Botanical name: Rosaceae
Botanical name: Rosaceae
Species of Rose
Firethorns are large evergreen shrubs. As the common name suggests, these plants are thorny and are also named for their bright red fruits. These fruits remain on the plant throughout the winter, making them an important food source for birds.
Dewdrops is a perennial plant (a forb) in the rose family, native to eastern and central Canada and to the northeastern and north-central United States. It has only one species. It has both sterile and fertile flowers. The stem is decumbent/creeping, "several inches" in length, with a densely tufted terminal portion. The leaves are basal, simple, pinnately veined above the base, long-petiolate, and slightly hairy/downy on both sides. They are dark green in color. Leaf blades cordate to rounded (orbicular). The plant is 5 to 13 cm in height. A few, nearly dry, small white drupes (drupelets), retained within the calyx are produced.
Osoberries are shrubs that flowers in early spring. The fruits of this plant turn dark blue when they are ripe, and are favored by several species of birds. Since the wood is very strong and fine-grained, it has been used to make bows, small wooden tools, and for carving.
Kerria are deciduous shrubs that grow into thickets when found in the wild in the mountains. Often cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens, its yellow flowers bloom in the spring, and it does best when grown in partial shade.
Mountain misery are evergreen shrubs native to western North America. Their attractive yellow and white flowers encourage ornamental use, and they can be grown as ground cover or as small bushes in warmer locations. The common name 'mountain misery' refers to the difficulty settlers found in hacking through these plants' dense growth.
Despite the common name "Mountain mahogany," these not actually true mahogany trees. Rather, they form a small genus of slow-growing shrubs and small trees in the rose family. Native to the western United States and northern Mexico, cercocarpus generally reach heights of 2.5 to 5 m tall, although a few can grow much higher. The scientific name, Cercocarpus, means 'tailed fruit' in Greek.
Gardeners can plant drymocallis around trees to create a wild, woody ground cover. The plants have bright or pale green leaves that may be spiked or lobed, and they grow from kidney-shaped seeds. The flowers are small yellow or white blooms.
Apache plume contains a single species. This plant is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Apache plume is an erect shrub not exceeding 2 m in height. It has light gray or whitish peeling bark on its many thin branches. The leaves are deeply lobed with the edges rolled under. The flower of the shrub is roselike when new, with rounded white petals and a center filled with many thready stamens and pistils. Each style is attached to a developing fruit, which is a small achene.
False serviceberries consist of just a few species of flowering plants, all of which are native to North and Central America. These are uncommon plants that are nevertheless sometimes grown ornamentally for their white flowers. They also produce attractive and abundant pink and purple berries which attract birds.
Pseudocydonia (Pseudocydonia) are popular in Europe and Asia and known for their bright golden-yellow fruits that are too bitter to be eaten right off the tree. They are usually used in processed foods such as jellies. They have unique patchwork-like bark that makes them a great addition to any garden. These trees prefer full sun and well-drained soil.
Eriobotrya are mostly flowering large shrubs and small trees. The most famous member of the genus, Loquat (E. japonica), is grown for its edible fruit, and other species of eriobotrya have leaves that are important food sources for caterpillars. They are also cultivated as ornamental trees in warmer areas.
Hawthorns produce flowers and fruit, and are important to healthy ecosystems. The edible fruits provide an important food source for mammals and birds, and the branches also offer a safe haven for many animals. The fragrant flowers beckon pollinators, which in turn attract a host of other insect-loving creatures.
Adenostoma is a genus of shrubs containing only two species. Both species are native to coastal California and Baja California. Both species in this genus feature stiff, linear leaves arranged alternately or in clusters along stems with shredding bark. Flowers form on a panicle, are cream to white and, as in all members of the rose family, have hypanthia.
Aruncus form a genus consisting of clumping perennial plants. They are most often cultivated as ornamental plants, or to produce beautiful cut or dried flowers. Their fuzzy, cream or white-colored blooms appear in the summer. Aruncus do well in moist areas of gardens or near streams or ponds.
