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Goldenrods
Goldenrods
Goldenrods
Goldenrods
Goldenrods (Solidago)
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Key Facts About Goldenrods

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Distribution of Goldenrods

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Distribution Map of Goldenrods

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Exploring the Goldenrods Plants

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8 most common species:
Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod
The Solidago canadensis, colloquially known as canada goldenrod, is a perennial herb native to North America. This plant can be found growing in a variety of different habitats, and it often forms colonies. In many parts of Europe and East Asia, canada goldenrod is considered an invasive species.
Solidago altissima
Canada goldenrod
The canada goldenrod is widespread across North America and is now widely spread in many countries around the world. A single plant can have as many as 1,500 flower heads and is considered as a dangerous invasive plant worldwide.
Solidago gigantea
Giant goldenrod
Giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) is an herb in the sunflower family. It is widespread in the central and eastern United States and Mexico. Giant goldenrod is found in a variety of natural habitats and nature landscaping cultivation throughout the United States and grows in moderately moist soils. It is the state flower in Kentucky and Nebraska.
Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) is a flowering perennial plant related to the sunflower. It grows across the eastern and central reaches of North America in wet and well-balanced soils. Wrinkleleaf goldenrod is widely cultivated as an ornamental garden plant.
Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod
Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) is a flowering plant species that grows well along coastal beaches, dunes, and salt marshes. Seaside goldenrod blossoms grow in brilliant yellow clusters. The leaves are waxy and thick, which is how they adapted to the drying effects of salt spray in their environment.
Solidago virgaurea
Goldenrod
Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea) is a perennial with golden yellow flowers. It is often considered a common allergen, but this plant produces almost no pollen. Goldenrod is used in landscaping for dry, full-sun locations, and to attract butterflies and bees.
Solidago juncea
Early goldenrod
Early goldenrod (Solidago juncea) is a species of goldenrod that has one of the earliest bloom periods of all goldenrods, and usually makes its first appearance in the middle of the summer. Grow it in well-drained soil in direct sun. It even thrives in dry soil. Remove dried up clusters of flowers to encourage further growth.
Solidago caesia
Bluestem goldenrod
Bluestem goldenrod (*Solidago caesia*) is a small species of goldenrod. Bluestem goldenrod is a perennial with dark green leaves and sprays of yellow flowers. The stems turn blue-gray as the plant matures which is why it was given the name bluestem goldenrod.

