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Garden phlox play
Garden phlox
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Garden phlox
Garden phlox
Garden phlox
Garden phlox
Garden phlox
Phlox paniculata
Also known as : Summer phlox
The garden phlox is a flowering plant that is native to the United States. The name, phlox, comes from the Latin for "flame," reflecting its bright colors. Garden phlox flowers can become important food sources for insects and hummingbirds.
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care guide

Care Guide for Garden phlox

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Garden phlox should not be watered from above, but at the base or root zone. Watering from above can cause damage to the foliage. Furthermore, watering Garden phlox in the morning will help to keep its foliage healthy. Be sure to keep the soil moist and water regularly through dry summers.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
It is not essential to fertilize garden phlox. However, adding compost, manure, or peat moss will increase the fertility of the plant's soil. Slow-release fertilizers are often thought to be best. Use it once in the spring and once in the late summer.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the diseased, withered leaves once a month.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Loam, Clay, Sand, Chalky, Sandy loam, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
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Repotting
Repotting
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
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Garden phlox
Water
Water
Every week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
4 to 9
Planting Time
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
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Questions About Garden phlox

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Garden phlox?
When watering the Garden phlox, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Garden phlox comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Garden phlox too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Garden phlox, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Garden phlox, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Garden phlox have become brittle and brown.
It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Garden phlox. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Garden phlox grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Garden phlox is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Garden phlox?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Garden phlox needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water.
If you grow your Garden phlox outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Garden phlox can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Garden phlox need?
When it comes time to water your Garden phlox, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Garden phlox at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Garden phlox can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Garden phlox is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Garden phlox will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Garden phlox will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Garden phlox more water at this time.
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How should I water my Garden phlox through the seasons?
The Garden phlox will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Garden phlox will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Garden phlox indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Garden phlox indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Garden phlox to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Garden phlox very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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Key Facts About Garden phlox

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Attributes of Garden phlox

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Summer
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
60 cm to 1.2 m
Spread
1 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
1.5 cm to 2.5 cm
Flower Color
White
Pink
Red
Purple
Blue
Violet
Stem Color
Green
Purple
White
Pink
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Pollinators
Butterflies
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Adult food
Growth Rate
Moderate

Name story

Garden phlox
It is often called garden phlox where the word "phlox" originates from the Greek word "phlx" which means "flame". It may be used to describe the spectacle of its blooming flowers, and it is often planted in gardens.

Symbolism

Welcome, generosity, harmony, agreement

Usages

Garden Use
The garden phlox is commonly used in cottage, native, butterfly, and pollinator gardens as a border plant. Garden phlox is prized for its showy, bright fragrant flowers with a range of color combinations that bloom throughout summer to fall. This plant does particularly well in perennial borders as either a single specimen or in groupings. It is commonly planted alongside Black-eyed susan, Globe thistle, Red hot poker, and Coneflowers.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

It can be used as flowerbeds, flower borders, potted plants, or cut flowers. It is the main summer ornamental plant that has elegant posture, lush flowers, gorgeous colors, rich flowers, and although not large, can form a large cluster, showing beautiful color above the plant, making a picturesque view. It is really an ideal ornamental plant.

Scientific Classification of Garden phlox

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Garden phlox

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Common issues for Garden phlox based on 10 million real cases
Caterpillars
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are herbivores that can infest the Garden phlox plant, resulting in significant damage as they feed on foliage and flowers. This not only impacts Garden phlox's appearance but also its bloom performance and overall health.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease affecting Garden phlox's leaves, stems, and flowers. It causes a white to gray powdery growth, leading to disfiguration, poor flowering, and sometimes plant death. Control is possible with cultural, biological, and chemical methods.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal infection that primarily affects the leaves and stems of Garden phlox, causing them to discolour, wilt, and eventually die off. If left untreated, this disease could seriously disrupt the plant's growth, flowering potential, and overall health.
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot is a common fungal disease impacting Garden phlox, causing wilted leaves and early defoliation. It can significantly reduce the plant's overall health and appearance. Early intervention and ongoing preventative maintenance are crucial for managing this condition.
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
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Caterpillars
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
Caterpillars are herbivores that can infest the Garden phlox plant, resulting in significant damage as they feed on foliage and flowers. This not only impacts Garden phlox's appearance but also its bloom performance and overall health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Garden phlox, evidence of caterpillar damage includes holes chewed in leaves, stems, and flowers. Additionally, you may see caterpillar droppings (frass), silk webbing, or the caterpillars themselves on the plant.
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Caterpillars
A variety of caterpillar species target plants for consumption, including Garden phlox. Eggs are laid on the plant's foliage, and upon hatching, the caterpillars feed heavily on the leaves and flower buds.
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Physical removal: Manually removing and disposing of caterpillars can be effective in smaller outbreaks.

