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Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Arbutus unedo
Also known as : Irish strawberry tree, Arbutus tree
Arbutus unedo is an evergreen shrub or a small tree native to Europe. It is colloquially called strawberry tree because its bright red fruits somewhat resemble strawberries. The fruits of this lovely plant are very nutritious and full of sugar, which is why they are mostly used for making jams, pastries, fruit yogurts, and alcoholic beverages.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 10
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care guide

Care Guide for Strawberry tree

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Watering Care
Watering Care
The Strawberry tree should be watered regularly when it is first planted until roots are solidly established. If planted outdoors, this species does not require regular watering in the winter season, but it should be given deep root watering regularly during the dry summer months. Soil should remain lightly moist between waterings.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
The strawberry tree should be fertilized with an organic fertilizer like manure. A mineral fertilizer is also acceptable for this species. Fertilization should occur every few weeks in the fall, spring, and summer months. Fertilization is not necessary during the winter.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements Ideal Lighting
Ideal Temperature
Ideal Temperature
7 to 10
Details on Temperature Ideal Temperature
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Strawberry tree
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 10
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
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Questions About Strawberry tree

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Strawberry tree?
Your Strawberry tree will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Strawberry tree. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Strawberry tree. However, the Strawberry tree usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Strawberry tree too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Strawberry tree can rely on rain most of the time.
When your Strawberry tree is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Strawberry tree, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Strawberry tree from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Strawberry tree in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Strawberry tree, simply water this plant more frequently.
Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Strawberry tree?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Strawberry tree is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants.
For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Strawberry tree. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Strawberry tree .
Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Strawberry tree need?
When it comes time to water your Strawberry tree, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Strawberry tree by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Strawberry tree gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes.
If your Strawberry tree is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Strawberry tree is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Strawberry tree a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Strawberry tree enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Strawberry tree, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Strawberry tree will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Strawberry tree will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Strawberry tree.
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How can I water my Strawberry tree at different growth stages?
When the Strawberry tree is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Strawberry tree that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Strawberry tree can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Strawberry tree is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Strawberry tree through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Strawberry tree. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Strawberry tree will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Strawberry tree indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Strawberry tree may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Key Facts About Strawberry tree

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Attributes of Strawberry tree

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Early spring, Mid fall, Late fall, Winter
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
5 m to 15 m
Spread
1.8 m to 4.5 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
4 mm to 6 mm
Flower Color
White
Pink
Fruit Color
Red
Stem Color
Brown
Red
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Fall, Winter
Pollinators
Bees
Growth Rate
Slow

Name story

Strawberry tree
Although it is called this name, it has nothing to do with Fragaria ananassa. It may be due to the fruit turning strawberry colored during maturity and it has a sweet flavor. Hence, it is called a strawberry tree.

Symbolism

Power to enhance feelings of love and gratitude, romance, good fortune

Usages

Garden Use
Strawberry tree offers year-round ornamental interest to gardens due to its eye-catching blooms, foliage, and berries. This attractive tree can be trained to have a single trunk form, but grows naturally as a multi-stem, providing an unusual aesthetic. Gardeners prize this tree for being relatively disease and pest-free.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

The epithet in its botanical name was reportedly derived from the Latin 'unum edo' meaning 'I eat one'. This phrase refers to the lack of flavor Arbutus unedo fruit, suggesting that anyone who tries it would not eat more than one fruit.

