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Rose
Rose
Rose (Rosaceae)
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
species

Exploring the Rose Plants

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8 most common species:
Stranvaesia
Stranvaesia
Stranvaesia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae.
Cliffortia
Cliffortia
Cliffortia is a genus of plants that has been assigned to the rose family, with currently 132 known species. Its species can be found in southern Africa, particularly in the Cape Floristic Region. Cliffortia species are mostly upright shrubs, but some species develop into small trees of up to 5 m high. The stipules have merged with the base of the leaf and form a sheath around the branch. Leaflets may be thin or leathery, broad to needle-shaped, with the margin serrated or entire, and may have a spiny tip. Cliffortia has separate male and female flowers in the leaf axils, which are mostly set individually but sometimes in clusters. One or two achenes may develop in each flower, within the inflating calyx.
Dichotomanthes
Dichotomanthes
The dichotomanthes genus contains the sole species Dichotomanthes tristaniaecarpa, which is a small tree/shrub native to Eastern Asia. This species favors mixed evergreen forest habitats at medium altitudes. It produces late-spring white flowers as well as red fruit cylinders from late summer through fall.
Drymocallis
drymocallis
Gardeners can plant drymocallis around trees to create a wild, woody ground cover. The plants have bright or pale green leaves that may be spiked or lobed, and they grow from kidney-shaped seeds. The flowers are small yellow or white blooms.
Potaninia
Potaninia
Potaninia is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, potaninia showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Aruncus
Aruncus
Aruncus form a genus consisting of clumping perennial plants. They are most often cultivated as ornamental plants, or to produce beautiful cut or dried flowers. Their fuzzy, cream or white-colored blooms appear in the summer. Aruncus do well in moist areas of gardens or near streams or ponds.
Pseudocydonia
Pseudocydonia
Pseudocydonia (Pseudocydonia) are popular in Europe and Asia and known for their bright golden-yellow fruits that are too bitter to be eaten right off the tree. They are usually used in processed foods such as jellies. They have unique patchwork-like bark that makes them a great addition to any garden. These trees prefer full sun and well-drained soil.

All Species of Rose

Stranvaesia
Stranvaesia
Stranvaesia
Stranvaesia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae.
Cliffortia
Cliffortia
Cliffortia
Cliffortia is a genus of plants that has been assigned to the rose family, with currently 132 known species. Its species can be found in southern Africa, particularly in the Cape Floristic Region. Cliffortia species are mostly upright shrubs, but some species develop into small trees of up to 5 m high. The stipules have merged with the base of the leaf and form a sheath around the branch. Leaflets may be thin or leathery, broad to needle-shaped, with the margin serrated or entire, and may have a spiny tip. Cliffortia has separate male and female flowers in the leaf axils, which are mostly set individually but sometimes in clusters. One or two achenes may develop in each flower, within the inflating calyx.
Dichotomanthes
Dichotomanthes
Dichotomanthes
The dichotomanthes genus contains the sole species Dichotomanthes tristaniaecarpa, which is a small tree/shrub native to Eastern Asia. This species favors mixed evergreen forest habitats at medium altitudes. It produces late-spring white flowers as well as red fruit cylinders from late summer through fall.
drymocallis
Drymocallis
drymocallis
Gardeners can plant drymocallis around trees to create a wild, woody ground cover. The plants have bright or pale green leaves that may be spiked or lobed, and they grow from kidney-shaped seeds. The flowers are small yellow or white blooms.
Potaninia
Potaninia
Potaninia
Potaninia is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, potaninia showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Aruncus
Aruncus
Aruncus
Aruncus form a genus consisting of clumping perennial plants. They are most often cultivated as ornamental plants, or to produce beautiful cut or dried flowers. Their fuzzy, cream or white-colored blooms appear in the summer. Aruncus do well in moist areas of gardens or near streams or ponds.
Pseudocydonia
Pseudocydonia
Pseudocydonia
Pseudocydonia (Pseudocydonia) are popular in Europe and Asia and known for their bright golden-yellow fruits that are too bitter to be eaten right off the tree. They are usually used in processed foods such as jellies. They have unique patchwork-like bark that makes them a great addition to any garden. These trees prefer full sun and well-drained soil.
