Botanical name: Solanaceae
Botanical name: Solanaceae
Species of Nightshade
Physochlaina is perennial herbs, differing in their type of inflorescence – a terminal, cymose panicle or corymbose raceme. Flowers pedunculate. Calyx lobes subequal or unequal; corolla campanulate or infundibuliform, lobes subequal or sometimes unequal, imbricate in bud; stamens inserted at the middle of corolla tube; disk conspicuous; fruiting calyx lobes nonspinescent apically, fruiting calyx inflated, bladder-like or campanulate, loosely enclosing the capsular fruit. Fruit a pyxidium. Pollen grain polymorphic, usually subspheroidal, oval in polar view, circular-triangular in equatorial view. This genus includes about 6 species. Physochlaina is found principally in the north-western provinces of China although one species occurs in Western Asia, while another is found as far east as those regions of Siberia abutting the eastern borders of Mongolia.
Lady of the night
Cestrums come in hundreds of different species, all native to America's tropics. The majority are evergreen and several have strong-smelling flowers that make them appealing ornamental plants. Although several caterpillar species eat cestrums, they should not be consumed by humans as all parts of many of the species are toxic. Cestrums have been known to cause serious losses to livestock in Australia, particularly Cestrum parqui.
The henbanes genus comprises flowering plants that are notable for their toxicity. They are native to North Africa and Eurasia but have been introduced elsewhere. Some species are invasive and can overwhelm commercial seed crops, especially since each plant can produce thousands of seeds.
Atropa is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae : tall, calcicole, herbaceous perennials (rhizomatous hemicryptophytes), bearing large leaves and glossy berries. Atropa species favour temperate climates and alkaline soils.
The box-thorns is a genus of flowering shrubs that can be found in flats, arroyos, and washes. Cattle, deer, and birds all graze on this plant. Its fruits, goji berries, are an important food crop in Asia. Goji berries can be consumed in tea, juice, wine, and even soups. The box-thorns was also used by Ancient Roman herbalists.
Physalis produce small round fruits that look a little like tomatoes, and are sometimes known as husk tomatoes. You may also hear them called poha berries or golden berries. They often have a distinctive papery cover around the fruit.
The butterfly flower genus comprises plants that are notable for their attractive and showy flowers which come in a variety of colors and are popular with both gardeners and florists. The common name of the genus, Butterfly flower, comes from the fact that the flowers of some species resemble butterflies.
Nicandra are a genus of just one species – Nicandra physalodes. There have been reports that they are toxic, so care should be taken when handling them and with livestock. It has been traditionally used to deter flies. Nicandra flower through the summer and are often cultivated for gardens, although they have been described as weedy.
Members of the nightshade family, petunias are flowering plants that originated in South America and have since spread to Europe and North America. The name comes from the word "petun," an indigenous Brazilian term for tobacco. These plants are good at attracting pollinators - in fact, some species of insects and even hummingbirds have evolved to pollinate petunias specifically! There are 35 different species that range in height from less than 15 cm to over 1.2 m.
The Capsicum annuum plants grow up to 1.5 m high and grow as a bushy subshrub, but mostly stretched upwards. Near the root, the plants lignify relatively easily. The leaves are pointed towards the front, between 5 and 25 cm long and between 3 and 15 cm wide. || As with other cultivated Capsicum species within the Art Capsicum chinense by domestication and the associated long selection a great variability has arisen. Typically, a plant of the species is between 45 cm and 75 cm high, the shoot branches strongly and forms secondary shoots, giving the plant a broad, bushy appearance.
Thornapples, or thorn apples, are perennials that are cultivated for showy flowers. All the species in this genus have poisonous or dangerous characteristics. As a consequence, they are known in English as devil's trumpets, hell’s bells, or devil's weed. However, some species have been used in religious rituals throughout the world.
Nolana is a genus of hard annual or perennial plants in the nightshade family. The genus is mostly native to Chile and Peru. There are about 85 to 89 species.
Five eye is a genus of perennial herbs in the nightshade family. There are around nine species of five eyes, and they are native to the southwestern and western United States and parts of Mexico. These are hairy plants growing low to the ground and covered in crinkly dull green leaves. The flowers are star-shaped to wheel-shaped. The fruits are spherical berries filled with flat, kidney-shaped seeds.
Tobacco plants are flowering plants that are of course best known for their use in tobacco products. This genus gets its Latin name from Jean Nicot, a French diplomat between 1559 and 1561. He introduced tobacco plants to French royalty, which were subsequently brought over from South America for cultivation and commercial use in Europe. They are also cultivated by gardeners for their flowers.
Scopolia is a genus of four species of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae, native to Europe and Asia.
Withania is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae, with 23 species that are native to parts of North Africa, western Asia, south Asia, southern Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Canary Islands.
Salpichroa are a small genus that is predominantly native to South America, with one or two species exceptions. They usually produce solitary flowers and have oval or heart-shaped leaves, which aids in their identification. Some members of this genus have a climbing habit and are cultivated for ornamental garden use.
Species of mandrakes are perennial herbaceous plants. They have large vertical tap-roots, sometimes forked. Their stems are short or virtually absent. The leaves form a rosette at the base of the plant. The flowers are sometimes borne on a short stalk (scape),whitish through to violet and are solitary, with whorls of five parts. The sepals are joined at the base, as are the petals, both in the shape of a lobed bell. After fertilization, a yellow or orange fruit forms (botanically a berry). There are between three and five species in the genus. These species are distributed in the Mediterranean and eastern China.
The chinese Lantern genus contains just one species, Quincula lobata. This plant can only be found in the wild in the warm southwest of North America. This species is often grown for ornamental purposes due to its attractive bluish lantern-like flower. It is also often used as ground cover.
The marmalade bush are a genus of flowering plants with a singular species, Streptosolen jamesonii. The genus contains an evergreen shrub with fiery-looking blossoms. The vibrant blossoms are pollinated by birds, and while they lack fragrance, they abundantly ooze nectar. In times of need, these plants have been used as a supplemental fodder for cows in Ecuador.
Painted tongue is a small genus of only two species.
Angel's trumpets are dramatic-looking shrubs that have hanging, trumpet-shaped blooms. They are extinct in the wild but are popular and widely cultivated as garden plants. A famous species in this genus is the deadly nightshade plant. Indeed, many of these lovely plants are highly toxic. They are particularly attractive to hummingbirds.
Calibrachoa are evergreen short-lived perennials, small shrubs or herbaceous plants with woody shoot axis. The leaves are ovate, elliptic, reverse ovate or linear; its edge is flat or rolled back. The inflorescences are monochasic and have oppositely standing, foliage-like bracts. The flowers are usually zygomorphic, the bud cover is reciprocal in most species. The calyx has five or ten ribs, it is usually lobed to about the middle, the lobes are usually narrowed towards the top. The color of the crown can be purple, red, pink or whitish. The fruits are capsules. The seeds have a net-like surface. This structure is due to walls perpendicular to the seed surface, which are straight in all species. This genus includes about 28 species. Calibrachoa is found across much the same region of South America as petunias, inhabiting scrub and open grassland.
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Anisodus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae. It is native to China, Tibet, India, Bhutan, and Nepal.