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Stapelia macrocarpa
Stapelia macrocarpa
Stapelia macrocarpa
Ceropegia macrocarpa subsp. macrocarpa
Planting Time
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Spring, Summer, Fall
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Care Guide for Stapelia macrocarpa

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Watering Care
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Deadhead (or remove) withered flowers after flowering.
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Stapelia macrocarpa
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 13
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
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Questions About Stapelia macrocarpa

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What should I do if I water my Stapelia macrocarpa too much or too little?
Underwatered Stapelia macrocarpa Stapelia macrocarpa and other succulents can endure long periods without water, so it’s unusual to find one of these suffering from underwatering. But, if you somehow forgot about your plant and neglected to water it for a month or more, you’ll probably find your Stapelia macrocarpa looking thirsty or with some damage from lack of watering. It is very easy to identify an underwatered Stapelia macrocarpa. Plant look lacklustre and wrinkled. Some may have dried up completely, turned brown and crispy, or dropped off the plant. And of course, the soil will be completely dried out. If your Stapelia macrocarpa is thirsty and underwatered, give it plenty of water as soon as possible. Submerging the pot entirely in water for about 5-10 minutes is a good way to make sure the soil and plant are rehydrated properly. When you feel a sense of moisture on the surface of the soil with your finger, it means the watering is done properly. Overwatered Stapelia macrocarpa Overwatering is dangerous to Stapelia macrocarpa and can be fatal to your plant if you don’t remedy the situation. Too much moisture over time leads to root rot, which prevents the roots from being able to absorb nutrients and water from the soil. Root rot occurs when wet conditions allow fungi and bacteria to flourish in the soil and feed on roots. When you find that it's overwatered, you'd better change the growing conditions, place it somewhere with more air ventilation and adjust water frequency, for example. The symptoms of overwatering are yellow, swollen, and translucent organs that may even burst open from being over-full with water. If the problem continues without being treated, plant might turn brown or black, and fall off the plant at the slightest touch. Be sure to check the soil to determine if overwatering is the culprit, as some other issues can cause similar symptoms. It’s a bit difficult (but not impossible) to save an overwatered plant. The key is catching it early before a lot of damage has occurred. If the roots become rotten, it is likely to kill the entire plant. If you suspect you have overwatered your Stapelia macrocarpa, the first step is to remove it from its pot and check the roots and soil. After removing the plant from its pot, gently remove wet soil from around the roots and then rinse them clean in room-temperature water. This helps with removing fungus that might be lurking in the soil and allows you to get a better sense of how healthy the roots are. If your plant has already developed root rot, you will see roots that are dark brown or black, soft, mushy, or slimy. If the majority of the roots are already affected by root rot, it may not be possible to save the plant. In this case, it is best to remove any healthy stem and try to use these to propagate a new Stapelia macrocarpa. If, on the other hand, only a portion of the roots have succumbed to rot and other healthy roots still remain, there is a chance it can be saved. Use a sterilized cutting tool to remove any unhealthy-looking roots. Once you're left with only the firm, pale roots, it’s a good idea to dip them in a fungicide to kill off any remaining spores. After that you can repot your Stapelia macrocarpa in fresh, free-draining potting soil. While this does not always work to save a succulent with root rot, in most cases this plant will be able to make a full recovery and will put out new growth starting in the next growing season.
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How often should I water my Stapelia macrocarpa?
There’s not a hard-and-fast rule for how often to water Stapelia macrocarpa. The best way to determine this is to check the soil and only water when it’s bone dry. You can either stick your finger in the pot or use a moisture meter to check the soil below the surface. When you plant it in a deep pot, you can do this with a stick or chopstick. If it feels even a little bit moist, wait a few days and check it again. Most people will need to water Stapelia macrocarpa about every two weeks in summer and once a month in winter, but there are several factors that can change the frequency. The section below lists some considerations that can help you to determine how often to water.
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What should I consider when watering my Stapelia macrocarpa?
There are several environmental conditions that will affect how your Stapelia macrocarpa needs to be watered, including the container size, soil type, temperature, and humidity. First off, the container and soil you use will determine how often to water and how much water to use each time. Be sure you use a container with plenty of drainage holes in the bottom so extra water can escape the pot. A small container has less room for soil, meaning it won’t hold as much moisture, while a larger pot will stay wet longer and need to be watered less often. It’s important not to keep your Stapelia macrocarpa in an oversized pot as this can easily lead to overwatering. When repotting, move to just one size larger than the current container. A shallow container works better than a deep one, since Stapelia macrocarpa has shallow root systems. Stapelia macrocarpa will need to be watered less often in winter and more often in the active growing season in spring and autumn. During the winter, growth slows down considerably and the plant isn’t using much energy or water. There is less water lost to evaporation in cooler winter air, meaning that soil stays wet for much longer than it would in the summer. This also applies to the general climate around your home. If you live in a humid location with a lot of rain, you will need to water less often than if you live in a dry, arid climate. Remember that conditions at the same geographic location can vary significantly with the season and the use of indoor heating and air conditioning. Outdoor Planting If Stapelia macrocarpa is planted in the ground, after establishing a root system, it shouldn’t need supplemental water beyond what it receives through precipitation and dew. But if there is a long dry period, you may want to water occasionally. In other areas where Stapelia macrocarpa can only be grown in a container, this plant can be moved outside in the spring and summer when the temperature is proper and then brought back inside when temperatures start to drop. A potted Stapelia macrocarpa kept outside usually needs more water than the same plant kept indoors, because there is a lot more sun exposure even on a shaded porch.
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How to water Stapelia macrocarpa?
The best way to water Stapelia macrocarpa is to soak it thoroughly and then allow it to dry out before it gets watered again. Since this plant is somewhat drought tolerant, you can let it get quite dry before watering again. It is always better to give this type of plant too little water over too much. When you water, make sure the soil gets thoroughly soaked throughout the whole pot. Don’t pour the water in just one spot, but rather try to go around the whole rim of the planter to be sure that it has a chance to get wet on all sides of the plant. The correct amount of water will depend on the size of your container and how much water your soil absorbs. Give your Stapelia macrocarpa enough water that it drains out from the drainage holes and then (ideally) leave the drained water in the saucer for about 20-30 minutes to absorb into dry pockets of soil. After that, discard any excess water that’s still in the saucer to avoid the soil getting waterlogged. Bottom-watering is also an excellent method for Stapelia macrocarpa, as you can be sure that the soil gets thoroughly moistened. This process involves placing the pot into a saucer of water and allowing the soil to absorb moisture through the drainage holes. You will know that the soil has absorbed enough water when the top layer is moist. This takes a bit more time than top-watering, but is almost foolproof in getting an even distribution of water throughout the pot. The original habitat of Stapelia macrocarpa is relatively dry with little rain, but when it rains, the soil will be thoroughly moistened. So you can mimic this situation by bottom-watering your plant when the soil is totally dry. Deep soil bathing is better than frequent light watering for Stapelia macrocarpa.
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Key Facts About Stapelia macrocarpa