Beneficial insects: Attracting natural predators, like birds or other insects (ladybugs, wasps), can help control the caterpillar population.
2
Pesticide
Chemical insecticides: Pesticides specifically designed for caterpillars can be applied, following product instructions carefully to avoid damage to the plant or environment.

Biological control: Applying a bacteria-based pesticide, such as Bacillus thuringiensis, targets caterpillars without harming beneficial fauna.
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Powdery mildew
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease affecting Garden phlox's leaves, stems, and flowers. It causes a white to gray powdery growth, leading to disfiguration, poor flowering, and sometimes plant death. Control is possible with cultural, biological, and chemical methods.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
White or gray powdery spots on the leaves, stems, or flowers of Garden phlox are initial symptoms, eventually covering the entire plant. Leaves may curl, yellow, and drop prematurely and Garden phlox may have fewer and distorted flowers.
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Pathogen
Erysiphe cichoracearum and Golovinomyces cichoracearum species, common fungal pathogens cause powdery mildew.
2
Environmental conditions
Favorable conditions include high humid and mild temperatures, but not necessarily rainy weather.
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Removing and discarding infected parts can limit the spread.

Circulation: Ensure good air circulation around plants to reduce humidity.

Resistant varieties: Choose powdery mildew-resistant Garden phlox varieties.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use sulfur or copper-based fungicides.

Biological control: Microorganisms known as mycoparasites can be sprayed on plants to combat the fungus.

Horticultural oils: These can suffocate the spores when applied correctly.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
Leaf rot is a fungal infection that primarily affects the leaves and stems of Garden phlox, causing them to discolour, wilt, and eventually die off. If left untreated, this disease could seriously disrupt the plant's growth, flowering potential, and overall health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Garden phlox's leaves turn yellow or brown, often starting from the bottom and spreading upwards. As part of the progression, the leaves wilt and eventually fall off the plant. In severe cases, this disease often impairs normal growth and flowering.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Fungi
The pathogen primarily causing leaf rot is a fungus of the genus Phytophthora. Phlox is susceptible to this fungus, which thrives in poorly drained, damp soils and humid conditions.
2
Environmental conditions
Prolonged periods of wetness due to rainfall, morning dew, or poor watering practices can encourage the growth and spread of this fungus.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Improvement of soil drainage: Waterlogged soil conditions promote the disease, therefore improving drainage helps.

Proper watering practices: Avoid watering in the evening and ensure water does not stay on the leaves for too long.

Removal of infected leaves: These should be promptly removed and disposed of safely to prevent the spread of the disease.
2
Pesticide
Use of antifungal agents: Fungicides available in the market, when sprayed as per instructions, can inhibit the growth of the fungus and cure existing infections.

Periodic treatment: To prevent a reoccurrence of the disease, plants should be sprayed with fungicides on a preventative basis.
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Brown blotch yellow edge
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
Brown spot is a common fungal disease impacting Garden phlox, causing wilted leaves and early defoliation. It can significantly reduce the plant's overall health and appearance. Early intervention and ongoing preventative maintenance are crucial for managing this condition.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The most distinguishable symptoms include brown spots forming on the leaves, often surrounded by a yellow halo. Over time, these spots become larger and darker, leaves may wilt, and defoliation can occur.
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Fungal Pathogen
Brown spot is primarily caused by the fungal pathogen Septoria phlogis, which thrives in humid, wet conditions.
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Remove Infected Leaves: Removing and properly disposing of infected leaves can prevent the spread of the disease.

Improve Circulation: Proper plant spacing and pruning can enhance air circulation, reducing moisture and hindering fungal growth.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Treatment: Application of a broad-spectrum fungicide following manufacturer’s guidelines can effectively control the disease.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
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Wilting after blooming
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Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
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distribution

Distribution of Garden phlox

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Habitat of Garden phlox

Open woods, scrub, sides of streams, hillsides, limestone
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Garden phlox

