Botanical name: Acer
Botanical name: Acer
Species of Maples
Japanese maple 'Kinran'
The popular tree family known as japanese maple 'Kinran' change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Japanese maple 'Kinran' popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Japanese maple 'Atrolineare'
The cultivar name of japanese maple 'Atrolineare', 'Atrolineare', is Latin for 'cascade' and refers to the cascades of long ribbon-like red leaves that hang from this beautiful feature tree. Where the parent tree, the Japanese maple, typically grows to 12 m, japanese maple 'Atrolineare' is just 3.5 m tall but offers several seasons of garden interest, making it an especially popular cultivar.
Japanese maple 'Chiyo'
The japanese maple 'Chiyo' is also known as the Little Princess or Chiyo-hime. It was named after a 17th-century Japanese Shogun's daughter. This compact deciduous tree grows to a typical height of 60 cm by the time it is ten years old. It is admired for its beautiful leaves, which grow in green and change to orange and red in the fall.
Japanese maple 'Korean Gem'
Japanese maple 'Korean Gem' is a cultivar of the Japanese maple that is truly a gem from Korea. The leaves are quite large, divided into seven to nine lobes, and turn a beautiful deep red in autumn. This cultivar is particularly loved for its red stems, which add some winter interest.
Japanese maple 'Inaba'
An upright Japanese maple cultivar, japanese maple 'Inaba' has a beautiful cascading form. The leaves are more intricate than those of other varieties and stay a deep purple red color throughout the year. Unlike other varieties, the foliage does not bronze out in late season. This Japanese maple does well in sun and humidity, making it a popular planting in these conditions.
Norway maple 'Schwedleri'
Norway maple 'Schwedleri' is a Norway maple (Acer platanoides) cultivar selected for its attractive foliage. The leaf buds and young leaves start reddish-brown and eventually turn to deep green. The cultivar was named after Carl Heinz Schwedler, a supervisor of a royal garden in Poland.
Tricolor sycamore maple
Tricolor sycamore maple has kept the robustness and the size of its parent Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), but the foliage has been "improved" to look more attractive. The leaves start pink and eventually turn green with brilliant yellow and white speckles. This cultivar was named after the first Belgian king, Leopold I.
The popular tree family known as acer linganense change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Acer linganense popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
It is a deciduous small tree or large shrub growing to 5 to 10 m (rarely 15 m) in height, with smooth grey bark. The young shoots are green, often tinged pink, hairy at first with whitish hairs, becoming grey in the second year. The leaves are trifoliate, with a very slender red petiole up to 10 cm long; the three leaflets are 4 to 10 cm long and 2 to 4 cm broad, with 1 to 2 cm petiolules, and coarsely serrated margins. The flowers are produced in pendulous racemes 10 to 16 cm long, each flower with four sepals and petals. The fruit is a paired samara, the nutlets are 7 mm long, the wings 1.5 to 2.5 cm long, spreading at an acute angle.
Oliver's Taiwanese maple
The popular tree family known as oliver's Taiwanese maple change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Oliver's Taiwanese maple popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
The flowers are yellow-green, produced in small pendulous corymbs. The fruit is a double samara with two rounded, winged seeds, the wings 1.5 to 3 cm long, spread at an acute angle.
Japanese maple 'Butterfly'
The popular tree family known as japanese maple 'Butterfly' change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Japanese maple 'Butterfly' popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Japanese maple 'Bloodgood'
Japanese maple 'Bloodgood' is an award-winning purple-leaved Japanese acer, named for its red-purple foliage which turns vibrant red in the fall. It produces little purple flowers which in turn produce small red fruits. Gardeners will enjoy this specimen tree as a low maintenance focal point in their garden.
Golden full-moon maple 'Aureum'
Golden full-moon maple 'Aureum' is a cultivar of the Japanese full moon maple (Acer shirasawanum) that features lighter-colored foliage than its parent. The most dominant hue of the foliage is golden-yellow, hence the name 'Aureum' (which means golden-yellow). As the season progresses, the foliage turns orange, with red and purple accents.
Norway maple 'Crimson King'
Norway maple 'Crimson King' is a Norway maple cultivar, bred in Belgium in 1937 from a 'Schwedleri' seedling. Its distinct feature is that it keeps its maroon color throughout the season and turns reddish-orange in the autumn. The flowers are maroon yellow, and the fruit is purplish. Norway maple 'Crimson King' is considered the most vigorous red-leafed maple
Norway maple 'Drummondii'
Norway maple 'Drummondii' is a Norway maple (Acer platanoides) cultivar that features variegated leaves with green centers and cream margins. This cultivar is prized among gardeners not only for its attractive foliage but also for its robust nature and vigorous growth. This cultivar was probably named after the Scottish botanist Thomas Drummond.
