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Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns (Dryopteris)
Also known as : Male ferns
Wood ferns are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb/Vine
info

Key Facts About Wood ferns

Attributes of Wood ferns

Plant Height
1 m
Spread
1 m
Leaf type
Deciduous

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Woodfern leaves are like the tail of a squirrel. Each leaf is arranged on the stem in an orderly manner, and gradually shortens from the bottom to the head. The orderly arranged woodfern really soothes obsessive-compulsive disorders.

Scientific Classification of Wood ferns

distribution

Distribution of Wood ferns

Distribution Map of Wood ferns

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
species

Exploring the Wood ferns Plants

8 most common species:
Dryopteris filix-mas
Male fern
Male fern thrives in part to full shade, which makes it a nice choice for understandings, or areas that don't get enough sun for other plants to thrive. This graceful plant grows in clumps, will return year after year, and is resistant to rabbits.
Dryopteris erythrosora
Autumn fern
Autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) is an evergreen fern whose new fronds emerge as reddish-orange in spring, providing a colorful contrast against the dark green mature fronds. It prefers partial shade to full shade. Grows best in moist to wet, organically-rich soil.
Dryopteris carthusiana
Spinulose woodfern
The spinulose woodfern (Dryopteris carthusiana) is native to parts of the United States and is commonly found in wetlands. It is used in gardens, particularly in the shady areas of woodland, rock, native plant or wild gardens. Long-living in partial to full shade.
Dryopteris celsa
Log Fern
Log Fern (Dryopteris celsa) can be found growing in areas of heavy shade on rich soils and rotten wood in the eastern United States. This plant is a fertile hybrid of the species Dryopteris goldiana and Dryopteris ludoviciana. Log Fern is also grown ornamentally for its complex and attractive leaves.
Dryopteris intermedia
Intermediate wood fern
The intermediate wood fern is an evergreen fern found across North America and Europe. It's popular for woodland or shade gardens. It is easy to grow in well-drained soils and can tolerate high humidity.
Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal wood fern
The marginal wood fern is a hardy fern whose tough, leathery fronds stay green all year round. It can grow in full sun to full shade and is extremely drought-tolerant. Sometimes, its rootstock can be exposed, making it look like a small tree.
Dryopteris affinis
Scaly male fern
This plant gains its common name Scaly male fern from the scales on its stems. Scaly male fern is popular for this reason and because of its magnificent shuttlecock-shaped fronds. It is very well respected and even won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Dryopteris expansa
Spreading woodfern
Spreading woodfern (Dryopteris expansa) is a deciduous fern that thrives in partial to full shade in moist, well-drained soils. Great for woodland gardens where it can get plenty of shade, it is not an invasive or unruly plant. Its brightly colored, light green foliage provides a beautiful background for a variety of flowers.