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Attributes of Stapelia macrocarpa

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Vine, Succulent
Bloom Time
Mid fall
Plant Height
25 cm
Spread
35 cm
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 41 ℃

Scientific Classification of Stapelia macrocarpa

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Common Pests & Diseases About Stapelia macrocarpa

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Common issues for Stapelia macrocarpa based on 10 million real cases
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Water stains
Water stains is a significant disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, characterized by its manifestation as leaf discolorations and subsequent health decline in the plant.
Scars
Scars Scars
Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Low light
Low light Low light
Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Water stains
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
What is Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
Water stains is a significant disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, characterized by its manifestation as leaf discolorations and subsequent health decline in the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In Stapelia macrocarpa, symptoms primarily include dark, watery stains on leaves which may lead to leaf rot and drop. Overall growth is also hindered, impacting plant vigor.
What Causes Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
What Causes Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
1
Fungal infection
Most commonly caused by excess moisture facilitating fungal growth on leaves.
2
Poor air circulation
Stagnant air promotes moisture retention on leaf surfaces, causing fungal spores to take hold.
How to Treat Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
How to Treat Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
1
Non pesticide
Improve Air Circulation: Enhance air flow around plants by spacing them properly and pruning densely packed areas.

Reduce Leaf Wetness: Avoid overhead watering and water in the morning to allow leaves to dry during the day.
2
Pesticide
Fungicidal Spray: Apply fungicidal treatments suitable for fungal leaf spots as preventative measures during known risk periods.
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Scars
plant poor
Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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Aged yellow and dry
plant poor
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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Low light
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Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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distribution

Distribution of Stapelia macrocarpa

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Distribution Map of Stapelia macrocarpa

