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Hens and chicks
Hens and chicks
Hens and chicks
Sempervivum tectorum var. calcareum
Also known as : Mrs giuseppi, Old man & woman
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
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Care Guide for Hens and chicks

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Deadhead (or remove) withered flowers after flowering.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Neutral, Slightly alkaline
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Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
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Hens and chicks
Water
Water
Every 2-3 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
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Questions About Hens and chicks

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What should I do if I water my Hens and chicks too much or too little?
Underwatered Hens and chicks Hens and chicks and other succulents can endure long periods without water, so it’s unusual to find one of these suffering from underwatering. But, if you somehow forgot about your plant and neglected to water it for a month or more, you’ll probably find your Hens and chicks looking thirsty or with some damage from lack of watering. It is very easy to identify an underwatered Hens and chicks. Plant look lacklustre and wrinkled. Some may have dried up completely, turned brown and crispy, or dropped off the plant. And of course, the soil will be completely dried out. If your Hens and chicks is thirsty and underwatered, give it plenty of water as soon as possible. Submerging the pot entirely in water for about 5-10 minutes is a good way to make sure the soil and plant are rehydrated properly. When you feel a sense of moisture on the surface of the soil with your finger, it means the watering is done properly. Overwatered Hens and chicks Overwatering is dangerous to Hens and chicks and can be fatal to your plant if you don’t remedy the situation. Too much moisture over time leads to root rot, which prevents the roots from being able to absorb nutrients and water from the soil. Root rot occurs when wet conditions allow fungi and bacteria to flourish in the soil and feed on roots. When you find that it's overwatered, you'd better change the growing conditions, place it somewhere with more air ventilation and adjust water frequency, for example. The symptoms of overwatering are yellow, swollen, and translucent organs that may even burst open from being over-full with water. If the problem continues without being treated, plant might turn brown or black, and fall off the plant at the slightest touch. Be sure to check the soil to determine if overwatering is the culprit, as some other issues can cause similar symptoms. It’s a bit difficult (but not impossible) to save an overwatered plant. The key is catching it early before a lot of damage has occurred. If the roots become rotten, it is likely to kill the entire plant. If you suspect you have overwatered your Hens and chicks, the first step is to remove it from its pot and check the roots and soil. After removing the plant from its pot, gently remove wet soil from around the roots and then rinse them clean in room-temperature water. This helps with removing fungus that might be lurking in the soil and allows you to get a better sense of how healthy the roots are. If your plant has already developed root rot, you will see roots that are dark brown or black, soft, mushy, or slimy. If the majority of the roots are already affected by root rot, it may not be possible to save the plant. In this case, it is best to remove any healthy stem and try to use these to propagate a new Hens and chicks. If, on the other hand, only a portion of the roots have succumbed to rot and other healthy roots still remain, there is a chance it can be saved. Use a sterilized cutting tool to remove any unhealthy-looking roots. Once you're left with only the firm, pale roots, it’s a good idea to dip them in a fungicide to kill off any remaining spores. After that you can repot your Hens and chicks in fresh, free-draining potting soil. While this does not always work to save a succulent with root rot, in most cases this plant will be able to make a full recovery and will put out new growth starting in the next growing season.
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How often should I water my Hens and chicks?
There’s not a hard-and-fast rule for how often to water Hens and chicks. The best way to determine this is to check the soil and only water when it’s bone dry. You can either stick your finger in the pot or use a moisture meter to check the soil below the surface. When you plant it in a deep pot, you can do this with a stick or chopstick. If it feels even a little bit moist, wait a few days and check it again. Most people will need to water Hens and chicks about every two weeks in summer and once a month in winter, but there are several factors that can change the frequency. The section below lists some considerations that can help you to determine how often to water.
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What should I consider when watering my Hens and chicks?
There are several environmental conditions that will affect how your Hens and chicks needs to be watered, including the container size, soil type, temperature, and humidity. First off, the container and soil you use will determine how often to water and how much water to use each time. Be sure you use a container with plenty of drainage holes in the bottom so extra water can escape the pot. A small container has less room for soil, meaning it won’t hold as much moisture, while a larger pot will stay wet longer and need to be watered less often. It’s important not to keep your Hens and chicks in an oversized pot as this can easily lead to overwatering. When repotting, move to just one size larger than the current container. A shallow container works better than a deep one, since Hens and chicks has shallow root systems. Hens and chicks will need to be watered less often in winter and more often in the active growing season in spring and autumn. During the winter, growth slows down considerably and the plant isn’t using much energy or water. There is less water lost to evaporation in cooler winter air, meaning that soil stays wet for much longer than it would in the summer. This also applies to the general climate around your home. If you live in a humid location with a lot of rain, you will need to water less often than if you live in a dry, arid climate. Remember that conditions at the same geographic location can vary significantly with the season and the use of indoor heating and air conditioning. Outdoor Planting If Hens and chicks is planted in the ground, after establishing a root system, it shouldn’t need supplemental water beyond what it receives through precipitation and dew. But if there is a long dry period, you may want to water occasionally. In other areas where Hens and chicks can only be grown in a container, this plant can be moved outside in the spring and summer when the temperature is proper and then brought back inside when temperatures start to drop. A potted Hens and chicks kept outside usually needs more water than the same plant kept indoors, because there is a lot more sun exposure even on a shaded porch.
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How to water Hens and chicks?
The best way to water Hens and chicks is to soak it thoroughly and then allow it to dry out before it gets watered again. Since this plant is somewhat drought tolerant, you can let it get quite dry before watering again. It is always better to give this type of plant too little water over too much. When you water, make sure the soil gets thoroughly soaked throughout the whole pot. Don’t pour the water in just one spot, but rather try to go around the whole rim of the planter to be sure that it has a chance to get wet on all sides of the plant. The correct amount of water will depend on the size of your container and how much water your soil absorbs. Give your Hens and chicks enough water that it drains out from the drainage holes and then (ideally) leave the drained water in the saucer for about 20-30 minutes to absorb into dry pockets of soil. After that, discard any excess water that’s still in the saucer to avoid the soil getting waterlogged. Bottom-watering is also an excellent method for Hens and chicks, as you can be sure that the soil gets thoroughly moistened. This process involves placing the pot into a saucer of water and allowing the soil to absorb moisture through the drainage holes. You will know that the soil has absorbed enough water when the top layer is moist. This takes a bit more time than top-watering, but is almost foolproof in getting an even distribution of water throughout the pot. The original habitat of Hens and chicks is relatively dry with little rain, but when it rains, the soil will be thoroughly moistened. So you can mimic this situation by bottom-watering your plant when the soil is totally dry. Deep soil bathing is better than frequent light watering for Hens and chicks.
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Key Facts About Hens and chicks