Garden phlox is native to the open woodlands, hills, and streamsides of the eastern United States. Used in gardens as an ornamental, it has become an introduced species in other parts of North America and Europe.
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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Garden Phlox Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Water
Every week
Garden phlox hails from regions in North America, including the eastern United States and Canada. It thrives in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands and meadows. This plant prefers well-drained soil and benefits from moderate to high levels of moisture. Its native environment indicates its preference for regular watering, as it is accustomed to receiving adequate rainfall. To ensure optimal growth, it is important to provide sufficient water to mimic its natural habitat, keeping the soil consistently moist without becoming waterlogged.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
Garden phlox flourishes in areas generously permeated with sunlight, although it can adapt to places with slightly less sun exposure. While such a sunny disposition contributes favorably to its growth, an extensive lack of sun or overexposure can adversely affect its health.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 - 38 ℃
Garden phlox is native to areas with moderate climates and thrives in temperatures of 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). In hotter seasons, it may require nocturnal cooling and shade during the day.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
1-2 feet
The best time to transplant garden phlox is during the delightful period of mid-spring to early summer, ensuring optimal growth. Choose a well-draining location with ample sunlight for garden phlox, and handle its delicate roots with care.
Transplant Techniques
Pruning
Spring, Summer, Autumn
Renowned for its vibrant summer blooms and upright growth, garden phlox thrives with regular pruning. Deadhead spent flowers to promote repeat blooms. In early spring, cut back stems to 1-2 inches to encourage bushier growth. After the first frost, prune to ground level, removing old growth. Optimal pruning occurs from early spring to late fall, avoiding winter to prevent cold damage. Pruning enhances air circulation, reduces disease risk, and maintains garden phlox's aesthetic appeal.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring
Garden phlox is commonly propagated through sowing in spring. It is an easy-to-grow plant, with successful propagation indicated by new shoots emerging. Ensure proper drainage and moisture retention for optimal germination.
Propagation Techniques
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are herbivores that can infest the Garden phlox plant, resulting in significant damage as they feed on foliage and flowers. This not only impacts Garden phlox's appearance but also its bloom performance and overall health.
Learn More About the Disease
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease affecting Garden phlox's leaves, stems, and flowers. It causes a white to gray powdery growth, leading to disfiguration, poor flowering, and sometimes plant death. Control is possible with cultural, biological, and chemical methods.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal infection that primarily affects the leaves and stems of Garden phlox, causing them to discolour, wilt, and eventually die off. If left untreated, this disease could seriously disrupt the plant's growth, flowering potential, and overall health.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot is a common fungal disease impacting Garden phlox, causing wilted leaves and early defoliation. It can significantly reduce the plant's overall health and appearance. Early intervention and ongoing preventative maintenance are crucial for managing this condition.
Learn More About the Disease
Feng shui direction
South
Garden phlox holds potential for harmonious energy flow when placed in the South-facing area. The plant's vibrant colors and uplifted reaching petals promote the movement of positive chi, which is enhanced when influenced by the South direction's association with the element of Fire. As a result, growth and recognition may be encouraged in one's life through the integration of garden phlox in South-oriented spaces.
Fengshui Details
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Bush clockvine
Bush clockvine
This tropical, evergreen shrub grows erect and blooms with bold dark blue or purple flowers through both summer and autumn, making it a lovely choice for hedges, borders, and walls. Though bush clockvine most commonly grows as a bush, it can be 'trained' to grow like a vine (as implied by the name).
Vegetable hummingbird
Vegetable hummingbird
Vegetable hummingbird (Sesbania grandiflora) is a fast-growing tree, reaching an average height of up to 4.5 m. It is grown both as an ornamental tree to provide shade and as a method to recolonize degraded or eroded soils. Interestingly, gum from vegetable hummingbird is used to make fishing cord more durable.
Bismarck Palm
Bismarck Palm
Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis) is a palm species native to Africa. Bismarck Palm grows well in clay soil in full sunlight. This species is often cultivated as an ornamental palm for landscaping.
Pong-pong
Pong-pong
Pong-pong (Cerbera odollam) is also known, somewhat dramatically, as the suicide tree because its fruit contains a toxin, cerberin, which is highly poisonous to humans. Despite this, this plant is grown in many gardens as hedging. The seeds are used industrially to make insect repellents and rat poisons.
Native fuchsia
Native fuchsia
Native fuchsia (Correa reflexa) is a shrub that is endemic to Australia where it primarily grows on the southeast coast of the continent. Native fuchsia flowers intermittently throughout the year but its primarily blooming season is spring through fall. The flowers are green-yellow to crimson pendulous tubular and slightly flared at the opening.
King protea
King protea
The king protea is a shrub with a flower that looks like it belongs in a fairy tale. The large, globe-shaped buds resemble giant artichokes before they open. The Latin name *Protea cynaroides* is reminiscent of the Greek sea-god, Proteus, who was known to change shapes, suggesting the diversity found in this unique bloom.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Garden phlox
Garden phlox
Phlox paniculata
Also known as: Summer phlox
The garden phlox is a flowering plant that is native to the United States. The name, phlox, comes from the Latin for "flame," reflecting its bright colors. Garden phlox flowers can become important food sources for insects and hummingbirds.
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Water
Every week
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Sunlight
Full sun
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Questions About Garden phlox