Cliffortia is a genus of plants that has been assigned to the rose family, with currently 132 known species. Its species can be found in southern Africa, particularly in the Cape Floristic Region. Cliffortia species are mostly upright shrubs, but some species develop into small trees of up to 5 m high. The stipules have merged with the base of the leaf and form a sheath around the branch. Leaflets may be thin or leathery, broad to needle-shaped, with the margin serrated or entire, and may have a spiny tip. Cliffortia has separate male and female flowers in the leaf axils, which are mostly set individually but sometimes in clusters. One or two achenes may develop in each flower, within the inflating calyx.
The dichotomanthes genus contains the sole species Dichotomanthes tristaniaecarpa, which is a small tree/shrub native to Eastern Asia. This species favors mixed evergreen forest habitats at medium altitudes. It produces late-spring white flowers as well as red fruit cylinders from late summer through fall.
Pearl bushes are deciduous shrubs native to central Asia. These attractive plants have a reputation for being easy to grow and having copious amounts of spring flowers, making them popular garden ornamentals. Their numerous petite white flowers bloom during the spring and summer.
Strawberries (Fragaria) are mostly cultivated for their edible fruits, which range in flavor from sweet to tart. These are important commercial crops grown around the world in temperate climates. The larvae of several types of butterflies and moths also feed on the leaves of these plants. Despite the common name, the fruits are not botanically considered true berries.
Prinsepia bears fruit which looks like a cherry. The various species grow largely in Nepal, India, China, and Bangladesh.
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Stranvaesia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae.
Sibbaldia is a genus of flowering plants of the family Rosaceae, with a circumpolar distribution, including the high Arctic. Most of the species are found in the Himalaya.
The name chokeberries gets applied both to this genus' fruit and the bush itself. The plants are often grown for their beauty as well as their fruit - small blackish-blue berries that can be eaten fresh from the tree. Often used in tea, chili, sauces, and juices, the sour-tasting chokeberries have a better flavor when cooked.
Coleogyne is a monotypic genus. Coleogyne is a low lying, dark grayish-green, aromatic, spiny, perennial, soft wooded shrub. It may spread across the ground in clumps or grow erect to approach 1.8 m in height. Flowers have 4 yellowish sepals, many yellow stamens, and may have 4 or no petals. The leaves are inversely lanceolate, up to 1 cm long, have a small point at the tip, and are arranged in opposite pairs along the stem. The leathery flowers grow at the ends of small stems. They are encased in thick, fuzzy sepals which are yellow inside and reddish or orange on the outer surface. There are no petals, but the sepals remain after the flower opens, surrounding the patch of whiskery stamens and the central pistil. The fruit is an achene a few millimeters long. Coleogyne native to the deserts of the southwestern United States.
Cotoneaster are commonly cultivated as ornamental shrubs in gardens, especially due to their attractive flowers and fruits. The flowers also provide nectar for bees, and the berries attract songbirds. The name Cotoneaster comes from the Latin word for the quince plant, "cotoneum," and the suffix meaning "resembling."
Osteomeles is a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. They are shrubs native to eastern Asia, with compound leaves, opposite leaf arrangement, and small pome fruit.
Cinquefoils are flowering plants that tend to grow in the wild in cooler regions. Most of these plants are creeping shrubs. They are sometimes cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens, particularly those that have showy flowers. Other more specialized varieties are used in swamps or rock gardens.
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Pyrus pyraster is a deciduous plant reaching 3–4 metres in height as medium-sized shrub and 15–20 metres as a tree. Unlike the cultivated form the branches have thorns. The leaves are ovate with serrated margins. The flowers have white petals. The stamens are equal to the length of styles. The flowering period in spring.
Spirea are hardy shrubs that usually have clusters of small flowers. They bloom in spring or mid-summer, depending on the variety, and many species are cultivated as ornamental plants in temperate regions. The foliage provides a food source for many animals, including moths, blue grouse, and deer.
Aphanes is slender, annual prostrate herbs, much-branched with deeply lobed leaves, pilose and on short petioles. The tiny green to yellow flowers without petals grow in clusters in the denticulate leaflike stipules. This genus includes about 20 species. Aphanes is native to Europe, Asia and Australia.
Comarum are a small genus of plants that produce attractive red flowers. In the past, their flowers have been used to make a red dye for coloring clothes. The flowers are attractive to pollinators, including bees and hoverflies. They are water plants that thrive in marshes and bogs.
