Botanical name: Haworthia
Botanical name: Haworthia
Haworthias comprise an endemic southern African genus of small succulent plants. The vast majority of species have interesting shapes and color patterns. this trait makes haworthias popular houseplants and gift plants. The genus was named after the 18th and 19th-century British botanist, Adrian Haworth.
Species of Haworthias
*haworthia Pygmaea* is a slow-growing species endemic to South Africa's Western Cape. *Haworthia pygmaea* grows best in cultivation mediums like clay and pumice. This species requires regular watering. In the wild, this species grows with the plant's body mostly underground, and only the leaves are visible at the soil's surface.
Each haworthia triebnet leaf is crystalline, with straight green streaks. Leaf margins are finely serrated, with the leaf tips being finely pubescent. The haworthia triebnet doesn't require lots of light, making it suitable for planting indoors, or on a north-facing balcony. If exposed to too much direct sunlight for too long, the color of the leaves turns a dull gray.
Cooper's haworthia (Haworthia cooperi) is a succulent species that grows in dense clusters. Cooper's haworthia is valued as an ornamental species for its uniquely shaped leaves and is also called Cushion Aloe. As a houseplant, this species grows best in bright, indirect light and requires infrequent watering. Cooper's haworthia originates in South Africa, where it is endemic to the Eastern Cape.
Haworthia silver swirls
The Haworthia cooperi 'Variegata' is a variegated succulent with white variegation. Its leaves have translucent 'windows' at the top, and most of their veins are white, blending in with a few green veins that make it look special. The Haworthia cooperi 'Variegata' likes bright and gentle sunlight, and can be planted by a bright window. However, when light levels are low, its leaves are prone to varying in length, making it a variety that's quite difficult to maintain in wonderful shape.
The variegata is a variegated succulent variety of the Cathedral window haworthia. Its leaves have white variegation and the tips of its leaves are as transparent as a windowpane. The variegata prefers environments with soft light and high humidity. Sensitive to bright light, the plant can lose its luster easily, turning from emerald green to gray.
Zebra plant 'Big Band'
The white markings of zebra plant 'Big Band' protrude from its green, fleshy leaves and are much more prominent than its ancestral plant, Haworthiopsis fasciata. "Big Band" likely reflects this unique characteristic, as its coloration is what plant enthusiasts most adore about it.
Star cactus (Haworthia retusa) is an evergreen succulent perennial that will grow to 51 cm tall. It has dark-green triangular leaves with light-green stripes. The leaves form a rosette from which the flower stalk emerges in late spring to early summer. The 51 cm long flower stalk produces clusters of small white tubular-shaped flowers. Thrives in partial shade with bright, indirect light. Avoid extended periods in full sun.
Zebra plant leaves are dark green with white-banded stripes, much like those on zebras. The leaves also have a hard texture. Zebra plant is often potted as an indoor plant. With beautifully-shaped pots, it is suitable for decorating tables, coffee tables, or window sills.
The fairy washboard (Haworthia limifolia) earns its fanciful common name from its leaves, which are ridged and resemble an old-fashioned washboard for laundry. These leaves grow in a rosette pattern. Fairy washboard is native to southeastern Africa but is often cultivated as a houseplant. It produces small, tubular clusters of unremarkable white flowers.
The horse's teeth has a peculiar appearance, looking a little like an unfurled green feather fan. When viewed from above, its leaves are arranged in a one-line pattern. The windows at the tops of the leaves are translucent, and some varieties are also patterned. Its roots are succulent, which means that they could rot from frequent watering.
Tulista kingiana (Haworthia kingiana) is an endangered evergreen succulent indigenous to South Africa. Tulista kingiana is a prized horticultural species that is considered slow-growing. This species lives for a longer period of time that other related succulents, and can be propagated by cuttings. Like many succulents, it grows best in well-drained soil to prevent root rot.
Haworthia pilifera (Haworthia cooperi var. pilifera) is a plant species endemic to eastern South Africa. Haworthia pilifera can be differentiated from related species that grow in the same geographical region because it grows on lowland plains while other Haworthia grow on cliffs. This species is cultivated as an ornamental houseplant. It should be watered whenever the first few inches of potting soil dry out.
Haworthia cooperi var. truncata
Haworthia cooperi var. truncata is a stemless succulent with leaves that feature see-through, window-like tips. This plant grows mostly underground, with only its window-like tip visible. Its blue-green leaves turn scarlet when exposed to too much sunlight or not enough water.
Maughan's haworthia (Haworthia truncata var. maughanii) is an indigenous South African succulent valued as an ornamental species for its uniquely-shaped leaves. When growing in the wild, maughan's haworthia is protected from grazing herbivores because the majority of the plant grows underground, with only its leaves visible and level with the soil's surface. This species grows best in cultivation if grown in gritty, sandy, well-draining soils to prevent root rot.
Haworthia Emelyae var. Comptoniana
Haworthia Emelyae var. Comptoniana (Haworthia emelyae var. comptoniana) is a succulent species valued as an ornamental potted species for its distinct leaf shape. Unlike some other succulents, haworthia Emelyae var. Comptoniana should be protected from direct sunlight and requires regular watering in cultivation. This species can withstand light frost, but not heavy frost. Haworthia Emelyae var. Comptoniana grows in South Africa, but is rarely observed in the wild.
Cathedral window haworthia
Cathedral window haworthia is commonly used as an ornamental plant, either indoors or out. It grows in small clusters of daughter-plant clones. The latter part of its scientific name, Haworthia cymbiformis, means “boat-shaped” in reference to the fleshy leaves that curl into a point toward the center of each rosette.
Haworthia coarctata is a slow-growing flowering succulent native to South Africa. Haworthia coarctata has been naturalized in Mexico and is commonly cultivated as an ornamental species. This species grows best in rock gardens in warm climates if the soil is allowed to dry completely after watering.
These succulents from South Africa grow slowly, but can live for forty years with proper care. The pointed, dark-green leaves grow in rosettes reminiscent of a dwarf Aloe. The pearl plant is characterized by pearl-like white tubercles. These pearls grow best in indirect, bright sunlight.
The back of a zebra wart leaf has multiple ring-like stripes made of white particles, just like the stripes of a zebra. When light is sufficient, its leaves grow close together, with their tips curving slightly inwards, looking like the claws of an eagle. It is slow-growing, shade- and drought-tolerant, and is often placed indoors as an ornamental foliage plant. Easy to care for, the zebra wart doesn't change much, even if it's not exposed to sunlight for a long time.
Care Guide for Haworthias
OrderAsparagus and allies