Dewdrops
Dalibarda
Dewdrops
Dewdrops is a perennial plant (a forb) in the rose family, native to eastern and central Canada and to the northeastern and north-central United States. It has only one species. It has both sterile and fertile flowers. The stem is decumbent/creeping, "several inches" in length, with a densely tufted terminal portion. The leaves are basal, simple, pinnately veined above the base, long-petiolate, and slightly hairy/downy on both sides. They are dark green in color. Leaf blades cordate to rounded (orbicular). The plant is 5 to 13 cm in height. A few, nearly dry, small white drupes (drupelets), retained within the calyx are produced.
Cercocarpus
Cercocarpus
Cercocarpus
Despite the common name "Mountain mahogany," these not actually true mahogany trees. Rather, they form a small genus of slow-growing shrubs and small trees in the rose family. Native to the western United States and northern Mexico, cercocarpus generally reach heights of 2.5 to 5 m tall, although a few can grow much higher. The scientific name, Cercocarpus, means 'tailed fruit' in Greek.
Little rose
Chamaerhodos
Little rose
Little rose is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, little rose showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Coleogyne
Coleogyne
Coleogyne
Coleogyne is a monotypic genus. Coleogyne is a low lying, dark grayish-green, aromatic, spiny, perennial, soft wooded shrub. It may spread across the ground in clumps or grow erect to approach 1.8 m in height. Flowers have 4 yellowish sepals, many yellow stamens, and may have 4 or no petals. The leaves are inversely lanceolate, up to 1 cm long, have a small point at the tip, and are arranged in opposite pairs along the stem. The leathery flowers grow at the ends of small stems. They are encased in thick, fuzzy sepals which are yellow inside and reddish or orange on the outer surface. There are no petals, but the sepals remain after the flower opens, surrounding the patch of whiskery stamens and the central pistil. The fruit is an achene a few millimeters long. Coleogyne native to the deserts of the southwestern United States.
Apache plume
Fallugia
Apache plume
Apache plume contains a single species. This plant is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Apache plume is an erect shrub not exceeding 2 m in height. It has light gray or whitish peeling bark on its many thin branches. The leaves are deeply lobed with the edges rolled under. The flower of the shrub is roselike when new, with rounded white petals and a center filled with many thready stamens and pistils. Each style is attached to a developing fruit, which is a small achene.
Osteomeles
Osteomeles
Osteomeles
Osteomeles is a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. They are shrubs native to eastern Asia, with compound leaves, opposite leaf arrangement, and small pome fruit.
Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster are commonly cultivated as ornamental shrubs in gardens, especially due to their attractive flowers and fruits. The flowers also provide nectar for bees, and the berries attract songbirds. The name Cotoneaster comes from the Latin word for the quince plant, "cotoneum," and the suffix meaning "resembling."
Eriobotrya
Eriobotrya
Eriobotrya
Eriobotrya are mostly flowering large shrubs and small trees. The most famous member of the genus, Loquat (E. japonica), is grown for its edible fruit, and other species of eriobotrya have leaves that are important food sources for caterpillars. They are also cultivated as ornamental trees in warmer areas.
Kerria
Kerria
Kerria
Kerria are deciduous shrubs that grow into thickets when found in the wild in the mountains. Often cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens, its yellow flowers bloom in the spring, and it does best when grown in partial shade.
Catalina ironwood
Lyonothamnus
Catalina ironwood
Catalina ironwood is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, catalina ironwood showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Mountain misery
Chamaebatia
Mountain misery
Mountain misery are evergreen shrubs native to western North America. Their attractive yellow and white flowers encourage ornamental use, and they can be grown as ground cover or as small bushes in warmer locations. The common name 'mountain misery' refers to the difficulty settlers found in hacking through these plants' dense growth.
Firethorns
Pyracantha
Firethorns
Firethorns are large evergreen shrubs. As the common name suggests, these plants are thorny and are also named for their bright red fruits. These fruits remain on the plant throughout the winter, making them an important food source for birds.
