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Japanese laurel play
Japanese laurel
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Japanese laurel
Japanese laurel
Japanese laurel
Japanese laurel
Japanese laurel
Aucuba japonica
Also known as : Gold dust plant
Japanese laurel is native only to Japan, and Korea, where it grows along streams and in moist woodland areas and thickets. It has been introduced sporadically in Europe, East Asia, and the US as a garden plant. It is considered invasive in Virginia.
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full shade
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Toxic to Humans
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care guide

Care Guide for Japanese laurel

Watering Care
Watering Care
Japanese laurel can suffer from root rot easily, so it should never be overwatered. Aim to keep the soil slightly moist and let it dry out between waterings. This plant will need fairly frequent watering in the warmer months but requires almost none in winter.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Japanese laurel thrives when fertilized every two weeks to one month during the spring and summer growing season but doesn't need any fertilization at other times of the year. Use a water-soluble fertilizer with a general-purpose nutrient balance.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the dead, diseased, overgrown branches in winter.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Loam, Sand, Clay, Chalky, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Details on Repotting Repotting
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Japanese laurel
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full shade
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
8 to 12
Planting Time
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
question

Questions About Japanese laurel

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Japanese laurel?
Your Japanese laurel will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Japanese laurel. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Japanese laurel. However, the Japanese laurel usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Japanese laurel too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Japanese laurel can rely on rain most of the time.
When your Japanese laurel is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Japanese laurel, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Japanese laurel from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Japanese laurel in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Japanese laurel, simply water this plant more frequently.
Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Japanese laurel?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Japanese laurel is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants.
For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Japanese laurel. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Japanese laurel .
Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Japanese laurel need?
When it comes time to water your Japanese laurel, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Japanese laurel by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Japanese laurel gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes.
If your Japanese laurel is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Japanese laurel is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Japanese laurel a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Japanese laurel enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Japanese laurel, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Japanese laurel will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Japanese laurel will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Japanese laurel.
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How can I water my Japanese laurel at different growth stages?
When the Japanese laurel is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Japanese laurel that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Japanese laurel can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Japanese laurel is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Japanese laurel through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Japanese laurel. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Japanese laurel will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
Read More more
What's the difference between watering my Japanese laurel indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Japanese laurel may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Key Facts About Japanese laurel

Attributes of Japanese laurel

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Shrub
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Spring
Harvest Time
Spring, Fall, Winter
Plant Height
1 m to 5 m
Spread
1.5 m to 2.5 m
Leaf Color
Green
Yellow
Variegated
Flower Size
4 mm to 8 mm
Flower Color
Purple
Red
Fruit Color
Red
Burgundy
Stem Color
Green
Red
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Season
Spring
Pollinators
Bees
Growth Rate
Slow

Name story

Japanese laurel
This plant combines the growth habits of azaleas with the berry appearance of holly trees, but it has no parental relationship with both of them. Its leaves appear to be more similar to the leaves from the laurel trees. As it is originated from Japan, it is called Japanese laurel.

Symbolism

Purity, rebirth, abundance, resilience

Usages

Garden Use
Japanese laurel (Aucuba japonica) is popular for its attractive two-colored leaves and red berries. One of this plant's best features for gardeners is that it is tolerant of full shade and grows well in dark areas where other plants struggle. Its dense growth also makes it suitable for hedging. It makes for a great addition to informal or cottage gardens but also does well as a houseplant. Plantain lilies, fatsias, and blue hydrangeas make great partners for this plant.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Japanese laurel is a common garden plant thanks to its ease of care and the availability of many interesting cultivars, including some variants with lightly speckled leaves and others that show more yellow than green.

Scientific Classification of Japanese laurel

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Japanese laurel

Common issues for Japanese laurel based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease impacting Japanese laurel. It is characterized by spots on the leaf surface that can result in severe defoliation. Wet environmental conditions and overcrowding often intensify the disease severity, endangering the plant's aesthetics and health.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting the health and aesthetics of Japanese laurel, leading to visible degradation and possible plant death. It's typically caused by different fungi and intensified by overwatering, poor drainage, or over-fertilizing.
Black blotch
Black blotch Black blotch
Black blotch
Black spot is a fungal disease affecting Japanese laurel, causing dark, black spots on the leaves. It reduces the plant's growth and vigor, potentially leading to defoliation if not treated timely.
Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a consequential plant disease caused by multiple factors like inadequate watering or pathogen attack, which often leads to the complete discoloration and malformation of Japanese laurel. It threatens the plant's physiological functions ultimately leading to death if left unchecked.
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Solutions: Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Solutions: Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
Brown spot is a fungal disease impacting Japanese laurel. It is characterized by spots on the leaf surface that can result in severe defoliation. Wet environmental conditions and overcrowding often intensify the disease severity, endangering the plant's aesthetics and health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms include the appearance of brown to black spots on leaf surfaces, often with a yellow halo. As the disease progresses, these spots coalesce and may cause severe defoliation. The infection generally starts on lower leaves and ascends.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Pathogen
The primary pathogen associated with brown spot is the fungus Alternaria panax.
2
Environmental factors
Warm temperatures and high humidity levels enhance the growth and spread of the fungus.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Regular removal of infected leaves and branches helps to hinder disease spread.

Improved Spacing: Ensuring adequate plant spacing improves air circulation, reducing humidity levels and disease incidence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Copper-based fungicides can be effective when applied at disease onset and repeated periodically. Always follow product label instructions.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting the health and aesthetics of Japanese laurel, leading to visible degradation and possible plant death. It's typically caused by different fungi and intensified by overwatering, poor drainage, or over-fertilizing.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Main symptoms include yellowing foliage, browning at leaf tips and edges, decayed roots, stunted growth, and wilting. Later stages may see the leaves drop, leading to overall plant decline.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Fungi
Phytophthora, Pythium, and Rhizoctonia are the prominent pathogens that cause leaf rot.
2
Overwatering and poor drainage
These create a conducive environment for the pathogens to thrive.
3
Over-fertilization
Excess nutrients can weaken Japanese laurel, making it more susceptible to leaf rot.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Drainage improvement: Maintain well-drained soil to prevent waterlogging.

Hygiene: Regularly clean up fallen leaves and prune diseased portions of the plant to limit the spread of the pathogen.

