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Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Sparaxis tricolor
Also known as : Scarlet wand flower, Sparaxis
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
9 to 11
care guide

Care Guide for Harlequin flower

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the diseased, withered leaves once a month.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Loam, Clay, Sandy loam, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Details on Repotting Repotting
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Harlequin flower
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
9 to 11
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Summer
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Questions About Harlequin flower

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Watering Watering Watering
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What is the best way to water my Harlequin flower?
When watering the Harlequin flower, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Harlequin flower comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Harlequin flower too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Harlequin flower, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Harlequin flower, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Harlequin flower have become brittle and brown. It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Harlequin flower. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Harlequin flower grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Harlequin flower is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Harlequin flower?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Harlequin flower needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water. If you grow your Harlequin flower outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Harlequin flower can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Harlequin flower need?
When it comes time to water your Harlequin flower, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Harlequin flower at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Harlequin flower can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Harlequin flower is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Harlequin flower will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Harlequin flower will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Harlequin flower more water at this time.
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How should I water my Harlequin flower through the seasons?
The Harlequin flower will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Harlequin flower will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Harlequin flower indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Harlequin flower indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Harlequin flower to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Harlequin flower very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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Key Facts About Harlequin flower

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Attributes of Harlequin flower

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring, Summer
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Plant Height
10 cm to 40 cm
Spread
7 cm to 12 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
5 cm
Flower Color
Red
Orange
Yellow
Purple
White
Black
Stem Color
Green
Red
Yellow
Purple
Orange
Black
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Name story

Harlequin flower

Symbolism

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Harlequin flower

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Common Pests & Diseases About Harlequin flower

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Common issues for Harlequin flower based on 10 million real cases
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Flower wilting
Flower wilting is a severe condition affecting Harlequin flower, often leading to reduced flowering and eventual plant demise. This disease, caused by various pathogens and environmental factors, significantly impairs the plant's growth and overall health.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Petal blight
Petal blight Petal blight
Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Solutions: Like other fungal diseases, the progression of petal blight is extremely difficult to stop and impossible to reverse once it infects a plant. The best course of action is to remove all damaged flowers immediately and dispose of them entirely. Do not put them in the compost pile, where spores could grow and spread.
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Flower wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
What is Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
Flower wilting is a severe condition affecting Harlequin flower, often leading to reduced flowering and eventual plant demise. This disease, caused by various pathogens and environmental factors, significantly impairs the plant's growth and overall health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Key symptoms in Harlequin flower include wilting and yellowing of leaves, reduced flowering, blackening stems, and eventual collapse of the plant. In advanced stages, root rot may also be noticeable.
What Causes Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
What Causes Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
1
Fungal pathogens
Deadly fungi such as Fusarium, Phomopsis, and Phytophthora are known to cause withering in Harlequin flower, by attacking the root system and obstructing water transport.
2
Environmental stress
Non-optimal conditions, including excess watering, insufficient light, extreme temperatures, can lead to stress in Harlequin flower, causing it to wilt.
How to Treat Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
How to Treat Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
1
Non pesticide
Proper Watering: Avoid overwatering Harlequin flower as it may encourage fungal growth and root rot.