The sorbus are shrubs and small trees that are valued for their attractive foliage and bright-colored fruits. They do not do well in dry climates, as they need quite a bit of moisture throughout the growing season. Some species are cultivated commercially as ornamental plants.
The avens (Geum) are perennial flowering plants. They are usually evergreen, and the flowers (white, yellow, orange, or red) generally bloom from spring to early summer. Some hybrids have been created that bloom on and off throughout the growing season, making them a popular ornamental plant.
Bowman's roots are a small genus containing just a couple of species of perennial herbs native to eastern North America. Their star-shaped white flowers and reddish stems make them a popular and award-winning garden asset. They thrive when planted in sheltered locations in partial shade.
Oceansprays are a group of deciduous shrubs native to the Americas. Many plants of this genus are grown for their ornamental beauty, which comes from their sprays of creamy white flowers. They are also ecologically important, providing food for pollinators and a home to the larvae of several rare butterflies.
Luetkea make up a tiny genus that contains just one species (Luetkea pectinata). These plants are small, mat-forming semi-shrubs that grow in the subalpine and alpine habitats of North America. The Latin name—Luetkea—was given in honor of a Russian captain and explorer Count Luetke.
Ninebarks are shrubs that are primarily grown as ornamental plants in gardens or landscaping. They are popular due to their peeling bark, bright-colored leaves, and white flowers. These plants are drought-tolerant and cold-tolerant and function well to form hedging or borders.
Mountain avens are evergreen, shrub-like plants that have a dwarf growth habit. Their flowers usually have eight petals. These plants are very popular in xeriscaping and rock gardens—some varieties have even won prestigious gardening awards. The genus name Dryas comes from the dryads—tree nymphs in Greek mythology.
Lady's mantles is a huge genus of flowering perennials, with hundreds of members. Many are grown as ornamentals, while two species can also be made into a popular herbal tea, which has a flavor similar to green tea. Another species is used locally to produce a green fabric dye. All species must be grown with care, as they can become invasive.
Shadbushes are deciduous trees or shrubs that produce small blackish-purple berries. The sweet, edible fruit attracts a variety of wildlife, while the flowers provide nectar and pollen for birds, bees, and butterflies. Shadbushes are also called shadbush, so named for the fact that spring blossoms coincide with the perfect time to catch shad fish.
Flowering quinces are spiny shrubs with clusters of flowers that can be bright orange, white, or pink. These plants bloom in late winter or early spring. They are popular ornamental shrubs due to their attractive appearance, as well as the spines that make them a good as barrier plants.
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Burnet are petite shrubs that produce dense clusters of small flowers. They are native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Butterflies and moths are strongly attracted to them. Many burnet are cultivated for ornamental horticulture thanks to their rich, rosy-colored blooms with interesting shapes.
The genus spenceria is a monotypic genus. Spenceria grows from 18 to 32 cm tall and puts out yellow flowers in summer; bearing fruit (yellowish-brown achenes) in fall. Spenceria is native to Bhutan and China.
Neillia are deciduous shrubs or subshrubs. They produce clusters of terminal or axillary flowers, and have dry dehiscent fruits. This genus contains around fifteen to seventeen species. They are found exclusively in eastern and central Asia.
Photinia produce small, apple-like fruits which are eaten by birds, although some varieties are toxic. They are mostly cultivated either as an ornamental tree or large shrub. The name Photinia comes from the Greek word for "shiny," due to the glossy appearance of the leaves of this genus.
Rock spiraeas are a small genus of woody-based perennial shrubs that are densely matted, with some species resembling stone. Some species of rock spiraeas are almost exclusively found in barren, rocky regions where they produce spike-like white flower clusters. Many plants of this genus are cultivated for butterfly gardens.
Leucosidea has only one species. The leucosidea is often a straggly shrub or a dense small evergreen tree which grows up to 7 m tall to 5 m wide. It is single or multi-stemmed and branches low down. The bark is rough reddish brown in colour and flakes off to reveal a smooth light brown under-bark. The leaves are alternately arranged compound and covered with silky silver hairs. The flowers are greenish-yellow in colour star-shaped and grow in spikes at the ends of young shoots in spring. The fruits are nut-like. Leucosidea can be found above an elevation of 1006 m in the highlands of South Africa as well as in Lesotho and rarely in Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
The genus has only one species and is common to the southeast Mediterranean region and Middle East. It is a perennial bush with small flowers in inflorescence. Sarcopoterium flowers in winter to spring and its fruits mature in autumn then fall to earth to germinate with the rain water. Sarcopoterium has spines.
