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Care Guide
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Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Guizotia abyssinica
Also known as : Niger seed, Inga seed, Noog
Niger (Guizotia abyssinica) is an annual shrub grown for its edible oil and seeds which resemble small black sunflower seeds. Attracts birds and the seeds are used worldwide in commercial bird seed. The oil extracted from the seeds has a light nutty flavor. Yellow flowers bloom from summer to fall. Prefers sun to partial shade.
Planting Time
Planting Time
Early spring
care guide

Care Guide for Niger

Watering Care
Watering Care
Drought-tolerant. Allow the soil to dry completely between watering.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Neutral, Slightly alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
What Are the Lighting Requirements for Niger?
What Are the Lighting Requirements for Niger?
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements What Are the Lighting Requirements for Niger?
What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Niger?
What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Niger?
7 to 9
Details on Temperature What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Niger?
What is the Best Time to Planting Niger?
What is the Best Time to Planting Niger?
Early spring
Details on Planting Time What is the Best Time to Planting Niger?
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Niger
Water
Water
Every week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Planting Time
Planting Time
Early spring
question

Questions About Niger

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Niger?
To water Niger, you can use a garden hose with a spray nozzle, a watering can, or just about any other common watering tool. Generally, Niger is not too picky about how they receive their water, as they can live off of rainwater, tap water, or filtered water. Often, you should try not to water this plant from overhead, as doing so can damage the leaves and flowers and may lead to disease as well. At times, the best method for watering this plant is to set up a drip irrigation system. These systems work well for Niger as they apply water evenly and directly to the soil. For one Niger that grows in a container, you can use a similar watering approach while changing the tools you use. To water a container-grown Niger, use a cup, watering can, or your tap to apply water directly to the soil.
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What should I do if I water my Niger too much or too little?
The remedy for underwatering Niger is somewhat obvious. When you notice that your plant lacks moisture, simply begin watering it on a more regular basis. The issue of overwatering can be a much more dire situation, especially if you fail to notice it early. When your Niger is overwatered, it may contract diseases that lead to its decline and death. The best way to prevent this outcome is to choose a proper growing location, one that receives plenty of sunlight to help dry the soil and has good enough drainage to allow excess water to drain rather than pooling and causing waterlogged soils. If you overwater your Niger that lives in a pot, you may need to consider changing it to a new pot. Your previous container may not have contained soil with good drainage or may not have had sufficient drainage holes. As you repot your overwatered Niger, make sure to add loose soils and to use a pot that drains efficiently.
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How often should I water my Niger?
Niger needs water regularly throughout the growing season. Beginning in spring, you should plan to water this plant about once per week. As the season presses on and grows warmer, you may need to increase your watering rate to about two to three times per week. Exceeding at this rate can be detrimental to your Niger. With that said, you should also ensure that the soil in which your Niger grows remains relatively moist but not wet, regardless of how often you must water to make that the case. Watering Niger that lives in a pot is a bit different. Generally, you'll need to increase your watering frequency, as the soil in a pot can heat up and dry out a bit faster than ground soil. As such, you should plan to water a container-grown Niger a few times per week in most cases, versus just once per week for an in-ground plant.
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How much water does my Niger need?
There are a few different ways you can go about determining how much water to give to your Niger. Some gardeners choose to pick their water volume based on feeling the soil for moisture. That method suggests that you should water until you feel that the first six inches of soil have become moist. Alternatively, you can use a set measurement to determine how much to water your Niger. Typically, you should give your Niger about two gallons of water per week, depending on how hot it is and how quickly the soil becomes dry. However, following strict guidelines like that can lead to overwatering if your plant requires less than two gallons per week for whatever reason. When growing Niger in a container, you will need to use a different method to determine how much water to supply. Typically, you should give enough water to moisten all of the layers of soil that have become dry. To test if that is the case, you can simply stick your finger in the soil to feel for moisture. You can also water the soil until you notice a slight trickle of excess water exiting the drainage holes of your pot.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Niger enough?
It can be somewhat difficult to avoid overwatering your Niger. On the one hand, these plants have relatively deep roots that require you to moisten the soil weekly. On the other hand, Niger are plants that are incredibly susceptible to root rot. Along with root rot, your Niger may also experience browning as a result of overwatering. Underwatering is far less likely for your Niger as these plants can survive for a while in the absence of supplemental watering. However, if you go too long without giving this plant water, it will likely begin to wilt. You may also notice dry leaves.
Read More more
How should I water my Niger through the seasons?
You can expect your Niger’s water needs to increase as the season moves on. During spring, you should water about once per week. Then, as the summer heat arrives, you will likely need to give a bit more water to your Niger, at times increasing to about three times per week. This is especially true of Niger that grow in containers, as the soil in a container is far more likely to dry out faster than ground soil when the weather is warm. In autumn, while your Niger is still in bloom, it may need a bit less water as the temperature has likely declined, and the sun is no longer as strong as it was in summer.
Read More more
How should I water my Niger at different growth stages?
Niger will move through several different growth stages throughout the year, some of which may require more water than others. For example, you will probably start your Niger as a seed. While the seed germinates, you should plant to give more water than your Niger will need later in life, watering often enough to maintain consistent soil moisture. After a few weeks, your Niger will grow above the soil and may need slightly less water than at the seedling phase. Then, once this plant is mature, you can begin to use the regular watering frequency of about once per week. As flower development takes place, you may need to give slightly more water to aid the process.
Read More more
What's the difference between watering Niger indoors and outdoors?
There are several reasons why most Niger grow outdoors rather than indoors. The first is that these plants typically grow to tall. The second reason is that Niger needs more daily sunlight than most indoor growing locations can provide. If you are able to provide a suitable indoor growing location, you may find that you need to give your Niger water a bit more often than you would in an outdoor growing location. Part of the reason for this is that indoor growing locations tend to be a lot drier than outdoor ones due to HVAC units. The other reason for this is that soil in containers can dry out relatively quickly as well compared to soil in the ground.
Read More more
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plant_info

