Botanical name: Meliaceae
Botanical name: Meliaceae
Species of Mahogany
Trichilia is a flowering plant genus. These plants are particularly diverse in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America.
Cedrela are tropical evergreen or dry-season deciduous trees. Many species are important timber trees, with the light, insect-resistant wood used for many purposes such as outdoor construction, cigar boxes, and guitar necks. The intense exploitation has earned some species a Vulnerable or Endangered conservation status.
Cipadessa is a monotypic genus. It is a small shrub with only 5 m tall. Leaves compound, imparipinnate; lamina elliptic, apex acute to acuminate; base acute, cuneate or attenuate with entire margin. Flowers are white colored and show axillary panicles inflorescence. Fruit is a globose drupe with 5 pyrenes. The species is endemic to Western Ghats of India and Sri Lanka.
Azadirachta are a very small genus that has highly economically valuable member species providing insecticide and timber. These plants have many beneficial applications in agriculture and veterinary medicine. Azadirachta are vigorous, fast-growing evergreen trees that can adapt to a range of climates. Members of this genus may be mistaken for members of the Melia genus.
Lansium is a genus of plants in the family Meliaceae, containing one and possibly more species.
The melia (Melia) are a small group of deciduous small to medium-sized trees in the mahogany family. Like other mahoganies, some melia—especially the Chinaberry (M. azedarach)—are harvested for their wood, which is of rich color and can be used in fine crafting and furniture-making. But melia aren't just used for their timber. Some are planted ornamentally, bearing handsome flowers which often attract pollinators. Many of those same species leaves are also used as fodder for livestock in some places, especially east Africa.
Carapa is a genus of flowering plants in the mahogany family, Meliaceae. These are trees up to 30 m tall occurring in tropical South America, Central America, and Africa. They have light brown seeds.
Heynea is a genus of trees in the family Meliaceae. Their range is in East and Southeast Asia. The leaves are spirally arranged. Flowers feature four or five petals. Fruits are one or two-seeded. As of spring 2014 The Plant List recognises 2 accepted species.
Their range is from India and tropical China, throughout Malesia and south to New South Wales and Vanuatu. Flowers are usually unisexual, rarely bisexual, with a cup-shaped calyx. Fruits are one or two-seeded.
Swietenia is a genus of trees. They are medium-sized to large trees growing to 20 to 45 m tall, and up to 2 m trunk diameter. The leaves are pinnate, with 3-6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet absent. The leaves are deciduous to semi-evergreen. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with five white to greenish-yellowish petals. The fruit is a pear-shaped five-valved capsule, containing numerous winged seeds. It is usually taken to consist of three species, geographically separated. It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia.
Turraea is a genus of plants in the family Meliaceae, native throughout of Old World Tropics. It contains approximately 70 species.
It includes two or three species of mangroves, native to coastal mangrove forests of the Western and Central Indo-Pacific, from eastern Africa to Tonga.
Aphanamixis is a genus of trees or shrubs in the family Meliaceae.
Chinese Perfume Plant
Chukrasia is a deciduous tree. It has only one species. It is native to Asia, and also introduced to many western countries. The trees are tall with a cylindrical bole and spreading crown. Chukrasia leaves are abruptly pinnate or bipinnate with leaflets that alternate or are subopposite, entire and unequal at the base. The erect, oblong flowers, which are rather large and born in terminal panicles, possess four to five petals. Mature fruits are a septifragally three to five valved capsule.
Dysoxylum is a flowering plant genus of trees and shrubs from the mahogany family, Meliaceae. Botanical science has recorded about eighty species in this genus, growing widely across the regions of Malesia, the western Pacific ocean, Australia and south & southeastern Asia; centred on the tropics between the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Khaya (Khaya) are hardwood timber trees native to Africa. These trees are highly valued for their wood, and are widely used to produce plywood, furniture, and boats. However, their widespread use has depleted their numbers, and according to the IUCN Red List, these species are reported as “Vulnerable”.
The genus nymania has only one species. It is a spare, scrubby, woody shrub or small tree, typically ) 50 to 300 cm tall. It is endemic to South Africa and some closely bordering territories, especially inland regions in central, northern and eastern parts. The leaves are alternate and fascicled. They are simple and more or less linear. The flowers are solitary, born on pedicels in axils. The fruit is an inflated membranous capsule, bright, colourful, each locule forming a distinct lobe. The ripe seeds are hard and rounded.