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Taiwanese photinia play
Taiwanese photinia
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Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Photinia serratifolia
Also known as : Japanese photinia
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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care guide

Care Guide for Taiwanese photinia

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Shape the plant every 2 months during the growing season.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Clay, Acidic, Neutral
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Details on Repotting Repotting
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Taiwanese photinia
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
6 to 10
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
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Questions About Taiwanese photinia

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Taiwanese photinia?
Your Taiwanese photinia will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Taiwanese photinia. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Taiwanese photinia. However, the Taiwanese photinia usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Taiwanese photinia too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Taiwanese photinia can rely on rain most of the time. When your Taiwanese photinia is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Taiwanese photinia, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Taiwanese photinia from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Taiwanese photinia in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Taiwanese photinia, simply water this plant more frequently. Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Taiwanese photinia?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Taiwanese photinia is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants. For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Taiwanese photinia. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Taiwanese photinia . Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Taiwanese photinia need?
When it comes time to water your Taiwanese photinia, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Taiwanese photinia by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Taiwanese photinia gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes. If your Taiwanese photinia is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Taiwanese photinia is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Taiwanese photinia a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Taiwanese photinia enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Taiwanese photinia, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Taiwanese photinia will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Taiwanese photinia will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Taiwanese photinia.
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How can I water my Taiwanese photinia at different growth stages?
When the Taiwanese photinia is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Taiwanese photinia that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Taiwanese photinia can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Taiwanese photinia is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Taiwanese photinia through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Taiwanese photinia. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Taiwanese photinia will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Taiwanese photinia indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Taiwanese photinia may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Key Facts About Taiwanese photinia

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Attributes of Taiwanese photinia

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Bloom Time
Spring
Harvest Time
Fall, Winter
Plant Height
4 m to 12 m
Spread
2.5 m to 6 m
Leaf Color
Green
Red
Flower Size
6 mm to 8 mm
Flower Color
White
Fruit Color
Red
Burgundy
Stem Color
Brown
Green
Silver
Red
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
10 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring
Growth Rate
Moderate

Name story

Chinese photinia||Japanese photinia||Taiwanese photinia

Symbolism

Usages

Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Taiwanese photinia

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Taiwanese photinia

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Common issues for Taiwanese photinia based on 10 million real cases
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Treat and prevent plant diseases.
AI-powered plant doctor helps you diagnose plant problems in seconds.
Black blotch
Black Spot is a fungal disease particularly affecting photinia serratifolia (Taiwanese photinia), causing black or purple spots on leaves, which eventually curl and fall off. The disease can spread rapidly and potentially kill the plant if not controlled promptly.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Leaf scorch
Leaf scorch Leaf scorch
Leaf scorch
Leaf blight causes leaves to dry out and turn brown starting at their tips.
Solutions: The solution to leaf scorch will depend on the cause, however, in general all cultural care methods that improve plant health and root functionality will reduce symptoms. Mulching the root zone (preferably with wood chip mulch) helps retain moisture, reduce evaporation, and promotes a healthy, functional root environment that is critical for water movement to the leaves. Check the root collar for girdling or circling roots that strangle the trunk and limit water and nutrient movement. Protect trees from severe root damage of nearby construction and excavation. If fertilizer burn is to blame, irrigate the soil deeply to flush out excess fertilizer salts. However, keep in mind that fertilizer runoff is an environmental pollutant. Avoiding excess fertilization in the first place is the best approach. If soil testing has revealed a potassium deficiency, apply a potassium fertilizer and water well. Even if you have enough potassium in the soil, plants will not be able to take it up if the soil is consistently too dry. Severely affected twigs may be removed using a pair of sharp and sanitized pruning shears, as weakened branches are susceptible to secondary infections. If your plant has bacterial leaf scorch, there is no cure. Antibiotic injections applied by a professional can reduce symptoms for a season, however, the above cultural management methods are the best options to reduce symptoms and prolong life. An infected plant will likely die within ten years.
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Black blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
What is Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
Black Spot is a fungal disease particularly affecting photinia serratifolia (Taiwanese photinia), causing black or purple spots on leaves, which eventually curl and fall off. The disease can spread rapidly and potentially kill the plant if not controlled promptly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Typically, spots appear on the leaves of the Taiwanese photinia, forming a blackish-purple hue. As the disease progresses, leaves may yellow, drastically curl, and drop prematurely. New shoots might also become infected and die back.
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
1
Fungi
The disease is caused chiefly by the fungus Diplocarpon rosae. It results from airborne spores or those lying in fallen leaves that infect new growth.
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Remove and dispose of infected leaves to prevent the fungus from further spreading. Maintain the tree's cleanliness to help restrict fungal growth.

