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Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Pinus lambertiana
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
4 to 7
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care guide

Care Guide for Sugar Pine

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Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Clay, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements Ideal Lighting
Ideal Temperature
Ideal Temperature
4 to 7
Details on Temperature Ideal Temperature
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall, Mid fall
Details on Planting Time Planting Time
Harvest Time
Harvest Time
Mid fall
Details on Harvest Time Harvest Time
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Sugar Pine
Water
Water
Every 2 weeks
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
4 to 7
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall, Mid fall
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Questions About Sugar Pine

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Sugar Pine?
If you decide to water your Sugar Pine, you will be happy to find that it is a straightforward task. One of the easiest ways to water this tree is by simply turning on your garden hose and using it to soak the soil slowly. Your garden hose is the ideal watering tool to use for mature Sugar Pine trees, as large specimens may need a high volume of water during each watering. However, for smaller trees, you may get by by using a watering can or some other smaller watering tool. Also, you should try to avoid overhead watering as excessive moisture on this plant’s leaves can lead to disease, especially when the tree is young.
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What should I do if I water my Sugar Pine too much or too little?
At times, overwatering can be the result of poor soils. Mainly, if the soil in which your Sugar Pine grows does not allow water to drain effectively, the plant will likely begin to decline. If this is the case, you should either amend the soil to improve its drainage characteristics or transplant your Sugar Pine to a more favorable growing location. If you grow your Sugar Pine in a pot, this can also mean you may need to repot your plant with looser soils in a container that allows for better drainage. An overwatered plant may also contract diseases, which you should try to treat immediately. For an underwatered Sugar Pine, the remedy is quite simple. Begin watering more often, and soon your plant will bounce back and return to full health. The easiest way to tell if you have overwatered your Sugar Pine is to observe the plant’s foliage. Specifically, looking at the new growth will give the clearest sign of whether this plant suffers from too much moisture. An overwatered Sugar Pine may produce new growth, but that new growth may be discolored or prone to easy breakage. Another sign that the soil for your Sugar Pine is too moist is if you notice standing water or that water is not draining quickly in your plant’s growing area. Underwatered Sugar Pine trees will also have symptoms present in the foliage. In this case, the leaves may become sparse, brown. Usually, Sugar Pine can grow well with rainfulls. If you see such symptoms on your plant, you should consider if there has been too much rain recently or constantly high temperatures, which will help you to make the correct judgment.
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How often should I water my Sugar Pine?
A mature Sugar Pine does not need much water at all. In most instances, this tree will become drought tolerant and survive off of nothing more than rainfall. At most, you’ll need to water this plant about once per week during the hottest months of the year, but during other seasons, you probably won’t need to water it at all. The exception to that rule is if you are dealing with a plant that has been newly planted. If that is the case, you should water regularly to maintain consistent soil moisture and help the roots establish themselves. With that said, the most important thing to remember when watering Sugar Pine is that this species does not tolerate standing water. As such, when in doubt, you should err on the side of not watering your Sugar Pine rather than risking watering it too much.
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How much water does my Sugar Pine need?
The height of summer is one of the few times that you’ll need to water your Sugar Pine. At that time of year, it is typical to give this plant about one inch of water per week. However, that amount can change depending on how much it has rained. If it has rained one inch or more that week, you won’t need to give any water to your Sugar Pine.newly planted Sugar Pine will need more water during the establishment period. Typically, this amounts to watering about once every one to two weeks for the first few growing seasons.
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How should I water my Sugar Pine through the seasons?
The Sugar Pine tree will need the most water during the summer months when the weather is the hottest. At that time, you should give this plant water about once per week in the absence of rainfall. During other times of the year, this plant will often survive with no water at all. In spring and fall, you might need to provide some water if the weather is exceptionally hot, but this is rare. Unlike many other plants, the Sugar Pine does not enter full dormancy in winter, which means that it will continue growing, during the coldest months. Still, the water needs during winter will remain quite low as the cool temperatures will not cause the soil to dry out quickly..
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How should I water my Sugar Pine at different growth stages?
Young Sugar Pine trees need significantly more water than those that are established. A newly planted tree should receive water at least weekly to ensure that the soil remains moist to facilitate root development. After the first growing season, your Sugar Pine should be well-adapted to its new growing location and should need much less water. At this time, you can begin following the standard instructions for watering this species, providing supplemental water about once per week during summer when it does not rain. Beyond that, there is no other time at which you’ll need to alter your watering habits based on the growth stages of the Sugar Pine tree.
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What's the difference between watering Sugar Pine indoors and outdoors?
It is far more common to grow the Sugar Pine in an outdoor growing location. However, it is also possible to grow this plant indoors in a container. In that scenario, one gardener often raise the Sugar Pine as the bonsai plant. Whether you grow this plant indoors or outdoors, you can expect its water needs to remain relatively similar. The one difference is that you may need to water an indoor Sugar Pine tree a bit more. Indoor plants won’t have access to rainfall during the summer. Also, indoor areas are often much drier than outdoor growing locations, and the size of the pots limits the water-retainability, which can lead to higher water needs.
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Key Facts About Sugar Pine

