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Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex (Ilex)
The plants known as ilex include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of ilex whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
info

Key Facts About Ilex

Attributes of Ilex

Plant Height
25 m
Spread
15 m
Leaf type
Evergreen

Scientific Classification of Ilex

distribution

Distribution of Ilex

Distribution Map of Ilex

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Ilex

how to grow and care
Ilex is a versatile plant genus requiring moderate care. They thrive in well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. Ideally, a neutral to slightly acidic pH suits ilex best. Watering needs are moderate and regular, adapting to the plant's tolerance to dry spells. Common challenges include common pests like scale, spider mites, whitefly and diseases like leaf spot and root rot. Ilex is hardy but may require protection against winter winds. Seasonal pruning can enhance vitality and shape.
More Info About Caring for Ilex
species

Exploring the Ilex Plants

8 most common species:
Ilex aquifolium
Common holly
Common holly (Ilex aquifolium) is an evergreen tree or shrub, recognized by the characteristic shape of its leaves and bright red berries. Its natural habitat is understories of oak and beech forests. Common holly is widely used in landscaping in temperate regions. Thick crown and prickly leaves make this plant excellent for hedges.
Ilex opaca
American holly
Ilex opaca, commonly known as american holly, is a medium-sized evergreen tree, commonly found in southeastern areas of North America as an understory tree in humid forests. Its bright red fruits are poisonous to humans but are a very important source of food for numerous species of birds.
Ilex rotunda
Kurogane holly
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) is one of the most attractive hollies and is an evergreen that will grow to 15 m tall. Native to Japan it has been growing in the United States for some 200 years. It blooms in spring with bright red berries ripening in fall to winter offering a stunning display for winter.
Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon
Yaupon is a small tree or large shrub native to the southeastern United States. It is known for its small, evergreen leaves and its small, white flowers that bloom in the spring. The tree produces small, black berries that are favored by a variety of birds. In the garden, yaupon is often used as a hedge or border plant due to its dense growth habit and its ability to tolerate trimming. In addition to its practical uses in the garden, yaupon has a long history of use by Native American tribes, who used the plant for medicinal purposes and as a source of caffeine. The leaves of the plant can be brewed into a tea that is similar in flavor to black tea.
Ilex crenata
Japanese holly
Japanese holly (Ilex crenata) is an evergreen shrub native to China, Japan, and Korea. Japanese holly is a flowering plant, and its flowers transition into berries during summer. This plant is popularly planted as an ornamental shrub and can be grown as a Bonsai tree.
Ilex cornuta
Chinese holly
Chinese holly (Ilex cornuta) is an evergreen shrub native to China and Korea. The chinese holly is often grown ornamentally in gardens and is considered easy to grow and maintain. The chinese holly bears fruits that are thought to be superior to other holly species.
Ilex glabra
Inkberry
Inkberry (Ilex glabra) is a species native to the eastern United States. Inkberry is valued for its flavorful floral blossoms which are used as commercial ingredients in honey. Its leaves can be turned into a tea which is popular in East Asia.
Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry
Common winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is a berry species commonly grown in eastern gardens within the United States. Common winterberry is valued for its ability to grow in temperate climates and the colors it provides as an ornamental plant. The common winterberry is also called Michigan holly.

