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Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes (Thuja)
Also known as : Cedars
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Perennial
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Key Facts About Arborvitaes

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Distribution of Arborvitaes

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Exploring the Arborvitaes Plants

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8 most common species:
Thuja occidentalis
Arborvitae
Northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) is a small- to medium-sized evergreen conifer native to North America, and can be found in a variety of environments, including forested wetlands and along cliffs. Essential oils are produced using northern white cedar, and it also finds use as an ornamental plant. Due to its increasing popularity in landscaping, more compact plants have been used to develop smaller strains.
Thuja plicata
Western red cedar
Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) is a cedar tree species native to the western United States. Despite its name, the western red cedar is not considered a true cedar. Instead, it belongs to the Cypress family. This species is commercially used to make decks, siding, and the soundboards of guitars.
Thuja standishii
Japanese thuja
It is a medium-sized tree, reaching 20 to 35 m tall and with a trunk up to 1 m diameter. The foliage forms in flat sprays with scale-like leaves 2 to 4 mm long, matte green above, and with narrow white stomatal bands below. The cones are oval, yellow-green ripening red-brown, 6 to 12 mm long and 4 to 5 mm broad (opening to 8 mm broad), with 6–10 overlapping scales.
Thuja 'Green Giant'
Arborvitaes 'Green Giant'
Arborvitaes 'Green Giant' truly lives up to its name, growing 91 to 122 cm each year until maturity (reaching anywhere from 12 to 18 m) total. This tall, evergreen, coniferous tree grows in a pyramidal shape and is the hybrid of the western red cedar and Japanese cedar.
Thuja occidentalis 'Rheingold'
Arborvitae 'Rheingold'
Arborvitae 'Rheingold' is a slow-growing, dwarf, cone-shaped shrub that offers beautiful bright golden, fan-shaped clusters of foliage that turn bronze-yellow in winter. It is a cultivar of the Arborvitae tree and is named for its golden colors. It is favored for its durability and small height - at maturity, it is only 1.5 m tall.
Thuja plicata 'Fluffy'
Western red cedar 'Fluffy'
The western red cedar 'Fluffy' is a miniature of its parent, reaching only 1.5 to 3 m versus the37 to 46 m height of the standard western red cedar. With cheerful year-round golden-green foliage, these dwarf cedars have a pyramid shape with fluffy foliage. This tree-of-life is a low maintenance sun-lover, perfect for hedges and being surrounded by flowers to compliment its golden coloring.
Thuja koraiensis
Korean thuja
Thuja koraiensis, also called Korean arborvitae, is a species of Thuja, native to Korea and the extreme northeast of China (Changbaishan). Its current status is poorly known; the small population in China is protected in the Changbaishan Nature Reserve, as is the small population in Soraksan Nature Reserve in northern South Korea, but most of the species' range in North Korea is unprotected and threatened by habitat loss. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 3–10 m tall. The foliage forms flat sprays with scale-like leaves 2–4 mm long (up to 15 mm long on strong-growing shoots), matt dark green above, and with broad, vivid white stomatal wax bands below. The cones are oval, yellow-green ripening red-brown, 7–11 mm long and 4–5 mm broad (opening to 6–9 mm broad), with 8-12 overlapping scales. It is occasionally grown as an ornamental tree for the contrast between the green upper and bright white lower sides of the foliage, though planting is limited by the low availability of seeds.
Thuja plicata 'Atrovirens'
Western red cedar 'Atrovirens'
Western red cedar 'Atrovirens' is a Western red cedar cultivar, noted for its slightly slower growth rate than its parent plant, as well as its more slender shape. The foliage of this cultivar is somewhat darker and glossier than other western red cedar 'Atrovirens' cultivars, hence the name ("atrovirens" translates as "very dark green").

