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Cypresses
Cypresses
Cypresses
Cypresses
Cypresses (Cupressus)
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Perennial
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Key Facts About Cypresses

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Attributes of Cypresses

Plant Height
40 m
Spread
20 m
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃

Scientific Classification of Cypresses

distribution

Distribution of Cypresses

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Distribution Map of Cypresses

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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How to Grow and Care for Cypresses

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More Info About Caring for Cypresses
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Exploring the Cypresses Plants

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8 most common species:
Cupressus sempervirens
Mediterranean cypress
Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is a medium-sized coniferous evergreen tree that has been cultivated outside its native region as an ornamental tree for millennia. Mediterranean cypress is native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is cultivated in similar climates to the Meditteranean region, like California, South Africa, and Australia. This species is susceptible to dieback disease. The oldest living mediterranean cypress is estimated to be 4,000 years old and resides in famous ancient gardens in Iran.
Cupressus macrocarpa
Monterey cypress
The monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) is a coniferous, evergreen cypress tree native to coastal California in the United States. It is a popular tree for cultivation and landscaping and occasionally for furniture construction. The foliage of the monterey cypress is toxic to livestock.
Cupressus lusitanica
Mexican cypress
Mexican cypress, or Cupressus lusitanica, is a fast-growing and drought-tolerant species of cypress tree. Native to Central America and Mexico, this tree is not especially frost-hardy. However, it is widely grown for ornamental and timber purposes.
Cupressus arizonica
Arizona cypress
The arizona cypress is a popular evergreen for its heat and drought tolerance. The needles of the arizona cypress are soft and fragrant. It can be used for windscreens, erosion control, landscaping, and for Christmas trees.
Cupressus torulosa
Himalayan cypress
Himalayan cypress is an evergreen conifer that forms pointed leaves which give it a pronounced appearance. Himalayan cypress is now also grown as an indoor and outdoor ornamental tree. The timber is used for furniture, fine arts, and in the construction of railway carriages due to its straight grain and exquisite texture.
Cupressus funebris
Mourning cypress
Mourning cypress (Cupressus funebris) is indigenous to central and southwestern China. It’s grown as an ornamental in public parks and gardens in temperate regions of the world. In colder climates, it’s planted indoors. There’s a legendary 800-year-old specimen at Black Dragon Pool Mountain Temple near Kunming, China.
Cupressus cashmeriana
Kashmir cypress
The kashmir cypress is a striking tree is valued for its flaking bark and dangling blue-green leaves. Its tall size and wide crown make it impractical for smaller gardens, but it is an impressive specimen or shade tree for larger spaces. Its salt tolerance means that it is suitable for coastal plantings.
Cupressus sargentii
Sargent's cypress
Sargent's cypress is a vulnerable conifer that is endemic to California in the U.S. Its cones require heat to open, so this species relies solely on wildfires for reproduction.