All Species of Goldenrods

Canada goldenrod
Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod
The Solidago canadensis, colloquially known as canada goldenrod, is a perennial herb native to North America. This plant can be found growing in a variety of different habitats, and it often forms colonies. In many parts of Europe and East Asia, canada goldenrod is considered an invasive species.
Canada goldenrod
Solidago altissima
Canada goldenrod
The canada goldenrod is widespread across North America and is now widely spread in many countries around the world. A single plant can have as many as 1,500 flower heads and is considered as a dangerous invasive plant worldwide.
Giant goldenrod
Solidago gigantea
Giant goldenrod
Giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) is an herb in the sunflower family. It is widespread in the central and eastern United States and Mexico. Giant goldenrod is found in a variety of natural habitats and nature landscaping cultivation throughout the United States and grows in moderately moist soils. It is the state flower in Kentucky and Nebraska.
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod
Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) is a flowering perennial plant related to the sunflower. It grows across the eastern and central reaches of North America in wet and well-balanced soils. Wrinkleleaf goldenrod is widely cultivated as an ornamental garden plant.
Seaside goldenrod
Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod
Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) is a flowering plant species that grows well along coastal beaches, dunes, and salt marshes. Seaside goldenrod blossoms grow in brilliant yellow clusters. The leaves are waxy and thick, which is how they adapted to the drying effects of salt spray in their environment.
Goldenrod
Solidago virgaurea
Goldenrod
Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea) is a perennial with golden yellow flowers. It is often considered a common allergen, but this plant produces almost no pollen. Goldenrod is used in landscaping for dry, full-sun locations, and to attract butterflies and bees.
Early goldenrod
Solidago juncea
Early goldenrod
Early goldenrod (Solidago juncea) is a species of goldenrod that has one of the earliest bloom periods of all goldenrods, and usually makes its first appearance in the middle of the summer. Grow it in well-drained soil in direct sun. It even thrives in dry soil. Remove dried up clusters of flowers to encourage further growth.
Bluestem goldenrod
Solidago caesia
Bluestem goldenrod
Bluestem goldenrod (*Solidago caesia*) is a small species of goldenrod. Bluestem goldenrod is a perennial with dark green leaves and sprays of yellow flowers. The stems turn blue-gray as the plant matures which is why it was given the name bluestem goldenrod.
Stiff Goldenrod
Solidago rigida
Stiff Goldenrod
Stiff Goldenrod (Solidago rigida) is named for its rigid stems and showy yellow flowers which attract butterflies. The plant produces a tufted seed that is dispersed by the wind. Horticulturally, the plant offers bright color to perennial borders or wild gardens.
Zigzag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
Zigzag Goldenrod
Zigzag Goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis) gets its common name from its stems, which seem to zigzag from the leaves. Small yellow flowers appear in late summer, producing a large sticky pollen that is often wrongly blamed for hay fever.
Elmleaf Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf Goldenrod
Elmleaf Goldenrod (*Solidago ulmifolia*) is an herbaceous perennial plant that will grow from 91 to 183 cm tall. It blooms from summer to fall with golden-yellow vase-shaped flower clusters. It attracts butterflies, bees, and other pollinators as well as birds, and small wildlife feed on the foliage. It prefers partial sun and moist to dry well-drained soil.
Gray Goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis) is not usually planted in gardens because its extensive root growth can disrupt other plants. However, if you have a bare patch of land where nothing else seems to grow, gray Goldenrod might be a perfect candidate for it. Another name for it is “Old Field Goldenrod.” It’s indigenous to North America
Silverrod
Solidago bicolor
Silverrod
Silverrod (Solidago bicolor) is a perennial shrub that has a long flowering season lasting from summer until fall. Clusters of white daisy-like flowers grow along a flower stem attracting butterflies and bees. The sap from the plant is poisonous to deer and rabbits. Prefers full sun and is drought-tolerant. Perfect for a rock garden or as a ground cover.
Showy goldenrod
Solidago speciosa
Showy goldenrod
Showy goldenrod is a clumping perennial wildflower found across the United States, with tall golden spikes of flowers. It grows well in moist or dry conditions, and provides food late in the season for wildlife such as bees, birds, and deer.
Missouri goldenrod
Solidago missouriensis
Missouri goldenrod
Missouri goldenrod is a flowering plant that's widespread in North America and Mexico, growing mainly in dry and open habitats. It attracts various types of butterflies, beetles, wasps, grasshoppers, bees, and flies.
Downy goldenrod
Solidago puberula
Downy goldenrod
Downy goldenrod (Solidago puberula), a member of the aster family, is found in eastern North America. It blooms plumes of bright yellow flowers in dry areas in summer and in meadows in the fall. These plants are important to bees and butterflies. Birds eat the seeds in fall and winter.
Asian goldenrod
Solidago decurrens
Asian goldenrod
Asian goldenrod (Solidago decurrens) is a member of the sunflower family native to southern and eastern Asia. Unlike its oversized relative, asian goldenrod blooms masses of tiny flowers in the summer and fall. Some variants lose their lower leaves when they bloom.
Prairie goldenrod
Solidago ptarmicoides
Prairie goldenrod
Prairie goldenrod(Solidago ptarmicoides) is used in gardens and also grows as a wildflower in dry or rocky conditions within outcrops, woods, or prairies. Its scientific name, ptarmicoides, means "to causing sneezing." This refers to the myth that goldenrod pollen causes hay fever.
Old field goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis subsp. nemoralis
Old field goldenrod
A smaller member of the goldenrod family, old field goldenrod grows on field edges, in forest glades, and in disturbed soil. It is considered a weed in some states and counties in the northeastern United States. Covered in fine hairs that give it a fuzzy, grayish appearance, it is named "nemoralis" after the Latin term for a forest grove, one of its common habitats.
Anisescented goldenrod
Solidago odora
Anisescented goldenrod
Anisescented goldenrod is a fragrant native plant found in the eastern U.S. Its leaves emit a licorice or anise scent when crushed, making it a popular medicinal herb for Native American tribes. It's also used in perfumes and as a natural insect repellent. In the garden, it's a hardy, low-maintenance plant that attracts pollinators with its small, bright yellow flowers in late summer. Its unique anise fragrance and striking golden blooms make it stand out from other goldenrod species.
Goldenrods 'Goldenmosa'
Solidago 'Goldenmosa'
Goldenrods 'Goldenmosa'
Goldenrods 'Goldenmosa' adds a touch of sunshine to any garden with its bright yellow flowers. These hardy perennials are a valuable nectar source for bees and other pollinators, making them an important addition to any wildlife-friendly garden.Be cautious if you have allergies, as goldenrods 'Goldenmosa' can cause allergic reactions in some people.
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod 'Fireworks'
Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod 'Fireworks'
With its vibrant summer flowers, the wrinkleleaf goldenrod 'Fireworks' - a goldenrod cultivar - blooms from summer through the fall. During a plant rescue in the mid-1970s, Ken Moore selected and named the wrinkleleaf goldenrod 'Fireworks' from a coastal plain population of the species. Its vibrant yellow flowers that resemble fireworks resulted in its byname of 'Fireworks'.
Nevada goldenrod
Solidago spectabilis
Nevada goldenrod
Nevada goldenrod is a striking perennial herb known for its vivid gold, feathery plumes of flowers which bloom atop tall, slender stems reaching up to 3 feet, thriving in open meadows and forest clearings. The lance-shaped leaves, mainly clustered at the base, provide a lush green contrast to the bright inflorescences that attract various pollinators in late summer to early fall. Adaptable to well-drained soils, nevada goldenrod stands as an emblem of wild, natural beauty.
Western rough goldenrod
Solidago radula
Western rough goldenrod
Western rough goldenrod is a perennial herbaceous plant, notable for its upright, clumping growth habit and vibrant golden-yellow flower clusters that bloom in late summer to fall. Its lance-shaped leaves, with finely toothed margins and rough texture, hug the stem in an alternating pattern, aiding in drought resistance. This sun-loving native thrives in dry, open habitats, showcasing its rugged adaptability to challenging environments.
Bog goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa
Bog goldenrod
Bog goldenrod thrives in the damp meadows and bogs it calls home. This perennial boasts narrow, lance-shaped leaves that climb its stiff, upright stem. In late summer to fall, it bursts into a spray of small, yellow, daisy-like flowers, which cluster along its upper reaches, attracting a symphony of pollinators while signaling the change of seasons.
Showy goldenrod
Solidago erecta
Showy goldenrod
Showy goldenrod is characterized by its upright stance with narrow, lance-shaped leaves and a rough, hairy stem. Flourishing in open, sunny environments, this hardy perennial showcases bright yellow flower clusters atop tall stems in late summer, attracting various pollinators. Its deep root system aids in surviving in well-drained soils and resisting droughts.
Pine barren goldenrod
Solidago fistulosa
Pine barren goldenrod
Pine barren goldenrod is readily identified by its tall, slender stems and plume-like clusters of tiny, bright yellow flowers. Typically blooming from late summer to fall, pine barren goldenrod thrives in open, sunny fields and meadows where it attracts a variety of pollinators. Its numerous narrow leaves spiral down the stem, providing a delicate backdrop to the dense, golden blooms that crown the plant.
Rocky mountain goldenrod
Solidago multiradiata
Rocky mountain goldenrod
Rocky mountain goldenrod is a perennial herb known for its bright golden-yellow flower clusters that bloom atop tall, slender stems. Its leaves are narrow and lance-shaped, often clustered near the base. This hardy flower prefers alpine and subalpine regions, thriving in open, well-drained soils where it basks in full sunlight, adapting well to challenging mountain climates.
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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Goldenrods
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Key Facts About Goldenrods