Nutrition: Avoid over-fertilization and maintain balanced nutrient levels.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use copper-based fungicides or a broad-spectrum fungicide for control.

Systemic fungicide: If possible, use this to enable the pesticide to spread through the entire plant.
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Black blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
Black spot is a fungal disease affecting Japanese laurel, causing dark, black spots on the leaves. It reduces the plant's growth and vigor, potentially leading to defoliation if not treated timely.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Key symptoms in Japanese laurel include dark, circular spots on leaf surfaces, yellowing of leaves surrounding the spots, leaf drop, and in severe cases, defoliation of the entire plant.
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Fungus
The disease is caused primarily by a fungus called Diplocarpon rosae. It infects when weather conditions are humid, with cool nights and warm days.
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Regularly prune the plant to increase air circulation. It helps in reducing humidity which the fungus relies on.

Cleaning: Collect and dispose the fallen leaves to prevent fungal spores from spreading.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Apply a suitable fungicide, such as mancozeb or chlorothalonil, on the plant, focusing on the undersides of leaves where spores often reside.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
Wilting is a consequential plant disease caused by multiple factors like inadequate watering or pathogen attack, which often leads to the complete discoloration and malformation of Japanese laurel. It threatens the plant's physiological functions ultimately leading to death if left unchecked.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In Japanese laurel plants affected by wilting, leaves are the first to exhibit symptoms. They turn yellow, appear droopy, and eventually wilt. As the disease progresses, stems may dry out and the whole plant shows signs of stress.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Water deficiency
Inadequate or inconsistent watering can lead to wilting as Japanese laurel requires consistent moisture.
2
Fungal infection
Pathogens such as Verticillium and Fusarium can invade Japanese laurel's vascular system, obstructing water movement and causing wilting.
3
Bacterial wilt
Certain pathogenic bacteria can block water transport, causing wilting.
4
Environmental stress
Extreme temperatures, poor soil conditions, or transplant shock can also contribute to wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Rehydration: Regular, consistent watering can help alleviate wilting, especially if it's a result of water deficiency.

Transplant: If wilt is caused by poor soil conditions, transplanting the Japanese laurel plant to a healthier location may help.

Pruning: Removing affected parts can slow down disease progression and protect the rest of the plant.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: If wilting is due to a fungal infection, applying a suitable fungicide can help control the spread.

Bactericide: In the case of bacterial wilt, application of a bactericide may help restrict further development of the disease.
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Sap-sucking insects
plant poor
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has developed tiny yellowish spots scattered across the leaves that look like mold or mildew. If these marks won't wipe off, they are likely caused by sap-sucking insects like aphids, squash bugs, scale bugs, leafhoppers, whiteflies, mites, mealybugs, and more.
Each of these pests uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. Signs of damage are difficult to spot at first, but a large infestation can quickly compromise the whole plant. You're most likely to see sap-sucking insects during the hottest months because plants make easier targets when already weakened from heat or drought.
Though sap-sucking insects are unlikely to kill your plant on their own, they can severely weaken it and make it more susceptible to disease. They may also spread viruses from one plant to another as they feed.
Solutions
Solutions
Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it.
  1. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find.
  2. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray.
  3. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
Prevention
Prevention
Healthy plants are less likely to suffer from sap-sucker attacks. Keep them fortified with fertilizer and the right amounts of water and sunlight. Plants that receive excess nitrogen are also more susceptible to attack, so don’t overfertilize. You should also remove weeds and tall grasses surrounding your outdoor plants so as not to create habitat space for the pests.
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Underwatering yellow
plant poor
Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant’s leaves are turning yellow due to underwatering, the oldest leaves turn yellow first. Leaves yellow from the edges towards the middle. Other signs of underwatering include the soil feeling very dry or pulling away from the edge of its pot.
Solutions
Solutions
Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly.
  1. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot.
  2. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. When you get a new plant, research its specific watering needs. Set reminders so that you remember to water your plants consistently. Not all plants are the same, so make sure to differentiate all of your plants in your watering schedule.
  2. You may wish to purchase a commercial soil water meter which has a long probe that you place near your plant’s roots. Be sure to check it frequently and water your plant when the soil water meter indicates that it needs watering.
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toxic

Japanese laurel and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Japanese laurel is categorized as a toxic plant that can harm humans if it's ingested. The effects of ingestion are usually mild. The berry-like fruits and leaves contain glycosides that pose a danger to humans who eat these plant parts. Symptoms include slight fever, vomiting, and nausea. Some people ingest this plant as an emergency food in survival situations, and thus may accidentally eat the seeds and experience these negative, toxic reactions. Others may mistake the berries for an edible variety and mistakenly consume the toxic fruits.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
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Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Japanese laurel

Habitat of Japanese laurel

Woods, Rich forest soils, Moist valleys, Dense forests, Thickets, Streams
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Japanese laurel