Optimized Light Exposure: Ensure adequate light for Harlequin flower to discourage fungal development and enhance its immune response.
2
Pesticide
Use of fungicides: Apply appropriate fungicides on Harlequin flower to tackle disease-causing fungi and prevent spread.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Underwatering
plant poor
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
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Petal blight
plant poor
Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Overview
Overview
Petal blight, sometimes called flower blight, is a fungal disease that only affects the blooms of some ornamental flowering plants. As the infection progresses, it destroys the flower, yet it never damages the vegetative or green parts of the plant.
When flowers are infected, the symptoms look similar to Botrytis blight, but Botrytis also infects dead or dormant vegetative tissue.
The disease was first discovered in Japanese plants in 1919 and in the US in the late 1930s. Presently it is also found in New Zealand, Australia, and parts of Europe. Unfortunately, no plants have high resistance to petal blight, but specific cultivars are more susceptible than others, particularly species with double blooms.
Petal blight infection rates are high when temperatures are mild to warm (optimum temperatures are 15 to 21 ℃) and the weather is misty or rainy.
Overall, petal blight is an aesthetic problem that ruins blossoms. The disease is not harmful to the long-term health of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The severity of the symptoms varies, depending upon the species of plant infected. Signs of petal blight are commonly seen on the blooms just after they open.
  • Pallid spots on colored petals.
  • Brown spots on white petals.
  • Browning around the petal edges.
  • Small spots look water-soaked.
  • Spots rapidly enlarge and merge.
  • Flowers become limp.
  • The entire flower turns light brown, but does not crumble.
  • Flowers become slimy at first and then take on a leathery texture.
  • A ring of white or gray mycelium can be seen at the base of the petals.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Petal blight is caused by several different fungi, with each type infecting specific plants. Ovulinia azalea infects azaleas species and cultivars, and rhododendrons. Ciborinia camelliae infects camellia cultivars.
Shortly after blooming, the fungus infects the base of the flowers by the calyx. The fungus produces cell wall-degrading enzymes that destroy flowers within a couple of days. When the flowers fall to the ground, the fungus' hard fruiting bodies fall to the soil as well, overwintering until the following spring.
When temperatures hit the optimum range the following season, spores are transmitted by insects or can spread on wind currents up to about 12 miles. Once in the soil, the pathogen can be active for three to five years.
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distribution

Distribution of Harlequin flower

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Habitat of Harlequin flower

Gardens, Dump sites, Abandoned dwellings
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Harlequin flower

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Harlequin Flower Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
Harlequin flower has an affinity for ample sun exposure, typically flourishing under conditions where sun exposure is most of the day. A slightly shaded environment is also within its tolerability range. Should the plant be denied sufficient sun exposure, it might result in poor plant health and growth. Going overboard with light exposure, on the other hand, may lead to withering and damage. Its natural habitat mirrors this preference for copious sunlight.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
2-3 inches
The best time to translocate harlequin flower is during the season of S1 – an ideal period due to its dormancy. Chose a location with well-drained soil and full sun exposure for best results. Remember, harlequin flower thrives on care, so handle with delicacy while transplanting.
Transplant Techniques
Pruning
Spring, Summer, Autumn
A colorful bulbous perennial, harlequin flower blooms with vibrant, multicolored flowers. For optimal growth, deadhead spent blooms to encourage further flowering. After blooming, allow foliage to die back naturally, providing energy for the next season's flowers. Prune back yellowed leaves in late fall. The best pruning period aligns with active growth phases, typically in spring through fall. Pruning benefits harlequin flower by channeling energy into bulb strengthening for prolific future blooming.
Pruning techniques
Flower wilting
Flower wilting is a severe condition affecting Harlequin flower, often leading to reduced flowering and eventual plant demise. This disease, caused by various pathogens and environmental factors, significantly impairs the plant's growth and overall health.
Read More
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease that severely affects Harlequin flower. It compromises the health of the plant, leading to reduced flowering and, in severe cases, plant death. Effective management and preventative measures are crucial to combat it.
Read More
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a common fungal disease that affects a wide range of plants, including the Harlequin flower. If not promptly addressed, it can lead to wilted, discolored leaves, and in severe cases, plant death.
Read More
Flower withering
Flower withering is a devastating disease in Harlequin flower, characterized by gradual decay and subsequent drop of the flower. Caused by a combination of fungal pathogens and poor environmental conditions, it's highly infectious and moderately lethal, potentially debilitating the entire plant health.
Read More
Leaf wilting
Leaf Wilting is a prevalent plant disease affecting Harlequin flower, commonly resulting from dehydration, poor root health, or pathogenic infection. It severely impacts the plant's ability to photosynthesize, leading to hampered growth or even plant death.
Read More
Feng shui direction
East
The harlequin flower is seemingly harmonious with East-facing locations. Symbolically, its vibrant color aligns with the rising sun, bestowing sprightly energy and prosperity. East represents growth and renewal in Feng Shui, and the harlequin flower embodies these notions spectacularly. Please remember, Feng Shui interpretations are highly personal and this should serve merely as a guide.
Fengshui Details
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Little bluestem
Little bluestem
Little bluestem is a little oddity that grows in many environments except for desert areas. This is a perennial prairie grass, or bunchgrass and thrives in warmer climates with moderate rainfall. The texture is soft and lush, with its spring/summer blue-green appearance giving it the common name, little bluestem. As it gets warmer or drier, this grass turns amber, copper, or tan.
King of hearts
King of hearts
Adelonema wallisii (synonym Homalomena wallisii ) is a species of flowering plant in the family Araceae native to Venezuela, Colombia, and Panama. It reaches about 15 cm in height but with a much wider spread. The leaf blades are elliptic to ovate-oblong in shape about 13 to 20 cm in length, on rather short stalks, arching or recurving, bright-green with a markings of a marbled yellow. It can be confused with the rather similar Aglaonema.
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Karo
Karo (Pittosporum crassifolium) is a species of shrub or small tree that is native to the lowlands and coastal forests of northern New Zealand. In summer and fall it produces fruit that is attractive to both native and exotic birds; these birds then disperse the seeds sometimes far south of the plant’s original range.
Judas tree
Judas tree
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Johnny jump up
Johnny jump up
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Hens and chicks
Hens and chicks
Hens and chicks is an African succulent. The parent rosettes of this plant are the hens, and the chicks are the smaller offsets that grow from them. This plant dies after flowering and is ideal for rock gardens, container gardens, and rock walls.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Harlequin flower
Sparaxis tricolor
Also known as: Scarlet wand flower, Sparaxis
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
9 to 11
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Questions About Harlequin flower