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Garden phlox?
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How much water does my Garden phlox need?
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Key Facts About Garden phlox

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Attributes of Garden phlox

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Summer
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
60 cm to 1.2 m
Spread
1 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
1.5 cm to 2.5 cm
Flower Color
White
Pink
Red
Purple
Blue
Violet
Stem Color
Green
Purple
White
Pink
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Pollinators
Butterflies
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Adult food
Growth Rate
Moderate
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Name story

Garden phlox
It is often called garden phlox where the word "phlox" originates from the Greek word "phlx" which means "flame". It may be used to describe the spectacle of its blooming flowers, and it is often planted in gardens.

Symbolism

Welcome, generosity, harmony, agreement

Usages

Garden Use
The garden phlox is commonly used in cottage, native, butterfly, and pollinator gardens as a border plant. Garden phlox is prized for its showy, bright fragrant flowers with a range of color combinations that bloom throughout summer to fall. This plant does particularly well in perennial borders as either a single specimen or in groupings. It is commonly planted alongside Black-eyed susan, Globe thistle, Red hot poker, and Coneflowers.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

It can be used as flowerbeds, flower borders, potted plants, or cut flowers. It is the main summer ornamental plant that has elegant posture, lush flowers, gorgeous colors, rich flowers, and although not large, can form a large cluster, showing beautiful color above the plant, making a picturesque view. It is really an ideal ornamental plant.

Scientific Classification of Garden phlox

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Common Pests & Diseases About Garden phlox

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Common issues for Garden phlox based on 10 million real cases
Caterpillars
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are herbivores that can infest the Garden phlox plant, resulting in significant damage as they feed on foliage and flowers. This not only impacts Garden phlox's appearance but also its bloom performance and overall health.
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Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease affecting Garden phlox's leaves, stems, and flowers. It causes a white to gray powdery growth, leading to disfiguration, poor flowering, and sometimes plant death. Control is possible with cultural, biological, and chemical methods.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal infection that primarily affects the leaves and stems of Garden phlox, causing them to discolour, wilt, and eventually die off. If left untreated, this disease could seriously disrupt the plant's growth, flowering potential, and overall health.
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Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot is a common fungal disease impacting Garden phlox, causing wilted leaves and early defoliation. It can significantly reduce the plant's overall health and appearance. Early intervention and ongoing preventative maintenance are crucial for managing this condition.
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Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
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Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
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Caterpillars
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
Caterpillars are herbivores that can infest the Garden phlox plant, resulting in significant damage as they feed on foliage and flowers. This not only impacts Garden phlox's appearance but also its bloom performance and overall health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Garden phlox, evidence of caterpillar damage includes holes chewed in leaves, stems, and flowers. Additionally, you may see caterpillar droppings (frass), silk webbing, or the caterpillars themselves on the plant.
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Caterpillars
A variety of caterpillar species target plants for consumption, including Garden phlox. Eggs are laid on the plant's foliage, and upon hatching, the caterpillars feed heavily on the leaves and flower buds.
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Physical removal: Manually removing and disposing of caterpillars can be effective in smaller outbreaks.

Beneficial insects: Attracting natural predators, like birds or other insects (ladybugs, wasps), can help control the caterpillar population.
2
Pesticide
Chemical insecticides: Pesticides specifically designed for caterpillars can be applied, following product instructions carefully to avoid damage to the plant or environment.

Biological control: Applying a bacteria-based pesticide, such as Bacillus thuringiensis, targets caterpillars without harming beneficial fauna.
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Powdery mildew
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease affecting Garden phlox's leaves, stems, and flowers. It causes a white to gray powdery growth, leading to disfiguration, poor flowering, and sometimes plant death. Control is possible with cultural, biological, and chemical methods.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
White or gray powdery spots on the leaves, stems, or flowers of Garden phlox are initial symptoms, eventually covering the entire plant. Leaves may curl, yellow, and drop prematurely and Garden phlox may have fewer and distorted flowers.
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Pathogen
Erysiphe cichoracearum and Golovinomyces cichoracearum species, common fungal pathogens cause powdery mildew.
2
Environmental conditions
Favorable conditions include high humid and mild temperatures, but not necessarily rainy weather.
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Removing and discarding infected parts can limit the spread.