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Attributes of Hens and chicks

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Succulent
Bloom Time
Summer
Plant Height
20 cm
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
4 mm to 1.6 cm
Flower Color
Pink
Purple
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
5 - 35 ℃

Scientific Classification of Hens and chicks

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Common Pests & Diseases About Hens and chicks

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Common issues for Hens and chicks based on 10 million real cases
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a common plant disease that affects Hens and chicks. When infected, the leaf tips of Hens and chicks dry out and shrivel, displaying symptoms of dehydration. Besides distressing the plant's aesthetic appeal, it also hinders its overall growth and development.
Low light
Low light Low light
Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Soft rot
Soft rot Soft rot
Soft rot
Soft rot causes the entire plant to turn black and rot from the inside out.
Solutions: Once soft rot appears, it is difficult to control. For minor issues of soft rot where only a small area is affected: Reduce watering. Only water when the soil is completely dry. Prune away affected tissue. Remove all dead and/or rotting roots and leaves. Use sterile tools. Repot using new soil. If potted, repot the plant with new soil. Be sure to use a pot with proper drainage holes. For severe cases when a large amount of tissue is infected or black: Dispose of plant. Severely infected plants will not recover. Dispose of the plant so that other nearby plants are not infected. Do not compost the infected plant.
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
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Leaf tip withering
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
What is Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
Leaf tip withering is a common plant disease that affects Hens and chicks. When infected, the leaf tips of Hens and chicks dry out and shrivel, displaying symptoms of dehydration. Besides distressing the plant's aesthetic appeal, it also hinders its overall growth and development.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Hens and chicks, the main symptoms showcased are orientation towards a pallid complexion, dehydration, and shriveling leaf tips, which slowly spread to the entirety of the leaf if left untreated.
What Causes Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
What Causes Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
1
Dehydration
Lack of adequate watering or extreme heat conditions can lead to dehydration, thereby causing leaf tips to wither.
2
Inappropriate soil
Soil with poor drainage or not suited for Hens and chicks's growth can also lead to leaf tip withering.
How to Treat Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
How to Treat Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
1
Non pesticide
Optimum watering: Ensure adequate watering of Hens and chicks especially during hot, dry seasons to prevent dehydration.