Resistant varieties: Consider planting disease-resistant varieties of Taiwanese photinia if Black Spot is prevalent in the area.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use fungicides containing mancozeb or chlorothalonil at the start of spring. Repeat applications may be needed throughout the growing season, particularly during wet periods.

Repeat applications: Repeated applications of fungicides may be required to fully control the disease, especially in humid climates.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Caterpillars
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Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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Leaf scorch
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Leaf scorch
Leaf blight causes leaves to dry out and turn brown starting at their tips.
Overview
Overview
Leaf scorch refers to two general conditions: physiological leaf scorch and bacterial leaf scorch. It causes leaves to discolor starting along the margins, and eventually die.
Leaf scorch development is most common in the hot, dry season, becoming most noticeable in late summer. However, it can occur at other times of the year. It most often affects young trees and shrubs, but it can also affect flowers, vegetables, and other plants.
Leaf scorch can get progressively worse over multiple seasons. If the root causes are not addressed, leaf scorch can lead to plant death.
While you cannot reverse the damage caused by physiological leaf scorch, you can prevent further damage. With proper management, plants will fully recover. However, there is no cure for bacterial leaf scorch, which is a systemic infection.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • Yellow, brown, or blackened leaves starting with the leaf margins
  • Dying twig tips on trees and shrubs as leaves die and fall
  • Often there is a bright yellow border line between the dead and living leaf tissue
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are numerous contributing causes of leaf scorch.
Bacterial leaf scorch is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa. The bacteria block the xylem vessels, preventing water movement. Symptoms may vary across species.
Physiological leaf scorch most commonly occurs when a plant cannot take up enough water. Numerous conditions can lead to this issue, particularly an unhealthy root system. Some causes of an unhealthy root system include overly-compacted soil, recent tillage, root compaction and severing due to pavement or other construction, drought, and overly-saturated soils.
Potassium deficiency can contribute to leaf scorch. Since plants need potassium to move water, they cannot properly move water when there is a lack of potassium.
Too much fertilizer can also cause leaf scorch symptoms. The accumulation of salts (including nutrient salts from fertilizers, as well as salt water) accumulate at the leaf margins and may build up to concentrations that burn the tissues.
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distribution

Distribution of Taiwanese photinia

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Habitat of Taiwanese photinia

Mixed forests, roadsides, slopes, fields, low mountain regions, sea shores
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Taiwanese photinia

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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care_scenes

