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Olive play
Olive
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Olive
Olive
Olive
Olive
Olive
Olea europaea
Also known as : Indian olive, Wild-olive
Olive (Olea europaea) is an evergreen tree or shrub with great agricultural importance, especially in the Mediterranean. Its fruits are edible and widely used for making oil. Olive has acquired quite a few symbolic meanings during its long history of cultivation. The most popular symbol would probably be the olive branch, which represents peace and glory.
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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care guide

Care Guide for Olive

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Even when young, Olive trees are fairly drought-tolerant. It's far easier to accidentally overwater these plants than it is to underwater them 鈥?in general they should get regular, if not very frequent waterings. Whether planted in the ground or in a pot, wait until the top several inches of soil around your Olive tree is dry before watering.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Olive plants aren't too nutrient-hungry. If yours are in containers, the potting soil you've used probably has plenty enough nutrients in it already. Trees planted directly in the ground, if their growth seems lacking, can be fed a basic, balanced (10-10-10 or similar) fertilizer. Slow or fast-release are both fine, so long as none gets on the plant's stem or any exposed roots.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the dead, diseased, overgrown branches in winter.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Loam, Sand, Chalky, Clay, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements Ideal Lighting
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Olive
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
8 to 10
Planting Time
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
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Questions About Olive

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Olive?
Your Olive will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Olive. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Olive. However, the Olive usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Olive too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Olive can rely on rain most of the time.
When your Olive is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Olive, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Olive from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Olive in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Olive, simply water this plant more frequently.
Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Olive?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Olive is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants.
For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Olive. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Olive .
Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Olive need?
When it comes time to water your Olive, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Olive by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Olive gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes.
If your Olive is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Olive is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Olive a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Olive enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Olive, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Olive will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Olive will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Olive.
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How can I water my Olive at different growth stages?
When the Olive is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Olive that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Olive can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Olive is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Olive through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Olive. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Olive will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Olive indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Olive may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Key Facts About Olive

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Attributes of Olive

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Mid spring, Late spring
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
4 m to 15 m
Spread
8 m
Leaf Color
Green
Silver
Gray
Flower Size
2 cm to 4 cm
Flower Color
White
Yellow
Fruit Color
Green
Black
Purple
Stem Color
Green
Silver
Black
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Pollinators
Bees

Name story

Olive tree||European olive
Olive comes from the latin saint's name Oliva. Its botanical name, Olea europaea means "European olive". Moreover, its fruit is one of the sources of olive oil in the Mediterranean and has served as an important agricultural significance for the Mediterranean. It is sometimes called Olive tree, or European olive.

Symbolism

Victory, hope, blessing

Usages

Artistic Value
The olive has always been a sacred symbol in western countries and one of the oldest tree species.
Garden Use
Olive can be used in hedges or flowerbed greening. Some people grow it to harvest the fruits, but it can be a useful landscaping plant simply for its attractive appearance. It is often planted with rose bushes, which are used as a marker that the olives will grow healthily.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Olives are one of the earliest plants recorded in literature. More than 2,000 years ago, Horace, an ancient Roman poet, wrote in an article about his diet that "As for me, olives, endives, and mallows provide sustenance." ("Me pascunt olivae, me cichorea, me malvae")

Scientific Classification of Olive

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Olive

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Common issues for Olive based on 10 million real cases
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a harmful plant disease that affects Olive, leading to significant yield loss. It is caused by various pathogens and exhibits primary symptoms of leaf necrosis. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, which requires adequate control and prevention strategies to subdue its impact.
Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a pathogenic disease that compromises the functionality of the host, Olive. It impairs the plant's water transportation system, causing overall health deterioration, reduced yield, and even death of the plant if uncontrolled.
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a devastating disease affecting Olive, causing leaves to turn brown and fall prematurely, leading to a significant reduction in oil production and overall yield. Infected fruits often display round, sunken spots, diminishing their market value.
Mealybugs
Mealybugs Mealybugs
Mealybugs
Mealybugs is a pest disease impacting Olive, causing slowed growth, leaf drop, and reduced vitality. Resulting from Pseudococcidae infestation, its presence can lead to honeydew-carrying sooty mold, disrupting the photosynthesis process.
Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Plant dried up
Plant dried up Plant dried up
Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Solutions: The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
Leaf blight is a harmful plant disease that affects Olive, leading to significant yield loss. It is caused by various pathogens and exhibits primary symptoms of leaf necrosis. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, which requires adequate control and prevention strategies to subdue its impact.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms of the disease on Olive, include necrotic spots on the leaf surface leading to complete defoliation in severe cases. Additionally, the disease might cause premature fruit drop, reducing the plant's overall productivity and health.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
1
Fungal pathogens
It is primarily caused by fungal pathogens, such as Coniothyrium spp. and Spilocaea oleaginea,
2
Environmental conditions
Conditions like high humidity and temperatures facilitate the spread and severity of the disease,
3
Poor cultural practices
Inadequate irrigation management, overcrowding, and poor pruning can enhance disease susceptibility and progression.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Plant hygiene: Regularly remove and destroy affected leaves to limit the spread of the disease,