Appropriate soil selection: Use well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging conditions that could lead to leaf tip withering.
2
Pesticide
Use of fungicides: Apply fungicides if the leaf tip withering is suspected to be caused by a fungal pathogen. Always follow label instructions when using fungicides.
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Low light
plant poor
Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
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Soft rot
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Soft rot
Soft rot causes the entire plant to turn black and rot from the inside out.
Overview
Overview
Soft rot is a common disease affecting mostly fruits and vegetables. It can occur while plants are growing but is more common once the produce has been harvested. The most susceptible plants are fleshy vegetables like tomatoes, lettuce, sweet potato, capsicum, bananas, eggplants, squash, cucumber, avocados, and potatoes.
Many succulents are also susceptible to soft rot. This is especially the case when the plant has received some damage, as bacteria enters the succulent through the open wound.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initially, the disease is spotted in the form of soft, wet, cream-to-tan necrotic spots. These may appear on fruits and vegetables, including tubers, or succulent leaves and stems. The spots are surrounded by a dark brown to black ring.
As the disease progresses, the plant part becomes infected with a soft and slimy rot that has a foul odor. A dark discoloration can be seen internally. Potatoes, sweet potatoes and other tubers will have evidence of this rot under the skin. Fruits like avocados exhibit a dark metallic sheen on the outside and the flesh is grey to black. The flesh also has a putrid odor.
Succulents with soft rot will have watery-looking scabs on the stems or leaves. As the disease progresses, the spots will turn brown to black and they may have a foul-smelling discharge. For succulents with shorter stems, it may be more difficult to notice the earliest symptoms, and soft rot may not be noticed until the plant has already begun rotting from the center.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Soft rot is caused by the bacteria Erwinia cartovorum. This bacteria secretes enzymes that decompose the cell wall structure of the plant. This destroys the plant tissue and causes the plant or its fruit to rot.
The bacteria lives in crop debris as well as soil and water, including the ocean. It infects plants through open wounds, including those caused by overwatering in succulents. It is normally spread by splashing water, insects, and wind. Infection is worse in hot and humid weather.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
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More Info on Hens And Chicks Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
Hens and chicks relishes an environment flooded with light, reflecting its native habitat. It can also cope in less illuminated places. Too little or excessive light influences its health. Insufficient solar exposure may lead to frail growth, while overexposure can cause leaf scorching.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
6-12 inches
The prime time to transplant hens and chicks is during the vibrant growth of mid to late spring. These hardy succulents thrive in well-draining locations with ample sunlight, and giving them space will encourage their spreading nature.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
-20 - 38 ℃
Hens and chicks originates from regions where temperatures range between 41 to 95 °F (5 to 35 ℃), symbolizing its comfort within this range. In colder seasons, it's best to ensure temperatures do not drop below 41 °F (5 ℃).
Temp for Healthy Growth
Propagation
Spring,Autumn
Hens and chicks, a succulent plant that thrives in well-draining soil, is best propagated through cuttings involving offsets. Gently remove these small rosettes that form around the base, ensuring a clean cut to avoid damaging the parent plant or offset. Allow the offsets to dry until the cut area callouses over, which can take a few days. Then, place the prepared offsets in suitable succulent mix, slightly moistened, to encourage root development. Consistent but moderate watering is crucial, as overwatering can lead to rot. Rooting usually occurs within a few weeks, after which care can resume as for mature plants.
Propagation Techniques
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a common plant disease that affects Hens and chicks. When infected, the leaf tips of Hens and chicks dry out and shrivel, displaying symptoms of dehydration. Besides distressing the plant's aesthetic appeal, it also hinders its overall growth and development.
Read More
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease affecting plants like Hens and chicks, causing comprehensive wilt and decline. The disease adversely impacts the plant's health, interrupting normal growth patterns, hinders photosynthesis, eventually leading to death if not treated timely.
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Soil fungus
Soil fungus is a prevalent disease affecting Hens and chicks, leading to root rot, stunted growth, and foliage discolouration. This disease usually thrives in overly moist conditions and can severely impact plant health and aesthetics.
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Etiolated stem
Etiolated Stem is a disease affecting the Hens and chicks, causing long, lanky, and pale stems due to insufficient light. It disrupts the plant's normal compact or bushy growth pattern, leading to weak and fragile structures. Though non-lethal, it significantly affects the plant's aesthetics and health.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common plant disease that significantly affects Hens and chicks. It causes the usually vibrant green foliage to turn yellow, impairing the plant's ability to photosynthesize effectively and hence, affecting its overall health and vitality.
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Mushrooms
The disease 'Mushrooms' affects Hens and chicks by fungal infection, leading to root rot and foliage decay. Devastating particularly when moisture levels are high, it impedes the plant's growth and vigor.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that primarily affects Hens and chicks, causing leaf discoloration, tissue degradation, and potentially plant death if untreated. It thrives in humid conditions and can severely impact plant health and appearance.
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leaf discolorations
Leaf discoloration is a common plant disease affecting Hens and chicks, causing the foliage to change color. It may result from a myriad of pathogens or conditions, leading to poor growth and wellbeing of the plant.
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Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease that negatively affects Hens and chicks, leading to distinctive black or brown blotches on the leaves and stems. If untreated, the disease can severely damage the plant's photosynthetic capability and stunt its growth.
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Leaf curling
Leaf curling in Hens and chicks is a disorder resulting in the characteristic deformation of leaves, negatively impacting growth and aesthetics of the plants.
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Leaf wrinkling
Leaf wrinkling is a condition affecting Hens and chicks, causing leaf deformities that interfere with photosynthesis. The disease can significantly harm the plant's overall health and reduce its aesthetic appeal, and is primarily caused by environmental stress factors.
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White blotch
White blotch is a fungal disease that affects Hens and chicks by causing white or pale patches on the leaves. This condition can lead to significant aesthetic damage and potentially weaken the plant if left untreated.
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Feng shui direction
East
Hens and chicks exhibits a charming aura that resonates well in East facing areas. In Feng Shui, East symbolizes Family and Health, where hens and chicks's strong survival ability, signifying robust health, can beneficially influence these aspects. However, as Feng Shui interpretations may vary, personal observations should also be considered.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Hens and chicks

