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Key Facts
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Brakes
Brakes
Brakes
Brakes
Brakes (Pteris)
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb/Vine
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Key Facts About Brakes

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Attributes of Brakes

Plant Height
30 cm
Spread
40 cm
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Brakes

distribution

Distribution of Brakes

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Distribution Map of Brakes

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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How to Grow and Care for Brakes

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More Info About Caring for Brakes
species

Exploring the Brakes Plants

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8 most common species:
Pteris cretica
Cretan brake
Cretan brake is a fern that grows up to 76 cm tall by 61 cm wide. The striking, uniquely colored leaves make it a popular houseplant or potted plant. When potted outdoors, it requires protection from frost and overly cold temperatures.
Pteris parkeri
Silver ribbon fern
Silver ribbon fern (Pteris parkeri) is a species of fern that is native to many parts of eastern Asia. It is often cultivated as a house plant for its foliage. The plant produces many long leaves that are silvery in color and have a crinkly or ribbon-like appearance. As with most ferns, it grows best in partial shade and strong, but indirect light.
Pteris vittata
Chinese ladder brake fern
Chinese ladder brake fern (Pteris vittata) is native to China, however, it has found its way invasively across the globe, where it has made several noxious weed lists. It does have a benefit, though, as it acts as a sponge for toxins in the soil and repairs polluted areas. After the chinese ladder brake fern grows in these contaminated soils, their fronds become concentrated with toxins, typically arsenic.
Pteris multifida
Spider brake
A fern that grows on stone walls and other surfaces, with a few elongated fronds. It is easy to distinguish because the fronds are long, thin, and few in number. The rhizome is short and creeps laterally, and the leaves are dense. The fertile fronds are much taller and thinner, reaching up to 15 cm in sterile fronds and 49 cm in fertile fronds. The petiole is thin, hard, wiry, and blackish, making up about half of the entire leaf. The fronds are once-pinnate, with only a few subordinate pinnules. At most, there are 2-3 pairs of sub-pinnules that remain constant in size, with a terminal pinnule of the same length attached at the apex. In well-developed fronds, an additional sub-pinnule emerges from the base of the lowermost side sub-pinnule. The base of the sub-pinnules merges with the rachis, and green leafy tissue appears on the rachis between the sub-pinnules. The individual pinnules are elongated and roughly linear, with slightly inflated basal lobes on the underside of lateral pinnules. The fronds are thin but tough. Fertile fronds are nearly the same shape and are about twice as narrow. Sterile fronds have rough serrations, but fertile fronds are smooth.
Pteris dispar
Japanese fern
An evergreen perennial herb. The rhizome stands short and diagonal, with brown, linear scales on one side that extend to the base of the petiole. The petiole is 20 to 35 cm long, reddish-brown and shiny, with a triangular cross section. The blade is twice pinnately fissured. As a whole, it is oval to oblong and 20 to 40 cm long. The foliage is thin and hard like paper, and the central axis is reddish brown and shiny. The top wings are very long with a fine feather-like deep tear near the tip and can be as long as 25 cm. There are 3-6 pairs of side wings. The fragment on the base side of the wing piece is clearly longer than that on the tip side. The length of the splinter is longer at the base side wings and shorter at the tip. In some cases, there are no tips on the tip side. In addition, the root fragment at the base of the lower side wing is often developed and becomes a small wing with a wing-like deep tear. Sharp, small saw teeth line the splinter-free lobes and tips.
Pteris ensiformis
Slender brake
Pteris ensiformis is a fern of tropical and subtropical Asia. With several cultivars available, this fern is often used in ornamental gardening. Outside of its native range, this fern can become weedy; in New Zealand, this fern is treated as exotic and causes minor problems.
Pteris cretica 'Albolineata'
Cretan brake 'Albolineata'
Cretan brake 'Albolineata' is bred from an evergreen plant from which this cultivar is its most common variety. It features creamy white bands running through the center of its uniquely serrated leaves. The leaves start out chartreuse in color but then turn dark green with the signature white stripe as the plant matures.
Pteris ensiformis var. victoriae
Victoria fern
Victoria fern is a fern that produces attractive, variegated leaves with intricate patterns that make it an attractive ornamental plant, and is a strong choice as an understory to larger plants. The fronds are traditionally eaten and used as a beverage flavoring in Taiwan.