Crop rotation: Practicing crop rotation can reduce the number of disease-causing spores in the soil.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Use labeled fungicides for specified pathogens to control disease progression,

Timely application: Apply pesticides during sprouting or before expected rainy periods to ensure effectiveness.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Olive?
What is Wilting Disease on Olive?
Wilting is a pathogenic disease that compromises the functionality of the host, Olive. It impairs the plant's water transportation system, causing overall health deterioration, reduced yield, and even death of the plant if uncontrolled.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Wilting in Olive is manifested by symptoms such as yellowing of leaves, twig dieback, and overall failure to thrive. Advanced stages manifest as leaf scorching, stunted growth, and eventual death.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Olive?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Olive?
1
xylella fastidiosa
A bacterium that blocks the water transportation system in the Olive.
2
High water stress
Excessive watering or prolonged drought can increase susceptibility to Wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Resistant varieties: Use varieties resistant to Wilting.

Good watering practices: Avoid both excessive watering and under-watering to reduce stress vulnerability.
2
Pesticide
Systemic insecticides: Control insects, particularly spittlebugs, which transmit Wilting.

Copper-based sprays: Control bacteria, but be aware of potential phytotoxicity on sensitive plants.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
Brown spot is a devastating disease affecting Olive, causing leaves to turn brown and fall prematurely, leading to a significant reduction in oil production and overall yield. Infected fruits often display round, sunken spots, diminishing their market value.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Typically beginning on Olive's leaves, Brown spot causes round yellowish-brown spots that can enlarge and coalesce. Infected branches show dark areas, and fruits exhibit round, sunken spots. Severe infection leads to the defoliation of the tree.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
1
Pathogen
This disease is caused by the fungal pathogen Spilocaea oleagina, which thrives in cool and moist conditions.
2
Environmental factors
High humidity, rainfall, and temperatures between 15°C to 25°C provide ideal conditions for the fungus.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Regular pruning and destruction of infected plant materials reduces the spore load.

Cultural practices: Proper irrigation practices, avoiding wetting the leaf surface, can reduce the incidence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of copper-based fungicides at the onset of epidemic conditions can control the disease.

Biocontrol: Use microbial agents like Bacillus subtilis can limit fungal growth.
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Mealybugs
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
What is Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
Mealybugs is a pest disease impacting Olive, causing slowed growth, leaf drop, and reduced vitality. Resulting from Pseudococcidae infestation, its presence can lead to honeydew-carrying sooty mold, disrupting the photosynthesis process.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Olive's leaves may turn yellow and fall off, the plant growth is stunted, and there's declining vitality. Honeydew, a sticky secretion attracting ants and fostering sooty mold, is a prominent symptom, interrupting photosynthesis.
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
1
Pseudococcidae
They are slow-moving insects with a waxy or mealy white substance coating their bodies. They colonize the undersides of Olive leaves and stems, sucking the sap and weakening the plant.
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Isolation: Remove infested plants from the healthy ones

Physical removal: Use a soft cloth or small brush to physically remove mealybugs from the plant

Biological control: Introduce natural predators like ladybugs, lacewings, or parasitic wasps.
2
Pesticide
Insecticidal soap: Apply a solution of soap and water to the infested areas

Neem oil: Spray on the plant as it suffocates mealybugs

Pesticides: Use chemicals such as imidacloprid to control mealybugs.
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Longhorn beetles
plant poor
Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
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Plant dried up
plant poor
Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has dried out and turned brown. It might be starting to wilt, with no noticeable green around the stems and leaves. Touch the leaves, and they may crinkle under your fingers.
Possible causes of a dried out plant include:
  1. Not enough water. A lack of water will lead to dry plant tissue.
  2. Too much water. Watering too much can lead to root rot which makes the plant struggle to take up water. Rotted, mushy roots are a sign of overeating.
  3. Entering dormancy. As perennial plants enter their resting period known as dormancy, their leaves dry out and may fall off. This happens during decreasing day length.
  4. Exposure to herbicides and other toxic substances. If a plant is hit with a large dose herbicide or other toxic chemical, the plant will turn brown.
  5. Too much fertility. An excess of fertilizer can prevent plants from taking up water, leading to drying.
  6. Improper sun exposure. Just like humans, plants can get sunburn by intense, direct light. Plants can also dry out if they don’t receive enough light.
To determine whether the plant is still alive and can be saved, you can:
  1. Bend a stem. If the stem is pliable, the plant is still alive. If the stem breaks, the plant is dead.
  2. Gently scratch the stem with your fingernail for signs of green inside. If your plant is dead, the stem will be brittle and brown throughout.
  3. Cut the stems back a little bit a time for visible green growth. If none of the stems have visible green growth, the plant is dead.
Solutions
Solutions
The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method.
  1. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
  2. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems.
  3. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species.
  4. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil.
  5. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention involves providing your plant with the proper environment.
  1. Provide the proper amount of water. The amount of water depends on a plant’s size, species, and environment. A general rule is to allow soil to dry out between waterings.
  2. Place plants in the proper environment. Provide the proper hours of sun and temperature for your individual plant.
  3. Provide proper fertility. Most plants only need to be fertilized once or twice a year; don’t overapply.
  4. Keep plants free from toxic substances. Keep herbicides and toxic household chemicals away from your plants.
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distribution

