camera identify
Try for Free
tab list
PictureThis
English
arrow
English
繁體中文
日本語
Español
Français
Deutsch
Pусский
Português
Italiano
한국어
Nederlands
العربية
Svenska
Polskie
ภาษาไทย
Bahasa Melayu
Bahasa Indonesia
PictureThis
Search
Search Plants
Try for Free
Global
English
English
繁體中文
日本語
Español
Français
Deutsch
Pусский
Português
Italiano
한국어
Nederlands
العربية
Svenska
Polskie
ภาษาไทย
Bahasa Melayu
Bahasa Indonesia
This page looks better in the app
about about
About
care_guide care_guide
Care Guide
topic topic
Care FAQ
plant_info plant_info
More Info
pests pests
Pests & Diseases
distribution_map distribution_map
Distribution
care_scenes care_scenes
More About How-Tos
more_plants more_plants
Related Plants
pic top
Purple coneflower play
Purple coneflower
video play
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
Also known as : Hedgehog coneflower
Water
Water
Every week
more
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
more
care guide

Care Guide for Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Deadhead (or remove) withered flowers after flowering.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Chalky, Clay, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Details on Repotting Repotting
care guide bg
Know the light your plants really get.
Find the best spots for them to optimize their health, simply using your phone.
Download the App
Picture This
A Botanist in Your Pocket
qrcode
Scan QR code to download
label
cover
Purple coneflower
Water
Water
Every week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
4 to 9
Planting Time
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
question

Questions About Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Purple coneflower?
When watering the Purple coneflower, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Purple coneflower comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
Read More more
What should I do if I water my Purple coneflower too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Purple coneflower, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Purple coneflower, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Purple coneflower have become brittle and brown. It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Purple coneflower. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Purple coneflower grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Purple coneflower is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
Read More more
How often should I water my Purple coneflower?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Purple coneflower needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water. If you grow your Purple coneflower outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Purple coneflower can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
Read More more
How much water does my Purple coneflower need?
When it comes time to water your Purple coneflower, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
Read More more
How should I water my Purple coneflower at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Purple coneflower can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Purple coneflower is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Purple coneflower will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Purple coneflower will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Purple coneflower more water at this time.
Read More more
How should I water my Purple coneflower through the seasons?
The Purple coneflower will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Purple coneflower will contract a disease.
Read More more
What's the difference between watering my Purple coneflower indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Purple coneflower indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Purple coneflower to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Purple coneflower very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
Read More more
icon
Get tips and tricks for your plants.
Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
close
plant_info

Key Facts About Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Purple coneflower

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
30 cm to 1.5 m
Spread
10 cm to 50 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
7 cm to 15 cm
Flower Color
Pink
Purple
White
Brown
Red
Orange
Yellow
Fruit Color
Black
White
Stem Color
Green
Purple
Brown
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Pollinators
Bees, Butterflies
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Adult food, Larval food

Name story

Purple coneflower

Symbolism

Usages

Artistic Value
Garden Use

Scientific Classification of Purple coneflower

icon
Find your perfect green friends.
Plan your green oasis based on your criteria: plant type, pet safety, skill level, sites, and more.
pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Common issues for Purple coneflower based on 10 million real cases
icon
Treat and prevent plant diseases.
AI-powered plant doctor helps you diagnose plant problems in seconds.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease affecting Purple coneflower, leading to loss of vigor and eventually plant death. It manifests in brown or black, water-soaked spots on leaves which spread rapidly, affecting overall plant health.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
close
plant poor
Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease affecting Purple coneflower, leading to loss of vigor and eventually plant death. It manifests in brown or black, water-soaked spots on leaves which spread rapidly, affecting overall plant health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initial symptoms in Purple coneflower include the formation of water-soaked, yellow-to-brown spots on leaves. With time, the spots turn black, and the foliage becomes wilted and blighted. Root systems may also become weak, leading to plant collapse.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
1
Pathogen
This disease is caused by various types of fungi, including Pythium, Phytophthora, Rhizoctonia, and Fusarium species.
2
Environmental Factors
Its occurrence is often triggered by adverse growing conditions, particularly excessively moist soil and poor air circulation.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
1
Non pesticide
Improving conditions: Improve environmental conditions by reducing water logging and enhancing air circulation.

Sanitation strategies: Removing and disposing infected parts reduces the fungal load, thus checking further spread.
2
Pesticide
Systemic fungicides: Applications of systemic fungicides like propamocarb can control the disease once it strikes.