All Species of Wood ferns

Male fern
Dryopteris filix-mas
Male fern
Male fern thrives in part to full shade, which makes it a nice choice for understandings, or areas that don't get enough sun for other plants to thrive. This graceful plant grows in clumps, will return year after year, and is resistant to rabbits.
Autumn fern
Dryopteris erythrosora
Autumn fern
Autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) is an evergreen fern whose new fronds emerge as reddish-orange in spring, providing a colorful contrast against the dark green mature fronds. It prefers partial shade to full shade. Grows best in moist to wet, organically-rich soil.
Spinulose woodfern
Dryopteris carthusiana
Spinulose woodfern
The spinulose woodfern (Dryopteris carthusiana) is native to parts of the United States and is commonly found in wetlands. It is used in gardens, particularly in the shady areas of woodland, rock, native plant or wild gardens. Long-living in partial to full shade.
Log Fern
Dryopteris celsa
Log Fern
Log Fern (Dryopteris celsa) can be found growing in areas of heavy shade on rich soils and rotten wood in the eastern United States. This plant is a fertile hybrid of the species Dryopteris goldiana and Dryopteris ludoviciana. Log Fern is also grown ornamentally for its complex and attractive leaves.
Intermediate wood fern
Dryopteris intermedia
Intermediate wood fern
The intermediate wood fern is an evergreen fern found across North America and Europe. It's popular for woodland or shade gardens. It is easy to grow in well-drained soils and can tolerate high humidity.
Marginal wood fern
Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal wood fern
The marginal wood fern is a hardy fern whose tough, leathery fronds stay green all year round. It can grow in full sun to full shade and is extremely drought-tolerant. Sometimes, its rootstock can be exposed, making it look like a small tree.
Scaly male fern
Dryopteris affinis
Scaly male fern
This plant gains its common name Scaly male fern from the scales on its stems. Scaly male fern is popular for this reason and because of its magnificent shuttlecock-shaped fronds. It is very well respected and even won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Spreading woodfern
Dryopteris expansa
Spreading woodfern
Spreading woodfern (Dryopteris expansa) is a deciduous fern that thrives in partial to full shade in moist, well-drained soils. Great for woodland gardens where it can get plenty of shade, it is not an invasive or unruly plant. Its brightly colored, light green foliage provides a beautiful background for a variety of flowers.
Broad buckler fern
Dryopteris dilatata
Broad buckler fern
Broad buckler fern is a wide-spreading deciduous semi-evergreen fern that is mistaken for other ferns but is distinguished by its darker center. Its finely cut fronds look similar to lace. Broad buckler fern is resistant to deer and rabbits. When cultivated, it is best used in shaded gardens and woodlands.
Coastal woodfern
Dryopteris arguta
Coastal woodfern
Coastal woodfern is a woody, mountain fern of North America that grows between sea level and 1800 m. It's not commonly cultivated, because it hosts Phytophthora ramorum, a plant pathogen that causes Sudden Oak Death (SOD).
Crested woodfern
Dryopteris cristata
Crested woodfern
The crested woodfern (Dryopteris cristata) is native to the Northern Hemisphere. It can only grow with year-long moisture as a wetland plant, and fronds are quite high.
Asian pacific beaded wood fern
Dryopteris pacifica
Asian pacific beaded wood fern
Asian pacific beaded wood fern are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Uniform wood fern
Dryopteris uniformis
Uniform wood fern
Uniform wood fern are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Broad buckler fern 'Crispa Whiteside'
Dryopteris dilatata 'Crispa Whiteside'
Broad buckler fern 'Crispa Whiteside'
Broad buckler fern 'Crispa Whiteside' is a variety of the Broad buckler fern. This cultivar is more compact than the parent plant and other cultivars. It also has fronds that are more heavily ruffled than others. Its name derives from Robert Whiteside, an English fern enthusiast who found the variety.
Autumn fern 'Brilliance'
Dryopteris erythrosora 'Brilliance'
Autumn fern 'Brilliance'
Autumn fern 'Brilliance' is a cultivar of the evergreen fern D. erythrosora, characterized by the orange-red-bronze-colored new fronds that appear in the spring and exceptionally bright orange-red ripe spores on the leaves' undersides in the autumn. The color of the young fronds against the old, dark-green ones creates an especially attractive contrast. Autumn fern 'Brilliance' is a winner of the prestigious Royal Horticultural Society's Garden of Merit Award.
Dryopteris simasakii
Dryopteris simasakii
Dryopteris simasakii
Dryopteris simasakii are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Champion's wood fern
Dryopteris championii
Champion's wood fern
Named after John George Champion, the English botanist who brought the species from China to England, champion's wood fern is a robust evergreen or semi-evergreen fern. It is a popular ornamental fern, particularly due to its fronds that remain through the winter, providing winter interest.
Dryopteris peranema
Dryopteris peranema
Dryopteris peranema
Dryopteris peranema is a fern native to Southeast Asia. Like all ferns, this plant propagates itself via a long, tuberous root known as a rhizome. The leaf shape of this plant is typically fernlike, but the small leaf lobes are particularly and characteristically rounded.
Dryopteris sacrosancta
Dryopteris sacrosancta
Dryopteris sacrosancta
Dryopteris sacrosancta are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Japanese holly fern
Dryopteris varia
Japanese holly fern
Japanese holly fern are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Tokyo wood fern
Dryopteris tokyoensis
Tokyo wood fern
Dryopteris tokyoensis (Tokyo wood fern, 东京鳞毛蕨) is an erect, vase-shaped, deciduous fern native to Japan, as well as Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang provinces in China. These ferns grow to 90–110 cm in height, with each frond containing 20–40 pairs of shallow-lobed, lance-shaped pinnae.
Dryopteris sparsa
Dryopteris sparsa
Dryopteris sparsa
Dryopteris sparsa are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Dryopteris gymnophylla
Dryopteris gymnophylla
Dryopteris gymnophylla
Dryopteris gymnophylla are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
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The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
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Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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About
Key Facts
Distribution
All Species
More Genus
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Wood ferns
Dryopteris
Also known as: Male ferns
Wood ferns are a fern genus containing hundreds of species. The species of this genus are known to create hybrids with different sets of chromosomes. They are used as garden ornamentals and can be a great addition to mixed borders or as container plants. Once established, these shade-loving plants are easy to care for.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb/Vine
info

Key Facts About Wood ferns

Attributes of Wood ferns

Plant Height
1 m
Spread
1 m
Leaf type
Deciduous

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Woodfern leaves are like the tail of a squirrel. Each leaf is arranged on the stem in an orderly manner, and gradually shortens from the bottom to the head. The orderly arranged woodfern really soothes obsessive-compulsive disorders.

Scientific Classification of Wood ferns

distribution

Distribution of Wood ferns

Distribution Map of Wood ferns

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
species

Exploring the Wood ferns Plants

8 most common species:
Dryopteris filix-mas
Male fern
Male fern thrives in part to full shade, which makes it a nice choice for understandings, or areas that don't get enough sun for other plants to thrive. This graceful plant grows in clumps, will return year after year, and is resistant to rabbits.
Dryopteris erythrosora
Autumn fern
Autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) is an evergreen fern whose new fronds emerge as reddish-orange in spring, providing a colorful contrast against the dark green mature fronds. It prefers partial shade to full shade. Grows best in moist to wet, organically-rich soil.
Dryopteris carthusiana
Spinulose woodfern
The spinulose woodfern (Dryopteris carthusiana) is native to parts of the United States and is commonly found in wetlands. It is used in gardens, particularly in the shady areas of woodland, rock, native plant or wild gardens. Long-living in partial to full shade.
Dryopteris celsa
Log Fern
Log Fern (Dryopteris celsa) can be found growing in areas of heavy shade on rich soils and rotten wood in the eastern United States. This plant is a fertile hybrid of the species Dryopteris goldiana and Dryopteris ludoviciana. Log Fern is also grown ornamentally for its complex and attractive leaves.
Show More Species

All Species of Wood ferns

popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
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unlimited guides at your fingertips...
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