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Zanzibar gem play
Zanzibar gem
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Zanzibar gem
Zanzibar gem
Zanzibar gem
Zanzibar gem
Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Also known as : Aroid palm, Emerald palm
The zanzibar gem is a flowering green plant native to eastern Africa. It also gets the name emerald palm because of its bright, glossy color. Today, the zanzibar gem (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) is grown around the world as a houseplant, in part because it is easy to grow and care for. Though this plant is mildly toxic if ingested, its danger level is often overstated.
Water
Water
Every 3 weeks
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Sunlight
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Toxic to Humans
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care guide

Care Guide for Zanzibar gem

Watering Care
Watering Care
The zanzibar gem should be allowed to dry out completely in between watering and should never sit in stagnant water; this plant will rot if its roots are allowed to sit in water after watering. This species can be watered once or twice during the dormant winter season and more frequently during the active growing season.
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
The zanzibar gem will grow best if it is fertilized once a month with a well-balanced commercial houseplant fertilizer with a 20-20-20 formulation. A diluted liquid fertilizer works best for this species. This plant will grow faster with fertilizer, but it does not need to be fertilized to grow efficiently.
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the diseased, withered leaves once a month.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Chalky, Clay, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Repotting
Repotting
Change pots and soil depending on growth situation. If water is found accumulated in the pot, change pots and soil immediately.
Details on Repotting Repotting
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Zanzibar gem
Water
Water
Every 3 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Partial sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 12
Planting Time
Planting Time
All year around
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Questions About Zanzibar gem

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Zanzibar gem?
The best way to water your Zanzibar gem is to water the soil directly with rainwater or distilled water rather than tap water. Tap water often contains particles that can harm this species. While other plant species may respond well to overhead watering, this is not the case for the Zanzibar gem. In fact, overhead watering can be quite detrimental to this plant as it drastically increases the odds that a moisture-related disease, such as rot, will arise. To avoid this complication, use a watering can, a cup, or a garden hose to pour water directly onto the soil. Continue applying water slowly until the entire soil area has become moist. Once the soil is entirely moist, you should stop watering right away, as watering this plant too much is one of the main ways to cause its decline.
If there is a tray, then you can water from the bottom by adding some water to the bottom of the tray. Usually after 30 minutes - 1 hour, the soil will gradually absorb the water and become moist. When the surface of the soil is found to be moist, it indicates that the soil is completely moist and the watering is finished. After that, pour off the excess water from the tray to avoid overwatering.
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What should I do if I water my Zanzibar gem too much or too little?
Resolving the issue of underwatering your Zanzibar gem is somewhat straightforward. Typically, all you will need to do is begin giving this plant water on a more regular basis, along with pruning any leaves or stems that have died because of a lack of water. After a while, you’re Zanzibar gem should return to full health. Fixing overwatering can be a bit more difficult. Your first step should be to reduce your watering schedule. Meanwhile, make sure that the place where you grow your Zanzibar gem has good ventilation and proper light conditions. You should also check your soil’s drainage and correct it as needed to ensure that excess water does not have the chance to collect near your plant’s roots. When overwatering leads to disease, you’ll also need to treat that disease. Often, this means removing the parts of the plant that have been affected by the disease. Overwatering will make the plant die gradually, so please be very cautious when watering your Zanzibar gem.
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How often should I water my Zanzibar gem?
There are two main ways to decide when to water your Zanzibar gem.
The first way is to monitor the moisture of the soil. Observe the soil around your Zanzibar gem and wait until the surface has become completely dry. Once that has occurred, it is permissible to add water to this plant.
The second way is to set a regular watering schedule for your Zanzibar gem. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every two weeks. The frequency may change depending on the growth stage of your plant, the weather and the location. It's suggested testing the moisture of the soil every time before watering rather than simply following the schedule.
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How much water does my Zanzibar gem need?
Provide enough water to soak the soil entirely each time you water Zanzibar gem.
Potted Zanzibar gem is relatively easy to judge when you have given enough water, all you need to do is water until you see excess water draining from the bottom of the container.
Providing enough water for Zanzibar gem growing in the ground is a bit more difficult to judge. In those cases, just make sure to soak the soil thoroughly during each watering before allowing it to dry completely once again. In some circumstances, rainfall is enough for your Zanzibar gem to stay healthy and you don't need to water it over a long period of time.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Zanzibar gem enough?
As is true with nearly any plant, it’s possible to overwater and underwater your Zanzibar gem. As such, you should know the signs of overwatering and underwatering in advance to make sure that you can correct your watering practices before it is too late. Of the two issues, overwatering is a more prevalent concern and is more likely to be a problem for the Zanzibar gem. Overwatering will likely result in discoloration and deformation in the leaves and stems of this plant. It may also lead to moisture-related diseases such as root rot or black spots. By contrast, an underwatered Zanzibar gem may not contract a disease. Instead, it’s more likely to have dry, drooping leaves or brown leaf margins. Underwatered Zanzibar gem may also drop many of their leaves to the ground.
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How should I water my Zanzibar gem through the seasons?
The frequency of your watering for the Zanzibar gem should change depending on the season. For example, your Zanzibar gem will likely have higher water needs during the hotter summer months than it will during the cold winter months. As mentioned, you should water your Zanzibar gem about once every two weeks, or when the soil has become completely dry, during most of the growing season. When winter arrives, your Zanzibar gem will need much less water. Often, it will survive the winter with just one watering every month. Giving too much water during winter is another way to increase the odds that your Zanzibar gem will contract a disease.
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How should I water my Zanzibar gem at different growth stages?
For most of one Zanzibar gem’s life, its water needs will remain the same. However, there are some differences in how you should water this plant while it is very young. If you have a very young plant that has yet to establish itself, or you are growing this plant from a seed that you wish to germinate, you’ll need to give more water than usual. During establishment, most plants need additional moisture to help their roots establish themselves. For a very young Zanzibar gem, you can water it more frequently. Once the plant has become established, you can use the regular watering frequency of about once every two weeks during the growing season.
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What's the difference between watering Zanzibar gem indoors and outdoors?
Your watering habits for the Zanzibar gem should take into account whether or not your plant grows indoors or outdoors. In some instances, Zanzibar gem that grows outdoors may not need any supplemental water at all, as it will be able to survive on rainwater alone. However, during long periods of no rain, it’s sensible to water an outdoor Zanzibar gem about once per month. Zanzibar gem that grow indoors won’t have access to naturally falling rainwater and will instead rely entirely on your watering practices. In those instances, you should follow the regular watering guidelines for this plant, which include watering about once every two weeks during the growing season and about once per month in winter. If you want to know better about watering your Zanzibar gem, please try our app.
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Key Facts About Zanzibar gem

Attributes of Zanzibar gem

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
All year around
Bloom Time
Summer
Plant Height
30 cm to 60 cm
Spread
61 cm to 1.2 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
5 cm to 7 cm
Flower Color
White
Green
Cream
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Non-dormant
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Rate
Slow

Name story

Zz plant
The first time you see the name Zz plant, you would be curious that how is it possible for the plant to have such an unknown name. In fact, the name is actually inspired by its latin name, Zamioculcas Zamiifolia. As the latin name is really awkward to pronounce, the plant is then simply called Zz plant.

