Botanical name: Philodendron
Botanical name: Philodendron
Philodendrons represent a large genus of tropical, evergreen, flowering perennials. The Latin name was derived from Greek, with philo- meaning "love, " and dendron meanig "tree" - probably due to the large distinctly heart-shaped leaves of the key species. A very large number of growth strategies is represented within the genus, so philodendrons can be epiphytic, hemiepiphytic, terrestrial, or a combination of these. Many species are popular houseplants
Species of Philodendrons
Philodendron 'Red Baron'
Philodendron 'Red Baron' represent a large genus of tropical, evergreen, flowering perennials. The Latin name was derived from Greek, with philo- meaning "love, " and dendron meanig "tree" - probably due to the large distinctly heart-shaped leaves of the key species. A very large number of growth strategies is represented within the genus, so philodendron 'Red Baron' can be epiphytic, hemiepiphytic, terrestrial, or a combination of these. Many species are popular houseplants
Black majesty (Philodendron 'Majesty') a worldwide sensation among plant enthusiasts, one of the rarest, dark-leafed hybrids of the Philodendron genus. Its large leaves can range in color from black to burgundy, copper, and green. It will flourish in indirect bright light and temperatures between 13 to 27 ℃.
Philodendron Fat Boy
An epiphyte with unusual qualities, philodendron Fat Boy can grow large enough to weigh down the trees it grows on. If its supporting tree falls, however, this plant can easily root in soil, where it often grows larger and faster than it did before. It has caught on as a houseplant, but potted specimens often remain smaller than those grown naturally.
Philodendrons 'Brasil' has variegated leaves that feature striking golden stripes. It prefers bright, indirect light and moist soil. This easy-to-grow plant can be trained to climb walls or trellises, making it a popular choice for home decor.
Philodendron 'lemon lime'
Due to its low-maintenance needs and handsome looks, philodendron 'lemon lime' (Philodendron 'Lemon Lime') is a fashionable choice for schools, shopping centers, offices, and homes. Its leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Eating can result in swelling of the lips and tongue and upset stomach with possible vomiting.
Philodendron 'Imperial Red'
Philodendron 'Imperial Red' is a member of the Philodendrons genus. It is prized among gardeners for its compact, bushy growth habit and its attractive leaf coloration. The glossy, oval leaves emerge red, developing a purplish hint as they mature until they finally become dark green.
Philodendron 'Birkin' is a slow-growing, compact philodendron 'Birkin' cultivar. It is often used as a houseplant. It offers large, dark green leaves with streaks of cream-white. Each leaf has a slightly different pattern, adding to its dramatic look. A rare cultivar, philodendron 'Birkin' is considered to be somewhat of a collector's item among gardeners.
A popular houseplant, philodendrons 'Micans'’s trailing growth habit makes it ideal for hanging baskets and containers or as a ground cover in warmer climate gardens. Its dark-colored leaves add to its appeal and their shape gives the tropical plant the occasional common name of ‘sweetheart plant.’
Philodendrons 'Cobra', a philodendron cultivar, has strong, thick, deep green leaves that have an elongated oval shape. The lustrous leaves tend to have random speckles of creamy-white spots. Gardeners seek out this cultivar for its rarity and its unique, exotic appearance.
The giant philodendron is the largest species of Philodendron in the world. Its huge leaves are so heavy that it must climb other plants or structures for support once it reaches adulthood.
Velvet Leaf Philodendron
Velvet Leaf Philodendron, a type of Philodendron, is a popular houseplant despite its unpleasant common name. In the wild, it is what's called an obligate epiphyte, which must grow on and partially parasitize other plants to survive.
Philodendron hederaceum is an evergreen climbing plant originating from the West Indies. It is a widely cultivated houseplant, famous for its glossy, heart-shaped leaves, hence the common name heartleaf philodendron. It contains calcium oxalate crystals, so it can be mildly toxic when ingested.
Black gold philodendron
A vining variety of philodendron, black gold philodendron makes a striking houseplant with its long, dark green leaves with a velvety texture and pale, distinctive veins. Black gold philodendron grows best in indirect light and warm temperatures.
Philodendron 'Brasil' represent a large genus of tropical, evergreen, flowering perennials. The Latin name was derived from Greek, with philo- meaning "love, " and dendron meanig "tree" - probably due to the large distinctly heart-shaped leaves of the key species. A very large number of growth strategies is represented within the genus, so philodendron 'Brasil' can be epiphytic, hemiepiphytic, terrestrial, or a combination of these. Many species are popular houseplants
Philodendron domesticum, also called spadeleaf philodendron or burgundy philodendron, is a plant in the genus Philodendron. Its arrow-shaped glossy leaves grow to be 56 cm long and 23 cm wide when mature. Philodendron domesticum is also commonly grown as a houseplant in temperate climates.