All Species of Cypresses

Mediterranean cypress
Cupressus sempervirens
Mediterranean cypress
Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is a medium-sized coniferous evergreen tree that has been cultivated outside its native region as an ornamental tree for millennia. Mediterranean cypress is native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is cultivated in similar climates to the Meditteranean region, like California, South Africa, and Australia. This species is susceptible to dieback disease. The oldest living mediterranean cypress is estimated to be 4,000 years old and resides in famous ancient gardens in Iran.
Monterey cypress
Cupressus macrocarpa
Monterey cypress
The monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) is a coniferous, evergreen cypress tree native to coastal California in the United States. It is a popular tree for cultivation and landscaping and occasionally for furniture construction. The foliage of the monterey cypress is toxic to livestock.
Mexican cypress
Cupressus lusitanica
Mexican cypress
Mexican cypress, or Cupressus lusitanica, is a fast-growing and drought-tolerant species of cypress tree. Native to Central America and Mexico, this tree is not especially frost-hardy. However, it is widely grown for ornamental and timber purposes.
Arizona cypress
Cupressus arizonica
Arizona cypress
The arizona cypress is a popular evergreen for its heat and drought tolerance. The needles of the arizona cypress are soft and fragrant. It can be used for windscreens, erosion control, landscaping, and for Christmas trees.
Himalayan cypress
Cupressus torulosa
Himalayan cypress
Himalayan cypress is an evergreen conifer that forms pointed leaves which give it a pronounced appearance. Himalayan cypress is now also grown as an indoor and outdoor ornamental tree. The timber is used for furniture, fine arts, and in the construction of railway carriages due to its straight grain and exquisite texture.
Mourning cypress
Cupressus funebris
Mourning cypress
Mourning cypress (Cupressus funebris) is indigenous to central and southwestern China. It’s grown as an ornamental in public parks and gardens in temperate regions of the world. In colder climates, it’s planted indoors. There’s a legendary 800-year-old specimen at Black Dragon Pool Mountain Temple near Kunming, China.
Kashmir cypress
Cupressus cashmeriana
Kashmir cypress
The kashmir cypress is a striking tree is valued for its flaking bark and dangling blue-green leaves. Its tall size and wide crown make it impractical for smaller gardens, but it is an impressive specimen or shade tree for larger spaces. Its salt tolerance means that it is suitable for coastal plantings.
Sargent's cypress
Cupressus sargentii
Sargent's cypress
Sargent's cypress is a vulnerable conifer that is endemic to California in the U.S. Its cones require heat to open, so this species relies solely on wildfires for reproduction.
Italian cypress 'Swane's Gold'
Cupressus sempervirens 'Swane's Gold'
Italian cypress 'Swane's Gold'
The italian cypress 'Swane's Gold' variety of Italian cypress has dense branches and grows in a narrow formation, reaching heights of ten feet tall but only one foot wide. It is less hardy than other varieties of cypress. The variety is named after the nursery in Australia where a seedling of the plant was first sourced in the 1940s.
Arizona cypress 'Blue Ice'
Cupressus arizonica var. glabra 'Blue Ice'
Arizona cypress 'Blue Ice'
Arizona cypress 'Blue Ice' are a group of coniferous, evergreen trees. Though their wood is not of particular commercial value, many species are used ornamentally, tending to do well in warm-temperate parks and gardens. In the Hellenic culture of ancient times, these trees were believed to be sacred to the gods. Unfortunately, all arizona cypress 'Blue Ice' release massive quantities of pollen which are extremely allergenic to humans.
Monterey cypress 'Wilma'
Cupressus macrocarpa 'Wilma'
Monterey cypress 'Wilma'
Monterey cypress 'Wilma' is a Monterey Cyprus cultivar with bright chartreuse foliage. It is sometimes known as Lemon Cyprus, because when its needles are crushed they smell like lemon. This is a hardy cultivar which can be grown indoors or in small gardens. Reaching up to 1.5 m under the right conditions, it can also be used for screening and hedges.
Cypresses 'Goldcrest'
Cupressus macrocarpa 'Goldcrest'
Cypresses 'Goldcrest'
The cypresses 'Goldcrest' (Cupressus macrocarpa 'Goldcrest') is a popular landscaping cultivar due to the bright yellow appearance for which it was named. This plant derives from Monterey cypress (Hesperocyparis macrocarpa/Cupressus macrocarpa) and is different from other cultivars in the species due to its open branch structure and faster growth rates.
Tecate cypress
Cupressus guadalupensis var. forbesii
Tecate cypress
Tecate cypress is a resilient evergreen conifer with a narrow, conical growth habit, reaching up to 10 meters in height. Its scale-like blue-green leaves clasp tightly around the branches, and as it matures, the bark becomes fibrous and furrowed. Adaptive to arid climates, tecate cypress's dense canopy provides shelter for wildlife while enduring the harsh conditions of its native habitat.
Saharan cypress
Cupressus dupreziana
Saharan cypress
Saharan cypress is a rare conifer notable for its resilience in arid conditions, growing in a tight, often solitary stance. Its dense, gray-green foliage and narrow, upright form are distinguished by multiple cones, with some staying unopened for years as a survival adaptation. Adapted to its harsh native habitat, saharan cypress's thick bark and deep root system exemplify its drought tolerance.
Santa cruz cypress
Cupressus goveniana var. abramsiana
Santa cruz cypress
Santa cruz cypress is a rare and evergreen conifer native to the coastal regions of California. It features a narrow, conical growth habit, reaching heights of up to 10 meters. The tree's scale-like leaves are a gray-green hue, offering a striking contrast to its reddish-brown, fibrous bark. Adapted to dry conditions, santa cruz cypress thrives in sandy soils and is often found amidst chaparral and woodlands, showcasing a resilience to wildfires and drought.
Gowen cypress
Cupressus goveniana
Gowen cypress
Gowen cypress is a small to medium-sized coniferous tree characterized by its pyramidal shape and twisted branches. Its dark green to grayish foliage consists of scale-like leaves, and it bears small, spherical cones. Native to the coastal regions of California, gowen cypress thrives in sandy soils and is adapted to resist seasonal droughts, illustrating a resilience that is mirrored in its thick, fibrous bark, which protects against wildfires.
Yunnan cypress
Cupressus duclouxiana
Yunnan cypress
Yunnan cypress is a coniferous tree known for its graceful, spreading crown and attractive shredding bark. It typically grows in mountainous regions, where its hardy nature allows it to withstand the challenges of high elevations. The foliage comprises dense, blue-green scales, giving it a lush appearance year-round. Its adaptability to rocky soils reflects a coevolution with rugged landscapes.
Cupressus arizonica var. nevadensis
Cupressus arizonica var. nevadensis
Cupressus arizonica var. nevadensis
Cupressus arizonica var. nevadensis is a species of cypress native to the high desert ecosystems, with a penchant for thriving in arid conditions. Its slender blue-green needles and flaking grey-brown bark showcase its resilience against the dry climate. Adaptable in form, it can present as a shrub or a tree, growing up to 25 feet tall, offering shelter and vertical accents in the sparse landscapes it inhabits.
Shasta cypress
Cupressus macnabiana
Shasta cypress
Shasta cypress is a compact evergreen conifer with a characteristically gnarled appearance, thriving in the rocky and arid regions of California. It boasts a dense, irregular crown with fine-textured gray-green foliage. The plant's small scale-like leaves contribute to its distinctive texture, while spherical cones offer a hint of ornamentation. Adapted to fire-prone habitats, shasta cypress's thick bark aids in survival amidst natural wildfires.
Smooth-barked arizona cypress
Cupressus arizonica var. glabra
Smooth-barked arizona cypress
The smooth-barked arizona cypress is a resilient conifer native to the American Southwest. It exhibits a smooth, gray bark and scales on its foliage that adapt well to arid conditions. Growing to impressive heights, this evergreen's silvery-blue needles add a distinctive touch to landscapes. Its ability to thrive in hot, dry environments showcases the plant's excellent drought tolerance.
popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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info

