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Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Withania somnifera
Also known as : Poison gooseberry, Rennet
Ashwagandha is a bush-forming plant that produces orange-red fruit similar to small-sized tomatillos. Although it's occasionally grown as a garden plant, it should be treated carefully; it does live up to its common name of "poisonous gooseberry." The specific epithet somnifera in its Latin name means "sleep-inducing."
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 12
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Key Facts About Ashwagandha

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Attributes of Ashwagandha

Lifespan
Annual, Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Plant Height
1.2 m
Spread
90 cm
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate
Rapid

Scientific Classification of Ashwagandha

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distribution

Distribution of Ashwagandha

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Habitat of Ashwagandha

Open places, disturbed areas.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Ashwagandha

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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question

Questions About Ashwagandha

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Ashwagandha?
To water Ashwagandha, you can use a garden hose with a spray nozzle, a watering can, or just about any other common watering tool. Generally, Ashwagandha is not too picky about how they receive their water, as they can live off of rainwater, tap water, or filtered water. Often, you should try not to water this plant from overhead, as doing so can damage the leaves and flowers and may lead to disease as well. At times, the best method for watering this plant is to set up a drip irrigation system. These systems work well for Ashwagandha as they apply water evenly and directly to the soil. For one Ashwagandha that grows in a container, you can use a similar watering approach while changing the tools you use. To water a container-grown Ashwagandha, use a cup, watering can, or your tap to apply water directly to the soil.
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What should I do if I water my Ashwagandha too much or too little?
The remedy for underwatering Ashwagandha is somewhat obvious. When you notice that your plant lacks moisture, simply begin watering it on a more regular basis. The issue of overwatering can be a much more dire situation, especially if you fail to notice it early. When your Ashwagandha is overwatered, it may contract diseases that lead to its decline and death. The best way to prevent this outcome is to choose a proper growing location, one that receives plenty of sunlight to help dry the soil and has good enough drainage to allow excess water to drain rather than pooling and causing waterlogged soils. If you overwater your Ashwagandha that lives in a pot, you may need to consider changing it to a new pot. Your previous container may not have contained soil with good drainage or may not have had sufficient drainage holes. As you repot your overwatered Ashwagandha, make sure to add loose soils and to use a pot that drains efficiently.
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How often should I water my Ashwagandha?
Ashwagandha needs water regularly throughout the growing season. Beginning in spring, you should plan to water this plant about once per week. As the season presses on and grows warmer, you may need to increase your watering rate to about two to three times per week. Exceeding at this rate can be detrimental to your Ashwagandha. With that said, you should also ensure that the soil in which your Ashwagandha grows remains relatively moist but not wet, regardless of how often you must water to make that the case. Watering Ashwagandha that lives in a pot is a bit different. Generally, you'll need to increase your watering frequency, as the soil in a pot can heat up and dry out a bit faster than ground soil. As such, you should plan to water a container-grown Ashwagandha a few times per week in most cases, versus just once per week for an in-ground plant.
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How much water does my Ashwagandha need?
There are a few different ways you can go about determining how much water to give to your Ashwagandha. Some gardeners choose to pick their water volume based on feeling the soil for moisture. That method suggests that you should water until you feel that the first six inches of soil have become moist. Alternatively, you can use a set measurement to determine how much to water your Ashwagandha. Typically, you should give your Ashwagandha about two gallons of water per week, depending on how hot it is and how quickly the soil becomes dry. However, following strict guidelines like that can lead to overwatering if your plant requires less than two gallons per week for whatever reason. When growing Ashwagandha in a container, you will need to use a different method to determine how much water to supply. Typically, you should give enough water to moisten all of the layers of soil that have become dry. To test if that is the case, you can simply stick your finger in the soil to feel for moisture. You can also water the soil until you notice a slight trickle of excess water exiting the drainage holes of your pot.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Ashwagandha enough?
It can be somewhat difficult to avoid overwatering your Ashwagandha. On the one hand, these plants have relatively deep roots that require you to moisten the soil weekly. On the other hand, Ashwagandha are plants that are incredibly susceptible to root rot. Along with root rot, your Ashwagandha may also experience browning as a result of overwatering. Underwatering is far less likely for your Ashwagandha as these plants can survive for a while in the absence of supplemental watering. However, if you go too long without giving this plant water, it will likely begin to wilt. You may also notice dry leaves.
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How should I water my Ashwagandha through the seasons?
You can expect your Ashwagandha’s water needs to increase as the season moves on. During spring, you should water about once per week. Then, as the summer heat arrives, you will likely need to give a bit more water to your Ashwagandha, at times increasing to about three times per week. This is especially true of Ashwagandha that grow in containers, as the soil in a container is far more likely to dry out faster than ground soil when the weather is warm. In autumn, while your Ashwagandha is still in bloom, it may need a bit less water as the temperature has likely declined, and the sun is no longer as strong as it was in summer.
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How should I water my Ashwagandha at different growth stages?
Ashwagandha will move through several different growth stages throughout the year, some of which may require more water than others. For example, you will probably start your Ashwagandha as a seed. While the seed germinates, you should plant to give more water than your Ashwagandha will need later in life, watering often enough to maintain consistent soil moisture. After a few weeks, your Ashwagandha will grow above the soil and may need slightly less water than at the seedling phase. Then, once this plant is mature, you can begin to use the regular watering frequency of about once per week. As flower development takes place, you may need to give slightly more water to aid the process.
Read More more
What's the difference between watering Ashwagandha indoors and outdoors?
There are several reasons why most Ashwagandha grow outdoors rather than indoors. The first is that these plants typically grow to tall. The second reason is that Ashwagandha needs more daily sunlight than most indoor growing locations can provide. If you are able to provide a suitable indoor growing location, you may find that you need to give your Ashwagandha water a bit more often than you would in an outdoor growing location. Part of the reason for this is that indoor growing locations tend to be a lot drier than outdoor ones due to HVAC units. The other reason for this is that soil in containers can dry out relatively quickly as well compared to soil in the ground.
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More Info on Ashwagandha Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Lighting
Full sun
Requiring abundant sun exposure, ashwagandha's health largely depends on ample light for flourishing growth at all stages. Originating in environments with a profuse sunlight, the plant thrives in such conditions. Lesser light exposure can potentially affect its development, while too much could lead to scorching.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
5 - 43 ℃
Ashwagandha is indigenous to regions with moderate climates, ideally between 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). It flourishes when the temperature range remains consistent. During seasonal shifts, try to mimic the plant's natural environment by adjusting room temperature accordingly to promote growth.
Temp for Healthy Growth
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Plants Related to Ashwagandha