Distribution of Olive

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Habitat of Olive

Woods, Scrub
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Olive

Olive has a broad geographical footprint, natively spanning multiple continents, including Mediterranean regions, parts of Africa, and areas within the Middle East and Asia. It has been introduced to other territories like certain parts of Asia, Africa, and South America, and even making its way to Oceania and North America. While olive is extensively cultivated, contributing to its widespread presence, it is sometimes thought to be invasive in certain areas, although it may have an impact on ecosystems rather than causing significant disruptions. Its cultivation is predominantly for its value rather than an unintentional spread into wild areas.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Olive Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Olive hails from regions in the Mediterranean, including parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia. It thrives in areas with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. These environmental factors directly influence its watering preferences. Olive has adapted to survive long periods of drought, so it prefers infrequent but deep waterings. It's essential to mimic its native environment by allowing the soil to dry between waterings to prevent root rot. Providing well-draining soil and adjusting watering frequency accordingly will ensure the health of olive plants.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
As a species originating from environments where sunlight is plentiful, the olive thrives when exposed to a generous amount of light each day. While it can endure in areas where the light is diminished, the olive does its absolute best when the sun's rays penetrate without obstacle. Overexposure is seldom an issue, whereas paltry light can stunt growth and impair health.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
-5 - 41 ℃
The olive grows in a native Mediterranean climate where temperatures range from 50 to 77 ℉ (10 to 25 ℃), and it prefers a temperature range of 59 to 95 ℉ (15 to 35 ℃). During the winter dormancy period, it can withstand temperatures as low as 23 to 32 ℉ (-5 to 0 ℃). In the summer, it is recommended to provide shading or misting to prevent heat stress.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
10-20 feet
The perfect time to transplant olive is early to mid-summer, as the plant can settle in warmer weather. Ensure your location has well-draining soil and ample sunlight. When transplanting, handle olive's delicate roots with care to encourage healthy growth.
Transplant Techniques
Pollination
Normal
Olive is primarily pollinated by diligent bees, drawn by enticing natural fragrances. Employing a marvelous mechanism of self-incompatibility, it fosters cross-pollination, thereby advancing genetic diversity. Most intriguingly, the timing of this pollination spectacle aligns with the gentle rhythm of spring, making it a delightful and essential event in the timeline of nature's beauty.
Pollination Techniques
Overwinter
-5 - 41 ℃
Olive thrives in Mediterranean climates, naturally tolerating cool, wet winters. Its resilience to frost varies with maturity and variety; young trees are especially sensitive. Winter care for olive includes ample drainage to prevent waterlogging and potential chill-damage, meticulous pruning, and, for colder regions, appropriate winter protection such as wrap or shelter.
Winter Techniques
Pruning
Winter
Known for its gnarled trunk and silvery foliage, olive benefits from careful shaping to enhance fruit production. Key pruning involves thinning crowded branches and removing suckers, ideally during dormancy in winter. This timing prevents excessive sap loss and disease entry. Proper pruning ensures adequate sunlight penetration and air circulation, leading to healthier trees and improved yield. When tackling olive, always sterilize tools to minimize disease transmission.
Pruning techniques
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a harmful plant disease that affects Olive, leading to significant yield loss. It is caused by various pathogens and exhibits primary symptoms of leaf necrosis. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, which requires adequate control and prevention strategies to subdue its impact.
Learn More About the Disease
Wilting
Wilting is a pathogenic disease that compromises the functionality of the host, Olive. It impairs the plant's water transportation system, causing overall health deterioration, reduced yield, and even death of the plant if uncontrolled.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a devastating disease affecting Olive, causing leaves to turn brown and fall prematurely, leading to a significant reduction in oil production and overall yield. Infected fruits often display round, sunken spots, diminishing their market value.
Learn More About the Disease
Mealybugs
Mealybugs is a pest disease impacting Olive, causing slowed growth, leaf drop, and reduced vitality. Resulting from Pseudococcidae infestation, its presence can lead to honeydew-carrying sooty mold, disrupting the photosynthesis process.
Learn More About the Disease
Feng shui direction
East
Olive is often associated with abundance, peace, and prosperity, making it a favorable choice for harmonious Feng Shui. When placed in the East-facing direction, it could potentially enhance the flow of positive energy, nurturing health and family well-being in the household.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Olive

