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Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Pinus palustris
Also known as : Georgia pine, Hill pine, Heart pine
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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care guide

Care Guide for Longleaf pine

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Clay, Chalky, Sandy loam, Acidic, Neutral
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements Ideal Lighting
Ideal Temperature
Ideal Temperature
6 to 9
Details on Temperature Ideal Temperature
Planting Time
Planting Time
Late fall
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Longleaf pine
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
6 to 9
Planting Time
Planting Time
Late fall
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Questions About Longleaf pine

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Longleaf pine?
If you decide to water your Longleaf pine, you will be happy to find that it is a straightforward task. One of the easiest ways to water this tree is by simply turning on your garden hose and using it to soak the soil slowly. Your garden hose is the ideal watering tool to use for mature Longleaf pine trees, as large specimens may need a high volume of water during each watering. However, for smaller trees, you may get by by using a watering can or some other smaller watering tool. Also, you should try to avoid overhead watering as excessive moisture on this plant’s leaves can lead to disease, especially when the tree is young.
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What should I do if I water my Longleaf pine too much or too little?
At times, overwatering can be the result of poor soils. Mainly, if the soil in which your Longleaf pine grows does not allow water to drain effectively, the plant will likely begin to decline. If this is the case, you should either amend the soil to improve its drainage characteristics or transplant your Longleaf pine to a more favorable growing location. If you grow your Longleaf pine in a pot, this can also mean you may need to repot your plant with looser soils in a container that allows for better drainage. An overwatered plant may also contract diseases, which you should try to treat immediately. For an underwatered Longleaf pine, the remedy is quite simple. Begin watering more often, and soon your plant will bounce back and return to full health. The easiest way to tell if you have overwatered your Longleaf pine is to observe the plant’s foliage. Specifically, looking at the new growth will give the clearest sign of whether this plant suffers from too much moisture. An overwatered Longleaf pine may produce new growth, but that new growth may be discolored or prone to easy breakage. Another sign that the soil for your Longleaf pine is too moist is if you notice standing water or that water is not draining quickly in your plant’s growing area. Underwatered Longleaf pine trees will also have symptoms present in the foliage. In this case, the leaves may become sparse, brown. Usually, Longleaf pine can grow well with rainfulls. If you see such symptoms on your plant, you should consider if there has been too much rain recently or constantly high temperatures, which will help you to make the correct judgment.
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How often should I water my Longleaf pine?
A mature Longleaf pine does not need much water at all. In most instances, this tree will become drought tolerant and survive off of nothing more than rainfall. At most, you’ll need to water this plant about once per week during the hottest months of the year, but during other seasons, you probably won’t need to water it at all. The exception to that rule is if you are dealing with a plant that has been newly planted. If that is the case, you should water regularly to maintain consistent soil moisture and help the roots establish themselves. With that said, the most important thing to remember when watering Longleaf pine is that this species does not tolerate standing water. As such, when in doubt, you should err on the side of not watering your Longleaf pine rather than risking watering it too much.
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How much water does my Longleaf pine need?
The height of summer is one of the few times that you’ll need to water your Longleaf pine. At that time of year, it is typical to give this plant about one inch of water per week. However, that amount can change depending on how much it has rained. If it has rained one inch or more that week, you won’t need to give any water to your Longleaf pine.newly planted Longleaf pine will need more water during the establishment period. Typically, this amounts to watering about once every one to two weeks for the first few growing seasons.
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How should I water my Longleaf pine through the seasons?
The Longleaf pine tree will need the most water during the summer months when the weather is the hottest. At that time, you should give this plant water about once per week in the absence of rainfall. During other times of the year, this plant will often survive with no water at all. In spring and fall, you might need to provide some water if the weather is exceptionally hot, but this is rare. Unlike many other plants, the Longleaf pine does not enter full dormancy in winter, which means that it will continue growing, during the coldest months. Still, the water needs during winter will remain quite low as the cool temperatures will not cause the soil to dry out quickly..
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How should I water my Longleaf pine at different growth stages?
Young Longleaf pine trees need significantly more water than those that are established. A newly planted tree should receive water at least weekly to ensure that the soil remains moist to facilitate root development. After the first growing season, your Longleaf pine should be well-adapted to its new growing location and should need much less water. At this time, you can begin following the standard instructions for watering this species, providing supplemental water about once per week during summer when it does not rain. Beyond that, there is no other time at which you’ll need to alter your watering habits based on the growth stages of the Longleaf pine tree.
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What's the difference between watering Longleaf pine indoors and outdoors?
It is far more common to grow the Longleaf pine in an outdoor growing location. However, it is also possible to grow this plant indoors in a container. In that scenario, one gardener often raise the Longleaf pine as the bonsai plant. Whether you grow this plant indoors or outdoors, you can expect its water needs to remain relatively similar. The one difference is that you may need to water an indoor Longleaf pine tree a bit more. Indoor plants won’t have access to rainfall during the summer. Also, indoor areas are often much drier than outdoor growing locations, and the size of the pots limits the water-retainability, which can lead to higher water needs.
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Key Facts About Longleaf pine