Circulation: Ensure good air circulation around plants to reduce humidity.

Resistant varieties: Choose powdery mildew-resistant Garden phlox varieties.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use sulfur or copper-based fungicides.

Biological control: Microorganisms known as mycoparasites can be sprayed on plants to combat the fungus.

Horticultural oils: These can suffocate the spores when applied correctly.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
Leaf rot is a fungal infection that primarily affects the leaves and stems of Garden phlox, causing them to discolour, wilt, and eventually die off. If left untreated, this disease could seriously disrupt the plant's growth, flowering potential, and overall health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Garden phlox's leaves turn yellow or brown, often starting from the bottom and spreading upwards. As part of the progression, the leaves wilt and eventually fall off the plant. In severe cases, this disease often impairs normal growth and flowering.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Fungi
The pathogen primarily causing leaf rot is a fungus of the genus Phytophthora. Phlox is susceptible to this fungus, which thrives in poorly drained, damp soils and humid conditions.
2
Environmental conditions
Prolonged periods of wetness due to rainfall, morning dew, or poor watering practices can encourage the growth and spread of this fungus.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Improvement of soil drainage: Waterlogged soil conditions promote the disease, therefore improving drainage helps.

Proper watering practices: Avoid watering in the evening and ensure water does not stay on the leaves for too long.

Removal of infected leaves: These should be promptly removed and disposed of safely to prevent the spread of the disease.
2
Pesticide
Use of antifungal agents: Fungicides available in the market, when sprayed as per instructions, can inhibit the growth of the fungus and cure existing infections.

Periodic treatment: To prevent a reoccurrence of the disease, plants should be sprayed with fungicides on a preventative basis.
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Brown blotch yellow edge
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
Brown spot is a common fungal disease impacting Garden phlox, causing wilted leaves and early defoliation. It can significantly reduce the plant's overall health and appearance. Early intervention and ongoing preventative maintenance are crucial for managing this condition.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The most distinguishable symptoms include brown spots forming on the leaves, often surrounded by a yellow halo. Over time, these spots become larger and darker, leaves may wilt, and defoliation can occur.
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Fungal Pathogen
Brown spot is primarily caused by the fungal pathogen Septoria phlogis, which thrives in humid, wet conditions.
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Garden phlox?
1
Non pesticide
Remove Infected Leaves: Removing and properly disposing of infected leaves can prevent the spread of the disease.

Improve Circulation: Proper plant spacing and pruning can enhance air circulation, reducing moisture and hindering fungal growth.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Treatment: Application of a broad-spectrum fungicide following manufacturer’s guidelines can effectively control the disease.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
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Wilting after blooming
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Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
Solutions
Solutions
  • Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water.
  • Water according to recommendations for each plant's species.
  • Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too.
  • Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants.
  • Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Read up on moisture, light, and soil type preferences for each plant to avoid underwatering, incorrect light levels, or other conditions that can cause wilting blooms.
  • Avoid re-potting during the flowering period. This causes additional stress on the plants because they need to repair root damage and adapt to the new micro-environment, all of which can result in wilting.
  • One other potential cause is ethylene gas, a plant hormone related to ripening. Some fruits and vegetables emit ethylene, especially bananas. Apples, grapes, melons, avocados, and potatoes can also give it off, so keep flowering plants away from fresh produce.
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distribution

Distribution of Garden phlox

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Habitat of Garden phlox

Open woods, scrub, sides of streams, hillsides, limestone
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Garden phlox