Scientific Classification of Strawberry tree

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Strawberry tree

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Common issues for Strawberry tree based on 10 million real cases
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Lace bugs
Lace bugs Lace bugs
Lace bugs
Lace bugs are 3 to 5 mm translucent flying insects that suck sap from the plant.
Solutions: Lace bugs can be controlled in various ways. For severe cases: Introduce beneficial insects that eat lace bugs, such as parasitoid wasps, assassin bugs, and lady beetles. Avoid spraying unnecessary pesticides so as not to reduce the populations of these helpful predators. Spray plants with insecticidal soap or neem oil under all leaves of the affected and surrounding plants. Make sure the soap hits the insects. Spray in the morning, evening, or on a cloudy day to avoid damaging plant tissue. Trim and burn heavily infected plant limbs. As a last resort use an insecticide containing pyrethroids to kill the lace bugs. Remember that these products will also likely kill beneficial insects such as bees. For less severe cases: Rub off lace bugs from under the leaves using a damp cloth. Use the strong stream of a hose to spray these pests off plants. This washes the nymphs off and onto the ground where they cannot return to the leaves of the plant. Large trees generally do not need to be treated for lace bugs, since they don't damage their overall health.
Fruit Spot
Fruit Spot Fruit Spot
Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Solutions: Prune regularly - prune as a preventative measure as well as to remove any plants and plant parts affected by fruit Spot. Improve air circulation and drainage Fertilize as needed Spray applications - there are few programs that are effective at controlling fruit Spot for home growers, but the local cooperative extension may be able to provide information regarding potential chemical treatments if the disease is severe.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Longhorn beetles
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Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
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Lace bugs
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Lace bugs
Lace bugs are 3 to 5 mm translucent flying insects that suck sap from the plant.
Overview
Overview
Lace bugs are tiny winged insect pests that feed on the sap of the plant that they infest. There are a number of different types, which each attack certain species of plants. A severe infestation can cause leaf drop, and a reduction of fruit yield also occurs on infested fruit trees. They are most active in late summer and fall.
Lace bugs can be difficult to detect, so damage may be seen before the insect pests are detected. While adult lace bugs are brown to black with lacy wings that lay flat against their body, the nymphs are clear when they first hatch and then gradually turn black. They have small spines around their bodies. These nymphs will mature into adults within 3 or 4 weeks.
Although the damage caused by lace bugs is somewhat unsightly, it does not seriously harm the plant. The most susceptible species of plants include azaleas, rhododendrons, olive and macadamia trees, and plane trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When lace bugs infest a plant's leaves, yellow spots can be seen on the upper surface. The underside of the leaves is usually fouled with black bug droppings that are tar-like.
Lace bugs spend their entire lifecycle on the leaves of the plant they have infested, from egg to adult. They are tiny sap-sucking insects that are around 3 mm long. The adults lay their eggs on the undersides of the leaves. When the eggs hatch, the nymphs start to feed on the sap of the leaves.
When an entire leaf is infested, it takes on a bronze appearance. Eventually, severely affected leaves will drop off the plant.
Some lace bugs also feed on flower buds. This causes the tips of the flowers to blacken. Eventually, the entire flower will turn black and drop off.
Solutions
Solutions
Lace bugs can be controlled in various ways.
For severe cases:
  1. Introduce beneficial insects that eat lace bugs, such as parasitoid wasps, assassin bugs, and lady beetles. Avoid spraying unnecessary pesticides so as not to reduce the populations of these helpful predators.
  2. Spray plants with insecticidal soap or neem oil under all leaves of the affected and surrounding plants. Make sure the soap hits the insects. Spray in the morning, evening, or on a cloudy day to avoid damaging plant tissue.
  3. Trim and burn heavily infected plant limbs.
  4. As a last resort use an insecticide containing pyrethroids to kill the lace bugs. Remember that these products will also likely kill beneficial insects such as bees.
For less severe cases:
  1. Rub off lace bugs from under the leaves using a damp cloth.
  2. Use the strong stream of a hose to spray these pests off plants. This washes the nymphs off and onto the ground where they cannot return to the leaves of the plant.
  3. Large trees generally do not need to be treated for lace bugs, since they don't damage their overall health.
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Fruit Spot
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Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Overview
Overview
If there are brown or black spots on the unripened fruits of plants, there is a good chance that fruit Spot could be to blame. This is an informal term used to describe several types of diseases that all cause these same symptoms: unattractive spots on fruits and vegetables.
There are a few different culprits behind fruit Spot, including bacterial spot, bacterial speck, and other related diseases (like early blight). Here are some symptoms and potential solutions to consider.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms of fruit Spot vary depending on which type of plant is affected as well as by which specific pathogen is to blame. Just about every type of plant can be affected by fruit Spot, including tomatoes, pears, plums, onions, strawberries, celery, peaches, and more.
Here are some examples of potential symptoms:
Small Fruit Spot
Small spots are most commonly associated with bacterial speck.
  • Spots may appear on fruits as well as leaves and other aboveground areas of the plant
  • Small black specks appear on infected fruits (spots are less than 1/16” in diameter)
  • Spots are raised with distinct margins, developing into sunken pits as the fruit matures
  • Fruit tissue near the spot stays green longer than the rest of the fruit
  • Spots are dark brown to black in color, with nearby spots often growing together
Large Fruit Spot
Large spots are often seen on plants suffering from bacterial spot, early blight, and related diseases.
  • Spots are large, sometimes larger than 1.3 cm
  • Some spots may look like targets with a brown to greyish coloration
  • Older spots are black and raised with lobed borders
  • Spots are superficial only, not penetrating into the seed cavity
  • Spots may turn into sunken pits, turning into craters as they get older
  • The skin of the fruit can be cracked and produce a water-soaked border
  • Some spots may ooze a gelatinous substance
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are a few culprits behind the fruit Spot. These depend on the pathogen as well as the type of plant. Bacterial speck and bacterial spot are both common diseases that can affect tomatoes, ground cherries, and other plants.
Bacterial speck is caused by Pseudomonas syringae. First discovered in the United States in 1933, it is most common in tomatoes and nearby weeds but can affect other kinds of plants and their fruits, too. It is more prevalent in low temperatures (less than 24 ℃) and high moisture.
Bacterial spot is caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vesicatoria. First discovered in Texas in 1912, this disease is more common in warm weather and conditions of high moisture.
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distribution

Distribution of Strawberry tree

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Habitat of Strawberry tree

Woodland, scrub, rocky hillsides, limestone, sandstone
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Strawberry tree