More Info on Taiwanese Photinia Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
The taiwanese photinia craves abundant sunshine to thrive healthily. While it can withstand areas with less sunlight, it excels in environments that are generously illuminated. An excess or dearth of light might negatively affect the plant's growth. Its origins in sun-drenched habitats suggest consistent sunlight exposure.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
10-12 feet
For taiwanese photinia, a quintessential time to settle into new surroundings is the vernal season's latter phase, fostering robust growth. Choose a luminous, drained location, ensuring soil consistency aligns with taiwanese photinia's preferences for thriving post-transplant.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
-15 - 41 ℃
The native growth environment of taiwanese photinia is temperate, so it prefers a temperature range between 50 to 95 ℉ (10 to 35 ℃). During the winter months, it can withstand temperatures as low as 23 ℉ (-5 ℃) but needs to be protected from frost. In hotter summer months, it benefits from some shade and regular watering to adjust to temperatures above 86 ℉ (30 ℃).
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Winter
Originating from East Asia, taiwanese photinia is a robust evergreen known for its reddish young leaves and clusters of white flowers. Key pruning techniques include thinning out overcrowded branches to maintain air circulation and shaping the plant by cutting back overgrown stems. The optimal time for pruning is winter, when the plant is dormant to ensure vigorous spring growth. Regular pruning enhances the plant's structure and promotes a healthier, more aesthetically pleasing form.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Autumn,Winter
Taiwanese photinia is easily propagated during Spring, primarily by cutting and layering methods. With successful propagation, expect new roots and shoots. Keep the soil moist and warm for optimum growth.
Propagation Techniques
Black blotch
Black Spot is a fungal disease particularly affecting photinia serratifolia (Taiwanese photinia), causing black or purple spots on leaves, which eventually curl and fall off. The disease can spread rapidly and potentially kill the plant if not controlled promptly.
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Dark spots
Dark spots on Taiwanese photinia can lead to aesthetic detriment and potential health decline. This disease manifests as unsightly blemishes on leaves and can spread if untreated, but it is generally controllable with proper care.
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Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a severe plant disease affecting Taiwanese photinia, causing significant damage. It leads to discoloration and wilting of leaves, stunted growth, and can potentially kill the plant if not managed promptly.
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Iron deficiency
Iron deficiency is a non-infectious nutritional disorder that significantly affects growth in Taiwanese photinia. This health issue manifests as symptoms of chlorosis, reduced growth, and signs of stress, ultimately affecting the plant's overall health.
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Spots
Spots is a common fungal infection affecting Taiwanese photinia. It damages the overall appearance of the plant due to unsightly spots on leaves and branches. This disease can be managed effectively with proper care.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a disease that affects the Taiwanese photinia, leading to browning, shriveling, and eventual death of leaf tips. It reduces plant vigor, affects aesthetic appeal, and can eventually lead to plant death if left unchecked.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease affecting Taiwanese photinia, characterized by rapid wilting and browning of leaves. This condition can result in significant foliage loss and weakened plant health if not managed properly.
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Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive disease that inflicts Taiwanese photinia, causing yellowing of leaves, premature defoliation, and overall reduction in vitality. Its persistence can result in major yield reduction and plant death.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal infection that affects Taiwanese photinia, leading to aesthetic damage and potential health decline. It typically manifests as dark, soot-like spots on leaves and stems.
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Lack of fertilizer
Lack of fertilizer results in nutrient deficiency impacting the overall health of a Taiwanese photinia. This deficiency manifests as discoloration, stunted growth, and decreased blooming, leading to the overall decline of the plant's health.
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Wilting
Wilting is a fatal plant disease that severely undermines Taiwanese photinia's vitality causing leaves to droop, shrivel, or discolor. It primarily arises due to fungal infections or environmental stress, significantly hampering the plant's overall health and growth.
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Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease affecting Taiwanese photinia, characterized by spotting and discoloration of leaves, which can lead to defoliation and weakened plant health if left unchecked.
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Leaf malformation
Leaf malformation in Taiwanese photinia is a disease causing abnormal leaf growth and development. It affects photosynthesis and overall health significantly, resulting in decreased plant vigor and aesthetic value.
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Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a plant disease that affects the vitality and overall appearance of Taiwanese photinia. It primarily manifests as yellowing edges on the leaves, reflecting nutritional deficiencies or poor plant care, and if not treated, can cause severe damage or even plant death.
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Plant dried up
Plant dried up' disease typically results from moistened soil, overexposure to sunlight, and certain pathogenic infections. In Taiwanese photinia, the disease significantly affects the foliage, causing wilting and browning, ultimately leading to the death of the plant if left untreated.
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Scars
Scars, a physical condition, weakens the overall growth and health of Taiwanese photinia by damaging its foliage and branches. It reduces the life span and productivity of the plant. Early detection and control are crucial to ensure Taiwanese photinia's survival.
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Leaf drop
Leaf drop in Taiwanese photinia is a widespread plant disease characterized by premature shedding of leaves. It primarily affects the health and vigor of the plant, impairing its aesthetic and functional qualities.
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Branch withering
Branch withering disease detrimentally affects Taiwanese photinia, causing foliage loss, decreased vigor, and potential death of the plant if untreated. Management involves both cultural practices and chemical treatments.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a condition affecting Taiwanese photinia, causing the plant's leaves to yellow and wilt. This often reduces plant's vigor, inhibits growth, and leads to eventual death if not duly treated. In severe cases, the disease can spread widely and rapidly across plant populations.
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Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease that predominantly affects Taiwanese photinia, leading to branch dieback, foliage loss, and, in severe cases, plant death. It is marked by wilting and blackening of branches starting at the tips.
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Feng shui direction
Northwest
The taiwanese photinia subtly directs the energy flow in a Northwest direction, which is aligned with helpful people and travel in Feng Shui. This does not mean it guarantees journeys or support, but rather encourages these energies.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Taiwanese photinia

