Botanical name: Plantaginaceae
Botanical name: Plantaginaceae
Species of Plantain
Speedwells are a large and diverse group of flowering plants in the plantain family that are found in a wide variety of habitats. While some species have lovely blooms that make them attractive groundcover, other species are considered pesky weeds. Speedwells also fill important ecological roles, providing a food source for a wide variety of butterflies, moths, and other insects.
They are herbaceous plants. The flowers of angelonia has hairs in the inner corolla. This genus includes about 30 species. It occurs from Mexico to Argentina. Angelonia occurs mainly in arid and semi-arid habitats.
Foxgloves (Digitalis) get their name from the shape of their flowers - they resemble the paws of foxes and other small animals and were first named way back in 1542. In folklore, picking the flower is seen as offensive to nymphs and fairies of the forest, though this was mainly just a way to keep children from plucking the toxic plants.
Penstemon attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The shape of the flower is perfect for long-beaked birds. Their tolerance of drought also makes them good options in areas where irrigation is not frequent. The largest collection of penstemon can be seen at the Arboretum at Flagstaff, Arizona, and they grow well in the southwestern climate.
Asarina is a flowering plant genus of only one species, which is native to southern Europe.
Mare's tails are aquatic plants found in shallow ponds and streams. It includes one to three species depending on taxonomic interpretation.
Wild snapdragon are a large group of flowering plants in the plantain family. They were given the name "Toadflax" for their flax-like leaves. Several wild snapdragon are cultivated as ornamentals, sporting showy and colorful flowers. However, some plants develop a weedy habit, and species become invasive in non-native habitats. Many species within the genus also serve as an important food source for moths, butterflies, and other insects.
The genus stemodia comprises approximately 40 species of annual and perennial herbs and shrubs which are distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia and the Americas.
Veronicastrum are a rather common ornamental flower. Their upright spikes of white (or sometimes pink) flowers add elegance and shape to many home gardens during the summer months. Interestingly, the leaves grow directly from the stem since the stem doesn't have any branches. Veronicastrum's leaves are the only food source for the Culver's root borer moth larvae.
Erinus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, native to stony mountainous sites in North Africa and southern Europe.
Marshweeds are annual or perennial herbs. Plants of the genus vary in form, from erect to prostrate, and with branching or unbranched stems. Submerged leaves are whorled; aerial leaves are whorled or oppositely arranged. The leaves are lance-shaped or pinnate, and the blades have smooth or serrated edges. The sepals are arranged in a tubular calyx, and the corolla is tubular or funnel-shaped. The corolla has a lower lip with three lobes and an upper lip that is unlobed or double-lobed. There are about 40 species in the genus. It is distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.
Water-Starwort are water-dwelling herbs that grow natively in North and South America. Some do not grow in the water while others can handle varying levels of soggy or dryness. Scientists believe that planting some of them in rivers may be useful for treating pollution. The plants can accumulate toxic metals, thus removing them from the surrounding water.
Toadflax are a small genus of New World flowering herbs that tend to be self-fertilizing, and are sometimes found for sale in nurseries as ornamentals. Some species are essential food plants for bumblebees, as they bloom very early, feeding the bees during the relatively barren early spring.
Russelia is a flowering plant native to Central America, including Cuba and Mexico. Most of the species are shrubs, often with small red, cream, or pink tubular flowers. Birds and insects are attracted to the flowers' nectar. Many russelia are used in gardens as ornamentals in containers and baskets, while some are planted for their thick foliage, which can hide unsightly fences and walls.
Native to the American southwest, keckiellas are adapted to very dry growing conditions. These flowering evergreen or semi-evergreen subshrubs produce attractive red or yellow flowers, similar to those of snapdragon (Antirrhinum spp.). The genus name—*Keckiella—*was given in honor of David D. Keck, an American botanist.
Water Hyssop are found in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, but have a particular abundance in the Americas. Some species are cultivated in aquariums and ponds – they are tolerant of many conditions and are considered easy to grow. However, with a tendency toward weedy growth, they should never be dumped into natural waterways.
Chelone are attractive herbaceous plants native to North America. Their unique hooded flowers resemble the shape of a turtle's head. These eye-catching plants are slow-spreading ornamentals, ideal for shaded and moist woodland gardens. Greek Mythology mentions Chelone, the outcast nymph who transformed into a turtle with a house on her back.
The distinctive capsule-like fruit of cancerworts aids in the identification of these annual herbs, which are a key food source for the Hymenia Perspectalis moth. These plants are often found in arable land with light soil. The Latin name Kickxia is to honor the Belgian botanist Jean Jacques Kickx.
Woodland Beardtongue are perennial herbs native to North America that have several large tubular flowers of varying hues from rose to purple. Dry rocky soils are where they thrive; and they often dwell in woodlands and on damp rocky slopes. Summer are the best months for seeing these beautiful flowers.
Axilflower grow throughout North and South America. They are popularly sold as ornamental plants due to their attractive and profuse blooms that resembles a colorful carpet when planted. They are most popularly planted along the edges of garden beds and in landscaping borders. In the wild, they grow in moist environments and grow to above-average heights for similar types of plants.
Snapdragons are a diverse, hardy group of flowering plants in the plantain family. These plants are so-named because their showy flowers are said to resemble the partially opened mouth of a dragon. Many snapdragons do well during cold seasons, making them popular ornamentals when it is too cold for most other plants to bloom.
Globularia is a genus of about 22 species of flowering plants , native to central and southern Europe, Macaronesia, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. They are dense low evergreen mat-forming perennials or subshrubs, with leathery oval leaves. The flowers are produced in dense inflorescences (capitula) held above the plant on a 1 to 30 cm tall stem; the capitula has numerous tightly packed purple, violet, pink or white flowers.
Plantains are a diverse, and widely distributed group of flowering plants. Though they may have the name "Plantain," they are unrelated to culinary plantains. Plantains tend to have large rosettes of leaves, but their wind-pollinated flowers are neither large nor showy. As a result, few are cultivated for ornamental purposes. They are found in many habitats worldwide but are often considered weeds.
Dwarf snapdragons is a genus consisting of four species of annual and perennial herbs native to Turkey and the Mediterranean, where they thrive in dry stony areas and scree. The leaves are linear to oblong or rounded, opposite at the base. The flowers resemble snapdragons, being typically zygomorphic, hooded, lobed and spurred. They are borne in terminal racemes or singly in the leaf axils of the branching stems.
Blue eyed Marys
The hardy or half-hardy annuals of blue eyed Marys are prized for the exotically beautiful summer-time blooms that they produce, making them popular with gardeners. Blue eyed Marys have sweet nectar, which attracts many pollinators, and generally do not have any major disease or pest issues. It is said that they resemble Chinese-style pagodas, which was how they were named "Chinese houses."
Cymbalaria are flowering perennial herbs native to southern Europe. They are known for creating a very low and dense ground cover and can even grow as climbers on rocks, walls, or artificial supports. Some cymbalaria have thus become popular garden plants and have spread beyond their native range in other warm temperate regions.
Scoparia can be found in warm climates all over the world, with many species native to tropical parts of the Americas. It is related to plantains. A few varieties are available from nurseries as ornamentals.
Snapdragons (Misopates) produces flowers that range in color from blue to purple or pink to red and grow fruits that are shaped like a weasel's snout. Native to Europe, Asia, and tropical Africa, these species are normally found in wet areas, disturbed areas, or terrestrial habitats. They are sometimes considered weedy.