Strawberry tree is native to the Mediterranean and parts of Europe, where it prefers loose woodlands, scrub areas, and rocky hillsides. It has been cultivated around the world as an ornamental, and is considered an introduced species in New Zealand and the Canary Isles.
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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Strawberry Tree Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Strawberry tree originates from Mediterranean regions, including parts of Europe and North Africa. It is commonly found in coastal areas and rocky hillsides with well-drained soil. This plant is adapted to a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. To meet the watering needs of strawberry tree, it is important to provide consistent moisture during dry periods, but avoid overwatering, as the plant is adapted to periodic droughts. Maintaining a slightly moist soil is crucial for the health and vigor of strawberry tree.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
The strawberry tree flourishes under generous sun exposures, yet also thrives with a degree of shade. Its original habitat involves locations where sun is abundant. The plant’s healthy growth is strongly tied to ample sun, while lack of sun exposure may lead to poor vitality. Over exposure, however, may stress the plant.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
-10 - 41 ℃
Strawberry tree prefers a moderate temperature range of 59 to 95 ℉ (15 to 35 ℃) and can tolerate some cold, surviving short periods of below freezing temperatures. In warmer months, it benefits from some shade to avoid sunscorch.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
6-10 feet
With strawberry tree, the key transplanting window is late winter to early spring as it promotes beneficial root growth. A well-draining spot that gets plenty of sun or partial shade is perfect. Remember, gentle handling of the root-ball during transplanting is vital.
Transplant Techniques
Pollination
Normal
As a wonder of the natural world, strawberry tree primarily lures industrious bees for pollination using a colorful visual spectacle of pendent bell-shaped white-pink flowers creating a rich nectar buffet. The transformation from alluring bloom to juicy fruit generally occurs during autumn, utilizing cross-pollination methodology for genetic diversity. The extraordinary strategy of wind assistance boosts this action, facilitating pollinator mobility and success.
Pollination Techniques
Overwinter
-10 - 41 ℃
The strawberry tree is native to the warmer climates of western Europe, where winters are milder. Its thick, evergreen leaves provide natural cold protection, and its tough bark is also a handy winter survival tool. For gardeners, the key to strawberry tree's winter care includes ensuring well-drained soil to prevent waterlogging and providing a sunny, sheltered location. Light pruning in late winter helps stimulate healthy spring growth.
Winter Techniques
Pruning
Spring
This evergreen shrub is known for its bell-shaped flowers and edible red fruits. For strawberry tree, prune to maintain shape and remove dead or diseased wood, focusing on thinning the center to improve air circulation. Pruning should occur in early to late spring, after berries have matured. Specific to strawberry tree is the ability to tolerate heavy pruning, which can rejuvenate older plants and stimulate new growth. Proper pruning enhances fruit production and maintains plant health.
Pruning techniques
Feng shui direction
Northwest
The strawberry tree is generally perceived to have high compatibility with Northwest-facing directions in Feng Shui practice. Its evergreen nature and round-shaped fruits are associated with a steady flow of positive energy(Chi) and completion respectively, traits considered beneficial for areas facing this particular direction. However, interpretations can vary according to personal beliefs and environment.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Strawberry tree

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Horse Chestnut
Horse Chestnut
The horse Chestnut was the tree that Anne Frank mentioned in her diary. While the original tree fell down in 2010, there have been new trees planted around the world from the original seeds. Horse Chestnut 's seeds resemble chestnuts, but they are inedible and toxic.
Silver inch plant
Silver inch plant
The silver inch plant is a popular trailing plant known for its attractive foliage with zebra-like stripes of green, silver, and purple. Tradescantia zebrina is very easy to care for and can be hung or placed indoors. The plant grows fast; the creeping stems bear roots along the way, making it suitable as ground cover.
Lambsquarters
Lambsquarters
Lambsquarters has many other names, including pigweed, goosefoot, and bacon weed. This plant seems to appear out of nowhere and is considered by many to be a pesky weed. However, the greens of this plant are edible, can be prepared similar to spinach, and are packed with nutrients.
Ivyleaf morning-glory
Ivyleaf morning-glory
Ivyleaf morning-glory is a Central American flowering vine. It has hairy leaves and lavender, white, and rose-colored trumpet-shaped flowers. It also bears egg-shaped fruits. This species flourishes in places with tropical climates. It grows well on railroads, abandoned sites, and landfills.
Cape leadwort
Cape leadwort
Cape leadwort is a flowering plant native to South Africa. Its Latin name, Plumbago auriculata, is derived from the word auriculata meaning "with ears," referring to the shape of its leaves. The leaves serve as food for the caterpillar of the Hummingbird hawk-moth. The plant's sticky sepals, on the other hand, can grab animals as small as a housefly.
Italian arum
Italian arum
Native to the Mediterranean, the italian arum is cultivated as an ornamental plant and has been naturalized in a variety of places, including the Caucasus region, Argentina, and the United States. The berries and leaves are considered to be poisonous and should avoid ingesting.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree
Arbutus unedo
Also known as: Irish strawberry tree, Arbutus tree
Arbutus unedo is an evergreen shrub or a small tree native to Europe. It is colloquially called strawberry tree because its bright red fruits somewhat resemble strawberries. The fruits of this lovely plant are very nutritious and full of sugar, which is why they are mostly used for making jams, pastries, fruit yogurts, and alcoholic beverages.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 10
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Questions About Strawberry tree

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
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Key Facts About Strawberry tree

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Attributes of Strawberry tree

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Early spring, Mid fall, Late fall, Winter
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
5 m to 15 m
Spread
1.8 m to 4.5 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
4 mm to 6 mm
Flower Color
White
Pink
Fruit Color
Red
Stem Color
Brown
Red
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Fall, Winter
Pollinators
Bees
Growth Rate
Slow
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Name story

Strawberry tree
Although it is called this name, it has nothing to do with Fragaria ananassa. It may be due to the fruit turning strawberry colored during maturity and it has a sweet flavor. Hence, it is called a strawberry tree.

