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Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Add to My Garden
Richweed
Collinsonia canadensis
Also known as: Citronella Horsebalm, Ox-Balm, Hardhack
Richweed is a member of the mint family that produces lemon-scented blossoms in the summer. It was well known to Native American tribes long before colonization. It attracts birds, moths, and is also a source of nectar for bumblebees. It can often be found in dense woods, as it prefers shade.
Sunlight
Partial sun
Sunlight
plant_info

More Info

Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Summer, Early fall
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Blue

Symbolism

Sympathy
distribution

Distribution Map

Habitat

Moist, rich, rocky woods
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
question

Questions About Richweed

Pruning Pruning Pruning
Do I Need to Prune My Richweed?
Richweed does not need a lot of maintenance including pruning, which is part of what makes it such a popular choice. Most often, Richweed is pruned to remove damaged or dead branches. You may also choose to remove some branches to improve the appearance of the Richweed or to improve clearance under it. If there are branches that are very crowded together, air flow may be restricted. Any branches that are rubbing together could wear away the bark and allow disease or insects to penetrate the Richweed, so those branches are also good candidates for pruning.
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How to Prune Richweed?
The first step is deciding where to cut. It is a good idea to identify which branches you want to prune before taking other steps so you know which tools you need and have a plan from the beginning. You may want to mark branches with string or tape so you don’t forget where you had planned to prune each branch.

After you have decided where to cut, prepare the tools. Many Richweed branches are thin and delicate, so you may be able to use regular pruning shears. If there are larger branches, you should use loppers or a pruning saw. A pole saw may be necessary if the branches are higher up. Your cutting implement should be sterilized with disinfectant or a diluted bleach solution before use and between cuts to avoid introducing pathogens to the wound when pruning. Also be sure to wear protective gear to avoid injuring yourself during this process.

Removing large branches (structural pruning) from your Richweed is best done during the dormant period in the winter, while late winter or early spring is the best time for minor maintenance pruning. The ideal timing is when the Richweed has developed buds but the buds have not opened yet. This timing makes it easy for you to find which branches are not productive and should be removed, since those branches won’t have any buds. Pruning at the beginning of the growing season allows the plant to have the whole summer to devote to putting new growth into the remaining branches, flowers, and leaves.

You can also prune it into a shape you like, but don't prune over 1/4 of the healthy branches and leaves of the Richweed. Over pruning will hinder the normal and healthy growth of this plant. Please make sure that the cuts are clean and tidy.

When Richweed grows, if there is aging yellowing leaves and diseased leaves, you need to prune the bottom of the yellowing aging leaves and leaves with spots caused by the infection of disease. Pruning can effectively reduce the infection of disease. Even if the number of leaves with infections is relatively large, you should not prune more than 30% of the total number of leaves to avoid affecting the growth of Richweed.
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What Tips You Should Be Aware About When Pruning Richweed?
Remove no more than 30% of the volume of the Richweed when pruning. Pruning too much at once can leave the Richweed vulnerable to shock. This plant does not tolerate being cut back severely and may not recover. Don’t prune young Richweed unless it is to remove a dead or damaged branch.

In between cuts, step back and check the appearance of the Richweed and be sure that you are satisfied with the progress. If you trim too much at once, there’s no way to restore the cut branches, so be conservative with your approach. One of the charms of Richweed is its graceful, natural appearance, so you may want to embrace some of the “imperfections” inherent to how it grows.
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When Should I Prune Your Richweed?
Removing large branches (structural pruning) from the Richweed is best done during the dormant period in the winter, while late winter or early spring is the best time for minor maintenance pruning. The ideal timing is when the Richweed has developed buds but the buds have not opened yet. This timing makes it easy for you to find which branches are not productive and should be removed, since those branches won’t have any buds. Pruning at the beginning of the growing season allows the Richweed to have the whole summer to devote to putting new growth into the remaining branches, flowers, and leaves.
You can also prune it into a shape you like, but don't prune over 1/4 of the healthy branches and leaves of the Richweed. Over pruning will hinder the normal and healthy growth of this plant. Please make sure that the cuts are clean and tidy.

When Richweed grows, if there is aging yellowing leaves and diseased leaves, you need to prune the bottom of the yellowing aging leaves and leaves with spots caused by the infection of disease. Pruning can effectively reduce the infection of disease. Even if the number of leaves with infections is relatively large, you should not prune more than 30% of the total number of leaves to avoid affecting the growth of Richweed.
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Thimbleberry
Thimbleberry
Thimbleberry has bright red fruits that appear similar to strawberries but resemble thimbles, hence its common name. Its fruits are edible and can be eaten raw. The fruits are also commonly used to make tarts and jams. It can be grown in shady and cool areas.
Sweet woodruff
Sweet woodruff
Sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum) is a perennial herb that grows from 15 - 30 cm tall. Popular for its fragrant leaves and lacy, star-shaped flowers that blossom in spring and summer. It prefers shady locations and makes an excellent ground cover under trees and other shaded conditions. Thrives in moist, well-drained soil.
Star apple
Star apple
Other names for star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito) include purple star apple, golden leaf tree, and milk fruit. The fruit is delicious, especially when it’s served chilled. However, it not only tastes good, but it has potent antioxidant properties. They call it “bobi wata” or "breast milk fruit" in Sierra Leone.
Shack shack
Shack shack
Many US states classify shack shack (Crotalaria retusa) as a noxious weed since it is a fast-spreading, drought-tolerant plant. The plant is toxic to humans and livestock, containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids. However, despite all these negatives shack shack at least produces attractive hood-shaped yellow flowers.
Purple loosestrife
Purple loosestrife
Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is found in Eurasia, Africa, and Australia. It attracts bees and butterflies as well as the loosestrife beetle which specifically targets the leaves of this plant. In some regions, the fast-growing purple loosestrife has become an invasive species that can outcompete native species.
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About
More Info
Distribution
Care FAQ
Related Plants
Related Articles
Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Richweed
Add to My Garden
Richweed
Collinsonia canadensis
Also known as: Citronella Horsebalm, Ox-Balm, Hardhack
Sunlight
Partial sun
Sunlight
plant_info

More Info

Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Summer, Early fall
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Blue

Symbolism

Sympathy
distribution

Distribution Map

Habitat

Moist, rich, rocky woods

Map

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About Richweed

Pruning Pruning Pruning
Do I Need to Prune My Richweed?
more
Free
How to Prune Richweed?
more
lock
What Tips You Should Be Aware About When Pruning Richweed?
more
lock
When Should I Prune Your Richweed?
more
lock
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You’ve got questions. We’ve got answers.
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Related Articles

Most Common Herb
# Useful Tips
Most Common Herb
Best Perennial Plant to Grow
# Useful Tips
Best Perennial Plant to Grow
Best Perennial Plant to Grow
# Useful Tips
Best Perennial Plant to Grow
Most Common Herb
# Useful Tips
Most Common Herb
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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