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Common bean play
Common bean
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Common bean
Common bean
Common bean
Common bean
Common bean
Phaseolus vulgaris
Also known as : Green bean, Pole bean
Common bean is one of the most widely produced cash crops in the world, with 23.6 million tons grown in 2016. China is the largest producer of common bean, accounting for 79% of the market share. While common bean is known as a staple food source, the leaves can be used to trap bedbugs and the beans are widely used in a type of fortune-telling called "pharmancy".
Water
Water
Twice per week
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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Toxic to Humans
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care guide

Care Guide for Common bean

Watering Care
Watering Care
The Common bean is a very thirsty plant, especially when developing flowers and fruits. As long as the soil has good drainage, they can be watered daily. As moisture on leaves and stems may cause rot or disease, try to water the soil around the plant's stalk 鈥?or, water when the sun is out so that any surface moisture will dry out quickly.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Common bean is a nitrogen-fixing plant that usually require little, if any, soil amendments. A layer of compost, applied in early spring, can help ensure your plants are getting all the micronutrients they need, however. If your soil is highly phosphorus deficient, applying a low-nitrogen fertilizer mix (e.g., a 5-10-10 ratio mix) or bonemeal may be appropriate.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Soil Care
Soil Care
Loam, Clay, Sand, Sandy loam, Acidic, Neutral
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
What Are the Lighting Requirements for Common bean?
What Are the Lighting Requirements for Common bean?
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements What Are the Lighting Requirements for Common bean?
What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Common bean?
What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Common bean?
2 to 11
Details on Temperature What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Common bean?
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Common bean
Water
Water
Twice per week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
2 to 11
Planting Time
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer
question

Questions About Common bean

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Common bean?
Not only does the Common bean have certain preferences regarding how much water it receives, but it also cares deeply about how you provide that water. In fact, if you don't use the proper watering technique, you risk harming your tomatoes. The best way to water Common bean is to apply the water directly to the soil in a slow and gentle manner. You should not pour all of the water into the soil at once, and you should not do overhead watering for your Common bean. Although you should water slowly, you should also water deeply to ensure that all of the soil in which your Common bean grows is sufficiently moist.
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What should I do if I water my Common bean too much or too little?
If you find that you have overwatered your Common bean and you are concerned about the associated risk of disease, you should intervene immediately. Often the best approach for an overwatered Common bean is to uproot it from its current growing location. Once the plant is out of the ground, you can allow its roots to dry a bit before planting it in a new growing location. Ensure that the new growing location has soil with good drainage. If you grow in pots, you may also want to move your plant to a pot with more or larger drainage holes. In the case of underwatering, all you will need to do is increase the frequency with which you supply water to your plant.
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How often should I water my Common bean?
Overall, Common bean requires a significant amount of water throughout the growing season. To meet that high water need, you'll need to water early and often throughout the spring and summer. During the earlier parts of the growing season, you should water your Common bean about once or twice per week. As the season progresses, you should increase your watering frequency. You may need to water it twice per day or more during summer, depending on the weather. After your Common bean have gone through their major seasonal growth phases, you can reduce the frequency of your watering to about once per week until the end of the growing season.
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How much water does my Common bean need?
Since Common bean are incredibly popular, with many professional and amateur gardeners growing them successfully, we have a pretty clear idea of how to care for these plants. That understanding includes specific knowledge about the precise volume of water an average Common bean should receive. Generally, Common bean will require about 1 - 1.5 inches of water per week. That volume should be dispersed evenly through your weekly watering. As the weather gets warmer, you may need to supply more water, but in most cases, two inches per week is a good baseline amount.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Common bean enough?
Underwatering and overwatering can both occur as problems for your Common bean, and both these problems can manifest with similar symptoms. For example, foliage discoloration and wilting can both result from either overwatering or underwatering. When your Common bean is underwatered, its leaves will be curling and drooping at the beginning. You will see a bunch of leaves turn less vigorous. Underwatering is also likely to cause stunted growth and poor overall development as both the flowers and this plant require a high amount of water. Overwatering is more likely to lead to disease, including rot. Overwatering may also lead to unpleasant smells rising from your plant's soil. The symptoms of underwatering will show up quicker than overwatering. Overwatering can also be evident in soil conditions. Mainly, if you notice a lot of standing water or waterlogged soils, overwatering is likely to occur.
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How should I water my Common bean through the seasons?
As alluded to above, your Common bean's water needs will repeatedly change throughout the seasons. During most of spring and summer, you should water your Common bean about once every week. As the heat of summer arrives, you should plan to increase your watering frequency to once or twice per day. In the late summer and fall, towards the end of the harvest period, you can reduce your watering frequency to about once per week. After harvest has ended, you can cease watering as your Common bean has reached the end of its life cycle and will require no further soil moisture.
The maintenance schedule of Common bean will require you to alter the amount of water you provide depending on the plant's current growth stage. Early on, especially if you grow your Common bean from seeds, you'll need to provide water often enough to maintain consistent soil moisture, which encourages root development. When the plant becomes old enough to produce flowers, it will likely need even more water. During the fruit development growth stage, your Common bean will likely need the most water out of any growth period, at times requiring water more than twice per day. Following that phase, the water needs of Common bean will decline significantly.
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What's the difference between watering Common bean indoors and outdoors?
Whether you grow Common bean indoors or outdoors can also play a role in how you water them. Common bean that grows outdoors may receive water from natural rainfall, which will reduce the amount of supplemental water you should supply. However, it is incredibly rare for rainfall to adequately replace your watering entirely. Plants that grow indoors, along with any Common bean that grows in a container, will need to be watered more frequently than those that grow in the ground outdoors. If you choose this route, please make sure that the plant gets enough water by checking the soil moisture within your pot often to keep your Common bean healthy.
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Key Facts About Common bean

Attributes of Common bean

Lifespan
Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Plant Type
Vine, Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer
Bloom Time
Late spring, Summer
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
20 cm to 60 cm
Spread
30 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
White
Yellow
Purple
Pink
Fruit Color
Green
Purple
Gold
White
Yellow
Lavender
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Growth Season
Spring, Summer
Pollinators
Bees, Beetles
Growth Rate
Rapid

Name story

Common bean
Bean is originated from bene in Middle English and then evolved from bēan, meaning "beans, peas, legume", which is grown all over the world because of its edible dry seeds or immature fruits commonly called beans. It is one of the most common legumes, so it is called common bean.