Symbolism

Attracting wealth, resiliency, grounding, longevity

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
It can purify air and absorb dioxide and formaldehyde.
Garden Use
Zanzibar gem is a herbaceous perennial commonly found in gardens within a warm climate. It is prized for its attractive pinnate, glossy leaves. Its ornamental foliage makes it suitable for borders and low hedging. Zanzibar gem is good for drought-tolerant gardens. Plant with Aglaonema or Peace Lilies for a similar niche.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

As a perennial evergreen herb, it is a rare foliage plant with underground tubers, native to tropical Africa. The oval leaflets on the compound leaves are thick in texture and dark green in color. In the sunlight, they appear to be coated with a sparkling glaze. Its appearance is clean and beautiful, it is easy to take care of, but is not easily harmed by pests, and it is tolerant of drought. It can live a week or two without any care, making it a great choice for inside the home. The green leaves help people to feel invigorated and refreshed.

Scientific Classification of Zanzibar gem

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Zanzibar gem

Common issues for Zanzibar gem based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that severely affects the Zanzibar gem plant, leading to severe foliage damage, slow growth, and potential plant death. It is caused by certain pathogens which thrive in overly moist conditions, presenting a significant risk if not properly managed.
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot disease, resulting in unsightly brownish patches on the foliage of Zanzibar gem, can severely compromise the plant’s aesthetic value. The condition is predominately caused by fungal infection and over-watering, with the most severe occurrences under humid conditions where the pathogen thrives.
Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a prevalent disease affecting Zanzibar gem, causing dehydration and weakening of the plant's tissues. This leads to drooping or bending of stems and leaves, impairing its overall health and aesthetic appeal. Appropriate treatment and prevention measures are needed to combat this problem.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Nutrient deficiencies
Nutrient deficiencies Nutrient deficiencies
Nutrient deficiencies
A lack of nutrients will cause a widespread yellowing of the leaves. The yellowing may begin at the base or top of the plant.
Solutions: There are several easy ways to remedy the nutrient deficiencies in soils. Use a water-soluble fertilizer. Fertilizers will include most or all of the macro and micro-nutrients the plants need to thrive. Adding some fertilizer to the soil will make those nutrients available and can combat deficiencies. Regularly apply organic fertilizer pellets. Organic fertilizers such as animal manures and bonemeal can supply plants with all the nutrients that they need to grow strong and healthy. Apply compost. Though not as finely tuned as artificial fertilizer, compost can nevertheless be rich in important nutrients and should be applied to the soil regularly. Apply nutrients via foliar application. In addition to supplementing the soil with nutrients, foliar fertilizer can be applied directly to the plant's leaves. Nutrients offered via foliar application are often taken up even quicker than those put in the soil, so the foliar application can be great for swiftly addressing specific deficiencies.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that severely affects the Zanzibar gem plant, leading to severe foliage damage, slow growth, and potential plant death. It is caused by certain pathogens which thrive in overly moist conditions, presenting a significant risk if not properly managed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Early symptoms include yellowing leaves, and brown, water-soaked spots on foliage leading to extensive leaf drop. Affected parts become soft and mushy, often giving off a foul smell. Advanced stages may witness plant wilting, stunted growth and root decay in Zanzibar gem.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Pathogens
The disease is primarily caused by a group of fungi mainly Phytophthora and Pythium. These fungi flourish in overly wet conditions.
2
Other factors
Over-watering, poor drainage and inadequate air circulation contribute to an environment conducive for these pathogens.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Non pesticide
Drainage improvement: Enhance soil drainage to prevent waterlogging.

Removal: Remove and properly dispose of infected leaves and affected parts to prevent further spread of the disease.

Proper spacing: Space plants adequately to improve air circulation.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use of fungicides such as captan or chlorothalonil can help control the spread and alleviate the symptoms of leaf rot.

Bio-fungicides: Bio-fungicides containing Bacillus subtilis or Trichoderma are effective in managing leaf rot.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
Brown spot disease, resulting in unsightly brownish patches on the foliage of Zanzibar gem, can severely compromise the plant’s aesthetic value. The condition is predominately caused by fungal infection and over-watering, with the most severe occurrences under humid conditions where the pathogen thrives.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Zanzibar gem afflicted with Brown spot disease will exhibit conspicuous brown patches on its foliage. These spots typically start small, and as the disease progresses, may enlarge and coalesce, often surrounded by a yellow halo.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Fungal pathogens
The primary cause of Brown spot in Zanzibar gem is a group of fungi typically from the Alternaria and Bipolaris genus.
2
Over-watering
Zanzibar gem can develop brown spots as a consequence of waterlogged roots and water-filled leaf axils, creating ideal conditions for fungus.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Non pesticide
Water reduction: Over-watering should be curbed, as waterlogged roots provide suitable conditions for fungi.

Air circulation: Increase air circulation around Zanzibar gem to lower humidity and facilitate drying.
2
Pesticide
Fungicidal sprays: Regular applications of suitable fungicides can help combat the fungal pathogens causing Brown spot.

Systemic fungicides: For severe cases, a systemic fungicide may be required.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What is Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
Wilting is a prevalent disease affecting Zanzibar gem, causing dehydration and weakening of the plant's tissues. This leads to drooping or bending of stems and leaves, impairing its overall health and aesthetic appeal. Appropriate treatment and prevention measures are needed to combat this problem.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Wilting primarily manifests in Zanzibar gem through limp, drooping leaves that may appear dry or brittle, despite watering. There can be yellowing and browning of leaves edges. The plant may also show stunted growth and reduced vigor.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Overwatering
A common reason for wilting is too much watering, which leads to root rot, affecting the Zanzibar gem's ability to absorb water.
2
Underwatering
Conversely, insufficient water also causes wilting as the plant becomes dehydrated.
3
Disease
Certain root diseases can cause wilting as they attack the roots, inhibiting water uptake.
4
Environmental stress
Excessive heat, inadequate light or drastic temperature changes can stress the plant leading to wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Non pesticide
Proper Watering: Ensuring that the Zanzibar gem is adequately but not over-watered, by checking the moisture level of the soil before watering again.

Adequate Sunlight: Providing the plant with the right amount of indirect sunlight, as excessive or insufficient light can cause stress leading to wilting.

Optimal Temperature: Keeping Zanzibar gem at a steady, moderate temperature.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Use: In case of a fungal disease causing wilting, applying an appropriate fungicide can help control the disease.

