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Heavenly bamboo play
Heavenly bamboo
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Heavenly bamboo
Heavenly bamboo
Heavenly bamboo
Heavenly bamboo
Heavenly bamboo
Nandina domestica
Also known as : Sacred bamboo
Despite its name, heavenly bamboo is not actually bamboo at all but a semi-evergreen shrub. It gains its name because a casual observer may mistake it for actual bamboo. The bright red berries are a key distinguishing feature of this plant. They should be avoided, however, since they are toxic to most animals and humans alike.
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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Toxic to Human & Pets
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care guide

Care Guide for Heavenly bamboo

Watering Care
Watering Care
When still young, Heavenly bamboo needs a steady supply of water until it establishes a strong root system. During this stage, the soil should be constantly moist, but not waterlogged. Once established, Heavenly bamboo is more tolerant of drought. Container plants need to be watered more often compared to those planted outdoors.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
For optimal performance, feed your heavenly bamboo twice a year; once in spring and again in early summer. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer or a fertilizer designed for ornamental shrubs. If you notice any signs of nutrient deficiency, test your soil and apply the additional fertilizer accordingly.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the diseased, withered leaves once a month.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Clay, Chalky, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Potted heavenly bamboo should be repotted every 1-2 years.
Details on Repotting Repotting
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Heavenly bamboo
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 11
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
question

Questions About Heavenly bamboo

Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Heavenly bamboo?
Your Heavenly bamboo will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Heavenly bamboo. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Heavenly bamboo. However, the Heavenly bamboo usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Heavenly bamboo too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Heavenly bamboo can rely on rain most of the time.
When your Heavenly bamboo is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Heavenly bamboo, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Heavenly bamboo from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Heavenly bamboo in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Heavenly bamboo, simply water this plant more frequently.
Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Heavenly bamboo?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Heavenly bamboo is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants.
For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Heavenly bamboo. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Heavenly bamboo .
Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Heavenly bamboo need?
When it comes time to water your Heavenly bamboo, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Heavenly bamboo by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Heavenly bamboo gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes.
If your Heavenly bamboo is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Heavenly bamboo is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Heavenly bamboo a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Heavenly bamboo enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Heavenly bamboo, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Heavenly bamboo will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Heavenly bamboo will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Heavenly bamboo.
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How can I water my Heavenly bamboo at different growth stages?
When the Heavenly bamboo is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Heavenly bamboo that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Heavenly bamboo can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Heavenly bamboo is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Heavenly bamboo through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Heavenly bamboo. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Heavenly bamboo will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Heavenly bamboo indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Heavenly bamboo may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Key Facts About Heavenly bamboo

Attributes of Heavenly bamboo

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Shrub
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Summer
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
1 m to 3 m
Spread
1.5 m
Leaf Color
Green
Red
Purple
Yellow
White
Variegated
Orange
Flower Size
6 mm to 7 mm
Flower Color
White
Fruit Color
Red
Stem Color
Green
Red
Purple
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Season
Spring
Growth Rate
Rapid

Name story

Heavenly bamboo
This plant looks especially like bamboo because its leaves and vine-like stem are very similar to that of Poaceae plants from the family Gramineae. When it was first introduced into the United States, it was being treasured and it was believed that the plant could only be planted in sacred places. So, it was called heavenly bamboo.

Symbolism

Auspiciousness, good luck

Usages

Garden Use
Heavenly bamboo is often planted in gardens, green belts, and a variety of landscaping. It is appreciated for the distinctive colors of foliage and flowers, as well as for its thick clusters of bright berries that persist throughout the cold months of the year. Mass plantings can create excellent borders, foundation plantings, and hedges, although it is also suitable as a focal point in landscaping design. This species looks good alongside hostas and ornamental grasses, as well as flowers such as Camellias and Hellebores.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

The heavenly bamboo stems grow in clumps, and in autumn and winter the leaves gradually turn red and its branches are full of rich red fruits. It is a beautiful view in the autumn and cold winter gardens.

Scientific Classification of Heavenly bamboo

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Heavenly bamboo

Common issues for Heavenly bamboo based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease majorly affecting Heavenly bamboo's leaves. It causes the emergence of brown spots, wilting, and, in severe cases, defoliation. The disease is known to impair Heavenly bamboo's health and aesthetic value.
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common plant disease that notably affects Heavenly bamboo. Caused by various fungal pathogens, it triggers deteriorating leaf health and hampers the overall growth of the plant. As both a nuisance and threat to Heavenly bamboo, proactive management and preventative measures are crucial.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Black spot
Black spot Black spot
Black spot
Infection by the black spot pathogen causes black spots or patches to appear on leaves.
Solutions: Some steps to take to address black spot include: Prune away any infected leaves, cleaning the pruners between plants with a 10% bleach solution so that the fungus does not spread to healthy leaves. Don't compost pruned plant parts as the spores can linger in the soil for a long period of time - instead, dispose of them in the trash. Use an approved fungicide such as Trifloxystrobin, Chlorothalonil, Maneb, or Myclobutanil. Use a spreader in the fungicide spray to ensure better coverage.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
Brown spot is a fungal disease majorly affecting Heavenly bamboo's leaves. It causes the emergence of brown spots, wilting, and, in severe cases, defoliation. The disease is known to impair Heavenly bamboo's health and aesthetic value.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Heavenly bamboo initially develops small brown spots on its leaves, which gradually enlarge, leading to leaf discoloration. The margins of the spots may show a yellow halo. It can eventually result in defoliation in severe cases.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Fungal pathogen
Brown spot is primarily caused by the pathogen Bipolaris oryzae that thrives in warm, wet climates, infecting the foliage
2
Environmental Conditions
Overcrowding, poor air circulation, excess watering and high humidity levels enhance the persistence and spread of the disease.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Non pesticide
Trimming: Regularly trim infected leaf surfaces and dispose of them responsibly to minimize the spread of spores

Improving conditions: Increase sunlight exposure and improve air circulation to decrease humidity, inhibit fungal growth and prevent disease recurrence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Apply copper-based fungicides or other systemic fungicides to control the disease spread. Ensure to follow the product's instructions and safety standards.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
Leaf blight is a common plant disease that notably affects Heavenly bamboo. Caused by various fungal pathogens, it triggers deteriorating leaf health and hampers the overall growth of the plant. As both a nuisance and threat to Heavenly bamboo, proactive management and preventative measures are crucial.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Heavenly bamboo affected by Leaf blight shows initial symptoms of yellowing leaves (chlorosis), followed by the appearance of brown or black spots. Regular and unchecked progression leads to wilting leaves and overall plant weakness.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Fungi
The main factor causing Leaf blight is an infection by fungal pathogens, primarily Alternaria and Phytophthora species.
2
Environmental conditions
High humidity, excessive watering, and poor ventilation encourage fungal growth, making Heavenly bamboo susceptible to the disease.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Clean fallen debris and infected leaves to halt fungi spread.