Symbolism

Protection, purification, rebirth

Usages

Garden Use
Common bean is a widespread vegetable plant grown for its edible beans. It is grown commercially, but its main use for the domestic gardener is as part of a vegetable garden. The plant grows well when using poles or trellises to support its growth. There are many cultivars and varieties of common bean that maximize the yield of a vegetable garden when combined with corn, celery, or radishes.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

The leaves of the common bean contain microscope hairs which have been used to trap tiny bedbugs that have infested houses. In addition, in ancient times common bean were used for divination. People would throw the common beans on the ground and interpret their patterns as symbolic or as a premonition. This type of divination was called favomancy.

Scientific Classification of Common bean

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Common Pests & Diseases About Common bean

Common issues for Common bean based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease that significantly impacts the health of Common bean, causing symptoms such as leaf spots, stunted growth, and premature aging. It's essential to address early as it can drastically reduce the crop yield.
Leaf miners
Leaf miners Leaf miners
Leaf miners
Leaf miners infection on Common bean (Common bean) refers to plant damage caused by several species of insects that inhabit the leaf tissue. A serious infection can cause plants to lose photosynthetic capacity, impairing growth and significantly reducing yield.
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are not a disease but a larval stage pest, capable of causing significant damage to Common bean. They consume the leaves and stems, affecting the plant's health and growth. If left untreated, caterpillars can devastate entire crops.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that significantly affects Phaseolus vulgaris (Common bean), causing yellowing, wilting, and eventual death of the plant. High moisture and temperature create conducive conditions for its spread. Effective management is essential for a healthy crop.
Leaf mites
Leaf mites Leaf mites
Leaf mites
Leaf mites are tiny spider relatives known to affect a variety of plants, including Common bean. They feed on plant tissues, leading to visible damage such as yellowing, distorted leaves, and dropping of leaves, negatively affecting the plant's overall health and productivity.
Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a devastating plant disease impacting the health and productivity of Common bean. It's caused by various pathogenic organisms, primarily by Fusarium fungi and root-knot nematodes, affecting the plant's vascular system. The disease manifests through discolouration, stunted growth, and wilting of leaves or the entire plant.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
Brown spot is a fungal disease that significantly impacts the health of Common bean, causing symptoms such as leaf spots, stunted growth, and premature aging. It's essential to address early as it can drastically reduce the crop yield.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Common bean infected with Brown spot exhibits circular or oblong brown spots on leaves, which expand over time. The plant might showcase signs of withering or stunted growth, and in severe cases, premature senescence occurs.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
1
Pathogen
Cochliobolus miyabeanus, a type of fungus, is responsible for brown spot disease. It thrives in warm, humid conditions, favoring the propagation of fungal spores.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Avoidance: Resistant varieties of Common bean can be planted.

Rotation: Crop rotation with non-host crops can prevent the accumulation of pathogen in the soil.

Sanitation: Regular removal and burning of disease-infected debris.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of broad-spectrum fungicides can help control the spread of the disease.

Bio-fungicides: Bio-fungicides containing beneficial microorganisms can counteract the disease, ensuring the crop's health.
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Leaf miners
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
What is Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
Leaf miners infection on Common bean (Common bean) refers to plant damage caused by several species of insects that inhabit the leaf tissue. A serious infection can cause plants to lose photosynthetic capacity, impairing growth and significantly reducing yield.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Major symptoms include irregular, meandering 'mines' often appearing as white or translucent trails on the foliage. The infected leaves might show symptoms like discoloration, wilting, and early leaf drop. This ultimately affects and decreases the photosynthetic capacity of the plant.
What Causes Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
1
Insect species
Different types of leaf miner larvae such as beetles, moths, and flies are responsible for leaf miners disease. They lay their eggs on the leaves of the beans and, once hatched, the larvae feed and live between the leaf surfaces creating the 'mining'.
How to Treat Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Physical Removal: Regularly inspecting the leaves and removing infected ones can help control the infection.

Biological control: Introducing beneficial insects that prey on leaf miner larvae can naturally manage the population.
2
Pesticide
Pesticide application: Applying insecticides specifically designed for leaf miners can effectively control the population. Regular rotations of pesticide may help to prevent resistance.
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Caterpillars
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
What is Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
Caterpillars are not a disease but a larval stage pest, capable of causing significant damage to Common bean. They consume the leaves and stems, affecting the plant's health and growth. If left untreated, caterpillars can devastate entire crops.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The most distinctive symptom is the presence of caterpillars themselves. Additionally, the plant demonstrates chewed leaves, with irregular holes, and damage to stems. Over time, the plant may appear stunted and show reduced yield.
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
1
Insect eggs
Caterpillars begin as eggs laid by adult moths or butterflies on the plant.
2
Suitable conditions
Favorable weather and environmental conditions promote caterpillar population growth.
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Physical removal: Regularly inspect plants for caterpillars or their eggs and remove them.

Biological control: Introduce natural predators such as birds or beneficial insects.
2
Pesticide
Insecticides: Apply insecticides specifically designed for caterpillar control.

Bacillus thuringiensis: A naturally occurring soil bacterium used as a biological pesticide.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that significantly affects Phaseolus vulgaris (Common bean), causing yellowing, wilting, and eventual death of the plant. High moisture and temperature create conducive conditions for its spread. Effective management is essential for a healthy crop.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Common bean, leaf rot manifests as yellowing leaves, wilting, and necrosis. The plant may exhibit soggy black spots on leaves, stem, and the root system. In prolonged cases, the plant eventually dies.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
1
Fungal pathogens
The disease is mainly caused by Phytophthora spp, Fusarium spp, and Rhizoctonia solani, which thrive in wet, warm conditions.
2
Environmental factors
Overwatering, poor drainage, and excessive plant crowding exacerbate the disease.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Regularly clean and disinfect tools and the field to reduce pathogen load.

Rotation: Changing crop species in successive growing seasons disrupts the disease cycle.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply approved fungicides, such as Metalaxyl, according to manufacturers' guide for direct pathogen control.

Biological controls: Use biocontrol agents like Trichoderma species which can neutralize the pathogens.
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Leaf mites
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
What is Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
Leaf mites are tiny spider relatives known to affect a variety of plants, including Common bean. They feed on plant tissues, leading to visible damage such as yellowing, distorted leaves, and dropping of leaves, negatively affecting the plant's overall health and productivity.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Common bean's leaves affected by leaf mites first develop yellow spots, followed by curling, distortion, and eventual dropping of leaves. Over time, severe infestation can lead to overall decline in plant health and dwindled productivity.
What Causes Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
1
Insect
This disease is caused mainly by various species of mites, tiny arachnids that bore into the leaf tissues of plants.
2
Environmental conditions
Mites thrive in warm and dry conditions, making such weather a risk factor for leaf mites infestation on Common bean plants.
How to Treat Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Regular Monitoring: Regularly check Common bean plants for early signs of leaf mites. Early detection enables quick intervention to prevent further damage.