Contact fungicides: Mancozeb-based sprays can be used for their protective action.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Leaf beetles
plant poor
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Caterpillars
plant poor
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Brown spot
plant poor
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Flower withering
plant poor
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Underwatering
plant poor
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
distribution

Distribution of Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Habitat of Purple coneflower

Dry open woods, prairies, barrens
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Purple coneflower

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Purple Coneflower Growth and Care

feedback
Feedback
Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water
Every week
Purple coneflower is native to regions in North America, including the central and eastern United States. It thrives in well-drained soil and prefers full sun to partial shade. With its natural habitat experiencing average annual rainfall between 20 and 40 inches, purple coneflower has adapted to moderate moisture levels. To meet purple coneflower's watering needs, it is important to mimic its natural environment by providing regular watering, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist without becoming waterlogged.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
The purple coneflower thrives when bathed in generous amounts of sunlight all day, yet can adapt to a scenario where only some parts of the day are sunlit. Originating from environments accustomed to an abundance of sun, it is robust to fluctuating light conditions, though inadequate light can impair its vigor and intense sunlight may cause scorching.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
1-2 feet
The perfect time to transplant purple coneflower is during the delightful mid-spring to early summer months. This ensures it thrives in its new location! Choose a sunny, well-draining area for optimal growth. Remember, gentle handling of the roots promotes a successful transplant!
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
0 - 38 ℃
Purple coneflower is native to regions with temperate climates and prefers temperatures in the range of 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). In cooler seasons, it's best to adjust the environment to maintain the warmth purple coneflower requires.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Spring, Summer, Fall
This perennial herbaceous plant is known for its daisy-like flowers with purple petals and central cones. For purple coneflower, cut back spent flowers to promote more blooms. Trim dead or damaged stems to maintain plant health and shape. The optimal time for pruning is from early spring to late fall, aligning with the plant's active growth phases. Pruning encourages vigorous growth and enhances flower production in purple coneflower, while also helping to prevent disease by improving air circulation.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring
Purple coneflower is best propagated through sowing, ideally in spring. Its propagation difficulty is moderate. Signs of successful propagation include emerging seedlings and vigorous growth. To improve chances, sow seeds with proper spacing and maintain optimal moisture levels.
Propagation Techniques
Pollination
Normal
Purple coneflower enthrall bees and butterflies with their vibrant colors and sweet nectar, making these insects their primary pollinators. The fascinating dance between plant and pollinator unveils under the sun, usually during the daytime, as purple coneflower's pollen-laden anthers cleverly brush against the visitors while they probe for nectar, ensuring successful pollination. This symbiotic relationship is a testament to nature's beautiful intricacies!
Pollination Techniques
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease affecting Purple coneflower, leading to loss of vigor and eventually plant death. It manifests in brown or black, water-soaked spots on leaves which spread rapidly, affecting overall plant health.
Read More
Wilting
Wilting in Echinacea purpurea (Purple coneflower) is a plant disease that results in drooping, yellowing, and a general decline in plant vigor. It's often caused by water imbalance or fungal pathogens, affecting both growth and appearance.
Read More
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease that affects Purple coneflower, causing dark, brown spots on its leaves, thus hindering its growth and aesthetic value. If left untreated, it can lead to significant damage and potentially plant death.
Read More
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing in Purple coneflower typically manifests as chlorosis, primarily affecting the vigor and aesthetic value of the plant. This condition can result from multiple factors, including nutrient deficiencies, water stress, or disease.
Read More
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease affecting a range of plants, including Purple coneflower. Manifesting as white or gray powdery spots, it inhibits Purple coneflower's growth and photosynthesis, thus compromising its health and beauty.
Read More
Lack of fertilizer
Lack of fertilizer is a non-contagious, plant growth issue affecting Purple coneflower's general health, growth, and ability to resist disease. It results from inadequate nutrient elements in the plant, commonly causing poor growth, discoloration, and decreased flowering.
Read More
Plant dried up
Plant dried up' is a common disease affecting Purple coneflower and other plants, leading to wilting, and eventual mortality if untreated. The disease is caused by incorrect watering and neglect, as well as certain soil pathogens. Timely and appropriate care can prevent or minimize damage.
Read More
Flower wilting
Flower wilting is a prevalent disease affecting the health and appearance of the Purple coneflower. This ailment primarily damages the blooms but can also impact the entirety of the plant, leading to decreased vitality and potential death if untreated.
Read More
Notch
Notch disease significantly affects Purple coneflower, leading to visibly notched or indented petals and a reduced growth rate, which often results in lower ornamental and medicinal value.
Read More
Spots
