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Plantain
Plantain
Plantain
Plantain
Plantain (Plantaginaceae)
species

Exploring the Plantain Plants

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8 most common species:
Linaria
wild snapdragon
Wild snapdragon are a large group of flowering plants in the plantain family. They were given the name "Toadflax" for their flax-like leaves. Several wild snapdragon are cultivated as ornamentals, sporting showy and colorful flowers. However, some plants develop a weedy habit, and species become invasive in non-native habitats. Many species within the genus also serve as an important food source for moths, butterflies, and other insects.
Lophospermum
Lophospermum
Limnophila
Marshweeds
Marshweeds are annual or perennial herbs. Plants of the genus vary in form, from erect to prostrate, and with branching or unbranched stems. Submerged leaves are whorled; aerial leaves are whorled or oppositely arranged. The leaves are lance-shaped or pinnate, and the blades have smooth or serrated edges. The sepals are arranged in a tubular calyx, and the corolla is tubular or funnel-shaped. The corolla has a lower lip with three lobes and an upper lip that is unlobed or double-lobed. There are about 40 species in the genus. It is distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.
Wulfenia
Wulfenia
Erinus
Erinus
Erinus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, native to stony mountainous sites in North Africa and southern Europe.
Sibthorpia
Sibthorpia
Angelonia
Angelonia
They are herbaceous plants. The flowers of angelonia has hairs in the inner corolla. This genus includes about 30 species. It occurs from Mexico to Argentina. Angelonia occurs mainly in arid and semi-arid habitats.
Pseudorontium
Pseudorontium