Hawthorns
Crataegus
Hawthorns
Hawthorns produce flowers and fruit, and are important to healthy ecosystems. The edible fruits provide an important food source for mammals and birds, and the branches also offer a safe haven for many animals. The fragrant flowers beckon pollinators, which in turn attract a host of other insect-loving creatures.
Chokeberries
Aronia
Chokeberries
The name chokeberries gets applied both to this genus' fruit and the bush itself. The plants are often grown for their beauty as well as their fruit - small blackish-blue berries that can be eaten fresh from the tree. Often used in tea, chili, sauces, and juices, the sour-tasting chokeberries have a better flavor when cooked.
Strawberries
Fragaria
Strawberries
Strawberries (Fragaria) are mostly cultivated for their edible fruits, which range in flavor from sweet to tart. These are important commercial crops grown around the world in temperate climates. The larvae of several types of butterflies and moths also feed on the leaves of these plants. Despite the common name, the fruits are not botanically considered true berries.
False serviceberries
Malacomeles
False serviceberries
False serviceberries consist of just a few species of flowering plants, all of which are native to North and Central America. These are uncommon plants that are nevertheless sometimes grown ornamentally for their white flowers. They also produce attractive and abundant pink and purple berries which attract birds.
Adenostoma
Adenostoma
Adenostoma
Adenostoma is a genus of shrubs containing only two species. Both species are native to coastal California and Baja California. Both species in this genus feature stiff, linear leaves arranged alternately or in clusters along stems with shredding bark. Flowers form on a panicle, are cream to white and, as in all members of the rose family, have hypanthia.
Spirea
Spiraea
Spirea
Spirea are hardy shrubs that usually have clusters of small flowers. They bloom in spring or mid-summer, depending on the variety, and many species are cultivated as ornamental plants in temperate regions. The foliage provides a food source for many animals, including moths, blue grouse, and deer.
Sibbaldia
Sibbaldia
Sibbaldia
Sibbaldia is a genus of flowering plants of the family Rosaceae, with a circumpolar distribution, including the high Arctic. Most of the species are found in the Himalaya.
Osoberries
Oemleria
Osoberries
Osoberries are shrubs that flowers in early spring. The fruits of this plant turn dark blue when they are ripe, and are favored by several species of birds. Since the wood is very strong and fine-grained, it has been used to make bows, small wooden tools, and for carving.
Rosewood
Vauquelinia
Rosewood
Rosewood is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, rosewood showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Pears
Pyrus
Pears
Pyrus pyraster is a deciduous plant reaching 3–4 metres in height as medium-sized shrub and 15–20 metres as a tree. Unlike the cultivated form the branches have thorns. The leaves are ovate with serrated margins. The flowers have white petals. The stamens are equal to the length of styles. The flowering period in spring.
Prinsepia
Prinsepia
Prinsepia
Prinsepia bears fruit which looks like a cherry. The various species grow largely in Nepal, India, China, and Bangladesh.
Pearl bushes
Exochorda
Pearl bushes
Pearl bushes are deciduous shrubs native to central Asia. These attractive plants have a reputation for being easy to grow and having copious amounts of spring flowers, making them popular garden ornamentals. Their numerous petite white flowers bloom during the spring and summer.
Acaena
Acaena
Acaena
Acaena is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, acaena showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Brambles
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Cinquefoils
Potentilla
Cinquefoils
Cinquefoils are flowering plants that tend to grow in the wild in cooler regions. Most of these plants are creeping shrubs. They are sometimes cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens, particularly those that have showy flowers. Other more specialized varieties are used in swamps or rock gardens.
Neillia
Neillia
Neillia
Neillia are deciduous shrubs or subshrubs. They produce clusters of terminal or axillary flowers, and have dry dehiscent fruits. This genus contains around fifteen to seventeen species. They are found exclusively in eastern and central Asia.