Key Facts About Niger

Attributes of Niger

Lifespan
Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Early spring
Bloom Time
Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Summer, Early fall
Plant Height
1.2 m to 1.8 m
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
1.5 cm to 2 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Pollinators
Bees

Scientific Classification of Niger

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Niger

Common issues for Niger based on 10 million real cases
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Solutions: Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
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Caterpillars
plant poor
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
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Leaf beetles
plant poor
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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Sap-sucking insects
plant poor
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has developed tiny yellowish spots scattered across the leaves that look like mold or mildew. If these marks won't wipe off, they are likely caused by sap-sucking insects like aphids, squash bugs, scale bugs, leafhoppers, whiteflies, mites, mealybugs, and more.
Each of these pests uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. Signs of damage are difficult to spot at first, but a large infestation can quickly compromise the whole plant. You're most likely to see sap-sucking insects during the hottest months because plants make easier targets when already weakened from heat or drought.
Though sap-sucking insects are unlikely to kill your plant on their own, they can severely weaken it and make it more susceptible to disease. They may also spread viruses from one plant to another as they feed.
Solutions
Solutions
Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it.
  1. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find.
  2. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray.
  3. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
Prevention
Prevention
Healthy plants are less likely to suffer from sap-sucker attacks. Keep them fortified with fertilizer and the right amounts of water and sunlight. Plants that receive excess nitrogen are also more susceptible to attack, so don’t overfertilize. You should also remove weeds and tall grasses surrounding your outdoor plants so as not to create habitat space for the pests.
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distribution

