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Chinese evergreen play
Chinese evergreen
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Chinese evergreen
Chinese evergreen
Chinese evergreen
Chinese evergreen
Chinese evergreen
Aglaonema commutatum
Also known as : Poison dart plant
Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema commutatum) is an evergreen herbaceous perennial, often cultivated as a houseplant and garden ornamental. Some people confuse it with a dumb cane due to their numerous similarities. You can differentiate the two species by looking at leaves - compared to dumb cane chinese evergreen has narrower dark green leaves with few light green stripes.
Water
Water
Every week
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full shade
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Toxic to Humans
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care guide

Care Guide for Chinese evergreen

Watering Care
Watering Care
Chinese evergreen plants are drought tolerant and very prone to root rot, so let the soil dry out almost completely between waterings, checking with your finger. Water about once a week during spring and summer, less otherwise.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilize chinese evergreen once every month or six weeks with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer in spring and summer only to support the plant while it is growing. Reduce the frequency in the fall and do not fertilize chinese evergreen at all during winter.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the diseased, withered leaves once a month.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Chalky, Clay, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Details on Repotting Repotting
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Chinese evergreen
Water
Water
Every week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full shade
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 12
Planting Time
Planting Time
All year around
question

Questions About Chinese evergreen

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Chinese evergreen?
There are plenty of viable ways to supply your Chinese evergreen with water. If you grow your plant in an indoor pot, for the Chinese evergreens in small pots, you can bring your potted plant to your kitchen sink. Then, use the faucet to add water to the container. By holding the pot in your hands, you should easily notice when the water begins to run through the pot’s drainage holes, at which point you can stop watering. The cold temperature will hurt the plants' root system, so please don't do this during winter or in cold climates. Most of the time, watering via your faucet is permissible for the Chinese evergreen. However, if the local tap water contains a high proportion of fluorine, chlorine or salts, you should consider using rainwater or lake water.
Also, since the Chinese evergreen can respond well to overhead watering and watering directly into the soil, you can use a watering can, hose, or just about any tool you’d like to water it.
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What should I do if I water my Chinese evergreen too much or too little?
If you discover that you have underwatered your Chinese evergreen, your first step towards remedying the situation is to give your plant some water. Water deeply until excess water runs from the container’s drainage hole, or if you grow outside, water until the soil has become entirely moist. If you find your Chinese evergreen is receiving too much water, begin by reducing your watering schedule. You also want to address the soil and container your Chinese evergreen grows in. If either the soil or the container makes it difficult for water to drain efficiently, your plant will likely become overwatered again. Resolve the issue by moving your plant to looser soils and/or a container with bigger drainage holes or a more porous material. Also check the location of the plant. If the plant is in places like a corner, then it is recommended to move it to a window or around a door to enhance ventilation. Making sure the plants are in a well-ventilated location can reduce the occurrence of overwatering to some extent.
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How often should I water my Chinese evergreen?
The Chinese evergreen is not a species that requires consistent soil moisture. Instead, it is better to allow this plant’s soil to become dry between waterings. If you are like the many gardeners who grow Chinese evergreens in containers, you can judge whether or not it is time to add water by how dry the soil within the container is. For instance, if about top half of the soil in your container has become dry, it is time to add water. You can feel it by inserting your fingers or sticks into the soil or with soil moisture meter. For those who grow the Chinese evergreen outdoors, you can plan to do your watering about once every other week, provided it has not rained recently.
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How much water does my Chinese evergreen need?
After waiting for the first several layers of soil surrounding your Chinese evergreen’s root to become dry(top half of the soil), it is time to add enough water to make them moist again. The amount of water it takes to achieve that goal depends on if you use a container, how large that container is, and how large your plant itself is. For a small Chinese evergreen growing in a small to a medium-sized container, one to two cups may be enough to dampen the soil sufficiently. As you would expect, the volume of water you supply should increase for a larger plant. The best way to make sure your plant has received enough water is to stick your finger or a trowel into the soil and feel whether it is entirely moist. Alternatively, you can water until you see excess water draining from the holes at the bottom of your container.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Chinese evergreen enough?
Overwatering and underwatering are both bad for the health of your Chinese evergreen. These two issues also manifest themselves in subtly different ways when they occur. Chinese evergreen that receives too little water may begin to develop yellow leaves. Underwatering may also cause the leaf margins to become brown and brittle. By contrast, Chinese evergreen that gets overwatered will often show yellow and brown marks on its leaves at the same time. Overwatering can also lead to diseases like root rot, some of which may also be visible on your plant. However, if you know the signs of overwatering and underwatering, you stand a good chance of correcting both issues.
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How should I water my Chinese evergreen through the seasons?
During spring and fall, your watering schedule for the Chinese evergreen will remain relatively the same, which will involve watering this plant about once every week. During summer, you may find that the hot weather causes your plant to need more water than usual, especially if it grows where there is a considerable amount of daily light exposure. In the winter, if it's hard to find some warm places for you plant, your Chinese evergreen will enter a dormant growth phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. At this time, you may get by without watering your plant at all. If you do choose to water during winter, you should not do so more often than once every two to three weeks.
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How should I water my Chinese evergreen at different growth stages?
After planting a new, young Chinese evergreen or after transplanting an older Chinese evergreen, you will probably need to give this plant more water than usual. Young plants often need consistent soil moisture during the early stages of their growth to help them adapt to their new growing locations. Transplants also need more water for a brief time to overcome transplant shock. In either case, you may need to water multiple times per week until your plant has exhibited continuous healthy growth. In most situations, your water should be moderate and should never be significant enough to cause overwatering.
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What's the difference between watering Chinese evergreen indoors and outdoors?
There are a few reasons why you may need to water an indoor Chinese evergreen more often than one that grows in the ground outdoors. First, indoor growing settings tend to be drier than outdoor ones, often due to the effect of air conditioning units. While thw size of the pot and the soil determines the warer accumulating ability. Additionally, when your plant grows indoors, it will rely on you entirely for its water By contrast, Chinese evergreen that grows outside can receive water from rain. If you are in an area with high rainfall, you may not have to give it extra watering. When there is not enough rain, you should water additionally to ensure that the soil does not dry out completely.
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Key Facts About Chinese evergreen

Attributes of Chinese evergreen

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
All year around
Bloom Time
Summer
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
30 cm to 91 cm
Spread
30 cm to 46 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Variegated
Gray
Red
Flower Size
2.5 cm to 8 cm
Flower Color
White
Green
Cream
Fruit Color
Red
Burgundy
Stem Color
Green
Gray
Silver
Red
White
Pink
Dormancy
Non-dormant
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Season
Summer, Fall
Growth Rate
Moderate

Name story

Chinese evergreen
Aglaonema commutatum has become one of the most popular indoor potted plants. Its leaves will vary in different patterns based on the varieties, but all their leaves are a green-based color with white or golden stripes and spots on them. This plant is capable to live many years indoors and remain green and fresh. As it is also native to China, it is called Chinese evergreen.