Leucosidea
Leucosidea
Leucosidea
Leucosidea has only one species. The leucosidea is often a straggly shrub or a dense small evergreen tree which grows up to 7 m tall to 5 m wide. It is single or multi-stemmed and branches low down. The bark is rough reddish brown in colour and flakes off to reveal a smooth light brown under-bark. The leaves are alternately arranged compound and covered with silky silver hairs. The flowers are greenish-yellow in colour star-shaped and grow in spikes at the ends of young shoots in spring. The fruits are nut-like. Leucosidea can be found above an elevation of 1006 m in the highlands of South Africa as well as in Lesotho and rarely in Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
Lachemilla
Lachemilla
Lachemilla
Lachemilla is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, lachemilla showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Poteridium
Poteridium
Poteridium
Poteridium is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, poteridium showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Sarcopoterium
Sarcopoterium
Sarcopoterium
The genus has only one species and is common to the southeast Mediterranean region and Middle East. It is a perennial bush with small flowers in inflorescence. Sarcopoterium flowers in winter to spring and its fruits mature in autumn then fall to earth to germinate with the rain water. Sarcopoterium has spines.
Aremonia
Aremonia
Aremonia
Aremonia is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, aremonia showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Spenceria
Spenceria
Spenceria
The genus spenceria is a monotypic genus. Spenceria grows from 18 to 32 cm tall and puts out yellow flowers in summer; bearing fruit (yellowish-brown achenes) in fall. Spenceria is native to Bhutan and China.
Sibbaldianthe
Sibbaldianthe
Sibbaldianthe
Sibbaldianthe is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, sibbaldianthe showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Pygeum
Pygeum
Pygeum
Pygeum is a genus consisting of tropical trees or shrubs limited to tropical Africa, South & South-east Asia, Northeastern Australia, New Guinea and some Pacific Islands.
Hawthorn
Rhaphiolepis
Hawthorn
The hawthorn are shrubs and small trees that are often cultivated as ornamental plants in gardens, landscape hedges, or to make bonsai plants. While some hawthorn produce fruits that are edible when they are cooked, the fruits of others are only ornamental.
Sibiraea
Sibiraea
Sibiraea
Sibiraea is a diverse group of plants encompassing both ornamental and edible species. This family includes beloved favorites like roses, apples, and strawberries. With their captivating blooms and delicious fruits, Rosales plants have significant garden usage and economic value. They also attract beneficial insects and birds, contributing to the ecological balance. From delicate wildflowers to towering fruit trees, sibiraea showcases a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them an enchanting addition to any landscape.
Agrimony
Agrimonia
Agrimony
Agrimony plants are frequently used in herb and butterfly gardens. The species are recognizable by their bright-colored flower spikes. Agrimony are a primary food source for some types of butterfly larva, including the large grizzled skipper. Plants in this genus grow from seed.
Shrubby cinquefoils
Dasiphora
Shrubby cinquefoils
Shrubby cinquefoils are popular ornamental plants used in gardens due to their attractive flowers that have a long blooming season. They are commonly planted as decorative dwarf shrubs, and they are also good for erosion control. These plants are also relatively drought-tolerant.
Luetkea
Luetkea
Luetkea
Luetkea make up a tiny genus that contains just one species (Luetkea pectinata). These plants are small, mat-forming semi-shrubs that grow in the subalpine and alpine habitats of North America. The Latin name—Luetkea—was given in honor of a Russian captain and explorer Count Luetke.
Rhodotypos
Rhodotypos
Rhodotypos
Rhodotypos are a shrub genus with one member, Rhodotypos scandens. The genus name Rhodotypos derives from the Greek words “rhodon” and “typos,” meaning “rose-type.” These plants are considered invasive, for when they grow, they spread out like a mat, overtaking any native plant life in their way.
burnet
Sanguisorba
burnet
Burnet are petite shrubs that produce dense clusters of small flowers. They are native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Butterflies and moths are strongly attracted to them. Many burnet are cultivated for ornamental horticulture thanks to their rich, rosy-colored blooms with interesting shapes.
Ninebarks
Physocarpus
Ninebarks
Ninebarks are shrubs that are primarily grown as ornamental plants in gardens or landscaping. They are popular due to their peeling bark, bright-colored leaves, and white flowers. These plants are drought-tolerant and cold-tolerant and function well to form hedging or borders.
Mountain avens
Dryas
Mountain avens
Mountain avens are evergreen, shrub-like plants that have a dwarf growth habit. Their flowers usually have eight petals. These plants are very popular in xeriscaping and rock gardens—some varieties have even won prestigious gardening awards. The genus name Dryas comes from the dryads—tree nymphs in Greek mythology.