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Lipstick plant
Lipstick plant
Lipstick plant (Aeschynanthus pulcher) is an evergreen perennial vine that will grow to 71 cm high. Often called the lipstick plant, its pointy, waxy leaves provide the perfect foliage while brilliant red blossoms emerge from a tubular-shaped bud to look like a tube of lipstick. It blooms from summer through winter with clusters of brilliant red trumpet-shaped flowers. Prefers partial shade in humus-rich, well-drained soil.
Paperplant
Paperplant
The paperplant, commonly grown as an ornamental and houseplant in warm temperate countries, has lustrous leaves with eight lobes resembling a hand. Because the sap from this plant might cause allergies in certain people, it must be handled with caution. This plant will occasionally produce black berries that birds will enjoy.
Plectranthus 'Cerveza 'n Lime'
Plectranthus 'Cerveza 'n Lime'
The entirety of plectranthus 'Cerveza 'n Lime' is covered in fine white tomenta. The plant emits a lovely smell that can linger on your fingers for a while after touching. Its leaves grow thick and compact in a sunlight-ample environment, but when light is insufficient, exhaustive growth will occur and its leaves will flatten. It can be cared for in the open in seasons with mild weather as long as it has proper shade to protect it from scorching sunlight.
Elephant's ear
Elephant's ear
Elephant's ear is an Australian member of the 'Elephant's Ear' family native to the tropical parts of the east coast. Growing to nearly 2 m tall, elephant's ear is a spectacular garden feature for tropical home gardens. Exercise caution, however, as the sap, berries, leaves, and roots are all toxic to mammals.
Surattense Nightshade
Surattense Nightshade
Surattense Nightshade (Solanum virginianum) is an herbaceous flowering plant species also known as Thorny nightshade or yellow-fruit nightshade. Surattense Nightshade is native to India and Nepal. Some parts of this species, like the fruit, are poisonous.
Fragrant virgin's bower
Fragrant virgin's bower
Fragrant virgin's bower is a woody climbing vine sprinkled with white fragrant flowers. It is often grown on fences and trellises, and if no support is given, it will climb on itself, creating dense masses of flowers and vines.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Hens and chicks
Hens and chicks
Hens and chicks
Sempervivum tectorum var. calcareum
Also known as: Mrs giuseppi, Old man & woman
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
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Questions About Hens and chicks