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Attributes of Longleaf pine

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree
Planting Time
Late fall
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
18 m to 37 m
Spread
9 m to 12 m
Leaf Color
Green
White
Silver
Flower Color
Yellow
Purple
Green
Red
Lavender
Burgundy
Gold
Fruit Color
Brown
Purple
Copper
Lavender
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
10 - 35 ℃
Pollinators
Wind
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Larval food
Growth Rate:Rapid
With a rapid growth rate during Spring and Summer, longleaf pine develops substantially, especially in height. This growth spurt is often associated with an increased production of needles, its signature trait. However, longleaf pine's growth slows down in other seasons, retaining energy for the next burst. Its responsiveness to ample sunlight and warm temperatures during the specified seasons aids its speedy development, demonstrating an appropriate adaptation to its native, seasonal environments.

Symbolism

Scientific Classification of Longleaf pine

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Quickly Identify Longleaf pine

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Snap a photo for instant plant ID, gaining quick insights on disease prevention, treatment, toxicity, care, uses, and symbolism, etc.
1
Needles arranged in clusters of three, measuring 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) in length, with serrulate margins.
2
Distinctive orange-brown to reddish-brown bark with thick texture, irregular scales, and scaly appearance.
3
Open, irregular crown with short, stout branches and sparse foliage creating a unique silhouette.
4
Large sexual dimorphic cones; male cones purple-blue, female cones dark purple, notably oversized in eastern North America.
5
Gnarled, twisted stem with rugged texture, starting orange-brown and aging to deeper brown.
Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image
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Common Pests & Diseases About Longleaf pine