All Species of Arborvitaes

Arborvitae
Thuja occidentalis
Arborvitae
Northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) is a small- to medium-sized evergreen conifer native to North America, and can be found in a variety of environments, including forested wetlands and along cliffs. Essential oils are produced using northern white cedar, and it also finds use as an ornamental plant. Due to its increasing popularity in landscaping, more compact plants have been used to develop smaller strains.
Western red cedar
Thuja plicata
Western red cedar
Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) is a cedar tree species native to the western United States. Despite its name, the western red cedar is not considered a true cedar. Instead, it belongs to the Cypress family. This species is commercially used to make decks, siding, and the soundboards of guitars.
Japanese thuja
Thuja standishii
Japanese thuja
It is a medium-sized tree, reaching 20 to 35 m tall and with a trunk up to 1 m diameter. The foliage forms in flat sprays with scale-like leaves 2 to 4 mm long, matte green above, and with narrow white stomatal bands below. The cones are oval, yellow-green ripening red-brown, 6 to 12 mm long and 4 to 5 mm broad (opening to 8 mm broad), with 6–10 overlapping scales.
Arborvitaes 'Green Giant'
Thuja 'Green Giant'
Arborvitaes 'Green Giant'
Arborvitaes 'Green Giant' truly lives up to its name, growing 91 to 122 cm each year until maturity (reaching anywhere from 12 to 18 m) total. This tall, evergreen, coniferous tree grows in a pyramidal shape and is the hybrid of the western red cedar and Japanese cedar.
Arborvitae 'Rheingold'
Thuja occidentalis 'Rheingold'
Arborvitae 'Rheingold'
Arborvitae 'Rheingold' is a slow-growing, dwarf, cone-shaped shrub that offers beautiful bright golden, fan-shaped clusters of foliage that turn bronze-yellow in winter. It is a cultivar of the Arborvitae tree and is named for its golden colors. It is favored for its durability and small height - at maturity, it is only 1.5 m tall.
Western red cedar 'Fluffy'
Thuja plicata 'Fluffy'
Western red cedar 'Fluffy'
The western red cedar 'Fluffy' is a miniature of its parent, reaching only 1.5 to 3 m versus the37 to 46 m height of the standard western red cedar. With cheerful year-round golden-green foliage, these dwarf cedars have a pyramid shape with fluffy foliage. This tree-of-life is a low maintenance sun-lover, perfect for hedges and being surrounded by flowers to compliment its golden coloring.
Korean thuja
Thuja koraiensis
Korean thuja
Thuja koraiensis, also called Korean arborvitae, is a species of Thuja, native to Korea and the extreme northeast of China (Changbaishan). Its current status is poorly known; the small population in China is protected in the Changbaishan Nature Reserve, as is the small population in Soraksan Nature Reserve in northern South Korea, but most of the species' range in North Korea is unprotected and threatened by habitat loss. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 3–10 m tall. The foliage forms flat sprays with scale-like leaves 2–4 mm long (up to 15 mm long on strong-growing shoots), matt dark green above, and with broad, vivid white stomatal wax bands below. The cones are oval, yellow-green ripening red-brown, 7–11 mm long and 4–5 mm broad (opening to 6–9 mm broad), with 8-12 overlapping scales. It is occasionally grown as an ornamental tree for the contrast between the green upper and bright white lower sides of the foliage, though planting is limited by the low availability of seeds.
Western red cedar 'Atrovirens'
Thuja plicata 'Atrovirens'
Western red cedar 'Atrovirens'
Western red cedar 'Atrovirens' is a Western red cedar cultivar, noted for its slightly slower growth rate than its parent plant, as well as its more slender shape. The foliage of this cultivar is somewhat darker and glossier than other western red cedar 'Atrovirens' cultivars, hence the name ("atrovirens" translates as "very dark green").
Western red cedar 'Irish Gold'
Thuja plicata 'Irish Gold'
Western red cedar 'Irish Gold'
Western red cedar 'Irish Gold' lives up to its name, since this cedar has striking golden-green foliage. This contrasts with the green leaves of the parent tree, which is also much bigger than this dwarf hybrid, towering up to ten times its 7 m height. This is a good hedging tree and thrives in most well-drained, damp soils.
Arborvitae 'Holmstrup'
Thuja occidentalis 'Holmstrup'
Arborvitae 'Holmstrup'
Arborvitae 'Holmstrup' grows in a dense, columnar shape with sprays of rich green foliage that retains their color through the winter. It is a cultivar of the Arborvitae tree and is named for the city of Holmstrup, in Denmark, where it was bred. Gardeners favor it is low-maintenance, disease-resistant, and responds well to shearing and shaping.
Arborvitae 'Janed Gold'
Thuja occidentalis 'Janed Gold'
Arborvitae 'Janed Gold'
Arborvitae 'Janed Gold' is a vibrant evergreen conifer with a distinctive golden-yellow foliage that becomes more pronounced in full sun. Its conical shape and scaled leaves are common to its species, but the bright hue makes it a striking specimen in landscapes. Tolerant of cold, arborvitae 'Janed Gold' displays resilience in various soils, requiring minimal care to maintain its compact, radiant appearance.
Western red cedar '4ever'
Thuja plicata '4ever'
Western red cedar '4ever'
Western red cedar '4ever' is a natural mutation of the Western cedar cultivar 'Martin'. It is distinguished by its narrow, pyramidal growth habit and brilliant, yellow-green foliage that becomes coppery-bronze in the fall. When the temperature goes up back in the spring, this evergreen conifer becomes greenish again.
Arborvitae 'Danica'
Thuja occidentalis 'Danica'
Arborvitae 'Danica'
Arborvitae 'Danica' is a small shrub with a mounded shape and flaky, red-brown bark. It has attractive bright yellow-green to green foliage that turns blueish in winter. This cultivar of the Arborvitae tree named after the nation of Denmark. Gardeners often choose this cultivar for its hardiness and its small size - at maturity, it stands only 51 cm tall.
Arborvitaes 'Sunny Smaragd'
Thuja 'Sunny Smaragd'
Arborvitaes 'Sunny Smaragd'
Arborvitaes 'Sunny Smaragd' is a compact, upright, pyramidal tree that only grows up to 3 m. The name ‘Sunny Smaragd’ refers to this tree’s sunny emerald foliage. Though arborvitaes 'Sunny Smaragd' is much smaller than other Smaragd thujas, the growth rate is much faster.
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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Arborvitaes
Thuja
Also known as: Cedars
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Tree
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Key Facts About Arborvitaes