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Japanese snake gourd
Japanese snake gourd
The japanese snake gourd is a tropical vine grown for its elongated fruit. It is eaten raw as a vegetable in Asia, and the mature scarlet pulp of this plant is used as a tomato substitute. When dried, the fruit can also be utilized to make soap.
Wild banana
Wild banana
Wild banana (Strelitzia nicolai) is a tropical tree that will grow from 8 to 9 m tall. It has banana plant-type leaves and a palm-tree like trunk. It blooms in spring with unusual flowers that resemble a bird. The flower consists of a blue bract, white petals and a bluish-purple tongue. Flowers can be as big as 18 cm wide and 46 cm long.
Potato vine
Potato vine
Potato vine is a vine that is grown as an ornamental for its star-shaped flowers. The flowers emit a sweet scent that attracts birds but drives away deer. The genus name 'Solanum' means 'comforting or soothing' in English. It bears glossy berry-like fruits that are black, blue, and purple in color.
Toddy palm
Toddy palm
Native to parts of India and Asia, toddy palm (Borassus flabellifer) is an attractive, ornamental palm tree. This species can grow up to 30 m tall. The dead leaves stay attached to the tree for years.
Cluster fig
Cluster fig
Cluster fig gets its common name from the unusual clusters of figs that form on its trunk. It is native to Australia, India, and Malaysia. This tree is worshipped in Hinduism and thought to bring enlightenment in Buddhism.
Baby sage
Baby sage
Baby sage is an evergreen shrub that is commonly found in Mexico and the Southwestern United States. This plant has distinctive leaves, which when crushed produce a pleasant scent that is a mixture of mint and black currant. Flowers are usually vibrant and range in color from light pink and rose to magenta and red.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia
Photinia serratifolia
Also known as: Japanese photinia
Water
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Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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Questions About Taiwanese photinia

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Taiwanese photinia?
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Key Facts About Taiwanese photinia

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Attributes of Taiwanese photinia

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Bloom Time
Spring
Harvest Time
Fall, Winter
Plant Height
4 m to 12 m
Spread
2.5 m to 6 m
Leaf Color
Green
Red
Flower Size
6 mm to 8 mm
Flower Color
White
Fruit Color
Red
Burgundy
Stem Color
Brown
Green
Silver
Red
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
10 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring
Growth Rate
Moderate
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Name story

Chinese photinia||Japanese photinia||Taiwanese photinia

Symbolism

Usages

Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Taiwanese photinia

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Common Pests & Diseases About Taiwanese photinia