Use of Predatory insects: Release predatory insects such as ladybugs that naturally prey on leaf mites to control the population.
2
Pesticide
Insecticidal soap: Apply insecticidal soap or another safe miticide to the infested leaves. Always follow label instructions to prevent harm to the Common bean plant.

Systemic Pesticides: In severe cases, systemic pesticides may be necessary. These are absorbed by the plant, killing mites when they feed.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Common bean?
What is Wilting Disease on Common bean?
Wilting is a devastating plant disease impacting the health and productivity of Common bean. It's caused by various pathogenic organisms, primarily by Fusarium fungi and root-knot nematodes, affecting the plant's vascular system. The disease manifests through discolouration, stunted growth, and wilting of leaves or the entire plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The primary symptoms on Common bean include stunted growth and curling or yellowing of leaves, leading to abnormal leaf drop. Other symptoms include lower stem necrosis, wilting, and even death if left untreated.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Common bean?
1
fusarium fungi
This pathogen invades the water-conducting vessels of the plant, blocking water transportation, leading to wilting and death of the plant.
2
root-knot nematodes
These tiny pests infest the roots causing galls or knots, restricting normal water and nutrients absorption, manifesting as wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
crop rotation: Periodic rotation of crops helps break the life cycle of pests and pathogens.

fallowing: Leaving the field fallow for a season starves the pathogens, leading to their death.

resistant varieties: Planting varieties resistant to wilting reduces the likelihood of disease occurrence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Apply approved fungicides to infected soil to control the disease.

Nematicides: These chemicals kill the disease-causing nematodes, hence reducing wilting.
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toxic

Common bean and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Common bean has toxic properties that can harm humans if eaten raw or improperly prepared. Symptoms of toxicity from this plant range from mild to moderate. The beans are toxic because of the significant amounts of lectins they contain. Symptoms of eating these toxic beans include stomachache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, which might appear to be due to food poisoning. Common bean is a popular food crop, so some might be affected if they prepare the beans incorrectly before ingesting them.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
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Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Common bean

Habitat of Common bean

Meadows, fields
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Common bean

Common bean is native to the Americas, specifically the northern tip of South America, and was domesticated as far back as 2300 BC. A vital food crop, it has been introduced across global temperate and tropical regions. In the wild, it grows in a variety of habitats but may have originated in the mountainous slopes of the Andes Mountains.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Common Bean Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water
Twice per week
Common bean originates from Latin America, specifically Mexico, where it flourishes in tropical and subtropical climates with high levels of humidity and abundant rainfall. These natural conditions shape common bean's preference for a consistent and ample supply of water, reflective of its native environment's consistent humidity. However, being adaptable, common bean is resistant to momentary dry periods as well, an adaptation from its growth in seasonal environments.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
Common bean thrives in areas where they can bask in the warmth of Day's Eye for most of the day while tolerating lesser exposure in some circumstances. Originating from environments with hefty sun presence, these plants are susceptible to restricted growth if not given abundant light, and can suffer from sunscald with overexposure.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 43 ℃
Common bean originates in environments favoring temperatures of 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). They appreciate warmth, preferring summer-like conditions. For optimal growth, maintain this temperature range throughout the year.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
3-6 inches
Transplanting common bean is best done during the delightful period of mid-spring to early summer. This timing ensures optimal growth conditions. Choose a sunny location that allows for proper nutrient absorption. Follow transplant tips as required to help common bean thrive beautifully.
Transplant Techniques
Pollination
Normal
Common bean cultivates its pollination magic predominantly through bees and beetles. It intrigues these buzzing visitors with nectar-rich, colorful flowers. The dance between common bean and its pollinators works remarkably well, as the plants modify their budding and pollination timing, often coinciding with peak pollinator activity. It's a fantastic orchestration of nature rewarding both plant growth and insect survival.
Pollination Techniques
Pruning
Spring, Summer, Autumn
A staple crop known for its edible seeds and pods, common bean thrives with routine maintenance. Prune damaged or diseased limbs anytime. Between early spring and late fall, cut back excessive growth to enhance air circulation. This intervention prevents fungal diseases and encourages more productive flowering. Limit pruning to avoid stress or reduced yield. The technique improves bean quality and plant vigor, targeting only selective removal of non-beneficial parts.
Pruning techniques
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease that significantly impacts the health of Common bean, causing symptoms such as leaf spots, stunted growth, and premature aging. It's essential to address early as it can drastically reduce the crop yield.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf miners
Leaf miners infection on Common bean (Common bean) refers to plant damage caused by several species of insects that inhabit the leaf tissue. A serious infection can cause plants to lose photosynthetic capacity, impairing growth and significantly reducing yield.
Learn More About the Disease
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are not a disease but a larval stage pest, capable of causing significant damage to Common bean. They consume the leaves and stems, affecting the plant's health and growth. If left untreated, caterpillars can devastate entire crops.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that significantly affects Phaseolus vulgaris (Common bean), causing yellowing, wilting, and eventual death of the plant. High moisture and temperature create conducive conditions for its spread. Effective management is essential for a healthy crop.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf mites
Leaf mites are tiny spider relatives known to affect a variety of plants, including Common bean. They feed on plant tissues, leading to visible damage such as yellowing, distorted leaves, and dropping of leaves, negatively affecting the plant's overall health and productivity.
Learn More About the Disease
Wilting
Wilting is a devastating plant disease impacting the health and productivity of Common bean. It's caused by various pathogenic organisms, primarily by Fusarium fungi and root-knot nematodes, affecting the plant's vascular system. The disease manifests through discolouration, stunted growth, and wilting of leaves or the entire plant.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Common bean has toxic properties that can harm humans if eaten raw or improperly prepared. Symptoms of toxicity from this plant range from mild to moderate. The beans are toxic because of the significant amounts of lectins they contain. Symptoms of eating these toxic beans include stomachache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, which might appear to be due to food poisoning. Common bean is a popular food crop, so some might be affected if they prepare the beans incorrectly before ingesting them.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
Southwest
Common bean, is a versatile plant that can harmonize with various environments. Its presence in the Southwest corner of a space is known to promote stability and enhance relationships, thanks to its unifying properties with Earth element representation in Feng Shui. This delicate balance makes common bean a subtle yet powerful addition to your Feng Shui layout.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Common bean