Japanese maple 'Orange Dream'
The japanese maple 'Orange Dream' is one of the tallest Acer palmatum cultivars, growing to an impressive height of 2.5 to 3 m tall in maturity. It was cultivated both for its height and for its orange foliage, which begins yellow and pink, turns chartreuse in summer, and finally softens into orange-yellow in fall.
Golden full-moon maple 'Jordan'
Golden full-moon maple 'Jordan' is a Golden full-moon maple first cultivated in Italy by Fratelli Gilardelli. It has an exceptionally bright yellow leaf color, which is most pronounced in early spring. This cultivar is named after Gilardelli’s son. Golden full-moon maple 'Jordan' grows to a height of 4 m, while the original plant is capable of growing higher, up to 6 m.
Golden full-moon maple 'Autumn Moon'
Golden full-moon maple 'Autumn Moon' is distinct for its foliage, which first appears light yellow or chartreuse before becoming tinged with burnt orange and then bright red in autumn. A cultivar of Acer shirasawanum, its name refers to its rich seasonal coloration and the lunar shape of its foliage. This is an excellent, low-maintenance tree for small spaces.
Pere david's maple 'Serpentine'
Pere david's maple 'Serpentine' is a beautiful small tree bred from the maple. This cultivar is characterized by its small, narrow leaves, and the green-and-white serpentine stripes of its bark. The original species was named in 1869 for the Jesuit priest who discovered it.
Acer oblongum is a medium-sized evergreen to semi-deciduous tree reaching a height of approximately 15–22 metres (49–72 ft). Unique among maples, this plant stays green all winter. The trunks are buttressed, with a smooth to wrinkled bark. Leaves are opposite, ovate-lanceolate with entire margin, with a petiole 5–12 cm long, with glaucous-green underside and dark green upperside. The young shoots are reddish bronze and finely hairy. The flowers are hermaphroditic, small and inconspicuous, about 4 mm, greenish white, gathered in hairy racemes. The fruits are represented by the typical two-winged samaras, about 2.5 cm long, wind dispersed. It has been introduced for its wood and it is sometimes cultivated in large gardens for its evergreen foliage.
Japanese maple 'Winter Flame'
Japanese maple 'Winter Flame' a compact A. palmatum variety, is named for its colorful autumn and winter display. Young shoots and leaves are pink-tinged in the beginning and develop into lime-green foliage, which then turns gold in the fall. Additionally, the first cold spell triggers the stem and the bark to turn coral red. Reaching only 3 to 2 m in 20 years, it is a great specimen tree for small or container gardens.
Japanese maple 'Burgundy Lace'
The japanese maple 'Burgundy Lace' is unique mostly in its size, reaching a spread and height of approximately twelve feet. It also has multiple trunks and differs in color, with purple-red leaves that have a finer, more delicate texture. This cultivar grows a bit differently, following a growth pattern that is more similar to a shrub than to a tree.
Japanese maple 'Seiryu'
A Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) cultivar, japanese maple 'Seiryu' is selected for its upright growth form and leathery foliage that's lime green in spring, green with reddish tips in summer, and gold with red accents in autumn. The cultivar name "Seiryu" means "blue-green dragon" in Japanese, a reference to its summer foliage.
Cappadocian tree 'Rubrum'
Cappadocian tree 'Rubrum' is a beautiful cultivar of the Cappadocian maple (Acer cappadocicum) selected for its purple-red spring foliage. This cultivar was named after this unique feature: "rubrum" means "red." The cultivar offers 3-season interest as its leaves turn green in summer and yellow in fall.
Acer caudatifolium is an Asian species of maple, found only in China. The species is sometimes confused with another Taiwanese tree, Acer morrisonense. This species has been known to reach 20 metres tall. Leaves are non-compound, the blade narrowly ovate, up to 11 cm long by 4.5 cm wide, with serrate margins but no lobes.
Japanese maple 'Red Pygmy'
The popular tree family known as japanese maple 'Red Pygmy' change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Japanese maple 'Red Pygmy' popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Japanese maple 'Deshojo'
The popular tree family known as japanese maple 'Deshojo' change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Japanese maple 'Deshojo' popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Japanese maple 'Red Dragon'
The popular tree family known as japanese maple 'Red Dragon' change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Japanese maple 'Red Dragon' popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Japanese maple 'Chitoseyama'
Japanese maple 'Chitoseyama' is a Japanese maple (Acer palamtum) cultivar that grows only 3 m tall, unlike its parent plant which usually gets much taller. This makes it great for small gardens and yards, or even growing in containers. The cultivar was named after the Japanese mountain called Mount Chitose (chitose-yama), located on Senkaku Island in Okinawa.