Spots on Purple coneflower are lesions that disfigure leaves and stems, potentially reducing the plant's vigor and aesthetic value. The disease can spread rapidly under certain conditions, posing a threat to its health.
Read More
Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a disease affecting the foliage of Purple coneflower, causing discoloration and potential decline in plant vigor. It may lead to reduced flowering and compromised aesthetic value.
Read More
Flower withering
Flower withering' is a pathogenic disease that majorly affects the flowering stage of Purple coneflower, leading to loss of aesthetic value, reduced plant vigour, and it might cause plant death in severe infestations. Early detection is key to control and prevent its spread.
Read More
Leafminer stripe
Leafminer stripe is a disease affecting Purple coneflower which manifests as damage to the leaves caused by the larvae of certain insects burrowing within. It can diminish the plant's vigor and aesthetic value.
Read More
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease negatively impacting the aesthetics and vigor of Purple coneflower. It manifests through discolored lesions on leaves and stems, reducing the plant's ornamental value and potentially affecting its growth.
Read More
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering in Purple coneflower features gradual browning and drying from the tips of leaves, leading to reduced vigor and aesthetics of the plant. It's a common issue influenced by multiple environmental and care factors.
Read More
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease that causes the leaves of Purple coneflower to wilt, discolor, and decay, significantly affecting plant vigor and aesthetics.
Read More
Leaf white mold
Leaf white mold in Purple coneflower is a fungal disease that causes decay and wilting, potentially leading to significant plant loss. Prompt detection and treatment are crucial for maintaining plant health.
Read More
Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting in Purple coneflower is typically a symptom of water stress or disease which hinders the plant's health and vigor. It affects the plant's aesthetics and growth, potentially leading to death if not addressed properly.
Read More
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are a prevalent cause of cosmetic and minor structural damage to Purple coneflower. These insects feed on the foliage, wilt the plant, and can delay flowering. Severe infestations may even kill the plant.
Read More
Dark spots
Dark spots, a fungal infection characterized by brown or black patches, targets Purple coneflower. The disease hampers the plant's growth and aesthetics, opening paths for secondary infections if untreated. It can spread across the garden through airborne spores or contaminated tools.
Read More
Feng shui direction
South
Purple coneflower is considered harmonious when placed in South-facing areas, as its vibrant purplish hue is associated with the Fire element. This energy can potentially influence one's recognition and fame, which is an essential attribute in the Feng Shui Bagua map, though results may vary for individuals.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Angel's-wings
Angel's-wings
Angel's-wings (*Opuntia microdasys*) is a flowering cactus species native to Mexico. Angel's-wings is closely related to Opuntia RFID, which can be differentiated from Opuntia microdasys by its reddish color. Some scientists consider the two cacti to be the same species. This species is also known as the bunny ears cactus, the bunny cactus, or the polka-dot cactus. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental on borders and in gardens.
Kris plant
Kris plant
Kris plant (Alocasia sanderiana) is a vigorous tropical perennial with prominently lobed leaves that have broad, silvery-white veins and red-green undersides. This indigenous Mindanao plant grows primarily on moist hillsides at low elevated deep forest areas. It's frequently grown for ornamental purposes.
Lemon ball cactus
Lemon ball cactus
Lemon ball cactus (Parodia leninghausii) is a cylindrical cactus perennial that will grow to 61 cm tall and 8 to 10 cm wide. It has yellow spines, green stems and large, showy yellow flowers. The common name is because when it is young it is shaped like a ball and covered in yellow spines, making it look like a lemon ball cactus. It thrives in full sun to partial shade and is drought tolerant.
Bigroot geranium
Bigroot geranium
Geranium macrorrhizum is a hardy variety of geranium that is native to the southwestern Alps in Europe. It grows well in temperate conditions and is often cultivated as an ornamental garden plant for its aromatic magenta flowers. Bigroot geranium primarily propagates itself through rhizomes or offshoots from the parent plant’s roots.
Coral plant
Coral plant
Coral plant (*Jatropha multifida*) is a tough plant that you will encounter in many gardens. It is grown for its attractive sprays of red-pink flowers, which rise above the leaves on long stems. This plant has an added garden bonus, since it is a great attractor of butterflies. Care should be taken with coral plant, since it is slightly toxic, and should never be eaten.
Pomelo
Pomelo
Pomelo (*Citrus grandis*) is a greenish, tropical and subtropical fruit originally that is larger than any other citrus fruit on the planet (thus the species name - 'grandis'). Though it is the ancestor of the commonly cultivated grapefruit (citrus x paradisi), the pomelo has a thick, hard-to-peel rind and doesn’t have a lot of juice. Nevertheless, it is commonly eaten in Southeast Asia.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
View More Plants
close
product icon
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
product icon
17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
product icon
Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
ad
Botanist in your pocket
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
About
Care Guide
Care FAQ
More Info
Pests & Diseases
Distribution
More About How-Tos
Related Plants
Purple coneflower play
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
Also known as: Hedgehog coneflower
Water
Water
Every week
more
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
more
icon
Instantly identify plants with a snap
Snap a photo for instant plant ID, gaining quick insights on disease prevention, treatment, toxicity, care, uses, and symbolism, etc.
Download the App for Free
question