Pruning: Prune infected branches to prevent disease progression in Heavenly bamboo.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Treat with Copper-based fungicides which have proved effective against Leaf blight.

Systemic fungicides: These, though more aggressive, can cure Heavenly bamboo by treating not just symptoms but also the root cause of infection.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Black spot
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Black spot
Infection by the black spot pathogen causes black spots or patches to appear on leaves.
Overview
Overview
Black spot is a fungus that largely attacks leaves on a variety of ornamental plants, leaving them covered in dark spots ringed with yellow, and eventually killing them. The fungus is often simply unsightly, but if it infects the whole plant it can interfere with photosynthesis by killing too many leaves. Because of this, it is important to be aware of the best methods for preventing and treating this diseases should it occur in the garden.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are a few of the most common symptoms of black spot:
  • The plant has developed small black spots along the leaves.
  • These spots be small, circular, and clustered together, or they may have a splotchy appearance and take up large portions of the leaves.
  • The fungus may also affect plant canes, where lesions start purple and then turn black.
  • The plant may suffer premature leaf drop.
Though most forms of black spot fungus pose little risk to a plant's overall health, many gardeners find them unsightly. Severe cases can also weaken a plant, so it becomes more susceptible to other pathogens and diseases.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Black spot is spread by various types of fungi, which differ slightly depending on whether they are in their sexual or asexual stages.
The fungal spores linger over the winter in fallen leaves and lesions on canes. In the spring, the spores are splashed up onto the leaves, causing infection within seven hours of moisture and when temperatures range between 24 to 29 ℃ with a high relative humidity.
In just two weeks, thousands of additional spores are produced, making it easy for the disease to infect nearby healthy plants as well.
There are several factors that could make a plant more likely to suffer a black spot infection. Here are some of the most common:
  • Exposure to infected plants or mulch (the fungus overwinters on dead leaves)
  • Weakening from physical damage, pest infestation or other infections.
  • Increased periods of wet, humid, warm weather – or exposure to overhead watering
  • Plants growing too close together
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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Aged yellow and dry
plant poor
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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toxic

Heavenly bamboo and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Moderate Toxic to Humans
Moderate Toxic to Humans
The berries of heavenly bamboo are considered extremely toxic when ingested as they contain hydrogen cyanide. While death is an avoidable outcome, if the berries are consumed in large quantities cyanide poisoning can be fatal within minutes to hours. The most common side effects of heavenly bamboo berry ingestion are vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and sometimes seizures. Children are especially vulnerable as the bright red berries are attractive.
Toxic to Dogs
Toxic to Dogs
Dogs may encounter heavenly bamboo as a home decoration, but if they chew on this severely poisonous plant it's important to call the vet right away. The berries, leaves, and stems all contain cyanide, and can be fatal if ingested in large amounts. Symptoms of poisoning include vomiting, difficulty breathing, and a rapid heart rate.
Toxic to Cats
Toxic to Cats
Due to its high levels of cyanogenic glycosides, all parts of the heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica) plant are severely toxic to cats. Veterinary attention should be sought if any part of this plant is ingested. Although its bitter taste is a deterrent and pets will not usually consume large quantities of this plant, symptoms of ingestion can be severe and may include bright red mucus membranes, difficulty breathing, respiratory failure, coma, and even seizures.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
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Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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weed

Weed Control About Heavenly bamboo

Weeds
Heavenly bamboo is a vividly colored evergreen shrub, widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. However, it can also be highly invasive in forests in warm climates, and form impenetrable thickets that decrease plant diversity.
How to Control it
It's best to remove heavenly bamboo while it is young, as the roots become very fibrous once the plant reaches maturity. Young plants can be easily hand-pulled. Mature plants can be dug out with a garden fork. Go 15 to 25 cm deep and under the roots and work them out of the ground. Remove as much root as possible to prevent the plant from reemerging. You can curb the spread of heavenly bamboo in your garden by hand-plucking seedlings and cutting off fruits before they disperse seeds. In case of large-scale infestation, heavenly bamboo can also be treated with herbicides like glyphosate or triclopyr. Before using herbicides, consult an agricultural expert to find the best compound and application method for your geographical region. Read the instructions on the product label and follow them carefully. Spray on a windless day to avoid drift.
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distribution

Distribution of Heavenly bamboo

Habitat of Heavenly bamboo

Ravines and valleys in mountains
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Heavenly bamboo