All Species of Ilex

Common holly
Ilex aquifolium
Common holly
Common holly (Ilex aquifolium) is an evergreen tree or shrub, recognized by the characteristic shape of its leaves and bright red berries. Its natural habitat is understories of oak and beech forests. Common holly is widely used in landscaping in temperate regions. Thick crown and prickly leaves make this plant excellent for hedges.
American holly
Ilex opaca
American holly
Ilex opaca, commonly known as american holly, is a medium-sized evergreen tree, commonly found in southeastern areas of North America as an understory tree in humid forests. Its bright red fruits are poisonous to humans but are a very important source of food for numerous species of birds.
Kurogane holly
Ilex rotunda
Kurogane holly
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) is one of the most attractive hollies and is an evergreen that will grow to 15 m tall. Native to Japan it has been growing in the United States for some 200 years. It blooms in spring with bright red berries ripening in fall to winter offering a stunning display for winter.
Yaupon
Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon
Yaupon is a small tree or large shrub native to the southeastern United States. It is known for its small, evergreen leaves and its small, white flowers that bloom in the spring. The tree produces small, black berries that are favored by a variety of birds. In the garden, yaupon is often used as a hedge or border plant due to its dense growth habit and its ability to tolerate trimming. In addition to its practical uses in the garden, yaupon has a long history of use by Native American tribes, who used the plant for medicinal purposes and as a source of caffeine. The leaves of the plant can be brewed into a tea that is similar in flavor to black tea.
Japanese holly
Ilex crenata
Japanese holly
Japanese holly (Ilex crenata) is an evergreen shrub native to China, Japan, and Korea. Japanese holly is a flowering plant, and its flowers transition into berries during summer. This plant is popularly planted as an ornamental shrub and can be grown as a Bonsai tree.
Chinese holly
Ilex cornuta
Chinese holly
Chinese holly (Ilex cornuta) is an evergreen shrub native to China and Korea. The chinese holly is often grown ornamentally in gardens and is considered easy to grow and maintain. The chinese holly bears fruits that are thought to be superior to other holly species.
Inkberry
Ilex glabra
Inkberry
Inkberry (Ilex glabra) is a species native to the eastern United States. Inkberry is valued for its flavorful floral blossoms which are used as commercial ingredients in honey. Its leaves can be turned into a tea which is popular in East Asia.
Common winterberry
Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry
Common winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is a berry species commonly grown in eastern gardens within the United States. Common winterberry is valued for its ability to grow in temperate climates and the colors it provides as an ornamental plant. The common winterberry is also called Michigan holly.
Possumhaw
Ilex decidua
Possumhaw
Possumhaw is a deciduous shrub that can grow to tree-like dimensions in the right conditions. The leaves are a dark green and the fruits are red, shiny, and round with a diameter of 4 to 8 mm. Only female plants produce these berries.
Mochi tree
Ilex integra
Mochi tree
The mochi tree tree is a hermaphrodite ornamental tree native to Asia. The bark is used in birdlime, while the young leaves are gathered in the wild for local food use. In some cultures, the mochi tree is also planted as a sacred tree.
Peach-leaf holly
Ilex chinensis
Peach-leaf holly
Peach-leaf holly is easily recognizable for its 12 m plus height and showy flowers that make it a popular ornamental tree. It is also grown for its bright-colored berries in the fall and winter. The plant is also an important food source for bees and wildlife.
Mountain holly
Ilex mucronata
Mountain holly
Mountain holly (Ilex mucronata) is a deciduous shrub related to other forms of holly. It serves as a host for Columbia silkmoth caterpillars. Grows around swamps and bogs in eastern North America. Iconic red berries appear in late summer or early fall and attract birds.
Large gallberry
Ilex coriacea
Large gallberry
The large gallberry is an understory plant found in coastal plains, swamps, and woodlands. It is an important nectar source for bees to produce light-colored honey. The plant is also used to protect watersheds and stabilize the soil.
Buerger holly
Ilex buergeri
Buerger holly
The plants known as buerger holly include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of buerger holly whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Mate
Ilex paraguariensis
Mate
Yerba mate, or Ilex paraguariensis, begins as a shrub and then matures to a tree and can grow up to 15 metres tall. The leaves are evergreen, 8 to 109 mm long and 3 to 6 cm wide, with a serrated margin. The leaves are often called yerba (Spanish) or erva (Portuguese), both of which mean "herb".
Holly 'Golden King'
Ilex × altaclerensis 'Golden King'
Holly 'Golden King'
With green leaves variegated with gold, holly 'Golden King' truly is a golden ruler. However, it is not a king as it is a female variety of Ilex × altaclerensis that blooms white flowers in spring and summer followed by red berries in autumn and winter. Ilex × altaclerensis is the result of crossing Ilex aquifolium and Ilex perado. This cross is the reason why this hybrid has beautiful green and gold variegated foliage.
Holly 'Blue Princess'
Ilex × meserveae 'Blue Princess'
Holly 'Blue Princess'