Questions About Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Purple coneflower?
more
What should I do if I water my Purple coneflower too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Purple coneflower?
more
How much water does my Purple coneflower need?
more
How should I water my Purple coneflower at different growth stages?
more
How should I water my Purple coneflower through the seasons?
more
What's the difference between watering my Purple coneflower indoors and outdoors?
more
icon
Get tips and tricks for your plants.
Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
Download the App for Free
close
plant_info

Key Facts About Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Purple coneflower

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
30 cm to 1.5 m
Spread
10 cm to 50 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
7 cm to 15 cm
Flower Color
Pink
Purple
White
Brown
Red
Orange
Yellow
Fruit Color
Black
White
Stem Color
Green
Purple
Brown
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Pollinators
Bees, Butterflies
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Adult food, Larval food
icon
Gain more valuable plant knowledge
Explore a rich botanical encyclopedia for deeper insights
Download the App for Free

Name story

Purple coneflower

Symbolism

Usages

Artistic Value
Garden Use

Scientific Classification of Purple coneflower

icon
Never miss a care task again!
Plant care made easier than ever with our tailor-made smart care reminder.
Download the App for Free
pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Common issues for Purple coneflower based on 10 million real cases
icon
Plant disease auto-diagnose & prevention
AI-powered plant doctor helps you diagnose plant problems in seconds.
Download the App for Free
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease affecting Purple coneflower, leading to loss of vigor and eventually plant death. It manifests in brown or black, water-soaked spots on leaves which spread rapidly, affecting overall plant health.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Learn More About the Leaf beetles more
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Learn More About the Caterpillars more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Learn More About the Brown spot more
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Learn More About the Flower withering more
Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Learn More About the Underwatering more
close
plant poor
Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease affecting Purple coneflower, leading to loss of vigor and eventually plant death. It manifests in brown or black, water-soaked spots on leaves which spread rapidly, affecting overall plant health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initial symptoms in Purple coneflower include the formation of water-soaked, yellow-to-brown spots on leaves. With time, the spots turn black, and the foliage becomes wilted and blighted. Root systems may also become weak, leading to plant collapse.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
1
Pathogen
This disease is caused by various types of fungi, including Pythium, Phytophthora, Rhizoctonia, and Fusarium species.
2
Environmental Factors
Its occurrence is often triggered by adverse growing conditions, particularly excessively moist soil and poor air circulation.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Purple coneflower?
1
Non pesticide
Improving conditions: Improve environmental conditions by reducing water logging and enhancing air circulation.

Sanitation strategies: Removing and disposing infected parts reduces the fungal load, thus checking further spread.
2
Pesticide
Systemic fungicides: Applications of systemic fungicides like propamocarb can control the disease once it strikes.

Contact fungicides: Mancozeb-based sprays can be used for their protective action.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Leaf beetles
plant poor
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Caterpillars
plant poor
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention may require less effort than attempts to eradicate infestations that have already begun. Here are our top steps for prevention:
  1. Monitor plants. Check plants regularly for caterpillar eggs on leaves. If they do not belong to an endangered species, they should be squished.
  2. Use insect netting. Cover plants with insect netting to prevent butterflies and moths from laying eggs on plants.
  3. Apply diatomaceous earth. Apply DE to plants early in the season and reapply after rain.
  4. Encourage plant diversity. This will attract predatory insects including parasitic wasps.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Brown spot
plant poor
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Flower withering
plant poor
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Underwatering
plant poor
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
Solutions
Solutions
The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with.
Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock.
In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Prevention
Prevention
Always check the soil before watering. If the top inch of soil feels moist, though not wet, the watering is perfect. If it’s dry, water it immediately. If it feels soggy, you avoid watering until it dries out a bit more.
Also, make sure the lighting is sufficient for the species. Plants grow faster and need more water when there is intense light or lots of heat. Being aware of these conditions and modifying them, if possible, is a good way to prevent underwatering. Many container plants are potted in soil mixtures mean to be well-draining. Adding materials that retain moisture, like compost or peat moss, can also prevent these symptoms.
Other tips to prevent underwatering include:
  • Choose pots with adequately-sized drainage holes
  • Avoid warm temperatures
  • Use large pots with additional soil (these take longer to dry out)
  • Avoid terracotta pots, which lose water quickly
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
distribution

Distribution of Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Habitat of Purple coneflower

Dry open woods, prairies, barrens
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Purple coneflower