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Attributes of Sugar Pine

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall, Mid fall
Bloom Time
Spring
Harvest Time
Mid fall
Plant Height
37 m to 61 m
Spread
15 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
5 - 32 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer, Fall
Pollinators
Wind
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Larval food
Growth Rate:Rapid
Displaying a 'Rapid' growth rate, sugar Pine flourishes greatly during the Spring, Summer, and Fall. This quick progress enables high leaf production and height increment, most noticeable during Summer. This, in turn, impacts sugar Pine's features like flourishing crown and robust growth. Intriguingly, sugar Pine exhibits less aggressive growth sequences during winter, focusing on internal resilience over raw expansion.

Symbolism

Scientific Classification of Sugar Pine

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Common Pests & Diseases About Sugar Pine

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Common issues for Sugar Pine based on 10 million real cases
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Dieback
Dieback is a plant disease characterized by the progressive death of twigs, branches, roots, or whole plants, starting at the tips. It severely affects Sugar Pine, causing diminishing growth, yellowing needles, and eventual mortality of the plant.
Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Plant dried up
Plant dried up Plant dried up
Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Solutions: The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Fruit withering
Fruit withering Fruit withering
Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Solutions: There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering: Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
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Dieback
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
What is Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
Dieback is a plant disease characterized by the progressive death of twigs, branches, roots, or whole plants, starting at the tips. It severely affects Sugar Pine, causing diminishing growth, yellowing needles, and eventual mortality of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms for Dieback in Sugar Pine include yellowing and wilting of needles, dying branches starting from the tips, reduced growth and vigor, and cankers or sunken areas on stems.
What Causes Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
What Causes Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
1
Fungal pathogens
Dieback in Sugar Pine is primarily caused by fungal pathogens like Phytophthora cinnamomi, which infiltrates the plant's vascular system.
2
Environmental stress
Environmental stressors like drought, temperature extremes, and nutrient deficiencies often contribute to Dieback, making Sugar Pine more susceptible to the disease.
How to Treat Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
How to Treat Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Pruning affected branches can help limit the disease's spread, especially before spores are released.