Mousetails
Ivesia
Mousetails
Mousetailss are perennial herbs native to western North America, especially the western United States.
Marsh cinquefoils
Comarum
Marsh cinquefoils
Comarum are a small genus of plants that produce attractive red flowers. In the past, their flowers have been used to make a red dye for coloring clothes. The flowers are attractive to pollinators, including bees and hoverflies. They are water plants that thrive in marshes and bogs.
Silverweeds
Argentina
Silverweeds
The roots of some species of the genus silverweeds are edible and eagerly foraged in the spring or autumn. Silverweeds have tooth-edged leaves with a silvery sheen, which presumably gives rise to their common name. Historically, these perennials have supposedly been used by Roman soldiers to absorb sweat in footwear.
Sorbus
Sorbus
Sorbus
The sorbus are shrubs and small trees that are valued for their attractive foliage and bright-colored fruits. They do not do well in dry climates, as they need quite a bit of moisture throughout the growing season. Some species are cultivated commercially as ornamental plants.
Flowering quinces
Chaenomeles
Flowering quinces
Flowering quinces are spiny shrubs with clusters of flowers that can be bright orange, white, or pink. These plants bloom in late winter or early spring. They are popular ornamental shrubs due to their attractive appearance, as well as the spines that make them a good as barrier plants.
Toyon
Heteromeles
Toyon
Toyon are perennial shrubs which are important to the coastal sage scrub plant community in North America. They flower during the summer, and are also cultivated as ornamental plants for gardens. The fruits are consumed by many animals, including coyotes, bears, and birds.
Mespilus
Mespilus
Mespilus
Mespilus is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae. Mespilus forms deciduous large shrubs to small trees growing up to 8 m tall. The fruit is a matte brown pome. Mespilus is found in some countries in Balkan, especially in Albanian regions. Mespilus contains the single species Mespilus germanica of southwest Asia and southeastern Europe.
Lady's mantles
Alchemilla
Lady's mantles
Lady's mantles is a huge genus of flowering perennials, with hundreds of members. Many are grown as ornamentals, while two species can also be made into a popular herbal tea, which has a flavor similar to green tea. Another species is used locally to produce a green fabric dye. All species must be grown with care, as they can become invasive.
Rock spiraeas
Petrophytum
Rock spiraeas
Rock spiraeas are a small genus of woody-based perennial shrubs that are densely matted, with some species resembling stone. Some species of rock spiraeas are almost exclusively found in barren, rocky regions where they produce spike-like white flower clusters. Many plants of this genus are cultivated for butterfly gardens.
Sorbaria
Sorbaria
Sorbaria
Sorbaria are a small genus containing a few species of flowering plants with abundant flowers that have led to their receiving horticultural awards. These plants are grown ornamentally in both natural and hybridized forms and their visual appeal is increased by their bright red leaf shades in fall.
Aphanes
Aphanes
Aphanes
Aphanes is slender, annual prostrate herbs, much-branched with deeply lobed leaves, pilose and on short petioles. The tiny green to yellow flowers without petals grow in clusters in the denticulate leaflike stipules. This genus includes about 20 species. Aphanes is native to Europe, Asia and Australia.
Horkelias
Horkelia
Horkelias
Horkeliass are flowering plants closely related to the cinquefoils (Potentilla). There are nineteen species found in western North America, especially California.
Cliff-rose
Purshia
Cliff-rose
Cliff-rose are a genus of flowering plants which grow well in desert areas due to drought resistance. Varieties have proved useful in rangeland restoration and its wood can also be used for firewood and a purple dye can be made from its seed. Its Latin name Purshia was named after a German-American botanist by the name of F.T. Pursh who initially recorded the plant.
Filipendula
Filipendula
Filipendula
Filipendula are found in temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere and are a part of forest plant communities of this bioregion. Filipendula are considered ecologically significant because they are vital food plants for certain butterfly and moth caterpillars, such as those of emperor moth, grizzled skipper, and others.