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Common issues for Longleaf pine based on 10 million real cases
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Crown gall
Crown gall is a bacterial disease affecting Longleaf pine. It manifests as abnormal growths or galls on roots and lower stems, impacting the plant's growth and vigor. If untreated, it can lead to plant death.
Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Dieback
Dieback Dieback
Dieback
There are several possible causes for dieback.
Solutions: There are a few things to try when dieback becomes apparent: Fertilize and water the plants - these two steps, along with judicious pruning, can help reduce the stress on the root system and encourage renewed vigor Have an arborist check to see if plant roots are girdling Test soil pH and adjust accordingly Remove and destroy infected twigs and branches
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Plant dried up
Plant dried up Plant dried up
Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Solutions: The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Fruit withering
Fruit withering Fruit withering
Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Solutions: There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering: Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
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Crown gall
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
What is Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
Crown gall is a bacterial disease affecting Longleaf pine. It manifests as abnormal growths or galls on roots and lower stems, impacting the plant's growth and vigor. If untreated, it can lead to plant death.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The majority of crown gall symptoms on Longleaf pine include the appearance of galls or tumors on roots and lower stems. The galls start small but can grow large, hard, and woody over time.
What Causes Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
What Causes Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
1
Bacterium
Crown gall is caused by the bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens that enters the plant through wounds, often caused by pruning or transplanting.
How to Treat Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
How to Treat Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
1
Non pesticide
Removal: If galls can be seen readily, removing infected Longleaf pine and replacing them with disease-free plants can control the disease.
2
Pesticide
Chemical treatment: Application of Agrimycin-100 or Galltrol, can be used for effective control if applied correctly.
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Longhorn beetles
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Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
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Dieback
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Dieback
There are several possible causes for dieback.
Overview
Overview
Dealing with dieback in plants can be tricky, in part because this is both the name of a disease itself and a common symptom of many other types of diseases. Dieback can be characterized by the progressive, gradual death of shoots, twigs, roots, and branches, generally starting first at the tips.
In many cases, dieback is caused by fungi or bacteria. These pathogens can produce cankers, wilts, stem or root rots, and even anthracnose, but the most common symptom, of course, is that various plant parts (or the entire plant) will begin to die back.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms of dieback can be gradual or slightly more abrupt. Usually, however, they are slow in developing and tend to be uniform among the various parts of a plant.
Some plants may have more localized symptoms, with all twigs affected or all branches affected but not the rest of the plant. Some potential symptoms include:
  • Dead or dying branches and twigs
  • Dieback that starts in the top of a plant and progresses downward (though it can start lower, especially for conifers)
  • A delayed flush of growth in the spring
  • Leaf margins become scorched
  • Pale green or yellow leaves
  • Leaves that are small or otherwise distorted
  • Early leaf drop
  • Reduced growth of twigs and stems
  • Thinning of crown foliage
  • Production of suckers on trunk and branches
  • Premature fall coloration (in tree species like birch, sweetgum, maple, oak, ash, etc)
The symptoms of dieback can occur within just one season or become worse each and every year.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are several types of dieback, each of which has a different cause with which it is associated.
"dieback" as a standalone issue, including the condition known as Staghead, is caused by fungal or bacterial infections. Staghead is a slow dieback that occurs on the upper branches of a tree, named as such because the dead limbs look much like the head of a stag.
Other causes of dieback symptoms include:
  • Cankers or wilts
  • Stem or root rots
  • Nematodes
  • Stem or root boring insects
  • Pavement being placed over root systems
  • Winter injury from cold
  • Salt damage
  • Lack of moisture (or excess of moisture)
  • Lack of an essential nutrient or element
Trees and shrubs that are attacked by insects, exposed to extremely high or low temperatures, or experience severe and frequent fluctuations in soil moisture are the most likely to suffer from dieback. These stress factors alone or in combination with each other can reduce leaf and shoot growth, and progress into death of twigs and branches.
Although any of these issues can lead to dieback, the most serious consequences tend to occur when the roots of a plant are damaged. Similarly, trees and shrubs that are planted improperly or in unfavorable locations are more likely to develop this condition.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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Plant dried up
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Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has dried out and turned brown. It might be starting to wilt, with no noticeable green around the stems and leaves. Touch the leaves, and they may crinkle under your fingers.
Possible causes of a dried out plant include:
  1. Not enough water. A lack of water will lead to dry plant tissue.
  2. Too much water. Watering too much can lead to root rot which makes the plant struggle to take up water. Rotted, mushy roots are a sign of overeating.
  3. Entering dormancy. As perennial plants enter their resting period known as dormancy, their leaves dry out and may fall off. This happens during decreasing day length.
  4. Exposure to herbicides and other toxic substances. If a plant is hit with a large dose herbicide or other toxic chemical, the plant will turn brown.
  5. Too much fertility. An excess of fertilizer can prevent plants from taking up water, leading to drying.
  6. Improper sun exposure. Just like humans, plants can get sunburn by intense, direct light. Plants can also dry out if they don’t receive enough light.
To determine whether the plant is still alive and can be saved, you can:
  1. Bend a stem. If the stem is pliable, the plant is still alive. If the stem breaks, the plant is dead.
  2. Gently scratch the stem with your fingernail for signs of green inside. If your plant is dead, the stem will be brittle and brown throughout.
  3. Cut the stems back a little bit a time for visible green growth. If none of the stems have visible green growth, the plant is dead.
Solutions
Solutions
The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method.
  1. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
  2. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems.
  3. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species.
  4. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil.
  5. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention involves providing your plant with the proper environment.
  1. Provide the proper amount of water. The amount of water depends on a plant’s size, species, and environment. A general rule is to allow soil to dry out between waterings.
  2. Place plants in the proper environment. Provide the proper hours of sun and temperature for your individual plant.
  3. Provide proper fertility. Most plants only need to be fertilized once or twice a year; don’t overapply.
  4. Keep plants free from toxic substances. Keep herbicides and toxic household chemicals away from your plants.
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Fruit withering
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Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Overview
Overview
Fruit withering is common on many tree fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and plums, as well as fruiting shrubs. It is caused by a fungal pathogen and will result in wrinkled and desiccated fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are the most common symptoms in the order that they are likely to occur.
  1. Both leaves and blossom on the tips of branches will go brown and wither.
  2. Gray powdery patches will appear on infected leaves and flowers, and this will be most apparent after rain.
  3. Any fruit that does appear will turn wrinkled and fail to develop.
  4. Branch tips begin to die, progressing back to larger branches, causing general deterioration of the tree or plant.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The withering is caused by one of two fungal pathogens, one called Monilina laxa and the other called M. fructigen. The spores overwinter on infected plant material and are then spread the following spring by wind, rain, or animal vectors. The problem will start to become noticeable in mid-spring, but will increase in severity as summer progresses and the fungus grows. If not addressed, the disease will intensify and spread to other plants in the vicinity.
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distribution