Dwarf umbrella tree
Dwarf umbrella tree
Dwarf umbrella tree (*Schefflera arboricola*) is an evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub native to China. It is commonly grown as a houseplant or a garden plant in milder climates for its decorative palmate compound leaves. The leaves contain calcium oxalates, which can damage internal organs when ingested. It shouldn't be confused with the Australian umbrella tree, *Schefflera actinophylla*.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
Garden balsam
Garden balsam
Garden balsam has been a favorite for European gardens since the Victorian era, although its flatter-flowered cousin has become increasingly more popular. The garden balsam attracts pollinators as well as nectar-feeding birds. The genus name, "Impatiens," which means, "impatient," references the plant's tendency to explosively throw its seeds away from itself.
Brazilian jasmine
Brazilian jasmine
Mandevilla sanderi, colloquially known as brazilian jasmine, is an ornamental perennial vine native to South America. Its velvety flowers are most often white, scarlet or pink in color. Brazilian jasmine contains white latex, which is toxic and can have an irritating effect when it comes in contact with skin or eyes.
European plum
European plum
Prunus domestica is a small deciduous tree and the most common orchard plum in Europe and other regions of the world. It is a hybrid species that had most likely evolved from the wild Cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. The fruit is elongated, fleshy, and usually sweet. Dried fruits of european plum are called prunes.
Golden shower tree
Golden shower tree
Golden shower tree (Cassia fistula) is a plant that is found in tropical and subtropical regions. It is at its peak during the middle of the summer. Golden shower tree is both the national flower and tree of Thailand. The Latin name "Cassia" comes from "Kassia", which means "fragrant plant." It holds a sacred place in scriptures like the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Swiss cheese plant
Swiss cheese plant
The swiss cheese plant (Monstera deliciosa) produces bright, glossy leaves and makes a popular houseplant. It is originally native to tropical forest regions in Central America. The nickname swiss cheese plant refers to the small holes that develop in the plant's leaves. The long fruits resemble corncobs and smell sweet and fragrant when ripe.
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About
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Distribution
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Related Plants
Common bean play
Common bean
Common bean
Common bean
Common bean
Common bean
Common bean
Phaseolus vulgaris
Also known as: Green bean, Pole bean
Common bean is one of the most widely produced cash crops in the world, with 23.6 million tons grown in 2016. China is the largest producer of common bean, accounting for 79% of the market share. While common bean is known as a staple food source, the leaves can be used to trap bedbugs and the beans are widely used in a type of fortune-telling called "pharmancy".
Water
Water
Twice per week
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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Toxic to Humans
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question

Questions About Common bean

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Common bean?
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What should I do if I water my Common bean too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Common bean?
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How much water does my Common bean need?
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Common bean enough?
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How should I water my Common bean through the seasons?
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What's the difference between watering Common bean indoors and outdoors?
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Key Facts About Common bean

Attributes of Common bean

Lifespan
Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Plant Type
Vine, Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer
Bloom Time
Late spring, Summer
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
20 cm to 60 cm
Spread
30 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
White
Yellow
Purple
Pink
Fruit Color
Green
Purple
Gold
White
Yellow
Lavender
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Deciduous
Growth Season
Spring, Summer
Pollinators
Bees, Beetles
Growth Rate
Rapid
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Name story

Common bean
Bean is originated from bene in Middle English and then evolved from bēan, meaning "beans, peas, legume", which is grown all over the world because of its edible dry seeds or immature fruits commonly called beans. It is one of the most common legumes, so it is called common bean.

Symbolism

Protection, purification, rebirth

Usages

Garden Use
Common bean is a widespread vegetable plant grown for its edible beans. It is grown commercially, but its main use for the domestic gardener is as part of a vegetable garden. The plant grows well when using poles or trellises to support its growth. There are many cultivars and varieties of common bean that maximize the yield of a vegetable garden when combined with corn, celery, or radishes.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

The leaves of the common bean contain microscope hairs which have been used to trap tiny bedbugs that have infested houses. In addition, in ancient times common bean were used for divination. People would throw the common beans on the ground and interpret their patterns as symbolic or as a premonition. This type of divination was called favomancy.

Scientific Classification of Common bean

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Common bean

Common issues for Common bean based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease that significantly impacts the health of Common bean, causing symptoms such as leaf spots, stunted growth, and premature aging. It's essential to address early as it can drastically reduce the crop yield.
Learn More About the Brown blotch more
Leaf miners
Leaf miners Leaf miners Leaf miners
Leaf miners infection on Common bean (Common bean) refers to plant damage caused by several species of insects that inhabit the leaf tissue. A serious infection can cause plants to lose photosynthetic capacity, impairing growth and significantly reducing yield.
Learn More About the Leaf miners more
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars are not a disease but a larval stage pest, capable of causing significant damage to Common bean. They consume the leaves and stems, affecting the plant's health and growth. If left untreated, caterpillars can devastate entire crops.
Learn More About the Caterpillars more
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that significantly affects Phaseolus vulgaris (Common bean), causing yellowing, wilting, and eventual death of the plant. High moisture and temperature create conducive conditions for its spread. Effective management is essential for a healthy crop.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Leaf mites
Leaf mites Leaf mites Leaf mites
Leaf mites are tiny spider relatives known to affect a variety of plants, including Common bean. They feed on plant tissues, leading to visible damage such as yellowing, distorted leaves, and dropping of leaves, negatively affecting the plant's overall health and productivity.
Learn More About the Leaf mites more
Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting is a devastating plant disease impacting the health and productivity of Common bean. It's caused by various pathogenic organisms, primarily by Fusarium fungi and root-knot nematodes, affecting the plant's vascular system. The disease manifests through discolouration, stunted growth, and wilting of leaves or the entire plant.
Learn More About the Wilting more
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
Brown spot is a fungal disease that significantly impacts the health of Common bean, causing symptoms such as leaf spots, stunted growth, and premature aging. It's essential to address early as it can drastically reduce the crop yield.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Common bean infected with Brown spot exhibits circular or oblong brown spots on leaves, which expand over time. The plant might showcase signs of withering or stunted growth, and in severe cases, premature senescence occurs.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
1
Pathogen
Cochliobolus miyabeanus, a type of fungus, is responsible for brown spot disease. It thrives in warm, humid conditions, favoring the propagation of fungal spores.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Avoidance: Resistant varieties of Common bean can be planted.

Rotation: Crop rotation with non-host crops can prevent the accumulation of pathogen in the soil.

Sanitation: Regular removal and burning of disease-infected debris.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of broad-spectrum fungicides can help control the spread of the disease.