Garden phlox is native to the open woodlands, hills, and streamsides of the eastern United States. Used in gardens as an ornamental, it has become an introduced species in other parts of North America and Europe.
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Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Garden Phlox Watering Instructions
Garden phlox hails from regions in North America, including the eastern United States and Canada. It thrives in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands and meadows. This plant prefers well-drained soil and benefits from moderate to high levels of moisture. Its native environment indicates its preference for regular watering, as it is accustomed to receiving adequate rainfall. To ensure optimal growth, it is important to provide sufficient water to mimic its natural habitat, keeping the soil consistently moist without becoming waterlogged.
When Should I Water My Garden Phlox?
Introduction
Proper and timely watering plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and development of the garden phlox. It contributes to its optimal growth, vibrant flower production, and resistance against diseases. Therefore, understanding the appropriate signals indicating when the plant should be watered is essential.
Soil Moisture Level
Checking the moisture level of the soil is the key to determining when to water garden phlox. Insert your finger 1-2 inches into the soil near the plant's base. If it feels dry at that depth, it's time to water.
Wilting Leaves
Wilting leaves are a clear sign that garden phlox needs water. If the leaves become droopy, lackluster, or begin to lose their vibrant color, it indicates that the plant is under-watered.
Leaf Color: Yellowing or Browning
Yellowing or browning of the leaves can signal that garden phlox is in need of water. If the leaves start to turn yellow or brown from the edges inward, it's a sign of water stress and should be addressed promptly.
Leaf Curling
Curling leaves can also indicate dehydration in garden phlox. If the leaves start to curl inward or appear brittle, it's a sign that the plant requires watering.
Visual Soil Dryness
Visibly dry soil is another indicator that garden phlox needs water. If the soil around the plant looks cracked, loose, or pulls away from the edges of the container, it indicates that the plant is not receiving enough moisture.
Flower Production: Decreased
A decrease in flower production can indicate that garden phlox is not getting enough water. If the plant produces fewer flowers than usual or if the flowers are smaller and less vibrant, it suggests inadequate watering.
Conclusion
Recognizing these signs is crucial for effectively managing the watering schedule of garden phlox. Proper water management promotes growth, flowering, and overall plant health.
How Should I Water My Garden Phlox?
Watering Requirements
Garden phlox, has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
For garden phlox, it is best to water at the base of the plant rather than wetting the foliage. This can be done by using a watering can with a narrow spout to direct the water flow directly to the soil. Avoid overhead watering as it can lead to fungal diseases and damage the delicate flowers.
Special Equipment
Using a moisture meter can help determine when garden phlox needs to be watered. This tool can measure the moisture level in the soil and indicate whether watering is necessary.
Avoiding Watering Mistakes
Overwatering garden phlox can be detrimental to its health, so it's important to ensure the soil is well-drained. This can be achieved by using a potting mix that retains moisture but also allows excess water to drain away. Additionally, it is crucial to avoid waterlogging the soil and water only when the top inch of soil is dry.
How Much Water Does Garden Phlox Really Need?
Introduction
Garden phlox is a species of plant native to North America. It thrives in moist environments, typically found in wooded areas, along riverbanks, and in meadows. Understanding its natural habitat can help determine its hydration needs.
Optimal Watering Quantity
To ensure the optimal water quantity for garden phlox, factors such as pot size, root depth, and plant size should be considered. Garden phlox has a moderately deep root system, typically extending about 8-10 inches below the soil surface. Watering should aim to reach this depth to promote healthy root growth. The amount of water needed depends on the size and maturity of the plant. For a mature garden phlox plant in a pot, it is recommended to provide approximately 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water per week, covering the entire root zone.
Signs of Proper Hydration
A well-hydrated garden phlox plant will exhibit healthy foliage and vibrant flowers. The leaves should appear firm, smooth, and evenly colored, without any wilting or browning. The soil should be consistently moist but not waterlogged. Proper drainage is essential to prevent water accumulation around the roots and avoid rotting. A good indicator of proper hydration is when the top 1-2 inches of soil feels slightly moist to the touch.
Risks of Improper Watering
Overwatering garden phlox can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases. Signs of overwatering include yellowing of leaves, wilting, and the presence of mold or fungus. Underwatering garden phlox can cause wilting, stunted growth, and reduced flowering. It is important to strike a balance and provide adequate moisture without overdoing it.
Additional Advice
To retain soil moisture and prevent excessive evaporation, applying organic mulch around the base of the plant is recommended. This can help regulate soil temperature and conserve moisture. Additionally, avoid wetting the foliage while watering, as it can increase the chances of disease. Watering in the early morning or late evening is ideal, as it allows for better absorption and reduces water loss through evaporation.
How Often Should I Water Garden Phlox?
Every week
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Garden Phlox?
Water Type Guide for garden phlox
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - garden phlox prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Distilled Water: Best suited for garden phlox as it is pure and free of any contaminants or minerals.