Improve plant health: Regular watering, mulching, and balanced fertilizing can enhance Sugar Pine's resistance to the disease.
2
Pesticide
Fungicidal sprays: Applying fungicidal sprays, especially those containing metalaxyl or phosphite, can help control the fungal infection.
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Longhorn beetles
plant poor
Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
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Plant dried up
plant poor
Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has dried out and turned brown. It might be starting to wilt, with no noticeable green around the stems and leaves. Touch the leaves, and they may crinkle under your fingers.
Possible causes of a dried out plant include:
  1. Not enough water. A lack of water will lead to dry plant tissue.
  2. Too much water. Watering too much can lead to root rot which makes the plant struggle to take up water. Rotted, mushy roots are a sign of overeating.
  3. Entering dormancy. As perennial plants enter their resting period known as dormancy, their leaves dry out and may fall off. This happens during decreasing day length.
  4. Exposure to herbicides and other toxic substances. If a plant is hit with a large dose herbicide or other toxic chemical, the plant will turn brown.
  5. Too much fertility. An excess of fertilizer can prevent plants from taking up water, leading to drying.
  6. Improper sun exposure. Just like humans, plants can get sunburn by intense, direct light. Plants can also dry out if they don’t receive enough light.
To determine whether the plant is still alive and can be saved, you can:
  1. Bend a stem. If the stem is pliable, the plant is still alive. If the stem breaks, the plant is dead.
  2. Gently scratch the stem with your fingernail for signs of green inside. If your plant is dead, the stem will be brittle and brown throughout.
  3. Cut the stems back a little bit a time for visible green growth. If none of the stems have visible green growth, the plant is dead.
Solutions
Solutions
The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method.
  1. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
  2. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems.
  3. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species.
  4. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil.
  5. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention involves providing your plant with the proper environment.
  1. Provide the proper amount of water. The amount of water depends on a plant’s size, species, and environment. A general rule is to allow soil to dry out between waterings.
  2. Place plants in the proper environment. Provide the proper hours of sun and temperature for your individual plant.
  3. Provide proper fertility. Most plants only need to be fertilized once or twice a year; don’t overapply.
  4. Keep plants free from toxic substances. Keep herbicides and toxic household chemicals away from your plants.
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Fruit withering
plant poor
Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Overview
Overview
Fruit withering is common on many tree fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and plums, as well as fruiting shrubs. It is caused by a fungal pathogen and will result in wrinkled and desiccated fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are the most common symptoms in the order that they are likely to occur.
  1. Both leaves and blossom on the tips of branches will go brown and wither.
  2. Gray powdery patches will appear on infected leaves and flowers, and this will be most apparent after rain.
  3. Any fruit that does appear will turn wrinkled and fail to develop.
  4. Branch tips begin to die, progressing back to larger branches, causing general deterioration of the tree or plant.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The withering is caused by one of two fungal pathogens, one called Monilina laxa and the other called M. fructigen. The spores overwinter on infected plant material and are then spread the following spring by wind, rain, or animal vectors. The problem will start to become noticeable in mid-spring, but will increase in severity as summer progresses and the fungus grows. If not addressed, the disease will intensify and spread to other plants in the vicinity.
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distribution

Distribution of Sugar Pine

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Habitat of Sugar Pine

Yellow pine & red fir forests from 2500-9000 ft
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Sugar Pine