Heavenly bamboo is native to South and Central China and India, and has been introduced to several other countries scattered around the globe. It is cultivated as an ornamental around the world, but can escape to thrive wild at forest edges and interiors. It is listed as invasive in several southeastern states in the US.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Heavenly Bamboo Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Heavenly bamboo originates from East Asia, including areas like Japan, China, and India, where it experiences humid subtropical climate conditions. Given its natural environment, heavenly bamboo leans towards a preference for moist, well-drained soil, reflecting its root in regions renowned for their high rainfall levels. It is crucial to maintain a watering regime that replicates, to an extent, the humid conditions of its native habitat, ensuring the soil never gets completely dry.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
Heavenly bamboo is an extremely sun-loving plant which thrives best under complete exposure to the sun but can also survive and grow sufficiently under moderate sunlight. Though the plant originates from an environment with abundant sunlight, too much light exposure can lead to scorched leaves while insufficient light may stunt its growth.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
-10 43 ℃
Heavenly bamboo prefers temperatures between 59 to 100 ℉ (15 to 38 ℃). This plant is suitable for growth in both hot and cold environments and can adapt to different temperature changes throughout the year. During the summer, it is recommended to provide some shade or misting to avoid heat stress. In winter, it can tolerate colder temperatures as low as 5 ℉ (-15 ℃) and will go dormant.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
4-6 feet
To achieve optimal growth, transplant your heavenly bamboo during the late spring to mid-summer season. This period offers suitable temperatures and moisture levels for better root establishment. Choose a well-drained location with partial to full sunlight. Be gentle with the root ball during transplant for best results.
Transplant Techniques
Overwinter
15 ℃
Hailing from eastern Asia's warmer climes, heavenly bamboo has a robust winter tolerance, staying evergreen in colder months. Its leaves transition to a charming red hue, enhancing its visual appeal. Despite its hardiness, heavenly bamboo needs a bit of winter aid. Ensuring a sunny location with good drainage is crucial. Mulching for root insulation and occasional watering during dry spells ensures heavenly bamboo thrives gracefully through winter.
Winter Techniques
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease majorly affecting Heavenly bamboo's leaves. It causes the emergence of brown spots, wilting, and, in severe cases, defoliation. The disease is known to impair Heavenly bamboo's health and aesthetic value.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common plant disease that notably affects Heavenly bamboo. Caused by various fungal pathogens, it triggers deteriorating leaf health and hampers the overall growth of the plant. As both a nuisance and threat to Heavenly bamboo, proactive management and preventative measures are crucial.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Moderate Toxic to Humans
The berries of heavenly bamboo are considered extremely toxic when ingested as they contain hydrogen cyanide. While death is an avoidable outcome, if the berries are consumed in large quantities cyanide poisoning can be fatal within minutes to hours. The most common side effects of heavenly bamboo berry ingestion are vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and sometimes seizures. Children are especially vulnerable as the bright red berries are attractive.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
East
Heavenly bamboo is generally considered a versatile addition to any Feng Shui design, owing to its vibrant leaves and berries that can represent a harmonious balance of energies. Facing East, heavenly bamboo can help attract positive growth and auspicious energy, as East symbolizes new beginnings and rejuvenation in Feng Shui practice.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Heavenly bamboo

Key lime
Key lime
Key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia) is an evergreen fruit tree famous for its golf-ball-sized green limes, which are used to make key lime pie and cocktails. It has dark green leaves and has sharp thorns. It blooms fragrant, white, star-shaped flowers in spring and produces fruit in summer. Grows in full sun with well-drained soil.
Red amaranth
Red amaranth
Red amaranth (*Amaranthus cruentus*) is grown wild not only for its beauty but also as a grain. It is prized for its crimson feather-like flowering plumes. The seeds of red amaranth can be cooked, popped overheat, or ground into flour. Like many types of Amaranthus cruentus, the leaves make a good substitute for spinach. Archaeological evidence suggests Aztec civilizations were already cultivating these plants as much as 6000 years ago.
Rose geranium
Rose geranium
The rose geranium (*Pelargonium graveolens*) is a shrub native to some nations in South Africa. The plant is desirable to many for its decorative purposes - attractive white to pink flower clusters and fruits that resemble that of a stork’s long beak. The plant leaves produce economically valuable rose-smelling essential oil for the perfume industry.
American bittersweet
American bittersweet
Bittersweet, american bittersweet, or Celastrus scandens, is a twining vine found growing in rich woodlands. The long trailing vines will grow up trees or sprawl into low-lying bushes. In the fall, the vines are graced with a red berry that appears to be wearing an orange jacket. While the vines and berries have ornamental and decorative uses, they are thought to be toxic to humans.
Japanese flowering quince
Japanese flowering quince
Japanese flowering quince is an easy-care plant that is known for its beautiful spring blooms and apple-shaped fruit. It grows to a small shrub and is also popular as a bonsai plant. When left raw the fruit of the quince is very tart and often too hard to eat, but it can be cooked and used for jams and jellies.
Carolina coralbead
Carolina coralbead
Carolina coralbead (Cocculus carolinus) is a plant species native to the eastern and central United States. Carolina coralbead generally grows in woodlands. This species is poisonous in large amounts. Carolina coralbead grows quickly in gardens.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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About
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Heavenly bamboo
Nandina domestica
Also known as: Sacred bamboo
Despite its name, heavenly bamboo is not actually bamboo at all but a semi-evergreen shrub. It gains its name because a casual observer may mistake it for actual bamboo. The bright red berries are a key distinguishing feature of this plant. They should be avoided, however, since they are toxic to most animals and humans alike.
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
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Sunlight
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Questions About Heavenly bamboo

Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
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Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Heavenly bamboo?
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What should I do if I water my Heavenly bamboo too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Heavenly bamboo?
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How much water does my Heavenly bamboo need?
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How can I water my Heavenly bamboo at different growth stages?
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Key Facts About Heavenly bamboo

Attributes of Heavenly bamboo

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Shrub
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Summer
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
1 m to 3 m
Spread
1.5 m
Leaf Color
Green
Red
Purple
Yellow
White
Variegated
Orange
Flower Size
6 mm to 7 mm
Flower Color
White
Fruit Color
Red
Stem Color
Green
Red
Purple
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Season
Spring
Growth Rate
Rapid
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Name story

Heavenly bamboo
This plant looks especially like bamboo because its leaves and vine-like stem are very similar to that of Poaceae plants from the family Gramineae. When it was first introduced into the United States, it was being treasured and it was believed that the plant could only be planted in sacred places. So, it was called heavenly bamboo.

Symbolism

Auspiciousness, good luck

Usages

Garden Use
Heavenly bamboo is often planted in gardens, green belts, and a variety of landscaping. It is appreciated for the distinctive colors of foliage and flowers, as well as for its thick clusters of bright berries that persist throughout the cold months of the year. Mass plantings can create excellent borders, foundation plantings, and hedges, although it is also suitable as a focal point in landscaping design. This species looks good alongside hostas and ornamental grasses, as well as flowers such as Camellias and Hellebores.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

The heavenly bamboo stems grow in clumps, and in autumn and winter the leaves gradually turn red and its branches are full of rich red fruits. It is a beautiful view in the autumn and cold winter gardens.