All Species of Brakes

Cretan brake
Pteris cretica
Cretan brake
Cretan brake is a fern that grows up to 76 cm tall by 61 cm wide. The striking, uniquely colored leaves make it a popular houseplant or potted plant. When potted outdoors, it requires protection from frost and overly cold temperatures.
Silver ribbon fern
Pteris parkeri
Silver ribbon fern
Silver ribbon fern (Pteris parkeri) is a species of fern that is native to many parts of eastern Asia. It is often cultivated as a house plant for its foliage. The plant produces many long leaves that are silvery in color and have a crinkly or ribbon-like appearance. As with most ferns, it grows best in partial shade and strong, but indirect light.
Chinese ladder brake fern
Pteris vittata
Chinese ladder brake fern
Chinese ladder brake fern (Pteris vittata) is native to China, however, it has found its way invasively across the globe, where it has made several noxious weed lists. It does have a benefit, though, as it acts as a sponge for toxins in the soil and repairs polluted areas. After the chinese ladder brake fern grows in these contaminated soils, their fronds become concentrated with toxins, typically arsenic.
Spider brake
Pteris multifida
Spider brake
A fern that grows on stone walls and other surfaces, with a few elongated fronds. It is easy to distinguish because the fronds are long, thin, and few in number. The rhizome is short and creeps laterally, and the leaves are dense. The fertile fronds are much taller and thinner, reaching up to 15 cm in sterile fronds and 49 cm in fertile fronds. The petiole is thin, hard, wiry, and blackish, making up about half of the entire leaf. The fronds are once-pinnate, with only a few subordinate pinnules. At most, there are 2-3 pairs of sub-pinnules that remain constant in size, with a terminal pinnule of the same length attached at the apex. In well-developed fronds, an additional sub-pinnule emerges from the base of the lowermost side sub-pinnule. The base of the sub-pinnules merges with the rachis, and green leafy tissue appears on the rachis between the sub-pinnules. The individual pinnules are elongated and roughly linear, with slightly inflated basal lobes on the underside of lateral pinnules. The fronds are thin but tough. Fertile fronds are nearly the same shape and are about twice as narrow. Sterile fronds have rough serrations, but fertile fronds are smooth.
Japanese fern
Pteris dispar
Japanese fern
An evergreen perennial herb. The rhizome stands short and diagonal, with brown, linear scales on one side that extend to the base of the petiole. The petiole is 20 to 35 cm long, reddish-brown and shiny, with a triangular cross section. The blade is twice pinnately fissured. As a whole, it is oval to oblong and 20 to 40 cm long. The foliage is thin and hard like paper, and the central axis is reddish brown and shiny. The top wings are very long with a fine feather-like deep tear near the tip and can be as long as 25 cm. There are 3-6 pairs of side wings. The fragment on the base side of the wing piece is clearly longer than that on the tip side. The length of the splinter is longer at the base side wings and shorter at the tip. In some cases, there are no tips on the tip side. In addition, the root fragment at the base of the lower side wing is often developed and becomes a small wing with a wing-like deep tear. Sharp, small saw teeth line the splinter-free lobes and tips.
Slender brake
Pteris ensiformis
Slender brake
Pteris ensiformis is a fern of tropical and subtropical Asia. With several cultivars available, this fern is often used in ornamental gardening. Outside of its native range, this fern can become weedy; in New Zealand, this fern is treated as exotic and causes minor problems.
Cretan brake 'Albolineata'
Pteris cretica 'Albolineata'
Cretan brake 'Albolineata'
Cretan brake 'Albolineata' is bred from an evergreen plant from which this cultivar is its most common variety. It features creamy white bands running through the center of its uniquely serrated leaves. The leaves start out chartreuse in color but then turn dark green with the signature white stripe as the plant matures.
Victoria fern
Pteris ensiformis var. victoriae
Victoria fern
Victoria fern is a fern that produces attractive, variegated leaves with intricate patterns that make it an attractive ornamental plant, and is a strong choice as an understory to larger plants. The fronds are traditionally eaten and used as a beverage flavoring in Taiwan.
Pteris setulosocostulata
Pteris setulosocostulata
Pteris setulosocostulata
Pteris setulosocostulata is a distinctive fern with elegant, delicate fronds that typically grow in dappled shade. Its leaves are lance-shaped, with a feathery appearance due to fine segments. The plant thrives in moist, well-drained soil, often found in humid environments. Its unique vein pattern and tiny bristle-like hairs along the costules assist in distinguishing it from similar species.
Linear brake
Pteris linearis
Linear brake
Linear brake is a slender, delicate fern with long, narrow fronds that often display a graceful, arching growth form. Preferring shady, moist environments, its ferns unfurl to reveal a bright green coloration, providing a lush, textured aesthetic to forest floors and rock crevices where it typically thrives. Linear brake's characteristic linear leaflets make it easily distinguishable from more rounded fern species.
Pteris khasiana subsp. fauriei
Pteris khasiana subsp. fauriei
Pteris khasiana subsp. fauriei
Pteris khasiana subsp. fauriei is a fern with delicate, arching fronds that display a lace-like pattern. These fronds often grow in a clustered manner, which contributes to the plant's lush appearance. The bi-pinnate leaves allow it to flourish in shaded, humid environments typically found in its native habitat. This particular subspecies stands out for its resilience in varied microclimates, adapting to both terrestrial and epiphytic growth.
Mother fern
Pteris wallichiana
Mother fern
Mother fern is a type of large, tropical fern with elegant, arching fronds that can reach impressive lengths. The bright green leaves are divided, providing a feathery appearance, which contributes to its popularity as a decorative plant. Thriving in warm, humid environments, mother fern has adapted to flourish under the shade of larger flora, often in the understory of forests. Its robust nature allows it to be a resilient addition to many garden spaces.
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More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Brakes
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Brakes
Pteris
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info