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Common issues for Taiwanese photinia based on 10 million real cases
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Black blotch
Black Spot is a fungal disease particularly affecting photinia serratifolia (Taiwanese photinia), causing black or purple spots on leaves, which eventually curl and fall off. The disease can spread rapidly and potentially kill the plant if not controlled promptly.
Learn More About the Black blotch more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Learn More About the Brown spot more
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Learn More About the Caterpillars more
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Learn More About the Leaf beetles more
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
Leaf scorch
Leaf scorch Leaf scorch Leaf scorch
Leaf blight causes leaves to dry out and turn brown starting at their tips.
Solutions: The solution to leaf scorch will depend on the cause, however, in general all cultural care methods that improve plant health and root functionality will reduce symptoms. Mulching the root zone (preferably with wood chip mulch) helps retain moisture, reduce evaporation, and promotes a healthy, functional root environment that is critical for water movement to the leaves. Check the root collar for girdling or circling roots that strangle the trunk and limit water and nutrient movement. Protect trees from severe root damage of nearby construction and excavation. If fertilizer burn is to blame, irrigate the soil deeply to flush out excess fertilizer salts. However, keep in mind that fertilizer runoff is an environmental pollutant. Avoiding excess fertilization in the first place is the best approach. If soil testing has revealed a potassium deficiency, apply a potassium fertilizer and water well. Even if you have enough potassium in the soil, plants will not be able to take it up if the soil is consistently too dry. Severely affected twigs may be removed using a pair of sharp and sanitized pruning shears, as weakened branches are susceptible to secondary infections. If your plant has bacterial leaf scorch, there is no cure. Antibiotic injections applied by a professional can reduce symptoms for a season, however, the above cultural management methods are the best options to reduce symptoms and prolong life. An infected plant will likely die within ten years.
Learn More About the Leaf scorch more
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Black blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
What is Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
Black Spot is a fungal disease particularly affecting photinia serratifolia (Taiwanese photinia), causing black or purple spots on leaves, which eventually curl and fall off. The disease can spread rapidly and potentially kill the plant if not controlled promptly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Typically, spots appear on the leaves of the Taiwanese photinia, forming a blackish-purple hue. As the disease progresses, leaves may yellow, drastically curl, and drop prematurely. New shoots might also become infected and die back.
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
1
Fungi
The disease is caused chiefly by the fungus Diplocarpon rosae. It results from airborne spores or those lying in fallen leaves that infect new growth.
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Taiwanese photinia?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Remove and dispose of infected leaves to prevent the fungus from further spreading. Maintain the tree's cleanliness to help restrict fungal growth.

Resistant varieties: Consider planting disease-resistant varieties of Taiwanese photinia if Black Spot is prevalent in the area.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use fungicides containing mancozeb or chlorothalonil at the start of spring. Repeat applications may be needed throughout the growing season, particularly during wet periods.