Symbolism

Fortune, prosperity, longevity, family

Usages

Garden Use
Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema commutatum) is an evergreen perennial shrub that is a popular ornamental plant grown for its two-colored leaves and red berries. This tropical plant needs warm shady conditions to thrive and so makes for an ideal houseplant. However, it can also grow well in gardens in warm and humid climates. Great companions to this species include orchids, dracaenas, and arboricola.

Scientific Classification of Chinese evergreen

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Chinese evergreen

Common issues for Chinese evergreen based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting Chinese evergreen, leading to darkening and wilting of leaves. It is caused by pathogens in moist conditions, deteriorating plant health and reducing growth.
Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a disease affecting Chinese evergreen, causing its foliage to droop and eventually die. This disease is often related to water and soil conditions and can cause significant damage if not promptly managed. It also affects the overall health and vigor of the plant.
Mealybugs
Mealybugs Mealybugs
Mealybugs
Mealybugs, caused by small, unarmored scale insects, inflict severe damage on Chinese evergreen. They suck sap from the plant, weakening it and leading to leaf wilt, yellowing, and possibly death. The bugs also excrete a sugary residue that fosters fungal growth.
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot on Chinese evergreen is a widespread disease causing dark, wet spots on leaves, reducing aesthetics and occasionally leading to plant death. The disease can strike at any point, especially in high humidity conditions, and can be effectively managed through appropriate care and treatment.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting Chinese evergreen, leading to darkening and wilting of leaves. It is caused by pathogens in moist conditions, deteriorating plant health and reducing growth.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Visible symptoms of leaf rot in Chinese evergreen include patches of brown or black on the foliage, leaf drop, yellowing leaves, and rotted, soggy roots.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
fungal infection
Some species of Phytophthora and Pythium are notorious for causing leaf rot.
2
Bacteria
Certain bacteria like Pseudomonas contributes to Leaf Rot.
3
Overwatering
Excess watering leads to damp and humid conditions that foster fungal and bacterial growth.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Isolation: Keep the affected plant away from healthy ones to avoid spread.

Pruning: Cut off affected areas and destroy them to prevent spreading.

Water management: Avoid overwatering and ensure good drainage to keep roots dry.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply appropriate fungicides like copper oxychloride to control fungal growth.

Bactericides: Employ relevant bactericides to mitigate bacterial infection.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Wilting is a disease affecting Chinese evergreen, causing its foliage to droop and eventually die. This disease is often related to water and soil conditions and can cause significant damage if not promptly managed. It also affects the overall health and vigor of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Early signs include drooping leaves which appear pale and colorless. Gradual browning at leaf tips and edges progresses inwards. The plant becomes lethargic, and if unchecked, the entire plant wilts and eventually dies.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Water deficiency
Not enough watering leads to wilting as the plants struggle to consume necessary nutrients and moisture.
2
Soil-borne fungi
Certain fungi, like Verticillium and Fusarium, infect Chinese evergreen causing wilting.
3
Overwatering
As paradoxical as it may seem, too much water also leads to wilt due to root rot.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Water management: Ensure the plant receives appropriate watering. Avoid both under and overwatering.

Soil improvement: Introduce well-drained soils to lower fungal impact.

Removal: Uproot and throw away diseased plants to prevent the spread.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide treatment: Apply fungicides like Mycostop or Rootshield, which combat soil-borne fungi causing wilt.

Regular check-up: Regularly inspect for signs of disease and apply appropriate treatments.
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Mealybugs
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Mealybugs, caused by small, unarmored scale insects, inflict severe damage on Chinese evergreen. They suck sap from the plant, weakening it and leading to leaf wilt, yellowing, and possibly death. The bugs also excrete a sugary residue that fosters fungal growth.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Chinese evergreen exhibits wilting, yellowing, and curling of leaves due to sap depletion by the mealybugs. The pests appear as cotton-like deposits on the plant. Also, the presence of a sooty black mold signifies their excreted sugary residue.
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Insect
Mealybugs, tiny scale insects, are the primary cause. They suck plant sap, leading to decreased health and vitality of Chinese evergreen.
2
Environmental conditions
Warm and humid environments enable mealybugs to multiply rapidly, exacerbating the severity of the infestation.
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Manual removal: Physically remove visible mealybugs and their eggs from Chinese evergreen using a soft brush or cotton swabs dipped in alcohol.

Natural predators: Utilize beneficial insects, like ladybugs and lacewings, which are natural predators of mealybugs.
2
Pesticide
Insecticidal soap: Spray Chinese evergreen with insecticidal soaps or oils. They are specifically designed to eliminate mealybugs without adversely affecting the plant.

Systematic insecticides: Where infestation is severe, use systematic insecticides that are absorbed by Chinese evergreen and can destroy mealybugs during their feeding.
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Brown blotch yellow edge
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Brown spot on Chinese evergreen is a widespread disease causing dark, wet spots on leaves, reducing aesthetics and occasionally leading to plant death. The disease can strike at any point, especially in high humidity conditions, and can be effectively managed through appropriate care and treatment.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initial symptoms on Chinese evergreen display as small, wet, dark spots on the leaf surface, which enlarge over time. In severe instances, entire leaves can turn brown and wilth.
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Causal organism
Brown spot is caused by a fungus, Alternaria alternata, which thrives in warm, moist environments.
2
Environmental factors
Overwatering or high humidity can contribute to the development and progression of the disease.
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Improve ventilation: Ensure Chinese evergreen is in a well-ventilated area to reduce humidity.

