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Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Salvia sclarea
Also known as : Clary
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
care guide

Care Guide for Clary sage

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Deadhead (or remove) withered flowers after flowering.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Clay, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Details on Repotting Repotting
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Clary sage
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
5 to 9
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
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Questions About Clary sage

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Clary sage?
When watering the Clary sage, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Clary sage comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Clary sage too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Clary sage, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Clary sage, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Clary sage have become brittle and brown. It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Clary sage. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Clary sage grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Clary sage is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Clary sage?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Clary sage needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water. If you grow your Clary sage outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Clary sage can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Clary sage need?
When it comes time to water your Clary sage, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Clary sage at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Clary sage can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Clary sage is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Clary sage will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Clary sage will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Clary sage more water at this time.
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How should I water my Clary sage through the seasons?
The Clary sage will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Clary sage will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Clary sage indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Clary sage indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Clary sage to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Clary sage very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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Key Facts About Clary sage

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Attributes of Clary sage

Lifespan
Perennial, Biennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Early fall, Mid fall
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
91 cm to 1.2 m
Spread
60 cm to 90 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Gray
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
Pink
White
Purple
Cream
Blue
Violet
Fruit Color
Brown
Copper
Cream
Tan
Stem Color
Green
Pink
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer
Growth Rate
Moderate

Scientific Classification of Clary sage

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Common Pests & Diseases About Clary sage

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Common issues for Clary sage based on 10 million real cases
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Clary sage by causing foliage decay, which impedes photosynthesis and nutrient uptake, potentially leading to plant death if untreated.
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
Leaf rot is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Clary sage by causing foliage decay, which impedes photosynthesis and nutrient uptake, potentially leading to plant death if untreated.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Clary sage, leaf rot manifests as brown or black spots on leaves, wilting, yellowing, and eventually lead to leaf drop, hindering the plant's growth and vigor.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
1
Fungi
Specific species of fungi such as Rhizoctonia or Phytophthora that thrive in moist conditions.
2
Bacteria
Pathogenic bacteria, including Pseudomonas and Erwinia species which infect through wounds or natural openings.
3
Environmental factors
Excessive moisture, poor air circulation, or overly dense planting creating an environment conducive to pathogens.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
1
Non pesticide
Remove affected parts: Prune and destroy infected leaves to reduce pathogen spread.

Improve air circulation: Space plants adequately and trim regularly to increase airflow.

Adjust watering: Water at the base to avoid wetting leaves and reduce humidity levels.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply appropriate fungicides to infected Clary sage as directed on the label.

Bactericides: Utilize copper-based bactericides for bacterial leaf rot, following safety instructions.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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distribution

Distribution of Clary sage

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Habitat of Clary sage

Rocky igneous slopes, mixed deciduous and coniferous woodland, shale banks, roadsides
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Clary sage