Repeat applications: Repeated applications of fungicides may be required to fully control the disease, especially in humid climates.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Caterpillars
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Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention may require less effort than attempts to eradicate infestations that have already begun. Here are our top steps for prevention:
  1. Monitor plants. Check plants regularly for caterpillar eggs on leaves. If they do not belong to an endangered species, they should be squished.
  2. Use insect netting. Cover plants with insect netting to prevent butterflies and moths from laying eggs on plants.
  3. Apply diatomaceous earth. Apply DE to plants early in the season and reapply after rain.
  4. Encourage plant diversity. This will attract predatory insects including parasitic wasps.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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Leaf scorch
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Leaf scorch
Leaf blight causes leaves to dry out and turn brown starting at their tips.
Overview
Overview
Leaf scorch refers to two general conditions: physiological leaf scorch and bacterial leaf scorch. It causes leaves to discolor starting along the margins, and eventually die.
Leaf scorch development is most common in the hot, dry season, becoming most noticeable in late summer. However, it can occur at other times of the year. It most often affects young trees and shrubs, but it can also affect flowers, vegetables, and other plants.
Leaf scorch can get progressively worse over multiple seasons. If the root causes are not addressed, leaf scorch can lead to plant death.
While you cannot reverse the damage caused by physiological leaf scorch, you can prevent further damage. With proper management, plants will fully recover. However, there is no cure for bacterial leaf scorch, which is a systemic infection.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • Yellow, brown, or blackened leaves starting with the leaf margins
  • Dying twig tips on trees and shrubs as leaves die and fall
  • Often there is a bright yellow border line between the dead and living leaf tissue
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are numerous contributing causes of leaf scorch.
Bacterial leaf scorch is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa. The bacteria block the xylem vessels, preventing water movement. Symptoms may vary across species.
Physiological leaf scorch most commonly occurs when a plant cannot take up enough water. Numerous conditions can lead to this issue, particularly an unhealthy root system. Some causes of an unhealthy root system include overly-compacted soil, recent tillage, root compaction and severing due to pavement or other construction, drought, and overly-saturated soils.
Potassium deficiency can contribute to leaf scorch. Since plants need potassium to move water, they cannot properly move water when there is a lack of potassium.
Too much fertilizer can also cause leaf scorch symptoms. The accumulation of salts (including nutrient salts from fertilizers, as well as salt water) accumulate at the leaf margins and may build up to concentrations that burn the tissues.
Solutions
Solutions
The solution to leaf scorch will depend on the cause, however, in general all cultural care methods that improve plant health and root functionality will reduce symptoms.
  • Mulching the root zone (preferably with wood chip mulch) helps retain moisture, reduce evaporation, and promotes a healthy, functional root environment that is critical for water movement to the leaves.
  • Check the root collar for girdling or circling roots that strangle the trunk and limit water and nutrient movement.
  • Protect trees from severe root damage of nearby construction and excavation.
  • If fertilizer burn is to blame, irrigate the soil deeply to flush out excess fertilizer salts. However, keep in mind that fertilizer runoff is an environmental pollutant. Avoiding excess fertilization in the first place is the best approach.
  • If soil testing has revealed a potassium deficiency, apply a potassium fertilizer and water well. Even if you have enough potassium in the soil, plants will not be able to take it up if the soil is consistently too dry.
  • Severely affected twigs may be removed using a pair of sharp and sanitized pruning shears, as weakened branches are susceptible to secondary infections.
  • If your plant has bacterial leaf scorch, there is no cure. Antibiotic injections applied by a professional can reduce symptoms for a season, however, the above cultural management methods are the best options to reduce symptoms and prolong life. An infected plant will likely die within ten years.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Physiological leaf scorch is best avoided by making sure your plants have a healthy, functional root system and access to enough water. Water regularly, especially on the mornings of excessively hot, sunny days. Deep, infrequent irrigation is better than shallow, frequent irrigation.
  • Have your soil tested and apply the proper nutrients. Be sure to not over-apply fertilizers.
  • Make sure your plants’ roots have room to expand. Avoid compacted soil as well and avoid paving areas above the root zone. Do not till or disturb the soil where plant roots are growing.
  • Plant new trees and shrubs in the fall, so that they have the maximum amount of time to become established before the environmental stresses of the next summer.
  • Remove any dead or dying plant tissue that may harbor secondary infections.
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distribution

Distribution of Taiwanese photinia

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Habitat of Taiwanese photinia

Mixed forests, roadsides, slopes, fields, low mountain regions, sea shores
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Taiwanese photinia

