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Lindens
Lindens
Lindens
Lindens
Lindens (Tilia)
Also known as : Basswoods
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Perennial
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Key Facts About Lindens

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Distribution of Lindens

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Distribution Map of Lindens

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How to Grow and Care for Lindens

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Exploring the Lindens Plants

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8 most common species:
Tilia platyphyllos
Large-leaved lime
Large-leaved lime is a plant species native to Europe. Ironically, it grows in soils rich in the mineral called lime. This species' scientific name, Tilia platyphyllos, means "broad leaves." It is widely cultivated around the world as an ornamental tree, often planted in parks and city streets because of its hardy, versatile nature. Wood from the large-leaved lime is used for carving. It is an old species: its fossilized remains have been found in Turkey from the Pliocene epoch.
Tilia cordata
Small-leaved lime
Small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata) is a deciduous tree that is cultivated all over the world as an ornamental plant in parks and avenues. Honeybees like to visit the flowers; monofloral honey made from this species is considered to be very nutritious. British ship outfitters used small-leaved lime wood for onboard furniture; French shipwrights thought the weak wood was used for shipbuilding and introduced the epithet, "limey," for British people.
Tilia americana
American basswood
American basswood (Tilia americana) is a deciduous tree with a wide, rounded crown, very similar to its European cousin Tilia Cordata. A subtle difference between the species can be found on the bark - if an orange hue is present in the valleys on the bark, then it is T. Cordata.
Tilia tomentosa
Silver linden
Silver linden is a large deciduous tree that shimmers with the breeze. It has creamy white flowers rich in nectar, attracting bees and also being valuable for butterflies. In Romania, there’s a bronze bust of the poet Mihai Eminescu who often spent time under the silver linden tree with his loved one Veronica Micle.
Tilia mandshurica
Manchurian linden
Manchurian linden (Tilia mandshurica) is a deciduous tree that can grow to 12 m tall. Often compared to the American basswood or European linden trees, it produces fragrant, yellow flowers in summer. Foliage changes color in fall before becoming winter deciduous.
Tilia japonica
Japanese lime
Tilia japonica inflorescences consistently have 5 staminodes, which is a reliable trait distinguishing it from T. cordata and T. amurensis.
Tilia henryana
Henry's lime
Henry's lime is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m in height, its bark pale grey and fissured. The sea green leaves are cordate, < 10 cm long, with distinctive ciliate margins, and are borne on 3 to 5 cm petioles. The tiny pale, almost white, fragrant flowers appear in clusters of up to 51 cm autumn.
Tilia mongolica
Mongolian lime
Mongolian lime (Tilia mongolica) is an ornamental tree that is popular for its small size, making it ideal for gardens. Its serrated leaves offer several seasons of interest as they emerge as bronze, turn to green in summer, and then to yellow in the fall. The common name, "Mongolian lime," and specific epithet, mongolica, refer to this plant's native range in Mongolia.