Insecticidal Soap: If pest infestation is causing wilting, treatment with a mild insecticidal soap can be effective.
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Brown spot
plant poor
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Nutrient deficiencies
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Nutrient deficiencies
A lack of nutrients will cause a widespread yellowing of the leaves. The yellowing may begin at the base or top of the plant.
Overview
Overview
Nutrient deficiencies can be seen in many different ways on plants. Basically, the lack of nutrients will inhibit plant growth, produce weak stems and leaves, and leave plants open to infection from pests and diseases. Plants use the nutrients from the soil to help them with photosynthesis. This, in turn, produces healthy plant growth. Plants that lack adequate amounts of nutrients will look lackluster and unhealthy. Eventually, if this is not addressed, it will cause the plants to die. The most important nutrients that plants need are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. Additionally, plants require small amounts of micronutrients such as iron, boron, manganese, zinc, copper, and molybdenum.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
A common sign that plants are experiencing nutrient deficiencies is the yellowing of leaves. This may be an overall yellowing or leaves that are yellow but still have green veins. These leaves will eventually brown off and die.
Another sign is the loss of plant vigor. The plants may not be growing as well as they should or their growth may be stunted.
Below are some common symptoms that appear when plants are lacking in nutrients.
Nitrogen (N): Inner, older leaves yellow first. If the deficiency is severe, yellowing progresses outward to newer growth.
Potassium (K): Leaf edges may turn brown and crinkly, with a yellowing layer forming just inside of the edge. Older leaves tend to be impacted first.
Phosphorus (P): Lack of vigorous growth. Plants will appear stunted.
Zinc (Zn): Yellowing tends to occur first at the base of the leaf.
Copper (Cu): Newer leaves begin to yellow first, with older leaves yellowing only if the deficiency becomes severe.
Boron (B): Newer leaves are impacted first. Foliage may also become particularly brittle in cases of boron deficiency.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are several factors that can lead to nutrient deficiencies, a situation where plants are not receiving the nutrients that they need. This could be because they are planted in nutrient-deficient soils, or that the soil's pH is too high or low. Incorrect soil pH can lock up certain nutrients, thus making them unavailable to plants. Lack of soil moisture can also be a problem, because plants need water to be able to absorb the nutrients from the soil.
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Aged yellow and dry
plant poor
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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toxic

Zanzibar gem and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Slightly Toxic to Humans
The zanzibar gem is a common houseplant that should be kept away from small children and anyone else who has to be watched to keep them out of danger. Its pretty, shiny leaves are full of calcium oxalate crystals. These are tiny, bladelike crystals that tear up the mouth, throat, and digestive tract as they are chewed and swallowed, causing swelling and severe irritation. Besides mouth and throat pain, calcium oxalate crystals cause major gastrointestinal problems, including stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Zanzibar gem

Habitat of Zanzibar gem

Dry grassland, Forest
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Zanzibar gem

Zanzibar gem is native to the southeastern coast of Africa, where its natural habitat includes dry grasslands and forests. It is widely cultivated in the US and Europe for use as an ornamental and houseplant.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Zanzibar Gem Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water
Every 3 weeks
Zanzibar gem hails from regions in Eastern Africa, specifically Zanzibar, and is commonly known as the Zanzibar gem. It thrives in tropical environments with high humidity levels and receives significant rainfall. These environmental factors indicate the plant's preference for regular watering to mimic its native habitat. It's crucial to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, allowing for proper drainage. Understanding the natural conditions will help ensure the zanzibar gem receives the appropriate amount of water for optimal growth.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Partial sun
Zanzibar gem thrives in areas with a fair amount of sunlight exposure, although it's quite tolerant of more shaded locations. Its habitat is typically regions with filtered light. Throughout its growth stages, constant yet sheltered sunlight is required. Excessive sun exposure could lead to leaf scorching while too little light may cause stunted growth.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
5 43 ℃
The zanzibar gem is native to hot tropical regions and can tolerate temperatures between 20 to 38℃ (68 to 100.4℉). During winter, it is recommended to keep the plant in a warmer spot with a temperature range of 18 to 24℃ (64.4 to 75.2℉) and avoid placing it near cold drafts.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
2-3 feet
For optimal results, transplant zanzibar gem during mid to late spring or mid to late fall. This ensures adequate root development in mild conditions. Position it in a well-draining location with bright indirect light. Careful handling of the roots when transplanting is crucial for a stress-free transition.
Transplant Techniques
Overwinter
20 ℃
Zanzibar gem thrives best in low-light, indoor environments, reminiscent of the plant's warm native climates of East Africa. As a drought-tolerant plant, zanzibar gem has evolved to endure long periods of dryness, impeccably adapting to winter. Over-winter care for zanzibar gem entails limited watering and maintaining a consistent room temperature, avoid exposing it to freezing conditions. It's a hardy, forgiving specimen that's winter-ready, catering to indoor plant enthusiasts.
Winter Techniques
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that severely affects the Zanzibar gem plant, leading to severe foliage damage, slow growth, and potential plant death. It is caused by certain pathogens which thrive in overly moist conditions, presenting a significant risk if not properly managed.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch
Brown spot disease, resulting in unsightly brownish patches on the foliage of Zanzibar gem, can severely compromise the plant’s aesthetic value. The condition is predominately caused by fungal infection and over-watering, with the most severe occurrences under humid conditions where the pathogen thrives.
Learn More About the Disease
Wilting
Wilting is a prevalent disease affecting Zanzibar gem, causing dehydration and weakening of the plant's tissues. This leads to drooping or bending of stems and leaves, impairing its overall health and aesthetic appeal. Appropriate treatment and prevention measures are needed to combat this problem.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Slightly Toxic to Humans
The zanzibar gem is a common houseplant that should be kept away from small children and anyone else who has to be watched to keep them out of danger. Its pretty, shiny leaves are full of calcium oxalate crystals. These are tiny, bladelike crystals that tear up the mouth, throat, and digestive tract as they are chewed and swallowed, causing swelling and severe irritation. Besides mouth and throat pain, calcium oxalate crystals cause major gastrointestinal problems, including stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
Southwest
The zanzibar gem can be a harmonious addition to spaces with a Southwest-facing direction. Its resilient nature and vibrant green leaves are believed to foster stability and growth, supporting the Earth element predominant in Southwest areas. However, due to Feng Shui's subjective nature, individual experiences may vary.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Zanzibar gem