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Lily of the valley
Lily of the valley
Lily of the valley is highly poisonous and originates in Eurasia. Although it is toxic, it is popular in gardens and the perfume industry for its charming flowers and fragrance. Lily of the valley is the national flower of Finland and was the national flower of former Yugoslavia.
Pencil cactus
Pencil cactus
Pencil cactus (Euphorbia tirucalli) is a small tree shrub that grows best in warm arid climates and is named for its pencil-sized succulent branches. Pencil cactus is native to black clay soils in Africa and can be poisonous if ingested. It produces a latex compound that can be poisonous and cause blindness.
Ditch lily
Ditch lily
The ditch lily is a perennial plant known for its captivating lily-like blooms. Its natural habitats are meadows and forests, but it is also a common garden plant in temperate regions around the world. Each individual flower lasts only a day, but the plant will bloom new ones for weeks. Ditch lily's young buds and flowers are edible either raw or cooked. As a bonus to vegetarians, the flowers contain more fats than most vegetables.
European spindletree
European spindletree
The european spindletree is a common garden and park plant due to its beautiful flowering and hardiness. As the name infers, its wood is very hard and can be used to make spindles to spin wool. The fruit of the european spindletree is poisonous and can result in liver damage or death.
Yellow daylily
Yellow daylily
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, colloquially known as yellow daylily, is an ornamental perennial herbaceous plant with very fragrant yellow flowers. It is commonly cultivated in flowerbeds, containers and as a groundcover plant. Due to its dense semi-evergreen leaves and early-blooming flowers, yellow daylily is highly appreciated amongst gardeners.
Snow-on-the-mountain
Snow-on-the-mountain
Snow-on-the-mountain (Euphorbia marginata) is a plant species that often grows where other plants cannot survive. Snow-on-the-mountain thrives in dark, shady places and provides a ground cover. Its ground cover is distinctive due to its leaves, which can be white, light yellow, or a variegated combination. These leaves, when added to the white flowers, create an appearance of snow that gives the plant its name.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Olive play
Olive
Olive
Olive
Olive
Olive
Olive
Olea europaea
Also known as: Indian olive, Wild-olive
Olive (Olea europaea) is an evergreen tree or shrub with great agricultural importance, especially in the Mediterranean. Its fruits are edible and widely used for making oil. Olive has acquired quite a few symbolic meanings during its long history of cultivation. The most popular symbol would probably be the olive branch, which represents peace and glory.
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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Questions About Olive

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Olive?
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What should I do if I water my Olive too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Olive?
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How much water does my Olive need?
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Olive enough?
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How can I water my Olive at different growth stages?
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How can I water my Olive through the seasons?
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What's the difference between watering my Olive indoors vs outdoors?
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Key Facts About Olive

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Attributes of Olive

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Mid spring, Late spring
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
4 m to 15 m
Spread
8 m
Leaf Color
Green
Silver
Gray
Flower Size
2 cm to 4 cm
Flower Color
White
Yellow
Fruit Color
Green
Black
Purple
Stem Color
Green
Silver
Black
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Pollinators
Bees
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Name story

Olive tree||European olive
Olive comes from the latin saint's name Oliva. Its botanical name, Olea europaea means "European olive". Moreover, its fruit is one of the sources of olive oil in the Mediterranean and has served as an important agricultural significance for the Mediterranean. It is sometimes called Olive tree, or European olive.

Symbolism

Victory, hope, blessing

Usages

Artistic Value
The olive has always been a sacred symbol in western countries and one of the oldest tree species.
Garden Use
Olive can be used in hedges or flowerbed greening. Some people grow it to harvest the fruits, but it can be a useful landscaping plant simply for its attractive appearance. It is often planted with rose bushes, which are used as a marker that the olives will grow healthily.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Olives are one of the earliest plants recorded in literature. More than 2,000 years ago, Horace, an ancient Roman poet, wrote in an article about his diet that "As for me, olives, endives, and mallows provide sustenance." ("Me pascunt olivae, me cichorea, me malvae")

Scientific Classification of Olive

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Olive

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Common issues for Olive based on 10 million real cases
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a harmful plant disease that affects Olive, leading to significant yield loss. It is caused by various pathogens and exhibits primary symptoms of leaf necrosis. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, which requires adequate control and prevention strategies to subdue its impact.
Learn More About the Leaf blight more
Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting is a pathogenic disease that compromises the functionality of the host, Olive. It impairs the plant's water transportation system, causing overall health deterioration, reduced yield, and even death of the plant if uncontrolled.
Learn More About the Wilting more
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot is a devastating disease affecting Olive, causing leaves to turn brown and fall prematurely, leading to a significant reduction in oil production and overall yield. Infected fruits often display round, sunken spots, diminishing their market value.
Learn More About the Brown blotch more
Mealybugs
Mealybugs Mealybugs Mealybugs
Mealybugs is a pest disease impacting Olive, causing slowed growth, leaf drop, and reduced vitality. Resulting from Pseudococcidae infestation, its presence can lead to honeydew-carrying sooty mold, disrupting the photosynthesis process.
Learn More About the Mealybugs more
Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Learn More About the Longhorn beetles more
Plant dried up
Plant dried up Plant dried up Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Solutions: The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
Leaf blight is a harmful plant disease that affects Olive, leading to significant yield loss. It is caused by various pathogens and exhibits primary symptoms of leaf necrosis. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, which requires adequate control and prevention strategies to subdue its impact.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms of the disease on Olive, include necrotic spots on the leaf surface leading to complete defoliation in severe cases. Additionally, the disease might cause premature fruit drop, reducing the plant's overall productivity and health.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
1
Fungal pathogens
It is primarily caused by fungal pathogens, such as Coniothyrium spp. and Spilocaea oleaginea,
2
Environmental conditions
Conditions like high humidity and temperatures facilitate the spread and severity of the disease,
3
Poor cultural practices
Inadequate irrigation management, overcrowding, and poor pruning can enhance disease susceptibility and progression.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Plant hygiene: Regularly remove and destroy affected leaves to limit the spread of the disease,