Proper watering: Avoid overwatering and allow the plant to dry out between waterings.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide treatment: Apply a fungicide specifically designed to treat Alternaria alternata, following the manufacturer's guidelines.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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toxic

Chinese evergreen and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Slightly Toxic to Humans
A toxic plant, chinese evergreen can harm humans if they ingest or touch it. The effects are usually mild to moderate. The toxicity is caused by calcium oxalate crystals present in all parts of the plant, including fruits, flowers, bark, leaves, sap, and stems. Touching the sap can cause dermatitis while ingesting the plant can result in vomiting and diarrhea. The plant may be easily accessible to children when it's grown as a houseplant. Wear gloves whenever you deal with the plant to keep any stray sap away from your skin.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Chinese evergreen

Habitat of Chinese evergreen

Humid, shady tropical forest habitat of Asia and New Guinea.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Chinese evergreen

The chinese evergreen plant is native to Indonesia and surrounding countries, growing in subtropical and tropical forests. It is also a widely cultivated garden plant in warmer climates. In the southern United States, it is cultivated as a ground cover.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Chinese Evergreen Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water
Every week
Chinese evergreen thrives in the understorey of humid tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia, indicating a preference for moist yet well-drained conditions. The consistent rainfall and high humidity in these settings suggest chinese evergreen can tolerate frequent watering. However, overwatering and extended periods of water-saturated soil can deter growth, reflecting its natural habitat's well-drained terrain. Thus, it is crucial to replicate these specific moisture conditions for optimal plant health.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full shade
The chinese evergreen has its roots in environments where sunlight is limited, making it thrive best in lower light conditions. Supplementing with small amounts of sun can be beneficial, without exposing to harsh, intense sunrays. Sun deprivation could slow growth, while too much can cause leaf burn.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
5 43 ℃
The chinese evergreen grows natively in tropical regions with high humidity and temperatures ranging from 20 to 38 ℃ (68 to 100 ℉). It prefers warm temperatures and should be kept above 16 ℃ (60 ℉) at all times. During the winter months, it's best to keep the temperature above 18 ℃ (64 ℉) and avoid exposing it to cold drafts or sudden temperature changes.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
1-2 feet
The perfect time to transplant chinese evergreen is from mid-spring to late-spring, or mid-fall to late-fall, as these seasons provide optimal growing conditions. Ensure a well-draining and partially shaded location for its growth. Handle this delicate perennial gently during transplant.
Transplant Techniques
Overwinter
20 ℃
Chinese evergreen hails from humid, tropical regions, highly resilient to varying light conditions. This beauty adapts to winters by thriving indoors, away from chilly drafts. Gardeners must ensure warmth with adequate active growth temperatures (16°C-24°C) and consistent humidity. Lights? Chinese evergreen isn't picky! But it loves a good misting. A tropical retreat for our chinese evergreen this winter!
Winter Techniques
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting Chinese evergreen, leading to darkening and wilting of leaves. It is caused by pathogens in moist conditions, deteriorating plant health and reducing growth.
Learn More About the Disease
Wilting
Wilting is a disease affecting Chinese evergreen, causing its foliage to droop and eventually die. This disease is often related to water and soil conditions and can cause significant damage if not promptly managed. It also affects the overall health and vigor of the plant.
Learn More About the Disease
Mealybugs
Mealybugs, caused by small, unarmored scale insects, inflict severe damage on Chinese evergreen. They suck sap from the plant, weakening it and leading to leaf wilt, yellowing, and possibly death. The bugs also excrete a sugary residue that fosters fungal growth.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot on Chinese evergreen is a widespread disease causing dark, wet spots on leaves, reducing aesthetics and occasionally leading to plant death. The disease can strike at any point, especially in high humidity conditions, and can be effectively managed through appropriate care and treatment.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Slightly Toxic to Humans
A toxic plant, chinese evergreen can harm humans if they ingest or touch it. The effects are usually mild to moderate. The toxicity is caused by calcium oxalate crystals present in all parts of the plant, including fruits, flowers, bark, leaves, sap, and stems. Touching the sap can cause dermatitis while ingesting the plant can result in vomiting and diarrhea. The plant may be easily accessible to children when it's grown as a houseplant. Wear gloves whenever you deal with the plant to keep any stray sap away from your skin.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
East
The chinese evergreen is viewed as a pleasing addition to spaces due to its well-established association with luck and good fortune. Its compatibility with the East-facing direction is influenced by the nourishing energy of the Wood element. It is believed to foster a harmonious environment when placed in this direction, although interpretations may vary depending on individual preferences and arrangements.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Chinese evergreen

Zebra plant
Zebra plant
Zebra plant (Aphelandra squarrosa) is a flowering plant species that is often cultivated as a houseplant. This species grows best in bright sunlight and high humidity. Zebra plant soil should be kept moist without overwatering for best results indoors.
False shamrock
False shamrock
False shamrock (Oxalis triangularis) is a native lobed perennial plant that grows throughout South America. The three-leaved shape gives this plant its name, but the leaves are also remarkable for their purple color. This color makes the false shamrock a popular ornamental plant for hanging baskets. This plant is edible but should be consumed only in small amounts due to the presence of oxalic acid.
Cherry plum
Cherry plum
Cherry plum (Prunus cerasifera) is a deciduous small tree or shrub native to Southern Europe and Western Asia. It is one of the most common wild fruits of its native region, producing numerous rounded, yellow, red, or burgundy-colored sweet juicy fruit in summer and autumn. Cherry plum is also used as an ornamental tree and as rootstock for other Prunus species.
Siberian lily
Siberian lily
The siberian lily (Lilium pensylvanicum) is a flowering plant native to Siberia, Mongolia, Korea, northeastern China, and Hokkaido in Japan. The original Latin name Lilium pensylvanicum by botanist John Bellenden Ker is misleading. Siberian lily is considered easy to grow. It is sensitive to drought conditions.
Angel's trumpet
Angel's trumpet
Angel's trumpet is a showy and unique addition to any garden and is prized for its flowers which have a trumpet shape and a variety of colors including yellow, orange, white, pink, or red. Use extreme caution, however, as all parts of angel's trumpet are poisonous when ingested.
Sawtooth oak
Sawtooth oak
Sawtooth oak (Quercus acutissima) is an Asian oak species that is native to China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia. Sawtooth oak wood can be used to make charcoal used in Japanese tea ceremonies.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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About
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Chinese evergreen
Aglaonema commutatum
Also known as: Poison dart plant
Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema commutatum) is an evergreen herbaceous perennial, often cultivated as a houseplant and garden ornamental. Some people confuse it with a dumb cane due to their numerous similarities. You can differentiate the two species by looking at leaves - compared to dumb cane chinese evergreen has narrower dark green leaves with few light green stripes.
Water
Water
Every week
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full shade
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Toxic to Humans
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question