Chinese aloe
Chinese aloe
Chinese aloe (Aloe vera var. chinensis) is an aloe species related to the well-known aloe vera plant. While some variants of aloe vera are edible, chinese aloe is not. This species is originally from South Africa, but is now cultivated around the world in gardens as an ornamental succulent.
Butterfly pea
Butterfly pea
Butterfly pea are revered as holy flowers in India and are utilized in everyday puja rituals. The flowers of this vine are shaped like human female genitals, hence the Latin name. This plant’s pods and leaves are eaten as vegetables, while the flowers are used as an organic food dye and in Ayurvedic medicine in Southeast Asia.
Four o'clock flower
Four o'clock flower
Four o'clock flower (Mirabilis jalapa), also known as the marvel of Peru, is a perennial, herbaceous, bushy plant with fragrant, showy flowers, commonly cultivated for ornamental purposes. During bloom time, its flowers are closed most of the day; they open between four and eight o'clock, hence the common name four o'clock flower.
Arrowleaf elephant's ear
Arrowleaf elephant's ear
Arrowleaf elephant's ear (*Xanthosoma sagittifolium*) is a herbaceous perennial that can grow from 3 to 3.5 m tall. It has large, blue-green, arrow-shaped leaves that resemble an elephant’s ear. The leaves can grow to 91 cm long, much larger than most elephant ear plants. It prefers partial to full shade.
Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) is a beautiful foliage plant, one of the most popular species of the Araceae family. Due to its air purifying qualities and good looks, arrowhead plant is often cultivated as a houseplant. Every part of this plant is toxic, so it's best to keep it away from kids and pets.
Jade plant
Jade plant
Looking like a miniature fairy tale tree, jade plant is one of the world's most popular succulents. Native to southern regions of Africa, Crassula ovata is well adapted to the dry warm air of modern homes. It grows slowly but lives for so long that plants get passed from generation to generation. It is toxic to dogs, cats, and horses, and even mildly toxic to humans.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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About
Care Guide
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More About How-Tos
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Zanzibar gem
Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Also known as: Aroid palm, Emerald palm
The zanzibar gem is a flowering green plant native to eastern Africa. It also gets the name emerald palm because of its bright, glossy color. Today, the zanzibar gem (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) is grown around the world as a houseplant, in part because it is easy to grow and care for. Though this plant is mildly toxic if ingested, its danger level is often overstated.
Water
Water
Every 3 weeks
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Sunlight
Sunlight
Partial sun
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Toxic to Humans
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question

Questions About Zanzibar gem

Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Zanzibar gem?
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What should I do if I water my Zanzibar gem too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Zanzibar gem?
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How much water does my Zanzibar gem need?
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Zanzibar gem enough?
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How should I water my Zanzibar gem through the seasons?
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How should I water my Zanzibar gem at different growth stages?
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What's the difference between watering Zanzibar gem indoors and outdoors?
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Key Facts About Zanzibar gem

Attributes of Zanzibar gem

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
All year around
Bloom Time
Summer
Plant Height
30 cm to 60 cm
Spread
61 cm to 1.2 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
5 cm to 7 cm
Flower Color
White
Green
Cream
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Non-dormant
Leaf type
Evergreen
Growth Rate
Slow
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Name story

Zz plant
The first time you see the name Zz plant, you would be curious that how is it possible for the plant to have such an unknown name. In fact, the name is actually inspired by its latin name, Zamioculcas Zamiifolia. As the latin name is really awkward to pronounce, the plant is then simply called Zz plant.

Symbolism

Attracting wealth, resiliency, grounding, longevity

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
It can purify air and absorb dioxide and formaldehyde.
Garden Use
Zanzibar gem is a herbaceous perennial commonly found in gardens within a warm climate. It is prized for its attractive pinnate, glossy leaves. Its ornamental foliage makes it suitable for borders and low hedging. Zanzibar gem is good for drought-tolerant gardens. Plant with Aglaonema or Peace Lilies for a similar niche.

Trivia and Interesting Facts

As a perennial evergreen herb, it is a rare foliage plant with underground tubers, native to tropical Africa. The oval leaflets on the compound leaves are thick in texture and dark green in color. In the sunlight, they appear to be coated with a sparkling glaze. Its appearance is clean and beautiful, it is easy to take care of, but is not easily harmed by pests, and it is tolerant of drought. It can live a week or two without any care, making it a great choice for inside the home. The green leaves help people to feel invigorated and refreshed.

Scientific Classification of Zanzibar gem

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Zanzibar gem

Common issues for Zanzibar gem based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that severely affects the Zanzibar gem plant, leading to severe foliage damage, slow growth, and potential plant death. It is caused by certain pathogens which thrive in overly moist conditions, presenting a significant risk if not properly managed.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot disease, resulting in unsightly brownish patches on the foliage of Zanzibar gem, can severely compromise the plant’s aesthetic value. The condition is predominately caused by fungal infection and over-watering, with the most severe occurrences under humid conditions where the pathogen thrives.
Learn More About the Brown blotch more
Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting is a prevalent disease affecting Zanzibar gem, causing dehydration and weakening of the plant's tissues. This leads to drooping or bending of stems and leaves, impairing its overall health and aesthetic appeal. Appropriate treatment and prevention measures are needed to combat this problem.
Learn More About the Wilting more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Learn More About the Brown spot more
Nutrient deficiencies
Nutrient deficiencies Nutrient deficiencies Nutrient deficiencies
A lack of nutrients will cause a widespread yellowing of the leaves. The yellowing may begin at the base or top of the plant.
Solutions: There are several easy ways to remedy the nutrient deficiencies in soils. Use a water-soluble fertilizer. Fertilizers will include most or all of the macro and micro-nutrients the plants need to thrive. Adding some fertilizer to the soil will make those nutrients available and can combat deficiencies. Regularly apply organic fertilizer pellets. Organic fertilizers such as animal manures and bonemeal can supply plants with all the nutrients that they need to grow strong and healthy. Apply compost. Though not as finely tuned as artificial fertilizer, compost can nevertheless be rich in important nutrients and should be applied to the soil regularly. Apply nutrients via foliar application. In addition to supplementing the soil with nutrients, foliar fertilizer can be applied directly to the plant's leaves. Nutrients offered via foliar application are often taken up even quicker than those put in the soil, so the foliar application can be great for swiftly addressing specific deficiencies.
Learn More About the Nutrient deficiencies more
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that severely affects the Zanzibar gem plant, leading to severe foliage damage, slow growth, and potential plant death. It is caused by certain pathogens which thrive in overly moist conditions, presenting a significant risk if not properly managed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Early symptoms include yellowing leaves, and brown, water-soaked spots on foliage leading to extensive leaf drop. Affected parts become soft and mushy, often giving off a foul smell. Advanced stages may witness plant wilting, stunted growth and root decay in Zanzibar gem.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Pathogens
The disease is primarily caused by a group of fungi mainly Phytophthora and Pythium. These fungi flourish in overly wet conditions.
2
Other factors
Over-watering, poor drainage and inadequate air circulation contribute to an environment conducive for these pathogens.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Non pesticide
Drainage improvement: Enhance soil drainage to prevent waterlogging.

Removal: Remove and properly dispose of infected leaves and affected parts to prevent further spread of the disease.

Proper spacing: Space plants adequately to improve air circulation.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use of fungicides such as captan or chlorothalonil can help control the spread and alleviate the symptoms of leaf rot.