The plants known as holly 'Blue Princess' include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of holly 'Blue Princess' whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Common holly 'Madame Briot'
Ilex aquifolium 'Madame Briot'
Common holly 'Madame Briot'
A holly variety distinguished by its purple stems and variegated green and cream coloration, common holly 'Madame Briot' produces small white flowers and bright red berries. The variety is named for its connection with Charles Briot, a French grower.
Common holly 'Ferox'
Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox'
Common holly 'Ferox'
Common holly 'Ferox' is a Common holly cultivar with deep green leaves, edged cream-white, and covered with spines not only on their edges but also on their upper surface. The name was derived from the Latin word "Ferox" which means warlike and refers to the spiny character of the plant.
Common holly 'Ferox Argentea'
Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea'
Common holly 'Ferox Argentea'
With unique variegated spiked leaves, the common holly 'Ferox Argentea' is a sterile male holly cultivar, properly named the "hedgehog holly". Gardeners keep the plant for hedges and foundations, or as a mixed shrub border; however, this cultivar can become invasive. This cultivar offers winter interest with red berries in the fall and white flowers in the spring which provides gardeners with a visually appealing evergreen shrub.
Common holly 'Watereriana'
Ilex aquifolium 'Watereriana'
Common holly 'Watereriana'
Common holly 'Watereriana' has smooth leaves with edges and blotches of yellow. As such, they're more colorful (as well as being softer and thinner) than the plant's parentage, Ilex aquifolium. The evergreen foliage gives year-round color and it makes a good low-maintenance security hedge if need be.
Japanese holly 'Brass Buckle'
Ilex crenata 'Brass Buckle'
Japanese holly 'Brass Buckle'
Japanese holly 'Brass Buckle' is a golden leafed, brass-colored, variety of Japanese holly. This cultivar was developed and registered by Proven Winners and its glossy yellow leaves are much more striking than the subdued green colored leaves of its parent plant. Japanese holly 'Brass Buckle' is a popular evergreen shrub among gardeners, commonly used as an edging plant.
Common holly 'Golden Queen'
Ilex aquifolium 'Golden Queen'
Common holly 'Golden Queen'
Common holly 'Golden Queen' is a variegated cultivar of the Common holy. While the parent plant has solid dark green leaves, this cultivar was bred to have larger and more attractive leaves that are distinguished by their prominent golden-yellow margins. Common holly 'Golden Queen' is a male cultivar.
Common winterberry 'Red Sprite'
Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite'
Common winterberry 'Red Sprite'
Common winterberry 'Red Sprite' is a common Winterberry, a member of the holly family that produces a striking abundance of bright red berries in the fall and winter seasons. This particularly abundant fruition sets it apart from its parent plant and explains its name. Common winterberry 'Red Sprite' grows to a height of 1.5 m, so it's much smaller than the original plant. Gardeners favor it as it's hardy and grows well in colder climates.
Common holly 'Handsworth New Silver'
Ilex aquifolium 'Handsworth New Silver'
Common holly 'Handsworth New Silver'
Common holly 'Handsworth New Silver' is cultivated from Common holly in the Aquifoliaceae family. It is named 'Handsworth New Silver' due to the white outer marking on the leaves which give it a silvery appearance. It was also cultivated for its purple shoots. The young shoots provide a bit of color in the garden, so it's a popular choice for gardeners.
Downy holly
Ilex pubescens
Downy holly
The plants known as downy holly include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of downy holly whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Burford
Ilex ficoidea
Burford
The plants known as burford include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of burford whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Holly 'Hodginsii'
Ilex × altaclerensis 'Hodginsii'
Holly 'Hodginsii'
The plants known as holly 'Hodginsii' include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of holly 'Hodginsii' whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Holly 'Sunny Foster'
Ilex × attenuata 'Sunny Foster'
Holly 'Sunny Foster'
Given the "Holly of the Year" award in 2006, holly 'Sunny Foster' is highly popular, and it's easy to see why. With bronze leaves that turn yellow in summertime, and red berries that grace the plant during fall, holly 'Sunny Foster' boasts a year-round display. This Holly cultivar is a sport of Ilex x attenuata "Fosteri".
Common holly 'J.C. van Tol'
Ilex aquifolium 'J.C. van Tol'
Common holly 'J.C. van Tol'
Common holly 'J.C. van Tol' is also known as smooth-leaved common holly. This variant was created for its small, dark green, glossy leaves which are densely-packed on the plant. It is a small cultivar which reaches a maximum height of just 3 to 7 meters. Because of these traits, it is popular with gardeners for making hedges and borders.
Common holly 'Argentea Marginata'
Ilex aquifolium 'Argentea Marginata'
Common holly 'Argentea Marginata'
Common holly 'Argentea Marginata', which translates to "gold edges," is a variant of common or English holly. It is named for the leaf patterning, which is green with yellowy margins. With an adult size of 12 m, it can be grown as a tree or kept small as a shrub. It is enjoyed for its decorative leaves and versatility in gardens.
Common holly 'Pyramidalis Fructu Luteo'
Ilex aquifolium 'Pyramidalis Fructu Luteo'