Scientific Classification of Heavenly bamboo

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Heavenly bamboo

Common issues for Heavenly bamboo based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease majorly affecting Heavenly bamboo's leaves. It causes the emergence of brown spots, wilting, and, in severe cases, defoliation. The disease is known to impair Heavenly bamboo's health and aesthetic value.
Learn More About the Brown blotch more
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common plant disease that notably affects Heavenly bamboo. Caused by various fungal pathogens, it triggers deteriorating leaf health and hampers the overall growth of the plant. As both a nuisance and threat to Heavenly bamboo, proactive management and preventative measures are crucial.
Learn More About the Leaf blight more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Learn More About the Brown spot more
Black spot
Black spot Black spot Black spot
Infection by the black spot pathogen causes black spots or patches to appear on leaves.
Solutions: Some steps to take to address black spot include: Prune away any infected leaves, cleaning the pruners between plants with a 10% bleach solution so that the fungus does not spread to healthy leaves. Don't compost pruned plant parts as the spores can linger in the soil for a long period of time - instead, dispose of them in the trash. Use an approved fungicide such as Trifloxystrobin, Chlorothalonil, Maneb, or Myclobutanil. Use a spreader in the fungicide spray to ensure better coverage.
Learn More About the Black spot more
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Learn More About the Leaf beetles more
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
Brown spot is a fungal disease majorly affecting Heavenly bamboo's leaves. It causes the emergence of brown spots, wilting, and, in severe cases, defoliation. The disease is known to impair Heavenly bamboo's health and aesthetic value.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Heavenly bamboo initially develops small brown spots on its leaves, which gradually enlarge, leading to leaf discoloration. The margins of the spots may show a yellow halo. It can eventually result in defoliation in severe cases.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Fungal pathogen
Brown spot is primarily caused by the pathogen Bipolaris oryzae that thrives in warm, wet climates, infecting the foliage
2
Environmental Conditions
Overcrowding, poor air circulation, excess watering and high humidity levels enhance the persistence and spread of the disease.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Non pesticide
Trimming: Regularly trim infected leaf surfaces and dispose of them responsibly to minimize the spread of spores

Improving conditions: Increase sunlight exposure and improve air circulation to decrease humidity, inhibit fungal growth and prevent disease recurrence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Apply copper-based fungicides or other systemic fungicides to control the disease spread. Ensure to follow the product's instructions and safety standards.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
Leaf blight is a common plant disease that notably affects Heavenly bamboo. Caused by various fungal pathogens, it triggers deteriorating leaf health and hampers the overall growth of the plant. As both a nuisance and threat to Heavenly bamboo, proactive management and preventative measures are crucial.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Heavenly bamboo affected by Leaf blight shows initial symptoms of yellowing leaves (chlorosis), followed by the appearance of brown or black spots. Regular and unchecked progression leads to wilting leaves and overall plant weakness.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Fungi
The main factor causing Leaf blight is an infection by fungal pathogens, primarily Alternaria and Phytophthora species.
2
Environmental conditions
High humidity, excessive watering, and poor ventilation encourage fungal growth, making Heavenly bamboo susceptible to the disease.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Heavenly bamboo?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Clean fallen debris and infected leaves to halt fungi spread.

Pruning: Prune infected branches to prevent disease progression in Heavenly bamboo.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Treat with Copper-based fungicides which have proved effective against Leaf blight.

Systemic fungicides: These, though more aggressive, can cure Heavenly bamboo by treating not just symptoms but also the root cause of infection.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Black spot
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Black spot
Infection by the black spot pathogen causes black spots or patches to appear on leaves.
Overview
Overview
Black spot is a fungus that largely attacks leaves on a variety of ornamental plants, leaving them covered in dark spots ringed with yellow, and eventually killing them. The fungus is often simply unsightly, but if it infects the whole plant it can interfere with photosynthesis by killing too many leaves. Because of this, it is important to be aware of the best methods for preventing and treating this diseases should it occur in the garden.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are a few of the most common symptoms of black spot:
  • The plant has developed small black spots along the leaves.
  • These spots be small, circular, and clustered together, or they may have a splotchy appearance and take up large portions of the leaves.
  • The fungus may also affect plant canes, where lesions start purple and then turn black.
  • The plant may suffer premature leaf drop.
Though most forms of black spot fungus pose little risk to a plant's overall health, many gardeners find them unsightly. Severe cases can also weaken a plant, so it becomes more susceptible to other pathogens and diseases.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Black spot is spread by various types of fungi, which differ slightly depending on whether they are in their sexual or asexual stages.
The fungal spores linger over the winter in fallen leaves and lesions on canes. In the spring, the spores are splashed up onto the leaves, causing infection within seven hours of moisture and when temperatures range between 24 to 29 ℃ with a high relative humidity.
In just two weeks, thousands of additional spores are produced, making it easy for the disease to infect nearby healthy plants as well.
There are several factors that could make a plant more likely to suffer a black spot infection. Here are some of the most common:
  • Exposure to infected plants or mulch (the fungus overwinters on dead leaves)
  • Weakening from physical damage, pest infestation or other infections.
  • Increased periods of wet, humid, warm weather – or exposure to overhead watering
  • Plants growing too close together
Solutions
Solutions
Some steps to take to address black spot include:
  • Prune away any infected leaves, cleaning the pruners between plants with a 10% bleach solution so that the fungus does not spread to healthy leaves.
  • Don't compost pruned plant parts as the spores can linger in the soil for a long period of time - instead, dispose of them in the trash.
  • Use an approved fungicide such as Trifloxystrobin, Chlorothalonil, Maneb, or Myclobutanil.
  • Use a spreader in the fungicide spray to ensure better coverage.
Prevention
Prevention
Here are a few tips to prevent black spot outbreaks.
  • Purchase resistant varieties: Invest in fungus-resistant plant varieties to reduce the chances for black spot diseases.
  • Remove infected plant debris: Fungi can overwinter in contaminated plant debris, so remove all fallen leaves from infected plants as soon as possible.
  • Rake and discard fallen leaves in the fall.
  • Prune regularly.
  • Water carefully: Fungal diseases spread when plants stay in moist conditions and when water droplets splash contaminated soil on plant leaves. Control these factors by only watering infected plants when the top few inches of soil are dry, and by watering at soil level to reduce splashback. Adding a layer of mulch to the soil will also reduce splashing.
  • Grow plants in an open, sunny locations so the foliage dries quickly.
  • Follow spacing guidelines when planting and avoid natural windbreaks for good air circulation.
  • Use chemical control: Regular doses of a fungicide, especially in the spring, can stop an outbreak before it begins.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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toxic