Bio-fungicides: Bio-fungicides containing Bacillus subtilis or Trichoderma are effective in managing leaf rot.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
Brown spot disease, resulting in unsightly brownish patches on the foliage of Zanzibar gem, can severely compromise the plant’s aesthetic value. The condition is predominately caused by fungal infection and over-watering, with the most severe occurrences under humid conditions where the pathogen thrives.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Zanzibar gem afflicted with Brown spot disease will exhibit conspicuous brown patches on its foliage. These spots typically start small, and as the disease progresses, may enlarge and coalesce, often surrounded by a yellow halo.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Fungal pathogens
The primary cause of Brown spot in Zanzibar gem is a group of fungi typically from the Alternaria and Bipolaris genus.
2
Over-watering
Zanzibar gem can develop brown spots as a consequence of waterlogged roots and water-filled leaf axils, creating ideal conditions for fungus.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Non pesticide
Water reduction: Over-watering should be curbed, as waterlogged roots provide suitable conditions for fungi.

Air circulation: Increase air circulation around Zanzibar gem to lower humidity and facilitate drying.
2
Pesticide
Fungicidal sprays: Regular applications of suitable fungicides can help combat the fungal pathogens causing Brown spot.

Systemic fungicides: For severe cases, a systemic fungicide may be required.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What is Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
Wilting is a prevalent disease affecting Zanzibar gem, causing dehydration and weakening of the plant's tissues. This leads to drooping or bending of stems and leaves, impairing its overall health and aesthetic appeal. Appropriate treatment and prevention measures are needed to combat this problem.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Wilting primarily manifests in Zanzibar gem through limp, drooping leaves that may appear dry or brittle, despite watering. There can be yellowing and browning of leaves edges. The plant may also show stunted growth and reduced vigor.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Overwatering
A common reason for wilting is too much watering, which leads to root rot, affecting the Zanzibar gem's ability to absorb water.
2
Underwatering
Conversely, insufficient water also causes wilting as the plant becomes dehydrated.
3
Disease
Certain root diseases can cause wilting as they attack the roots, inhibiting water uptake.
4
Environmental stress
Excessive heat, inadequate light or drastic temperature changes can stress the plant leading to wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Zanzibar gem?
1
Non pesticide
Proper Watering: Ensuring that the Zanzibar gem is adequately but not over-watered, by checking the moisture level of the soil before watering again.

Adequate Sunlight: Providing the plant with the right amount of indirect sunlight, as excessive or insufficient light can cause stress leading to wilting.

Optimal Temperature: Keeping Zanzibar gem at a steady, moderate temperature.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Use: In case of a fungal disease causing wilting, applying an appropriate fungicide can help control the disease.

Insecticidal Soap: If pest infestation is causing wilting, treatment with a mild insecticidal soap can be effective.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Nutrient deficiencies
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Nutrient deficiencies
A lack of nutrients will cause a widespread yellowing of the leaves. The yellowing may begin at the base or top of the plant.
Overview
Overview
Nutrient deficiencies can be seen in many different ways on plants. Basically, the lack of nutrients will inhibit plant growth, produce weak stems and leaves, and leave plants open to infection from pests and diseases. Plants use the nutrients from the soil to help them with photosynthesis. This, in turn, produces healthy plant growth. Plants that lack adequate amounts of nutrients will look lackluster and unhealthy. Eventually, if this is not addressed, it will cause the plants to die. The most important nutrients that plants need are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. Additionally, plants require small amounts of micronutrients such as iron, boron, manganese, zinc, copper, and molybdenum.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
A common sign that plants are experiencing nutrient deficiencies is the yellowing of leaves. This may be an overall yellowing or leaves that are yellow but still have green veins. These leaves will eventually brown off and die.
Another sign is the loss of plant vigor. The plants may not be growing as well as they should or their growth may be stunted.
Below are some common symptoms that appear when plants are lacking in nutrients.
Nitrogen (N): Inner, older leaves yellow first. If the deficiency is severe, yellowing progresses outward to newer growth.
Potassium (K): Leaf edges may turn brown and crinkly, with a yellowing layer forming just inside of the edge. Older leaves tend to be impacted first.
Phosphorus (P): Lack of vigorous growth. Plants will appear stunted.
Zinc (Zn): Yellowing tends to occur first at the base of the leaf.
Copper (Cu): Newer leaves begin to yellow first, with older leaves yellowing only if the deficiency becomes severe.
Boron (B): Newer leaves are impacted first. Foliage may also become particularly brittle in cases of boron deficiency.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are several factors that can lead to nutrient deficiencies, a situation where plants are not receiving the nutrients that they need. This could be because they are planted in nutrient-deficient soils, or that the soil's pH is too high or low. Incorrect soil pH can lock up certain nutrients, thus making them unavailable to plants. Lack of soil moisture can also be a problem, because plants need water to be able to absorb the nutrients from the soil.
Solutions
Solutions
There are several easy ways to remedy the nutrient deficiencies in soils.
  1. Use a water-soluble fertilizer. Fertilizers will include most or all of the macro and micro-nutrients the plants need to thrive. Adding some fertilizer to the soil will make those nutrients available and can combat deficiencies.
  2. Regularly apply organic fertilizer pellets. Organic fertilizers such as animal manures and bonemeal can supply plants with all the nutrients that they need to grow strong and healthy.
  3. Apply compost. Though not as finely tuned as artificial fertilizer, compost can nevertheless be rich in important nutrients and should be applied to the soil regularly.
  4. Apply nutrients via foliar application. In addition to supplementing the soil with nutrients, foliar fertilizer can be applied directly to the plant's leaves. Nutrients offered via foliar application are often taken up even quicker than those put in the soil, so the foliar application can be great for swiftly addressing specific deficiencies.
Prevention
Prevention
There are several easy ways to prevent nutrient deficiencies in plants.
  1. Regular fertilizing. Regular addition of fertilizer to the soil is one of the simplest and most effective ways to prevent deficiencies.
  2. Proper watering. Both over and under watering can adversely impact a plant's roots, which in turn makes it harder for them to properly take up nutrients.
  3. Testing the soil's pH. A soil's acidity or alkalinity will impact the degree to which certain nutrients are available to be taken up by plants. Knowing the soil's pH means it can be amended to suit the needs of the individual plants.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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toxic

Zanzibar gem and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
The zanzibar gem is a common houseplant that should be kept away from small children and anyone else who has to be watched to keep them out of danger. Its pretty, shiny leaves are full of calcium oxalate crystals. These are tiny, bladelike crystals that tear up the mouth, throat, and digestive tract as they are chewed and swallowed, causing swelling and severe irritation. Besides mouth and throat pain, calcium oxalate crystals cause major gastrointestinal problems, including stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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distribution

Distribution of Zanzibar gem

Habitat of Zanzibar gem

Dry grassland, Forest
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Zanzibar gem

