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Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades (Circaea)
Lifespan
Lifespan
Annual
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Key Facts About Enchanter's nightshades

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distribution

Distribution of Enchanter's nightshades

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Distribution Map of Enchanter's nightshades

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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How to Grow and Care for Enchanter's nightshades

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More Info About Caring for Enchanter's nightshades
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Exploring the Enchanter's nightshades Plants

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6 most common species:
Circaea lutetiana
Enchanter's- nightshade
The enchanter's- nightshade is a unique member of the Evening Primrose family. It grows well in the part-shade of woody habitats and makes for excellent browse for wandering deer. Each little flower contains two lobed white petals, two sepals, and two stamens. It is not related to Deadly Nightshade at all, but rather a member of the willowherb family.
Circaea canadensis
Eastern Enchanter's Nightshade
Eastern Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea canadensis) is a perennial herb commonly found in central North America. It thrives in wet areas and open woods. After flowering, the seed pods develop into a burr shape and can easily get tangled in hikers' clothing or the fur of passing animals. It is not a true nightshade, but rather a member of the evening primrose family.
Circaea alpina
Small enchanter's nightshade
The genus Circaea alpina got its name from the ancient Greek mythological goddess of magic, Circe, who lived in dark parts of forests. Small enchanter's nightshade is usually found in wet, cool forests of the Northern Hemisphere, but despite the Latin epithet "alpine", it doesn't grow in alpine habitats. On the contrary, its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation.
Circaea erubescens
Red-hair enchanter's nightshade
Compared to other species of the genus, it is generally thinner. There are elongated rhizomes underground. The whole plant is almost hairless, the stem is upright, 20 to 50 cm in height, and the base of the internode of the stem is slightly puffy and reddish. The leaves are countered and have a reddish petiole, the leaf blade is 3 to 8 cm long oval to oval, sharp at the tip, round at the base and low wavy serrations at the edges. Branch to the tip of the stem to form the inflorescence, and attach a small flower with a flower pattern downward. The inflorescences are 6 to 10 cm long and have no hair. Sepals are two red. There are two petals from white to light red, with a shallow tip and three fissures. There are two stamens, which alternate with petals. A single style with a lower ovary covered with a key-like stab. The fruit is a long egg-shaped nut, 2 to 2.5 mm in diameter, with no grooves and a dense hook-like sting. There are two seeds inside.
Circaea mollis
South enchanter's nightshade
A perennial herb that grows thin rhizomes. The stem rises and is about 20 to 60 cm tall. Downward hairs are growing. The leaves are opposite and have a petiole of 1 to 4 cm and the leaf blade is 5 to 13 cm long and 1.5 to 4 cm wide. The leaf shape is long oval to oval oblong with low serrations on the edges and fine hair. The inflorescence is from summer to fall. The flowers are white to pale red. The two petals are oval shallow and split into two. Sepals are about twice as long as petals and warp. The fruit is broad egg-shaped 3 to 4 mm wide has grooves and has hook-like hairs all over its surface.
Circaea cordata
Circaea cordata
Circaea cordata boasts heart-shaped leaves with a softly serrated edge, a distinctive feature that resonates with its Latin epithet. These leaves sprout on slender stems that grow in shady, moist woodland environments, flourishing under a canopy where dappled sunlight filters through. Its habitat informs its growth patterns, leading to lush, low-lying clusters, often overlooked yet integral to the forest's understory tapestry.
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More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Enchanter's nightshades
Circaea
Lifespan
Lifespan
Annual
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Key Facts About Enchanter's nightshades

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Attributes of Enchanter's nightshades

Flower Color
White
Leaf type
Deciduous

Scientific Classification of Enchanter's nightshades

distribution

Distribution of Enchanter's nightshades

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Feedback
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Distribution Map of Enchanter's nightshades

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Enchanter's nightshades

feedback
Feedback
feedback
More Info About Caring for Enchanter's nightshades
species

Exploring the Enchanter's nightshades Plants

feedback
Feedback
feedback
6 most common species:
Circaea lutetiana
Enchanter's- nightshade
The enchanter's- nightshade is a unique member of the Evening Primrose family. It grows well in the part-shade of woody habitats and makes for excellent browse for wandering deer. Each little flower contains two lobed white petals, two sepals, and two stamens. It is not related to Deadly Nightshade at all, but rather a member of the willowherb family.
Circaea canadensis
Eastern Enchanter's Nightshade
Eastern Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea canadensis) is a perennial herb commonly found in central North America. It thrives in wet areas and open woods. After flowering, the seed pods develop into a burr shape and can easily get tangled in hikers' clothing or the fur of passing animals. It is not a true nightshade, but rather a member of the evening primrose family.
Circaea alpina
Small enchanter's nightshade
The genus Circaea alpina got its name from the ancient Greek mythological goddess of magic, Circe, who lived in dark parts of forests. Small enchanter's nightshade is usually found in wet, cool forests of the Northern Hemisphere, but despite the Latin epithet "alpine", it doesn't grow in alpine habitats. On the contrary, its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation.
Circaea erubescens
Red-hair enchanter's nightshade
Compared to other species of the genus, it is generally thinner. There are elongated rhizomes underground. The whole plant is almost hairless, the stem is upright, 20 to 50 cm in height, and the base of the internode of the stem is slightly puffy and reddish. The leaves are countered and have a reddish petiole, the leaf blade is 3 to 8 cm long oval to oval, sharp at the tip, round at the base and low wavy serrations at the edges. Branch to the tip of the stem to form the inflorescence, and attach a small flower with a flower pattern downward. The inflorescences are 6 to 10 cm long and have no hair. Sepals are two red. There are two petals from white to light red, with a shallow tip and three fissures. There are two stamens, which alternate with petals. A single style with a lower ovary covered with a key-like stab. The fruit is a long egg-shaped nut, 2 to 2.5 mm in diameter, with no grooves and a dense hook-like sting. There are two seeds inside.
Show More Species
popular genus

More Popular Genus

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
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unlimited guides at your fingertips...
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