Bio-fungicides: Bio-fungicides containing beneficial microorganisms can counteract the disease, ensuring the crop's health.
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plant poor
Leaf miners
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
What is Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
Leaf miners infection on Common bean (Common bean) refers to plant damage caused by several species of insects that inhabit the leaf tissue. A serious infection can cause plants to lose photosynthetic capacity, impairing growth and significantly reducing yield.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Major symptoms include irregular, meandering 'mines' often appearing as white or translucent trails on the foliage. The infected leaves might show symptoms like discoloration, wilting, and early leaf drop. This ultimately affects and decreases the photosynthetic capacity of the plant.
What Causes Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
1
Insect species
Different types of leaf miner larvae such as beetles, moths, and flies are responsible for leaf miners disease. They lay their eggs on the leaves of the beans and, once hatched, the larvae feed and live between the leaf surfaces creating the 'mining'.
How to Treat Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Leaf miners Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Physical Removal: Regularly inspecting the leaves and removing infected ones can help control the infection.

Biological control: Introducing beneficial insects that prey on leaf miner larvae can naturally manage the population.
2
Pesticide
Pesticide application: Applying insecticides specifically designed for leaf miners can effectively control the population. Regular rotations of pesticide may help to prevent resistance.
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Caterpillars
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
What is Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
Caterpillars are not a disease but a larval stage pest, capable of causing significant damage to Common bean. They consume the leaves and stems, affecting the plant's health and growth. If left untreated, caterpillars can devastate entire crops.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The most distinctive symptom is the presence of caterpillars themselves. Additionally, the plant demonstrates chewed leaves, with irregular holes, and damage to stems. Over time, the plant may appear stunted and show reduced yield.
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
1
Insect eggs
Caterpillars begin as eggs laid by adult moths or butterflies on the plant.
2
Suitable conditions
Favorable weather and environmental conditions promote caterpillar population growth.
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Caterpillars Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Physical removal: Regularly inspect plants for caterpillars or their eggs and remove them.

Biological control: Introduce natural predators such as birds or beneficial insects.
2
Pesticide
Insecticides: Apply insecticides specifically designed for caterpillar control.

Bacillus thuringiensis: A naturally occurring soil bacterium used as a biological pesticide.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that significantly affects Phaseolus vulgaris (Common bean), causing yellowing, wilting, and eventual death of the plant. High moisture and temperature create conducive conditions for its spread. Effective management is essential for a healthy crop.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Common bean, leaf rot manifests as yellowing leaves, wilting, and necrosis. The plant may exhibit soggy black spots on leaves, stem, and the root system. In prolonged cases, the plant eventually dies.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
1
Fungal pathogens
The disease is mainly caused by Phytophthora spp, Fusarium spp, and Rhizoctonia solani, which thrive in wet, warm conditions.
2
Environmental factors
Overwatering, poor drainage, and excessive plant crowding exacerbate the disease.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Regularly clean and disinfect tools and the field to reduce pathogen load.

Rotation: Changing crop species in successive growing seasons disrupts the disease cycle.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply approved fungicides, such as Metalaxyl, according to manufacturers' guide for direct pathogen control.

Biological controls: Use biocontrol agents like Trichoderma species which can neutralize the pathogens.
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Leaf mites
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
What is Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
Leaf mites are tiny spider relatives known to affect a variety of plants, including Common bean. They feed on plant tissues, leading to visible damage such as yellowing, distorted leaves, and dropping of leaves, negatively affecting the plant's overall health and productivity.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Common bean's leaves affected by leaf mites first develop yellow spots, followed by curling, distortion, and eventual dropping of leaves. Over time, severe infestation can lead to overall decline in plant health and dwindled productivity.
What Causes Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
1
Insect
This disease is caused mainly by various species of mites, tiny arachnids that bore into the leaf tissues of plants.
2
Environmental conditions
Mites thrive in warm and dry conditions, making such weather a risk factor for leaf mites infestation on Common bean plants.
How to Treat Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Leaf mites Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
Regular Monitoring: Regularly check Common bean plants for early signs of leaf mites. Early detection enables quick intervention to prevent further damage.

Use of Predatory insects: Release predatory insects such as ladybugs that naturally prey on leaf mites to control the population.
2
Pesticide
Insecticidal soap: Apply insecticidal soap or another safe miticide to the infested leaves. Always follow label instructions to prevent harm to the Common bean plant.

Systemic Pesticides: In severe cases, systemic pesticides may be necessary. These are absorbed by the plant, killing mites when they feed.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Common bean?
What is Wilting Disease on Common bean?
Wilting is a devastating plant disease impacting the health and productivity of Common bean. It's caused by various pathogenic organisms, primarily by Fusarium fungi and root-knot nematodes, affecting the plant's vascular system. The disease manifests through discolouration, stunted growth, and wilting of leaves or the entire plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The primary symptoms on Common bean include stunted growth and curling or yellowing of leaves, leading to abnormal leaf drop. Other symptoms include lower stem necrosis, wilting, and even death if left untreated.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Common bean?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Common bean?
1
fusarium fungi
This pathogen invades the water-conducting vessels of the plant, blocking water transportation, leading to wilting and death of the plant.
2
root-knot nematodes
These tiny pests infest the roots causing galls or knots, restricting normal water and nutrients absorption, manifesting as wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Common bean?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Common bean?
1
Non pesticide
crop rotation: Periodic rotation of crops helps break the life cycle of pests and pathogens.

fallowing: Leaving the field fallow for a season starves the pathogens, leading to their death.

resistant varieties: Planting varieties resistant to wilting reduces the likelihood of disease occurrence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Apply approved fungicides to infected soil to control the disease.

Nematicides: These chemicals kill the disease-causing nematodes, hence reducing wilting.
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toxic

Common bean and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Common bean has toxic properties that can harm humans if eaten raw or improperly prepared. Symptoms of toxicity from this plant range from mild to moderate. The beans are toxic because of the significant amounts of lectins they contain. Symptoms of eating these toxic beans include stomachache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, which might appear to be due to food poisoning. Common bean is a popular food crop, so some might be affected if they prepare the beans incorrectly before ingesting them.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
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If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Common bean

Habitat of Common bean

Meadows, fields
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Common bean

Common bean is native to the Americas, specifically the northern tip of South America, and was domesticated as far back as 2300 BC. A vital food crop, it has been introduced across global temperate and tropical regions. In the wild, it grows in a variety of habitats but may have originated in the mountainous slopes of the Andes Mountains.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Plants Related to Common bean