Distribution of Niger

Habitat of Niger

Tips and waste ground
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Niger

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Niger Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Explore More
Lighting
Full sun
Niger craves intense sun exposure for best flowering and robust development. It can endure moderate light situations, like the dappled light underneath a tree canopy. However, lack or excess of sunlight may weaken its resistance, leading to reduced vigor and compromised health. Originally thriving in areas with plenty of sun exposure, this plant has adapted to handle substantial light, mimicking its native environment.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 38 ℃
Niger is indigenous to areas with a temperature between 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). This plant tolerates a wide temperature range, but grows optimally within this band. Adjustments for seasonal changes could include move to warmer areas in cooler seasons.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
2-3 feet
The perfect season for niger's transplantation is between season one (S1) and season two (S2), due to optimal growth conditions. Ideal locations are well-draining with plenty of sun exposure. When transplanting, always ensure minimal root disturbance. Remember, niger's transplant success is determined by careful handling and suitable environmental conditions.
Transplant Techniques
Pollination
Normal
Buzzing bees find irresistible attraction in the vibrant flowers of niger, bustling about as primary pollinators. Niger's pollination method showcases an intricate dance between nature's agents, utilizing bee's love for its nectar and pollen. The ideal timing is daylight hours when bees are most active. This masterful pollination mechanism ensures the continuation of the niger's lifecycle, epitomizing the perfect synchronicity of nature.
Pollination Techniques
Feng shui direction
South
Niger resonates well with South-facing environments. The plant's vitality is believed to stimulate the fiery energy associated with South in Feng Shui. However, interpretations vary and the energetics of the environment should always be evaluated with care.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Niger

Swedish ivy
Swedish ivy
Swedish ivy (Plectranthus verticillatus) is a plant species that is also referred to as whorled Plectranthus, creeping Charlie, and Swedish Begonia. The common name swedish ivy is a misnomer because this plant is not native to Sweden, is not a true ivy plant, and does not grow along walls.
Tea rose
Tea rose
The first tea rose was created in 1867 by Jean-Baptiste André Guillot, who operated his father's nursery in Lyon from the age of 14. The tea rose did not become popular until the Rosa hybrida was cultivated at the beginning of the 1900s in France.
Wingpod purslane
Wingpod purslane
Wingpod purslane (Portulaca umbraticola) is a succulent annual plant or short-lived perennial that will grow to 15 cm tall and 61 cm wide. Its flowers vary in color from orange to red to pink. Flowers attract butterflies, bees and moths. Thrives in full sun with regular moisture and well-drained soil. Trim back when it becomes untidy to encourage new growth and flowers.
Queen's wreath
Queen's wreath
Queen's wreath (Petrea volubilis) is an evergreen flowering vine that is native to Central America and is grown in gardens around the world for its ornamental properties. In late spring and early summer, it produces star-like purple flowers. The scientific genus name honors Lord Robert James Petre, a 17th-century British horticulturist.
Moss rose
Moss rose
Moss rose is an ornamental flowering semi-succulent plant native to South America. Gardeners can cultivate this easy-to-grow plant in annual flowerbeds, in containers, or in hanging baskets because of its trailing habit. Different cultivars have been selected and propagated for achieving striking variations in color, shape, and petal number of the flowers.
Sulfur cosmos
Sulfur cosmos
Sulfur cosmos (Cosmos sulphureus) is an annual flowering plant native to Mexico, Central America, and South America. Though widely used as an ornamental plant, sulfur cosmos is considered an invasive species in the United States. It attracts bees and butterflies, including the notable monarch butterfly.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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About
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Related Plants
Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Niger
Guizotia abyssinica
Also known as: Niger seed, Inga seed, Noog
Niger (Guizotia abyssinica) is an annual shrub grown for its edible oil and seeds which resemble small black sunflower seeds. Attracts birds and the seeds are used worldwide in commercial bird seed. The oil extracted from the seeds has a light nutty flavor. Yellow flowers bloom from summer to fall. Prefers sun to partial shade.
Planting Time
Planting Time
Early spring
question

Questions About Niger

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Niger?
more
What should I do if I water my Niger too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Niger?
more
How much water does my Niger need?
more
How can I tell if i'm watering my Niger enough?
more
How should I water my Niger through the seasons?
more
How should I water my Niger at different growth stages?
more
What's the difference between watering Niger indoors and outdoors?
more
icon
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Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
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close
plant_info