Questions About Chinese evergreen

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Chinese evergreen?
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What should I do if I water my Chinese evergreen too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Chinese evergreen?
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How much water does my Chinese evergreen need?
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Chinese evergreen enough?
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plant_info

Key Facts About Chinese evergreen

Attributes of Chinese evergreen

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
All year around
Bloom Time
Summer
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
30 cm to 91 cm
Spread
30 cm to 46 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Variegated
Gray
Red
Flower Size
2.5 cm to 8 cm
Flower Color
White
Green
Cream
Fruit Color
Red
Burgundy
Stem Color
Green
Gray
Silver
Red
White
Pink
Dormancy
Non-dormant
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Season
Summer, Fall
Growth Rate
Moderate
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Name story

Chinese evergreen
Aglaonema commutatum has become one of the most popular indoor potted plants. Its leaves will vary in different patterns based on the varieties, but all their leaves are a green-based color with white or golden stripes and spots on them. This plant is capable to live many years indoors and remain green and fresh. As it is also native to China, it is called Chinese evergreen.

Symbolism

Fortune, prosperity, longevity, family

Usages

Garden Use
Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema commutatum) is an evergreen perennial shrub that is a popular ornamental plant grown for its two-colored leaves and red berries. This tropical plant needs warm shady conditions to thrive and so makes for an ideal houseplant. However, it can also grow well in gardens in warm and humid climates. Great companions to this species include orchids, dracaenas, and arboricola.

Scientific Classification of Chinese evergreen

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Chinese evergreen

Common issues for Chinese evergreen based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting Chinese evergreen, leading to darkening and wilting of leaves. It is caused by pathogens in moist conditions, deteriorating plant health and reducing growth.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting is a disease affecting Chinese evergreen, causing its foliage to droop and eventually die. This disease is often related to water and soil conditions and can cause significant damage if not promptly managed. It also affects the overall health and vigor of the plant.
Learn More About the Wilting more
Mealybugs
Mealybugs Mealybugs Mealybugs
Mealybugs, caused by small, unarmored scale insects, inflict severe damage on Chinese evergreen. They suck sap from the plant, weakening it and leading to leaf wilt, yellowing, and possibly death. The bugs also excrete a sugary residue that fosters fungal growth.
Learn More About the Mealybugs more
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot on Chinese evergreen is a widespread disease causing dark, wet spots on leaves, reducing aesthetics and occasionally leading to plant death. The disease can strike at any point, especially in high humidity conditions, and can be effectively managed through appropriate care and treatment.
Learn More About the Brown blotch yellow edge more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting Chinese evergreen, leading to darkening and wilting of leaves. It is caused by pathogens in moist conditions, deteriorating plant health and reducing growth.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Visible symptoms of leaf rot in Chinese evergreen include patches of brown or black on the foliage, leaf drop, yellowing leaves, and rotted, soggy roots.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
fungal infection
Some species of Phytophthora and Pythium are notorious for causing leaf rot.
2
Bacteria
Certain bacteria like Pseudomonas contributes to Leaf Rot.
3
Overwatering
Excess watering leads to damp and humid conditions that foster fungal and bacterial growth.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Isolation: Keep the affected plant away from healthy ones to avoid spread.

Pruning: Cut off affected areas and destroy them to prevent spreading.

Water management: Avoid overwatering and ensure good drainage to keep roots dry.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply appropriate fungicides like copper oxychloride to control fungal growth.

Bactericides: Employ relevant bactericides to mitigate bacterial infection.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Wilting is a disease affecting Chinese evergreen, causing its foliage to droop and eventually die. This disease is often related to water and soil conditions and can cause significant damage if not promptly managed. It also affects the overall health and vigor of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Early signs include drooping leaves which appear pale and colorless. Gradual browning at leaf tips and edges progresses inwards. The plant becomes lethargic, and if unchecked, the entire plant wilts and eventually dies.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Water deficiency
Not enough watering leads to wilting as the plants struggle to consume necessary nutrients and moisture.
2
Soil-borne fungi
Certain fungi, like Verticillium and Fusarium, infect Chinese evergreen causing wilting.
3
Overwatering
As paradoxical as it may seem, too much water also leads to wilt due to root rot.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Water management: Ensure the plant receives appropriate watering. Avoid both under and overwatering.

Soil improvement: Introduce well-drained soils to lower fungal impact.

Removal: Uproot and throw away diseased plants to prevent the spread.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide treatment: Apply fungicides like Mycostop or Rootshield, which combat soil-borne fungi causing wilt.

Regular check-up: Regularly inspect for signs of disease and apply appropriate treatments.
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Mealybugs
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Mealybugs, caused by small, unarmored scale insects, inflict severe damage on Chinese evergreen. They suck sap from the plant, weakening it and leading to leaf wilt, yellowing, and possibly death. The bugs also excrete a sugary residue that fosters fungal growth.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Chinese evergreen exhibits wilting, yellowing, and curling of leaves due to sap depletion by the mealybugs. The pests appear as cotton-like deposits on the plant. Also, the presence of a sooty black mold signifies their excreted sugary residue.
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Insect
Mealybugs, tiny scale insects, are the primary cause. They suck plant sap, leading to decreased health and vitality of Chinese evergreen.
2
Environmental conditions
Warm and humid environments enable mealybugs to multiply rapidly, exacerbating the severity of the infestation.
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Mealybugs Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Manual removal: Physically remove visible mealybugs and their eggs from Chinese evergreen using a soft brush or cotton swabs dipped in alcohol.