Key Facts About Cypresses

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Feedback
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Attributes of Cypresses

Plant Height
40 m
Spread
20 m
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃

Scientific Classification of Cypresses

distribution

Distribution of Cypresses

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Distribution Map of Cypresses

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Cypresses

feedback
Feedback
feedback
More Info About Caring for Cypresses
species

Exploring the Cypresses Plants

feedback
Feedback
feedback
8 most common species:
Cupressus sempervirens
Mediterranean cypress
Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is a medium-sized coniferous evergreen tree that has been cultivated outside its native region as an ornamental tree for millennia. Mediterranean cypress is native to the eastern Mediterranean region. It is cultivated in similar climates to the Meditteranean region, like California, South Africa, and Australia. This species is susceptible to dieback disease. The oldest living mediterranean cypress is estimated to be 4,000 years old and resides in famous ancient gardens in Iran.
Cupressus macrocarpa
Monterey cypress
The monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) is a coniferous, evergreen cypress tree native to coastal California in the United States. It is a popular tree for cultivation and landscaping and occasionally for furniture construction. The foliage of the monterey cypress is toxic to livestock.
Cupressus lusitanica
Mexican cypress
Mexican cypress, or Cupressus lusitanica, is a fast-growing and drought-tolerant species of cypress tree. Native to Central America and Mexico, this tree is not especially frost-hardy. However, it is widely grown for ornamental and timber purposes.
Cupressus arizonica
Arizona cypress
The arizona cypress is a popular evergreen for its heat and drought tolerance. The needles of the arizona cypress are soft and fragrant. It can be used for windscreens, erosion control, landscaping, and for Christmas trees.
Show More Species

All Species of Cypresses

popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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