Key Facts About Niger

Attributes of Niger

Lifespan
Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Early spring
Bloom Time
Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Summer, Early fall
Plant Height
1.2 m to 1.8 m
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
1.5 cm to 2 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Pollinators
Bees
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Scientific Classification of Niger

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Niger

Common issues for Niger based on 10 million real cases
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Learn More About the Caterpillars more
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Learn More About the Leaf beetles more
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects Sap-sucking insects Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Solutions: Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
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Caterpillars
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Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention may require less effort than attempts to eradicate infestations that have already begun. Here are our top steps for prevention:
  1. Monitor plants. Check plants regularly for caterpillar eggs on leaves. If they do not belong to an endangered species, they should be squished.
  2. Use insect netting. Cover plants with insect netting to prevent butterflies and moths from laying eggs on plants.
  3. Apply diatomaceous earth. Apply DE to plants early in the season and reapply after rain.
  4. Encourage plant diversity. This will attract predatory insects including parasitic wasps.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
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Sap-sucking insects
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Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has developed tiny yellowish spots scattered across the leaves that look like mold or mildew. If these marks won't wipe off, they are likely caused by sap-sucking insects like aphids, squash bugs, scale bugs, leafhoppers, whiteflies, mites, mealybugs, and more.
Each of these pests uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. Signs of damage are difficult to spot at first, but a large infestation can quickly compromise the whole plant. You're most likely to see sap-sucking insects during the hottest months because plants make easier targets when already weakened from heat or drought.
Though sap-sucking insects are unlikely to kill your plant on their own, they can severely weaken it and make it more susceptible to disease. They may also spread viruses from one plant to another as they feed.
Solutions
Solutions
Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it.
  1. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find.
  2. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray.
  3. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
Prevention
Prevention
Healthy plants are less likely to suffer from sap-sucker attacks. Keep them fortified with fertilizer and the right amounts of water and sunlight. Plants that receive excess nitrogen are also more susceptible to attack, so don’t overfertilize. You should also remove weeds and tall grasses surrounding your outdoor plants so as not to create habitat space for the pests.
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distribution