Japanese laurel is native only to Japan, and Korea, where it grows along streams and in moist woodland areas and thickets. It has been introduced sporadically in Europe, East Asia, and the US as a garden plant. It is considered invasive in Virginia.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Japanese Laurel Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Japanese laurel hails from regions in Japan and China. It is native to various types of forests, including montane and lowland forests. In its natural habitat, japanese laurel is accustomed to moderate to high levels of rainfall, as well as high humidity. Therefore, it prefers soil that is consistently moist. Watering japanese laurel regularly is crucial to mimic its native environment, ensuring the soil remains moist but not waterlogged.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full shade
Japanese laurel thrives under the canopy of taller trees, sheltered from intense sunlight rays. It prospers most in areas mimicking its native environment where sunlight is diffused. Restrained sun exposure enhances its vigor, while excess sun could lead to burn signs.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
-5 43 ℃
Japanese laurel prefers moderate temperatures ranging from 15 to 38 ℃ (59 to 100.4 ℉). In its native growth environment, it requires mild temperatures in winter as it cannot tolerate frost. During summer, it is best to provide it with partial shade to prevent sunscald. In fall, you can reduce watering to stimulate dormancy.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
6-10 feet
For japanese laurel, the perfect time to transplant is the awakening months of early spring, when new roots can establish quickly. Choose a partially shaded location where it will thrive. Remember to maintain moisture during the initial phase for optimal growth!
Transplant Techniques
Pollination
Normal
Like a romantic attraction, japanese laurel elegantly lures diligent bees, its primary pollinators, with vibrant colors and sweet aromas. Its pollination mechanism is reliant on cross-pollination, emphasizing the vital role bees play. During its blooming phase, multiple pollen transfers occur, ensuring successful fertilization. Thus, japanese laurel's pollination tactics evolve around the timing, method, attractants, and indispensable bee-pollinator interaction, creating a harmonious relationship and maintaining the circle of life.
Pollination Techniques
Overwinter
15 ℃
Japanese laurel hails from humid climates in Japan, flourishing in temperatures between 7°C to 15°C. Its robust, evergreen foliage, naturally resistant to frost and low-light, empowers it to thrive during winters. Care during the cold season should highlight the need for continuous moisture, a sheltered location to protect from harsh conditions, and periodic cleanup of damaged leaves to keep japanese laurel warm, hydrated, and radiant throughout the frostbitten months.
Winter Techniques
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease impacting Japanese laurel. It is characterized by spots on the leaf surface that can result in severe defoliation. Wet environmental conditions and overcrowding often intensify the disease severity, endangering the plant's aesthetics and health.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting the health and aesthetics of Japanese laurel, leading to visible degradation and possible plant death. It's typically caused by different fungi and intensified by overwatering, poor drainage, or over-fertilizing.
Learn More About the Disease
Black blotch
Black spot is a fungal disease affecting Japanese laurel, causing dark, black spots on the leaves. It reduces the plant's growth and vigor, potentially leading to defoliation if not treated timely.
Learn More About the Disease
Wilting
Wilting is a consequential plant disease caused by multiple factors like inadequate watering or pathogen attack, which often leads to the complete discoloration and malformation of Japanese laurel. It threatens the plant's physiological functions ultimately leading to death if left unchecked.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Japanese laurel is categorized as a toxic plant that can harm humans if it's ingested. The effects of ingestion are usually mild. The berry-like fruits and leaves contain glycosides that pose a danger to humans who eat these plant parts. Symptoms include slight fever, vomiting, and nausea. Some people ingest this plant as an emergency food in survival situations, and thus may accidentally eat the seeds and experience these negative, toxic reactions. Others may mistake the berries for an edible variety and mistakenly consume the toxic fruits.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
East
The japanese laurel is considered to harmonize well with East-facing directions. This is due to its association with the Wood element in Feng Shui, which is believed to be enhanced by the East's nurturing energy. However, individual experiences may vary, and it's essential to trust one's intuition in finding the proper balance and placement for this plant when improving personal spaces.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Japanese laurel

Chinese aloe
Chinese aloe
Chinese aloe (Aloe vera var. chinensis) is an aloe species related to the well-known aloe vera plant. While some variants of aloe vera are edible, chinese aloe is not. This species is originally from South Africa, but is now cultivated around the world in gardens as an ornamental succulent.
Butterfly pea
Butterfly pea
Butterfly pea are revered as holy flowers in India and are utilized in everyday puja rituals. The flowers of this vine are shaped like human female genitals, hence the Latin name. This plant’s pods and leaves are eaten as vegetables, while the flowers are used as an organic food dye and in Ayurvedic medicine in Southeast Asia.
Four o'clock flower
Four o'clock flower
Four o'clock flower (Mirabilis jalapa), also known as the marvel of Peru, is a perennial, herbaceous, bushy plant with fragrant, showy flowers, commonly cultivated for ornamental purposes. During bloom time, its flowers are closed most of the day; they open between four and eight o'clock, hence the common name four o'clock flower.
Arrowleaf elephant's ear
Arrowleaf elephant's ear
Arrowleaf elephant's ear (*Xanthosoma sagittifolium*) is a herbaceous perennial that can grow from 3 to 3.5 m tall. It has large, blue-green, arrow-shaped leaves that resemble an elephant’s ear. The leaves can grow to 91 cm long, much larger than most elephant ear plants. It prefers partial to full shade.
Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) is a beautiful foliage plant, one of the most popular species of the Araceae family. Due to its air purifying qualities and good looks, arrowhead plant is often cultivated as a houseplant. Every part of this plant is toxic, so it's best to keep it away from kids and pets.
Jade plant
Jade plant
Looking like a miniature fairy tale tree, jade plant is one of the world's most popular succulents. Native to southern regions of Africa, Crassula ovata is well adapted to the dry warm air of modern homes. It grows slowly but lives for so long that plants get passed from generation to generation. It is toxic to dogs, cats, and horses, and even mildly toxic to humans.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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About
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Aucuba japonica
Also known as: Gold dust plant
Japanese laurel is native only to Japan, and Korea, where it grows along streams and in moist woodland areas and thickets. It has been introduced sporadically in Europe, East Asia, and the US as a garden plant. It is considered invasive in Virginia.
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Full shade
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Toxic to Humans
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Questions About Japanese laurel

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Japanese laurel?
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What should I do if I water my Japanese laurel too much or too little?
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How much water does my Japanese laurel need?
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Key Facts About Japanese laurel

Attributes of Japanese laurel

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Shrub
Planting Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Fall, Early winter
Bloom Time
Spring
Harvest Time
Spring, Fall, Winter
Plant Height
1 m to 5 m
Spread
1.5 m to 2.5 m
Leaf Color
Green
Yellow
Variegated
Flower Size
4 mm to 8 mm
Flower Color
Purple
Red
Fruit Color
Red
Burgundy
Stem Color
Green
Red
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Season
Spring
Pollinators
Bees
Growth Rate
Slow
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Name story

Japanese laurel
This plant combines the growth habits of azaleas with the berry appearance of holly trees, but it has no parental relationship with both of them. Its leaves appear to be more similar to the leaves from the laurel trees. As it is originated from Japan, it is called Japanese laurel.

Symbolism

Purity, rebirth, abundance, resilience

Usages

Garden Use
Japanese laurel (Aucuba japonica) is popular for its attractive two-colored leaves and red berries. One of this plant's best features for gardeners is that it is tolerant of full shade and grows well in dark areas where other plants struggle. Its dense growth also makes it suitable for hedging. It makes for a great addition to informal or cottage gardens but also does well as a houseplant. Plantain lilies, fatsias, and blue hydrangeas make great partners for this plant.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Japanese laurel is a common garden plant thanks to its ease of care and the availability of many interesting cultivars, including some variants with lightly speckled leaves and others that show more yellow than green.