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care_scenes

More Info on Purple Coneflower Growth and Care

feedback
Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease affecting Purple coneflower, leading to loss of vigor and eventually plant death. It manifests in brown or black, water-soaked spots on leaves which spread rapidly, affecting overall plant health.
 detail
Wilting
Wilting
Wilting in Echinacea purpurea (Purple coneflower) is a plant disease that results in drooping, yellowing, and a general decline in plant vigor. It's often caused by water imbalance or fungal pathogens, affecting both growth and appearance.
 detail
Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease that affects Purple coneflower, causing dark, brown spots on its leaves, thus hindering its growth and aesthetic value. If left untreated, it can lead to significant damage and potentially plant death.
 detail
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing in Purple coneflower typically manifests as chlorosis, primarily affecting the vigor and aesthetic value of the plant. This condition can result from multiple factors, including nutrient deficiencies, water stress, or disease.
 detail
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease affecting a range of plants, including Purple coneflower. Manifesting as white or gray powdery spots, it inhibits Purple coneflower's growth and photosynthesis, thus compromising its health and beauty.
 detail
Lack of fertilizer
Lack of fertilizer is a non-contagious, plant growth issue affecting Purple coneflower's general health, growth, and ability to resist disease. It results from inadequate nutrient elements in the plant, commonly causing poor growth, discoloration, and decreased flowering.
 detail
Plant dried up
Plant dried up' is a common disease affecting Purple coneflower and other plants, leading to wilting, and eventual mortality if untreated. The disease is caused by incorrect watering and neglect, as well as certain soil pathogens. Timely and appropriate care can prevent or minimize damage.
 detail
Flower wilting
Flower wilting is a prevalent disease affecting the health and appearance of the Purple coneflower. This ailment primarily damages the blooms but can also impact the entirety of the plant, leading to decreased vitality and potential death if untreated.
 detail
Notch
Notch disease significantly affects Purple coneflower, leading to visibly notched or indented petals and a reduced growth rate, which often results in lower ornamental and medicinal value.
 detail
Spots
Spots on Purple coneflower are lesions that disfigure leaves and stems, potentially reducing the plant's vigor and aesthetic value. The disease can spread rapidly under certain conditions, posing a threat to its health.
 detail
Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a disease affecting the foliage of Purple coneflower, causing discoloration and potential decline in plant vigor. It may lead to reduced flowering and compromised aesthetic value.
 detail
Flower withering
Flower withering' is a pathogenic disease that majorly affects the flowering stage of Purple coneflower, leading to loss of aesthetic value, reduced plant vigour, and it might cause plant death in severe infestations. Early detection is key to control and prevent its spread.
 detail
Leafminer stripe
Leafminer stripe is a disease affecting Purple coneflower which manifests as damage to the leaves caused by the larvae of certain insects burrowing within. It can diminish the plant's vigor and aesthetic value.
 detail
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease negatively impacting the aesthetics and vigor of Purple coneflower. It manifests through discolored lesions on leaves and stems, reducing the plant's ornamental value and potentially affecting its growth.
 detail
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering in Purple coneflower features gradual browning and drying from the tips of leaves, leading to reduced vigor and aesthetics of the plant. It's a common issue influenced by multiple environmental and care factors.
 detail
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease that causes the leaves of Purple coneflower to wilt, discolor, and decay, significantly affecting plant vigor and aesthetics.
 detail
Leaf white mold
Leaf white mold in Purple coneflower is a fungal disease that causes decay and wilting, potentially leading to significant plant loss. Prompt detection and treatment are crucial for maintaining plant health.
 detail
Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting in Purple coneflower is typically a symptom of water stress or disease which hinders the plant's health and vigor. It affects the plant's aesthetics and growth, potentially leading to death if not addressed properly.
 detail
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are a prevalent cause of cosmetic and minor structural damage to Purple coneflower. These insects feed on the foliage, wilt the plant, and can delay flowering. Severe infestations may even kill the plant.
 detail
Dark spots
Dark spots, a fungal infection characterized by brown or black patches, targets Purple coneflower. The disease hampers the plant's growth and aesthetics, opening paths for secondary infections if untreated. It can spread across the garden through airborne spores or contaminated tools.
 detail
plant_info