Zanzibar gem is native to the southeastern coast of Africa, where its natural habitat includes dry grasslands and forests. It is widely cultivated in the US and Europe for use as an ornamental and houseplant.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Zanzibar Gem Watering Instructions
Zanzibar gem hails from regions in Eastern Africa, specifically Zanzibar, and is commonly known as the Zanzibar gem. It thrives in tropical environments with high humidity levels and receives significant rainfall. These environmental factors indicate the plant's preference for regular watering to mimic its native habitat. It's crucial to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, allowing for proper drainage. Understanding the natural conditions will help ensure the zanzibar gem receives the appropriate amount of water for optimal growth.
When Should I Water My Zanzibar Gem?
Introduction
Proper and timely watering plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and development of the zanzibar gem. It contributes to its optimal growth, vibrant foliage, and resistance against diseases. Therefore, understanding the appropriate signals indicating when the plant should be watered is essential.
Soil Moisture
Checking the moisture level of the soil is a key indicator for watering zanzibar gem. Stick your finger into the soil up to the second knuckle. If the soil feels dry at that depth, then it's time to water. On the other hand, if the soil feels consistently moist or wet, it is a sign of over-watering, and watering should be withheld.
Leaf Drooping
When the leaves of zanzibar gem droop, it suggests that the plant is experiencing water stress and requires watering. The drooping can be observed as the leaves appearing limp or hanging downwards, either on the entire plant or specific branches. However, it's important to note that zanzibar gem naturally has somewhat droopy leaves, so be sure to compare the drooping to the plant's usual appearance. If the drooping is significantly more pronounced than usual, it's time to water.
Leaf Yellowing
Yellowing of zanzibar gem's leaves is a sign of underwatering. When the plant lacks water, it prioritizes survival by preserving moisture in the roots and stems, resulting in yellowing leaves. If you notice the leaves turning yellow or starting to brown at the tips, it's an indication that the plant needs to be watered.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when zanzibar gem does not receive enough water to maintain turgidity. You can identify wilting by observing the plant's stems and leaves. If they appear limp and the plant overall looks less upright and healthy, it needs watering.
Pot Weight
Another way to assess if zanzibar gem needs watering is by lifting the pot. When the soil is dry and the plant requires water, the pot will feel noticeably lighter. Conversely, if the pot feels heavy, it suggests that the soil still holds sufficient moisture, and watering should be delayed.
Early Watering Risks
Watering zanzibar gem too early, when the soil is still moist, could lead to root rot, fungus infestations, and other root diseases due to over-watering.
Late Watering Risks
Watering zanzibar gem too late, when it has been excessively dry for an extended period, could result in temporary wilting and stunted growth. In extreme cases, it can lead to plant death due to dehydration.
Conclusion
Recognizing these signs is critical to effectively manage the watering schedule for the zanzibar gem. Proper water management not only promotes its health and growth but also extends its lifespan.
How Should I Water My Zanzibar Gem?
Watering Requirements
Zanzibar gem has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration. It is a drought-tolerant plant and prefers to be slightly underwatered than overwatered. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other problems.
Watering Technique
Bottom-watering is an effective method for watering zanzibar gem. This technique involves placing the plant pot in a tray filled with water and allowing the roots to absorb water from the bottom up. It prevents over-saturating the surface and provides moisture directly to the roots.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, it is recommended to choose one with a narrow spout to direct the water flow directly to the base of zanzibar gem. This helps to avoid wetting the foliage excessively and promotes targeted hydration at the root level.
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can be beneficial for watering zanzibar gem. It allows you to accurately measure the moisture level in the soil and determine when it's time to water. Insert the probe into the soil and check the reading to ensure the plant is neither too dry nor too wet.
Avoiding Foliage
During watering, it is important to avoid wetting the foliage of zanzibar gem excessively. Direct the water towards the base of the plant to prevent water droplets from sitting on the leaves. Excess moisture on the foliage can lead to issues like leaf spots and fungal diseases.
Consistency
Maintaining a consistent watering schedule for zanzibar gem is crucial. While it is drought-tolerant, it still requires regular watering. Monitor the moisture level in the soil and water when the top inch of the soil feels dry. Frequency may vary depending on factors like temperature, humidity, and pot size.
Avoiding Waterlogging
Ensure proper drainage for zanzibar gem to prevent waterlogging. Choose a well-draining potting mix and a pot with drainage holes. Excess water should be able to freely drain out of the pot to avoid suffocating the roots.
Monitoring Environmental Factors
Monitor environmental factors such as light intensity, temperature, and humidity when determining the watering needs of zanzibar gem. Higher light and temperature levels can increase the plant's water requirements, while excessive humidity can affect soil moisture levels.
How Much Water Does Zanzibar Gem Really Need?
Introduction
Zanzibar gem is a plant native to Eastern Africa, specifically found in regions like Kenya, Tanzania, and Zanzibar. In its natural habitat, it grows in the understory of forests, where it benefits from indirect sunlight and high humidity. Understanding its natural habitat is crucial in determining its hydration needs.
Optimal Water Quantity
The watering needs of zanzibar gem are influenced by several factors. Firstly, the size of the pot is important as it determines the amount of water the plant can retain. Therefore, zanzibar gem planted in a smaller pot will require less water compared to one in a larger pot. Secondly, the depth of the roots should be considered. Zanzibar gem has a shallow root system, so it doesn't require excessive watering. As a general guideline, zanzibar gem should be watered when the top inch of the soil feels dry. It's important to note that zanzibar gem is tolerant of underwatering and can handle a drier environment better than overwatering.
Signs of Proper Hydration
To determine if zanzibar gem is receiving the right amount of water, observe the plant's foliage and soil conditions. When adequately hydrated, the leaves of zanzibar gem will appear dark green and shiny. Additionally, the soil should be moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it's important to ensure proper drainage.
Risks of Improper Watering
Overwatering zanzibar gem can lead to root rot and fungal diseases. The excess moisture can suffocate the roots, causing them to rot and eventually leading to the death of the plant. On the other hand, underwatering zanzibar gem can result in wilting leaves and stunted growth. It's important to find the right balance to promote healthy growth.
Additional Advice
Apart from proper watering, zanzibar gem benefits from regular misting to increase humidity levels. Additionally, using a well-draining soil mix and ensuring the pot has drainage holes can help prevent waterlogging and promote healthy root growth.
How Often Should I Water Zanzibar Gem?
Every 3 weeks
Watering Frequency
Smart Seasonal Watering
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Zanzibar Gem?
Water Type Guide for zanzibar gem
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - zanzibar gem prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Distilled Water: Best suited for zanzibar gem as it is free from impurities and minerals. Rainwater: An excellent alternative that is natural and free of chemicals. Filtered Water: Can be used if it removes any harmful contaminants. Tap Water: Can be used if no other water sources are available, but it may contain chlorine and other chemicals.
Chemical Sensitivity
Chlorine Sensitivity: High zanzibar gem is sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can cause leaf burn and overall stress to the plant. Fluoride Sensitivity: Moderate zanzibar gem can tolerate low levels of fluoride but excessive amounts can be harmful.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least 24 hours before using it on zanzibar gem to allow chlorine to evaporate. Fluoride Removal: If tap water has high fluoride levels, consider using a water filtration system that removes fluoride.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate zanzibar gem generally prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Zanzibar Gem's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water zanzibar gem in Spring?