Distribution of Longleaf pine

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Habitat of Longleaf pine

Organic matter on sandhills, flats, scrubland, near the coast
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Longleaf pine

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Longleaf Pine Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
The longleaf pine thrives under full exposure to the sun, but can also endure moderate sunlight. Its original habitat mirrors this, where it thrives in sun-drenched environments. During different growth phases, it consistently demands an ample amount of sun. However, excessive or insufficient light can impede its growth and overall health.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
10-15 feet
The best time to transplant longleaf pine is during the gentle warmth of mid to late spring, a period that supports root establishment before summer. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil and space to accommodate its tall stature. Remember, a friendly tip: longleaf pine thrives with ample room for root growth.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
-15 - 38 ℃
Longleaf pine is native to the southeastern US where temperatures typically range from 50 to 95 ℉ (10 to 35 ℃). It prefers warm temperatures and is adapted to fire-prone, open savanna habitats. In winter, it can withstand short periods of freezing temperatures but generally grows best in areas with mild winters.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Winter
Characterized by its towering height and needle-like leaves, longleaf pine benefits greatly from selective pruning. Remove dead or diseased branches and thin the crown to enhance air circulation and light penetration. The ideal pruning period is during winter dormancy, minimizing sap loss and pest intrusion. Pruning this species can improve tree health and shape, as well as prevent potential hazards from falling limbs.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Autumn,Winter
The ideal propagation methods for longleaf pine include layering, cutting, and sowing during autumn and winter seasons. Propagation may be moderately difficult, with successful signs including root development and new growth. Ensure proper moisture and temperature conditions for best results.
Propagation Techniques
Crown gall
Crown gall is a bacterial disease affecting Longleaf pine. It manifests as abnormal growths or galls on roots and lower stems, impacting the plant's growth and vigor. If untreated, it can lead to plant death.
Read More
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a damaging disease causing severe tissue damage in Longleaf pine. The disease manifests itself through discoloration of leaves and could eventually result in defoliation, leading to debilitating health issues and might even cause the death of the plant.
Read More
flower wilting
Wilting disease severely impacts Longleaf pine, causing rapid discoloration and death, particularly in adult plants. Caused by various biotic and abiotic factors, this disease, highly infectious yet moderately lethal, necessitates prompt control measures for the plant's survival.
Read More
Dieback
Dieback is a detrimental disease affecting the Longleaf pine, resulting in significant plant degradation and often death. The symptoms mainly emerge on the plant's branches and leaves, compromising its growth and overall vigor.
Read More
Plant dried up
Plant dried up' is a disease marked by desiccation and loss of the foliage of Longleaf pine. The roots may also be affected, resulting in overall weakening and possible death of the plant. The disease can be highly lethal to Longleaf pine if uncontrolled.
Read More
Underwatering dry
Underwatering is a common plant stressor that severely affects the growth, development, and overall health of Longleaf pine. Not getting enough water, it develops symptoms pointing to dehydration and significantly hinders its photosynthetic processes leading to impaired growth.
Read More
Lack of fertilizer
The 'Lack of fertilizer' isn't a disease, but a nutrient deficiency that impacts the Longleaf pine, resulting in stunted growth, yellow discoloration, and poor health of the plant. Appropriate fertilization is vital for the plant's overall wellbeing.
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Feng shui direction
Northwest
The longleaf pine is possibly well-suited for a Northwest-facing location. This alignment is ideal due to its perceived resonation with the metal element, a characteristic associated with this direction in Feng Shui theory. However, the experiences with longleaf pine may differ for individuals, reflecting the fluidity of Feng Shui interpretations.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Longleaf pine