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Sugar Pine Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
Sugar Pine thrives best in an environment where it has unobstructed exposure to sunrays for most of the day. While it can endure some cover, its growth and health can be at risk if kept in more shaded locations. Care should be taken to protect it from any light deficit or overexposure.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
20-25 feet
Transplant sugar Pine in the cusp of spring into summer for robust growth, ensuring a spot with ample sunlight and well-draining soil. A touch of mulch post-move encourages moisture retention and warmth.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
-25 - 35 ℃
Sugar Pine is indigenous to locations with a temperature range between 41 to 90 °F (5 to 32 ℃). It thrives in cooler temperatures and might require shading or watering during hotter seasons. Adjust as per local climate.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Winter
Distinguished by its towering height and long, slender cones, sugar Pine is the tallest of pine species. For healthy growth, prune dead or diseased branches, and correct any structural issues. Optimal pruning occurs in winter, during dormancy, to minimize sap loss and prevent disease entry. This seasonal timing also allows for clear visibility of the plant's structure. Pruning benefits sugar Pine by reducing the risk of breakage from snow load and promoting a more robust structure.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Autumn,Winter
Renowned for its impressive height and beautiful, elongated cones, sugar Pine is typically propagated through cuttings. For successful propagation, select healthy semi-hardwood stems from a mature tree. The cut end should be dipped in a rooting hormone to encourage growth. Using a well-draining soil mix is crucial, as sugar Pine prefers a moist but not waterlogged environment. Ensure the cutting is placed in a location with indirect sunlight and maintain consistent moisture levels. Adequate aeration is important to prevent fungal issues. With patience and proper care, the cutting will develop roots and gradually grow into a new plant.
Propagation Techniques
Dieback
Dieback is a plant disease characterized by the progressive death of twigs, branches, roots, or whole plants, starting at the tips. It severely affects Sugar Pine, causing diminishing growth, yellowing needles, and eventual mortality of the plant.
Read More
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease impacting Sugar Pine, leading to premature needle drop, branch dieback, and potential tree death. Vital for both ecology and forestry, the disease requires timely intervention.
Read More
Scale insect
Scale insects are pests that target Sugar Pine, causing yellowing needles, dieback, and potentially death. These insects suck sap, weakening the tree and making it susceptible to other issues.
Read More
Mealybug
Mealybug disease notably impacts Sugar Pine, leading to disrupted nutrient flow and weakened health. Small, white, cotton-like pests cluster around the plant, draining its vitality.
Read More
Whole plant withering
Whole plant withering represents a syndrome where the entire Sugar Pine shows rapid decline and dehydration, often leading to mortality. Key factors include water stress, diseases, and root damage.
Read More
Branch withering
Branch withering disease causes selective death of branches in Sugar Pine, resulting in reduced vigor and potentially, mortality. It attacks the vascular system, interrupting water and nutrient flow.
Read More
Feng shui direction
South
As for the Feng Shui compatibility of the sugar Pine, its majestic stature and soft needle foliage lend yin energy, effectively counterbalancing yang spaces. A south-facing positioning is fitting as sugar Pine's growth mimics the sun's trajectory, symbolizing continuous self-development and prosperity. Please bear in mind, Feng Shui interpretations are holistic and can vary widely.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Sugar Pine

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Brazilian fern tree
Brazilian fern tree
The leaves are bipinnate 1 m or more in length with a green stem and 30–50 opposite pinnae each with 40–60 leaflets 2 to 3 cm long; they are clustered near the end of the branches and fall off completely in the dry season. The numerous bright yellow nectar-producing flowers about 3.5 cm in diameter bloom from fall through winter in the Southern Hemisphere after the leaves have fallen off. Each fruit is a tadpole-like pod about 10 cm long containing a single oval seed smooth and brown.
Polka dot begonia
Polka dot begonia
The polka dot begonia is definitely an eye-catcher in any gardens. Generally, it requires warm temperatures and enjoys a bright shade. Although the taste of polka dot begonia is sour, some people eat them, even though they can be toxic when consumed in large amounts.
Manila palm
Manila palm
The fronds of the manila palm (Adonidia merrillii) are incredibly resistant to disease; however, they will struggle when temperatures get anywhere close to freezing. When in bloom, it produces nectar highly sought after by bees. When they go to seed, the casings are harvested and created into beautiful beads for necklaces. It is called by some the most popular ornamental palms worldwide.
Vasevine
Vasevine
Another name for vasevine (Clematis viorna) is leatherflower. It's sometimes called this because its flowers feel leathery to the touch. It's indigenous to the southeastern United States. However, it has migrated to other areas. Vasevine is poisonous, and if you ingest it, it'll cause an overpowering burning sensation in your mouth. It can also cause skin inflammation.
Poisonbean
Poisonbean
Poisonbean (Sesbania drummondii) is an evergreen perennial shrub whose seeds are poisonous to humans, animals, and fish. Small orange-yellow flowers bloom from summer to fall, followed by fruit-producing seed pods that rattle when shaken. It thrives in full sun and moist to wet soil. It is a subtropical plant and does not tolerate freezing temperatures.
Caricature-plant
Caricature-plant
Caricature-plant, or Graptophyllum pictum, is a tropical shrub with bright, variegated foliage of chocolate and cream colors. This shrub can grow large in the tropics and is adaptable to both full shade and full sun. Growing this shrub creates a striking contrast in most gardens and flowerbeds. It is not drought tolerant and will need consistent moisture throughout the summer.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine
Pinus lambertiana
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
4 to 7
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Care Guide for Sugar Pine