Crop rotation: Practicing crop rotation can reduce the number of disease-causing spores in the soil.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Use labeled fungicides for specified pathogens to control disease progression,

Timely application: Apply pesticides during sprouting or before expected rainy periods to ensure effectiveness.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Olive?
What is Wilting Disease on Olive?
Wilting is a pathogenic disease that compromises the functionality of the host, Olive. It impairs the plant's water transportation system, causing overall health deterioration, reduced yield, and even death of the plant if uncontrolled.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Wilting in Olive is manifested by symptoms such as yellowing of leaves, twig dieback, and overall failure to thrive. Advanced stages manifest as leaf scorching, stunted growth, and eventual death.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Olive?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Olive?
1
xylella fastidiosa
A bacterium that blocks the water transportation system in the Olive.
2
High water stress
Excessive watering or prolonged drought can increase susceptibility to Wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Resistant varieties: Use varieties resistant to Wilting.

Good watering practices: Avoid both excessive watering and under-watering to reduce stress vulnerability.
2
Pesticide
Systemic insecticides: Control insects, particularly spittlebugs, which transmit Wilting.

Copper-based sprays: Control bacteria, but be aware of potential phytotoxicity on sensitive plants.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
Brown spot is a devastating disease affecting Olive, causing leaves to turn brown and fall prematurely, leading to a significant reduction in oil production and overall yield. Infected fruits often display round, sunken spots, diminishing their market value.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Typically beginning on Olive's leaves, Brown spot causes round yellowish-brown spots that can enlarge and coalesce. Infected branches show dark areas, and fruits exhibit round, sunken spots. Severe infection leads to the defoliation of the tree.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
1
Pathogen
This disease is caused by the fungal pathogen Spilocaea oleagina, which thrives in cool and moist conditions.
2
Environmental factors
High humidity, rainfall, and temperatures between 15°C to 25°C provide ideal conditions for the fungus.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Regular pruning and destruction of infected plant materials reduces the spore load.

Cultural practices: Proper irrigation practices, avoiding wetting the leaf surface, can reduce the incidence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of copper-based fungicides at the onset of epidemic conditions can control the disease.

Biocontrol: Use microbial agents like Bacillus subtilis can limit fungal growth.
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Mealybugs
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
What is Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
Mealybugs is a pest disease impacting Olive, causing slowed growth, leaf drop, and reduced vitality. Resulting from Pseudococcidae infestation, its presence can lead to honeydew-carrying sooty mold, disrupting the photosynthesis process.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Olive's leaves may turn yellow and fall off, the plant growth is stunted, and there's declining vitality. Honeydew, a sticky secretion attracting ants and fostering sooty mold, is a prominent symptom, interrupting photosynthesis.
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
1
Pseudococcidae
They are slow-moving insects with a waxy or mealy white substance coating their bodies. They colonize the undersides of Olive leaves and stems, sucking the sap and weakening the plant.
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Olive?
1
Non pesticide
Isolation: Remove infested plants from the healthy ones

Physical removal: Use a soft cloth or small brush to physically remove mealybugs from the plant

Biological control: Introduce natural predators like ladybugs, lacewings, or parasitic wasps.
2
Pesticide
Insecticidal soap: Apply a solution of soap and water to the infested areas

Neem oil: Spray on the plant as it suffocates mealybugs

Pesticides: Use chemicals such as imidacloprid to control mealybugs.
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Longhorn beetles
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Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Keeping trees healthy, uninjured, and unstressed will help prevent beetle infestation. Water trees appropriately, giving neither too much nor too little.
  • Check with local tree companies about which tree species have fewer problems.
  • Avoid moving firewood as this can introduce exotic longhorn beetles.
  • Routine spraying of persistent, broad-spectrum insecticides will help prevent re-infestation of previously affected trees or infestation of unaffected trees.
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Plant dried up
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Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has dried out and turned brown. It might be starting to wilt, with no noticeable green around the stems and leaves. Touch the leaves, and they may crinkle under your fingers.
Possible causes of a dried out plant include:
  1. Not enough water. A lack of water will lead to dry plant tissue.
  2. Too much water. Watering too much can lead to root rot which makes the plant struggle to take up water. Rotted, mushy roots are a sign of overeating.
  3. Entering dormancy. As perennial plants enter their resting period known as dormancy, their leaves dry out and may fall off. This happens during decreasing day length.
  4. Exposure to herbicides and other toxic substances. If a plant is hit with a large dose herbicide or other toxic chemical, the plant will turn brown.
  5. Too much fertility. An excess of fertilizer can prevent plants from taking up water, leading to drying.
  6. Improper sun exposure. Just like humans, plants can get sunburn by intense, direct light. Plants can also dry out if they don’t receive enough light.
To determine whether the plant is still alive and can be saved, you can:
  1. Bend a stem. If the stem is pliable, the plant is still alive. If the stem breaks, the plant is dead.
  2. Gently scratch the stem with your fingernail for signs of green inside. If your plant is dead, the stem will be brittle and brown throughout.
  3. Cut the stems back a little bit a time for visible green growth. If none of the stems have visible green growth, the plant is dead.
Solutions
Solutions
The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method.
  1. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
  2. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems.
  3. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species.
  4. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil.
  5. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention involves providing your plant with the proper environment.
  1. Provide the proper amount of water. The amount of water depends on a plant’s size, species, and environment. A general rule is to allow soil to dry out between waterings.
  2. Place plants in the proper environment. Provide the proper hours of sun and temperature for your individual plant.
  3. Provide proper fertility. Most plants only need to be fertilized once or twice a year; don’t overapply.
  4. Keep plants free from toxic substances. Keep herbicides and toxic household chemicals away from your plants.
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distribution

