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California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
Bromus carinatus
California brome is one of the most valuable grasses for both humans and animals. This perennial grass is known as an excellent forage material for cattle and horses, and is the common food of grizzly bears and elk. It is also commonly used for soil erosion control due to its strong root system. However, california brome is considered a problematic weed in some areas.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
4 to 8
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plant_info

Key Facts About California brome

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Attributes of California brome

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual, Biennial
Plant Type
Grass
Bloom Time
Late spring, Early summer
Plant Height
40 cm to 50 cm
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
1.5 cm to 3 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Purple
Brown
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer
Pollinators
Wind
Growth Rate:Rapid
In spring and summer, california brome exhibits a rapid growth rate, quickly densely populating open areas with its bright green, lush foliage. This swift progression results in heightened leaf production and extension in stem length. It may spur early blooming with maximum growth typically plateauing by mid-summer, signifying mature plant development within california brome's active season. This seasonal growth variation is an adaptive mechanism enabling california brome to thrive in its native environment.

Scientific Classification of California brome

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distribution

Distribution of California brome

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Habitat of California brome

A variety of open or shaded, dry sites
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of California brome

California brome is a plant species native to the western regions of North America. Over time, it has been introduced to parts of Europe and Asia. Its presence in the introduced ranges suggests adaptation to a variety of temperate climates, though it is not indicated as a widely cultivated species.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
question

Questions About California brome

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What should I do if I water my California brome too much or too little?
Without proper watering, this beautiful ornamental grass will underperform. In the ground, watering issues can be solved, but In a container, too much or too little water will kill California brome in short order. When California brome isn't receiving the right amount of water, it may stop growing. In the case of overwatering, it will begin to display yellow leaves with brown tips. Underwatering can produce drooping leaves, weak seed head production, and browned leaves. If you suspect your California brome has been improperly watered, the first thing to do is figure out if the problem is too much or too little. If your California brome is getting too much water, stop watering it immediately. Sometimes it can take weeks for heavy soils to dry out, so be patient. At the first sign of new growth, test the soil for moisture and decide whether it needs more water or not. The solution for California brome receiving too little water is even simpler: give the grasses a nice, deep drink and see if it perks up.
Bearing all of this in mind, remember that a long, deep watering is always better than a lot of shallow, frequent waterings. The reason for this is that deep watering encourages grasses to grow deep roots, which makes them more drought resistant and less prone to problems from watering.
Read More more
How often should I water my California brome?
The watering needs of California brome will vary depending on where it is planted. Generally, you should water this grass every week. In hot climates, once or twice a week watering in the summer may be necessary. In moderate climates, watering once every seven days or more may be enough. Grass in containers almost always need more frequent watering than grasses in the ground. But with a species such as this that can thrive in full sun or part shade, the location also matters. Shaded grasses need to be watered less frequently than in-ground grasses.
California brome should only be watered when the soil is dry. If you’re unsure when to water, there are a few key signs you can use as your cue. Pressing your finger a couple of inches into the soil will tell you if the soil is dry. For a potted grass, you can weigh the grass with a portable scale to see how light it is, but you can also quickly feel when the pot is light from lack of water. Like many types of grass, the blades may appear folded along their centers and thinner than usual when the roots lack sufficient water. Despite its drought tolerance, regular, deep waterings will reward you with a beautiful color.
In the wild, California brome grows in open scrubland, where it would be subject to extreme heat, loads of bright sun, and intermittent rain. Because this grass is drought resistant, you might expect never to need to water it. But don’t let its hardiness fool you, California brome still needs care and attention. Even though this hardy grass can handle harsh, dry conditions, gardeners agree that it thrives best with consistent water.
When first planted, California brome will need more frequent water until it has established deep roots. For California brome in pots, the soil will dry out quickly, especially if the pot is in hot, direct sun for a large part of the day. Test the soil every 3 to 4 days and water only when it feels dry. California bromeed in the ground generally needs less watering, but that depends on the soil it is grown in. Heavy clay soil holds water for a long time and may feel dry at the surface while still retaining plenty of moisture below the ground. Sandy soils that drain quickly will need to be watered more often.
Read More more
What should I be careful with when I water my California brome in different seasons, climates, or during different growing?
You can often tell if you are watering enough by the rate of growth of your grasses. California brome during the hottest months of the year and has been known to double in size in a year’s time. If the weather is hot and the grass is not growing vigorously, you may need to adjust your watering schedule. In winter, you might be able to get away with watering only once a month, but you will still want to touch the soil to test for moisture.
During a growth cycle (in the warmest months), the grass will need more water than usual. But during winter and cooler months, the need for water will be dramatically reduced. The most important thing to remember about California brome is that the soil it is planted in should always be allowed to dry out completely before adding water.
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More Info on California Brome Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Lighting
Full sun
California brome flourishes under conditions of unabated exposure to the sun, although it can also endure moderate shade. In both its native habitats and landscaped environments, it thrives best under copious solar radiation. With excessive shade, the plant's health may decline, demonstrating a distinct preference for sunlit settings.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 - 38 ℃
California brome is native to areas with temperate climates, where temperatures typically lie within the 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃) range. In summers, it may be necessary to provide shade to curb excessive heat. In winter, frost protection may be required.
Temp for Healthy Growth
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Plants Related to California brome