Rainwater: Another good option for garden phlox as it is natural, free of chemicals, and generally has a balanced pH level.
Tap Water: Can be used if no other water sources are available, but it may contain chlorine and other minerals that garden phlox may be sensitive to.
Chlorine Sensitivity
Medium - garden phlox is somewhat sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can cause leaf burn and overall stress to the plant.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Unknown - There is no specific information available regarding garden phlox's sensitivity to fluoride in water.
Mineral Sensitivity
Unknown - There is no specific information available regarding garden phlox's sensitivity to specific minerals in water.
Water Treatments
Letting tap water sit out: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for 24-48 hours before using it on garden phlox. This allows chlorine to evaporate and makes it safer for the plant.
Water Temperature Preferences
Unknown - There is no specific information available regarding garden phlox's water temperature preferences.
How Do Garden Phlox's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water garden phlox in Spring?
With the arrival of spring, the roots of the garden phlox start absorbing more nutrients as they prepare for the growth season, hence the soil must always be kept slightly moist at this time. It is crucial to water garden phlox gently at the soil level avoiding the leaves to prevent disease. Be cautious of over-watering that can cause root rot.
How to Water garden phlox in Summer?
With increased temperature in summer, garden phlox evaporation from the soil is faster, resulting in a higher water requirement. Ensure the topsoil is moist at all times but avoid waterlogging as it may cause root rot. A thicker layer of mulch around the plant base can help retain soil moisture.
How to Water garden phlox in Autumn?
By autumn, garden phlox growth begins to slow down and less water is required. Ensure the top soil remains just slightly moist. Overwatering can be harmful at this stage as dormant or slow-growing plants are susceptible to diseases related to excessive dampness.
How to Water garden phlox in Winter?
During winter, garden phlox goes into a dormant phase, resulting in significantly reduced water requirements. In regions where the ground freezes, watering garden phlox is unnecessary as it will not be absorbed. In warmer climates, the soil should be let to dry in between watering. Observing the plant for signs of dehydration like wilted or brown leaves would be essential during this season.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Garden Phlox Watering Routine?
Assessing Soil Moisture
To assess the moisture of the soil properly, insert your finger about 2 inches deep into the soil near the base of the plant. If it feels dry at this depth, it's time to water. Avoid relying solely on the surface appearance of the soil, as it can be misleading.
Watering Tools
Consider using a watering wand or a drip irrigation system to deliver water directly to the base of the plant. This helps prevent wetting the foliage, which can lead to diseases. Additionally, these tools provide more control over the amount of water being applied.
Watering Frequency
Watering frequency depends on various factors like temperature, humidity, and soil type. Generally, garden phlox prefers a slightly drier soil, so aim to water deeply once a week rather than frequent shallow waterings. This allows the roots to grow deep and encourages drought tolerance.
Special Conditions: Heatwave
During a heatwave, increase the frequency of watering to twice a week, ensuring the soil stays slightly moist. However, be cautious not to over-water, as garden phlox can still succumb to root rot. Consider providing some shade during extreme heat to protect the plant.
Special Conditions: Extended Rain
If the plant is experiencing extended periods of rain, it may not require additional watering. Monitor the soil moisture levels and only water if the soil becomes excessively dry. Over-watering during rainy periods can lead to root rot and other diseases.
Signs of Thirst
Look for wilted or drooping leaves as a sign of thirst. However, keep in mind that garden phlox naturally droops during hot afternoons even with sufficient water. If the leaves remain wilted in the early morning or evening, it indicates the need for watering.
Signs of Over-Watering
Yellowing leaves, mold or fungus growth on the soil surface, or a persistently wet soil can be signs of over-watering. Adjust the watering frequency and ensure proper drainage to address this issue.
Common Mistake: Over-Watering
One common mistake is over-watering the garden phlox. While it appreciates moisture, excessive water can lead to root rot and other diseases. Allow the top layer of soil to dry before watering again.
Common Mistake: Watering from Above
Avoid overhead watering, especially in the evening. Wet foliage can promote the development of fungal diseases. Direct water to the base of the plant using drip irrigation or a watering wand.
Common Mistake: Inadequate Drainage
Ensure proper drainage in the planting area to prevent waterlogging. Garden phlox prefers moist, well-drained soil. If the water doesn't drain within a reasonable time, consider amending the soil or using raised beds.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Garden Phlox?
Overview of Hydroponics
Garden phlox is a plant that can be successfully cultivated using hydroponics, which is a method of growing plants without soil by providing all essential nutrients directly through a water-based system. Hydroponics offers several advantages for garden phlox, including efficient nutrient uptake, controlled growing conditions, and the ability to optimize growth.
Recommended Hydroponic System
For garden phlox, the nutrient film technique (NFT) system is particularly suitable. In this system, a thin film of nutrient solution is continuously flowing over the plant roots, providing them with a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients. NFT ensures optimal nutrient uptake and helps prevent root rot and excessive moisture.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