Common holly 'Pyramidalis Fructu Luteo'
Common holly 'Pyramidalis Fructu Luteo' is a self-fertilizing evergreen shrub similar to the pyramidal holly, but it produces yellow berries instead of red berries that appear through winter. The name comes from the conical shape and the fruit it bears. Most people add this holly cultivar to their garden for ornamental purposes, and its large size can serve as a privacy border.
Common holly 'Silver Queen'
Ilex aquifolium 'Silver Queen'
Common holly 'Silver Queen'
Common holly 'Silver Queen' gets its elegant name from the crisp silvery-white edges of its leaves. The berries are bright orange-red, and the cultivar is therefore popular for its striking appearance which is archetypal of winter foliage. This cultivar is small and grows slowly, so it is often enjoyed in pots and in small gardens.
Common holly 'Myrtifolia Aurea Maculata'
Ilex aquifolium 'Myrtifolia Aurea Maculata'
Common holly 'Myrtifolia Aurea Maculata'
Common holly 'Myrtifolia Aurea Maculata' means "gold stained" in Latin. It's a good description of the variegated green and green-gold leaves of this hybrid holly. By contrast, the parent plant has plain dark-green leaves. This hybrid has received the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. It is a popular ornamental garden shrub.
Japanese holly 'Golden Gem'
Ilex crenata 'Golden Gem'
Japanese holly 'Golden Gem'
The plants known as japanese holly 'Golden Gem' include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of japanese holly 'Golden Gem' whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Inkberry 'Shamrock'
Ilex glabra 'Shamrock'
Inkberry 'Shamrock'
Originally cultivated from Ilex glabra, inkberry 'Shamrock' is a more compact and less leggy hybrid than its parent. It's a female plant that, without a male, can't produce the characteristic blue berries that make it so popular among gardeners and birds alike. The reason for its name is still ambiguous.
Common holly 'Amber'
Ilex aquifolium 'Amber'
Common holly 'Amber'
Common holly 'Amber' is a holly hybrid introduced by Hillier Nurseries, UK, sometime before 1955. It differs from the common holly by boasting striking apricot-orange to coral-orange berries. This is where the name "amber" comes from. Also, the green glossy leaves are larger than average. The variety remained relatively unknown for decades, but seems to have grown in popularity since 2000s.
Common winterberry 'Winter Gold'
Ilex verticillata 'Winter Gold'
Common winterberry 'Winter Gold'
Common winterberry 'Winter Gold' (Ilex verticillata 'Winter Gold') is a shorter female cultivar of winterberry (Ilex verticillata) named for the orange-yellow berries it produces throughout the winter months and into spring; these berries attract many species of birds but the tree as a whole is not popular among gardeners as other cultivars have more attractive and prominent flowers.
Common holly 'Green Pillar'
Ilex aquifolium 'Green Pillar'
Common holly 'Green Pillar'
Common holly 'Green Pillar' is a Common holly cultivar, selected not so much for its visual characteristics but its reliability and cold-hardiness. It is also prized as a slow-growing and robust Common holly cultivar, with a strongly columnar growth form, which makes it a perfect hedge plant.
Common winterberry 'Wildfire'
Ilex verticillata 'Wildfire'
Common winterberry 'Wildfire'
Common winterberry 'Wildfire' is a much-loved cultivar of winterberry, known also as feverbark, black alder or swamp winterberry. This variant produces small white flowers followed by red berries. The contrast between these and the green foliage is truly delightful. This is a female plant, which needs a male cultivar in order to fertilize it and make berries.
Common holly 'Golden Milkboy'
Ilex aquifolium 'Golden Milkboy'
Common holly 'Golden Milkboy'
Common holly 'Golden Milkboy' is a holly cultivar unique for its gorgeous green foliage that is splashed with gold (for which it is named). It is much shorter than its parent plant, reaching only 6 m instead of 25 m. Unlike other Common holly varieties, common holly 'Golden Milkboy' does not produce berries.
Holly 'Belgica Aurea'
Ilex × altaclerensis 'Belgica Aurea'
Holly 'Belgica Aurea'
A hardy, robust holly cultivar, holly 'Belgica Aurea' produces larger clusters of berries and leaves than a typical holly plant, making this variety of holly particularly festive for the holiday season. Its bushy growth habit makes it a popular plant for hedging and screening among gardeners.
Rough-leaved holly
Ilex asprella
Rough-leaved holly
Ilex asprella, also known as rough-leaved holly and plum-leaved holly, is a deciduous shrub native in South East Asia. Ilex asprella is one of the few deciduous species in the family Aquifoliaceae.
Bioritsu holly
Ilex bioritsensis
Bioritsu holly
The plants known as bioritsu holly include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of bioritsu holly whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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About
Key Facts
Distribution
How To Care
All Species
More Genus
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
Ilex
The plants known as ilex include both evergreen and deciduous trees. Long associated with Christmas, certain cultivars of ilex whose berries ripen in winter are used in floral and natural decorations. The contrast of bright red berries against dark, glossy, pointed leaves create a festive appearance. Birds and other animals are attracted to the berries, which provide important nutrients during the colder months. The berries are considered toxic to humans, however.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
info