Symbolism

Power to enhance feelings of love and gratitude, romance, good fortune

Usages

Garden Use
Strawberry tree offers year-round ornamental interest to gardens due to its eye-catching blooms, foliage, and berries. This attractive tree can be trained to have a single trunk form, but grows naturally as a multi-stem, providing an unusual aesthetic. Gardeners prize this tree for being relatively disease and pest-free.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

The epithet in its botanical name was reportedly derived from the Latin 'unum edo' meaning 'I eat one'. This phrase refers to the lack of flavor Arbutus unedo fruit, suggesting that anyone who tries it would not eat more than one fruit.

Scientific Classification of Strawberry tree

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Strawberry tree

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Common issues for Strawberry tree based on 10 million real cases
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
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Lace bugs
Lace bugs Lace bugs Lace bugs
Lace bugs are 3 to 5 mm translucent flying insects that suck sap from the plant.
Solutions: Lace bugs can be controlled in various ways. For severe cases: Introduce beneficial insects that eat lace bugs, such as parasitoid wasps, assassin bugs, and lady beetles. Avoid spraying unnecessary pesticides so as not to reduce the populations of these helpful predators. Spray plants with insecticidal soap or neem oil under all leaves of the affected and surrounding plants. Make sure the soap hits the insects. Spray in the morning, evening, or on a cloudy day to avoid damaging plant tissue. Trim and burn heavily infected plant limbs. As a last resort use an insecticide containing pyrethroids to kill the lace bugs. Remember that these products will also likely kill beneficial insects such as bees. For less severe cases: Rub off lace bugs from under the leaves using a damp cloth. Use the strong stream of a hose to spray these pests off plants. This washes the nymphs off and onto the ground where they cannot return to the leaves of the plant. Large trees generally do not need to be treated for lace bugs, since they don't damage their overall health.
Learn More About the Lace bugs more
Fruit Spot
Fruit Spot Fruit Spot Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Solutions: Prune regularly - prune as a preventative measure as well as to remove any plants and plant parts affected by fruit Spot. Improve air circulation and drainage Fertilize as needed Spray applications - there are few programs that are effective at controlling fruit Spot for home growers, but the local cooperative extension may be able to provide information regarding potential chemical treatments if the disease is severe.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Longhorn beetles
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Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Keeping trees healthy, uninjured, and unstressed will help prevent beetle infestation. Water trees appropriately, giving neither too much nor too little.
  • Check with local tree companies about which tree species have fewer problems.
  • Avoid moving firewood as this can introduce exotic longhorn beetles.
  • Routine spraying of persistent, broad-spectrum insecticides will help prevent re-infestation of previously affected trees or infestation of unaffected trees.
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Lace bugs
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Lace bugs
Lace bugs are 3 to 5 mm translucent flying insects that suck sap from the plant.
Overview
Overview
Lace bugs are tiny winged insect pests that feed on the sap of the plant that they infest. There are a number of different types, which each attack certain species of plants. A severe infestation can cause leaf drop, and a reduction of fruit yield also occurs on infested fruit trees. They are most active in late summer and fall.
Lace bugs can be difficult to detect, so damage may be seen before the insect pests are detected. While adult lace bugs are brown to black with lacy wings that lay flat against their body, the nymphs are clear when they first hatch and then gradually turn black. They have small spines around their bodies. These nymphs will mature into adults within 3 or 4 weeks.
Although the damage caused by lace bugs is somewhat unsightly, it does not seriously harm the plant. The most susceptible species of plants include azaleas, rhododendrons, olive and macadamia trees, and plane trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When lace bugs infest a plant's leaves, yellow spots can be seen on the upper surface. The underside of the leaves is usually fouled with black bug droppings that are tar-like.
Lace bugs spend their entire lifecycle on the leaves of the plant they have infested, from egg to adult. They are tiny sap-sucking insects that are around 3 mm long. The adults lay their eggs on the undersides of the leaves. When the eggs hatch, the nymphs start to feed on the sap of the leaves.
When an entire leaf is infested, it takes on a bronze appearance. Eventually, severely affected leaves will drop off the plant.
Some lace bugs also feed on flower buds. This causes the tips of the flowers to blacken. Eventually, the entire flower will turn black and drop off.
Solutions
Solutions
Lace bugs can be controlled in various ways.
For severe cases:
  1. Introduce beneficial insects that eat lace bugs, such as parasitoid wasps, assassin bugs, and lady beetles. Avoid spraying unnecessary pesticides so as not to reduce the populations of these helpful predators.