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What should I do if I water my Hens and chicks too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Hens and chicks?
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What should I consider when watering my Hens and chicks?
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How to water Hens and chicks?
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Key Facts About Hens and chicks

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Attributes of Hens and chicks

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Succulent
Bloom Time
Summer
Plant Height
20 cm
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
4 mm to 1.6 cm
Flower Color
Pink
Purple
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
5 - 35 ℃
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Scientific Classification of Hens and chicks

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Common Pests & Diseases About Hens and chicks

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Common issues for Hens and chicks based on 10 million real cases
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a common plant disease that affects Hens and chicks. When infected, the leaf tips of Hens and chicks dry out and shrivel, displaying symptoms of dehydration. Besides distressing the plant's aesthetic appeal, it also hinders its overall growth and development.
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Low light
Low light Low light Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
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Soft rot
Soft rot Soft rot Soft rot
Soft rot causes the entire plant to turn black and rot from the inside out.
Solutions: Once soft rot appears, it is difficult to control. For minor issues of soft rot where only a small area is affected: Reduce watering. Only water when the soil is completely dry. Prune away affected tissue. Remove all dead and/or rotting roots and leaves. Use sterile tools. Repot using new soil. If potted, repot the plant with new soil. Be sure to use a pot with proper drainage holes. For severe cases when a large amount of tissue is infected or black: Dispose of plant. Severely infected plants will not recover. Dispose of the plant so that other nearby plants are not infected. Do not compost the infected plant.
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Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
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Leaf tip withering
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
What is Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
Leaf tip withering is a common plant disease that affects Hens and chicks. When infected, the leaf tips of Hens and chicks dry out and shrivel, displaying symptoms of dehydration. Besides distressing the plant's aesthetic appeal, it also hinders its overall growth and development.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Hens and chicks, the main symptoms showcased are orientation towards a pallid complexion, dehydration, and shriveling leaf tips, which slowly spread to the entirety of the leaf if left untreated.
What Causes Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
What Causes Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
1
Dehydration
Lack of adequate watering or extreme heat conditions can lead to dehydration, thereby causing leaf tips to wither.
2
Inappropriate soil
Soil with poor drainage or not suited for Hens and chicks's growth can also lead to leaf tip withering.
How to Treat Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
How to Treat Leaf tip withering Disease on Hens and chicks?
1
Non pesticide
Optimum watering: Ensure adequate watering of Hens and chicks especially during hot, dry seasons to prevent dehydration.