Natural predators: Utilize beneficial insects, like ladybugs and lacewings, which are natural predators of mealybugs.
2
Pesticide
Insecticidal soap: Spray Chinese evergreen with insecticidal soaps or oils. They are specifically designed to eliminate mealybugs without adversely affecting the plant.

Systematic insecticides: Where infestation is severe, use systematic insecticides that are absorbed by Chinese evergreen and can destroy mealybugs during their feeding.
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Brown blotch yellow edge
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
Brown spot on Chinese evergreen is a widespread disease causing dark, wet spots on leaves, reducing aesthetics and occasionally leading to plant death. The disease can strike at any point, especially in high humidity conditions, and can be effectively managed through appropriate care and treatment.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initial symptoms on Chinese evergreen display as small, wet, dark spots on the leaf surface, which enlarge over time. In severe instances, entire leaves can turn brown and wilth.
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Causal organism
Brown spot is caused by a fungus, Alternaria alternata, which thrives in warm, moist environments.
2
Environmental factors
Overwatering or high humidity can contribute to the development and progression of the disease.
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Chinese evergreen?
1
Non pesticide
Improve ventilation: Ensure Chinese evergreen is in a well-ventilated area to reduce humidity.

Proper watering: Avoid overwatering and allow the plant to dry out between waterings.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide treatment: Apply a fungicide specifically designed to treat Alternaria alternata, following the manufacturer's guidelines.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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toxic

Chinese evergreen and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
A toxic plant, chinese evergreen can harm humans if they ingest or touch it. The effects are usually mild to moderate. The toxicity is caused by calcium oxalate crystals present in all parts of the plant, including fruits, flowers, bark, leaves, sap, and stems. Touching the sap can cause dermatitis while ingesting the plant can result in vomiting and diarrhea. The plant may be easily accessible to children when it's grown as a houseplant. Wear gloves whenever you deal with the plant to keep any stray sap away from your skin.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

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The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Chinese evergreen

Habitat of Chinese evergreen

Humid, shady tropical forest habitat of Asia and New Guinea.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Chinese evergreen