  2. Spray plants with insecticidal soap or neem oil under all leaves of the affected and surrounding plants. Make sure the soap hits the insects. Spray in the morning, evening, or on a cloudy day to avoid damaging plant tissue.
  3. Trim and burn heavily infected plant limbs.
  4. As a last resort use an insecticide containing pyrethroids to kill the lace bugs. Remember that these products will also likely kill beneficial insects such as bees.
For less severe cases:
  1. Rub off lace bugs from under the leaves using a damp cloth.
  2. Use the strong stream of a hose to spray these pests off plants. This washes the nymphs off and onto the ground where they cannot return to the leaves of the plant.
  3. Large trees generally do not need to be treated for lace bugs, since they don't damage their overall health.
Prevention
Prevention
Simple steps for preventing lace bugs:
  1. Avoid buying or transplanting plants with an infestation, by examining the leaves closely.
  2. Keep plants in top health with regular watering, compost, and fertilizer applications.
  3. Move heat-stressed plants in high sun locations to partial shade.
  4. Clear debris around plants to remove overwintering insects.
  5. Check plants for lace bugs in the late spring before their population peaks in the summer. Treat before populations increase.
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Fruit Spot
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Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Overview
Overview
If there are brown or black spots on the unripened fruits of plants, there is a good chance that fruit Spot could be to blame. This is an informal term used to describe several types of diseases that all cause these same symptoms: unattractive spots on fruits and vegetables.
There are a few different culprits behind fruit Spot, including bacterial spot, bacterial speck, and other related diseases (like early blight). Here are some symptoms and potential solutions to consider.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms of fruit Spot vary depending on which type of plant is affected as well as by which specific pathogen is to blame. Just about every type of plant can be affected by fruit Spot, including tomatoes, pears, plums, onions, strawberries, celery, peaches, and more.
Here are some examples of potential symptoms:
Small Fruit Spot
Small spots are most commonly associated with bacterial speck.
  • Spots may appear on fruits as well as leaves and other aboveground areas of the plant
  • Small black specks appear on infected fruits (spots are less than 1/16” in diameter)
  • Spots are raised with distinct margins, developing into sunken pits as the fruit matures
  • Fruit tissue near the spot stays green longer than the rest of the fruit
  • Spots are dark brown to black in color, with nearby spots often growing together
Large Fruit Spot
Large spots are often seen on plants suffering from bacterial spot, early blight, and related diseases.
  • Spots are large, sometimes larger than 1.3 cm
  • Some spots may look like targets with a brown to greyish coloration
  • Older spots are black and raised with lobed borders
  • Spots are superficial only, not penetrating into the seed cavity
  • Spots may turn into sunken pits, turning into craters as they get older
  • The skin of the fruit can be cracked and produce a water-soaked border
  • Some spots may ooze a gelatinous substance
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are a few culprits behind the fruit Spot. These depend on the pathogen as well as the type of plant. Bacterial speck and bacterial spot are both common diseases that can affect tomatoes, ground cherries, and other plants.
Bacterial speck is caused by Pseudomonas syringae. First discovered in the United States in 1933, it is most common in tomatoes and nearby weeds but can affect other kinds of plants and their fruits, too. It is more prevalent in low temperatures (less than 24 ℃) and high moisture.
Bacterial spot is caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vesicatoria. First discovered in Texas in 1912, this disease is more common in warm weather and conditions of high moisture.
Solutions
Solutions
  • Prune regularly - prune as a preventative measure as well as to remove any plants and plant parts affected by fruit Spot.
  • Improve air circulation and drainage
  • Fertilize as needed
  • Spray applications - there are few programs that are effective at controlling fruit Spot for home growers, but the local cooperative extension may be able to provide information regarding potential chemical treatments if the disease is severe.
Prevention
Prevention
There are several ways to prevent both types of fruit Spot from affecting yields and harvests:
  • Rotate crops - do not plant the same kind of plant in the same spot each year, instead switching out locations every two to three years
  • Use disease-free seeds and transplants - using a hot water treatment to sterilize seeds before planting can also be effective
  • Irrigate early in the day to give plants time to dry off before nightfall
  • Avoid working around plants when they are wet
  • Control weeds
  • Remove debris or plow it under at the end of the growing season
  • Fertilize with higher amounts of nitrogen and use less calcium
  • Plant resistant cultivars when available
  • Do not clip plants when transplanting
  • Dispose of affected plant parts immediately (do not compost)
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Distribution of Strawberry tree

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Habitat of Strawberry tree

Woodland, scrub, rocky hillsides, limestone, sandstone
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Strawberry tree