Scientific Classification of Japanese laurel

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Japanese laurel

Common issues for Japanese laurel based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot is a fungal disease impacting Japanese laurel. It is characterized by spots on the leaf surface that can result in severe defoliation. Wet environmental conditions and overcrowding often intensify the disease severity, endangering the plant's aesthetics and health.
Learn More About the Brown blotch more
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting the health and aesthetics of Japanese laurel, leading to visible degradation and possible plant death. It's typically caused by different fungi and intensified by overwatering, poor drainage, or over-fertilizing.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Black blotch
Black blotch Black blotch Black blotch
Black spot is a fungal disease affecting Japanese laurel, causing dark, black spots on the leaves. It reduces the plant's growth and vigor, potentially leading to defoliation if not treated timely.
Learn More About the Black blotch more
Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting is a consequential plant disease caused by multiple factors like inadequate watering or pathogen attack, which often leads to the complete discoloration and malformation of Japanese laurel. It threatens the plant's physiological functions ultimately leading to death if left unchecked.
Learn More About the Wilting more
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects Sap-sucking insects Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Solutions: Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
Learn More About the Sap-sucking insects more
Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Solutions: Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Learn More About the Underwatering yellow more
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
Brown spot is a fungal disease impacting Japanese laurel. It is characterized by spots on the leaf surface that can result in severe defoliation. Wet environmental conditions and overcrowding often intensify the disease severity, endangering the plant's aesthetics and health.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms include the appearance of brown to black spots on leaf surfaces, often with a yellow halo. As the disease progresses, these spots coalesce and may cause severe defoliation. The infection generally starts on lower leaves and ascends.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Pathogen
The primary pathogen associated with brown spot is the fungus Alternaria panax.
2
Environmental factors
Warm temperatures and high humidity levels enhance the growth and spread of the fungus.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Regular removal of infected leaves and branches helps to hinder disease spread.

Improved Spacing: Ensuring adequate plant spacing improves air circulation, reducing humidity levels and disease incidence.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Copper-based fungicides can be effective when applied at disease onset and repeated periodically. Always follow product label instructions.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
Leaf rot is a pervasive disease affecting the health and aesthetics of Japanese laurel, leading to visible degradation and possible plant death. It's typically caused by different fungi and intensified by overwatering, poor drainage, or over-fertilizing.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Main symptoms include yellowing foliage, browning at leaf tips and edges, decayed roots, stunted growth, and wilting. Later stages may see the leaves drop, leading to overall plant decline.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Fungi
Phytophthora, Pythium, and Rhizoctonia are the prominent pathogens that cause leaf rot.
2
Overwatering and poor drainage
These create a conducive environment for the pathogens to thrive.
3
Over-fertilization
Excess nutrients can weaken Japanese laurel, making it more susceptible to leaf rot.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Drainage improvement: Maintain well-drained soil to prevent waterlogging.

Hygiene: Regularly clean up fallen leaves and prune diseased portions of the plant to limit the spread of the pathogen.

Nutrition: Avoid over-fertilization and maintain balanced nutrient levels.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use copper-based fungicides or a broad-spectrum fungicide for control.

Systemic fungicide: If possible, use this to enable the pesticide to spread through the entire plant.
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Black blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
Black spot is a fungal disease affecting Japanese laurel, causing dark, black spots on the leaves. It reduces the plant's growth and vigor, potentially leading to defoliation if not treated timely.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Key symptoms in Japanese laurel include dark, circular spots on leaf surfaces, yellowing of leaves surrounding the spots, leaf drop, and in severe cases, defoliation of the entire plant.
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Fungus
The disease is caused primarily by a fungus called Diplocarpon rosae. It infects when weather conditions are humid, with cool nights and warm days.
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Black blotch Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Regularly prune the plant to increase air circulation. It helps in reducing humidity which the fungus relies on.

Cleaning: Collect and dispose the fallen leaves to prevent fungal spores from spreading.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Apply a suitable fungicide, such as mancozeb or chlorothalonil, on the plant, focusing on the undersides of leaves where spores often reside.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
What is Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
Wilting is a consequential plant disease caused by multiple factors like inadequate watering or pathogen attack, which often leads to the complete discoloration and malformation of Japanese laurel. It threatens the plant's physiological functions ultimately leading to death if left unchecked.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In Japanese laurel plants affected by wilting, leaves are the first to exhibit symptoms. They turn yellow, appear droopy, and eventually wilt. As the disease progresses, stems may dry out and the whole plant shows signs of stress.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Water deficiency
Inadequate or inconsistent watering can lead to wilting as Japanese laurel requires consistent moisture.
2
Fungal infection
Pathogens such as Verticillium and Fusarium can invade Japanese laurel's vascular system, obstructing water movement and causing wilting.
3
Bacterial wilt
Certain pathogenic bacteria can block water transport, causing wilting.
4
Environmental stress
Extreme temperatures, poor soil conditions, or transplant shock can also contribute to wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Japanese laurel?
1
Non pesticide
Rehydration: Regular, consistent watering can help alleviate wilting, especially if it's a result of water deficiency.

Transplant: If wilt is caused by poor soil conditions, transplanting the Japanese laurel plant to a healthier location may help.

Pruning: Removing affected parts can slow down disease progression and protect the rest of the plant.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: If wilting is due to a fungal infection, applying a suitable fungicide can help control the spread.