All Species of Plantain

wild snapdragon
Linaria
wild snapdragon
Wild snapdragon are a large group of flowering plants in the plantain family. They were given the name "Toadflax" for their flax-like leaves. Several wild snapdragon are cultivated as ornamentals, sporting showy and colorful flowers. However, some plants develop a weedy habit, and species become invasive in non-native habitats. Many species within the genus also serve as an important food source for moths, butterflies, and other insects.
Lophospermum
Lophospermum
Lophospermum
Marshweeds
Limnophila
Marshweeds
Marshweeds are annual or perennial herbs. Plants of the genus vary in form, from erect to prostrate, and with branching or unbranched stems. Submerged leaves are whorled; aerial leaves are whorled or oppositely arranged. The leaves are lance-shaped or pinnate, and the blades have smooth or serrated edges. The sepals are arranged in a tubular calyx, and the corolla is tubular or funnel-shaped. The corolla has a lower lip with three lobes and an upper lip that is unlobed or double-lobed. There are about 40 species in the genus. It is distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.
Wulfenia
Wulfenia
Wulfenia
Erinus
Erinus
Erinus
Erinus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, native to stony mountainous sites in North Africa and southern Europe.
Sibthorpia
Sibthorpia
Sibthorpia
Angelonia
Angelonia
Angelonia
They are herbaceous plants. The flowers of angelonia has hairs in the inner corolla. This genus includes about 30 species. It occurs from Mexico to Argentina. Angelonia occurs mainly in arid and semi-arid habitats.
Pseudorontium
Pseudorontium
Pseudorontium
Stemodia
Stemodia
Stemodia
The genus stemodia comprises approximately 40 species of annual and perennial herbs and shrubs which are distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia and the Americas.
Asarina
Asarina
Asarina
Asarina is a flowering plant genus of only one species, which is native to southern Europe.
Dopatrium
Dopatrium
Dopatrium
Veronicastrum
Veronicastrum
Veronicastrum
Veronicastrum are a rather common ornamental flower. Their upright spikes of white (or sometimes pink) flowers add elegance and shape to many home gardens during the summer months. Interestingly, the leaves grow directly from the stem since the stem doesn't have any branches. Veronicastrum's leaves are the only food source for the Culver's root borer moth larvae.
Water-Starwort
Callitriche
Water-Starwort
Water-Starwort are water-dwelling herbs that grow natively in North and South America. Some do not grow in the water while others can handle varying levels of soggy or dryness. Scientists believe that planting some of them in rivers may be useful for treating pollution. The plants can accumulate toxic metals, thus removing them from the surrounding water.
Penstemon
Penstemon
Penstemon
Penstemon attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The shape of the flower is perfect for long-beaked birds. Their tolerance of drought also makes them good options in areas where irrigation is not frequent. The largest collection of penstemon can be seen at the Arboretum at Flagstaff, Arizona, and they grow well in the southwestern climate.
Gambelia
Gambelia
Gambelia
Paederota
Paederota
Paederota
Adenosma
Adenosma
Adenosma
Mare's tails
Hippuris
Mare's tails
Mare's tails are aquatic plants found in shallow ponds and streams. It includes one to three species depending on taxonomic interpretation.
Toadflax
Nuttallanthus
Toadflax
Toadflax are a small genus of New World flowering herbs that tend to be self-fertilizing, and are sometimes found for sale in nurseries as ornamentals. Some species are essential food plants for bumblebees, as they bloom very early, feeding the bees during the relatively barren early spring.
Tonella
Tonella
Tonella
Lagotis
Lagotis
Lagotis
Speedwells
Veronica
Speedwells
Speedwells are a large and diverse group of flowering plants in the plantain family that are found in a wide variety of habitats. While some species have lovely blooms that make them attractive groundcover, other species are considered pesky weeds. Speedwells also fill important ecological roles, providing a food source for a wide variety of butterflies, moths, and other insects.
Foxgloves
Digitalis
Foxgloves
Foxgloves (Digitalis) get their name from the shape of their flowers - they resemble the paws of foxes and other small animals and were first named way back in 1542. In folklore, picking the flower is seen as offensive to nymphs and fairies of the forest, though this was mainly just a way to keep children from plucking the toxic plants.
Russelia
Russelia
Russelia
Russelia is a flowering plant native to Central America, including Cuba and Mexico. Most of the species are shrubs, often with small red, cream, or pink tubular flowers. Birds and insects are attracted to the flowers' nectar. Many russelia are used in gardens as ornamentals in containers and baskets, while some are planted for their thick foliage, which can hide unsightly fences and walls.
Chelone
Chelone
Chelone
Chelone are attractive herbaceous plants native to North America. Their unique hooded flowers resemble the shape of a turtle's head. These eye-catching plants are slow-spreading ornamentals, ideal for shaded and moist woodland gardens. Greek Mythology mentions Chelone, the outcast nymph who transformed into a turtle with a house on her back.
Cancerworts
Kickxia
Cancerworts
The distinctive capsule-like fruit of cancerworts aids in the identification of these annual herbs, which are a key food source for the Hymenia Perspectalis moth. These plants are often found in arable land with light soil. The Latin name Kickxia is to honor the Belgian botanist Jean Jacques Kickx.
Fonkia
Fonkia
Fonkia
Globularia
Globularia
Globularia
Globularia is a genus of about 22 species of flowering plants , native to central and southern Europe, Macaronesia, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. They are dense low evergreen mat-forming perennials or subshrubs, with leathery oval leaves. The flowers are produced in dense inflorescences (capitula) held above the plant on a 1 to 30 cm tall stem; the capitula has numerous tightly packed purple, violet, pink or white flowers.
Achetaria
Achetaria
Achetaria
Scoparia
Scoparia
Scoparia