Distribution of Olive

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Habitat of Olive

Woods, Scrub
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Olive

Olive has a broad geographical footprint, natively spanning multiple continents, including Mediterranean regions, parts of Africa, and areas within the Middle East and Asia. It has been introduced to other territories like certain parts of Asia, Africa, and South America, and even making its way to Oceania and North America. While olive is extensively cultivated, contributing to its widespread presence, it is sometimes thought to be invasive in certain areas, although it may have an impact on ecosystems rather than causing significant disruptions. Its cultivation is predominantly for its value rather than an unintentional spread into wild areas.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Plants Related to Olive

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Olive Watering Instructions
Olive hails from regions in the Mediterranean, including parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia. It thrives in areas with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. These environmental factors directly influence its watering preferences. Olive has adapted to survive long periods of drought, so it prefers infrequent but deep waterings. It's essential to mimic its native environment by allowing the soil to dry between waterings to prevent root rot. Providing well-draining soil and adjusting watering frequency accordingly will ensure the health of olive plants.
When Should I Water My Olive?
Introduction
Timely watering is crucial in maintaining the overall health and growth of olive. It is critical to identify the signs that the plant needs watering to ensure its survival and productivity.
Soil Dryness
For olive, checking the soil is an important determinant of when to water. This plant prefers soil that is dry to the touch. Use a finger to test the moisture level in the soil; if the top 1 to 2 inches of soil are completely dry, this indicates that it's time to water the plant.
Leaf Health
A visual inspection of the leaves of olive serves as another clear indicator. The plant's leaves starting to curl, wilt, or lose their vibrancy usually suggests a need for watering.
Leaf Color
Olive's leaves can help determine the plant's water need. Healthy olive plants should have strong, green leaves. Existence of yellowing leaves with dry, brittle edges often signifies the plant's need for water.
Plant Growth
Olive shows slower growth when lacking water. Less new growth and smaller, underdeveloped leaves indicate water necessity for the plant.
Risks of Improper Watering
Over-watering olive may cause root rot and other fungal problems, while under-watering can lead to dehydration and reduced growth. It's crucial to maintain the delicate balance to ensure a healthy plant.
Additional Notes
Remember that these signs are only indications; for the best health of the plant, consider olive's overall condition along with these signs. Also note that climatic and soil conditions can affect watering patterns, hence these signs are not 'standalone' indicators.
How Should I Water My Olive?
Watering Requirements
Olive, like many Mediterranean plants, is drought-tolerant and prefers well-draining soil. It is important to avoid over-watering to prevent root rot.
Watering Technique
One effective technique for watering olive is the 'soak and dry' method. This involves thoroughly watering the plant until water drains out of the bottom of the pot, and then allowing the top inch or so of soil to dry out before watering again.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, opt for one with a detachable rose or spout that allows a gentle, targeted flow. This helps prevent excessive water accumulation and ensures the water reaches the root zone.
Special Equipment
A moisture meter can be useful for monitoring the moisture level in the soil. This can help determine when it's time to water olive and prevent over-watering.
Areas to Focus
Direct the watering towards the base or root zone of olive. Avoid wetting the foliage excessively, as this can lead to disease and pest issues.
Avoid
Avoid leaving standing water in the saucer or tray beneath the pot, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot.
Final Tips
Remember to water olive thoroughly but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Adjust watering frequency based on the plant's specific needs and environmental conditions.
How Much Water Does Olive Really Need?
Introduction
Olive is native to the Mediterranean region where it endures hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters, hence it has adapted to resist drought. Generally, it favors an arid climate with occasional deep watering as opposed to frequent light watering sessions.
Optimal Water Quantity
The amount of water needed by olive is determined by various factors. The size of the plant, the size of the pot, and the depth of the roots all play crucial roles. As a rule of thumb, it requires a thorough soak that permeates through the deep roots to the bottom of the pot. For a small potted olive, about a liter of water every fortnight can suffice when the temperature is average (20-25°C). For larger trees planted in the ground, less frequent, but deep watering to the extent of wetting the entire root zone, is recommended. Check the dryness of the soil around the tree by digging 15-20 cms into the soil near the base of the tree, if it feels dry, it's time to water.
Signs And Conditions
To ensure olive has been given the optimal amount of water, check the soil condition after watering. It should be well-drained and not waterlogged or excessively soggy. Yellow leaves are a clear indicator of overwatering. In contrast, if the plant is underwatered, it will exhibit wilted, dry leaves and stunt growth.
Implications Of Improper Watering
Overwatering olive can lead to its roots becoming waterlogged and deprived of oxygen, leading to root rot, a fatal condition for the plant. Furthermore, olive is susceptible to fungal diseases, which are typically exacerbated by excess moisture. Under watering can cause the plant to become stressed, reducing its growth and yield. Stressed plants are also more susceptible to insect damage or disease.
How Often Should I Water Olive?
Every 1-2 weeks
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Olive?
General Statement
Olive is a resilient plant but its water requirements need to be carefully managed for optimal health and productivity. The right water quality and temperature can significantly impact its growth.
Ideal Water Type
