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Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Trichosanthes cucumerina
Also known as : Chichinda
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 12
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Key Facts About Snake gourd

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Attributes of Snake gourd

Lifespan
Annual
Plant Type
Herb, Vine
Bloom Time
Summer, Early fall
Plant Height
5 m
Spread
5 m
Flower Color
White
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Snake gourd

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Distribution of Snake gourd

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Habitat of Snake gourd

Cultivated farmland, fences
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Snake gourd

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Questions About Snake gourd

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Snake gourd?
Not only does the Snake gourd have certain preferences regarding how much water it receives, but it also cares deeply about how you provide that water. In fact, if you don't use the proper watering technique, you risk harming your tomatoes. The best way to water Snake gourd is to apply the water directly to the soil in a slow and gentle manner. You should not pour all of the water into the soil at once, and you should not do overhead watering for your Snake gourd. Although you should water slowly, you should also water deeply to ensure that all of the soil in which your Snake gourd grows is sufficiently moist.
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What should I do if I water my Snake gourd too much or too little?
If you find that you have overwatered your Snake gourd and you are concerned about the associated risk of disease, you should intervene immediately. Often the best approach for an overwatered Snake gourd is to uproot it from its current growing location. Once the plant is out of the ground, you can allow its roots to dry a bit before planting it in a new growing location. Ensure that the new growing location has soil with good drainage. If you grow in pots, you may also want to move your plant to a pot with more or larger drainage holes. In the case of underwatering, all you will need to do is increase the frequency with which you supply water to your plant.
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How often should I water my Snake gourd?
Overall, Snake gourd requires a significant amount of water throughout the growing season. To meet that high water need, you'll need to water early and often throughout the spring and summer. During the earlier parts of the growing season, you should water your Snake gourd about once or twice per week. As the season progresses, you should increase your watering frequency. You may need to water it twice per day or more during summer, depending on the weather. After your Snake gourd have gone through their major seasonal growth phases, you can reduce the frequency of your watering to about once per week until the end of the growing season.
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How much water does my Snake gourd need?
Since Snake gourd are incredibly popular, with many professional and amateur gardeners growing them successfully, we have a pretty clear idea of how to care for these plants. That understanding includes specific knowledge about the precise volume of water an average Snake gourd should receive. Generally, Snake gourd will require about 1 - 1.5 inches of water per week. That volume should be dispersed evenly through your weekly watering. As the weather gets warmer, you may need to supply more water, but in most cases, two inches per week is a good baseline amount.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Snake gourd enough?
Underwatering and overwatering can both occur as problems for your Snake gourd, and both these problems can manifest with similar symptoms. For example, foliage discoloration and wilting can both result from either overwatering or underwatering. When your Snake gourd is underwatered, its leaves will be curling and drooping at the beginning. You will see a bunch of leaves turn less vigorous. Underwatering is also likely to cause stunted growth and poor overall development as both the flowers and this plant require a high amount of water. Overwatering is more likely to lead to disease, including rot. Overwatering may also lead to unpleasant smells rising from your plant's soil. The symptoms of underwatering will show up quicker than overwatering. Overwatering can also be evident in soil conditions. Mainly, if you notice a lot of standing water or waterlogged soils, overwatering is likely to occur.
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How should I water my Snake gourd through the seasons?
As alluded to above, your Snake gourd's water needs will repeatedly change throughout the seasons. During most of spring and summer, you should water your Snake gourd about once every week. As the heat of summer arrives, you should plan to increase your watering frequency to once or twice per day. In the late summer and fall, towards the end of the harvest period, you can reduce your watering frequency to about once per week. After harvest has ended, you can cease watering as your Snake gourd has reached the end of its life cycle and will require no further soil moisture. The maintenance schedule of Snake gourd will require you to alter the amount of water you provide depending on the plant's current growth stage. Early on, especially if you grow your Snake gourd from seeds, you'll need to provide water often enough to maintain consistent soil moisture, which encourages root development. When the plant becomes old enough to produce flowers, it will likely need even more water. During the fruit development growth stage, your Snake gourd will likely need the most water out of any growth period, at times requiring water more than twice per day. Following that phase, the water needs of Snake gourd will decline significantly.
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What's the difference between watering Snake gourd indoors and outdoors?
Whether you grow Snake gourd indoors or outdoors can also play a role in how you water them. Snake gourd that grows outdoors may receive water from natural rainfall, which will reduce the amount of supplemental water you should supply. However, it is incredibly rare for rainfall to adequately replace your watering entirely. Plants that grow indoors, along with any Snake gourd that grows in a container, will need to be watered more frequently than those that grow in the ground outdoors. If you choose this route, please make sure that the plant gets enough water by checking the soil moisture within your pot often to keep your Snake gourd healthy.
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More Info on Snake Gourd Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Lighting
Full sun
As a species originating from an environment with abundant light, snake gourd requires extensive sunlit conditions for healthy growth. Lack of it, can lead to impaired growth and lower yield. Appropriately, all stages of growth necessitate ample exposure. Vulnerability to excessive illumination, however, remains unestablished.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
4-6 feet
For snake gourd, optimally relocate from early to late spring, taking advantage of the season's moderate climate that encourages root establishment. Choose a sunny spot ensuring ample growth space, enriching soil if necessary, for this high-climbing annual.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
5 - 43 ℃
Snake gourd is a plant that originated in an environment with temperatures ranging from 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). It prefers warmer climates for optimal growth. Seasonal adjustments can be made to accommodate a small deviation from this range.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Spring, Summer, Fall
This climbing vine blooms with white flowers and bears elongated fruits. For snake gourd, early training and regular trimming of the lateral shoots encourage vertical growth and increase fruit production. Prune after the main vine reaches 1.5-2 meters in height. Optimal pruning seasons are spring through fall, focusing on removing dead or overgrown stems to improve air circulation. Specific benefits include enhanced fruit size and quality, and disease management by eliminating potential infection sites.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring
Snake gourd is effectively propagated through the process of division, which involves separating parts of the root system to form new independent plants. To ensure successful propagation, gardeners should choose healthy parent plants, gently teasing apart the roots to minimize damage. After division, each section should contain adequate roots and shoots for independent growth. Immediate planting in well-draining soil and maintaining consistent moisture levels can foster robust development.
Propagation Techniques
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Plants Related to Snake gourd