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Stapelia Macrocarpa Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Transplant
1-2 feet
The optimal period to relocate stapelia macrocarpa is during the cooler promise of late winter to mid-spring when dormancy aids root establishment. Choose sunny, well-drained spots. Gentle handling is key; roots are delicate. Engaging with care promises thriving growth.
Transplant Techniques
Water stains
Water stains is a significant disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, characterized by its manifestation as leaf discolorations and subsequent health decline in the plant.
Read More
Mealybug
Mealybug disease heavily affects Stapelia macrocarpa, causing stunted growth and distorted leaves. This pest feeds on plant sap, weakening Stapelia macrocarpa and making it more susceptible to other pathogens.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing in Stapelia macrocarpa is indicated by discoloration and general decline in plant health. This condition affects photosynthesis and growth, potentially leading to plant death if not managed properly.
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Etiolated stem
Etiolated stem in Stapelia macrocarpa is a physiological condition resulting from inadequate light exposure, leading to elongated, weak stems with smaller leaves and diminished flowering. This condition impairs photosynthesis and growth processes in the plant.
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leaf discolorations
Leaf discolorations in Stapelia macrocarpa manifest as abnormal color changes harmful to plant health. This disease impacts photosynthesis and overall vigor, leading to weakened growth and potential death if untreated.
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Aphid
Aphids are small sap-sucking pests affecting Stapelia macrocarpa, leading to stunted growth and deformed leaves. These pests typically infest under leaves and tender shoots, extracting sap and weakening the plant.
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Scale insect
Scale insects are small, sap-sucking pests that target Stapelia macrocarpa, causing stunted growth, yellowing, and potential death if untreated.
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Whitefly
Whitefly causes major issues in 'Stapelia macrocarpa', sucking sap and transmitting viruses. Infested plants display yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and a decline in overall plant health, significantly affecting its ornamental and ecological value.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a common disease in 'Stapelia macrocarpa', primarily harming the plant’s extremities. It inhibitates photosynthesis and stunts growth, affecting both appearance and vigor of the plant.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a severe disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, causing rapid dehydration and decay of leaves. This affliction typically leads to significant plant health degradation and can potentially be fatal if not properly managed.
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Feng shui direction
Northwest
Stapelia macrocarpa is often found to hold particular harmony when nestled within a Northwest-facing location. As per Feng Shui principles, Northwest represents the Metal element and is connected to travel and helpful people. Stapelia macrocarpa, having a resilient character, mirrors the metal's solidity and tenacity, creating an optimal balance of energies in a Northwest-facing space. However, a certain degree of interpretation and personal experience plays into the application of Feng Shui, the practice of which varies greatly among practitioners.
Fengshui Details
Symbolizes
Individuality, resilience
Stapelia macrocarpa is known for its striking star-shaped flowers.,The flower symbolizes individuality and resilience.,It is native to South Africa and thrives in dry climates.
Flower Meaning for Stapelia macrocarpa
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Plants Related to Stapelia macrocarpa

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Spider brake
Spider brake
A fern that grows on stone walls and other surfaces, with a few elongated fronds. It is easy to distinguish because the fronds are long, thin, and few in number. The rhizome is short and creeps laterally, and the leaves are dense. The fertile fronds are much taller and thinner, reaching up to 15 cm in sterile fronds and 49 cm in fertile fronds. The petiole is thin, hard, wiry, and blackish, making up about half of the entire leaf. The fronds are once-pinnate, with only a few subordinate pinnules. At most, there are 2-3 pairs of sub-pinnules that remain constant in size, with a terminal pinnule of the same length attached at the apex. In well-developed fronds, an additional sub-pinnule emerges from the base of the lowermost side sub-pinnule. The base of the sub-pinnules merges with the rachis, and green leafy tissue appears on the rachis between the sub-pinnules. The individual pinnules are elongated and roughly linear, with slightly inflated basal lobes on the underside of lateral pinnules. The fronds are thin but tough. Fertile fronds are nearly the same shape and are about twice as narrow. Sterile fronds have rough serrations, but fertile fronds are smooth.
Spadeleaf philodendron
Spadeleaf philodendron
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Southern marsh orchid
Southern marsh orchid
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Southern globethistle
Southern globethistle
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Southern daisy
Southern daisy
Southern daisy (Bellis sylvestris) is a perennial native to Europe but has found its way onto other continents and is readily seen as a wildflower along roadsides. The propensity to grow in areas it's not wanted has put the southern daisy on various "noxious weed" lists worldwide. It has, however, been cultivated into well-behaved varieties for use in small gardens.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Stapelia macrocarpa
Stapelia macrocarpa
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Ceropegia macrocarpa subsp. macrocarpa
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Care Guide for Stapelia macrocarpa

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Watering Watering Watering
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Temperature Temperature Temperature
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Key Facts About Stapelia macrocarpa