Plants Related to Purple coneflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
product icon close
Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
product icon
17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
product icon
Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
product icon close
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
Water
close
Purple Coneflower Watering Instructions
Purple coneflower is native to regions in North America, including the central and eastern United States. It thrives in well-drained soil and prefers full sun to partial shade. With its natural habitat experiencing average annual rainfall between 20 and 40 inches, purple coneflower has adapted to moderate moisture levels. To meet purple coneflower's watering needs, it is important to mimic its natural environment by providing regular watering, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist without becoming waterlogged.
When Should I Water My Purple Coneflower?
Introductory Note
Timely watering is essential for purple coneflower's overall health and growth. Recognizing the plant's unique signals can help prevent both underwatering or overwatering, both of which could harm the plant's vitality and flowering capacity.
Soil Dryness
One of the primary indicators that purple coneflower needs watering is when the top layer of soil (about 1 to 2 inches deep) appears dry and crumbly. To check, simply insert your finger into the soil up to the first knuckle. If it feels dry to touch, it's time to water the plant.
Leaf Condition
The foliage of purple coneflower provides crucial indications on its watering requirement. Drooping or wilting leaves signal the need for hydration. However, ensure it is not due to high temperatures in the afternoon. If the foliage does not revive in the cooler evening hours, it is time to water purple coneflower.
Flower Appearance
When purple coneflower's vibrant flowers start to droop or exhibit a decrease in brightness of color, it could be a sign that the plant requires water. Regularly monitor flower vitality to estimate watering periods.
Browning Leaf Tips
The occurrence of brown tips or edges on purple coneflower's leaves signifies prolonged drought conditions. Shower your plant to revitalize it if this sign is noticed.
Risk Assessment
If purple coneflower is watered too early or too late, it can lead to root rot or dehydration, respectively. Root rot results from waterlogged soil and triggers wilting, yellow leaves, and stunted growth. Dehydration, on the other hand, can lead to leaf burn, dull flowers, and drooping. While purple coneflower is somewhat resistant to drought, consistently ignoring these signs can deter its growth and blooming.
How Should I Water My Purple Coneflower?
Watering Requirements
Purple coneflower, or Purple coneflower, has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration. It is a drought-tolerant plant and generally requires less water compared to other plants.
Watering Technique
For purple coneflower, it is best to water deeply and infrequently. This means allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings and then thoroughly watering the plant until water drains out of the bottom of the pot. This ensures that the roots receive enough moisture without sitting in soggy soil.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, it is advisable to use one with a narrow spout to direct the water at the base of the plant. This allows for targeted watering of the roots and prevents excessive water from coming into contact with the foliage.
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can be helpful in determining when to water purple coneflower. Insert the probe into the soil near the roots and water when the meter indicates that the soil is dry to a certain depth, usually around 1-2 inches.
Avoid Watering Foliage
It is important to avoid wetting the foliage of purple coneflower during watering. This can help prevent the development of fungal diseases and promote healthier growth. Direct the water towards the base of the plant to ensure the roots receive adequate hydration.
How Much Water Does Purple Coneflower Really Need?
Introduction
Purple coneflower is a species of plant native to North America. It thrives in the wild in a variety of habitats such as prairies, meadows, and open woodlands. It prefers well-draining soil and is adapted to receive moderate to low levels of water.
Optimal Watering Quantity
Root Depth: purple coneflower's roots are relatively shallow, extending about 6-8 inches into the soil. It is important to ensure that the topsoil is evenly moist, but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other issues. The ideal watering quantity for purple coneflower is around 1 inch of water per week, including rainfall. This can be achieved through deep watering once a week, or by providing smaller amounts of water every few days.
Signs of Proper Hydration
Leaf Condition: Well-hydrated purple coneflower plants will have vibrant, green leaves that are not wilted or drooping. Soil Moisture: The topsoil should feel slightly damp to the touch, but not overly wet or dry. If the soil is completely dry, it may indicate that the plant is underwatered. However, if the soil is constantly wet and waterlogged, it may indicate overwatering.
Risks of Improper Watering
Overwatering purple coneflower can lead to root rot, fungal diseases, and the development of pests. This can weaken the plant and impact its overall health and productivity. Underwatering, on the other hand, can cause the plant to become stressed, limiting its growth and flower production.
Additional Advice
It is important to provide appropriate drainage for purple coneflower to prevent waterlogging. If planting in a pot, ensure that it has drainage holes at the bottom. Avoid overhead watering, as it can increase the risk of diseases. Instead, water around the base of the plant, directing the water to the root zone. Mulching can help retain moisture in the soil and regulate soil temperature.
How Often Should I Water Purple Coneflower?
Every week
Watering Frequency
Smart Seasonal Watering
Install the app for seasonal watering guidance
Download the App
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Purple Coneflower?
Preferred Water Type
Purple coneflower thrives best when watered with rainwater. If rainwater is not available, filtered water is a good substitute as it removes most of the potentially harmful elements found in tap water. Distilled water could be used, but it's not considered optimal due to lack of minerals.
Chlorine Sensitivity
Purple coneflower shows a moderate sensitivity to chlorine. If using tap water, it's best to let the water sit for a day or two to allow for chlorine evaporation.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Purple coneflower is relatively resistant to fluoride, although high concentrations can still be detrimental. When in doubt, opt for fluoride-free water sources.