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Attributes of Arborvitaes

Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Harvest Time
Fall
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
5 - 32 ℃

Scientific Classification of Arborvitaes

distribution

Distribution of Arborvitaes

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Distribution Map of Arborvitaes

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Arborvitaes

feedback
Feedback
feedback
More Info About Caring for Arborvitaes
species

Exploring the Arborvitaes Plants

feedback
Feedback
feedback
8 most common species:
Thuja occidentalis
Arborvitae
Northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) is a small- to medium-sized evergreen conifer native to North America, and can be found in a variety of environments, including forested wetlands and along cliffs. Essential oils are produced using northern white cedar, and it also finds use as an ornamental plant. Due to its increasing popularity in landscaping, more compact plants have been used to develop smaller strains.
Thuja plicata
Western red cedar
Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) is a cedar tree species native to the western United States. Despite its name, the western red cedar is not considered a true cedar. Instead, it belongs to the Cypress family. This species is commercially used to make decks, siding, and the soundboards of guitars.
Thuja standishii
Japanese thuja
It is a medium-sized tree, reaching 20 to 35 m tall and with a trunk up to 1 m diameter. The foliage forms in flat sprays with scale-like leaves 2 to 4 mm long, matte green above, and with narrow white stomatal bands below. The cones are oval, yellow-green ripening red-brown, 6 to 12 mm long and 4 to 5 mm broad (opening to 8 mm broad), with 6–10 overlapping scales.
Thuja 'Green Giant'
Arborvitaes 'Green Giant'
Arborvitaes 'Green Giant' truly lives up to its name, growing 91 to 122 cm each year until maturity (reaching anywhere from 12 to 18 m) total. This tall, evergreen, coniferous tree grows in a pyramidal shape and is the hybrid of the western red cedar and Japanese cedar.
Show More Species

All Species of Arborvitaes

popular genus

More Popular Genus

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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