Bactericide: In the case of bacterial wilt, application of a bactericide may help restrict further development of the disease.
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Sap-sucking insects
plant poor
Sap-sucking insects
Sap-sucking insects can create dense clusters of small yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant has developed tiny yellowish spots scattered across the leaves that look like mold or mildew. If these marks won't wipe off, they are likely caused by sap-sucking insects like aphids, squash bugs, scale bugs, leafhoppers, whiteflies, mites, mealybugs, and more.
Each of these pests uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. uses mouthparts to pierce leaf tissues and suck the sap. Signs of damage are difficult to spot at first, but a large infestation can quickly compromise the whole plant. You're most likely to see sap-sucking insects during the hottest months because plants make easier targets when already weakened from heat or drought.
Though sap-sucking insects are unlikely to kill your plant on their own, they can severely weaken it and make it more susceptible to disease. They may also spread viruses from one plant to another as they feed.
Solutions
Solutions
Sap-sucking insects can be hard to spot, as they are often small and attach to the undersides of plant leaves. If you see signs of an infestation, follow these steps to eradicate it.
  1. Hand-pick bugs and remove eggs: Inspect your plants for insects and drop any you find in a container of soapy water. Look carefully at the undersides of plant leaves and squish any egg clusters you find.
  2. Use Insecticide: Targeted spraying can take out sap-sucking insects. Small infestations can be controlled with insecticidal soap, though larger outbreaks might require a stronger spray.
  3. Introduce natural predators: Many insects, including ladybugs and praying mantises, love to feast on sap-suckers. You can purchase them at garden stores and release them near infected plants, or encourage wild ones by creating habitat space.
Prevention
Prevention
Healthy plants are less likely to suffer from sap-sucker attacks. Keep them fortified with fertilizer and the right amounts of water and sunlight. Plants that receive excess nitrogen are also more susceptible to attack, so don’t overfertilize. You should also remove weeds and tall grasses surrounding your outdoor plants so as not to create habitat space for the pests.
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Underwatering yellow
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Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant’s leaves are turning yellow due to underwatering, the oldest leaves turn yellow first. Leaves yellow from the edges towards the middle. Other signs of underwatering include the soil feeling very dry or pulling away from the edge of its pot.
Solutions
Solutions
Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly.
  1. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot.
  2. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. When you get a new plant, research its specific watering needs. Set reminders so that you remember to water your plants consistently. Not all plants are the same, so make sure to differentiate all of your plants in your watering schedule.
  2. You may wish to purchase a commercial soil water meter which has a long probe that you place near your plant’s roots. Be sure to check it frequently and water your plant when the soil water meter indicates that it needs watering.
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toxic

Japanese laurel and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Japanese laurel is categorized as a toxic plant that can harm humans if it's ingested. The effects of ingestion are usually mild. The berry-like fruits and leaves contain glycosides that pose a danger to humans who eat these plant parts. Symptoms include slight fever, vomiting, and nausea. Some people ingest this plant as an emergency food in survival situations, and thus may accidentally eat the seeds and experience these negative, toxic reactions. Others may mistake the berries for an edible variety and mistakenly consume the toxic fruits.
More Info About Toxicity
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Japanese laurel

Habitat of Japanese laurel

Woods, Rich forest soils, Moist valleys, Dense forests, Thickets, Streams
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Japanese laurel