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Attributes of Goldenrods

Planting Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Plant Height
1 m
Spread
1 m
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
5 - 32 ℃

Scientific Classification of Goldenrods

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Distribution of Goldenrods

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Distribution Map of Goldenrods

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Goldenrods

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More Info About Caring for Goldenrods
species

Exploring the Goldenrods Plants

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8 most common species:
Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod
The Solidago canadensis, colloquially known as canada goldenrod, is a perennial herb native to North America. This plant can be found growing in a variety of different habitats, and it often forms colonies. In many parts of Europe and East Asia, canada goldenrod is considered an invasive species.
Solidago altissima
Canada goldenrod
The canada goldenrod is widespread across North America and is now widely spread in many countries around the world. A single plant can have as many as 1,500 flower heads and is considered as a dangerous invasive plant worldwide.
Solidago gigantea
Giant goldenrod
Giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) is an herb in the sunflower family. It is widespread in the central and eastern United States and Mexico. Giant goldenrod is found in a variety of natural habitats and nature landscaping cultivation throughout the United States and grows in moderately moist soils. It is the state flower in Kentucky and Nebraska.
Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) is a flowering perennial plant related to the sunflower. It grows across the eastern and central reaches of North America in wet and well-balanced soils. Wrinkleleaf goldenrod is widely cultivated as an ornamental garden plant.
Show More Species

All Species of Goldenrods

popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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