Strawberry tree is native to the Mediterranean and parts of Europe, where it prefers loose woodlands, scrub areas, and rocky hillsides. It has been cultivated around the world as an ornamental, and is considered an introduced species in New Zealand and the Canary Isles.
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Exotic
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Strawberry Tree Watering Instructions
Strawberry tree originates from Mediterranean regions, including parts of Europe and North Africa. It is commonly found in coastal areas and rocky hillsides with well-drained soil. This plant is adapted to a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. To meet the watering needs of strawberry tree, it is important to provide consistent moisture during dry periods, but avoid overwatering, as the plant is adapted to periodic droughts. Maintaining a slightly moist soil is crucial for the health and vigor of strawberry tree.
When Should I Water My Strawberry Tree?
Introduction
Proper and timely watering plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and development of the strawberry tree. It contributes to its optimal growth, vibrant flower production, and resistance against diseases. Therefore, understanding the appropriate signals indicating when the plant should be watered is essential.
Soil Moisture Level
Check the top 1 to 2 inches of soil around the base of the strawberry tree. If it feels dry to the touch, this is a clear sign that the plant needs watering. However, if the soil feels moist, it is an indication that the plant does not require immediate watering.
Leaf Condition
Observe the leaves of the strawberry tree for signs of under-watering. Wilted, lackluster, or faded/yellowing leaves suggest that the plant is not receiving enough water. Healthy, turgid leaves indicate that the plant is adequately hydrated.
Thirsty Roots
Inspect the root system of the strawberry tree. If the roots appear dry, shriveled, or discolored, it is a sign that the plant is experiencing water stress and needs watering.
Flower Bud Formation
Especially during the pre-flowering or bud formation stage, the strawberry tree requires more water. Inadequate water supply during this critical period may result in bud drop and hinder proper flowering.
Temperature and Sun Exposure
High temperatures and prolonged exposure to bright sunlight increase the strawberry tree's water requirement. If the plant is experiencing these conditions, it is important to ensure proper watering to compensate for increased water loss through evaporation.
Early Watering Risks
Watering the strawberry tree too early, while the soil is still moist, can lead to root rot, fungal infestations, and other root diseases caused by over-watering. It is important to avoid excessive and unnecessary watering.
Late Watering Risks
Watering the strawberry tree too late, after an extended period of excessively dry soil, can result in temporary wilting and stunted growth. In severe cases, it may lead to dehydration and plant death. Timely watering is crucial to prevent irreversible damage to the plant.
Conclusion
By understanding and recognizing these signs, you can effectively manage the watering schedule of the strawberry tree. Proper water management not only promotes growth and flowering, but also prolongs the plant's lifespan and maintains its overall health.
How Should I Water My Strawberry Tree?
Watering Requirements
Strawberry tree, has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
For strawberry tree, it is best to water deeply and infrequently. This means thoroughly saturating the soil, allowing it to dry out slightly between watering sessions. Avoid over-watering as it can lead to root rot and other issues. A good rule of thumb is to check the moisture level of the soil before watering. Stick your finger about an inch into the soil, and if it feels slightly dry, it's time to water.
Bottom-watering Method
Bottom-watering is a great technique for strawberry tree. Place the plant pot in a tray or saucer filled with water and allow the roots to absorb moisture from the bottom. This method helps prevent excessive moisture on the foliage and encourages deeper root growth.
Misting
Misting the foliage of strawberry tree can be beneficial, particularly in dry environments or during hot summers. This helps to increase humidity around the plant and keep the leaves hydrated. However, avoid misting excessively as it can lead to fungal diseases.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can for strawberry tree, it's best to choose one with a narrow spout. This allows for precise watering at the base of the plant, minimizing water contact with the foliage.
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can be helpful for strawberry tree. It allows you to accurately measure the moisture levels in the soil and determine when watering is necessary.
Areas to Focus on
When watering strawberry tree, focus on thoroughly wetting the root zone. Direct the water towards the base of the plant, avoiding excessive watering of the foliage. This helps prevent fungal diseases and ensures optimal hydration.
Areas to Avoid
Avoid watering the foliage of strawberry tree excessively to minimize the risk of fungal diseases. Additionally, avoid watering the plant from above with a strong stream of water as it may damage the delicate foliage.
Additional Tips
It's important to note that strawberry tree prefers well-draining soil. Ensure that the pot or planting area has proper drainage to prevent waterlogging. Additionally, consider watering in the morning to allow excess moisture on the foliage to dry off during the day.
How Much Water Does Strawberry Tree Really Need?
Introduction
Strawberry tree is a plant from the Mediterranean region, known for its beautiful red berries and attractive evergreen foliage. It is adapted to thrive in a variety of habitats, including forests, scrublands, and rocky slopes. Understanding its natural habitat helps determine its hydration needs.
Optimal Watering Quantity
Strawberry tree has a moderately deep root system, typically extending 12-18 inches into the soil. To ensure proper hydration, water the plant deeply until water reaches the bottom of the pot. The size of the pot and the plant itself influence the amount of water required. For a small strawberry tree plant in a 6-inch pot, a watering volume of approximately 1/2 to 1 cup (120-240 ml) per watering session is sufficient. For a larger plant in a 12-inch pot, aim for a watering volume of 2-3 cups (480-720 ml) per session.
Signs of Proper Hydration