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Water
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Common Bean Watering Instructions
Common bean originates from Latin America, specifically Mexico, where it flourishes in tropical and subtropical climates with high levels of humidity and abundant rainfall. These natural conditions shape common bean's preference for a consistent and ample supply of water, reflective of its native environment's consistent humidity. However, being adaptable, common bean is resistant to momentary dry periods as well, an adaptation from its growth in seasonal environments.
When Should I Water My Common Bean?
Introduction
Proper and timely watering plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and development of the common bean. It contributes to its optimal growth, vibrant flower production, and resistance against diseases. Therefore, understanding the appropriate signals indicating when the plant should be watered is essential.
Soil Moisture Level
Check the soil moisture level by inserting your finger into the soil about 1-2 inches deep. If the soil feels dry, it's time to water common bean.
Wilting Leaves
Wilted leaves indicate that common bean is in need of water. If the leaves appear droopy, lackluster, or start to curl, it's a sign of under-watering.
Leaf Color Changes
If the leaves of common bean become yellow or brown, it signifies water stress. Pay attention to any discoloration, as it may indicate a need for watering.
Stunted Growth
If common bean exhibits slow or stunted growth, it could be a sign of insufficient water. Lack of water hampers the plant's ability to absorb nutrients and grow properly.
Flower Buds Dropping
During the pre-flowering stage, common bean requires adequate water to prevent bud drop. If you notice flower buds falling off before blooming, it's a sign of water deficiency.
Hot and Dry Weather
During warm temperatures and periods of high sunlight exposure, common bean has an increased water requirement. Monitor the weather conditions and adjust watering accordingly.
Early Watering Risks
Watering common bean too early, when the soil is still moist, can lead to root rot, fungus infestation, and other root diseases due to over-watering.
Late Watering Risks
Delaying watering for common bean can cause temporary wilting and stunted growth. In severe cases, prolonged dehydration may result in plant death.
Conclusion
Understanding these signs is critical to effectively manage the watering schedule for common bean. Proper water management not only encourages its growth and flowering but also prolongs its lifespan and maintains plant health.
How Should I Water My Common Bean?
Unique Water Requirements
As a legume, common bean prefers damp soil but its roots are sensitive to waterlogging. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can cause wilting. Therefore, it's crucial to find a balance and keep the soil consistently moist, yet well-draining.
Watering Techniques
  1. Bottom-Watering: This technique is ideal for common bean, as it ensures that water is directly absorbed by the roots, avoiding leaf moisture which can lead to fungal issues on common bean. Fill a tray with water and place the pot in the tray, allowing the plant to drink what it needs from the bottom up. 2) Watering Can: Using a watering can with a long, narrow spout can help direct the water to the base of common bean and avoid splashing the foliage.
Special Equipment
A moisture meter can be particularly beneficial for managing common bean's watering schedule. This tool can give precise measurements of the soil's moisture level, thus avoiding overwatering or underwatering. It's recommended to water the plant when the top 2 to 3 inches of soil are dry, which can be checked using a moisture meter.
Areas to Focus On
When watering common bean, the focus should be on the base of the plant and the root zone. Try to avoid wetting the leaves as this can promote the growth of fungi, leading to diseases.
Areas to Avoid
Avoid watering the foliage of common bean and ensure that the water is directed towards the base of the plant where the roots can absorb it.
How Much Water Does Common Bean Really Need?
Introduction
Common bean is a species of plant native to Central and South America. It is commonly known as the Common bean and is grown worldwide for its edible beans. In its natural habitat, common bean grows in tropical and subtropical regions with consistent rainfall, indicating its preference for a moderate amount of water.
Optimal Water Quantity
The water requirements for common bean depend on various factors such as the pot size, root depth, and plant size. Common bean has a moderate root depth, with roots extending around 1 to 2 feet into the soil. To ensure thorough hydration, watering should be done until the water reaches the bottom of the pot, allowing the roots to access the moisture. The amount of water needed also depends on the plant size and pot size. On average, common bean in a medium-sized pot would require around 250-500 milliliters of water per watering session. It's essential to avoid water accumulation in the pot by ensuring proper drainage.
Signs of Proper Hydration
A well-hydrated common bean plant will have vibrant green leaves that are turgid and full. The stems will be firm and upright, and the plant will exhibit healthy growth. Additionally, the soil should feel slightly moist but not saturated. Over time, with experience, one can gauge the plant's watering needs by observing the weight of the pot. If the pot feels considerably lighter, it may indicate the need for watering.
Signs of Underwatering
Underwatered common bean plants may display wilting leaves that appear dry and droopy. The soil may feel excessively dry or hard to touch. If these signs persist after watering, it indicates insufficient watering.
Signs of Overwatering
Overwatered common bean plants may exhibit yellowing or browning of leaves, especially on the lower parts of the plant. The leaves may become soft or mushy. Excess moisture in the soil can also lead to the growth of mold or fungus. If the soil feels constantly wet and water accumulates at the bottom of the pot, it suggests overwatering.
Risks of Improper Watering
Giving common bean too much water can lead to root rot due to waterlogged conditions, inhibiting the plant's ability to absorb oxygen and nutrients. This can result in stunted growth and eventually lead to the plant's demise. Insufficient watering can cause the plant to wilt, stunt its growth, and reduce its overall productivity.
Additional Advice
To ensure the best growth and productivity, it is crucial to provide consistent and even moisture for common bean. Avoid allowing the soil to completely dry out between watering sessions, as it can stress the plant and negatively impact bean pod development. However, stagnant or excessive moisture should be avoided to prevent root diseases. Regularly monitoring the moisture level of the soil and adjusting watering frequency accordingly will help maintain optimal conditions for common bean.
How Often Should I Water Common Bean?
Twice per week
Watering Frequency
Smart Seasonal Watering
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Common Bean?
Water Type Guide for common bean
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - common bean prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Distilled Water: Best suited for common bean as it is pure and free of contaminants or minerals.
Rainwater: A good alternative to distilled water, as it is natural and generally free of chemicals. However, it may contain pollutants depending on the local environment.
Tap Water: Can be used for common bean, but it should be filtered or treated to remove chlorine and other potentially harmful elements.
Chlorine Sensitivity
High - common bean is sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can harm its root system and overall health.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least 24 hours before using it on common bean. This allows the chlorine to evaporate and makes it safer for the plant.
Filtration: Using a carbon filter or reverse osmosis system can effectively remove chlorine and other contaminants from tap water, improving its suitability for common bean.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate - common bean prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Common Bean's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water common bean in Spring?
During the spring, the common bean just starts its growth period. This plant requires ample hydration during these initial growth stages. Therefore, the soil should be kept relatively moist. Moderate watering should be performed once the top 1-2 inches of soil starts to dry out. This provides the plant with the hydration it needs without causing waterlogged conditions which can lead to root rot.
How to Water common bean in Summer?
Common bean should be watered more frequently in summer due to increased sunlight and temperatures resulting in faster evaporation. The plant is in its active growth phase during this period and requires more water. Although the frequency will increase, be mindful not to overwater, as this can result in waterlogged conditions which can cause root rot. Regular inspections of the soil moisture should be done to maintain an even amount of dampness throughout this time period.