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Arrowroot
Arrowroot
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) is a perennial herb found in rainforest environments. Currently, this species is grown mostly in St. Vincent in the series of Caribbean islands. This plant is commercially viable because the root starch extract is used to make foods, makeup, and glue.
Lipstick plant
Lipstick plant
Lipstick plant (Aeschynanthus pulcher) is an evergreen perennial vine that will grow to 71 cm high. Often called the lipstick plant, its pointy, waxy leaves provide the perfect foliage while brilliant red blossoms emerge from a tubular-shaped bud to look like a tube of lipstick. It blooms from summer through winter with clusters of brilliant red trumpet-shaped flowers. Prefers partial shade in humus-rich, well-drained soil.
Paperplant
Paperplant
The paperplant, commonly grown as an ornamental and houseplant in warm temperate countries, has lustrous leaves with eight lobes resembling a hand. Because the sap from this plant might cause allergies in certain people, it must be handled with caution. This plant will occasionally produce black berries that birds will enjoy.
Plectranthus 'Cerveza 'n Lime'
Plectranthus 'Cerveza 'n Lime'
The entirety of plectranthus 'Cerveza 'n Lime' is covered in fine white tomenta. The plant emits a lovely smell that can linger on your fingers for a while after touching. Its leaves grow thick and compact in a sunlight-ample environment, but when light is insufficient, exhaustive growth will occur and its leaves will flatten. It can be cared for in the open in seasons with mild weather as long as it has proper shade to protect it from scorching sunlight.
Elephant's ear
Elephant's ear
Elephant's ear is an Australian member of the 'Elephant's Ear' family native to the tropical parts of the east coast. Growing to nearly 2 m tall, elephant's ear is a spectacular garden feature for tropical home gardens. Exercise caution, however, as the sap, berries, leaves, and roots are all toxic to mammals.
Surattense Nightshade
Surattense Nightshade
Surattense Nightshade (Solanum virginianum) is an herbaceous flowering plant species also known as Thorny nightshade or yellow-fruit nightshade. Surattense Nightshade is native to India and Nepal. Some parts of this species, like the fruit, are poisonous.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine
Pinus palustris
Also known as: Georgia pine, Hill pine, Heart pine
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Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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Care Guide for Longleaf pine

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Questions About Longleaf pine

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Longleaf pine?
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Key Facts About Longleaf pine

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Attributes of Longleaf pine

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree
Planting Time
Late fall
Harvest Time
Fall
Plant Height
18 m to 37 m
Spread
9 m to 12 m
Leaf Color
Green
White
Silver
Flower Color
Yellow
Purple
Green
Red
Lavender
Burgundy
Gold
Fruit Color
Brown
Purple
Copper
Lavender
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
10 - 35 ℃
Pollinators
Wind
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Larval food
Growth Rate:Rapid
With a rapid growth rate during Spring and Summer, longleaf pine develops substantially, especially in height. This growth spurt is often associated with an increased production of needles, its signature trait. However, longleaf pine's growth slows down in other seasons, retaining energy for the next burst. Its responsiveness to ample sunlight and warm temperatures during the specified seasons aids its speedy development, demonstrating an appropriate adaptation to its native, seasonal environments.
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Symbolism

Scientific Classification of Longleaf pine

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Quickly Identify Longleaf pine

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1
Needles arranged in clusters of three, measuring 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) in length, with serrulate margins.
2
Distinctive orange-brown to reddish-brown bark with thick texture, irregular scales, and scaly appearance.
3
Open, irregular crown with short, stout branches and sparse foliage creating a unique silhouette.
4
Large sexual dimorphic cones; male cones purple-blue, female cones dark purple, notably oversized in eastern North America.
5
Gnarled, twisted stem with rugged texture, starting orange-brown and aging to deeper brown.
Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image Longleaf pine identify image
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Common Pests & Diseases About Longleaf pine