When strawberry tree receives the right amount of water, its leaves will appear vibrant and healthy, and the plant will exhibit sturdy growth. Overwatering can cause the leaves to turn yellow or brown, while underwatering can lead to leaf wilting and a generally droopy appearance. Observing the plant's foliage and overall vitality can indicate proper hydration.
Risks of Improper Watering
Providing too much water to strawberry tree can result in root rot and fungal infections. Excessive water can also lead to nutrient leaching and poor oxygenation in the root zone. On the other hand, underwatering can cause drought stress, stunted growth, and reduced fruit production. It is important to strike a balance and avoid extremes in watering.
Additional Advice
As strawberry tree is tolerant of some drought, it is crucial to allow the soil to dry out partially between watering sessions. However, it is essential to avoid letting the plant's root ball completely dry out, as this can harm the plant. Using well-draining soil and providing proper drainage in the pot can help prevent waterlogging and improve overall plant health.
How Often Should I Water Strawberry Tree?
Every 1-2 weeks
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Strawberry Tree?
ideal water type
Strawberry tree prefers rainwater or distilled water due to its preference for softer, lower pH water. However, tap water that has been sufficiently treated to remove harmful chemicals can also be used.
chlorine sensitivity
Strawberry tree is sensitive to chlorine. It is helpful to let tap water sit out for 24 hours before watering the plant, this allows for chlorine to evaporate, reducing potential harm.
fluoride sensitivity
Strawberry tree is also sensitive to fluoride which is often present in municipal tap water. Again, using rainwater, distilled water, or adequately treated and dechlorinated tap water can mitigate this issue.
mineral sensitivity
Strawberry tree favors a more acidic soil, which can be affected by the use of hard tap water containing higher levels of minerals like calcium and magnesium. While the plant can tolerate these minerals to an extent, excessive amounts over time can impact soil acidity and hinder plant health.
temperature preferences
Strawberry tree prefers water that is roughly room temperature. Water that is too hot or too cold can shock the plant's system, leading to poor health or slower growth.
How Do Strawberry Tree's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water strawberry tree in Spring?
During spring, strawberry tree experiences its active growth phase. It is essential to maintain consistent soil moisture to support healthy growth. Water regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist.
How to Water strawberry tree in Summer?
In summer, strawberry tree may enter a drought period where it undergoes natural dormancy to conserve energy. Reduce watering frequency, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings.
How to Water strawberry tree in Autumn?
During autumn, strawberry tree prepares for winter dormancy. Gradually decrease the frequency of watering as the plant enters its dormant phase. Ensure the soil remains lightly moist.
How to Water strawberry tree in Winter?
In winter, strawberry tree experiences its dormant period. Water sparingly as the plant requires minimal moisture during this time. Allow the topsoil to dry out between waterings.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Strawberry Tree Watering Routine?
Using a Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can help assess strawberry tree's deeper soil moisture needs and prevent over or under-watering. This plant prefers its soil to be mostly dry before the next watering, and a meter can effectively measure this.
Watering Time
Watering strawberry tree early in the morning allows the water to penetrate the soil thoroughly before the high evaporation rates of mid-day. It also helps prevent fungal diseases by minimizing the plant's exposure to dampness.
Avoid Over-Watering
Many gardeners mistakenly think that strawberry tree requires constant watering due to its preference for moist conditions. However, it is more tolerant of drought than perceived, and over-watering can lead to root rot. It's important to allow the top few inches of soil to dry out before watering again.
Assessing Soil Moisture
To assess strawberry tree's soil moisture beyond the surface level, insert a finger or a moisture probe into the soil. If it feels slightly moist about an inch below the surface, it doesn't need watering yet. If it feels dry at that depth, it's time to water.
Thirst Signs
Strawberry tree typically shows signs of thirst through wilting leaves, drooping stems, and dry soil. However, it's important not to rely solely on visual cues, as other factors like temperature and humidity can also affect the plant's appearance.
Over-Watering Signs
Over-watering strawberry tree can lead to yellowing leaves, root rot, and a general decline in health. If the leaves are constantly drooping, even when the soil is moist, it may be a sign of over-watering.
Watering During Heatwaves
During a heatwave, strawberry tree may require more frequent watering due to increased evaporation. Keep a close eye on the soil moisture and adjust watering accordingly. However, be cautious not to over-water, as the plant can still suffer from excessive moisture.
Watering During Extended Rain
During extended periods of rain, it's important to ensure that the soil drains well to prevent waterlogging and root rot. If the soil becomes waterlogged, consider using a watering can instead of a hose to control the amount of water applied.
Watering When Stressed
When strawberry tree is stressed, such as during transplanting or extreme weather conditions, it may require more regular watering to help it recover. Monitor the plant closely and adjust the watering schedule as needed to support its recovery.
Mulching for Moisture Retention
Applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of strawberry tree can help retain soil moisture, regulate temperature, and suppress weed growth. This can be particularly beneficial during hot and dry periods.
Watering in Containers
When strawberry tree is grown in containers, it's important not to let the soil completely dry out. Check the moisture level regularly by inserting a finger into the soil. If it feels dry at the top inch, it's time to water. Ensure proper drainage to prevent waterlogging.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Strawberry Tree?
Overview of Hydroponics
Strawberry tree can be successfully grown using hydroponics, which is a method of cultivating plants without soil, using a water-based nutrient solution instead.