Key Facts About Brakes

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Brakes

Plant Height
30 cm
Spread
40 cm
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Brakes

distribution

Distribution of Brakes

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Distribution Map of Brakes

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Brakes

feedback
Feedback
feedback
More Info About Caring for Brakes
species

Exploring the Brakes Plants

feedback
Feedback
feedback
8 most common species:
Pteris cretica
Cretan brake
Cretan brake is a fern that grows up to 76 cm tall by 61 cm wide. The striking, uniquely colored leaves make it a popular houseplant or potted plant. When potted outdoors, it requires protection from frost and overly cold temperatures.
Pteris parkeri
Silver ribbon fern
Silver ribbon fern (Pteris parkeri) is a species of fern that is native to many parts of eastern Asia. It is often cultivated as a house plant for its foliage. The plant produces many long leaves that are silvery in color and have a crinkly or ribbon-like appearance. As with most ferns, it grows best in partial shade and strong, but indirect light.
Pteris vittata
Chinese ladder brake fern
Chinese ladder brake fern (Pteris vittata) is native to China, however, it has found its way invasively across the globe, where it has made several noxious weed lists. It does have a benefit, though, as it acts as a sponge for toxins in the soil and repairs polluted areas. After the chinese ladder brake fern grows in these contaminated soils, their fronds become concentrated with toxins, typically arsenic.
Pteris multifida
Spider brake
A fern that grows on stone walls and other surfaces, with a few elongated fronds. It is easy to distinguish because the fronds are long, thin, and few in number. The rhizome is short and creeps laterally, and the leaves are dense. The fertile fronds are much taller and thinner, reaching up to 15 cm in sterile fronds and 49 cm in fertile fronds. The petiole is thin, hard, wiry, and blackish, making up about half of the entire leaf. The fronds are once-pinnate, with only a few subordinate pinnules. At most, there are 2-3 pairs of sub-pinnules that remain constant in size, with a terminal pinnule of the same length attached at the apex. In well-developed fronds, an additional sub-pinnule emerges from the base of the lowermost side sub-pinnule. The base of the sub-pinnules merges with the rachis, and green leafy tissue appears on the rachis between the sub-pinnules. The individual pinnules are elongated and roughly linear, with slightly inflated basal lobes on the underside of lateral pinnules. The fronds are thin but tough. Fertile fronds are nearly the same shape and are about twice as narrow. Sterile fronds have rough serrations, but fertile fronds are smooth.
Show More Species

All Species of Brakes

popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Feedback
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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
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80+ scholars in botany and gardening
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