During spring, zanzibar gem experiences its active growth phase. It is essential to maintain consistent soil moisture to support healthy growth. Water regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist.
How to Water zanzibar gem in Summer?
In summer, zanzibar gem may enter a drought period where it undergoes natural dormancy to conserve energy. Reduce watering frequency, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings.
How to Water zanzibar gem in Autumn?
During autumn, zanzibar gem prepares for winter dormancy. Gradually decrease the frequency of watering as the plant enters its dormant phase. Ensure the soil remains lightly moist.
How to Water zanzibar gem in Winter?
In winter, zanzibar gem experiences its dormant period. Water sparingly as the plant requires minimal moisture during this time. Allow the topsoil to dry out between waterings.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Zanzibar Gem Watering Routine?
Watering Tools:
Using a watering can with a long, narrow spout or a watering wand can help deliver water directly to the base of the zanzibar gem and prevent water from splashing onto the leaves. This helps avoid fungal diseases and ensures efficient watering.
Watering Frequency:
The zanzibar gem prefers its soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Water thoroughly until the water drains out of the bottom of the pot, and then allow the top few inches of soil to dry before watering again. Avoid keeping the soil constantly wet, as this can cause root rot.
Soil Moisture Assessment:
To assess soil moisture beyond the surface level, stick your finger or a wooden dowel into the soil. If it comes out dry or slightly moist, it's time to water. If it comes out with moisture clinging to it, wait a few more days before watering.
Signs of Thirst:
The zanzibar gem will start to show signs of thirst when the leaves start to droop slightly. This is a good indication that it needs watering. However, be careful not to over-water at the first sign of drooping, as this can also be a sign of over-watering.
Signs of Over-Watering:
Over-watering can lead to yellowing leaves, mushy stems, and a foul smell. If you notice these signs, reduce watering frequency and ensure the soil has proper drainage. Allow the soil to dry out before watering again.
Watering in Special Conditions:
During a heatwave, the zanzibar gem may require more frequent watering due to increased evaporation. However, be cautious not to over-water as the plant may still prefer its soil to dry out slightly between waterings. If it's raining for an extended period, reduce or stop watering until the soil has had a chance to dry out. When the plant is stressed, such as during repotting or after a pest infestation, it may benefit from slightly increased watering to aid in recovery.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Zanzibar Gem?
Overview
Hydroponics, the process of growing plants in a water-based, nutrient-rich solution, deviates from traditional dirt gardening. It presents an attractive proposition for growing zanzibar gem as it reduces risks associated with soil-based diseases and pests. It also enables the control of nutrient uptake, offering healthier and faster growth.
Optimal Hydroponic System
Zanzibar gem thrives well in a Wick system, a passive hydroponic system, due to its modest water and nutrient requirements. This system prevents overwatering, a common issue particularly for this plant, as it allows the plant to draw nutrients when needed.
Nutrient Solution
Zanzibar gem prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth. The nutrient solution should be changed regularly, approximately every 2 weeks, to prevent nutrient imbalances and to sustain plant health. A weak solution, with about half the normal concentration, is best as zanzibar gem can be sensitive to excessive nutrients.
Challenges
While hydroponic cultivation reduces some threats, others remain or are unique to this system. For zanzibar gem, this includes root rot, nutrient burn from high-concentration nutrient solutions, and light requirements. Zanzibar gem prefers bright, indirect light and can struggle in low light hydroponic environments.
Monitoring Plant Health
Possible signs of zanzibar gem's stress or symptoms differ from soil-grown plants, such as leaf browning or yellowing, indicating a need to adjust nutrient concentrations. A transparent hydroponics system can help monitor root health and detect early signs of root rot, such as browning or slimy roots.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
The hydroponic environment should be adjusted according to the growth stages or specific needs of the zanzibar gem. For example, during the flowering stage, the plant may require more light and an adjusted nutrient mixture. The high air flow and low humidity of hydroponic systems can cause zanzibar gem to dry out quickly, hence regular monitoring and adjustments to maintain adequate moisture levels become critical.
General Care
Zanzibar gem is known for its resilience but needs regular maintenance. This includes weekly visual inspections, periodic pH checks, and nutrient adjustments. In hydroponic systems, zanzibar gem doesn't need to be pruned frequently. Water temperature should ideally be kept around 68-72°F for optimal root health.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Zanzibar gem is prone to developing disease symptoms when overwatered, as it possesses some drought tolerance. It prefers a drier environment, and symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, root rot...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
Zanzibar gem is not prone to experiencing plant health issues due to lack of watering. However, it can suffer from dehydration if watering is consistently forgotten for an extended period. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, leaf curling, yellowing leaves...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Yellowing leaves
The leaves may begin to yellow or develop dry tips as a result of water stress and reduced nutrient uptake.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Zanzibar Gem
Why are the leaves on my zanzibar gem yellowing and falling off?
This is likely due to overwatering. Zanzibar gem plants do not require a lot of water and excess watering will lead to root rot and yellowing leaves. Cut back on the frequency of your watering, allowing the soil to dry thoroughly between watering sessions. A general rule is to water the plant once per week in the summer and once a month during the winter.
Why does my zanzibar gem appear to be withering even though I water it often?
Overwatering is a common problem with zanzibar gem plants. They are drought-tolerant and prefer to remain dry rather than too wet. If your plant is withering, it could be an indication of root rot caused by excess water. Allow the soil to dry out completely before watering it again, and consider transferring the plant to well-ventilated potting mix to avoid future overwatering.
The tips of my zanzibar gem's leaves are turning brown despite regular watering, what could be the issue?
Brown leaf tips can be due to underwatering or lack of humidity. Ensure that you are providing your zanzibar gem with enough water during warm or hot seasons, but avoid overwatering as this can also harm the plant. Additionally, consider misting the plant with water occasionally or placing a tray with water near the plant to increase humidity.
My zanzibar gem plant appears to be stunted and is not growing, could this be related to watering?
Yes, zanzibar gem plants require a perfect balance in watering- not too much, not too little. Stunted growth can occur either due to overwatering or underwatering. Also, ensure you are using a well-draining soil, which allows water to reach the roots without waterlogging them. Adjust your watering schedule or change the potting mix if necessary.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Partial sun
Ideal
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Full shade
Tolerance
Less than 3 hours of sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Zanzibar gem thrives in areas with a fair amount of sunlight exposure, although it's quite tolerant of more shaded locations. Its habitat is typically regions with filtered light. Throughout its growth stages, constant yet sheltered sunlight is required. Excessive sun exposure could lead to leaf scorching while too little light may cause stunted growth.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Zanzibar gem is a versatile plant that thrives in partial sunlight but can tolerate full sunlight in cooler weather. Although symptoms of light deficiency may not be easily noticeable, inadequate light conditions can affect their growth indoors.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your zanzibar gem may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Slower or no new growth