Japanese laurel is native only to Japan, and Korea, where it grows along streams and in moist woodland areas and thickets. It has been introduced sporadically in Europe, East Asia, and the US as a garden plant. It is considered invasive in Virginia.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Japanese Laurel Watering Instructions
Japanese laurel hails from regions in Japan and China. It is native to various types of forests, including montane and lowland forests. In its natural habitat, japanese laurel is accustomed to moderate to high levels of rainfall, as well as high humidity. Therefore, it prefers soil that is consistently moist. Watering japanese laurel regularly is crucial to mimic its native environment, ensuring the soil remains moist but not waterlogged.
When Should I Water My Japanese Laurel?
Introduction
Timely and appropriate watering is crucial for the overall health and growth of japanese laurel. The moisture level in the soil and the physical state of the plant provide valuable information about when to water japanese laurel. Understanding and responding to these signs ensures that japanese laurel stays healthy and thrives.
Soil Dryness
One of the most obvious signs that japanese laurel needs watering is when the top layer of soil appears dry and crumbly. Insert your finger about an inch into the soil; if it's dry at that depth, japanese laurel needs water. Avoid watering when the soil is still moist as it may lead to root rot.
Leaf Drooping
Drooping or wilting leaves are an indication that japanese laurel is not getting enough water. The leaves of japanese laurel naturally point upward, so if they start to wilt or hang down, it's likely time to water the plant. However, ensure not to confuse this with natural wilting in direct sunlight; move japanese laurel to a shady spot and observe for changes.
Leaf Color
Color changes are another critical indicator of dehydration in japanese laurel. The leaves should be a glossy, green color. If the leaves start turning yellow or gold, it shows japanese laurel needs watering. However, if the leaves show dark or black blotches, it could signal overwatering.
Slow Growth or Dropped Leaves
If you notice that japanese laurel is not growing as quickly as usual or is dropping leaves, it might not be receiving enough water. On the other hand, excessive watering can result in the same symptoms.
Risk and Consequences
Watering japanese laurel too early or too late can have negative impacts on its health. Underwatering can impede growth and eventually kills the plant if prolonged. Overwatering, on the other hand, can lead to root rot, a fungal condition that can ultimately result in the death of japanese laurel. It's therefore vital to understand the balance and respond to the plant's indicators for the optimal watering timing. Ignoring these signs can result in a stressed, unhealthy plant, and ultimately its demise.
How Should I Water My Japanese Laurel?
Plant Specific Watering Needs
Japanese laurel prefers to be kept consistently moist but not overly watered. It can be sensitive to both underwatering and overwatering, which makes even watering crucial for this plant's health.
Watering Technique
For japanese laurel, use a watering can with a long, thin spout to reach the base of the plant without wetting the leaves. Apply water evenly around the base, ensuring it reaches the complete spread of the root zone. Avoid getting water on the foliage as it can lead to fungal diseases.
Special Equipment
Japanese laurel benefits from a moisture meter to accurately measure the moisture in the soil, so it isn't left too dry or overly moist. A watering can with a small, precise spout can also be instrumental to direct water to the base, bypassing the foliage.
Focus During Watering
When watering japanese laurel, focus should be on the root zone. Always ensure the water is slowly and evenly applied to this area. Overwatering must be avoided as it may cause the roots to rot. The leaves of japanese laurel should not get wet, as it can invite fungal diseases.
Avoidance During Watering
Avoid watering japanese laurel too quickly, as this can cause the water to run off before it has a chance to soak into the soil. It can also lead to uneven watering, with some parts of the root zone receiving too much water and others not enough. Also avoid splashing water on the leaves when watering.
How Much Water Does Japanese Laurel Really Need?
Introduction
Japanese laurel is a species of plant native to East Asia, specifically Japan. It typically grows in shaded locations such as the understory of forests. Understanding its natural habitat can help determine its hydration needs.
Optimal Watering Quantity
Japanese laurel prefers consistently moist soil but does not tolerate waterlogged conditions. The amount of water needed depends on factors such as pot size, root depth, and plant size. For japanese laurel in a small pot, a watering volume of around 250-500 milliliters per session may be sufficient. In larger pots or for mature japanese laurel plants with extensive root systems, the watering volume may need to be increased to around 1-2 liters per session.
Signs of Proper Hydration
Properly hydrated japanese laurel will have glossy, dark green leaves and the stems will be firm and upright. If the plant is receiving the right amount of water, it will thrive and potentially produce clusters of small purple flowers. Signs of overwatering include yellowing or wilting leaves, while signs of underwatering include dry, brown or crispy leaves.
Risks of Improper Watering
Overwatering japanese laurel can lead to root rot and fungal diseases, which can ultimately cause the plant to decline or die. Underwatering, on the other hand, can cause stress to the plant and result in wilting, stunted growth, and leaf drop.
Additional Advice
It's important to ensure proper drainage for japanese laurel to prevent waterlogging. Using a well-draining potting mix and pots with drainage holes can help. Observe the plant and adjust watering accordingly, allowing the top inch of soil to dry between watering sessions. During winter months, when growth slows, reduce watering frequency. Pay attention to environmental factors such as temperature and humidity, as they can influence the plant's water requirements.
How Often Should I Water Japanese Laurel?
Every 1-2 weeks
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Japanese Laurel?
Type of Water Preferred by japanese laurel
Rainwater is ideal for japanese laurel. However, filtered and dechlorinated tap water can also be used as substitutes, if necessary.
Effects of Different Water Types on japanese laurel
Japanese laurel is not overly sensitive to the origin of the water used for irrigation, but it does prefer natural rainwater due to its pH and mineral content. Tap water is typically alkaline and may cause slower growth and yellowing of leaves if used consistently over time.
Potential Water Contaminants and japanese laurel's Sensitivity
Japanese laurel can tolerate small amounts of chlorine or fluoride found in tap water, but these elements might cause issues in larger amounts. Brown tips on the leaves may be a sign of fluoride toxicity. Minerals in hard water can also have negative effects on japanese laurel, resulting in weaker plant growth and potentially, leaf chlorosis (yellowing).
Water Treatments for japanese laurel
If tap water is being used for japanese laurel, it is beneficial to let the water sit out for 24 hours before using it. This will allow the chlorine to evaporate, reducing the risks associated with its toxicity. Filtering tap water can also help reduce fluoride levels, further promoting japanese laurel's health.
Water Temperature Preferences for japanese laurel
Japanese laurel prefers water at room temperature, as cold water can shock the plant's roots leading to stress, while hot water can cause root damage.
Overall Water Recommendations for japanese laurel
For optimal health and growth of japanese laurel, use rainwater where possible. If using tap water, let it sit for 24 hours to dechlorinate and consider filtering it to remove excess fluoride. Always use room-temperature water for irrigation, ensuring the plant is hydrated but not waterlogged.
How Do Japanese Laurel's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water japanese laurel in Spring?
During spring, the gradual warming of the climate revives japanese laurel from its winter dormancy initiating active growth. As growth resumes, the plant may require more water than it did during winter to support new growth. The plant prefers consistently moist, but well-drained soil. Make sure to check the soil before watering, allowing the top inch to dry out between watering sessions. Overwatering at this stage can lead to root rot and other diseases.
How to Water japanese laurel in Summer?
In the hot summer, japanese laurel requires constant attention to ensure the soil remains consistently moist due to increased evaporation rates. Nonetheless, being a shade-loving plant, it's more prone to overwatering than dehydration. A good approach is to water deeply and less frequently, encouraging the roots to grow deeper and find moisture in the soil. Avoid watering in the afternoon when evaporation is highest and the plant is at peak photosynthesis.
How to Water japanese laurel in Autumn?
With the arrival of the cooler and sometimes rainy autumn weather, japanese laurel's water requirements start to decrease. Reduce watering frequency as the plant begins preparing for dormancy. The key is to keep the soil barely moist to prevent water-logged conditions. Additionally, morning watering could be ideal as it gives the plant sufficient time to dry before the colder night temperature.