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Common issues for Longleaf pine based on 10 million real cases
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Crown gall
Crown gall is a bacterial disease affecting Longleaf pine. It manifests as abnormal growths or galls on roots and lower stems, impacting the plant's growth and vigor. If untreated, it can lead to plant death.
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Longhorn beetles
Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Solutions: Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control. Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees. Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree. Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees. To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated. Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Learn More About the Longhorn beetles more
Dieback
Dieback Dieback Dieback
There are several possible causes for dieback.
Solutions: There are a few things to try when dieback becomes apparent: Fertilize and water the plants - these two steps, along with judicious pruning, can help reduce the stress on the root system and encourage renewed vigor Have an arborist check to see if plant roots are girdling Test soil pH and adjust accordingly Remove and destroy infected twigs and branches
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Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
Plant dried up
Plant dried up Plant dried up Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Solutions: The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Learn More About the Plant dried up more
Fruit withering
Fruit withering Fruit withering Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Solutions: There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering: Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
Learn More About the Fruit withering more
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Crown gall
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
What is Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
Crown gall is a bacterial disease affecting Longleaf pine. It manifests as abnormal growths or galls on roots and lower stems, impacting the plant's growth and vigor. If untreated, it can lead to plant death.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The majority of crown gall symptoms on Longleaf pine include the appearance of galls or tumors on roots and lower stems. The galls start small but can grow large, hard, and woody over time.
What Causes Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
What Causes Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
1
Bacterium
Crown gall is caused by the bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens that enters the plant through wounds, often caused by pruning or transplanting.
How to Treat Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
How to Treat Crown gall Disease on Longleaf pine?
1
Non pesticide
Removal: If galls can be seen readily, removing infected Longleaf pine and replacing them with disease-free plants can control the disease.
2
Pesticide
Chemical treatment: Application of Agrimycin-100 or Galltrol, can be used for effective control if applied correctly.
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Longhorn beetles
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Longhorn beetles
The longhorn beetle is a medium- to large-sized insect with very long antennae and strong jaws. Both its adult and larval stages gnaw on tree trunks, leaving small, round holes.
Overview
Overview
Longhorn beetles are characterized by extremely long antennae which are often as long as, or longer, than the beetle's body. Adult longhorn beetles vary in size, shape, and coloration, depending upon the species. They may be 6 to 76 mm long. The larvae are worm-like with a wrinkled, white to yellowish body and a brown head.
Longhorn beetles are active throughout the year, but adults are most active in the summer and fall. Larvae feed on wood throughout the year.
Both larvae and adults feed on woody tissue. Some of the most susceptible species include ash, birch, elm, poplar, and willow.
If left untreated, longhorn beetles can kill trees.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Longhorn beetles are attracted to wounded, dying, or freshly-cut hardwood trees. Adults lay their eggs in the spring, summer, and fall on the bark of greenwood. There may be sap around egg-laying sites.
Once the eggs hatch, larvae called round-headed borers burrow into the trunk to feed. They may tunnel for one to three years depending on the wood's nutritional content. As the larvae feed, they release sawdust-like frass at the base of the tree.
Eventually, the larvae turn into pupae and then adults. When the adults emerge, they leave 1 cm holes in the bark on their way out. Adults feed on leaves, bark, and shoots of trees before laying eggs.
After a few years of being fed upon by longhorn beetles, a tree will begin losing leaves. Eventually, it will die.
Solutions
Solutions
Some longhorn beetles species are native insects, and they cause little damage. Therefore, these don't warrant control.
Other longhorn beetles species are invasive pests that were recently introduced from other areas. These species can cause a great deal of damage to hardwood trees.
  • Apply an insecticide containing imidacloprid as a soil injection or trunk injection following product instructions. This will enter into new grow and kill adults who feed on foliage. This will not help save trees that are already infested with large amounts of larvae, but it will save trees located near an infested tree.
  • Contact an arborist for best control practices regarding infected trees.
  • To properly control longhorn beetles, all host plants in a given area must be treated.
  • Contact a local extension agent or state agency. Tracking the spread of longhorn beetles is a key component of their control.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Keeping trees healthy, uninjured, and unstressed will help prevent beetle infestation. Water trees appropriately, giving neither too much nor too little.
  • Check with local tree companies about which tree species have fewer problems.
  • Avoid moving firewood as this can introduce exotic longhorn beetles.
  • Routine spraying of persistent, broad-spectrum insecticides will help prevent re-infestation of previously affected trees or infestation of unaffected trees.
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Dieback
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Dieback
There are several possible causes for dieback.
Overview
Overview
Dealing with dieback in plants can be tricky, in part because this is both the name of a disease itself and a common symptom of many other types of diseases. Dieback can be characterized by the progressive, gradual death of shoots, twigs, roots, and branches, generally starting first at the tips.
In many cases, dieback is caused by fungi or bacteria. These pathogens can produce cankers, wilts, stem or root rots, and even anthracnose, but the most common symptom, of course, is that various plant parts (or the entire plant) will begin to die back.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms of dieback can be gradual or slightly more abrupt. Usually, however, they are slow in developing and tend to be uniform among the various parts of a plant.
Some plants may have more localized symptoms, with all twigs affected or all branches affected but not the rest of the plant. Some potential symptoms include:
  • Dead or dying branches and twigs
  • Dieback that starts in the top of a plant and progresses downward (though it can start lower, especially for conifers)
  • A delayed flush of growth in the spring
  • Leaf margins become scorched
  • Pale green or yellow leaves
  • Leaves that are small or otherwise distorted
  • Early leaf drop
  • Reduced growth of twigs and stems
  • Thinning of crown foliage
  • Production of suckers on trunk and branches