The chinese evergreen plant is native to Indonesia and surrounding countries, growing in subtropical and tropical forests. It is also a widely cultivated garden plant in warmer climates. In the southern United States, it is cultivated as a ground cover.
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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Water
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Chinese Evergreen Watering Instructions
Chinese evergreen thrives in the understorey of humid tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia, indicating a preference for moist yet well-drained conditions. The consistent rainfall and high humidity in these settings suggest chinese evergreen can tolerate frequent watering. However, overwatering and extended periods of water-saturated soil can deter growth, reflecting its natural habitat's well-drained terrain. Thus, it is crucial to replicate these specific moisture conditions for optimal plant health.
When Should I Water My Chinese Evergreen?
Introductory Statement
Timely watering plays an integral role in the health and growth of chinese evergreen. Understanding the indicators that signify its need for water can aid in maintaining its vibrant appearance and encourage its growth.
Leaf Color
An indication of inadequate watering in chinese evergreen is revealed through its leaves. Yellowing of leaves suggests the plant needs water. But remember, bright green leaves are a sign of a healthy plant, whereas the color turning yellowish-green may indicate over-watering. It's important to judge the water needs based on color and ensure it does not proceed to a point of over-hydration.
Droopy Leaves
Another sign to look out for in chinese evergreen is the drooping of leaves. This usually implies the plant needs immediate watering. The leaves should perk up a few hours after being watered.
Dry Topsoil
The dryness of the topsoil is the most valid indicator to decide when to water chinese evergreen. If the first 1-2 inches of soil are dry to the touch, then it is generally a good time to water the plant.
Shriveled or Curling Leaves
If the leaves of chinese evergreen begin to curl up or appear shriveled, this could also be a sign that the plant is in need of water.
Pot Weight
Pick up the pot from time to time. If it feels lighter than usual, it could mean that the soil is dry, indicating the need for watering chinese evergreen.
Risks of Over-watering and Under-watering
Under-watering can cause chinese evergreen to wilt and stop growing. It can also cause drying out and browning of leaf tips. Over-watering, on the other hand, leads to yellowing of leaves and root rot which can severely damage and even kill chinese evergreen. Ignoring these signs results in an unhealthy plant and reduces its ability to flourish.
How Should I Water My Chinese Evergreen?
Unique Watering Needs and Sensitivities
The chinese evergreen prefers humidity and moist soil conditions, but it is prone to root rot if the soil remains too damp, making usual watering techniques less suitable. Therefore, careful water application is crucial.
Optimum Watering Technique
Bottom-watering is the optimum method for watering the chinese evergreen. This method involves placing the plant pot in a container filled with water and allowing the moisture to absorb up through the drainage holes. It prevents over-saturation on the surface and ensures the roots gain adequate moisture.
Preferred Tools
A watering can with a long, slender spout will allow for controlled pouring during bottom watering. Additionally, considering the chinese evergreen's sensitivity to water logging, a moisture meter could be useful in determining moisture levels, facilitating appropriate watering.
Key Areas to Focus on
For chinese evergreen, it is essential to focus on watering at the base of the plant, avoiding the foliage. Overwatering or watering directly onto the foliage can lead to fungal diseases and root rot. Ensure to keep the leaves of chinese evergreen dry as much as possible.
Other Best Practices
Always use room-temperature water for chinese evergreen, as cold water can shock its roots. After bottom watering, make sure to drain any excess water from the pot's saucer to prevent waterlogging.
How Much Water Does Chinese Evergreen Really Need?
Natural Habitat Hydration
Chinese evergreen originates from the humid, tropical forests of Southeast Asia, which implies a need for consistently moist soil, replicating its wet, natural environment. However, this doesn't mean that the plant should be waterlogged or soaked continuously.
Water Volume
The optimal water quantity for chinese evergreen depends on several factors. Generally, an average-sized chinese evergreen in a 6-inch diameter pot requires about a cup of water every week. This may vary slightly depending on the pot size, root depth, and overall plant size. A larger plant or a deeper root system may require more water.
Watering Indicators
The leaves of chinese evergreen are a reliable indicator of its hydration status. Wilted or yellowing leaves can indicate an overwatered plant, while brown, crisped edges typically suggest under watering. Ideally, the plant should showcase vibrant green leaves when receiving the optimal amount of water.
Root Depth
Chinese evergreen's moderate root system requires careful watering, ensuring the water penetrates to the lower layers of soil to reach the roots, but without causing waterlogging. Approximately 1-2 inches of the top soil should dry out between watering sessions.
Overwatering vs Underwatering Risks
Overwatering chinese evergreen can lead to root rot and significantly weaken the plant, while consistent underwatering can lead to desiccation and slow its growth. It's essential to strike a balance between moist and soggy soil to assure the plant's health.
How Often Should I Water Chinese Evergreen?
Every week
Watering Frequency
Smart Seasonal Watering
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Chinese Evergreen?
Water Type Guide for chinese evergreen
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - chinese evergreen prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Distilled Water: Ideal for chinese evergreen as it is free of impurities and minerals. Rainwater: A good option for chinese evergreen as it is natural and typically free of harmful chemicals. Filtered Water: Suitable for chinese evergreen as long as it removes any contaminants. Tap Water: Can be used if no other options are available, but chinese evergreen might be sensitive to chlorine and other chemicals.
Chlorine Sensitivity
Moderate - chinese evergreen might be sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can cause leaf burn or stress to the plant.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Unknown - chinese evergreen might be sensitive to fluoride, so it is best to avoid water sources high in fluoride if possible.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least 24 hours before using it on chinese evergreen. This allows the chlorine to evaporate and makes it safer for the plant. Water filtration systems or activated carbon filters can also help remove chlorine and other harmful substances from tap water, making it more suitable for chinese evergreen.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate - chinese evergreen generally prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Chinese Evergreen's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water chinese evergreen in Spring?
As temperature begins to rise in spring, chinese evergreen gradually increases its metabolic activities. Hence, water the plant such that the soil remains slightly moist. Avoid overwatering to prevent root rot which can be a severe problem in an eager attempt to boost growth. Keep a balance and ensure the plant鈥檚 soil drains well which prevents waterlog. It's a good time to vascularize chinese evergreen which can promote better water absorption, leading to a healthy transition into the growing season.
How to Water chinese evergreen in Summer?
In summer, maintain consistent soil moisture without making the soil soggy. Chinese evergreen enjoys high humidity so mist it occasionally if not placed in a humid environment. Because of the high temperatures, water may evaporate quickly but that does not correlate with the plant needing a lot more water. Check soil conditions regularly, as overwatering could cause leaves to fade or damage the roots.
How to Water chinese evergreen in Autumn?
Chinese evergreen begins to slow down its metabolic activity in preparation for winter in Autumn. Adjust watering needs by making sure the top inch of the soil is dry to touch before re-watering. It is ideal to keep the soil a bit on the dry side because overwatering during this period can lead to root rot. Ensure good drainage and avoid water accumulation at the pot base.
How to Water chinese evergreen in Winter?
Chinese evergreen goes dormant in winter, significantly slowing down its metabolic activities. Therefore, watering should be reduced. While the plant still needs to be hydrated, ensure that the soil is almost dry before watering again. It's especially important to avoid overwatering during this period because it can cause the plant's roots to rot.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Chinese Evergreen Watering Routine?
Watering Tools:
Using a watering can or hose with a gentle, narrow spout allows for more precise watering. This helps avoid over-watering or getting water on the leaves, which can contribute to leaf spot diseases.
Watering Frequency:
Chinese evergreens prefer their soil to be mostly dry before the next watering. Watering only when the top inch of soil feels dry is a good rule of thumb. This plant is more tolerant of underwatering than overwatering, so it's better to err on the side of caution.
Soil Moisture Assessment:
To assess soil moisture beyond the surface level, gently dig your finger or a moisture meter into the top few inches of soil. If it feels moist, it's best to wait before watering to prevent waterlogged roots and potential root rot.
Avoiding Waterlogged Soil:
Ensure that the pot has drainage holes and remove any excess water that accumulates in the saucer or tray. Standing water can suffocate the roots, leading to root rot and the decline of the plant.
Signs of Thirst:
When a Chinese evergreen is thirsty, its leaves may start to droop or wilt slightly. If the plant is severely dehydrated, the leaves may turn yellow or brown, signaling the need for water.
Signs of Over-Watering:
Over-watering can cause root rot and the leaves of the Chinese evergreen to turn yellow or develop black spots. If the soil is consistently wet or waterlogged and the plant shows these signs, it's best to adjust the watering routine.
Watering During a Heatwave:
During a heatwave, the Chinese evergreen may need more frequent watering to compensate for increased evaporation. Monitor the soil moisture closely and adjust the watering schedule accordingly, ensuring the plant doesn't become dehydrated.
Watering During Extended Rain:
If the plant is exposed to extended periods of rain or has been receiving excessive water, it may be necessary to temporarily reduce or halt watering until the soil has a chance to dry out. Ensuring proper drainage is crucial in such conditions.
Watering for Stressed Plants:
If the Chinese evergreen is experiencing stress, such as from changes in lighting, temperature, or being recently repotted, it's best to reduce watering until it recovers. Stress can make the plant more susceptible to root rot or other watering-related issues.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Chinese Evergreen?
Overview of Hydroponics
Chinese evergreen is a plant that can be successfully grown using hydroponics, a method of growing plants without soil. Hydroponics offers several benefits for chinese evergreen, including more precise control over nutrient levels, improved water efficiency, and reduced risk of soil-borne diseases.
Best Suited Hydroponic System
The nutrient film technique (NFT) is the most suitable hydroponic system for growing chinese evergreen in a water-based environment. NFT involves a shallow, sloping channel where a thin film of nutrient-rich water continuously flows over the roots. This system provides excellent aeration and nutrient uptake for chinese evergreen's roots.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
Chinese evergreen thrives in a balanced nutrient solution with a pH range of 6.0-6.5. The nutrient concentration should be maintained at an EC (Electrical Conductivity) level of 1.2-2.0 mS/cm. It is advisable to change the nutrient solution every two weeks or when the EC level drops below the recommended range.
Challenges and Common Issues
Root rot is a common issue in hydroponic systems, so it is crucial to maintain good oxygenation and avoid waterlogging. Additionally, chinese evergreen is sensitive to nutrient imbalances, such as excessive nitrogen or low calcium levels. Adequate lighting is also essential, with chinese evergreen requiring moderate to bright light for optimal growth.
Monitoring Plant Health
Regularly monitor chinese evergreen's foliage for signs of stress, such as yellowing or wilting leaves. Check the roots for any signs of rot or discoloration. A healthy chinese evergreen should have vibrant, green foliage and robust root growth.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
During the vegetative stage, chinese evergreen benefits from a longer light duration of 14-16 hours per day. As it enters the flowering stage, reduce the light duration to 10-12 hours per day. Consider adjusting the nutrient solution's composition during different growth stages to meet chinese evergreen's changing nutritional needs.
Nutrient Solution
Chinese evergreen prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 6.0-6.5 for optimal growth.
Hydroponic System
The nutrient film technique (NFT) is the most suitable hydroponic system for growing chinese evergreen in a water-based environment.
Nutrient Change Frequency
Change the nutrient solution every two weeks or when the EC level drops below the recommended range.
Root Rot Prevention
Ensure good oxygenation in the root zone and avoid waterlogging to prevent root rot in chinese evergreen.
Light Requirements
Chinese evergreen requires moderate to bright light for optimal growth in a hydroponic setup.
Plant Health Monitoring
Regularly check chinese evergreen's foliage for signs of stress, such as yellowing or wilting leaves. Monitor the roots for any signs of rot or discoloration.
Growth Stage Adjustment
During the vegetative stage, provide chinese evergreen with 14-16 hours of light per day. Reduce the light duration to 10-12 hours during the flowering stage.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Chinese evergreen is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, root rot...
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Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
Chinese evergreen is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, leaf curling, yellowing leaves...
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Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Leaf curling
Leaves may curl inward or downward as they attempt to conserve water and minimize water loss through transpiration.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Chinese Evergreen
Why are the leaves of my chinese evergreen turning yellow?
Yellow leaves in your chinese evergreen can signify overwatering or a poor draining soil. Ensure that water doesn't sit at the bottom of the pot, which can lead to root rot. Water your chinese evergreen only when the top 2 inches of the soil is dry to touch.
The leaf tips of my chinese evergreen are getting brown and crispy. What's the reason for it?
Brown and crispy leaf tips can result from underwatering. The chinese evergreen prefers to be kept evenly moist, so if the soil is too dry, water the plant thoroughly until the water drains from the bottom.
Why is the foliage of my chinese evergreen becoming droopy and soft?
Droopy and soft foliage typifies overwatering in the case of chinese evergreen. Prevent excess water by adjusting your watering schedule according to the season, and also ensuring the pot has well-draining soil and sufficient drainage holes.
The leaves of my chinese evergreen are pale and seem translucent. What could be the issue?
Translucent patches on the leaves can be a sign of overwatering. Check the soil before watering to ensure it has largely dried out. Remember, the chinese evergreen doesn't appreciate 'wet feet', so avoid excess watering and make sure it has good drainage.
Why are the leaves of my chinese evergreen falling off?
This can be an indication of both overwatering and underwatering. Make sure that you're checking the moisture levels of the soil before watering your chinese evergreen. If the soil feels soggy, let it dry out. If it feels completely parched, it's time to water it.
My chinese evergreen shows slow growth or no growth at all. Could this be a watering issue?
Yes, it could be. Both overwatering and underwatering could hamper the growth of chinese evergreen. Make sure the soil is well-drained and only water the plant once the top soil is dry. Regular and consistent practices will promote healthy growth.
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Lighting
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Requirements
Full shade
Ideal
Less than 3 hours of sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
The chinese evergreen has its roots in environments where sunlight is limited, making it thrive best in lower light conditions. Supplementing with small amounts of sun can be beneficial, without exposing to harsh, intense sunrays. Sun deprivation could slow growth, while too much can cause leaf burn.
Preferred
Tolerable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Chinese evergreen thrives in shaded environments and can tolerate low-light conditions. As a result, symptoms of light deficiency may not be easily noticeable, making it crucial to provide adequate light for optimal growth.
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Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your chinese evergreen may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Loss of variegation
In less-than-ideal conditions, plants produce more chlorophyll to increase photosynthesis. Some variegated varieties, like chinese evergreen, may experience a reduction in variegation or even completely turn green in their new leaves.
Solutions