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Hornwort
Hornwort
Hornwort is an underwater, invasive weed. It emits a substance that inhibits the growth of algae and overtakes other species of underwater plants. However, it is often used in aquariums because it does not have roots. Its fluffy, feathery leaves provide cover for baby fish.
Crimson clover
Crimson clover
Crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) is commonly planted for aesthetic purposes, to prevent soil erosion, or to suppress weeds during a crop field's fallow season. It is also a good source of forage for ruminants like cattle. Care must be taken in garden settings, however, since crimson clover will often overgrow and eliminate other species of plants in locations where it is planted.
Creosote bush
Creosote bush
Creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) is an evergreen, flowering shrub that is named for its fragrant aroma. Creosote bush is said to smell like creosote and is often associated with the smell of rain. Its yellow flowers bloom during spring and throughout the year. This species grows best in full sun and tolerates a variety of soil conditions.
Clary sage
Clary sage
Clary sage (Salvia sclarea) is a shrub that grows around the Mediterranean and in parts of central Asia. It has a long history of cultivation and has been imported to the Americas as well. It flowers with attractive blooms throughout the summer months, and its oil is used as a fragrance. It's also not unusual to find wines and liqueurs flavored with clary sage oils.
Butterbur
Butterbur
Butterbur (Petasites hybridus) is native to the wetlands of Europe and northern Asia. It produces pale pink flower spikes in early spring before its enormous leaves begin to grow. These leaves were once used to wrap and store butter in warm weather. Though they no longer serve that purpose, the common name, "butterbur," has not fallen out of fashion.
Black-eyed susan
Black-eyed susan
The black-eyed susan is a flowering black and yellow plant with curving leaves. It is culturally important in the Southern U.S., and is often used to attract butterflies to gardens. It long ago spread throughout North America and much of the world. Black-eyed susan is the state flower of Maryland and was important in the history of the University of Southern Mississippi.
Poison ivy
Poison ivy
In pop culture, poison ivy is a symbol of an obnoxious weed because, despite its unthreatening looks, it gives a highly unpleasant contact rash to the unfortunate person who touches it. Still, it is commonly eaten by many animals, and the seeds are a favorite with birds. The leaves turn bright red in fall. Its sister species, Western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii), is not considered to be invasive in the United States, but is noxious in Australia and New Zealand.
Pokeweed
Pokeweed
Although its berries look juicy and tempting, the fruits and the root of pokeweed are toxic and should not be eaten. Pokeweed is considered a pest species by farmers but is nevertheless often grown as an ornamental plant. Its berries can be made into pokeberry ink as well.
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Distribution
Care FAQ
More About How-Tos
Related Plants
California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
California brome
Bromus carinatus
California brome is one of the most valuable grasses for both humans and animals. This perennial grass is known as an excellent forage material for cattle and horses, and is the common food of grizzly bears and elk. It is also commonly used for soil erosion control due to its strong root system. However, california brome is considered a problematic weed in some areas.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
4 to 8
more
plant_info

Key Facts About California brome

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of California brome

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual, Biennial
Plant Type
Grass
Bloom Time
Late spring, Early summer
Plant Height
40 cm to 50 cm
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
1.5 cm to 3 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Purple
Brown
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring, Summer
Pollinators
Wind
Growth Rate:Rapid
In spring and summer, california brome exhibits a rapid growth rate, quickly densely populating open areas with its bright green, lush foliage. This swift progression results in heightened leaf production and extension in stem length. It may spur early blooming with maximum growth typically plateauing by mid-summer, signifying mature plant development within california brome's active season. This seasonal growth variation is an adaptive mechanism enabling california brome to thrive in its native environment.
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Scientific Classification of California brome

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distribution

Distribution of California brome

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Habitat of California brome

A variety of open or shaded, dry sites
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of California brome

California brome is a plant species native to the western regions of North America. Over time, it has been introduced to parts of Europe and Asia. Its presence in the introduced ranges suggests adaptation to a variety of temperate climates, though it is not indicated as a widely cultivated species.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About California brome

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What should I do if I water my California brome too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my California brome?
more
What should I be careful with when I water my California brome in different seasons, climates, or during different growing?
more
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More Info on California Brome Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Plants Related to California brome

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Feedback
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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80+ scholars in botany and gardening
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Lighting
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
California brome flourishes under conditions of unabated exposure to the sun, although it can also endure moderate shade. In both its native habitats and landscaped environments, it thrives best under copious solar radiation. With excessive shade, the plant's health may decline, demonstrating a distinct preference for sunlit settings.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
California brome thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your California brome may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
California brome enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
California brome thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
California brome is native to areas with temperate climates, where temperatures typically lie within the 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃) range. In summers, it may be necessary to provide shade to curb excessive heat. In winter, frost protection may be required.
Regional wintering strategies
California brome has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in California brome
California brome is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in California brome
During summer, California brome should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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