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Clary Sage Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
Clary sage tends to thrive under abundant exposure to the sun while still being capable of withstanding intervals of limited sunlight. With an origin deeply rooted in well exposed areas, reaching its zenith of growth would demand an environment generously doused with sunshine. However, too much or too little sunlight can hinder its growth.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
2-3 feet
The optimal period to transplant clary sage is during the rejuvenating seasons of mid to late spring, when the conditions favor root establishment. Select a sunny location with well-draining soil, and when replanting, be gentle with clary sage's root system to encourage a smooth transition.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
0 - 38 ℃
Clary sage is native to environments that generally fluctuate between 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). It thrives in similar climates and favors this range when placed elsewhere. Depending on seasonal variations, temperature control may be required to mimic these ideal conditions.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Spring, Summer, Fall
Characterized by its aromatic leaves and towering flower spikes, clary sage is a herbaceous perennial. For clary sage, pruning should focus on deadheading spent blossoms to encourage continued blooming and cutting back foliage in the fall to maintain a tidy appearance. Optimal pruning occurs immediately after flowering to stimulate new growth. Regular trims can prevent legginess and promote denser foliage. In this species, pruning also enhances air circulation, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring
Clary sage offers gardeners a rewarding experience with its aromatic foliage and striking flowers. Propagation is most successful through sowing seeds, where both freshness and soil quality play pivotal roles. Achieving an optimal propagation environment requires well-draining, fertile soil paired with consistent moisture without waterlogging. Seeds should be lightly covered with soil, as clary sage needs adequate light for germination. Gentle handling of seedlings is crucial until they are robust enough for transplanting, ensuring a higher success rate.
Propagation Techniques
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Clary sage by causing foliage decay, which impedes photosynthesis and nutrient uptake, potentially leading to plant death if untreated.
Read More
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease that leads to the wilting and dieback of 'Clary sage's foliage, potentially reducing the plant's vigor and yield. Essential aspects include its cause, symptoms, active periods, and management strategies.
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Branch withering
Branch withering is a condition that affects the vitality of Clary sage, leading to decreased growth and eventual death of the branches. It significantly impairs the plant's aesthetic and health.
Read More
Wounds
Wounds on 'Clary sage' are physical damages that can lead to disease and stress, affecting plant growth, vigor, and productivity. Proper care can mitigate the impact of wounds and promote healing.
Read More
Leaf white mold
Leaf white mold is a devastating fungal disease impacting Clary sage, causing whitish fungal growth on leaves, leading to plant decay and yield loss.
Read More
Notch
Notch is a disease affecting Clary sage, characterized by a distinct inhibition of growth and deformation of leaves. It poses significant agricultural concerns due to potential yield reduction and crop quality impairment.
Read More
Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that affects the foliage of Clary sage, leading to aesthetic damage and potentially hindering photosynthesis. It can significantly impact plant health and yield if uncontrolled.
Read More
Flower wilting
Flower wilting disease causes significant plant stress in Clary sage, leading to wilting, discoloration, and if untreated, potential plant death. The disease is linked to various pathogens and environmental factors.
Read More
Spots
Spots on Clary sage typically indicate a fungal or bacterial infection negatively affecting plant health. These spots impair photosynthesis and can lead to defoliation and reduced plant vigor.
Read More
Flower withering
Flower withering is a plant disease that severely affects Clary sage's flowering ability and overall growth. Fast-spreading, it's primarily caused by environmental stressors or fungal pathogens, disrupting Clary sage's reproductive cycles considerably and causing widespread tissue damage.
Read More
Dark spots
Dark spots on Clary sage are a common fungal condition that compromises the aesthetic and health of the plant, affecting the leaves with necrotic lesions and potentially impacting overall vigor.
Read More
Leaf drooping
Leaf drooping in Clary sage is characterized by a downward bending of leaves, indicating stress. This physiological response can significantly impact the plant's health and vigor, potentially leading to reduced flowering and oil production.
Read More
Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a pervasive plant disease affecting various species, including Clary sage. Typically, it results in leaf droopiness, decline in plant vigor, and, in severe instances, plant death. Poor water management and specific pathogens often cause this problem.
Read More
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a plant disease affecting Clary sage that causes extensive damage by drying out the entire foliage, reducing plant vigor, and potentially resulting in plant death. Control and prevention are vital to maintaining healthy Clary sage crops.
Read More
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing, an issue often caused by nutrient deficiencies or diseases, impacts Clary sage's health, vigor, and visual appeal. It may lead to growth hindrance, diminished flowering, and eventual decline of the plant.
Read More
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering in Clary sage is a condition that causes the tips of leaves to dry out and die, impacting the plant's appearance and vitality. This guide encompasses its causes, symptoms, activity, cures, infectiousness, lethality, prevention, and frequently asked questions.
Read More
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease that afflicts Clary sage, causing brownish lesions on the leaves and stems. The disease reduces plant vigour and its essential oil production, thereby impacting its medicinal, aromatic and ornamental values.
Read More
Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a disease affecting Clary sage characterized by yellowing margins on the leaves. This condition can lead to reduced vigor and potential loss of the plant if left untreated.
Read More
Whole plant withering
Whole plant withering is a severe condition leading to the rapid decline of Clary sage, characterized by a progressive collapse of the entire plant. It causes significant yield loss and can be fatal if not managed properly.
Read More
Feng shui direction
Southwest
Clary sage harmonizes well with the Southwest-facing direction in Feng Shui as it corresponds with the Earth element, which the plant is thought to embody. The plant's calming energies are thus believed to complement the nurturing and stability attributes of this direction. However, interpretations may vary due to the subjective nature of Feng Shui.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Clary sage