How to Water common bean in Autumn?
In the autumn, common bean is preparing to become dormant; as a result, its watering needs will gradually decrease. The plant will require less water when it nears the end of its growing season. To avoid overwatering and causing potential harm to the plant, cut back on watering once the common bean begins to yellow and die back.
How to Water common bean in Winter?
Common bean's watering needs significantly decrease during winter months due to its dormant state. The plant is not actively growing, reducing its need for water. Overwatering during this period can lead to root damage and plant decay. Therefore, only occasional watering should be performed to simply prevent the soil from drying out completely.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Common Bean Watering Routine?
Watering Tools
Using a watering can or drip irrigation system rather than a hose or sprinkler can help deliver water directly to the base of the plant, minimizing water loss and wetting the foliage. This can reduce the risk of fungal diseases.
Morning Watering
Water common bean in the early morning to allow the soil to absorb the water before the heat of the day. This helps prevent evaporation and ensures the plant has sufficient moisture throughout the day.
Soil Moisture Assessment
To assess moisture levels beyond the surface, use a probe or your finger to check the soil. Stick it about 2-3 inches deep. If it feels dry, it's time to water. If it still feels moderately moist, wait before watering.
Thirst Signs
Look for signs of thirst in common bean, such as drooping leaves or a slight wilting. This indicates the plant needs water but is not yet severely stressed. Water thoroughly to revive the plant.
Over-watering Signs
If common bean has yellowing leaves, root rot, or drooping leaves despite adequate watering, it may be suffering from over-watering. Allow the soil to dry out before watering again and adjust watering frequency accordingly.
Heatwave Watering
During a heatwave, common bean may require more frequent watering. Monitor the soil moisture closely and provide additional water if the top 1-2 inches of soil become dry.
Extended Rain
If common bean receives extended periods of rain, it may be necessary to temporarily adjust the watering schedule. Check the soil moisture regularly and reduce watering if the soil becomes saturated.
Stressed Plant
When common bean is stressed, such as during transplanting or extreme weather conditions, it may benefit from deep watering. Provide water slowly and deeply to promote root development and regain hydration.
Avoiding Overhead Watering
To prevent fungal diseases on common bean, avoid overhead watering or getting the foliage wet. Instead, focus watering on the base of the plant.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Common Bean?
Overview of Hydroponics
Common bean is a plant that can be successfully grown using hydroponics, which is a method of cultivating plants without soil. Hydroponics can provide a controlled environment and precise nutrient delivery, resulting in faster growth and higher yields.
Recommended Hydroponic System
For growing common bean hydroponically, the nutrient film technique (NFT) is the most suitable system. In NFT, a thin film of nutrient solution constantly flows over the plant roots, providing them with a steady supply of water and nutrients.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
The nutrient solution for common bean should have a balanced composition, containing essential elements like nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), as well as micronutrients. Maintain the nutrient solution at a pH range of 5.8-6.2 for optimal nutrient uptake by the plants. Change the nutrient solution every 1-2 weeks to prevent nutrient imbalances.
Common Challenges in Hydroponic Cultivation
When growing common bean hydroponically, some common challenges include root rot, which can be prevented by maintaining proper oxygenation in the root zone, and nutrient imbalances, which can be addressed by monitoring nutrient levels and adjusting the solution accordingly. Additionally, common bean requires adequate light for photosynthesis, so providing sufficient light intensity is crucial for healthy growth.
Monitoring common bean's Health
In a hydroponic setup, monitor common bean's health by regularly observing the leaves and roots. Signs of stress may include yellowing or browning of leaves, stunted growth, or wilting. Check the root health by inspecting the color and texture; healthy roots should be white and fibrous. Any deviation from these indicators may signal a problem that needs attention.
Adjusting the Hydroponic Environment
Throughout common bean's growth stages, adjustment of the hydroponic environment may be necessary. For example, during the vegetative stage, ensure the light intensity is around 14-16 hours per day, while in the flowering stage, reduce it to 10-12 hours to stimulate flower development. Additionally, maintain proper air circulation and humidity levels to prevent mold or diseases.
Nutrient Solution
Common bean prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth.
Hydroponic System
The nutrient film technique (NFT) is the most suitable hydroponic system for cultivating common bean.
Challenges
Common bean may face challenges such as root rot, nutrient imbalances, and light requirements in a hydroponic setup.
Monitoring
Common bean's health can be monitored by observing the leaves and roots for signs of stress or any deviations from healthy indicators.
Adjusting the Environment
The hydroponic environment may need adjustment during different growth stages, including light intensity, air circulation, and humidity levels.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Overwatering can potentially cause disease symptoms in Common bean, even though it thrives in a moist soil environment. However, excessive watering leading to prolonged dampness or waterlogging can result in yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, root rot...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
Common bean is prone to experiencing plant health issues when lacking watering because it prefers a moist soil environment. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, leaf curling, yellowing leaves...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Leaf curling
Leaves may curl inward or downward as they attempt to conserve water and minimize water loss through transpiration.
Yellowing leaves
The leaves may begin to yellow or develop dry tips as a result of water stress and reduced nutrient uptake.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Common Bean
Why are the leaves of my common bean turning yellow?
Yellowing leaves in common bean can be a sign of overwatering. It means the roots are getting too much water and not enough oxygen, which can cause root rot. To resolve this, adjust your watering schedule to allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings. Ensure your plant has good drainage and the pot isn't standing in water.
The lower leaves of my common bean are wilting and falling off, am I not watering it enough?
The wilting and falling off of lower leaves on your common bean might indicate under-watering and/or irregular watering. Common bean requires consistent watering to support its rapid growth. Provide regular and even watering, moistening the root zone without allowing the plant to sit in water. But be careful to not overwater as well, because it can lead to other problems.
What should I do if the leaves of my common bean are turning brown at the edges?
Brown leaf tips in common bean can be a sign of both overwatering and underwatering. Overwatering can cause root rot that 'drowns' the plant, while underwatering can cause drought stress. Assess your watering schedule and adjust as per the plant's needs. Remember, the soil should be moist but not waterlogged.
My common bean seedlings are damping off, could it be a watering issue?
Yes, damping off in common bean can be a result of overwatering. Damping off is a fungal disease that thrives in excessively moist conditions and kills seedlings. It's important to water your common bean seedlings correctly — keeping the soil moist but not soggy. Also make sure there's good airflow around the seedlings to reduce humidity and the potential for fungal growth.
Can incorrect watering cause stunted growth in common bean?
Yes, both overwatering and underwatering can lead to stunted growth in common bean. For optimal growth, common bean requires a balance: the soil should be kept consistently moist, but not saturated. Make sure your plant has good drainage, and adjust your watering schedule according to the plant's stage of growth and the surrounding environment.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Common bean thrives in areas where they can bask in the warmth of Day's Eye for most of the day while tolerating lesser exposure in some circumstances. Originating from environments with hefty sun presence, these plants are susceptible to restricted growth if not given abundant light, and can suffer from sunscald with overexposure.
Preferred