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Black nightshade
Black nightshade
Native to North America, eastern black nightshade is attractive but poisonous. Like many Solanum ptychanthum plants, all green portions of the plant contain the solanum alkaloid, which is highly toxic. Eastern black nightshade is shade-tolerant, so it can often be found growing in the shadow of crops. Bees and some beetles feed on the plant, but most other wildlife avoids it.
Silvergreen bryum moss
Silvergreen bryum moss
Silvergreen bryum moss (Bryum argenteum) is a moss species found on all global continents, even Antarctica. Silvergreen bryum moss is also referred to as silvery thread moss. It is often spread on the soles of people's shoes or on the feet of animals.
Chawan
Chawan
Chawan, known as Alim in the Philippines, is a medium-sized tree. It is native to Southeast Asia, and its leaves are used to sweeten the taste of an Indonesian cereal-based dish called tapé.
Spanish dagger
Spanish dagger
Spanish dagger is a fast-growing species of Yucca with cream-colored flowers. It is native to the southern United States and grows best in sandy soils and full sun. This tropical plant is hardy down to 22 degrees Fahrenheit.
Canadian tick-trefoil
Canadian tick-trefoil
The canadian tick-trefoil is a nitrogen-fixing plant that lives in some kind of symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria. It makes the nitrogen for itself, but it also shares a certain amount with nearby plants. The roots and the leaves of the canadian tick-trefoil have anti-insect properties thus can be used as pesticides.
Broom forkmoss
Broom forkmoss
Broom forkmoss is a tough, coarse moss that is native to North America. It typically grows in clumps and leaves are approximately 2 to 8 cm high. Broom forkmoss can be found growing among other mosses in forested areas in dry to moist soil.
Ear-leaved nightshade
Ear-leaved nightshade
Ear-leaved nightshade (Solanum mauritianum) is a small shrub species that can live up to thirty years. Ear-leaved nightshade is native to South America, including Northern Argentina, Southern Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. This species is considered invasive in New Zealand and Australia, where is it known as tobacco bush weed. All parts of this plant, especially the berries, are toxic to humans.
Aztec tobacco
Aztec tobacco
Aztec tobacco (Nicotiana rustica) is a very potent member of the tobacco family, likely native to South America. It has naturalized in the southeastern United States as a weed, and is cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries around the globe for use in pesticides, smoking, and snuff. This species is unusually high in nicotine, which is toxic in large amounts.
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Related Plants
Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha
Withania somnifera
Also known as: Poison gooseberry, Rennet
Ashwagandha is a bush-forming plant that produces orange-red fruit similar to small-sized tomatillos. Although it's occasionally grown as a garden plant, it should be treated carefully; it does live up to its common name of "poisonous gooseberry." The specific epithet somnifera in its Latin name means "sleep-inducing."
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 12
more
plant_info