Heavenly bamboo and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Moderate Toxic to Humans
The berries of heavenly bamboo are considered extremely toxic when ingested as they contain hydrogen cyanide. While death is an avoidable outcome, if the berries are consumed in large quantities cyanide poisoning can be fatal within minutes to hours. The most common side effects of heavenly bamboo berry ingestion are vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and sometimes seizures. Children are especially vulnerable as the bright red berries are attractive.
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Toxic to Dogs
Dogs may encounter heavenly bamboo as a home decoration, but if they chew on this severely poisonous plant it's important to call the vet right away. The berries, leaves, and stems all contain cyanide, and can be fatal if ingested in large amounts. Symptoms of poisoning include vomiting, difficulty breathing, and a rapid heart rate.
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Toxic to Cats
Due to its high levels of cyanogenic glycosides, all parts of the heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica) plant are severely toxic to cats. Veterinary attention should be sought if any part of this plant is ingested. Although its bitter taste is a deterrent and pets will not usually consume large quantities of this plant, symptoms of ingestion can be severe and may include bright red mucus membranes, difficulty breathing, respiratory failure, coma, and even seizures.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
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Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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weed

Weed Control About Heavenly bamboo

weed
Weeds
Heavenly bamboo is a vividly colored evergreen shrub, widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. However, it can also be highly invasive in forests in warm climates, and form impenetrable thickets that decrease plant diversity.
How to Control it
It's best to remove heavenly bamboo while it is young, as the roots become very fibrous once the plant reaches maturity. Young plants can be easily hand-pulled. Mature plants can be dug out with a garden fork. Go 15 to 25 cm deep and under the roots and work them out of the ground. Remove as much root as possible to prevent the plant from reemerging. You can curb the spread of heavenly bamboo in your garden by hand-plucking seedlings and cutting off fruits before they disperse seeds. In case of large-scale infestation, heavenly bamboo can also be treated with herbicides like glyphosate or triclopyr. Before using herbicides, consult an agricultural expert to find the best compound and application method for your geographical region. Read the instructions on the product label and follow them carefully. Spray on a windless day to avoid drift.
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distribution

Distribution of Heavenly bamboo

Habitat of Heavenly bamboo

Ravines and valleys in mountains
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Heavenly bamboo