Distribution of Niger

Habitat of Niger

Tips and waste ground
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Niger

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
plant_info

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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Niger craves intense sun exposure for best flowering and robust development. It can endure moderate light situations, like the dappled light underneath a tree canopy. However, lack or excess of sunlight may weaken its resistance, leading to reduced vigor and compromised health. Originally thriving in areas with plenty of sun exposure, this plant has adapted to handle substantial light, mimicking its native environment.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Niger, a plant that thrives in full sunlight, is commonly grown outdoors with ample sunlight. When cultivated indoors with inadequate light, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your niger may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Niger enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Niger thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Niger is indigenous to areas with a temperature between 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). This plant tolerates a wide temperature range, but grows optimally within this band. Adjustments for seasonal changes could include move to warmer areas in cooler seasons.
Regional wintering strategies
Niger has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Niger is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
High Temperature
During summer, Niger should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Niger?
The perfect season for niger's transplantation is between season one (S1) and season two (S2), due to optimal growth conditions. Ideal locations are well-draining with plenty of sun exposure. When transplanting, always ensure minimal root disturbance. Remember, niger's transplant success is determined by careful handling and suitable environmental conditions.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Niger?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Niger?
The sweet spot for transplanting niger lies in the span between late winter and early spring, S1-S2. This timeframe allows niger to establish robust roots before the growing season. By choosing this period, you're giving your plant the best chance to thrive, since it gets enough time to acclimate before the intense growing period. Enhancing your garden with niger during this period will surely add a splash of vibrant greenery, offering both aesthetic appeal and ecological benefits. Remember, a little pre-transplant care can go a long way in ensuring a healthy life for your niger.
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Niger Plants?
When transplanting your niger, ensure there is ample space for each plant to grow and bloom. Keep a distance of about 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) between each plant. This allows plenty of room for sunlight and nutrients to reach!
What is the Best Soil Mix for Niger Transplanting?
For niger, it's important to prepare the soil well. A fast-draining soil with added compost or manure would be ideal. Also, start with a base fertilizer - a balanced 10-10-10 ratio works well for niger.
Where Should You Relocate Your Niger?
Your niger loves the sunlight. Find a spot in your garden that gets direct sun for at least 6-8 hours a day. This will ensure your niger grows strong and blossoms beautifully!
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Niger?
Gardening Gloves
These will protect your hands while working with soil and the niger plant.
Garden Trowel
This small hand tool is perfect for digging small holes and removing plants from pots or trays.
Gardening Spade
This will be needed to dig the hole in your garden where the niger plant will be transplanted.
Watering Can
Necessary to water the niger plant before and after transplanting.
Mulch
This helps to keep soil moisture and keeps the roots of the niger plant cool.
Hand Pruners
These may be required to trim any excess or damaged parts of the niger plant before transplanting.
How Do You Remove Niger from the Soil?
From Ground: First, water the niger plant to dampen the soil. Using the garden spade, dig a wide trench around the plant, ensuring the plant's root ball remains intact. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
From Pot: Begin by watering the pot well so that the soil is damp and the root ball holds together. Flip the pot upside down and gently tap the edges until the niger plant slides out. Handle the plant by the root ball and not by the stem.
From Seedling Tray: For seedlings, simply push up from the base of the tray to lift the niger plant. Handle the seedling by its leaves to avoid damaging the stem or root system.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Niger
Step1 Surveying the Spot
The ideal location for the niger should have adequate drainage, as water-logged conditions can harm the plant.
Step2 Digging
Using the spade, dig a hole that is twice as wide and the same depth as the root ball.
Step3 Placement
Ensure the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface when placed in the hole. Backfill with soil and firm around the base to secure the plant.
Step4 Watering
Water well using the watering can after transplanting the niger.
Step5 Mulching
Apply a layer of mulch around the niger to help retain soil moisture and regulate soil temperature.
How Do You Care For Niger After Transplanting?
Watering
For the first few weeks, keep the soil around the niger consistently moist, but not soggy, to establish strong roots.
Pruning
Remove any dead or dying leaves to promote new growth and keep the plant healthy.
Protection
Keep an eye out for insects and pests that may harm the niger and take necessary action.
Feeding
After a month, consider a balanced liquid feed to give the plant a nutrient boost, as long as it is not already provided in your soil mix.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Niger Transplantation.
When is the perfect time for transplanting niger?
Ideal transplanting time for niger is during Season1 and Season2. This period will give it enough growing time.
What should the spacing be when transplanting niger?
In order to allow niger enough room to grow, maintain a spacing of roughly 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) between each plant.
What could be causing wilting in my newly transplanted niger?
Wilting could be due to stress from transplanting. Water it regularly and keep it under partial shade for the first few days.
Can niger be transplanted directly into the garden?
Certainly! But harden it off first to prevent shock. Slowly adjust niger to outdoor conditions over 7-10 days before transplanting.
Why are my transplanted niger looking stunted?
Niger could be stunted due to compacted soil, which affects root growth. Loosen the soil and provide ample watering.
Why do the leaves of my niger turn yellow after transplanting?
Yellowing leaves could signal overwatering or lack of nutrients. Be sure to provide well-drained soil and avoid applying excess water.
Should I feed niger right after transplanting them?
Wait 2-3 weeks before feeding newly transplanted niger to prevent burning the roots. Use a slow-release fertilizer for the best result.
How can I prevent my niger from going into shock after transplantation?
Try to transplant niger on a cloudy day or in the late afternoon. This will reduce water loss and stress, preventing transplant shock.
Why does my niger not thrive despite following transplantation guidelines?
Check for pests or diseases, as these can hamper growth. Also, ensure niger isn't exposed to extreme conditions which can potentially stress it.
What's the best soil mix for transplanting niger?
Niger thrives in well-draining, fertile soil. Consider a mix that includes compost or well-rotted manure to provide the necessary nutrients.
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