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Pennywort
Pennywort
Pennywort is a crawling aquatic perennial plant endemic to North Africa and Europe. When cooked, its leaves smell and taste like carrots. It is edible but should not be consumed in large quantities. This plant is grown for ground cover in ponds, water gardens, and even as a houseplant.
Flax-leaved daphne
Flax-leaved daphne
Flax-leaved daphne (Daphne gnidium) is an attractive, evergreen shrub with fragrant white flowers, but it is highly poisonous. Even the sap can irritate the skin. Coming from southern Europe, the Middle East, and north Africa, it can grow in poor soil and on inhospitable hillsides.
Wild iris
Wild iris
Wild iris (Dietes grandiflora) is a large wild perennial plant in the iris family. It's commonly seen in its native regions of South Africa, used for horticulture and beautification of public spaces and gardens. In Australia, wild iris is considered a weed.
Japanese box
Japanese box
Japanese box (Buxus microphylla) is a dwarf evergreen shrub native to Japan and China. This species is also called the Japanese box. Japanese box is often planted in ornamental hedging. One cultivar of this species is often grown as a bonsai tree. In Japan, japanese box wood is used to make a hanko, or printing stamp seal.
Perez's sea lavender
Perez's sea lavender
Perez's sea lavender (Limonium perezii) is a plant species native to the Canary Islands. Commonly grown in gardens around the globe, this plant is also known as Papierblom or Everlasting in South Africa.
Chinese okra
Chinese okra
Chinese okra (Luffa acutangula) is a vigorous climbing vine and food crop that is grown for its immature fruit. Its fruit has a cylindrical shape and measures about 46 cm long. Yellow flowers open in late afternoon and stay open until the next morning.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Related Plants
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Snake gourd
Trichosanthes cucumerina
Also known as: Chichinda
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 12
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Key Facts About Snake gourd

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Attributes of Snake gourd

Lifespan
Annual
Plant Type
Herb, Vine
Bloom Time
Summer, Early fall
Plant Height
5 m
Spread
5 m
Flower Color
White
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
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Scientific Classification of Snake gourd

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distribution

Distribution of Snake gourd

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Habitat of Snake gourd

Cultivated farmland, fences
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Snake gourd

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About Snake gourd

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Feedback
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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Snake gourd?
more
What should I do if I water my Snake gourd too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Snake gourd?
more
How much water does my Snake gourd need?
more
How can I tell if i'm watering my Snake gourd enough?
more
How should I water my Snake gourd through the seasons?
more
What's the difference between watering Snake gourd indoors and outdoors?
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Plants Related to Snake gourd

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Lighting
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
As a species originating from an environment with abundant light, snake gourd requires extensive sunlit conditions for healthy growth. Lack of it, can lead to impaired growth and lower yield. Appropriately, all stages of growth necessitate ample exposure. Vulnerability to excessive illumination, however, remains unestablished.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Snake gourd thrives in full sunlight and is commonly cultivated outdoors. When grown indoors with limited light, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency that can easily go unnoticed.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Snake gourd may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Snake gourd enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Snake gourd thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Snake gourd is a plant that originated in an environment with temperatures ranging from 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). It prefers warmer climates for optimal growth. Seasonal adjustments can be made to accommodate a small deviation from this range.
Regional wintering strategies
Snake gourd prefers relatively warm temperatures, so maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter cultivation is beneficial for plant growth. The minimum temperature should be kept above freezing point to prevent the plant from freezing damage. When the outdoor temperature approaches -5°C (25°F) during winter, it is advisable to bring Snake gourd indoors or provide protection by setting up a temporary greenhouse or using materials such as plastic film or fabric to wrap the plant.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Snake gourd
Snake gourd has moderate tolerance to low temperatures and thrives best when the temperature is between {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} and {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may darken in color. In severe cases, water-soaked necrosis, wilting, and drooping may occur, and the color of the leaves gradually turns brown.
Solutions
Trim away the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment or set up a makeshift greenhouse for cold protection. When placing the plant indoors, choose a location near a south-facing window to ensure ample sunlight. If there is insufficient light, you can use supplemental lighting.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Snake gourd
During summer, Snake gourd should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the plant's growth slows down, the color of its leaves becomes lighter, and it becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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