Heavenly bamboo is native to South and Central China and India, and has been introduced to several other countries scattered around the globe. It is cultivated as an ornamental around the world, but can escape to thrive wild at forest edges and interiors. It is listed as invasive in several southeastern states in the US.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Water
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Heavenly Bamboo Watering Instructions
Heavenly bamboo originates from East Asia, including areas like Japan, China, and India, where it experiences humid subtropical climate conditions. Given its natural environment, heavenly bamboo leans towards a preference for moist, well-drained soil, reflecting its root in regions renowned for their high rainfall levels. It is crucial to maintain a watering regime that replicates, to an extent, the humid conditions of its native habitat, ensuring the soil never gets completely dry.
When Should I Water My Heavenly Bamboo?
Importance of Timely Watering
Proper timing of watering the heavenly bamboo plant plays a pivotal role in its growth and survival. Adequately watering at the right moments aids in maintaining its moisture levels necessary for optimal growth.
Soil Dryness
One of the primary indicators that the heavenly bamboo plant needs water is the dryness of the soil. To evaluate the moisture condition, insert the tip of your finger about an inch into the soil. If it feels dry, it is an indication that watering is needed.
Wilting of the Leaves
The wilting of the leaves can be a clear sign that your heavenly bamboo plant requires watering. But be careful, overwatering can also cause wilting. So, it is crucial to check the soil moisture before watering to ensure it is not already overly moist.
Leaf Discoloration
Yellowing or browning at the leaf tips signals that your heavenly bamboo plant is not receiving adequate water. The discoloration usually begins at the edges and works its way inward if the plant remains under-watered.
Slow Growth
If the heavenly bamboo plant is growing slower than the standard rate, it could be a sign of inadequate water intake. However, slow growth can also be a sign of other issues, so it is necessary to look for other signs as well.
Potential Risks
Irregular watering or ignoring the signs of watering need can have severe effects on the plant. Overwatering may lead to root rot that can eventually kill the plant. On the contrary, consistent under-watering leads the plant to a water-stressed state, causing leaf fall and leading to eventual plant death.
Key Takeaway
The heavenly bamboo plant, like any other, faces a fine line between over-watering and under-watering. Assessing the signs accurately to determine the best time to water eliminates the risk of both extremes. A keen and regular inspection allows for prompt action and a healthier plant.
How Should I Water My Heavenly Bamboo?
Watering Requirements
Heavenly bamboo, also known as Heavenly bamboo, has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
It is important to water heavenly bamboo deeply and thoroughly, allowing the water to penetrate the root zone. While overhead watering can be used occasionally, bottom-watering is generally recommended as the most effective method for watering this plant. To bottom-water heavenly bamboo, place the pot in a tray or saucer filled with water and allow the roots to absorb water from the bottom up. This helps prevent excess moisture on the foliage and encourages deep root growth.
Special Tools
Using a moisture meter can be beneficial for monitoring the moisture level of heavenly bamboo's soil. This tool provides an accurate reading of soil moisture and helps determine when watering is needed. Additionally, using a watering can with a narrow spout is ideal for directing the water flow to the base of the plant and avoiding excessive wetting of the foliage.
Key Areas to Focus On
When watering heavenly bamboo, focus on delivering the water directly to the root zone. Aim to keep the foliage dry to reduce the risk of fungal diseases. Watering the base of the plant thoroughly will ensure that the root system receives adequate hydration.
Key Areas to Avoid
Avoid watering heavenly bamboo too frequently or allowing it to sit in standing water, as this can lead to root rot. Additionally, avoid wetting the foliage excessively, as it can encourage the development of fungal diseases.
Additional Tips
In addition to proper watering techniques, it is important to provide well-draining soil for heavenly bamboo to prevent waterlogged conditions. Regularly check the moisture level of the soil by inserting your finger into the top inch. Water only when the soil feels dry at this depth.
How Much Water Does Heavenly Bamboo Really Need?
Introduction
Heavenly bamboo originating from East Asia, primarily China and Japan, is used to a well-drained soil and good moisture levels. Naturally, it grows in woodlands and forest clearings, hence, it can manage with varying degrees of moisture and water availability.
Pot Size and Water Quantity
The amount of water heavenly bamboo needs largely depends on the size of the container it is potted in. For a small pot (about 15cm in diameter), approximately 500ml of water - enough to make the soil thoroughly moist but not soggy, is generally sufficient. An increased pot size will require a proportionate increase in water volume.
Root Depth and Water Quantity
Heavenly bamboo's root system is moderately deep-rooted, requiring a thorough soaking ensuring the water reaches the bottom of the pot. The roots tend to grow between 20-30cm deep in ideal conditions, thus, the water should penetrate at least into this depth.
Plant Size and Water Quantity
Heavenly bamboo can grow to a height of about 2m with a similar spread in the right growing conditions. Larger, full-grown heavenly bamboo specimens would require watering with at least 1-2 liters of water, ensuring all parts of the root-ball are adequately moistened.
Signs of Correct Watering
After watering, the soil should feel moist but not waterlogged. If the leaves remain turgid and maintain a good color, this is a sign heavenly bamboo has received the right amount of water. Signs of over-watering include yellowing leaves and a declining plant vigor, while under-watering typically results in wilting or drooping foliage.
Implications of Wrong Water Quantity
Over-watering can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases in heavenly bamboo, while under-watering can stress the plant, stunting its growth and potentially leading to leaf drop. Both situations can eventually lead to heavenly bamboo's death if not corrected in time.
How Often Should I Water Heavenly Bamboo?
Every 1-2 weeks
Watering Frequency
Smart Seasonal Watering
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Heavenly Bamboo?
Water Sensitivity
Moderate - heavenly bamboo prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Distilled Water: Ideal for heavenly bamboo as it is free of impurities and minerals. Rainwater: Suitable for heavenly bamboo as it is natural and usually has a balanced pH level. However, be cautious of air pollution and contaminants. Filtered Water: A good alternative to rainwater, as long as it removes harmful contaminants and minerals. Tap Water: Can be used if no other water sources are available. However, heavenly bamboo may be sensitive to certain elements or treatments in tap water.
Chlorine Sensitivity
Moderate - heavenly bamboo may be sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can cause leaf burn and impact overall health.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Moderate - heavenly bamboo may be sensitive to fluoride in tap water, which can cause leaf burn and impact overall health. It is best to use water with low fluoride content.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least 24 hours before using it on heavenly bamboo. This allows chlorine to evaporate and makes it safer for the plant. Filtration: Use a water filter to remove chlorine, fluoride, and other harmful elements from tap water before using it on heavenly bamboo.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate - heavenly bamboo generally prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Heavenly Bamboo's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water heavenly bamboo in Spring?
During spring, heavenly bamboo starts new growth which requires more water than in winter. The soil should be kept moist, but careful not to overwater. Rainfall in spring will generally provide enough water, but during a dry spell it's important to water regularly.
How to Water heavenly bamboo in Summer?
In the summer months, heavenly bamboo flourishes the most. Due to increased sunlight and heavenly bamboo's active growth phase, ensure the top inch of soil remains consistently moist. However, heavenly bamboo can tolerate mild drought conditions so avoid soggy soil conditions to prevent root rot.
How to Water heavenly bamboo in Autumn?
As autumn approaches, heavenly bamboo starts to enter its dormant period, thus reducing its water needs. It's important to slowly decrease watering, allowing only the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. The goal is to keep the soil slightly moist and not overwater.
How to Water heavenly bamboo in Winter?