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Annual fleabane
Annual fleabane
While native to North America, the annual fleabane has been introduced to other places around the world, as well as in 43 states of the United States. It is a popular choice for bees, flies, wasps, and butterflies as a source of nectar, but is invasive and is threatening the native ecosystem where they grow.
Bull thistle
Bull thistle
Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare) is a thistle plant native to Europe, Africa, and Asia. Bull thistle produces a large amount of nectar and attracts pollinators. Bull thistle is considered a noxious weed in areas of Europe and Australia.
African tulip tree
African tulip tree
African tulip tree (*Spathodea campanulata*) is an evergreen tree that grows best in full sunlight and well-drained soil. African tulip tree is shade-tolerant. It is a fast-growing tree and a prolific seed producer, dispersing seeds that can germinate without light, giving it the potential to become invasive in some areas.
Earleaf acacia
Earleaf acacia
Earleaf acacia (Acacia auriculiformis) is an evergreen tree that can grow from 20 to 27 m tall. It is a fast-growing tree with a gnarly trunk and is often multi-stemmed. It blooms in spring with yellowish-orange spiked clusters. Each tree produces about 47,000 seeds per year. It is becoming an invasive tree, displacing vegetation and native plants.
Sessile Joyweed
Sessile Joyweed
The sessile Joyweed (Alternanthera sessilis) is an aquatic plant that spreads vigorously from a prominent, very deep taproot. It is listed as a noxious weed in the United States and can devastate small ponds with its aggressive foliage growth. The sessile Joyweed is so dense, it can, in fact, block drainage canals with vegetation and clog irrigation lines!
Japanese meadowsweet
Japanese meadowsweet
Japanese meadowsweet is considered by many to be an invasive species due to its ability to spread rapidly, creating a dense thicket or hedge. The species traces its roots to Japan, Korea, and China and was introduced in other areas because of its attractive flowers. Use caution when planting to make sure that this shrub can be managed appropriately.
Poison ivy
Poison ivy
In pop culture, poison ivy is a symbol of an obnoxious weed because, despite its unthreatening looks, it gives a highly unpleasant contact rash to the unfortunate person who touches it. Still, it is commonly eaten by many animals, and the seeds are a favorite with birds. The leaves turn bright red in fall. Its sister species, Western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii), is not considered to be invasive in the United States, but is noxious in Australia and New Zealand.
Pokeweed
Pokeweed
Although its berries look juicy and tempting, the fruits and the root of pokeweed are toxic and should not be eaten. Pokeweed is considered a pest species by farmers but is nevertheless often grown as an ornamental plant. Its berries can be made into pokeberry ink as well.
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Related Plants
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage
Salvia sclarea
Also known as: Clary
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
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Questions About Clary sage

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
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Key Facts About Clary sage

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Attributes of Clary sage

Lifespan
Perennial, Biennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Early fall, Mid fall
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
91 cm to 1.2 m
Spread
60 cm to 90 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Gray
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
Pink
White
Purple
Cream
Blue
Violet
Fruit Color
Brown
Copper
Cream
Tan
Stem Color
Green
Pink
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer
Growth Rate
Moderate
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Scientific Classification of Clary sage

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Clary sage

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Common issues for Clary sage based on 10 million real cases
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Clary sage by causing foliage decay, which impedes photosynthesis and nutrient uptake, potentially leading to plant death if untreated.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Learn More About the Flower withering more
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Learn More About the Leaf beetles more
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
Leaf rot is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Clary sage by causing foliage decay, which impedes photosynthesis and nutrient uptake, potentially leading to plant death if untreated.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Clary sage, leaf rot manifests as brown or black spots on leaves, wilting, yellowing, and eventually lead to leaf drop, hindering the plant's growth and vigor.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
1
Fungi
Specific species of fungi such as Rhizoctonia or Phytophthora that thrive in moist conditions.
2
Bacteria
Pathogenic bacteria, including Pseudomonas and Erwinia species which infect through wounds or natural openings.
3
Environmental factors
Excessive moisture, poor air circulation, or overly dense planting creating an environment conducive to pathogens.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Clary sage?
1
Non pesticide
Remove affected parts: Prune and destroy infected leaves to reduce pathogen spread.

Improve air circulation: Space plants adequately and trim regularly to increase airflow.

Adjust watering: Water at the base to avoid wetting leaves and reduce humidity levels.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply appropriate fungicides to infected Clary sage as directed on the label.