Japanese maple 'Eddisbury'
Japanese maple 'Eddisbury' is named for an area of Cheshire County, England. This distinctive Japanese maple stands out because of its bright red bark, which makes it much more striking than the brown bark of the parent plant. This hybrid has paler green leaves than its parent. The leaves turn a bright shade of red in the fall.
Japanese maple 'Wilson's Pink Dwarf'
Japanese maple 'Wilson's Pink Dwarf' is a miniature tree offering bright orange and salmon-pink 5-lobed leaves. The leaves retain their unusual color through the seasons, becoming deep red in the fall. It is a cultivar of Acer palmatum named for its small size and pink color. Gardeners favor this plant for its ornamental interest and its rabbit-tolerance.
Japanese maple 'Skeeter's Broom'
Japanese maple 'Skeeter's Broom' is bred from the Japanese maple tree and its cultivar name honors the nursery worker who discovered it, Edward Skeeter Rodd of Pennsylvania. It is a miniature shrub popular for its pretty foliage, ability to fit into narrow garden spaces (it grows taller than it does wide), and its greater resistance to cold weather than other varieties.
Vine maple (Acer circinatum) is a maple tree native to western Northern America, especially the California coast. Vine maple normally grows in the wild but is occasionally cultivated for ornamental purposes. The tree bends over easily and can grow into the ground.
A relative of the sugar maple, the black maple, or Acer nigrum, grows 23 to 37 m tall. This deciduous tree displays small yellow-green flowers and magnificent orange-red and yellow fall foliage. Although it can be cultivated by seed, it is not known to be easy to propagate through cuttings.
The Acer pensylvanicum is native to the northeastern US and eastern Canada. It grows as a large wild shrub under the forest. It has a characteristic greenish bark striped with white on its young branches and has leaves with pink hues in spring and bright yellow in the fall.
Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum), as its name implies, is known for its large leaves. The wood is commercially used to produce a variety of products like furniture, guitars, and gun stocks. Bigleaf maple syrup is not as well-known or well-liked as that made from sugar maple trees, but can be produced just as easily.
Acer platanoides is a maple tree species native to Europe and West Asia. It is 20–30 m tall and has bright green, lobed leaves which turn yellow or red in the autumn. Introduced as an ornamental shade tree in the United States, it is now considered invasive. Outside of its northern range, it can be short-lived and susceptible to disease and damage.
Cappadocian tree is a species of maple tree that is a popular ornamental in Europe, often featuring in large gardens and parks. It produces root sprouts which are shoots that appear at the base of the trunk; this is a rare characteristic in maples. It comes from central Turkey, the historic region of Cappadocia, which explains the common name Cappadocian tree.
Tartarian maple tree (Acer tataricum) gets its name from the Tatar people of southern Russia. It is found across the temperate regions of Europe and Asia. It grows as either a shrub or tree and can reach heights of 12 m and generates winged seeds. Some farmers use the tartarian maple as a windbreak and it also serves as an ornamental tree.
The shandong maple, a medium-sized maple tree native to northern China, is grown as an ornamental plant. It is extremely easy to grow and makes an excellent street or small landscape tree. It tends to mature swiftly and can be anticipated to live for 100 years if properly cared for.
Acer monspessulanum is rarely seen in cultivation, but it's widely used in urban landscaping and parks. Commonly called montpellier maple, it is also a suitable choice for use as bonsai and is extremely popular among bonsai enthusiasts.
Pere david's maple
Pere david's maple is an important provider of nutrition for the larvae of the Imperial Moth. It is a spring-flowering deciduous tree noted for its interesting mottled bark which resembles snakeskin. Pere david's maple is so named for Jean Pierre Armand David who discovered the species in 1869.
Japanese maple 'Erythrocladum'
Japanese maple 'Erythrocladum' is cultivated from Japanese maple. The 'Erythrocladum' variety is prized for its bark and the tips of young shoots. It's what separates it from other trees in the family. The bark changes color from an orangish tan to bright red in the winter. The tips of the shoots are also red. With thin red lines running through the bark and tips, the tree resembles a piece of Christmas candy.
Japanese maple 'Tsuma'
Yellow leaves outlined in bright red are what give japanese maple 'Tsuma' its unique beauty. Cultivated as a graft of other Japanese maples, this cultivar's translated name means "red nail," because it reminds the gardener of a hand with red nail polish. Japanese maple 'Tsuma' is popular for its attractive foliage, compact size, and flattering growth habit.
Japanese maple 'Beni'
Japanese maple 'Beni' is a dwarf variety of Japanese maple that grows to just 1.5 m compared to the 10 m of the parent tree. This small size makes it an ideal garden feature shrub, with its ever-changing red, green-red, and yellow, red, and orange leaves. Appropriately, the name means 'red-haired dancing girl' in Japanese.