During winter, heavenly bamboo is in its dormancy period. It significantly reduces its water needs, therefore, water only when the top layer of soil becomes fairly dry. Be mindful of any water that can freeze and damage the roots, hence it's recommended to water during midday when temperatures are mild.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Heavenly Bamboo Watering Routine?
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can help assess heavenly bamboo's deeper soil moisture needs and prevent over or under-watering. This plant prefers its soil to be mostly dry before the next watering, and a meter can effectively measure this.
Watering Time
Watering heavenly bamboo early in the morning allows the water to penetrate the soil thoroughly before the high evaporation rates of mid-day. It also helps prevent fungal diseases by minimizing the plant's exposure to dampness.
Common Misconception
Many people mistakenly believe that heavenly bamboo requires constant watering, but it is actually quite drought-tolerant. Over-watering can lead to root rot and other issues. It's important to only water when the top few inches of soil are dry.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Heavenly Bamboo?
Overview of Hydroponics
Heavenly bamboo benefits from hydroponic cultivation as it allows for precise control of nutrient availability and water supply. This method eliminates the use of soil, reducing the risk of soil-borne diseases and providing a clean growing environment. Hydroponics also promotes faster growth and higher yields compared to traditional soil-based cultivation.
Best Hydroponic System
The nutrient film technique (NFT) is well-suited for heavenly bamboo due to its shallow root system. NFT involves a thin film of nutrient-rich water continuously flowing over the roots, ensuring a constant supply of nutrients and oxygen. The shallow roots of heavenly bamboo can easily extract nutrients from this system, promoting healthy growth and preventing waterlogging.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
Heavenly bamboo prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth. The recommended nutrient concentrations are 13-25 ppm nitrogen, 4-8 ppm phosphorus, and 30-60 ppm potassium. The solution should also contain micronutrients such as iron, manganese, and zinc. It's essential to monitor the nutrient levels regularly and adjust accordingly to prevent deficiencies or excesses.
Challenges and Common Issues
Root rot can be a common issue in hydroponic systems if the water becomes stagnant. It is crucial to maintain proper oxygenation by using an air stone or air pump. Nutrient imbalances can occur if the solution is not adequately adjusted, leading to stunted growth or leaf discoloration. Additionally, heavenly bamboo requires sufficient light exposure of at least 12-14 hours per day. Inadequate lighting can result in leggy growth or reduced foliage.
Monitoring Plant Health
Regularly check the roots for any signs of rot or discoloration. Wilting or yellowing leaves may indicate nutrient deficiencies or imbalances. Monitor the pH levels of the nutrient solution daily using a pH meter and adjust as needed. Insufficient water uptake may be a sign of root damage or clogging, requiring immediate attention.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
During the vegetative stage, heavenly bamboo benefits from higher nitrogen levels to promote leaf and stem growth. As it transitions to the flowering stage, increase the phosphorus and potassium levels to support flower development. Adjust the lighting intensity based on the plant's growth stage, providing more intense light during flowering. Regularly clean and maintain the hydroponic system to prevent algae growth and mineral buildup.
Nutrient Solution pH
Heavenly bamboo prefers a slightly acidic pH range of 5.8-6.2 for optimal nutrient uptake and growth.
Nutrient Solution Change Frequency
Change the nutrient solution every 2-3 weeks or as needed to maintain proper nutrient concentrations and prevent nutrient deficiencies.
Lighting Requirements
Heavenly bamboo requires at least 12-14 hours of light per day. Use full spectrum LED grow lights or natural sunlight to provide the necessary light intensity for robust growth.
Root Rot Prevention
To prevent root rot, ensure proper oxygenation of the nutrient solution by using an air stone or air pump. Maintain proper water temperature between 65-75°F (18-24°C) and avoid overwatering or allowing stagnant water to accumulate.
Common Symptoms of Nutrient Imbalances
Yellowing leaves may indicate nitrogen deficiency, while brown spots or necrotic edges can indicate potassium deficiency. Phosphorus deficiency may result in stunted growth and purple or dark foliage. Monitor the plant closely and adjust the nutrient solution accordingly.
Light Intensity Adjustment
During the vegetative stage, provide a light intensity of 600-800 µmol/m²/s. In the flowering stage, increase the intensity to 800-1000 µmol/m²/s for optimal flower development. Regularly monitor and adjust the height and intensity of the grow lights based on the plant's response.
Cleaning and Maintenance
Clean the hydroponic system regularly to prevent algae growth and mineral buildup. Remove any dead foliage or debris from the system. Inspect the system for any clogs or leaks, and address them promptly to maintain optimal plant health.
Pruning and Training
Prune heavenly bamboo to maintain a desired shape and remove any dead or diseased foliage. Use clean, sterilized pruning tools to prevent the spread of diseases. Consider training techniques such as topping or bending to promote bushier growth and enhance light penetration.
Temperature and Humidity
Maintain a temperature range of 65-75°F (18-24°C) for optimal growth. Avoid temperature fluctuations or extremes as they can stress the plant. Keep the humidity levels around 50-60% to prevent excessive moisture or dryness.
Key Takeaways
Heavenly bamboo thrives in a hydroponic system using the nutrient film technique (NFT). Maintain a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 and essential micronutrients. Monitor the plant closely for signs of nutrient deficiencies, root rot, or inadequate lighting. Adjust the hydroponic environment based on the plant's growth stages and specific needs. Regularly clean and maintain the system to prevent algae growth and mineral buildup. With proper care, heavenly bamboo can flourish in a water-based environment and provide an attractive addition to any indoor garden.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Heavenly bamboo is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, root rot, leaf drop...
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Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Leaf drop
When plants are overwatered, they may shed their leaves as a response to stress, even if the leaves appear green and healthy.
Mold and mildew
Overwatered plants create a damp environment that can encourage the growth of mold and mildew on soil.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
Heavenly bamboo is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, leaf drop...
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Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dry stems
Due to insufficient water, plant stems may become dry or brittle, making the branches easy to break.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Heavenly Bamboo
Why does my heavenly bamboo have yellow leaves?
Yellow leaves on your heavenly bamboo can indicate overwatering. This plant prefers dry soil and may suffer from root rot if left in standing water for too long. Improve soil drainage and reduce watering frequency. Only water once the top few inches of soil are dry.
The leaves of my heavenly bamboo are turning brown and crispy. What should I do?
Browning, crispy leaves can be a sign of underwatering. Heavenly bamboo requires consistent moisture, particularly during dry seasons or when planted in full sun. Water the plant regularly, soaking the soil thoroughly when you water, and allow the soil to partly dry out before re-watering.
My heavenly bamboo is wilting despite regular watering. What's going wrong?
Wilting can be a response to both overwatering and underwatering. If the soil is wet and soggy, you're likely overwatering. In this case, let the soil dry out before watering again. If the soil is dry, you're likely not watering enough. Increase watering without flooding the plant.
Why are my heavenly bamboo's leaves dropping off?
If your heavenly bamboo is shedding leaves, it could be due to overwatering. This plant prefers slightly dry conditions. Excessive watering can lead to root rot, causing leaves to drop. Reduce watering and ensure the plant has adequate drainage.
Can under watering cause leaf spots on my heavenly bamboo?
Leaf spots on your heavenly bamboo may not be directly caused by under watering but by a fungal or bacterial infection due to stressed conditions. By providing appropriate watering, ensuring the plant's leaves are kept dry and promoting good air circulation, you can help it fend off these pathogens.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Heavenly bamboo is an extremely sun-loving plant which thrives best under complete exposure to the sun but can also survive and grow sufficiently under moderate sunlight. Though the plant originates from an environment with abundant sunlight, too much light exposure can lead to scorched leaves while insufficient light may stunt its growth.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Heavenly bamboo thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your heavenly bamboo may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Heavenly bamboo enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Heavenly bamboo thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Heavenly bamboo prefers temperatures between 59 to 100 ℉ (15 to 38 ℃). This plant is suitable for growth in both hot and cold environments and can adapt to different temperature changes throughout the year. During the summer, it is recommended to provide some shade or misting to avoid heat stress. In winter, it can tolerate colder temperatures as low as 5 ℉ (-15 ℃) and will go dormant.