Mineral Preference
Purple coneflower prefers a moderate level of minerals in the water, contributing to its growth and development. Hence, while distilled water is not harmful, it might not provide the necessary minerals this plant needs.
Water Treatments
Water treatments, like dechlorination by letting tap water sit out, can be beneficial for purple coneflower. Softened water can also be used but avoid hard water as it can lead to mineral build-up and potentially harm the plant.
Water Temperature Preference
Purple coneflower does not have any specific water temperature preferences. As a general practice, moderate or room temperature water is best as cold or hot water might stress the plant.
How Do Purple Coneflower's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water purple coneflower in Spring?
Spring marks the start of the active growing period for purple coneflower. As a result, watering should be increased slightly to accommodate for new growth. However, it's important to avoid over-watering, as purple coneflower prefers well-drained soil. Instead, aim to keep the soil lightly moist, watering only when the top layer begins to feel dry. This encourages deep root growth which improves purple coneflower's drought-tolerance.
How to Water purple coneflower in Summer?
Purple coneflower is a summer bloomer and therefore requires ample moisture during this season to support its flowering phase. Despite being drought-tolerant, in excessively dry summers, purple coneflower may need additional watering to prevent wilting. Wait for the topsoil to dry before watering again, adopting deep watering practices to reach the roots and resist evaporation from the sun. Yet, be careful not to overly saturate the soil to avoid waterlogging and root rot, especially during humid conditions.
How to Water purple coneflower in Autumn?
In Autumn, the watering needs of purple coneflower start to decrease as the plant begins to enter its dormancy period. Continue observing the soil to dry out between watering sessions. As the temperature drops, this keeps the roots from freezing while still providing necessary hydration. Water purple coneflower in early mornings to allow for moisture absorption before the cooler nights.
How to Water purple coneflower in Winter?
During winter, purple coneflower鈥檚 water needs drastically reduce due to its dormant state. Limit watering to ensure the soil is not consistently wet, because purple coneflower is prone to root rot. Only water when the soil is dry to touch, and be cautious of frost or freezing temperatures that could also harm the plant. However, if purple coneflower is indoors or in a particularly dry environment, consider misting its leaves lightly to maintain humidity without causing excess soil moisture.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Purple Coneflower Watering Routine?
Soil Moisture Probe:
Using a soil moisture probe can provide accurate readings of purple coneflower's soil moisture levels at varying depths. This can help ensure that the plant's root system is receiving adequate moisture without over-watering.
Watering Adjustments during Heatwaves:
During heatwaves, purple coneflower may require more frequent watering as the high temperatures can cause the soil to dry out quickly. Keep a close eye on the plant's moisture levels and adjust watering accordingly.
Mulching:
Applying a layer of mulch around the base of purple coneflower can help retain soil moisture, regulate soil temperature, and prevent weed growth. This can reduce the need for frequent watering.
Watering Depth:
When watering purple coneflower, it is important to ensure that the water reaches the root zone. Water deeply and slowly, allowing the water to penetrate into the soil rather than running off the surface.
Signs of Thirst:
The foliage of purple coneflower may start to wilt or droop slightly when it is in need of water. However, it is important not to wait until the plant is severely wilted, as this can cause stress.
Avoid Over-Watering:
Over-watering can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases in purple coneflower. Allow the top few inches of soil to dry out between waterings and make sure the soil is well-draining.
Watering Frequency during Extended Rainfall:
During periods of extended rainfall, adjust the watering frequency for purple coneflower accordingly. If the soil becomes waterlogged, reduce the frequency of watering to prevent waterlogged conditions.
Hand Watering Technique:
When hand watering purple coneflower, direct the water to the soil around the base of the plant rather than watering the foliage. This will minimize the risk of fungal diseases and promote efficient water absorption.
Monitoring Soil Moisture:
Regularly check the soil moisture level for purple coneflower by inserting a finger or a moisture meter a few inches deep into the soil. Only water when the soil feels dry at this depth.
Avoid Watering in the Evening:
Avoid watering purple coneflower in the evening as this can promote prolonged leaf wetness, increasing the risk of foliar diseases. Watering in the morning allows the leaves to dry during the day.
Adjusting Watering during Stress:
During periods of stress such as extreme heat or transplanting, purple coneflower may require more frequent watering to support its recovery. Monitor the plant closely and adjust watering as needed.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Purple Coneflower?
Overview of hydroponics
Purple coneflower is a plant that can be successfully grown using hydroponics, which is a method of growing plants without soil. Hydroponics allows for precise control over the plant's nutrient intake, resulting in optimal growth and improved harvest.
Best suited hydroponic system
A Deep Water Culture (DWC) system is best suited for growing purple coneflower. This system involves suspending the plant's roots in a nutrient-rich water solution. The oxygenated water promotes healthy root growth and nutrient absorption.
Nutrient solution requirements
To grow purple coneflower hydroponically, use a balanced nutrient solution with an EC (electrical conductivity) of 1.2-1.5 and a pH level of 5.8-6.2. Adjust the nutrient solution as needed to maintain these levels. Change the nutrient solution every 2-3 weeks to prevent nutrient imbalances.
Challenges and common issues
When growing purple coneflower hydroponically, root rot can be a common issue due to overwatering or insufficient oxygenation. Ensure the roots have proper oxygenation by using an air stone or airstone. Monitor nutrient levels regularly to prevent imbalances, which can cause nutrient deficiencies or toxicities.
Monitoring plant health