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Harlequin flower?
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What should I do if I water my Harlequin flower too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Harlequin flower?
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How much water does my Harlequin flower need?
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How should I water my Harlequin flower at different growth stages?
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How should I water my Harlequin flower through the seasons?
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What's the difference between watering my Harlequin flower indoors and outdoors?
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Key Facts About Harlequin flower

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Attributes of Harlequin flower

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring, Summer
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Plant Height
10 cm to 40 cm
Spread
7 cm to 12 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
5 cm
Flower Color
Red
Orange
Yellow
Purple
White
Black
Stem Color
Green
Red
Yellow
Purple
Orange
Black
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
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Name story

Harlequin flower

Symbolism

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Harlequin flower

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Common Pests & Diseases About Harlequin flower

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Common issues for Harlequin flower based on 10 million real cases
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Flower wilting
Flower wilting is a severe condition affecting Harlequin flower, often leading to reduced flowering and eventual plant demise. This disease, caused by various pathogens and environmental factors, significantly impairs the plant's growth and overall health.
Learn More About the Flower wilting more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Learn More About the Underwatering more
Petal blight
Petal blight Petal blight Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Solutions: Like other fungal diseases, the progression of petal blight is extremely difficult to stop and impossible to reverse once it infects a plant. The best course of action is to remove all damaged flowers immediately and dispose of them entirely. Do not put them in the compost pile, where spores could grow and spread.
Learn More About the Petal blight more
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Flower wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
What is Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
Flower wilting is a severe condition affecting Harlequin flower, often leading to reduced flowering and eventual plant demise. This disease, caused by various pathogens and environmental factors, significantly impairs the plant's growth and overall health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Key symptoms in Harlequin flower include wilting and yellowing of leaves, reduced flowering, blackening stems, and eventual collapse of the plant. In advanced stages, root rot may also be noticeable.
What Causes Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
What Causes Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
1
Fungal pathogens
Deadly fungi such as Fusarium, Phomopsis, and Phytophthora are known to cause withering in Harlequin flower, by attacking the root system and obstructing water transport.
2
Environmental stress
Non-optimal conditions, including excess watering, insufficient light, extreme temperatures, can lead to stress in Harlequin flower, causing it to wilt.
How to Treat Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
How to Treat Flower wilting Disease on Harlequin flower?
1
Non pesticide
Proper Watering: Avoid overwatering Harlequin flower as it may encourage fungal growth and root rot.