Bowman's roots
Gillenia
Bowman's roots
Bowman's roots are a small genus containing just a couple of species of perennial herbs native to eastern North America. Their star-shaped white flowers and reddish stems make them a popular and award-winning garden asset. They thrive when planted in sheltered locations in partial shade.
Quince
Cydonia
Quince
Quince are fruiting, deciduous plants which grows as a large shrub or small tree. These plants are multi-stemmed with crooked branches and produce showy flowers in the spring. The fruits are yellow with a pear-like shape. The plant's attractive shape and profusion of flowers makes it a popular ornamental tree.
Oceansprays
Holodiscus
Oceansprays
Oceansprays are a group of deciduous shrubs native to the Americas. Many plants of this genus are grown for their ornamental beauty, which comes from their sprays of creamy white flowers. They are also ecologically important, providing food for pollinators and a home to the larvae of several rare butterflies.
Fern bushes
Chamaebatiaria
Fern bushes
Fern bushes are large shrubs that produce multiple stems, on which are leaves that look like ferns. The tops of the stems produce pyramidal clusters of white blooms in the summer. They are grown in gardens for their unique flower clusters and ease of care.
Docynia
Docynia
Docynia
Docynia is a genus of flowering trees, evergreen or semi-evergreen, in the family Rosaceae. The fruit is a pome.
Burnets
Poterium
Burnets
Burnets are a genus of flowering perennials and shrubs related to rosebushes. Several species are grown in gardens as ornamentals, and a few were originally introduced to North America to aid in erosion control in vulnerable areas.
Photinia
Photinia
Photinia
Photinia produce small, apple-like fruits which are eaten by birds, although some varieties are toxic. They are mostly cultivated either as an ornamental tree or large shrub. The name Photinia comes from the Greek word for "shiny," due to the glossy appearance of the leaves of this genus.
Avens
Geum
Avens
The avens (Geum) are perennial flowering plants. They are usually evergreen, and the flowers (white, yellow, orange, or red) generally bloom from spring to early summer. Some hybrids have been created that bloom on and off throughout the growing season, making them a popular ornamental plant.
Malus
Malus
Malus
The range of trees that produce malus are grown throughout the world for their fruit - there are 7,000 varieties worldwide! They have a long history as well; charred apple trunks have been found in prehistoric sites in Europe, and in colonial North America there are references to malus being nicknamed "winter bananas" and "melt-in-the mouth." They can be found in varying shades of red, green, and yellow, and of different sizes.
Roses
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Shadbushes
Amelanchier
Shadbushes
Shadbushes are deciduous trees or shrubs that produce small blackish-purple berries. The sweet, edible fruit attracts a variety of wildlife, while the flowers provide nectar and pollen for birds, bees, and butterflies. Shadbushes are also called shadbush, so named for the fact that spring blossoms coincide with the perfect time to catch shad fish.
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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Rose
Rose
Rose
Rosaceae
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
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species

Exploring the Rose Plants

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8 most common species:
Stranvaesia
Stranvaesia
Stranvaesia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae.
Cliffortia
Cliffortia
Cliffortia is a genus of plants that has been assigned to the rose family, with currently 132 known species. Its species can be found in southern Africa, particularly in the Cape Floristic Region. Cliffortia species are mostly upright shrubs, but some species develop into small trees of up to 5 m high. The stipules have merged with the base of the leaf and form a sheath around the branch. Leaflets may be thin or leathery, broad to needle-shaped, with the margin serrated or entire, and may have a spiny tip. Cliffortia has separate male and female flowers in the leaf axils, which are mostly set individually but sometimes in clusters. One or two achenes may develop in each flower, within the inflating calyx.
Dichotomanthes
Dichotomanthes
The dichotomanthes genus contains the sole species Dichotomanthes tristaniaecarpa, which is a small tree/shrub native to Eastern Asia. This species favors mixed evergreen forest habitats at medium altitudes. It produces late-spring white flowers as well as red fruit cylinders from late summer through fall.
Drymocallis
drymocallis
Gardeners can plant drymocallis around trees to create a wild, woody ground cover. The plants have bright or pale green leaves that may be spiked or lobed, and they grow from kidney-shaped seeds. The flowers are small yellow or white blooms.
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All Species of Rose

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
product icon
17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
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Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
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