  • Premature fall coloration (in tree species like birch, sweetgum, maple, oak, ash, etc)
The symptoms of dieback can occur within just one season or become worse each and every year.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are several types of dieback, each of which has a different cause with which it is associated.
"dieback" as a standalone issue, including the condition known as Staghead, is caused by fungal or bacterial infections. Staghead is a slow dieback that occurs on the upper branches of a tree, named as such because the dead limbs look much like the head of a stag.
Other causes of dieback symptoms include:
  • Cankers or wilts
  • Stem or root rots
  • Nematodes
  • Stem or root boring insects
  • Pavement being placed over root systems
  • Winter injury from cold
  • Salt damage
  • Lack of moisture (or excess of moisture)
  • Lack of an essential nutrient or element
Trees and shrubs that are attacked by insects, exposed to extremely high or low temperatures, or experience severe and frequent fluctuations in soil moisture are the most likely to suffer from dieback. These stress factors alone or in combination with each other can reduce leaf and shoot growth, and progress into death of twigs and branches.
Although any of these issues can lead to dieback, the most serious consequences tend to occur when the roots of a plant are damaged. Similarly, trees and shrubs that are planted improperly or in unfavorable locations are more likely to develop this condition.
Solutions
Solutions
There are a few things to try when dieback becomes apparent:
  • Fertilize and water the plants - these two steps, along with judicious pruning, can help reduce the stress on the root system and encourage renewed vigor
  • Have an arborist check to see if plant roots are girdling
  • Test soil pH and adjust accordingly
  • Remove and destroy infected twigs and branches
Prevention
Prevention
The best way to prevent dieback is to match the plant to the site. Make sure the conditions provided for a new planting match its needs.
  • Plant properly in deep, fertile well-draining soil
  • Make sure plant roots won’t be confined when the plant reaches its mature size
  • Avoid changes to the growing site
  • If soil compaction might be an issue, apply a few inches of wood chips and eliminate traffic over the root area
  • Fertilize and water appropriately
It is also important to avoid potential infection with pathogens that can cause dieback:
  • Avoid binding or wounding the roots and trunk whenever possible
  • Avoid excessive pruning
  • Disinfect all tools before working with plants to reduce the spread of disease
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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Plant dried up
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Plant dried up
The entire plant may dry out due to dieback or normal seasonal dormancy.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has dried out and turned brown. It might be starting to wilt, with no noticeable green around the stems and leaves. Touch the leaves, and they may crinkle under your fingers.
Possible causes of a dried out plant include:
  1. Not enough water. A lack of water will lead to dry plant tissue.
  2. Too much water. Watering too much can lead to root rot which makes the plant struggle to take up water. Rotted, mushy roots are a sign of overeating.
  3. Entering dormancy. As perennial plants enter their resting period known as dormancy, their leaves dry out and may fall off. This happens during decreasing day length.
  4. Exposure to herbicides and other toxic substances. If a plant is hit with a large dose herbicide or other toxic chemical, the plant will turn brown.
  5. Too much fertility. An excess of fertilizer can prevent plants from taking up water, leading to drying.
  6. Improper sun exposure. Just like humans, plants can get sunburn by intense, direct light. Plants can also dry out if they don’t receive enough light.
To determine whether the plant is still alive and can be saved, you can:
  1. Bend a stem. If the stem is pliable, the plant is still alive. If the stem breaks, the plant is dead.
  2. Gently scratch the stem with your fingernail for signs of green inside. If your plant is dead, the stem will be brittle and brown throughout.
  3. Cut the stems back a little bit a time for visible green growth. If none of the stems have visible green growth, the plant is dead.
Solutions
Solutions
The solution for a dried out plant depends on the cause, so determine the cause before selecting a treatment method.
  1. Adjust your watering: Stick your finger in the soil near the roots. If it feels bone dry or overly saturated, you need to adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
  2. Prune back dead foliage: Snip off any brown stems and leaves on the plant to make space for new growth. This encourages the roots to send up fresh stems.
  3. Move to a proper environment. This may involve decreasing or increasing sun exposure, depending on the species.
  4. Decrease fertilizer applications. If you have applied too much fertilizer, you can repot plants with fresh potting soil.
  5. Wait. If your plant has dried out as daylight is decreasing, it is entering dormancy. Decrease watering and wait until the plant resumes growth.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention involves providing your plant with the proper environment.
  1. Provide the proper amount of water. The amount of water depends on a plant’s size, species, and environment. A general rule is to allow soil to dry out between waterings.
  2. Place plants in the proper environment. Provide the proper hours of sun and temperature for your individual plant.
  3. Provide proper fertility. Most plants only need to be fertilized once or twice a year; don’t overapply.
  4. Keep plants free from toxic substances. Keep herbicides and toxic household chemicals away from your plants.
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Fruit withering
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Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Overview
Overview
Fruit withering is common on many tree fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and plums, as well as fruiting shrubs. It is caused by a fungal pathogen and will result in wrinkled and desiccated fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are the most common symptoms in the order that they are likely to occur.
  1. Both leaves and blossom on the tips of branches will go brown and wither.
  2. Gray powdery patches will appear on infected leaves and flowers, and this will be most apparent after rain.
  3. Any fruit that does appear will turn wrinkled and fail to develop.
  4. Branch tips begin to die, progressing back to larger branches, causing general deterioration of the tree or plant.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The withering is caused by one of two fungal pathogens, one called Monilina laxa and the other called M. fructigen. The spores overwinter on infected plant material and are then spread the following spring by wind, rain, or animal vectors. The problem will start to become noticeable in mid-spring, but will increase in severity as summer progresses and the fungus grows. If not addressed, the disease will intensify and spread to other plants in the vicinity.
Solutions
Solutions
There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering:
  1. Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost.
  2. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventative measures include:
  1. Ensuring adequate spacing between plants or trees.
  2. Staking plants that are prone to tumbling to prevent moisture or humidity build up.
  3. Prune correctly so that there is adequate air movement and remove any dead or diseased branches that may carry spores.
  4. Practice good plant hygiene by removing fallen material and destroying it as soon as possible.
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distribution