Zanzibar gem enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To optimize plant growth, shift them to increasingly sunnier spots each week until they receive 3-6 hours of direct sunlight daily, enabling gradual adaptation to changing light conditions.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Zanzibar gem thrives with partial sun exposure but is more prone to sunburn. The intense sunlight during summer can cause leaf sunburn, making it important to provide adequate shade and protection.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The zanzibar gem is native to hot tropical regions and can tolerate temperatures between 20 to 38℃ (68 to 100.4℉). During winter, it is recommended to keep the plant in a warmer spot with a temperature range of 18 to 24℃ (64.4 to 75.2℉) and avoid placing it near cold drafts.
Regional wintering strategies
Zanzibar gem is extremely heat-loving, and any cold temperatures can cause harm to it. In the autumn, it is recommended to bring outdoor-grown Zanzibar gem indoors and place it near a bright window, but it should be kept at a certain distance from heaters. Maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter is beneficial for plant growth. Any temperatures approaching {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min} are detrimental to the plant.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Zanzibar gem prefers warm temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may lighten in color. After frost damage, the color gradually turns brown or black, and symptoms such as wilting and drooping may occur.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment for cold protection. Choose a spot near a south-facing window to place the plant, ensuring ample sunlight. Additionally, avoid placing the plant near heaters or air conditioning vents to prevent excessive dryness in the air.
High Temperature
During summer, Zanzibar gem should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Zanzibar Gem?
For optimal results, transplant zanzibar gem during mid to late spring or mid to late fall. This ensures adequate root development in mild conditions. Position it in a well-draining location with bright indirect light. Careful handling of the roots when transplanting is crucial for a stress-free transition.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Zanzibar Gem?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Zanzibar Gem?
The ideal time to transplant zanzibar gem is from mid-spring to late spring, or mid-fall to late fall, providing optimal growing conditions. Transplanting during these periods ensures proper root establishment, reduced transplant shock, and a healthier, happier plant!
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Zanzibar Gem Plants?
For transplanting zanzibar gem, it's best to space them 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) apart. This will give each plant enough room to grow and spread without competing for nutrients, water, or space.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Zanzibar Gem Transplanting?
Prepare a well-draining soil mix rich in organic matter for transplanting zanzibar gem. You can use equal parts of potting soil, perlite, and compost. Add a layer of base fertilizer such as slow-release granules or organic plant food to support healthy growth.
Where Should You Relocate Your Zanzibar Gem?
Choose a location for transplanting zanzibar gem that receives bright, indirect sunlight. Too much direct sunlight may damage the leaves, while low light might slow down growth. A spot near a window with filtered sunlight is perfect!
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Zanzibar Gem?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and zanzibar gem.
Shovel or Spade
To dig a hole in the ground and remove the plant from its original location.
Trowel
For precise digging and moving soil when transplanting zanzibar gem.
Watering Can or Hose
To water the plant after transplanting and keep the soil moist.
Pruner or Scissors
To trim any damaged or dead leaves and roots during transplanting process.
How Do You Remove Zanzibar Gem from the Soil?
- From Ground: First, water the zanzibar gem plant to dampen the soil. Then, dig a wide trench around the plant using a shovel or spade, ensuring the plant's root ball remains intact. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
- From Pot: Water the zanzibar gem plant to moisten the potting mix. Gently tilt the pot on its side and tap the edges to loosen the root ball. Carefully slide the plant out of the pot, taking care not to damage the roots.
- From Seedling Tray: Ensure the zanzibar gem seedlings have developed roots and at least 2-3 sets of true leaves. Gently push the seedlings from the bottom of the tray or use a small trowel to lift the seedling along with its root ball.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Zanzibar Gem
Step1 Hole Preparation
Dig a hole twice as wide and deep as the zanzibar gem root ball in your chosen location. Fill the bottom of the hole with a mixture of soil and compost to create a well-draining and nutrient-rich environment for the plant.
Step2 Root Inspection
Check the zanzibar gem root ball for any damaged or dead roots and trim them with pruners or scissors. Gently loosen the roots with your fingers to help them spread out and grow in their new location.
Step3 Plant Placement
Place the zanzibar gem plant into the prepared hole, ensuring that the top of the root ball is level with the surrounding soil. Backfill the hole with the soil and compost mixture, gently firming it around the plant to eliminate any air pockets.
Step4 Watering
Thoroughly water the zanzibar gem plant after transplanting, ensuring that the soil settles around the roots. This also helps to reduce transplant shock. Keep the soil consistently moist, but avoid overwatering.
How Do You Care For Zanzibar Gem After Transplanting?
Monitoring Growth
Observe the zanzibar gem plant's growth in the weeks following the transplant. New growth indicates that the plant is successfully adapting to its new environment.
Pruning
Trim any dead or dying leaves from the zanzibar gem after transplantation to encourage new growth and to conserve the plant's energy.
Pest Control
Inspect the zanzibar gem regularly for any signs of pests and treat them accordingly using organic or chemical methods.
Temperature
Ensure that the plant is in an area with appropriate temperature conditions for its growth and adjust as necessary.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Zanzibar Gem Transplantation.
When's the ideal time to transplant zanzibar gem?
The best time to transplant zanzibar gem is during mid-spring to late-spring or mid-fall to late-fall.
What is the ideal spacing for zanzibar gem while transplanting?
Zanzibar gem should be spaced 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) apart for proper growth and air circulation.
How deep should I plant zanzibar gem during transplanting?
Plant zanzibar gem at the same depth as it was in its previous pot, ensuring the root ball is covered.
What type of soil is best for transplanting zanzibar gem?
Zanzibar gem prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH (6.0-7.5).
How much sunlight does zanzibar gem need during transplanting?
Zanzibar gem thrives in bright, indirect light but can tolerate low-light conditions as well.
What is the proper watering technique for zanzibar gem after transplanting?
Water zanzibar gem thoroughly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings to avoid overwatering.
Should I add fertilizer during the transplanting process?
Yes, adding a slow-release fertilizer during transplant will promote healthy growth for zanzibar gem.
How can I tell if zanzibar gem needs transplanting?
If roots are growing out of the drainage holes or the plant appears root-bound, zanzibar gem needs transplanting.
What pot size should I use when transplanting zanzibar gem?
Choose a pot 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) larger in diameter than the current one to allow for growth.
Do I need to prune zanzibar gem while transplanting?
Trim away any damaged or rotting roots and yellowing leaves, promoting fresh growth post-transplant.
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Toxic
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Summarization
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Human
AllParts
Toxic parts
Swallowed
Effect methods
Is Zanzibar Gem toxic to human?
The zanzibar gem is a common houseplant that should be kept away from small children and anyone else who has to be watched to keep them out of danger. Its pretty, shiny leaves are full of calcium oxalate crystals. These are tiny, bladelike crystals that tear up the mouth, throat, and digestive tract as they are chewed and swallowed, causing swelling and severe irritation. Besides mouth and throat pain, calcium oxalate crystals cause major gastrointestinal problems, including stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.
How to identify Zanzibar Gem
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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