The nutrient solution for garden phlox should be well-balanced and have the following specifications: garden phlox requires a nutrient concentration of 800-1000 ppm (parts per million) for optimal growth. The pH level should be maintained between 5.8 and 6.2, as garden phlox prefers a slightly acidic environment. The nutrient solution should be changed and refreshed completely every 2-3 weeks to prevent nutrient imbalances and ensure the plant receives adequate nutrition.
Challenges in Hydroponic Cultivation
When growing garden phlox hydroponically, special attention should be given to root rot prevention. Adequate oxygenation of the root zone is crucial to prevent the growth of harmful anaerobic bacteria. Additionally, maintaining the correct nutrient balance is important to avoid nutrient deficiencies or toxicities. Lastly, providing sufficient light intensity is crucial for the robust growth of garden phlox.
Monitoring Plant Health in Hydroponics
Regularly monitor the health of garden phlox in a hydroponic setup. Look out for signs of stress, such as yellowing leaves or stunted growth. Analyze the color and shape of the leaves for nutrient deficiencies or toxicities. Observe the root system for any signs of root rot or overgrowth. These observations will help identify and address any issues promptly.
Adjusting the Hydroponic Environment
As garden phlox progresses through different growth stages, slight adjustments to the hydroponic environment may be necessary. For example, during the flowering stage, increasing the nutrient concentration slightly can help promote strong blooming. Similarly, adjusting the light intensity and duration can affect overall growth and flowering success.
Watering Requirements
Garden phlox has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
Bottom-watering is an effective method to ensure the roots of garden phlox get adequate moisture without over-saturating the surface. This technique involves placing the plant pot in a tray or saucer filled with water and allowing the roots to absorb water from the bottom up. It prevents excess moisture on the foliage and minimizes the risk of fungal diseases.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, it is recommended to choose one with a narrow spout to direct the water flow directly to the base of the plant. This helps to avoid wetting the foliage excessively and promotes targeted hydration at the root level.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering Symptoms of Garden phlox
Garden phlox is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, root rot...
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Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering Symptoms of Garden phlox
Garden phlox is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, leaf curling, yellowing leaves...
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Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Leaf curling
Leaves may curl inward or downward as they attempt to conserve water and minimize water loss through transpiration.
Increased susceptibility to pests and diseases
Underwatered plants may become more susceptible to pests and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Garden Phlox
Why are the leaves of my garden phlox turning yellow?
Yellow leaves can be a sign of overwatering. Garden phlox prefers well-drained soil and does not do well in waterlogged conditions. To solve this, reduce your watering frequency and ensure your plant is in a location with appropriate drainage.
Why are the edges of my garden phlox's leaves turning brown?
Brown leaf edges can indicate underwatering for garden phlox. This plant needs regular watering during dry periods, especially if it's newly planted. Increase your watering frequency being careful not to waterlog the plant. If the problem persists, the plant may be too exposed to wind or sunlight and may need relocation.
Why does my garden phlox have wilted, limp leaves?
Wilted, limp leaves suggest that the garden phlox has been underwatered or the water hasn't reached the roots effectively. Deeply water the plant to encourage the moisture to reach the roots. Ensure to not overwater, as this can lead to root rot.
What should I do if my garden phlox develops root rot?
Root rot is often caused by excessive watering in garden phlox, particularly in heavy or poorly drained soil. If you suspect root rot, you may need to transfer your plant to better-draining soil or a raised bed. In advanced cases, it may be necessary to remove the affected parts to prevent spread.
Why is the growth of my garden phlox stunted even though I water it regularly?
While garden phlox does require regular watering, too much can result in stunted growth due to waterlogged soils which hinder roots from functioning properly. It's better to water thoroughly but less frequently, allowing the soil to dry out between watering. Also, improving the soil's drainage and aeration may help.
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Lighting
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Garden phlox flourishes in areas generously permeated with sunlight, although it can adapt to places with slightly less sun exposure. While such a sunny disposition contributes favorably to its growth, an extensive lack of sun or overexposure can adversely affect its health.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Garden phlox thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your garden phlox may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Garden phlox enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Garden phlox thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Garden phlox is native to areas with moderate climates and thrives in temperatures of 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). In hotter seasons, it may require nocturnal cooling and shade during the day.
Regional wintering strategies
Garden phlox has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Garden phlox
Garden phlox is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Garden phlox
During summer, Garden phlox should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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