Philodendrons 'Atom' is a non-climbing dwarf cultivar that grows dark, wavy leaves in an upright and compact manner. Hybridized from a variety of other philodendrons, this cultivar got its name for its small and contained growth habit. Philodendrons 'Atom' is popular among gardeners for its lovely foliage, manageable growth, and ease of care.
Sweetheart plant (Philodendron 'Imperial Green') is a finicky plant that will thrive only in temperatures of 16 to 29 ℃. Hot and cold drafts can cause leaf damage. It's grown for its deep green, elephant ear-shaped leaves and is a compact, low maintenance choice for homes and offices, giving any space a tropical touch.
Philodendron ernestii is a tropical plant that is a popular choice for indoor gardening. Its large, glossy leaves are deep green and have a unique heart shape. This plant is easy to care for and can grow up to 1.2 m-1.8 m tall, making it a statement piece in any room.
Moonlight philodendron is differentiated by its unique foliage among both green and yellow varieties. The leaves and newly formed growth are a vibrant yellowish-green color, which is why it is sometimes called a lime philodendron. It also has a shrub-like growth habit, unlike other varieties that produce long vines.
Philodendron 'pink princess'
Philodendron 'pink princess' is a tropical plant known for its beautiful, pink and green variegated leaves. It is a popular choice for indoor gardening due to its ability to thrive in a wide range of lighting conditions and its relatively low maintenance requirements. Philodendron 'pink princess' is also a great choice for adding a touch of color and tropical flair to a home or garden. Its long, slender vines and heart-shaped leaves can bring a tropical feel to any space. The plant is native to South America and is known for its ability to adapt to a variety of conditions, making it a versatile and easy-to-care-for addition to any garden.
Typically found growing in forests where the vine climbs up trees, warty philodendron is also a popular houseplant prized for its unique foliage. The heart-shaped leaves are covered in velvety hairs and have attractive marbling that increases as the plant matures.
White wizard is a hard-to-find but easy-growing tropical whose white splattered leaves put on a gorgeous display in pots, hanging baskets, or outdoors as a landscape plant in mild climates. An ideal temperature range of 13 to 29 ℃ will keep the foliage happy.
Philodendron 'Imperial Green'
A cultivar of Philodendron erubescens, philodendron 'Imperial Green' is a popular houseplant grown for its attractive foliage and growth habit. Unlike some other species in the genus, philodendron 'Imperial Green' does not produce vines. Instead, the large, glossy leaves grow from upright stems.
'Red Emerald' Philodendron
All blushing philodendrons have some red highlights, normally in the petioles of the leaves, but 'Red Emerald' Philodendron has by far the most, with red or purplish-red petioles, leaf veins, flower spathes, and sometimes very thin leaf margins. Its extra-showy looks make this the most popular cultivar of this common climbing houseplant.
Glorious jungle philodendron
Glorious jungle philodendron (*Philodendron gloriosum*) is a type of philodendron with a creeping growth habit. This slow-growing ornamental prefers loose, well-draining soil, and it's one of the easiest philodendrons to grow. It is poisonous to both humans and pets, so be sure to keep it out of wandering hands and mouths!
Xanadu (Philodendron xanadu) is often called "Winterbourn," and is cultivated for indoor use. It thrives in brighter conditions compared to most other philodendrons. However, it grows best in direct artificial light or direct sunlight. This species will turn yellow if it is kept too moist.
Originating from South America, Philodendron bipinnatifidum is commonly cultivated for landscaping in warm and tropical environments, including Florida, California, South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia. Selloum sap causes skin discomfort and chewing or ingesting can result in decreased respiratory functionality.
Blushing philodendron (Philodendron erubescens) is a climbing evergreen plant that is commonly cultivated as a houseplant. Blushing philodendron is a preferable houseplant because it does not need much regular maintenance. Mature species sometimes produce a reddish-purple flower. This species cannot tolerate lower temperatures.
Philodendron aurantiifolium represent a large genus of tropical, evergreen, flowering perennials. The Latin name was derived from Greek, with philo- meaning "love, " and dendron meanig "tree" - probably due to the large distinctly heart-shaped leaves of the key species. A very large number of growth strategies is represented within the genus, so philodendron aurantiifolium can be epiphytic, hemiepiphytic, terrestrial, or a combination of these. Many species are popular houseplants