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Questions About Sugar Pine

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Sugar Pine?
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What should I do if I water my Sugar Pine too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Sugar Pine?
more
How much water does my Sugar Pine need?
more
How should I water my Sugar Pine through the seasons?
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How should I water my Sugar Pine at different growth stages?
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What's the difference between watering Sugar Pine indoors and outdoors?
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Key Facts About Sugar Pine

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Attributes of Sugar Pine

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall, Mid fall
Bloom Time
Spring
Harvest Time
Mid fall
Plant Height
37 m to 61 m
Spread
15 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
5 - 32 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer, Fall
Pollinators
Wind
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Larval food
Growth Rate:Rapid
Displaying a 'Rapid' growth rate, sugar Pine flourishes greatly during the Spring, Summer, and Fall. This quick progress enables high leaf production and height increment, most noticeable during Summer. This, in turn, impacts sugar Pine's features like flourishing crown and robust growth. Intriguingly, sugar Pine exhibits less aggressive growth sequences during winter, focusing on internal resilience over raw expansion.
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Symbolism

Scientific Classification of Sugar Pine

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Common Pests & Diseases About Sugar Pine

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Common issues for Sugar Pine based on 10 million real cases
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Dieback
Dieback is a plant disease characterized by the progressive death of twigs, branches, roots, or whole plants, starting at the tips. It severely affects Sugar Pine, causing diminishing growth, yellowing needles, and eventual mortality of the plant.
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Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
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Plant dried up
Plant dried up Plant dried up Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Solutions: The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
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Fruit withering
Fruit withering Fruit withering Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Solutions: There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering: Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
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Dieback
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
What is Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
Dieback is a plant disease characterized by the progressive death of twigs, branches, roots, or whole plants, starting at the tips. It severely affects Sugar Pine, causing diminishing growth, yellowing needles, and eventual mortality of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms for Dieback in Sugar Pine include yellowing and wilting of needles, dying branches starting from the tips, reduced growth and vigor, and cankers or sunken areas on stems.
What Causes Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
What Causes Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
1
Fungal pathogens
Dieback in Sugar Pine is primarily caused by fungal pathogens like Phytophthora cinnamomi, which infiltrates the plant's vascular system.
2
Environmental stress
Environmental stressors like drought, temperature extremes, and nutrient deficiencies often contribute to Dieback, making Sugar Pine more susceptible to the disease.
How to Treat Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
How to Treat Dieback Disease on Sugar Pine?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Pruning affected branches can help limit the disease's spread, especially before spores are released.