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Attributes of Stapelia macrocarpa

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Vine, Succulent
Bloom Time
Mid fall
Plant Height
25 cm
Spread
35 cm
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 41 ℃
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Scientific Classification of Stapelia macrocarpa

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Stapelia macrocarpa

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Common issues for Stapelia macrocarpa based on 10 million real cases
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Water stains
Water stains is a significant disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, characterized by its manifestation as leaf discolorations and subsequent health decline in the plant.
Learn More About the Water stains more
Scars
Scars Scars Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Learn More About the Scars more
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
Low light
Low light Low light Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Learn More About the Low light more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Learn More About the Brown spot more
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Water stains
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
What is Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
Water stains is a significant disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, characterized by its manifestation as leaf discolorations and subsequent health decline in the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In Stapelia macrocarpa, symptoms primarily include dark, watery stains on leaves which may lead to leaf rot and drop. Overall growth is also hindered, impacting plant vigor.
What Causes Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
What Causes Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
1
Fungal infection
Most commonly caused by excess moisture facilitating fungal growth on leaves.
2
Poor air circulation
Stagnant air promotes moisture retention on leaf surfaces, causing fungal spores to take hold.
How to Treat Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
How to Treat Water stains Disease on Stapelia macrocarpa?
1
Non pesticide
Improve Air Circulation: Enhance air flow around plants by spacing them properly and pruning densely packed areas.

Reduce Leaf Wetness: Avoid overhead watering and water in the morning to allow leaves to dry during the day.
2
Pesticide
Fungicidal Spray: Apply fungicidal treatments suitable for fungal leaf spots as preventative measures during known risk periods.
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Scars
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Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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Low light
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Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
Solutions
Solutions
Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed.
  • Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn.
  • Introduce appropriate artificial lighting.
  • Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Prevention
Prevention
To avoid etiolation, provide an adequate amount of light from the beginning.
  1. Choose a location that matches each plant's ideal light needs. Many indoor plants do best in or near a south-facing window, which will provide the longest hours of sunlight. Flowering plants and those with colored leaves typically need more light than purely-green plants, as photosynthesis occurs in the green portions of leaves.
  2. Select plants with light needs that match a location's conditions. Some cultivars and varieties require less light than others.
  3. Use a grow light. Darker locations may require artificial illumination. A grow light may also become more necessary during winter, when sunlit hours are at their shortest.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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distribution

Distribution of Stapelia macrocarpa

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Distribution Map of Stapelia macrocarpa

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care_scenes

More Info on Stapelia Macrocarpa Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water stains
Water stains is a significant disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, characterized by its manifestation as leaf discolorations and subsequent health decline in the plant.
 detail
Mealybug
Mealybug disease heavily affects Stapelia macrocarpa, causing stunted growth and distorted leaves. This pest feeds on plant sap, weakening Stapelia macrocarpa and making it more susceptible to other pathogens.
 detail
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing in Stapelia macrocarpa is indicated by discoloration and general decline in plant health. This condition affects photosynthesis and growth, potentially leading to plant death if not managed properly.
 detail
Etiolated stem
Etiolated stem in Stapelia macrocarpa is a physiological condition resulting from inadequate light exposure, leading to elongated, weak stems with smaller leaves and diminished flowering. This condition impairs photosynthesis and growth processes in the plant.
 detail
leaf discolorations
Leaf discolorations in Stapelia macrocarpa manifest as abnormal color changes harmful to plant health. This disease impacts photosynthesis and overall vigor, leading to weakened growth and potential death if untreated.
 detail
Aphid
Aphids are small sap-sucking pests affecting Stapelia macrocarpa, leading to stunted growth and deformed leaves. These pests typically infest under leaves and tender shoots, extracting sap and weakening the plant.
 detail
Scale insect
Scale insects are small, sap-sucking pests that target Stapelia macrocarpa, causing stunted growth, yellowing, and potential death if untreated.
 detail
Whitefly
Whitefly causes major issues in 'Stapelia macrocarpa', sucking sap and transmitting viruses. Infested plants display yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and a decline in overall plant health, significantly affecting its ornamental and ecological value.
 detail
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a common disease in 'Stapelia macrocarpa', primarily harming the plant’s extremities. It inhibitates photosynthesis and stunts growth, affecting both appearance and vigor of the plant.
 detail
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a severe disease impacting Stapelia macrocarpa, causing rapid dehydration and decay of leaves. This affliction typically leads to significant plant health degradation and can potentially be fatal if not properly managed.
 detail
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