Key Facts About Ashwagandha

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Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Ashwagandha

Lifespan
Annual, Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Plant Height
1.2 m
Spread
90 cm
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate
Rapid
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Scientific Classification of Ashwagandha

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distribution

Distribution of Ashwagandha

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Feedback
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Habitat of Ashwagandha

Open places, disturbed areas.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Ashwagandha

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About Ashwagandha

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Feedback
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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Ashwagandha?
more
What should I do if I water my Ashwagandha too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Ashwagandha?
more
How much water does my Ashwagandha need?
more
How can I tell if i'm watering my Ashwagandha enough?
more
How should I water my Ashwagandha through the seasons?
more
How should I water my Ashwagandha at different growth stages?
more
What's the difference between watering Ashwagandha indoors and outdoors?
more
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More Info on Ashwagandha Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Plants Related to Ashwagandha

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Lighting
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Requiring abundant sun exposure, ashwagandha's health largely depends on ample light for flourishing growth at all stages. Originating in environments with a profuse sunlight, the plant thrives in such conditions. Lesser light exposure can potentially affect its development, while too much could lead to scorching.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Ashwagandha, a plant that thrives in full sunlight, is commonly grown outdoors with ample sunlight. When cultivated indoors with inadequate light, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Ashwagandha may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Ashwagandha enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Ashwagandha thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Ashwagandha is indigenous to regions with moderate climates, ideally between 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). It flourishes when the temperature range remains consistent. During seasonal shifts, try to mimic the plant's natural environment by adjusting room temperature accordingly to promote growth.
Regional wintering strategies
Ashwagandha is extremely heat-loving, and any cold temperatures can cause harm to it. In the autumn, it is recommended to bring outdoor-grown Ashwagandha indoors and place it near a bright window, but it should be kept at a certain distance from heaters. Maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter is beneficial for plant growth. Any temperatures approaching {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min} are detrimental to the plant.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Ashwagandha
Ashwagandha prefers warm temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may lighten in color. After frost damage, the color gradually turns brown or black, and symptoms such as wilting and drooping may occur.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment for cold protection. Choose a spot near a south-facing window to place the plant, ensuring ample sunlight. Additionally, avoid placing the plant near heaters or air conditioning vents to prevent excessive dryness in the air.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Ashwagandha
During summer, Ashwagandha should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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