Regional wintering strategies
Heavenly bamboo has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by wrapping the trunk and branches with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Heavenly bamboo is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, the branches may become brittle and dry during springtime, and no new shoots will emerge.
Solutions
In spring, prune away any dead branches that have failed to produce new leaves.
High Temperature
During summer, Heavenly bamboo should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, the tips may become dry and withered, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Heavenly Bamboo?
To achieve optimal growth, transplant your heavenly bamboo during the late spring to mid-summer season. This period offers suitable temperatures and moisture levels for better root establishment. Choose a well-drained location with partial to full sunlight. Be gentle with the root ball during transplant for best results.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Heavenly Bamboo?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Heavenly Bamboo?
The perfect time to transplant heavenly bamboo is during the warmer months, typically from late spring to midsummer. This timing promotes faster root establishment, ensuring a beautiful and healthy plant. Happy transplanting!
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Heavenly Bamboo Plants?
Start by giving your heavenly bamboo some space to grow. Aim for a distance of about 4-6 feet (1.2-1.8 meters) apart when transplanting, which will allow enough room for proper growth and development.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Heavenly Bamboo Transplanting?
For successful transplanting, prepare the soil with well-draining and fertile mix composed of loamy or sandy soil type. Add some organic matter such as compost or aged manure to enrich the base soil and nutrients for your heavenly bamboo.
Where Should You Relocate Your Heavenly Bamboo?
Choose a spot that receives full sunlight or partial shade, as heavenly bamboo needs at least 4-6 hours of sunlight per day. Avoid locations with intense sunlight all day, as it may cause leaf scorching and may stifle growth.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Heavenly Bamboo?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and plant.
Shovel or Spade
To dig holes and trenches for transplanting.
Pruner
To prune the heavenly bamboo and trim unwanted stems or branches.
Watering Can or Hose
To water the heavenly bamboo during the transplanting process.
Wheelbarrow or Plant Tray
To move the heavenly bamboo's root ball from the original location to the transplant site.
Organic Compost or Slow-Release Fertilizer
To provide nutrients and improve soil structure for successful transplanting.
How Do You Remove Heavenly Bamboo from the Soil?
- From Ground: First, water the heavenly bamboo plant to dampen the soil, which will help keep the root ball intact. Then, dig a wide trench around the plant using a shovel or spade, ensuring the plant's root ball stays whole. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
- From Pot: Water the heavenly bamboo plant in its pot to dampen the soil. Gently tip the pot sideways and tap on its bottom to loosen the soil. Carefully slide the plant with the root ball out of the pot, taking care not to damage the roots.
- From Seedling Tray: Water the heavenly bamboo seedlings to moisten the soil. Gently push each seedling from the bottom of the tray to dislodge it or use a small garden tool to ease the seedlings out. Handle the seedlings carefully by their leaves, avoiding touching the delicate root systems.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Heavenly Bamboo
Step1 Preparation
Prepare the new planting site by digging a hole that is twice as wide and deep as the heavenly bamboo's root ball. Mix in organic compost or slow-release fertilizer with the excavated soil.
Step2 Planting
Place the heavenly bamboo's root ball in the center of the hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the surrounding soil. Fill in the area around the root ball with the amended soil, gently firming it down to eliminate air pockets.
Step3 Watering
Water the heavenly bamboo thoroughly after planting to help settle the soil around the roots and eliminate any remaining air pockets. Be careful not to overwater, as it may cause root rot.
Step4 Mulching
Add a layer of mulch around the base of the heavenly bamboo to help conserve moisture, regulate soil temperature, and suppress weeds. Make sure not to pile the mulch against the plant stem to avoid potential diseases.
How Do You Care For Heavenly Bamboo After Transplanting?
Watering
Water the heavenly bamboo regularly during the first few weeks after transplanting, keeping the soil consistently moist but not soggy. Gradually reduce watering frequency as the plant establishes itself.
Pruning
Prune the heavenly bamboo to maintain its shape and encourage branching. Be cautious not to overprune, as it may stress the plant.
Monitoring
Keep an eye on the heavenly bamboo for signs of stress, pests, or diseases. Address any issues promptly to prevent them from escalating.
Feeding
Wait for a few months to let the heavenly bamboo recover from transplanting, then provide a slow-release or liquid fertilizer following the label instructions for best results.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Heavenly Bamboo Transplantation.
When is the ideal time to transplant heavenly bamboo?
The best time to transplant heavenly bamboo is from late spring to mid-summer, ensuring optimal growth.
What is the suitable spacing between heavenly bamboo plants?
Ideal spacing for heavenly bamboo plants is around 4-6 feet (1.2-1.8 meters) apart for healthy growth.
How much soil should I remove from the heavenly bamboo rootball?
Carefully remove enough soil to expose the roots, but avoid damaging the root system.
What type of soil is best for transplanting heavenly bamboo?
A well-draining, organically rich soil is ideal for transplanting and nurturing a thriving heavenly bamboo.
Should I trim heavenly bamboo during the transplanting?
Prune any broken or dead branches, but avoid excessive trimming to encourage healthy growth.
How deep should the new hole be for transplanting heavenly bamboo?
Dig a hole twice as wide and the same depth as the rootball, ensuring stability.
How much water should I provide for heavenly bamboo after transplanting?
Water thoroughly after transplanting, and then maintain a consistent watering schedule as heavenly bamboo establishes.
How should I protect heavenly bamboo from transplant shock?
Minimize root damage during transplant, water adequately, and ensure proper soil conditions to avoid shock.
Do I need to fertilize heavenly bamboo immediately after transplanting?
Wait 2-3 weeks before applying a balanced, slow-release fertilizer, ensuring optimal nutrient absorption.
What are some common signs of transplant stress in heavenly bamboo?
Stress signs include wilting leaves, yellowing foliage, and reduced growth. Ensure proper care during transplant.
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Toxic
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Summarization
Moderate Toxic to Humans
Human
Toxic to Pets
Pets
AllParts
Toxic parts
Swallowed
Effect methods
Is Heavenly Bamboo toxic to human?
The berries of heavenly bamboo are considered extremely toxic when ingested as they contain hydrogen cyanide. While death is an avoidable outcome, if the berries are consumed in large quantities cyanide poisoning can be fatal within minutes to hours. The most common side effects of heavenly bamboo berry ingestion are vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and sometimes seizures. Children are especially vulnerable as the bright red berries are attractive.
Is Heavenly Bamboo toxic to dog?
Dogs may encounter heavenly bamboo as a home decoration, but if they chew on this severely poisonous plant it's important to call the vet right away. The berries, leaves, and stems all contain cyanide, and can be fatal if ingested in large amounts. Symptoms of poisoning include vomiting, difficulty breathing, and a rapid heart rate.
Is Heavenly Bamboo toxic to cat?
Due to its high levels of cyanogenic glycosides, all parts of the heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica) plant are severely toxic to cats. Veterinary attention should be sought if any part of this plant is ingested. Although its bitter taste is a deterrent and pets will not usually consume large quantities of this plant, symptoms of ingestion can be severe and may include bright red mucus membranes, difficulty breathing, respiratory failure, coma, and even seizures.
How to identify Heavenly Bamboo
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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