Distribution of Longleaf pine

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Habitat of Longleaf pine

Organic matter on sandhills, flats, scrubland, near the coast
Northern Hemisphere
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Distribution Map of Longleaf pine

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Longleaf Pine Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Crown gall
Crown gall is a bacterial disease affecting Longleaf pine. It manifests as abnormal growths or galls on roots and lower stems, impacting the plant's growth and vigor. If untreated, it can lead to plant death.
 detail
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a damaging disease causing severe tissue damage in Longleaf pine. The disease manifests itself through discoloration of leaves and could eventually result in defoliation, leading to debilitating health issues and might even cause the death of the plant.
 detail
flower wilting
Wilting disease severely impacts Longleaf pine, causing rapid discoloration and death, particularly in adult plants. Caused by various biotic and abiotic factors, this disease, highly infectious yet moderately lethal, necessitates prompt control measures for the plant's survival.
 detail
Dieback
Dieback is a detrimental disease affecting the Longleaf pine, resulting in significant plant degradation and often death. The symptoms mainly emerge on the plant's branches and leaves, compromising its growth and overall vigor.
 detail
Plant dried up
Plant dried up' is a disease marked by desiccation and loss of the foliage of Longleaf pine. The roots may also be affected, resulting in overall weakening and possible death of the plant. The disease can be highly lethal to Longleaf pine if uncontrolled.
 detail
Underwatering dry
Underwatering is a common plant stressor that severely affects the growth, development, and overall health of Longleaf pine. Not getting enough water, it develops symptoms pointing to dehydration and significantly hinders its photosynthetic processes leading to impaired growth.
 detail
Lack of fertilizer
The 'Lack of fertilizer' isn't a disease, but a nutrient deficiency that impacts the Longleaf pine, resulting in stunted growth, yellow discoloration, and poor health of the plant. Appropriate fertilization is vital for the plant's overall wellbeing.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
The longleaf pine thrives under full exposure to the sun, but can also endure moderate sunlight. Its original habitat mirrors this, where it thrives in sun-drenched environments. During different growth phases, it consistently demands an ample amount of sun. However, excessive or insufficient light can impede its growth and overall health.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Longleaf pine thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your longleaf pine may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Longleaf pine enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Longleaf pine thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Longleaf pine is native to the southeastern US where temperatures typically range from 50 to 95 ℉ (10 to 35 ℃). It prefers warm temperatures and is adapted to fire-prone, open savanna habitats. In winter, it can withstand short periods of freezing temperatures but generally grows best in areas with mild winters.
Regional wintering strategies
Longleaf pine has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by wrapping the trunk and branches with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Longleaf pine
Longleaf pine is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, the branches may become brittle and dry during springtime, and no new shoots will emerge.
Solutions
In spring, prune away any dead branches that have failed to produce new leaves.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Longleaf pine
During summer, Longleaf pine should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, the tips may become dry and withered, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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