How to Water japanese laurel in Winter?
Winter is japanese laurel's dormancy phase with minimal to no growth; thus, it requires the least amount of water. While it's key to avoid letting the plant dry out completely, exercise caution not to create soggy conditions as it can lead to root damage. Before watering, make sure the top layer of the soil is dry. Indoor japanese laurel plants may require more frequent watering due to indoor heating systems drying out the air.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Japanese Laurel Watering Routine?
Assessing Soil Moisture
To accurately assess the moisture level of the soil, insert your finger or a moisture meter about 2-3 inches into the soil. If it feels slightly dry at that depth, it's time to water. Aucuba japonica prefers its soil to be consistently moist but not waterlogged.
Avoid Watering from Above
Avoid watering Aucuba japonica from above as it can lead to fungal diseases. Instead, water at the base of the plant, directing the water directly to the roots. This will help prevent water from sitting on the leaves and causing damage.
Watering Frequency
The watering frequency for Aucuba japonica depends on various factors such as the climate, pot size, and soil drainage. In general, water the plant deeply once every 1-2 weeks, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Adjust the frequency based on the plant's needs and environmental conditions.
Preventing Over-Watering
Over-watering is a common mistake with Aucuba japonica. To avoid this, ensure that the plant is planted in well-draining soil and that the pot or planting area has adequate drainage holes. Excess water should be able to freely flow out. Additionally, avoid keeping the plant in a saucer filled with water as this can lead to root rot.
Signs of Thirst
Aucuba japonica will show signs of thirst when the leaves start to droop or wilt. However, it's important to note that wilted leaves can also indicate over-watering. To correctly determine if the plant needs water, check the soil moisture level as mentioned earlier.
Adapting to Heatwaves
During heatwaves or hot summer months, Aucuba japonica may require more frequent watering to prevent moisture stress. Monitor the soil moisture closely and water when the top inch of soil is dry. Consider providing some shade or mulching around the plant to reduce evaporation and retain moisture.
Adjusting for Extended Rain
During periods of extended rain or high humidity, it's crucial to be mindful of over-watering. Check the soil moisture frequently and only water if it becomes excessively saturated. Consider covering the plant or moving it to a sheltered location to protect it from excessive moisture.
Watering Stressed Plants
If Aucuba japonica is experiencing stress, such as after transplanting or during extreme weather conditions, it may need extra care. Monitor the soil moisture closely, and if the plant is wilted, give it a deep watering and provide shade or shelter from harsh sunlight until it recovers.
Use a Saucer or Tray
To help maintain consistent moisture levels and prevent water wastage, place a saucer or tray underneath the plant's pot. This can catch excess water and allow the roots to soak it up gradually. Empty any standing water from the saucer after a few hours to avoid waterlogged roots.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Japanese Laurel?
Overview of Hydroponics
Japanese laurel is a plant that can be grown hydroponically, which is a method of growing plants without soil. Instead, plants are grown in a water-based nutrient solution.
Best Suited Hydroponic System
For japanese laurel, a deep water culture system is best suited. In this system, the plant's roots are continuously submerged in the nutrient solution, providing ample water and nutrients.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
Japanese laurel prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth. The nutrient solution should be changed every two weeks to prevent nutrient imbalances.
Challenges and Common Issues
When growing japanese laurel hydroponically, it is important to prevent root rot by ensuring good oxygenation and avoiding overwatering. Nutrient imbalances can also occur, so regular monitoring of the solution is essential. Furthermore, japanese laurel requires adequate light for photosynthesis, so appropriate lighting should be provided.
Monitoring Plant Health
Monitor japanese laurel's health in a hydroponic setup by observing its leaves and roots. Yellowing or wilting leaves may indicate nutrient deficiencies or imbalances. Additionally, inspect the roots for any signs of rot or discoloration.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
Adjust the hydroponic environment based on japanese laurel's growth stages. Increase the nutrient solution concentration during the plant's vegetative stage and reduce it slightly during the flowering stage. Provide sufficient lighting for at least 14-16 hours per day.
Key Takeaways
{'Hydroponic System': 'Deep water culture', 'Nutrient Solution pH': '5.8-6.2', 'Frequency of Nutrient Change': 'Every two weeks', 'Challenges': 'Root rot, nutrient imbalances, light requirements', 'Monitoring Plant Health': 'Yellowing or wilting leaves, root discoloration', 'Adjusting Hydroponic Environment': 'Increase nutrient concentration during vegetative stage, provide sufficient lighting'}
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Japanese laurel is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, root rot, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Leaf drop
When plants are overwatered, they may shed their leaves as a response to stress, even if the leaves appear green and healthy.
Mold and mildew
Overwatered plants create a damp environment that can encourage the growth of mold and mildew on soil.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
Japanese laurel is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dry stems
Due to insufficient water, plant stems may become dry or brittle, making the branches easy to break.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Japanese Laurel
Why are the leaves of my japanese laurel turning yellow?
Yellowing leaves for japanese laurel are often due to overwatering. This plant prefers soil that is well-draining and slightly on the dry side. Adjust your watering schedule to only water when the top one inch of soil has dried out. In extreme cases, you may also consider repotting the plant in fresh soil.
The leaves of my japanese laurel are becoming dry and crispy, what do I do?
Dry and crispy leaves are usually a sign of underwatering or low humidity. Japanese laurel prefers humid environments. Make sure to water the soil deeply every time you water and consider placing a tray filled with water underneath the pot to increase humidity. Don't let the plant sit in standing water though, as this can lead to root rot.
Why does my japanese laurel have brown tips on the leaves?
Brown tips may be a symptom of excessive fertilizer in combination with underwatering. Japanese laurel is sensitive to over-fertilization which can build up salts in the soil, causing leaf tip burn. Reduce your fertilizer usage and ensure the plant is receiving adequate water.
Why is my japanese laurel losing its vibrant leaf color and becoming dull?
If your japanese laurel is losing its vibrant leaf color, it might be due to either over or underwatering. Both these extremes can stress the plant causing color fade. You need to maintain a good balance of watering, ensuring the soil is moist but well drained.
The leaves of my japanese laurel are wilting even though I'm watering it regularly, why is that happening?
Wilting, despite regular watering, can be a sign of overwatering and root rot. Japanese laurel needs soil that is well-drained. Make sure the plant's pot has adequate drainage holes and reduce your watering frequency.
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Lighting
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Indoor
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Requirements
Full shade
Ideal
Less than 3 hours of sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Japanese laurel thrives under the canopy of taller trees, sheltered from intense sunlight rays. It prospers most in areas mimicking its native environment where sunlight is diffused. Restrained sun exposure enhances its vigor, while excess sun could lead to burn signs.
Preferred
Tolerable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Japanese laurel thrives in shaded environments and can tolerate low-light conditions. As a result, symptoms of light deficiency may not be easily noticeable, making it crucial to provide adequate light for optimal growth.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your japanese laurel may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Japanese laurel enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. Move your plants to the best spot for sunlight until they can receive ample filtered light, including brief periods of direct morning sunlight. Ideally, place them 1-2 meters away from a window.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Japanese laurel prefers shade and is sensitive to direct sunlight. Due to this sensitivity, they are prone to developing sunburn symptoms, which easily occur when exposed to direct sunlight.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive ample filtered light without direct sunlight. Find a spot with abundant filtered light that doesn't expose the plant to direct rays.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Japanese laurel prefers moderate temperatures ranging from 15 to 38 ℃ (59 to 100.4 ℉). In its native growth environment, it requires mild temperatures in winter as it cannot tolerate frost. During summer, it is best to provide it with partial shade to prevent sunscald. In fall, you can reduce watering to stimulate dormancy.