Optimized Light Exposure: Ensure adequate light for Harlequin flower to discourage fungal development and enhance its immune response.
2
Pesticide
Use of fungicides: Apply appropriate fungicides on Harlequin flower to tackle disease-causing fungi and prevent spread.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Underwatering
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Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
Solutions
Solutions
The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with.
Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock.
In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Prevention
Prevention
Always check the soil before watering. If the top inch of soil feels moist, though not wet, the watering is perfect. If it’s dry, water it immediately. If it feels soggy, you avoid watering until it dries out a bit more.
Also, make sure the lighting is sufficient for the species. Plants grow faster and need more water when there is intense light or lots of heat. Being aware of these conditions and modifying them, if possible, is a good way to prevent underwatering. Many container plants are potted in soil mixtures mean to be well-draining. Adding materials that retain moisture, like compost or peat moss, can also prevent these symptoms.
Other tips to prevent underwatering include:
  • Choose pots with adequately-sized drainage holes
  • Avoid warm temperatures
  • Use large pots with additional soil (these take longer to dry out)
  • Avoid terracotta pots, which lose water quickly
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Petal blight
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Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Overview
Overview
Petal blight, sometimes called flower blight, is a fungal disease that only affects the blooms of some ornamental flowering plants. As the infection progresses, it destroys the flower, yet it never damages the vegetative or green parts of the plant.
When flowers are infected, the symptoms look similar to Botrytis blight, but Botrytis also infects dead or dormant vegetative tissue.
The disease was first discovered in Japanese plants in 1919 and in the US in the late 1930s. Presently it is also found in New Zealand, Australia, and parts of Europe. Unfortunately, no plants have high resistance to petal blight, but specific cultivars are more susceptible than others, particularly species with double blooms.
Petal blight infection rates are high when temperatures are mild to warm (optimum temperatures are 15 to 21 ℃) and the weather is misty or rainy.
Overall, petal blight is an aesthetic problem that ruins blossoms. The disease is not harmful to the long-term health of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The severity of the symptoms varies, depending upon the species of plant infected. Signs of petal blight are commonly seen on the blooms just after they open.
  • Pallid spots on colored petals.
  • Brown spots on white petals.
  • Browning around the petal edges.
  • Small spots look water-soaked.
  • Spots rapidly enlarge and merge.
  • Flowers become limp.
  • The entire flower turns light brown, but does not crumble.
  • Flowers become slimy at first and then take on a leathery texture.
  • A ring of white or gray mycelium can be seen at the base of the petals.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Petal blight is caused by several different fungi, with each type infecting specific plants. Ovulinia azalea infects azaleas species and cultivars, and rhododendrons. Ciborinia camelliae infects camellia cultivars.
Shortly after blooming, the fungus infects the base of the flowers by the calyx. The fungus produces cell wall-degrading enzymes that destroy flowers within a couple of days. When the flowers fall to the ground, the fungus' hard fruiting bodies fall to the soil as well, overwintering until the following spring.
When temperatures hit the optimum range the following season, spores are transmitted by insects or can spread on wind currents up to about 12 miles. Once in the soil, the pathogen can be active for three to five years.
Solutions
Solutions
Like other fungal diseases, the progression of petal blight is extremely difficult to stop and impossible to reverse once it infects a plant. The best course of action is to remove all damaged flowers immediately and dispose of them entirely. Do not put them in the compost pile, where spores could grow and spread.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Apply a preventative dose of fungicide as soon as blooms start to show color on the plant. The preventative can be applied as a soil drench or directly to the flowers on the plant.
  • Avoid overhead watering during blooming.
  • Remove any leaf litter and dead flowers at the end of the season.
  • Cover the ground under infected plants with 4” of fresh organic mulch before winter, taking care not to disturb the infected soil.
  • Buy bare-root specimens when available.
  • When potted plants are purchased, remove the top layer of potting soil and replace it with fresh mulch.
  • Plant cultivars that bloom early in the season before the temperatures get high enough for petal blight pathogens to be spreading.
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distribution

Distribution of Harlequin flower

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Habitat of Harlequin flower

Gardens, Dump sites, Abandoned dwellings
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Harlequin flower

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Harlequin Flower Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Plants Related to Harlequin flower

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Lighting
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Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Harlequin flower has an affinity for ample sun exposure, typically flourishing under conditions where sun exposure is most of the day. A slightly shaded environment is also within its tolerability range. Should the plant be denied sufficient sun exposure, it might result in poor plant health and growth. Going overboard with light exposure, on the other hand, may lead to withering and damage. Its natural habitat mirrors this preference for copious sunlight.
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Tolerable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Harlequin flower thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Harlequin flower may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Harlequin flower enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Harlequin flower thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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