Key Facts About Ilex

Attributes of Ilex

Plant Height
25 m
Spread
15 m
Leaf type
Evergreen

Scientific Classification of Ilex

distribution

Distribution of Ilex

Distribution Map of Ilex

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Ilex

Ilex is a versatile plant genus requiring moderate care. They thrive in well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. Ideally, a neutral to slightly acidic pH suits ilex best. Watering needs are moderate and regular, adapting to the plant's tolerance to dry spells. Common challenges include common pests like scale, spider mites, whitefly and diseases like leaf spot and root rot. Ilex is hardy but may require protection against winter winds. Seasonal pruning can enhance vitality and shape.
More Info About Caring for Ilex
species

Exploring the Ilex Plants

8 most common species:
Ilex aquifolium
Common holly
Common holly (Ilex aquifolium) is an evergreen tree or shrub, recognized by the characteristic shape of its leaves and bright red berries. Its natural habitat is understories of oak and beech forests. Common holly is widely used in landscaping in temperate regions. Thick crown and prickly leaves make this plant excellent for hedges.
Ilex opaca
American holly
Ilex opaca, commonly known as american holly, is a medium-sized evergreen tree, commonly found in southeastern areas of North America as an understory tree in humid forests. Its bright red fruits are poisonous to humans but are a very important source of food for numerous species of birds.
Ilex rotunda
Kurogane holly
Kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda) is one of the most attractive hollies and is an evergreen that will grow to 15 m tall. Native to Japan it has been growing in the United States for some 200 years. It blooms in spring with bright red berries ripening in fall to winter offering a stunning display for winter.
Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon
Yaupon is a small tree or large shrub native to the southeastern United States. It is known for its small, evergreen leaves and its small, white flowers that bloom in the spring. The tree produces small, black berries that are favored by a variety of birds. In the garden, yaupon is often used as a hedge or border plant due to its dense growth habit and its ability to tolerate trimming. In addition to its practical uses in the garden, yaupon has a long history of use by Native American tribes, who used the plant for medicinal purposes and as a source of caffeine. The leaves of the plant can be brewed into a tea that is similar in flavor to black tea.
Show More Species

All Species of Ilex

popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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