Sorbaria are a small genus containing a few species of flowering plants with abundant flowers that have led to their receiving horticultural awards. These plants are grown ornamentally in both natural and hybridized forms and their visual appeal is increased by their bright red leaf shades in fall.
Burnets are a genus of flowering perennials and shrubs related to rosebushes. Several species are grown in gardens as ornamentals, and a few were originally introduced to North America to aid in erosion control in vulnerable areas.
Cliff-rose are a genus of flowering plants which grow well in desert areas due to drought resistance. Varieties have proved useful in rangeland restoration and its wood can also be used for firewood and a purple dye can be made from its seed. Its Latin name Purshia was named after a German-American botanist by the name of F.T. Pursh who initially recorded the plant.
Pygeum is a genus consisting of tropical trees or shrubs limited to tropical Africa, South & South-east Asia, Northeastern Australia, New Guinea and some Pacific Islands.
Rhodotypos are a shrub genus with one member, Rhodotypos scandens. The genus name Rhodotypos derives from the Greek words “rhodon” and “typos,” meaning “rose-type.” These plants are considered invasive, for when they grow, they spread out like a mat, overtaking any native plant life in their way.
Agrimony plants are frequently used in herb and butterfly gardens. The species are recognizable by their bright-colored flower spikes. Agrimony are a primary food source for some types of butterfly larva, including the large grizzled skipper. Plants in this genus grow from seed.
Fern bushes are large shrubs that produce multiple stems, on which are leaves that look like ferns. The tops of the stems produce pyramidal clusters of white blooms in the summer. They are grown in gardens for their unique flower clusters and ease of care.
Mespilus is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae. Mespilus forms deciduous large shrubs to small trees growing up to 8 m tall. The fruit is a matte brown pome. Mespilus is found in some countries in Balkan, especially in Albanian regions. Mespilus contains the single species Mespilus germanica of southwest Asia and southeastern Europe.
The roots of some species of the genus silverweeds are edible and eagerly foraged in the spring or autumn. Silverweeds have tooth-edged leaves with a silvery sheen, which presumably gives rise to their common name. Historically, these perennials have supposedly been used by Roman soldiers to absorb sweat in footwear.
Filipendula are found in temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere and are a part of forest plant communities of this bioregion. Filipendula are considered ecologically significant because they are vital food plants for certain butterfly and moth caterpillars, such as those of emperor moth, grizzled skipper, and others.
Mousetailss are perennial herbs native to western North America, especially the western United States.
Docynia is a genus of flowering trees, evergreen or semi-evergreen, in the family Rosaceae. The fruit is a pome.
Shrubby cinquefoils are popular ornamental plants used in gardens due to their attractive flowers that have a long blooming season. They are commonly planted as decorative dwarf shrubs, and they are also good for erosion control. These plants are also relatively drought-tolerant.
Toyon are perennial shrubs which are important to the coastal sage scrub plant community in North America. They flower during the summer, and are also cultivated as ornamental plants for gardens. The fruits are consumed by many animals, including coyotes, bears, and birds.
Quince are fruiting, deciduous plants which grows as a large shrub or small tree. These plants are multi-stemmed with crooked branches and produce showy flowers in the spring. The fruits are yellow with a pear-like shape. The plant's attractive shape and profusion of flowers makes it a popular ornamental tree.
Horkeliass are flowering plants closely related to the cinquefoils (Potentilla). There are nineteen species found in western North America, especially California.
The range of trees that produce malus are grown throughout the world for their fruit - there are 7,000 varieties worldwide! They have a long history as well; charred apple trunks have been found in prehistoric sites in Europe, and in colonial North America there are references to malus being nicknamed "winter bananas" and "melt-in-the mouth." They can be found in varying shades of red, green, and yellow, and of different sizes.
The hawthorn are shrubs and small trees that are often cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens, landscape hedges, or to make bonsai plants. While some hawthorn produce fruits that are edible when they are cooked, the fruits of others are only ornamental.