Appropriate soil selection: Use well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging conditions that could lead to leaf tip withering.
2
Pesticide
Use of fungicides: Apply fungicides if the leaf tip withering is suspected to be caused by a fungal pathogen. Always follow label instructions when using fungicides.
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Low light
plant poor
Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
Solutions
Solutions
Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed.
  • Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn.
  • Introduce appropriate artificial lighting.
  • Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Prevention
Prevention
To avoid etiolation, provide an adequate amount of light from the beginning.
  1. Choose a location that matches each plant's ideal light needs. Many indoor plants do best in or near a south-facing window, which will provide the longest hours of sunlight. Flowering plants and those with colored leaves typically need more light than purely-green plants, as photosynthesis occurs in the green portions of leaves.
  2. Select plants with light needs that match a location's conditions. Some cultivars and varieties require less light than others.
  3. Use a grow light. Darker locations may require artificial illumination. A grow light may also become more necessary during winter, when sunlit hours are at their shortest.
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Soft rot
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Soft rot
Soft rot causes the entire plant to turn black and rot from the inside out.
Overview
Overview
Soft rot is a common disease affecting mostly fruits and vegetables. It can occur while plants are growing but is more common once the produce has been harvested. The most susceptible plants are fleshy vegetables like tomatoes, lettuce, sweet potato, capsicum, bananas, eggplants, squash, cucumber, avocados, and potatoes.
Many succulents are also susceptible to soft rot. This is especially the case when the plant has received some damage, as bacteria enters the succulent through the open wound.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initially, the disease is spotted in the form of soft, wet, cream-to-tan necrotic spots. These may appear on fruits and vegetables, including tubers, or succulent leaves and stems. The spots are surrounded by a dark brown to black ring.
As the disease progresses, the plant part becomes infected with a soft and slimy rot that has a foul odor. A dark discoloration can be seen internally. Potatoes, sweet potatoes and other tubers will have evidence of this rot under the skin. Fruits like avocados exhibit a dark metallic sheen on the outside and the flesh is grey to black. The flesh also has a putrid odor.
Succulents with soft rot will have watery-looking scabs on the stems or leaves. As the disease progresses, the spots will turn brown to black and they may have a foul-smelling discharge. For succulents with shorter stems, it may be more difficult to notice the earliest symptoms, and soft rot may not be noticed until the plant has already begun rotting from the center.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Soft rot is caused by the bacteria Erwinia cartovorum. This bacteria secretes enzymes that decompose the cell wall structure of the plant. This destroys the plant tissue and causes the plant or its fruit to rot.
The bacteria lives in crop debris as well as soil and water, including the ocean. It infects plants through open wounds, including those caused by overwatering in succulents. It is normally spread by splashing water, insects, and wind. Infection is worse in hot and humid weather.
Solutions
Solutions
Once soft rot appears, it is difficult to control.
For minor issues of soft rot where only a small area is affected:
  1. Reduce watering. Only water when the soil is completely dry.
  2. Prune away affected tissue. Remove all dead and/or rotting roots and leaves. Use sterile tools.
  3. Repot using new soil. If potted, repot the plant with new soil. Be sure to use a pot with proper drainage holes.
For severe cases when a large amount of tissue is infected or black:
  1. Dispose of plant. Severely infected plants will not recover. Dispose of the plant so that other nearby plants are not infected. Do not compost the infected plant.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent soft rot, do the following:
  1. Avoid overwatering. Only water succulents when soil is almost dry. Make sure potted plants are in containers with drainage holes.
  2. Ensure proper airflow. Do not crowd plants together. Make sure there is adequate space between plants to allow for airflow.
  3. Source healthy plants. Avoid introducing plants with soft rot into your garden or home. Buy plants for a reliable source and check for signs of soft rot.
  4. Sterilize pruning tools. Soft rot bacteria enter plants where tissue is cut. Make sure to sterilize pruning tools before using.
  5. Control pests. Pests can spread soft rot bacteria when they feed on plants. Controlling pests will help stop the spread of soft rot.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
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More Info on Hens And Chicks Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a common plant disease that affects Hens and chicks. When infected, the leaf tips of Hens and chicks dry out and shrivel, displaying symptoms of dehydration. Besides distressing the plant's aesthetic appeal, it also hinders its overall growth and development.
 detail
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease affecting plants like Hens and chicks, causing comprehensive wilt and decline. The disease adversely impacts the plant's health, interrupting normal growth patterns, hinders photosynthesis, eventually leading to death if not treated timely.
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Soil fungus
Soil fungus is a prevalent disease affecting Hens and chicks, leading to root rot, stunted growth, and foliage discolouration. This disease usually thrives in overly moist conditions and can severely impact plant health and aesthetics.