Improve plant health: Regular watering, mulching, and balanced fertilizing can enhance Sugar Pine's resistance to the disease.
2
Pesticide
Fungicidal sprays: Applying fungicidal sprays, especially those containing metalaxyl or phosphite, can help control the fungal infection.
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Longhorn beetles
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Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Keeping trees healthy, uninjured, and unstressed will help prevent beetle infestation. Water trees appropriately, giving neither too much nor too little.
  • Check with local tree companies about which tree species have fewer problems.
  • Avoid moving firewood as this can introduce exotic longhorn beetles.
  • Routine spraying of persistent, broad-spectrum insecticides will help prevent re-infestation of previously affected trees or infestation of unaffected trees.
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Plant dried up
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Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has dried out and turned brown. It might be starting to wilt, with no noticeable green around the stems and leaves. Touch the leaves, and they may crinkle under your fingers.
Possible causes of a dried out plant include:
  1. Not enough water. A lack of water will lead to dry plant tissue.
  2. Too much water. Watering too much can lead to root rot which makes the plant struggle to take up water. Rotted, mushy roots are a sign of overeating.
  3. Entering dormancy. As perennial plants enter their resting period known as dormancy, their leaves dry out and may fall off. This happens during decreasing day length.
  4. Exposure to herbicides and other toxic substances. If a plant is hit with a large dose herbicide or other toxic chemical, the plant will turn brown.
  5. Too much fertility. An excess of fertilizer can prevent plants from taking up water, leading to drying.
  6. Improper sun exposure. Just like humans, plants can get sunburn by intense, direct light. Plants can also dry out if they don’t receive enough light.
To determine whether the plant is still alive and can be saved, you can:
  1. Bend a stem. If the stem is pliable, the plant is still alive. If the stem breaks, the plant is dead.
  2. Gently scratch the stem with your fingernail for signs of green inside. If your plant is dead, the stem will be brittle and brown throughout.
  3. Cut the stems back a little bit a time for visible green growth. If none of the stems have visible green growth, the plant is dead.
Solutions
Solutions
The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method.
  1. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
  2. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems.
  3. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species.
  4. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil.
  5. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention involves providing your plant with the proper environment.
  1. Provide the proper amount of water. The amount of water depends on a plant’s size, species, and environment. A general rule is to allow soil to dry out between waterings.
  2. Place plants in the proper environment. Provide the proper hours of sun and temperature for your individual plant.
  3. Provide proper fertility. Most plants only need to be fertilized once or twice a year; don’t overapply.
  4. Keep plants free from toxic substances. Keep herbicides and toxic household chemicals away from your plants.
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Fruit withering
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Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Overview
Overview
Fruit withering is common on many tree fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and plums, as well as fruiting shrubs. It is caused by a fungal pathogen and will result in wrinkled and desiccated fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are the most common symptoms in the order that they are likely to occur.
  1. Both leaves and blossom on the tips of branches will go brown and wither.
  2. Gray powdery patches will appear on infected leaves and flowers, and this will be most apparent after rain.
  3. Any fruit that does appear will turn wrinkled and fail to develop.
  4. Branch tips begin to die, progressing back to larger branches, causing general deterioration of the tree or plant.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The withering is caused by one of two fungal pathogens, one called Monilina laxa and the other called M. fructigen. The spores overwinter on infected plant material and are then spread the following spring by wind, rain, or animal vectors. The problem will start to become noticeable in mid-spring, but will increase in severity as summer progresses and the fungus grows. If not addressed, the disease will intensify and spread to other plants in the vicinity.
Solutions
Solutions
There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering:
  1. Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost.
  2. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventative measures include:
  1. Ensuring adequate spacing between plants or trees.
  2. Staking plants that are prone to tumbling to prevent moisture or humidity build up.
  3. Prune correctly so that there is adequate air movement and remove any dead or diseased branches that may carry spores.
  4. Practice good plant hygiene by removing fallen material and destroying it as soon as possible.
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distribution

Distribution of Sugar Pine

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Habitat of Sugar Pine

Yellow pine & red fir forests from 2500-9000 ft
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Sugar Pine

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Sugar Pine Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Plants Related to Sugar Pine

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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Sugar Pine thrives best in an environment where it has unobstructed exposure to sunrays for most of the day. While it can endure some cover, its growth and health can be at risk if kept in more shaded locations. Care should be taken to protect it from any light deficit or overexposure.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Sugar Pine thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Sugar Pine may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Sugar Pine enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Sugar Pine thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Sugar Pine is indigenous to locations with a temperature range between 41 to 90 °F (5 to 32 ℃). It thrives in cooler temperatures and might require shading or watering during hotter seasons. Adjust as per local climate.
Regional wintering strategies
Sugar Pine is highly cold-tolerant and does not require additional frost protection measures during winter. However, before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant generously to ensure the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine is extremely cold-tolerant, but the winter temperature should be maintained above {Limit_growth_temperature}. If the temperature drops below this threshold, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, the branches may become brittle and dry during springtime, and no new shoots will emerge.
Solutions
In spring, prune away any dead branches that have failed to produce new leaves.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Sugar Pine
Sugar Pine is not tolerant to high temperatures. When the temperature exceeds {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}, it may experience significant leaf drop, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wither and die.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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