Hydroponic System
The nutrient film technique (NFT) is best suited for strawberry tree as it allows for continuous nutrient flow and oxygenation of the roots. This system involves a shallow, sloping trough where a thin film of nutrient solution constantly flows over the roots, providing them with water, oxygen, and nutrients.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
Strawberry tree prefers a nutrient solution with a balanced concentration of macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) and micronutrients (trace elements like iron, manganese, and zinc). The concentration should be adjusted to 800-1000 ppm (parts per million) for optimal growth. The pH level of the nutrient solution should be maintained at 5.8-6.2. The nutrient solution should be changed every 1-2 weeks to prevent nutrient imbalances or buildup.
Challenges and Common Issues
When growing strawberry tree hydroponically, root rot can be a common issue if the roots are constantly submerged in water. To combat this, it is crucial to ensure proper oxygenation of the roots by maintaining a constant flow of nutrient solution. Nutrient imbalances can also occur if the nutrient solution is not properly balanced or if the pH level is not within the optimal range. Additionally, strawberry tree requires sufficient light for photosynthesis. Insufficient light can lead to stunted growth or yellowing of leaves.
Monitoring Plant Health
Keep an eye out for stressed strawberry tree plants in a hydroponic setup. Signs of stress include wilting, yellowing of leaves, or slow growth. Check the pH level of the nutrient solution regularly and monitor root health. Healthy roots should be white or off-white. Brown or black roots indicate root rot.
Adjusting the Hydroponic Environment
As strawberry tree grows, it may require adjustments to the hydroponic environment. Increase the nutrient concentration gradually as the plant matures, but avoid excessive nutrient levels. Adjust the lighting intensity, duration, and distance from the plants as needed. Ensure proper airflow and ventilation to prevent high humidity levels and stagnant air pockets.
Nutrient Solution Concentration
800-1000 ppm
Nutrient Solution pH
5.8-6.2
Nutrient Solution Change Frequency
Every 1-2 weeks
Common Challenges
Root rot, nutrient imbalances, insufficient lighting
Monitor Plant Health
Wilting, yellowing leaves, slow growth
Important Symptoms
Overwatering Symptoms of Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, root rot, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Leaf drop
When plants are overwatered, they may shed their leaves as a response to stress, even if the leaves appear green and healthy.
Mold and mildew
Overwatered plants create a damp environment that can encourage the growth of mold and mildew on soil.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering Symptoms of Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dry stems
Due to insufficient water, plant stems may become dry or brittle, making the branches easy to break.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Strawberry Tree
Why are the leaves of my strawberry tree starting to turn yellow?
Yellowing leaves in the strawberry tree could be due to waterlogging or overwatering. This plant prefers well-drained soils, and excessive water could lead to root rot. Reduce your watering frequency and ensure your plant's soil drains well.
My strawberry tree seems to be wilting despite regular watering. What could be the problem?
Despite being drought-resistant, strawberry tree can still wilt from under-watering during periods of extreme heat. During such times, increase your watering frequency to keep the soil slightly moist but not waterlogged to help the plant recover.
There are dark, dry patches appearing at the edges of my strawberry tree plant's leaves. What's causing this?
Dark, dry patches on the leaves of your strawberry tree could be a symptom of dehydration or lack of water. While strawberry tree can tolerate drought to some extent, prolonged dry periods can stress the plant. Increase your watering routine during dry spells for healthier foliage.
What should I do if the leaves of my strawberry tree are falling prematurely?
If your strawberry tree is shedding leaves prematurely, this could be due to either overwatering or underwatering. Assess your watering routine and the moisture in the soil. Also, ensure the plant is planted in well-draining soil and that it’s not left to sit in standing water.
The growth of my strawberry tree is stunted. Could this be related to watering?
Yes, improper watering can hinder the growth of your strawberry tree. Both overwatering and underwatering can stress the plant and affect its growth. Adjust your watering schedule depending on the season, weather conditions and the moisture level in the soil for better growth.
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Lighting
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
The strawberry tree flourishes under generous sun exposures, yet also thrives with a degree of shade. Its original habitat involves locations where sun is abundant. The plant’s healthy growth is strongly tied to ample sun, while lack of sun exposure may lead to poor vitality. Over exposure, however, may stress the plant.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Strawberry tree thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your strawberry tree may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Strawberry tree enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Strawberry tree thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Strawberry tree prefers a moderate temperature range of 59 to 95 ℉ (15 to 35 ℃) and can tolerate some cold, surviving short periods of below freezing temperatures. In warmer months, it benefits from some shade to avoid sunscorch.
Regional wintering strategies
Strawberry tree has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by wrapping the trunk and branches with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Strawberry tree
Strawberry tree is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, the branches may become brittle and dry during springtime, and no new shoots will emerge.
Solutions
In spring, prune away any dead branches that have failed to produce new leaves.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Strawberry tree
During summer, Strawberry tree should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, the tips may become dry and withered, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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