1. Move your plants to the best spot for sunlight until they can receive ample filtered light, including brief periods of direct morning sunlight. Ideally, place them 1-2 meters away from a window.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Chinese evergreen prefers shade and is sensitive to direct sunlight. Due to this sensitivity, they are prone to developing sunburn symptoms, which easily occur when exposed to direct sunlight.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive ample filtered light without direct sunlight. Find a spot with abundant filtered light that doesn't expose the plant to direct rays.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The chinese evergreen grows natively in tropical regions with high humidity and temperatures ranging from 20 to 38 ℃ (68 to 100 ℉). It prefers warm temperatures and should be kept above 16 ℃ (60 ℉) at all times. During the winter months, it's best to keep the temperature above 18 ℃ (64 ℉) and avoid exposing it to cold drafts or sudden temperature changes.
Regional wintering strategies
Chinese evergreen is extremely heat-loving, and any cold temperatures can cause harm to it. In the autumn, it is recommended to bring outdoor-grown Chinese evergreen indoors and place it near a bright window, but it should be kept at a certain distance from heaters. Maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter is beneficial for plant growth. Any temperatures approaching {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min} are detrimental to the plant.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Chinese evergreen prefers warm temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may lighten in color. After frost damage, the color gradually turns brown or black, and symptoms such as wilting and drooping may occur.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment for cold protection. Choose a spot near a south-facing window to place the plant, ensuring ample sunlight. Additionally, avoid placing the plant near heaters or air conditioning vents to prevent excessive dryness in the air.
High Temperature
During summer, Chinese evergreen should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Chinese Evergreen?
The perfect time to transplant chinese evergreen is from mid-spring to late-spring, or mid-fall to late-fall, as these seasons provide optimal growing conditions. Ensure a well-draining and partially shaded location for its growth. Handle this delicate perennial gently during transplant.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Chinese Evergreen?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Chinese Evergreen?
The perfect season for transplanting chinese evergreen is mid to late spring or fall. This timing ensures the plant's roots establish quickly, allowing for robust growth and reduced stress. A friendly reminder for healthier and happier plants!
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Chinese Evergreen Plants?
When transplanting chinese evergreen, allow a comfortable space of 1-2 feet (30-60 cm) between each plant. This will ensure they have enough room to grow and spread their lovely foliage, giving your garden a lush appearance.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Chinese Evergreen Transplanting?
Prepare the soil with a well-draining, loamy mix and add some base fertilizer like compost or slow-release granules. This will provide chinese evergreen with the nutrients it needs to thrive and grow beautifully.
Where Should You Relocate Your Chinese Evergreen?
Find a location where your chinese evergreen will receive bright but indirect sunlight. Avoid placing them in direct sun, as it can cause their gorgeous leaves to scorch. A spot with dappled shade or filtered sunlight is perfect for chinese evergreen to flourish.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Chinese Evergreen?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and plant.
Shovel or Spade
To dig around the root ball and remove the plant from the ground, pot, or seedling tray.
Hand Trowel
To help dig the new planting hole and guide the plant into it.
Watering Can or Garden Hose
To water the plant before and after transplanting.
Compost or Organic Fertilizer
To provide nutrients and improve soil conditions for better plant growth.
How Do You Remove Chinese Evergreen from the Soil?
- From Ground: First, water the chinese evergreen plant to dampen the soil. Then, dig a wide trench around the plant using a shovel or spade, ensuring the plant's root ball remains intact. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
- From Pot: Water the plant in its pot, then turn it sideways and gently tap around the pot to loosen the soil and roots. Carefully slide the plant out of the pot, supporting the root ball with one hand.
- From Seedling Tray: Fill a watering can with water and moisten the soil in the tray. Gently loosen and lift the seedlings from the tray, using a small hand trowel or your fingers to avoid damaging the roots.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Chinese Evergreen
Step1 Preparation
Water the chinese evergreen plant to moisten the soil to make removal easier.
Step2 Hole Digging
Dig a hole in the new location slightly larger than the chinese evergreen plant's root ball to accommodate it comfortably.
Step3 Compost or Organic Fertilizer
Mix compost or organic fertilizer with the soil you removed while digging the hole to provide nutrients and improve soil conditions.
Step4 Placing the Plant
Gently lower the chinese evergreen plant into the hole, holding it by the root ball, not the stem. Ensure that the top of the root ball is level with the surrounding soil.
Step5 Fill the Hole
Refill the hole around the plant with the soil and compost mix, gently pressing the soil around the plant to remove any air pockets.
Step6 Water the Plant
Thoroughly water the chinese evergreen plant after transplanting to help settle the soil and establish roots.
How Do You Care For Chinese Evergreen After Transplanting?
Monitoring
Regularly check the chinese evergreen plant for signs of stress or transplant shock, such as drooping leaves or wilting.
Temperature
Make sure your chinese evergreen plant is protected from extreme temperatures, either by providing shade during high heat or covering it during cold nights.
Pruning
Prune the chinese evergreen plant as needed to maintain its shape and promote new growth.
Pest Control
Keep an eye out for pests and diseases, and treat them promptly with insecticidal soap or other appropriate measures.
Patience
Remember that plants can take time to establish themselves after transplanting, so give your chinese evergreen time to recover and grow in its new location.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Chinese Evergreen Transplantation.
When is the ideal time to transplant chinese evergreen?
Transplant chinese evergreen in mid to late spring, or mid to late fall for optimal growth and establishment.
What is the ideal spacing between chinese evergreen when transplanting?
Space chinese evergreen approximately 1-2 feet (30-60 cm) apart to ensure proper air circulation and optimal growth.
How do I prepare the soil before transplanting chinese evergreen?
Loosen the soil and add well-draining, nutrient-rich compost to provide a healthy environment for the roots.
How deep should I plant chinese evergreen during transplanting?
Dig a hole deep enough to cover the plant's root ball, placing it at the same depth it was previously growing.
How much water should I give chinese evergreen after transplanting?
Water chinese evergreen generously after transplanting, ensuring the entire root area is damp but not waterlogged.
What type of light exposure is best for chinese evergreen after transplanting?
Place chinese evergreen in a bright, indirect sunlight location, as intense direct sun can cause leaf burn.
Should I fertilize chinese evergreen immediately after transplanting?
Wait 3-4 weeks after transplanting before applying a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to support healthy growth.
How can I prevent transplant shock in chinese evergreen?
Water well, maintain proper light exposure, and avoid disturbing the roots during the transplant process.
When can I expect to see new growth after transplanting chinese evergreen?
New growth should appear within 3-4 weeks after transplanting, as the plant adjusts to its new environment.
How do I trim chinese evergreen after transplanting to encourage bushier growth?
Trim leggy stems or excessive foliage, making cuts just above a leaf node to stimulate healthy branching.
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Toxic
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Summarization
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Human
AllParts
Toxic parts
Swallowed
Effect methods
Is Chinese Evergreen toxic to human?
A toxic plant, chinese evergreen can harm humans if they ingest or touch it. The effects are usually mild to moderate. The toxicity is caused by calcium oxalate crystals present in all parts of the plant, including fruits, flowers, bark, leaves, sap, and stems. Touching the sap can cause dermatitis while ingesting the plant can result in vomiting and diarrhea. The plant may be easily accessible to children when it's grown as a houseplant. Wear gloves whenever you deal with the plant to keep any stray sap away from your skin.
How to identify Chinese Evergreen
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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