Japanese maple 'Extravaganza'
With striped purple and red leaves, the japanese maple 'Extravaganza' has great decorative appeal. The origin of its name and parentage are unknown. Apart from its warmer autumnal tones, the japanese maple 'Extravaganza' is popular among gardeners for its compact growth habit that makes it suitable for smaller gardens.
Japanese maple 'Sango'
The japanese maple 'Sango', known also as the sango kaku and sold formerly as senkaki, is a medium-sized acer tree cultivar with a name that means ‘coral tower.’ That’s because of its coral-accented bark and its foliage, which comes in pale green, and changes to golden and pink in the fall. It is a low-maintenance addition to a garden, needing just a little pruning to maintain an attractive shape.
Japanese maple 'Yasemin'
Japanese maple 'Yasemin' is a relatively new cultivar of Acer palmatum which offers rich red-burgundy leaves that are deeply lobed and have serrated edges. The foliage matures to a purple-red in fall. The tree is named after the founder's daughter, Mirte Yasemin. Gardeners choose it for its low maintenance needs and its resistance to rabbits.
Japanese maple 'Geisha Gone Wild'
The japanese maple 'Geisha Gone Wild' has a blaze of red, pink-fringed leaves quite different from the green leaves of the parent Japanese maple. The flowers' color mimics the subtle beauty of traditional Japanese Geisha costumes, so it was named Japanese maple 'Geisha Gone Wild', the plant readily features in gardens.
Japanese maple 'Emperor I'
A fast-growing compact maple cultivar, the japanese maple 'Emperor I' is hardy and may tolerate late frosts. The japanese maple 'Emperor I' is named for its hybridizer, Richard Wolff. A sport of the Acer palmatum Japanese maple, this cultivar is smaller but maintains a fiery red. All in all, this cultivar is beloved among gardeners for its fast growth rate, compactness, and red hue.
Japanese maple 'Chitose'
Japanese maple 'Chitose' is a Japanese maple that has striking red leaves in contrast to the green leaves of the parent tree. This hybrid is such a prized specimen tree that it has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Japanese maple 'Chitose' was developed in Japan in 1882 and named for the northern city, Chitose.
Sycamore 'Atropurpureum' is a cultivar of Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), selected for the color of its foliage. The leaves of this cultivar feature a dark green surface and a dark purple underside, hence the name: "atro" means "dark" and "purpureum" refers to the color purple.
Golden full-moon maple 'Kawaii'
Cultivated from the Japanese Maple, the golden full-moon maple 'Kawaii' is a smaller version of the Japanese Maple with all of the tree's beauty. This visually striking tree is only fifteen feet tall. Its name comes from the Japanese word for "cute," which references its smaller, more compact size.
Japanese maple 'Inaba'
The japanese maple 'Inaba' is known to be one of the most visually striking of all Japanese Maples and its varieties. It is more compact, so it can have a place in any garden. It features cascades of red lacy leaves appearing from its upright trunk. It starts as a reddish-purple color that transitions to a brighter, fiery crimson.
Acer mandshuricum is a slender deciduous tree that reaches a height of up to 30 meters tall but is usually smaller. It is a trifoliate maple related to such other species as three-flower maple (Acer triflorum) and paperbark maple (Acer griseum) but has smooth, gray bark dissimilar to the exfoliating bark of either. The leaves have a 7–10 cm petiole and three leaflets; the leaflets are short-stalked, oblong, 5–10 cm (2-4 inches) long and 1.5–3 cm broad, with serrated margins, the central leaflet the same size as or slightly larger than the two side leaflets. It leafs out early in the spring and the deep green leaves are contrast with its red petioles throughout the growing season. The flowers are yellowish-green, produced in corymbs of three to five together. The hard, horizontally-spreading samaras are 3-3.5 cm long and 1 cm broad.
The popular tree family known as candle-shape maple change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Candle-shape maple popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Red-twig korean maple
Acer barbinerve, commonly known as bearded maple, is an Asian species of maple found in Korea, eastern Russia, and northeastern China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning). Acer barbinerve may grow as a shrub or a multi-stemmed tree up to 7 meters tall. It has smooth gray bark; the leaves are non-compound, with 5 shallow lobes, the blade up to 10 cm long, with teeth along the edges.
Keijo maple (Acer pseudosieboldianum) is a small maple tree. This plant is cultivated as an ornamental due to its stunning shape and foliage that can change into shades of yellow, orange, and red in fall. The tree is also equipped with pretty white and purple flowers and winged fruits. This species is a magnificent shrub for parks and woodland gardens.
Grey snake-bark maple
Grey snake-bark maple is a shrub that can grow into a tree with distinctive mottled, striped bark that resembles a snakeskin - hence the name. The alternative name of redvein maple is attributed to the red-brown color of the leaf veins. Like many maples, grey snake-bark maple hosts larvae of the Imperial moth. It also attracts pollinators such as bees.