Olive thrives in a less controlled water environment, it can grow in different types of water including rainwater, tap water or filtered water. Still, distilled or filtered water can prevent potential problems related to mineral build-up or contamination.
Chlorine and Fluoride Sensitivity
Even though olive is not particularly sensitive to chlorine and fluoride, it can still get affected by high concentrations. If tap water is heavily treated with these chemicals, it might be beneficial to de-chlorinate the water by letting it sit out for 24 hours before use.
Sensitivity to Other Contaminants
Olive can be sensitive to high levels of sodium and certain other minerals in the water. Over time, these can build up in the soil and harm the plant. To help mitigate this risk, occasional heavy watering to leach out these excess minerals might be beneficial.
Water Treatment
As a general rule, olive prefers water that has been treated to remove any potential harmful contaminants. For tap water, this can be achieved by either filtering or by allowing water to sit out before watering which allows chlorine to evaporate.
Water Temperature Preference
Olive prefers water at ambient temperature. Cold water can shock the plant's system and hot water can damage its roots. Therefore, it is always best to water with room temperature water.
How Do Olive's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water olive in Spring?
During spring, olive experiences its active growth phase. It is essential to maintain consistent soil moisture to support healthy growth. Water regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist.
How to Water olive in Summer?
In summer, olive may experience a period of reduced growth and dormancy. Reduce watering frequency and allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.
How to Water olive in Autumn?
During autumn, olive prepares for winter dormancy. Gradually decrease the frequency of watering as the plant enters its dormant phase. Water sparingly and ensure the soil remains lightly moist.
How to Water olive in Winter?
In winter, olive experiences its dormant period. Water sparingly as the plant requires minimal moisture during this time. Allow the topsoil to dry out between waterings.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Olive Watering Routine?
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can help assess olive's deeper soil moisture needs and prevent over or under-watering. This plant prefers its soil to be mostly dry before the next watering, and a meter can effectively measure this.
Watering Time
Watering olive early in the morning allows the water to penetrate the soil thoroughly before the high evaporation rates of mid-day. It also helps prevent fungal diseases by minimizing the plant's exposure to dampness.
Soil Assessment
In addition to using a moisture meter, it's important to assess soil moisture beyond the surface level. Stick your finger about 2 inches into the soil to check for moisture. If it feels dry, it's time to water. If it's still moist, wait a bit longer.
Avoid Over-watering
One common mistake when watering olive is over-watering. This can lead to root rot and other issues. Allow the top 1-2 inches of soil to dry out between waterings to ensure the plant's roots have enough oxygen and to prevent excessive moisture.
Signs of Thirst
To determine when olive needs watering, check the leaves. If they become droopy or start to curl, it's a sign that the plant is thirsty. However, it's important not to wait until the plant reaches this point, as it can be stressful for olive.
Special Conditions - Heatwave
During a heatwave, olive may require more frequent watering. Monitor the soil moisture closely and adjust watering accordingly. It's important to balance between providing enough water to cope with the heat and preventing waterlogged soil.
Special Conditions - Extended Rain
During extended rainy periods, olive may not require additional watering. Check the soil moisture to ensure it's not becoming waterlogged, and reduce watering as needed.
Special Conditions - Plant Stress
When olive is stressed, such as after repotting or during extreme weather conditions, it may require extra care. Monitor the soil moisture and adjust watering to provide enough moisture without overwhelming the plant.
Use of Mulch
Adding a layer of organic mulch around the base of olive can help retain moisture in the soil and reduce evaporation. This can be especially beneficial during hot and dry periods.
Container Watering
For potted olive, ensure proper drainage by using pots with drainage holes and a well-draining soil mix. Avoid over-watering by letting excess water drain out of the pot and avoid letting the plant sit in standing water.
Winter Watering
During the winter months, when olive is dormant, reduce the frequency of watering but ensure the soil doesn't completely dry out. This will help maintain the plant's health and prevent dehydration.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Olive?
Overview of Hydroponics
Olive can be successfully grown using hydroponics, a method of cultivating plants without soil. Hydroponics provides precise control over nutrient delivery, water availability, and environmental factors such as light and temperature. This allows for optimal growth and higher yields compared to traditional soil-based cultivation.
Best Suited Hydroponic System
For growing olive hydroponically, the nutrient film technique (NFT) system is best suited. NFT involves a thin film of nutrient solution flowing over the roots, providing a constant supply of water and nutrients. This system ensures the roots have access to oxygen while promoting efficient nutrient uptake and preventing water stagnation.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
When growing olive hydroponically, it requires a balanced nutrient solution with a pH level ranging from 5.8 to 6.2. The concentration of nutrients should be adjusted according to the growth stage of the plant, with higher nitrogen (N) levels during vegetative growth and increased potassium (K) levels during fruiting. The nutrient solution should be changed completely every one to two weeks to avoid nutrient imbalances and ensure optimal plant health.
Challenges and Common Issues
Root rot can be a common issue when growing olive hydroponically. To prevent this, it is essential to maintain proper oxygenation of the root zone by optimizing oxygen levels in the nutrient solution and using an appropriate growing medium. Nutrient imbalances can also occur if the nutrient solution is not properly adjusted, leading to stunted growth or nutrient deficiencies. Additionally, olive requires sufficient light for photosynthesis, so providing adequate artificial lighting or positioning the hydroponic system near a natural light source is crucial.