Monitor purple coneflower's health by observing its foliage color, which should be vibrant and green. Yellowing or wilting leaves can indicate nutrient deficiencies or overwatering. Look for signs of stress, such as stunted growth or leaf discoloration, which may indicate nutrient imbalances or inadequate light levels.
Adjusting hydroponic environment
As purple coneflower grows, adjust the lighting duration based on its growth stage. During the vegetative stage, provide 16-18 hours of light per day. In the flowering stage, reduce the lighting duration to 12 hours per day. Maintain an air temperature of 70-75°F (21-24°C) and a relative humidity of 40-60% for optimal growth.
Nutrient Solution
Purple coneflower prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth.
Hydroponic System
A Deep Water Culture (DWC) system is best suited for growing purple coneflower.
Nutrient Solution Concentration
Maintain an EC (electrical conductivity) of 1.2-1.5 for the nutrient solution.
Frequency of Nutrient Change
Change the nutrient solution every 2-3 weeks to prevent nutrient imbalances.
Root Rot Prevention
Prevent root rot by ensuring proper oxygenation of the roots using an air stone or airstone.
Lighting Requirements
Provide 16-18 hours of light per day during the vegetative stage and 12 hours per day during the flowering stage.
Temperature and Humidity
Maintain an air temperature of 70-75°F (21-24°C) and a relative humidity of 40-60%.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering Symptoms of Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, root rot...
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering Symptoms of Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, leaf curling, yellowing leaves...
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Leaf curling
Leaves may curl inward or downward as they attempt to conserve water and minimize water loss through transpiration.
Increased susceptibility to pests and diseases
Underwatered plants may become more susceptible to pests and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Purple Coneflower
Why are the leaves of my purple coneflower turning yellow?
Yellow leaves can signify overwatering, which leads to a condition called root rot. Reduce your watering frequency or volume. Ensure that purple coneflower is planted in well-draining soil, or if in a pot, make sure it has ample drainage holes.
My purple coneflower is wilting despite regular watering, what might be the problem?
Wilting could be a sign of underwatering. Although purple coneflower is drought-tolerant, it still needs consistent watering especially in dry conditions. Increase your watering frequency, but be careful not to oversaturate the soil.
The lower leaves of my purple coneflower are drying and falling off, what should I do?
This can be due to both overwatering and underwatering. Adjust your watering accordingly by checking the soil moisture levels before watering. Dry soil indicates that the plant may need more water, whereas waterlogged soil may mean you are overwatering.
Why are the stems of my purple coneflower appearing soft and rotting?
This is a classic symptom of overwatering, leading to stem rot. Cut back on your watering and ensure your purple coneflower is planted in well-draining soil. If the condition persists, remove the affected parts to prevent the rot from spreading.
How do I know if my purple coneflower is receiving enough water?
Always check the soil before watering. The topsoil should be slightly dry before the next watering. Purple coneflower is a perennial plant with average watering needs, but it can tolerate short periods of drought.
Discover information about plant diseases, toxicity, weed control and more.
Lighting
close
Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
The purple coneflower thrives when bathed in generous amounts of sunlight all day, yet can adapt to a scenario where only some parts of the day are sunlit. Originating from environments accustomed to an abundance of sun, it is robust to fluctuating light conditions, though inadequate light can impair its vigor and intense sunlight may cause scorching.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
icon
Know the light your plants really get.
Find the best spots for them to optimize their health, simply using your phone.
Download the App
Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
View more
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Purple coneflower thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your purple coneflower may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Purple coneflower enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Purple coneflower thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
Discover information about plant diseases, toxicity, weed control and more.
Temperature
close
Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Purple coneflower is native to regions with temperate climates and prefers temperatures in the range of 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). In cooler seasons, it's best to adjust the environment to maintain the warmth purple coneflower requires.
Regional wintering strategies
Purple coneflower has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Purple coneflower
Purple coneflower is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Purple coneflower
During summer, Purple coneflower should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
Discover information about plant diseases, toxicity, weed control and more.
Cookie Management Tool
In addition to managing cookies through your browser or device, you can change your cookie settings below.
Necessary Cookies
Necessary cookies enable core functionality. The website cannot function properly without these cookies, and can only be disabled by changing your browser preferences.
Analytical Cookies
Analytical cookies help us to improve our application/website by collecting and reporting information on its usage.
Cookie Name Source Purpose Lifespan
_ga Google Analytics These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here. 1 Year
_pta PictureThis Analytics We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience. 1 Year
Cookie Name
_ga
Source
Google Analytics
Purpose
These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
_pta
Source
PictureThis Analytics
Purpose
We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience.
Lifespan
1 Year
Marketing Cookies
Marketing cookies are used by advertising companies to serve ads that are relevant to your interests.
Cookie Name Source Purpose Lifespan
_fbp Facebook Pixel A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here. 1 Year
_adj Adjust This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here. 1 Year
Cookie Name
_fbp
Source
Facebook Pixel
Purpose
A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
_adj
Source
Adjust
Purpose
This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year
This page looks better in the app
Open