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Poison ivy
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A species of Toxicodendron, Also known as Eastern poison ivy
Botanical name : Toxicodendron radicans Genus : Toxicodendron

Poison ivy, A species of Toxicodendron
Also known as:
Eastern poison ivy
Botanical name: Toxicodendron radicans
Genus: Toxicodendron
Add to My Garden
Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)

Description

In pop culture, poison ivy is a symbol of an obnoxious weed because, despite its unthreatening looks, it gives a highly unpleasant contact rash to the unfortunate person who touches it. Still, it is commonly eaten by many animals, and the seeds are a favorite with birds. The leaves turn bright red in fall. Its sister species, Western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii), is not considered to be invasive in the United States, but is noxious in Australia and New Zealand.
Plant Type
Shrub
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Flower Color
Green
White
Yellow
Leaf Color
Green
Yellow
Red
* Disclaimer: Content feedback CAN NOT be used as any basis for EATING ANY PLANTS. Some plants can be VERY POISONOUS, please purchase edible plants through regular channels.

General Info

Name story

Climbing poison ivy||Poison ivy
Toxicodendron radicans is a wall-climbing master, having very strong climbing capabilities. It is frequently seen covering an entire wall, and sometimes even enveloping a whole house. In addition to climbing walls, it is also toxic, as a way to protect itself from touch. Touching the plant may cause dermatitis, so people call it Climbing poison ivy, or poison ivy for short.

Symbolism

Trouble, tread lightly in the natural world, discernment

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
Berries are a food source for many species of wildlife.
Garden Use
In some countries, poison ivy is considered an ornamental plant for its attractive leaves and climbing vines, but is very toxic. Poison ivy is a poisonous and weedy plant that is not recommended for growing in the garden. If this plant are found growing in your garden, remove it immediately with gloves to protect the skin.

What part of poison ivy is poisonous?

All parts of poison ivy contain a toxic oil (urushiol) that causes skin irritation in most humans. This irritation is caused by an allergic reaction from either direct or indirect contact with the plant material, including contacting shoes or an animal that touched the plant. Even the smoke produced from burning the plant can cause a toxic reaction. Contact is most likely to occur accidentally, since this plant is very common in a wide range of environments, including forests, roadsides, clearings, etc. Symptoms may include severe blistering, itching, and inflammation that may be long-lasting.

Can ingestion of poison ivy be fatal to animals?

The toxic urushiol can be found in all parts of poison ivy, particularly in its sap. When an animal ingests this plant or comes into contact with the sap, symptoms of poisoning and allergic reactions can occur.

Toxicity

Poison ivy is one of the most medically problematic plants in temperate regions around the world. This plant contains urushiol, a compound that causes allergy in many people, and is found in every part of the plant. It is estimated that around 80% of people are allergic to urushiol. Please avoid touching it especially its toxic sap.
Symptoms of exposure usually include irritating, itchy rash on skin, that can be very painful in sensitive people. Washing the affected area with soap and cold water immediately after contact will help reduce severity of the rash.
This plant is not considered edible, so cases of poisoning due to ingestion are extremely rare, if non-existent.

Toxicity in Animals

Poison ivy is generally considered non-toxic to animals. However, it can cause skin irritation just like in humans, but luckily most animals have thick coats that protect their skin from urushiol. Poison ivy can cause mild gastrointestinal distress upon ingestion, but animals usually avoid eating this plant so cases of poisoning are rare.
If your pet comes into contact with poison ivy, it is usually a bigger threat to you than to your four-legged friend. If you pet it, the irritating oils might get on your skin. Wash your pet with water and mild soap to remove the oils from its coat.

How to Control it

First and foremost, it is advised to wear adequate protective gear when dealing with these plants, considering they produce allergenic oils on leaves and stems. This includes gardening gloves and protective clothing. Take the following steps to remove the unwanted poison ivy from your garden:
  1. Cut the stems at the base and collect the vines;
  2. Take a shovel and dig out the entire root of the plant;
  3. Collect the plant material and dispose of it properly;
  4. Thoroughly clean all tools used in the process, and wash your gloves and protective clothes.
It is not advised to burn this plant because volatile urushiol can seriously damage the lungs if inhaled.

Related Articles

Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
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