Scoparia can be found in warm climates all over the world, with many species native to tropical parts of the Americas. It is related to plantains. A few varieties are available from nurseries as ornamentals.
Plantains
Plantago
Plantains
Plantains are a diverse, and widely distributed group of flowering plants. Though they may have the name "Plantain," they are unrelated to culinary plantains. Plantains tend to have large rosettes of leaves, but their wind-pollinated flowers are neither large nor showy. As a result, few are cultivated for ornamental purposes. They are found in many habitats worldwide but are often considered weeds.
Dwarf snapdragons
Chaenorhinum
Dwarf snapdragons
Dwarf snapdragons is a genus consisting of four species of annual and perennial herbs native to Turkey and the Mediterranean, where they thrive in dry stony areas and scree. The leaves are linear to oblong or rounded, opposite at the base. The flowers resemble snapdragons, being typically zygomorphic, hooded, lobed and spurred. They are borne in terminal racemes or singly in the leaf axils of the branching stems.
Woodland Beardtongue
Nothochelone
Woodland Beardtongue
Woodland Beardtongue are perennial herbs native to North America that have several large tubular flowers of varying hues from rose to purple. Dry rocky soils are where they thrive; and they often dwell in woodlands and on damp rocky slopes. Summer are the best months for seeing these beautiful flowers.
Tetranema
Tetranema
Tetranema
Conobea
Conobea
Conobea
Water Hyssop
Bacopa
Water Hyssop
Water Hyssop are found in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, but have a particular abundance in the Americas. Some species are cultivated in aquariums and ponds – they are tolerant of many conditions and are considered easy to grow. However, with a tendency toward weedy growth, they should never be dumped into natural waterways.
hishimodoki
Trapella
hishimodoki
Axilflower
Mecardonia
Axilflower
Axilflower grow throughout North and South America. They are popularly sold as ornamental plants due to their attractive and profuse blooms that resembles a colorful carpet when planted. They are most popularly planted along the edges of garden beds and in landscaping borders. In the wild, they grow in moist environments and grow to above-average heights for similar types of plants.
Ellisiophyllum
Ellisiophyllum
Ellisiophyllum
Snapdragons
Misopates
Snapdragons
Snapdragons (Misopates) produces flowers that range in color from blue to purple or pink to red and grow fruits that are shaped like a weasel's snout. Native to Europe, Asia, and tropical Africa, these species are normally found in wet areas, disturbed areas, or terrestrial habitats. They are sometimes considered weedy.
Snowlover
Chionophila
Snowlover
Ourisia
Ourisia
Ourisia
Anarrhinum
Anarrhinum
Anarrhinum
Gratiola
Gratiola
Gratiola
Blue eyed Marys
Collinsia
Blue eyed Marys
The hardy or half-hardy annuals of blue eyed Marys are prized for the exotically beautiful summer-time blooms that they produce, making them popular with gardeners. Blue eyed Marys have sweet nectar, which attracts many pollinators, and generally do not have any major disease or pest issues. It is said that they resemble Chinese-style pagodas, which was how they were named "Chinese houses."
Aragoa
Aragoa
Aragoa
Schistophragma
Schistophragma
Schistophragma
Scrofella
Scrofella
Scrofella
Maurandya
Maurandya
Maurandya
Keckiellas
Keckiella
Keckiellas
Native to the American southwest, keckiellas are adapted to very dry growing conditions. These flowering evergreen or semi-evergreen subshrubs produce attractive red or yellow flowers, similar to those of snapdragon (Antirrhinum spp.). The genus name—*Keckiella—*was given in honor of David D. Keck, an American botanist.
Rhodochiton
Rhodochiton
Rhodochiton
Hemiphragma
Hemiphragma
Hemiphragma
Cymbalaria
Cymbalaria
Cymbalaria
Cymbalaria are flowering perennial herbs native to southern Europe. They are known for creating a very low and dense ground cover and can even grow as climbers on rocks, walls, or artificial supports. Some cymbalaria have thus become popular garden plants and have spread beyond their native range in other warm temperate regions.
Snapdragons
Antirrhinum
Snapdragons
Snapdragons are a diverse, hardy group of flowering plants in the plantain family. These plants are so-named because their showy flowers are said to resemble the partially opened mouth of a dragon. Many snapdragons do well during cold seasons, making them popular ornamentals when it is too cold for most other plants to bloom.
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More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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More Genus
Plantain
Plantain
Plantain
Plantain
Plantain
Plantain
Plantain
Plantaginaceae
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species

Exploring the Plantain Plants

feedback
Feedback
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8 most common species:
Linaria
wild snapdragon
Wild snapdragon are a large group of flowering plants in the plantain family. They were given the name "Toadflax" for their flax-like leaves. Several wild snapdragon are cultivated as ornamentals, sporting showy and colorful flowers. However, some plants develop a weedy habit, and species become invasive in non-native habitats. Many species within the genus also serve as an important food source for moths, butterflies, and other insects.
Lophospermum
Lophospermum
Limnophila
Marshweeds
Marshweeds are annual or perennial herbs. Plants of the genus vary in form, from erect to prostrate, and with branching or unbranched stems. Submerged leaves are whorled; aerial leaves are whorled or oppositely arranged. The leaves are lance-shaped or pinnate, and the blades have smooth or serrated edges. The sepals are arranged in a tubular calyx, and the corolla is tubular or funnel-shaped. The corolla has a lower lip with three lobes and an upper lip that is unlobed or double-lobed. There are about 40 species in the genus. It is distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.
Wulfenia
Wulfenia
Show More Species

All Species of Plantain

popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
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80+ scholars in botany and gardening
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