 detail
Etiolated stem
Etiolated Stem is a disease affecting the Hens and chicks, causing long, lanky, and pale stems due to insufficient light. It disrupts the plant's normal compact or bushy growth pattern, leading to weak and fragile structures. Though non-lethal, it significantly affects the plant's aesthetics and health.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common plant disease that significantly affects Hens and chicks. It causes the usually vibrant green foliage to turn yellow, impairing the plant's ability to photosynthesize effectively and hence, affecting its overall health and vitality.
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Mushrooms
The disease 'Mushrooms' affects Hens and chicks by fungal infection, leading to root rot and foliage decay. Devastating particularly when moisture levels are high, it impedes the plant's growth and vigor.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that primarily affects Hens and chicks, causing leaf discoloration, tissue degradation, and potentially plant death if untreated. It thrives in humid conditions and can severely impact plant health and appearance.
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leaf discolorations
Leaf discoloration is a common plant disease affecting Hens and chicks, causing the foliage to change color. It may result from a myriad of pathogens or conditions, leading to poor growth and wellbeing of the plant.
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Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease that negatively affects Hens and chicks, leading to distinctive black or brown blotches on the leaves and stems. If untreated, the disease can severely damage the plant's photosynthetic capability and stunt its growth.
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Leaf curling
Leaf curling in Hens and chicks is a disorder resulting in the characteristic deformation of leaves, negatively impacting growth and aesthetics of the plants.
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Leaf wrinkling
Leaf wrinkling is a condition affecting Hens and chicks, causing leaf deformities that interfere with photosynthesis. The disease can significantly harm the plant's overall health and reduce its aesthetic appeal, and is primarily caused by environmental stress factors.
 detail
White blotch
White blotch is a fungal disease that affects Hens and chicks by causing white or pale patches on the leaves. This condition can lead to significant aesthetic damage and potentially weaken the plant if left untreated.
 detail
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Hens and chicks relishes an environment flooded with light, reflecting its native habitat. It can also cope in less illuminated places. Too little or excessive light influences its health. Insufficient solar exposure may lead to frail growth, while overexposure can cause leaf scorching.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Hens and chicks is a beloved choice for indoor gardening, and they require strong light to thrive. However, when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting, they may develop symptoms of light deficiency.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Hens and chicks may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Hens and chicks enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Hens and chicks require strong light to thrive, and some are remarkably resilient to sun exposure, rarely suffering from sunburn.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Hens and chicks originates from regions where temperatures range between 41 to 95 °F (5 to 35 ℃), symbolizing its comfort within this range. In colder seasons, it's best to ensure temperatures do not drop below 41 °F (5 ℃).
Regional wintering strategies
Hens and chicks is a heat-loving plant that gradually stops growing and enters a dormant state during the winter. When the outdoor temperature drops below {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}, it should be moved indoors for cultivation. Choose a location near a south-facing window to provide as much sunlight as possible. If there is insufficient natural light, supplemental lighting can be used. When the temperature falls below {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}, the plant's growth slows down, and watering should be reduced or stopped to prevent root rot. For Hens and chicks grown outdoors, watering should be completely halted during low temperatures. If feasible, you can set up a temporary greenhouse for insulation or use materials such as plastic film or fabric to wrap the plant during cold temperatures.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Hens and chicks
Hens and chicks thrives in high temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It grows best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the plant may become weak, wilt, and be prone to root rot. In cases of mild frost damage, there may not be any initial symptoms, but after a week, the plant will gradually wither.
Solutions
Trim off the frostbitten areas, paying attention to whether the roots have rotted. If the roots have rotted, they need to be cut off, and the plant can be propagated through cuttings. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment and place the plant near a south-facing window to ensure ample sunlight. If there is insufficient light, you can use supplemental lighting.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Hens and chicks
During summer, Hens and chicks should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the plant's growth will cease, it will experience water loss, wilting, and becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Remove the sunburned and rotten parts. Shield the plant from afternoon sunlight until it recovers and starts growing again. For plants with root rot, stop watering until new roots begin to emerge.
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