Bactericides: Utilize copper-based bactericides for bacterial leaf rot, following safety instructions.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
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distribution

Distribution of Clary sage

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Habitat of Clary sage

Rocky igneous slopes, mixed deciduous and coniferous woodland, shale banks, roadsides
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Clary sage

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care_scenes

More Info on Clary Sage Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Clary sage by causing foliage decay, which impedes photosynthesis and nutrient uptake, potentially leading to plant death if untreated.
 detail
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease that leads to the wilting and dieback of 'Clary sage's foliage, potentially reducing the plant's vigor and yield. Essential aspects include its cause, symptoms, active periods, and management strategies.
 detail
Branch withering
Branch withering is a condition that affects the vitality of Clary sage, leading to decreased growth and eventual death of the branches. It significantly impairs the plant's aesthetic and health.
 detail
Wounds
Wounds on 'Clary sage' are physical damages that can lead to disease and stress, affecting plant growth, vigor, and productivity. Proper care can mitigate the impact of wounds and promote healing.
 detail
Leaf white mold
Leaf white mold is a devastating fungal disease impacting Clary sage, causing whitish fungal growth on leaves, leading to plant decay and yield loss.
 detail
Notch
Notch is a disease affecting Clary sage, characterized by a distinct inhibition of growth and deformation of leaves. It poses significant agricultural concerns due to potential yield reduction and crop quality impairment.
 detail
Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that affects the foliage of Clary sage, leading to aesthetic damage and potentially hindering photosynthesis. It can significantly impact plant health and yield if uncontrolled.
 detail
Flower wilting
Flower wilting disease causes significant plant stress in Clary sage, leading to wilting, discoloration, and if untreated, potential plant death. The disease is linked to various pathogens and environmental factors.
 detail
Spots
Spots on Clary sage typically indicate a fungal or bacterial infection negatively affecting plant health. These spots impair photosynthesis and can lead to defoliation and reduced plant vigor.
 detail
Flower withering
Flower withering is a plant disease that severely affects Clary sage's flowering ability and overall growth. Fast-spreading, it's primarily caused by environmental stressors or fungal pathogens, disrupting Clary sage's reproductive cycles considerably and causing widespread tissue damage.
 detail
Dark spots
Dark spots on Clary sage are a common fungal condition that compromises the aesthetic and health of the plant, affecting the leaves with necrotic lesions and potentially impacting overall vigor.
 detail
Leaf drooping
Leaf drooping in Clary sage is characterized by a downward bending of leaves, indicating stress. This physiological response can significantly impact the plant's health and vigor, potentially leading to reduced flowering and oil production.
 detail
Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a pervasive plant disease affecting various species, including Clary sage. Typically, it results in leaf droopiness, decline in plant vigor, and, in severe instances, plant death. Poor water management and specific pathogens often cause this problem.
 detail
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a plant disease affecting Clary sage that causes extensive damage by drying out the entire foliage, reducing plant vigor, and potentially resulting in plant death. Control and prevention are vital to maintaining healthy Clary sage crops.
 detail
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing, an issue often caused by nutrient deficiencies or diseases, impacts Clary sage's health, vigor, and visual appeal. It may lead to growth hindrance, diminished flowering, and eventual decline of the plant.
 detail
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering in Clary sage is a condition that causes the tips of leaves to dry out and die, impacting the plant's appearance and vitality. This guide encompasses its causes, symptoms, activity, cures, infectiousness, lethality, prevention, and frequently asked questions.
 detail
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease that afflicts Clary sage, causing brownish lesions on the leaves and stems. The disease reduces plant vigour and its essential oil production, thereby impacting its medicinal, aromatic and ornamental values.
 detail
Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a disease affecting Clary sage characterized by yellowing margins on the leaves. This condition can lead to reduced vigor and potential loss of the plant if left untreated.
 detail
Whole plant withering
Whole plant withering is a severe condition leading to the rapid decline of Clary sage, characterized by a progressive collapse of the entire plant. It causes significant yield loss and can be fatal if not managed properly.
 detail
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Plants Related to Clary sage

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Lighting
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Indoor
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Clary sage tends to thrive under abundant exposure to the sun while still being capable of withstanding intervals of limited sunlight. With an origin deeply rooted in well exposed areas, reaching its zenith of growth would demand an environment generously doused with sunshine. However, too much or too little sunlight can hinder its growth.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Clary sage thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Clary sage may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Clary sage enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Clary sage thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Clary sage is native to environments that generally fluctuate between 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). It thrives in similar climates and favors this range when placed elsewhere. Depending on seasonal variations, temperature control may be required to mimic these ideal conditions.
Regional wintering strategies
Clary sage has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Clary sage
Clary sage is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Clary sage
During summer, Clary sage should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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