All Species of Lindens

Large-leaved lime
Tilia platyphyllos
Large-leaved lime
Large-leaved lime is a plant species native to Europe. Ironically, it grows in soils rich in the mineral called lime. This species' scientific name, Tilia platyphyllos, means "broad leaves." It is widely cultivated around the world as an ornamental tree, often planted in parks and city streets because of its hardy, versatile nature. Wood from the large-leaved lime is used for carving. It is an old species: its fossilized remains have been found in Turkey from the Pliocene epoch.
Small-leaved lime
Tilia cordata
Small-leaved lime
Small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata) is a deciduous tree that is cultivated all over the world as an ornamental plant in parks and avenues. Honeybees like to visit the flowers; monofloral honey made from this species is considered to be very nutritious. British ship outfitters used small-leaved lime wood for onboard furniture; French shipwrights thought the weak wood was used for shipbuilding and introduced the epithet, "limey," for British people.
American basswood
Tilia americana
American basswood
American basswood (Tilia americana) is a deciduous tree with a wide, rounded crown, very similar to its European cousin Tilia Cordata. A subtle difference between the species can be found on the bark - if an orange hue is present in the valleys on the bark, then it is T. Cordata.
Silver linden
Tilia tomentosa
Silver linden
Silver linden is a large deciduous tree that shimmers with the breeze. It has creamy white flowers rich in nectar, attracting bees and also being valuable for butterflies. In Romania, there’s a bronze bust of the poet Mihai Eminescu who often spent time under the silver linden tree with his loved one Veronica Micle.
Manchurian linden
Tilia mandshurica
Manchurian linden
Manchurian linden (Tilia mandshurica) is a deciduous tree that can grow to 12 m tall. Often compared to the American basswood or European linden trees, it produces fragrant, yellow flowers in summer. Foliage changes color in fall before becoming winter deciduous.
Japanese lime
Tilia japonica
Japanese lime
Tilia japonica inflorescences consistently have 5 staminodes, which is a reliable trait distinguishing it from T. cordata and T. amurensis.
Henry's lime
Tilia henryana
Henry's lime
Henry's lime is a deciduous tree growing to 25 m in height, its bark pale grey and fissured. The sea green leaves are cordate, < 10 cm long, with distinctive ciliate margins, and are borne on 3 to 5 cm petioles. The tiny pale, almost white, fragrant flowers appear in clusters of up to 51 cm autumn.
Mongolian lime
Tilia mongolica
Mongolian lime
Mongolian lime (Tilia mongolica) is an ornamental tree that is popular for its small size, making it ideal for gardens. Its serrated leaves offer several seasons of interest as they emerge as bronze, turn to green in summer, and then to yellow in the fall. The common name, "Mongolian lime," and specific epithet, mongolica, refer to this plant's native range in Mongolia.
Amur lime
Tilia amurensis
Amur lime
Amur lime is native to the area along the Amur River, in eastern Asia, the river gives the plant its name. Amur lime is occasionally planted as an urban tree and its inner bark has been used to make shoes. This type of linden tree has showy, fragrant blossoms and attracts butterflies.
Tilia endochrysea
Tilia endochrysea
Tilia endochrysea
Tilia endochrysea (Tilia endochrysea)—often referred to as "Basswoods" in the United States—are a group of large, deciduous trees in the mallow family. Many tilia endochrysea are planted ornamentally, as they produce dense foliage that makes them excellent shade trees. Several species are harvested for their timber, which is lightweight, soft, and very workable, making it excellent for use in craft projects and model-making. Their flowers are also of great value to beekeepers.
Silver lime 'Petiolaris'
Tilia tomentosa 'Petiolaris'
Silver lime 'Petiolaris'
Silver lime 'Petiolaris' is notable for its graceful, cascading branches and heart-shaped, silver-tinged leaves that flutter in the breeze, resembling shimmering silver coins. This deciduous tree's pendant-like foliage emerges with a soft, downy texture, creating a whispery sound in the wind. Its ability to thrive in urban environments makes it a favored ornamental choice, enhancing landscapes with its serene, draping beauty.
Tilia chinensis
Tilia chinensis
Tilia chinensis
Tilia chinensis (Tilia chinensis)—often referred to as "Basswoods" in the United States—are a group of large, deciduous trees in the mallow family. Many tilia chinensis are planted ornamentally, as they produce dense foliage that makes them excellent shade trees. Several species are harvested for their timber, which is lightweight, soft, and very workable, making it excellent for use in craft projects and model-making. Their flowers are also of great value to beekeepers.
popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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About
Key Facts
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How To Care
All Species
More Genus
Lindens
Lindens
Lindens
Lindens
Lindens
Lindens
Lindens
Tilia
Also known as: Basswoods
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
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info

Key Facts About Lindens

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Attributes of Lindens

Leaf type
Deciduous

Scientific Classification of Lindens

distribution

Distribution of Lindens

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Distribution Map of Lindens

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Lindens

feedback
Feedback
feedback
More Info About Caring for Lindens
species

Exploring the Lindens Plants

feedback
Feedback
feedback
8 most common species:
Tilia platyphyllos
Large-leaved lime
Large-leaved lime is a plant species native to Europe. Ironically, it grows in soils rich in the mineral called lime. This species' scientific name, Tilia platyphyllos, means "broad leaves." It is widely cultivated around the world as an ornamental tree, often planted in parks and city streets because of its hardy, versatile nature. Wood from the large-leaved lime is used for carving. It is an old species: its fossilized remains have been found in Turkey from the Pliocene epoch.
Tilia cordata
Small-leaved lime
Small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata) is a deciduous tree that is cultivated all over the world as an ornamental plant in parks and avenues. Honeybees like to visit the flowers; monofloral honey made from this species is considered to be very nutritious. British ship outfitters used small-leaved lime wood for onboard furniture; French shipwrights thought the weak wood was used for shipbuilding and introduced the epithet, "limey," for British people.
Tilia americana
American basswood
American basswood (Tilia americana) is a deciduous tree with a wide, rounded crown, very similar to its European cousin Tilia Cordata. A subtle difference between the species can be found on the bark - if an orange hue is present in the valleys on the bark, then it is T. Cordata.
Tilia tomentosa
Silver linden
Silver linden is a large deciduous tree that shimmers with the breeze. It has creamy white flowers rich in nectar, attracting bees and also being valuable for butterflies. In Romania, there’s a bronze bust of the poet Mihai Eminescu who often spent time under the silver linden tree with his loved one Veronica Micle.
Show More Species

All Species of Lindens

popular genus

More Popular Genus

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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