Tolerable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Common bean thrives in full sunlight and is commonly cultivated outdoors. When grown indoors with limited light, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency that can easily go unnoticed.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your common bean may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Common bean enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Common bean thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Common bean originates in environments favoring temperatures of 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). They appreciate warmth, preferring summer-like conditions. For optimal growth, maintain this temperature range throughout the year.
Regional wintering strategies
Common bean prefers relatively warm temperatures, so maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter cultivation is beneficial for plant growth. The minimum temperature should be kept above freezing point to prevent the plant from freezing damage. When the outdoor temperature approaches -5°C (25°F) during winter, it is advisable to bring Common bean indoors or provide protection by setting up a temporary greenhouse or using materials such as plastic film or fabric to wrap the plant.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Common bean has moderate tolerance to low temperatures and thrives best when the temperature is between {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} and {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may darken in color. In severe cases, water-soaked necrosis, wilting, and drooping may occur, and the color of the leaves gradually turns brown.
Solutions
Trim away the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment or set up a makeshift greenhouse for cold protection. When placing the plant indoors, choose a location near a south-facing window to ensure ample sunlight. If there is insufficient light, you can use supplemental lighting.
High Temperature
During summer, Common bean should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the plant's growth slows down, the color of its leaves becomes lighter, and it becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Common Bean?
Transplanting common bean is best done during the delightful period of mid-spring to early summer. This timing ensures optimal growth conditions. Choose a sunny location that allows for proper nutrient absorption. Follow transplant tips as required to help common bean thrive beautifully.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Common Bean?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Common Bean?
Transplanting common bean during late spring to early summer ensures healthy growth and abundant harvest. This warm period encourages sturdy root development, giving your garden a happy, thriving plant!
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Common Bean Plants?
For common bean, it's best to give them room to grow. Space them about 3-6 inches (7.6-15.2 cm) apart to ensure they have the needed space and good airflow.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Common Bean Transplanting?
Prepare a well-draining soil for common bean. Mix in an organic compost or aged manure as a base fertilizer to provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth.
Where Should You Relocate Your Common Bean?
Find a spot for common bean that provides full sun to partial shade. This will ensure they get the ideal amount of sunlight for optimal growth and happy plants.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Common Bean?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and plant.
Trowel or Shovel
To dig holes for the transplant and remove the plant from its original location.
Watering Can or Garden Hose
To water the plant before and after transplanting.
Garden Fork
To loosen the soil in the transplant location.
Measuring Tape or Ruler
To ensure proper spacing between the plants.
Organic Compost or Aged Manure
To enrich the soil and give the transplanted common bean a nutritional boost.
How Do You Remove Common Bean from the Soil?
- From Ground: First, water the common bean plant to dampen the soil. Then, dig a wide trench around the plant using a shovel or spade, ensuring the plant's root ball remains intact. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
- From Pot: Water the common bean plant and let it drain for a few minutes. Gently lay the pot on its side and carefully slide the plant out, keeping the root ball intact. To avoid damaging the roots, avoid pulling the plant by its stem.
- From Seedling Tray: Water the common bean seedlings to make the removal process easier. Use a small trowel or your fingers to gently lift the seedling with its root ball from the tray.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Common Bean
Step1 Site Preparation
Prepare the transplant site by loosening the soil with a garden fork to a depth of about 12 inches, ensuring the common bean roots can grow easily into the soil.
Step2 Soil Amendment
Mix some organic compost or aged manure into the soil to give the common bean plant a nutritional boost during the transplant.
Step3 Dig the Hole
Dig holes for the plants, deep enough to accommodate the common bean root ball and slightly wider. Use measuring tape or a ruler to ensure sufficient space between holes according to the specific common bean variety's spacing requirements.
Step4 Plant Placement
Place the common bean plant into the hole, making sure the root ball is completely covered with soil. Gently firm the soil around the plant to remove any air pockets.
Step5 Watering
Water the transplanted common bean thoroughly to help it settle in its new location and to support root establishment.
How Do You Care For Common Bean After Transplanting?
Watering
Keep the soil around the common bean consistently moist, but not soggy, for the first few weeks after transplanting to help establish strong roots.
Mulching
Apply a layer of organic mulch around the common bean plant to help conserve moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
Pest Control
Keep an eye out for pests and diseases and address any issues as early as possible with organic or chemical control methods.
Support
If necessary, provide support structures such as stakes or trellises for the common bean plant once it starts to grow and produce pods.
Pruning
Thin out weak or overcrowded growth periodically to improve airflow and sunlight penetration, promoting healthy growth for the common bean plant.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Common Bean Transplantation.
What is the ideal season and spacing for transplanting common bean?
Transplant common bean in mid-spring to early summer. Space them 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cm) apart for best results.
Do I need to harden off common bean before transplanting?
Yes, harden off common bean by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions 1-2 weeks before transplanting.
What is the appropriate soil type for transplanting common bean?
Common bean prefers well-draining, fertile soil with a neutral pH of 6.0-7.0. Amend the soil if necessary.
How deep should I plant common bean when transplanting?
Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball and plant common bean at the same depth as in its container.
How much sunlight is needed for common bean after transplanting?
Common bean requires full sun, which means at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth.
What is the watering frequency for common bean after transplanting?
Water common bean regularly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Adjust based on weather conditions.
Should I fertilize common bean after transplanting?
Fertilize common bean after transplanting with slow-release granular or liquid fertilizer, following the package instructions.
What are some common pests and diseases affecting common bean?
Common issues with common bean include aphids, spider mites, and rust. Monitor plants and treat them as needed.
How can I protect common bean from frost after transplanting?
Protect common bean from frost by covering them with frost blankets or moving containers to a sheltered area.
When should I expect to harvest common bean after transplanting?
Harvest common bean 55-75 days after transplanting, once pods are fully developed but not over-mature or bulging.
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Toxic
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Summarization
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Human
Fruits
Toxic parts
EatenRaw
Effect methods
Is Common Bean toxic to human?
Common bean has toxic properties that can harm humans if eaten raw or improperly prepared. Symptoms of toxicity from this plant range from mild to moderate. The beans are toxic because of the significant amounts of lectins they contain. Symptoms of eating these toxic beans include stomachache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, which might appear to be due to food poisoning. Common bean is a popular food crop, so some might be affected if they prepare the beans incorrectly before ingesting them.
How to identify Common Bean
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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