Regional wintering strategies
Japanese laurel has some cold tolerance and generally does not require any additional measures when the temperature is above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. However, if the temperature is expected to drop below {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}, it is necessary to take some temporary measures for cold protection, such as wrapping the plant with plastic film, fabric, or other materials. Once the temperature rises again, the protective measures should be removed promptly.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Japanese laurel has moderate tolerance to low temperatures and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may start to droop. In mild cases, they can recover, but in severe cases, the leaves will wilt and eventually fall off.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Prior to encountering low temperatures again, wrap the plant with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth, and construct a wind barrier to protect it from the cold wind.
High Temperature
During summer, Japanese laurel should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, the leaf tips may become dry and withered, the leaves may curl, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Japanese Laurel?
For japanese laurel, the perfect time to transplant is the awakening months of early spring, when new roots can establish quickly. Choose a partially shaded location where it will thrive. Remember to maintain moisture during the initial phase for optimal growth!
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Japanese Laurel?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Japanese Laurel?
The choicest season to relocate your japanese laurel is indeed the advent of spring. This period offers mild weather conditions that japanese laurel thrives in, reducing transplant shock. Transplanting during early spring lets japanese laurel establish roots before summer heat waves, significantly increasing its survival rate. By doing so, you ensure a more robust growth and greater resilience in japanese laurel.
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Japanese Laurel Plants?
When transplanting japanese laurel, make sure to allow adequate room to grow. Space each plant about 6-10 feet (1.8-3 meters) apart to provide plenty of air circulation and room to spread.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Japanese Laurel Transplanting?
For japanese laurel, well-drained and fertile soil is best. Consider adding organic material like compost and aged manure to create a healthy and nutrient-rich growing environment. Mix in a base fertilizer to support the plant's growth.
Where Should You Relocate Your Japanese Laurel?
Choose a location that receives partial sunlight or dappled shade for your japanese laurel plant. Avoid areas with full sun exposure as it may cause the leaves to scorch. Happy planting!
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Japanese Laurel?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and japanese laurel.
Shovel or Garden Spade
To dig out the japanese laurel from its original location without damaging the roots.
Wheelbarrow or Garden Cart
To transport the japanese laurel from the original location to the new site easily without causing stress to the plant.
Watering Can or Hose
To water the plant before and after transplanting to aid in root establishment.
Mulch
To apply around the base of the plant after transplanting to conserve moisture and prevent weed growth.
How Do You Remove Japanese Laurel from the Soil?
From Ground: Water the japanese laurel plant to dampen the soil. This will make extraction easier and reduce the stress on the plant. Then, using a shovel or spade, dig a wide trench around the plant, being careful not to damage the root ball. Carefully work the spade under the root ball and lift the plant from its original location.
From Pot: Water the potted japanese laurel to moisten the soil. Invert the pot gently while supporting the japanese laurel to carefully remove it. If the plant sticks, you may need to tap the bottom of the pot or gently run a trowel around the inside edge of the pot.
From Seedling Tray: Wet the soil of the seedling japanese laurel beforehand to ensure effortless removal. Hold the base of the plant and gently lift it out of the tray.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Japanese Laurel
Step1 Preparation
Dig a hole in the new location that is twice the width and the same depth as the root ball of the japanese laurel. Keep the removed soil nearby.
Step2 Placement
Place the japanese laurel in the center of the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the surface of the ground. Adjust the soil beneath the root ball to achieve this if necessary.
Step3 Backfilling
Backfill the hole with the removed soil, pressing down lightly to remove any air pockets. Ensure the japanese laurel is stable in the ground.
Step4 Watering
Thoroughly water the japanese laurel after transplanting. This helps to settle the soil around the roots.
Step5 Mulching
Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the japanese laurel but avoid touching the stem with the mulch to prevent rot.
How Do You Care For Japanese Laurel After Transplanting?
Pruning
It's advisable to prune japanese laurel immediately after transplanting to reduce water loss. However, avoid aggressive pruning as it could generate additional stress.
Watering
Consistently keep the soil around japanese laurel moist for several weeks after transplanting to establish strong roots, but don't over-water as japanese laurel doesn't like overly wet conditions. Adjust your watering schedule based on the weather, watering less frequently in wet conditions.
Inspection
Regularly inspect japanese laurel for signs of stress, such as wilting, yellowing, or loss of leaves. If you spot these signs, adjust its environment or care accordingly.
Adaption Time
Remember, japanese laurel takes time to adapt to its new location. Be patient, keep caring for it, and expect to see new growth in the coming season.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Japanese Laurel Transplantation.
When is the best time to transplant japanese laurel?
Early spring, when the plant begins to break dormancy, is the perfect time to transplant japanese laurel. It allows the plant to establish in the new location before the hot summer arrives.
What should be the ideal distance between the japanese laurel plants while transplanting?
Allocate a spacing of 6-10 feet (about 1.8-3 meters) between each japanese laurel to ensure they have ample room to grow and spread out.
How deep should I dig a hole for transplanting japanese laurel?
The hole should be twice as wide and equal in depth to the root ball of the japanese laurel. Always ensure the top of the root ball is at ground level.
Why is my transplanted japanese laurel wilting or turning yellow?
Japanese laurel may wilt or turn yellow due to overwatering or poor drainage. Ensure the soil is well-draining and you're not watering the plant excessively.
Can japanese laurel be transplanted in a pot and what's the ideal size?
Yes, japanese laurel can be transplanted in a pot. The container should be wide and deep enough to comfortably house the root system, typically around 10-12 inches (25-30 cm) in diameter.
What type of soil is suitable for japanese laurel while transplanting?
Japanese laurel prefers well-drained, loamy, and humus-rich soil. But it can tolerate a range of soil types, including clay and sandy soil, as long as they are well-draining.
How often should I water the japanese laurel after transplanting?
Water japanese laurel thoroughly after transplanting and then regularly while they establish. Once established, reduce watering unless during prolonged dry spells. Avoid waterlogged conditions.
Should I add fertilizer when transplanting japanese laurel?
It's not usually necessary to add fertilizer at planting time. However, a slow-release, balanced fertilizer can be applied in the spring once the japanese laurel begins new growth.
Why are the leaves of my transplanted japanese laurel dropping?
Leaf drop could be a symptom of shock due to transplanting. Ensure less disturbance to roots while moving and provide good care including sufficient watering without overdoing it.
How to handle japanese laurel during transplanting to prevent damage?
Carefully lift japanese laurel from the base, avoiding pulling from the top. Keep as much of the root ball intact as possible. Be gentle to ensure minimal damage to the plant.
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Toxic
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Summarization
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Human
Fruits
Leaves
Toxic parts
Swallowed
Effect methods
Is Japanese Laurel toxic to human?
Japanese laurel is categorized as a toxic plant that can harm humans if it's ingested. The effects of ingestion are usually mild. The berry-like fruits and leaves contain glycosides that pose a danger to humans who eat these plant parts. Symptoms include slight fever, vomiting, and nausea. Some people ingest this plant as an emergency food in survival situations, and thus may accidentally eat the seeds and experience these negative, toxic reactions. Others may mistake the berries for an edible variety and mistakenly consume the toxic fruits.
How to identify Japanese Laurel
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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