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Taiwanese Photinia Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Black blotch
Black Spot is a fungal disease particularly affecting photinia serratifolia (Taiwanese photinia), causing black or purple spots on leaves, which eventually curl and fall off. The disease can spread rapidly and potentially kill the plant if not controlled promptly.
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Dark spots
Dark spots on Taiwanese photinia can lead to aesthetic detriment and potential health decline. This disease manifests as unsightly blemishes on leaves and can spread if untreated, but it is generally controllable with proper care.
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Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a severe plant disease affecting Taiwanese photinia, causing significant damage. It leads to discoloration and wilting of leaves, stunted growth, and can potentially kill the plant if not managed promptly.
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Iron deficiency
Iron deficiency is a non-infectious nutritional disorder that significantly affects growth in Taiwanese photinia. This health issue manifests as symptoms of chlorosis, reduced growth, and signs of stress, ultimately affecting the plant's overall health.
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Spots
Spots is a common fungal infection affecting Taiwanese photinia. It damages the overall appearance of the plant due to unsightly spots on leaves and branches. This disease can be managed effectively with proper care.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a disease that affects the Taiwanese photinia, leading to browning, shriveling, and eventual death of leaf tips. It reduces plant vigor, affects aesthetic appeal, and can eventually lead to plant death if left unchecked.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease affecting Taiwanese photinia, characterized by rapid wilting and browning of leaves. This condition can result in significant foliage loss and weakened plant health if not managed properly.
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Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive disease that inflicts Taiwanese photinia, causing yellowing of leaves, premature defoliation, and overall reduction in vitality. Its persistence can result in major yield reduction and plant death.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal infection that affects Taiwanese photinia, leading to aesthetic damage and potential health decline. It typically manifests as dark, soot-like spots on leaves and stems.
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Lack of fertilizer
Lack of fertilizer results in nutrient deficiency impacting the overall health of a Taiwanese photinia. This deficiency manifests as discoloration, stunted growth, and decreased blooming, leading to the overall decline of the plant's health.
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Wilting
Wilting is a fatal plant disease that severely undermines Taiwanese photinia's vitality causing leaves to droop, shrivel, or discolor. It primarily arises due to fungal infections or environmental stress, significantly hampering the plant's overall health and growth.
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Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease affecting Taiwanese photinia, characterized by spotting and discoloration of leaves, which can lead to defoliation and weakened plant health if left unchecked.
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Leaf malformation
Leaf malformation in Taiwanese photinia is a disease causing abnormal leaf growth and development. It affects photosynthesis and overall health significantly, resulting in decreased plant vigor and aesthetic value.
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Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a plant disease that affects the vitality and overall appearance of Taiwanese photinia. It primarily manifests as yellowing edges on the leaves, reflecting nutritional deficiencies or poor plant care, and if not treated, can cause severe damage or even plant death.
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Plant dried up
Plant dried up' disease typically results from moistened soil, overexposure to sunlight, and certain pathogenic infections. In Taiwanese photinia, the disease significantly affects the foliage, causing wilting and browning, ultimately leading to the death of the plant if left untreated.
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Scars
Scars, a physical condition, weakens the overall growth and health of Taiwanese photinia by damaging its foliage and branches. It reduces the life span and productivity of the plant. Early detection and control are crucial to ensure Taiwanese photinia's survival.
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Leaf drop
Leaf drop in Taiwanese photinia is a widespread plant disease characterized by premature shedding of leaves. It primarily affects the health and vigor of the plant, impairing its aesthetic and functional qualities.
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Branch withering
Branch withering disease detrimentally affects Taiwanese photinia, causing foliage loss, decreased vigor, and potential death of the plant if untreated. Management involves both cultural practices and chemical treatments.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a condition affecting Taiwanese photinia, causing the plant's leaves to yellow and wilt. This often reduces plant's vigor, inhibits growth, and leads to eventual death if not duly treated. In severe cases, the disease can spread widely and rapidly across plant populations.
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Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease that predominantly affects Taiwanese photinia, leading to branch dieback, foliage loss, and, in severe cases, plant death. It is marked by wilting and blackening of branches starting at the tips.
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Lighting
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
The taiwanese photinia craves abundant sunshine to thrive healthily. While it can withstand areas with less sunlight, it excels in environments that are generously illuminated. An excess or dearth of light might negatively affect the plant's growth. Its origins in sun-drenched habitats suggest consistent sunlight exposure.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Taiwanese photinia thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your taiwanese photinia may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Taiwanese photinia enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Taiwanese photinia thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The native growth environment of taiwanese photinia is temperate, so it prefers a temperature range between 50 to 95 ℉ (10 to 35 ℃). During the winter months, it can withstand temperatures as low as 23 ℉ (-5 ℃) but needs to be protected from frost. In hotter summer months, it benefits from some shade and regular watering to adjust to temperatures above 86 ℉ (30 ℃).
Regional wintering strategies
Taiwanese photinia has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by wrapping the trunk and branches with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Taiwanese photinia
Taiwanese photinia is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, the branches may become brittle and dry during springtime, and no new shoots will emerge.
Solutions
In spring, prune away any dead branches that have failed to produce new leaves.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Taiwanese photinia
During summer, Taiwanese photinia should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, the tips may become dry and withered, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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