Monitoring Plant Health
In a hydroponic setup, monitor olive's health by observing its leaves for signs of stress or nutritional deficiencies. Common symptoms include yellowing leaves, slow growth, or wilting. Unlike soil-grown plants, root health is more easily observable in a hydroponic system. Regularly check the roots for discoloration, sliminess, or foul odors, which may indicate root rot or other issues.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
Throughout olive's growth stages, adjust the hydroponic environment accordingly. During the vegetative stage, provide higher nitrogen (N) levels in the nutrient solution to promote leaf growth. As olive enters the fruiting stage, increase the potassium (K) levels to support fruit development. Additionally, ensure that the lighting schedule aligns with the plant's natural day and night cycle, typically around 12-16 hours of light per day.
Watering Requirements
Olive has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
Bottom-watering is an effective method to ensure the roots of olive get adequate moisture without over-saturating the surface. This technique involves placing the plant pot in a tray or saucer filled with water and allowing the roots to absorb water from the bottom up. It prevents excess moisture on the foliage and minimizes the risk of fungal diseases.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, it is recommended to choose one with a narrow spout to direct the water flow directly to the base of the plant. This helps to avoid wetting the foliage excessively and promotes targeted hydration at the root level.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering Symptoms of Olive
Olive is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, root rot, leaf drop...
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Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Leaf drop
When plants are overwatered, they may shed their leaves as a response to stress, even if the leaves appear green and healthy.
Mold and mildew
Overwatered plants create a damp environment that can encourage the growth of mold and mildew on soil.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering Symptoms of Olive
Olive is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, leaf drop...
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Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dry stems
Due to insufficient water, plant stems may become dry or brittle, making the branches easy to break.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Olive
Why are the leaves of my olive turning yellow?
Yellow leaves on your olive can be a symptom of overwatering. This plant is drought-tolerant and prefers a drier soil. Too much water can lead to oxygen starvation and root rot. To resolve this, reduce your watering frequency and ensure your olive is planted in well-draining soil.
Can underwatering cause brown, crispy leaves on my olive?
Yes, while olive needs less watering, under watering or allowing the plant to dry out too much can lead to brown, crispy leaves. This is a sign of water stress. To fix this issue, water the plant thoroughly until water comes out of the drainage holes and remember to check the soil moisture levels regularly.
My olive has wilting leaves even though I water it regularly. What could be the issue?
If your olive is wilting despite regular watering, it could be due to waterlogged soil and poor drainage which can lead to root damage. Make sure your plant’s pot has ample drainage holes and the soil is well-draining. If necessary, repot the plant using a soil mix suitable for succulents, which drains more effectively.
The fruit on my olive is dropping prematurely. Could this be a watering problem?
Yes, inconsistent watering can cause fruit drop in olive. Fluctuations between dry and wet soil can stress the plant, leading to premature fruit drop. The solution is to water evenly and regularly, allowing the soil to dry out partially between waterings.
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Lighting
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
As a species originating from environments where sunlight is plentiful, the olive thrives when exposed to a generous amount of light each day. While it can endure in areas where the light is diminished, the olive does its absolute best when the sun's rays penetrate without obstacle. Overexposure is seldom an issue, whereas paltry light can stunt growth and impair health.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Olive thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your olive may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Olive enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Olive thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The olive grows in a native Mediterranean climate where temperatures range from 50 to 77 ℉ (10 to 25 ℃), and it prefers a temperature range of 59 to 95 ℉ (15 to 35 ℃). During the winter dormancy period, it can withstand temperatures as low as 23 to 32 ℉ (-5 to 0 ℃). In the summer, it is recommended to provide shading or misting to prevent heat stress.
Regional wintering strategies
Olive has some cold tolerance and generally does not require any additional measures when the temperature is above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. However, if the temperature is expected to drop below {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}, it is necessary to take some temporary measures for cold protection, such as wrapping the plant with plastic film, fabric, or other materials. Once the temperature rises again, the protective measures should be removed promptly.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Olive
Olive has moderate tolerance to low temperatures and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may start to droop. In mild cases, they can recover, but in severe cases, the leaves will wilt and eventually fall off.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Prior to encountering low temperatures again, wrap the plant with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth, and construct a wind barrier to protect it from the cold wind.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Olive
During summer, Olive should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, the leaf tips may become dry and withered, the leaves may curl, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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